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Bile duct cancer treatment

Sarikapan Wilailak, Nuttapong Lertchaipattanakul
Between the years of 2010-2012, it was estimated there were a total of 112,392 new cases of cancers in Thailand, thus, the total age-standardized rate (ASR) per 100,000 is 137.6. In regards to the most prevalent types of cancer in female, breast cancer has the highest ASR, followed by cervical cancer (ASR=14.4); liver and bile duct cancer; colon and rectum cancer; trachea, bronchus and lung cancer; ovarian cancer (ASR=6.0); thyroid cancer; non-Hodgkin lymphoma and uterine cancer (ASR=4.3). The trend of cervical cancer in Thailand is decreasing, one key factor in making this possible was the employment of dual tract strategy (Pap smear and visual inspection with acetic acid [VIA]) by the government in 2005...
November 2016: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Nurdan Tözün, Eser Vardareli
Gastrointestinal (GI) cancers are the leading cause of mortality worldwide. These cancers are the end result of a complex interplay between gene and environment. Bacteria, parasites, and viruses have been implicated in some cancers. Recent data have put at focus the gut microbiome as the key player firing tumorigenesis. Experimental and human studies have provided evidence on the role of microbiota in cancer development. Although subject to changes in different settings such as antibiotic treatment, diet or lifestyle, our microbiome is quite stable and is capable of increasing susceptibility to cancer or decrease and halt its progression...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Mark K Doherty, Jennifer J Knox
Surgical resection remains the most important treatment for patients with biliary tract cancer (BTC), but despite radical surgical techniques many patients ultimately develop recurrent disease. BTC encompasses several distinct disease entities-intrahepatic, perihilar and distal bile duct cholangiocarcinoma as well as gallbladder cancer. These tumors are histologically similar, but have different etiologies and recent information regarding their genomic footprint has questioned their biological similarity. Surgical approaches are also necessarily varied based on the site of the tumor...
September 5, 2016: Chinese Clinical Oncology
Anne Tr Noll, Thorsten Cramer, Steven Wm Olde Damink, Frank G Schaap
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a relatively rare malignancy of the intra- or extra-hepatic bile ducts that is classified according to its anatomical localization as intrahepatic, perihilar or distal. Overall, CCA has a dismal prognosis due to typical presentation at an advanced irresectable stage, lack of effective non-surgical treatments, and a high rate of disease recurrence. CCA frequently arises on a background of chronic liver inflammation and cholestasis. Chronic inflammation is accompanied by enhanced cell turnover with generation of additional inflammatory stimuli, and a microenvironment rich in pro-inflammatory mediators and proliferative factors that enable accumulation of mutations, transformation and expansion of mutated cells...
September 18, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
Domenico Tamburrino, Deniece Riviere, Mohammad Yaghoobi, Brian R Davidson, Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy
BACKGROUND: Periampullary cancer includes cancer of the head and neck of the pancreas, cancer of the distal end of the bile duct, cancer of the ampulla of Vater, and cancer of the second part of the duodenum. Surgical resection is the only established potentially curative treatment for pancreatic and periampullary cancer. A considerable proportion of patients undergo unnecessary laparotomy because of underestimation of the extent of the cancer on computed tomography (CT) scanning. Other imaging methods such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), PET-CT, and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) have been used to detect local invasion or distant metastases not visualised on CT scanning which could prevent unnecessary laparotomy...
September 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jay Song, Sung Bum Kim, Kook Hyun Kim, Tae Nyeun Kim, Kyung Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder toxicity was reported in most motesanib studies with varying frequency and at variable times after initiation of treatment. METHOD AND RESULTS: A 44-year-old man was admitted due to severe epigastric pain. The patient was diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer 9 months ago and received 6 cycles of chemotherapy with motesanib, paclitaxel, and carboplatin. Ultrasonography showed a large amount of sludge within gallbladder. Computed tomography scan demonstrated diffuse dilatation of biliary tree with distended gallbladder without evidence of stone and mild pancreatic swelling...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kyong Joo Lee, Seung Woo Yi, Jihye Cha, Jinsil Seong, Seungmin Bang, Si Young Song, Hee Man Kim, Seung Woo Park
PURPOSE: Combination chemotherapy with gemcitabine and cisplatin is a standard treatment for patients with advanced biliary tract cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of gemcitabine- and cisplatin-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy in patients with unresectable biliary tract cancer. METHODS: Patients with pathologically proven, unresectable, non-metastatic biliary tract cancer were enrolled. Gemcitabine was administered intravenously at a dose of 1000 mg/m(2) on days 1, 8, and 15...
