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Child psychiatry

R M Vermeiren, J van der Meer
Research into cost-effectiveness of treatment of child psychiatric disorders is extremely limited. There are two main reasons for this: it's a new field and the type of research required is intrinsically complicated.<br/> AIM: To review selected articles that reveal the prevalence of child psychiatric disorders, demonstrate the complexity of cost-efficiency research in child psychiatry and point to the possible benefits of appropriate treatment.<br/> METHOD: We provide an overview of a selected number of articles dealing with the prevalence of child psychiatric disorders and the costs involved, we stress the diffulty of assessing whether current treatment is cost-effective and we describe the possible benefits of treatment...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Şermin Yalın Sapmaz, Dilek Ergin, Nesrin Şen Celasin, Handan Özek Erkuran, Duygu Karaarslan, Siğnem Öztekin, Bengisu Uzel Tanrıverdi, Ertuğrul Köroğlu, Ömer Aydemir
The goal of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the DSM-5 Dissociative Symptoms Severity Scale-Child Form. The scale was prepared by translating and then back translating the DSM-5 Dissociative Symptoms Severity Scale. The study groups included one group of 30 patients diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder who were treated in a child and adolescent psychiatry unit and a second group of 83 healthy volunteers from middle and high schools in the community. For assessment, the Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale (ADES) was used in addition to the DSM-5 Dissociative Symptoms Severity Scale...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Emel Sari Gokten, Nagihan Saday Duman, Nusret Soylu, Mehmet Erdem Uzun
It is known that children with mental and developmental problems are at risk of abuse and neglect. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is one of the most frequent neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents. The purpose of this study is to examine whether children diagnosed with ADHD are under more risk in terms of child abuse and neglect compared to controls. In this case-control study, 104 children, who applied to Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Unit of Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital between January and June 2015, were diagnosed with ADHD, and had no other psychiatric comorbidity except for disruptive behavior disorders, and 104 healthy children were compared...
October 19, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
Wanjiku F M Njoroge, Cody A Hostutler, Billie S Schwartz, Jennifer A Mautone
There are multiple barriers to accessing high quality, evidence-based behavioral health care for children and adolescents, including stigma, family beliefs, and the significant paucity of child and adolescent psychiatrists. Although equal access continues to be an unmet need in the USA, there is growing recognition that integrated behavioral health services in pediatric primary care have the potential to reduce health disparities and improve service utilization. In a joint position paper, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) highlighted the multiple benefits of children receiving initial behavioral health screening, assessment, and evidence-based behavioral health treatments in the medical home...
December 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
A Sharma, J Neely, N Camilleri, A James, H Grunze, A Le Couteur
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the surveillance incidence of first-time diagnosis of narrow phenotype bipolar I disorder (NPBDI) in young people under 16 years by consultants in child and adolescent psychiatry (CCAP) in the British Isles and describe symptoms, comorbidity, associated factors, management strategies and clinical outcomes at 1-year follow-up. METHOD: Active prospective surveillance epidemiology was utilised to ask 730 CCAP to report cases of NPBDI using the child and adolescent psychiatry surveillance system...
October 15, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Iman Sapru, Sarosh Khalid-Khan, Elaine Choi, Nazanin Alavi, Archana Patel, Chloe Sutton, Gbolahan Odejayi, Olivia G Calancie
OBJECTIVE: [1] To highlight the effectiveness of multi-family psychoeducation group therapy (MFPGT) in children with mood or anxiety disorders; [2] to measure change in knowledge and awareness of mood and anxiety disorders in families and children; and [3] to compare the relative effectiveness of online compared to live MFPGT. METHOD: Participants included families of children (12 years or younger) referred with a mood or anxiety disorder to the Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at Queen's University (n=16) who were on a waitlist to see a psychiatrist...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Seval Birdal, Burak Doğangün
AIM: Enuresis is defined as involuntary or intentional repeated voiding of urine into clothes or bed at least twice a week for a period of three consecutive months in children older than five years old. It is one of the most frequent chronic childhood disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of behavioural problems in children with enuresis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research compared 30 children aged between 7 and 11 years who had consulted to Bakırköy Prof...
September 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
M Kölch, P L Plener
Pharmacotherapeutic interventions are available for most psychiatric disorders in children. Evidence for these interventions varies, depending on the targeted disorders. For attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, a sound database on efficacy and safety of medication exists. For other common disorders or psychopathological phenomena like disruptive behavior, anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, or autism, data on efficacy and safety are much scarcer. This selective review aims to provide an overview about current psychopharmacological interventions in child and adolescent psychiatry...
October 13, 2016: Pharmacopsychiatry
M Holtmann, B G Schimmelmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: Pharmacopsychiatry
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Psychosis-Predictive Value of Self-Reported Schizotypy in a Clinical High-Risk Sample" by Rahel Flückiger, Stephan Ruhrmann, Martin Debbané, Chantal Michel, Daniela Hubl, Benno G. Schimmelmann, Joachim Klosterkötter and Frauke Schultze-Lutter (Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Sep 1, 2016, np). In the article, there was an error in the Author Note. The affiliation of Daniela Hubl was incorrectly listed as "University Hospital of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Bern...