October 2016: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Alejandro L Suarez, Gregory A Coté, B Joseph Elmunzer
Catheter-based radiofrequency ablation (RFA) delivered during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) may represent a viable treatment option for intraductal extension of ampullary neoplasms, however, clinical experience with this modality is limited. After ampullary resection, 4 patients with intraductal extension underwent adjunctive RFA of the distal bile duct. All patients received a temporary pancreatic stent to reduce the risk of pancreatitis, as well as a plastic biliary stent to prevent biliary obstruction...
July 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Yu-Jen Chen, Chien-Chih Chen, Huey-Lan Huang
Armillaria mellea is a honey mushroom often used in the traditional Chinese medicine "Tianma". Currently, this medicinal mushroom is also used as a dietary supplement in numerous Western and Eastern countries. Armillarikin was isolated from A. mellea, and we previously discovered that it induced cytotoxicity in human leukemia cells. In this study, we further investigated the cytotoxicity of armillarikin against liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer cells. Armillarikin was cytotoxic against human hepatocellular carcinoma Huh7, HA22T, and HepG2 cells based on the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium and alamarBlue(®) assays...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Priyankar Dey, Somit Dutta, Anashuya Biswas-Raha, Mousumi Poddar Sarkar, Tapas Kumar Chaudhuri
BACKGROUND: Nerium oleander L. (syn. Nerium indicum Mill, Nerium odorum Aiton) belongs to the family Apocynaceae. It is used for its anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, anti-cancer and hepatoprotective activities in traditional medicine. Previous pharmacognostic studies suggested that 70 % hydro-methanolic extracts of oleander possess potent free radical scavenging and anti-inflammatory activities, both of which are helpful against hepatotoxicity. METHODS: Hydro-methanolic extracts of oleander stem and root were evaluated for their hepatoprotective activities in acute CCl4 intoxicated mouse through in vitro and in vivo studies...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Masayuki Shibata, Hiroyuki Matsubayashi, Tsuyoshi Aramaki, Katsuhiko Uesaka, Naoyuki Tsutsumi, Keiko Sasaki, Hiroyuki Ono
BACKGROUND: Hepatic inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) is a rare disease which often mimics a malignant tumor and is therefore often misdiagnosed and surgically resected. Recently, a concept of IgG4-related diseases (IgG4-RD) has been proposed that is becoming widely recognized and includes IgG4-related hepatic IPT. Corticosteroids are widely accepted as the standard treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 72-year-old Japanese man, who had been followed for ten years after surgery and chemotherapy for treatment of hilar and lower bile duct cancers, developed intermittent fever and abdominal pain and visited this hospital...
2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Olga S Fedorova, Yulia V Kovshirina, Anna E Kovshirina, Marina M Fedotova, Ivan A Deev, Fedor I Petrovskiy, Aleksandr V Filimonov, Alla I Dmitrieva, Lev A Kudyakov, Irina V Saltykova, Peter Odermatt, Ludmila M Ogorodova
Opisthorchis felineus (O. felineus) occurs in Western Siberia and many other parts of the Russian Federation (RF). The true extent of its distribution is not known. Chronic infection may lead to severe hepatobiliary morbidity. According to surgical and experimental reports, long-term infestation might significantly increase the risk for cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). To date, no association between O. felineus infection and CCA has been demonstrated. The objective of this study was to review existing health data on the incidence of O...
July 26, 2016: Parasitology International
Suguru Yamashita, Evelyne Loyer, Yun Shin Chun, Milind Javle, Jeffrey E Lee, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Claudius Conrad
BACKGROUND: In the era of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, incidentally discovered gallbladder cancer (IGBC) has become a common clinical presentation.1 A consensus exists that radical resection should be performed for IGBC patients with T1b or more advanced tumors.2 Although the oncologic safety of laparoscopic treatment for selected patients with gallbladder cancer (GBC) has been demonstrated, a laparoscopic approach for IGBC remains uncommonly practiced due to the technical challenge of the frequently reoperative cases...
July 25, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Masahiro Shiihara, Osamu Miura, Kozo Konishi, Sachiko Takeo, Tadatoshi Kakimoto, Gen Hidaka, Yuichi Shibui, Yoshikazu Minamisono, Tomohiro Toda, Shuichiro Uemura, Masakazu Yamamoto
A 69-year-old man, who had undergone pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) (Imanaga procedure) for duodenum papilla cancer 13 years prior, had a history of repeated hospitalization due to cholangitis since the third year after surgery and liver abscess at the 10th year after surgery. Gastrointestinal series indicated no stenosis after the cholangiojejunostomy. However, reflux of contrast media into the bile duct and persistence of food residues were observed. We considered the cholangitis to be caused by reflux and persistence of food residues into the bile duct...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Markus W Löffler, P Anoop Chandran, Karoline Laske, Christopher Schroeder, Irina Bonzheim, Mathias Walzer, Franz J Hilke, Nico Trautwein, Daniel J Kowalewski, Heiko Schuster, Marc Günder, Viviana A Carcamo Yañez, Christopher Mohr, Marc Sturm, Huu-Phuc Nguyen, Olaf Riess, Peter Bauer, Sven Nahnsen, Silvio Nadalin, Derek Zieker, Jörg Glatzle, Karolin Thiel, Nicole Schneiderhan-Marra, Stephan Clasen, Hans Bösmüller, Falko Fend, Oliver Kohlbacher, Cécile Gouttefangeas, Stefan Stevanović, Alfred Königsrainer, Hans-Georg Rammensee
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We report a novel experimental immunotherapeutic approach in a patient with metastatic intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. In the 5year course of the disease, the initial tumor mass, two local recurrences and a lung metastasis were surgically removed. Lacking alternative treatment options, aiming at the induction of anti-tumor T cells responses, we initiated a personalized multi-peptide vaccination, based on in-depth analysis of tumor antigens (immunopeptidome) and sequencing...
October 2016: Journal of Hepatology
Giuseppe Nigri, Giammauro Berardi, Chiara Mattana, Livia Mangogna, Niccolò Petrucciani, Andrea Sagnotta, Paolo Aurello, Francesco D'Angelo, Giovanni Ramacciato
AIM: The optimal treatment for advanced gallbladder cancer, in particular T2 stage cancer, is unclear. The use of "radical cholecystectomy" or more extended procedures with extra-hepatic bile duct resection are matter of debate. Due to the lack of consensus regarding the oncological significance of routine extra-hepatic bile duct (EBD) resection for gallbladder carcinoma, we decided to perform a systematic review investigating the real benefit of this procedure focusing on the primary outcomes of overall survival and disease-free survival...
July 6, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
Yohei Horibe, Seiji Adachi, Mitsuru Okuno, Tomohiko Ohno, Naoe Goto, Midori Iwama, Osamu Yamauchi, Koshiro Saito, Ichiro Yasuda, Masahito Shimizu
A 65-year-old woman with recurrent breast cancer was repeatedly treated with bevacizumab, an anti-VEGF antibody. In addition, she was also frequently prescribed a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug for abdominal pain. Melena was revealed 2 months after the final treatment with bevacizumab, and an endoscopic study revealed a duodenal ulcer (DU) that was resistant to anti-ulcer therapy. A cholangiography identified a biliary-duodenal fistula with bile juice leaking from the ulcer base. Therefore, a biliary stent was placed into the common bile duct for 3 months until the DU healed...
July 2016: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
Hirohisa Okabe, Akira Chikamoto, Masataka Maruno, Daisuke Hashimoto, Katsunori Imai, Katsunobu Taki, Kota Arima, Takatoshi Ishiko, Hideaki Uchiyama, Toru Ikegami, Norifumi Harimoto, Shinji Itoh, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Toru Beppu, Hideo Baba, Yoshihiko Maehara
The treatment outcome of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma remains insufficient because it is difficult to obtain accurate diagnosis of tumor spreading and effective treatment agent is quite limited in spite of substantial current efforts, all of which have been unsuccessful except for gemcitabine plus cisplatin. The patient was a 60-year-old female who had developed hilar cholangiocarcinoma and underwent extrahepatic bile duct resection. Although it was conceivable that it would be the R1 resection, the patient wanted to receive limited resection to avoid postoperative complication mainly because she was depressed...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Z Lu, D D Wang
Hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) is also known as cancer at the upper part of bile duct, perihilar cholangiocarcinoma or Klatskin tumor, etc.Bismuth-Corlette type Ⅲ hilar cholangiocarcinoma refers to tumor invading right hepatic duct (Ⅲa) or left hepatic duct (Ⅲb). While Bismuth-Corlette type Ⅳ hilar cholangiocarcinoma refers to both left and right intrahepatic bile ducts being invaded. Under the premise of strictly grasping the indications of surgery, if preoperative management is conducted carefully, extended hepatic resection is a safe and feasible surgery to remove Bismuth-Corlette type Ⅲ and type Ⅳ hilar cholangiocarcinoma...
July 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
George J Webster
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) was recognized as a clinical entity, at least in the West little more than 10 years ago. Since then, studies globally, and international collaboration, have led to important advances in our understanding of its clinical features, disease course, and management, although the aetiopathogenesis of this curious disease remains to be fully elucidated. Types 1 and 2 AIP have been described, of which type 1 is the commonest form, and best defined. International consensus now recognizes it as one of the many clinical manifestations of IgG4-related disease, and is now termed IgG4-related pancreatitis (IgG4-RP)...
2016: Digestive Diseases
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