October 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
L Brimberg, S Mader, V Jeganathan, R Berlin, T R Coleman, P K Gregersen, P T Huerta, B T Volpe, B Diamond
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) occurs in 1 in 68 births, preferentially affecting males. It encompasses a group of neurodevelopmental abnormalities characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, stereotypic behaviors and motor dysfunction. Although recent advances implicate maternal brain-reactive antibodies in a causative role in ASD, a definitive assessment of their pathogenic potential requires cloning of such antibodies. Here, we describe the isolation and characterization of monoclonal brain-reactive antibodies from blood of women with brain-reactive serology and a child with ASD...
October 4, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
A Simons, F Eyskens, I Glazemakers, D van West
Many patients who visit a centre for hereditary metabolic diseases remarkably also suffer from a child psychiatric disorder. Those child psychiatric disorders may be the first sign or manifestation of an underlying metabolic disorder. Lack of knowledge of metabolic disorders in child psychiatry may lead to diagnoses being missed. Patients therefore are also at risk for not accessing efficacious treatment and proper counselling. To search the literature for the co-occurrence of child psychiatric disorders, such as ADHD, autism, psychosis, learning disorders and eating disorders and metabolic disorders...
September 30, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Joerg M Fegert, Benedetto Vitiello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Aude Paquet, Bertrand Olliac, Manuel-Pierre Bouvard, Bernard Golse, Laurence Vaivre-Douret
BACKGROUND: Altered motor performance has been described in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) with disturbances in walking; posture, coordination, or arm movements, but some individuals with ASD show no impairment of motor skills. The neuro-developmental processes that underpin the performance of neuro-psychomotor functions have not been widely explored, nor is it clear whether there are neuro-psychomotor functions specifically affected in ASD. Our objective was to focus on the semiology of motor disorders among children with ASD using a neuro-developmental assessment tool...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Pınar Uran, Esra Yürümez, Ayla Aysev, Birim Günay Kılıç
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents who were admitted to the child and adolescent psychiatry clinic were compared with respect to the premenstrual symptom severity, psychiatric comorbidities and health related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: The research group was identified using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version and Premenstrual Assessment Form. They completed the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (The PedsQL)...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
Veronique Delvenne
Mental and behavioural problems during childhood and adolescence are a serious public concern and are increasing actually and in the next 10 years. In Belgium, policymakers have reorganize mental health care for children and adolescents in care circuits and care network that include and support intersectoral collaborations. They also support creation of mobile out-reach team for crisis and assertive care to help patient and their families in the least restrictive environment possible. Specific programs are developed for double diagnosis and disabled children but also juvenile offenders with psychiatric problems...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
Eva Tedgård, Maria Råstam
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether women raised in a family with substance abuse constitute a particularly vulnerable group of patients in an infant psychiatry setting and to identify the risk factors of suspected parental malfunctioning in women referred to treatment in an infant and toddler intervention program. BACKGROUND: A history of family substance abuse can severely disrupt the caretaking abilities of parents in ways that can have far-reaching consequences, and children growing up with insufficient parental care may incorporate this deficiency into their own parental behavior...
2016: SpringerPlus
Ester Camprodon-Rosanas, Santiago Batlle, Xavier Estrada-Prat, Marta Aceña-Díaz, Araitz Petrizan-Aleman, Elena Pujals, Luis M Martin-López, Víctor Pérez-Solá, Núria Ribas-Fitó
Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms have largely emerged from investigations of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Recent research has demonstrated the relevance of SCT symptoms in the field of clinical child and adolescent psychiatry. The goal of this research was to study the symptoms of SCT in a clinical child and adolescent sample and to define its features and comorbid conditions. We reviewed 834 clinical records of patients referred to Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services and examined SCT symptoms and their relation with sociodemographic data, clinical diagnosis, comorbid conditions, Child Behavior Checklist dimensions, and intelligence quotient...
September 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
A Desai, J M Sequeira, E V Quadros
Folate receptor alpha (FRα) autoantibodies have been associated with fetal abnormalities and cerebral folate deficiency-related developmental disorders. Over 70% of the children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are positive for these autoantibodies and high-dose folinic acid is beneficial in treating these children. Here we show that antibodies (Abs) to the rat FRα administered during gestation produce communication, learning and cognitive deficits in a rat model that can be prevented by folinic acid and dexamethasone...
September 20, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
Kukju Kweon, Hyun-Jeong Lee, Kee Jeong Park, Yeonho Joo, Hyo-Won Kim
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) profiles in youths with bipolar and depressive disorders. METHODS: Seventy-four subjects with a mean age of 14.9±1.6years (36 boys) with mood disorders and their parents were recruited from September 2011 to June 2013 in the Department of Psychiatry, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. Diagnosis of mood disorder and comorbid psychiatric disorder was confirmed by child psychiatrists using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children - Present and Lifetime version (K-SADS-PL)...
October 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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