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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449390/partial-tibial-nerve-transfer-to-tibialis-anterior-for-traumatic-peroneal-nerve-palsy
#1
Scott Ferris, Simon J Maciburko
BACKGROUND: Partial tibial nerve transfer to the motor branches of tibialis anterior is an emerging reconstructive technique for the treatment of traumatic common peroneal nerve (CPN) injury; however, few papers in the literature describe clinical outcomes. METHODS: A prospective single-surgeon series of nine consecutive patients who underwent partial tibial nerve transfers to the motor branches of tibialis anterior for traumatic CPN injuries between 2008 and 2014...
April 27, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448711/-cemented-polyethylene-insert-in-a-well-fixed-total-knee-replacement-case-report
#2
F E García-Dobarganes Barlow, J Negrete-Corona, A A Díaz-Tovar
We present the case of a 94 years- old patient, which was operated 14 years ago of a right total knee replacement for osteoarthritis, actually she suffers of pain and instability; her X ray shown polyethylene wear without loosening of the metal components. The polyethylene insert is not manufactured anymore so we decided cement a new polyethylene insert on the native tibial baseplate. The two years follow up show us a patient asymptomatic, good function and no radiolucencies on the tibial component. We only found a similar case report in Madrid and we believed that this decision, taken from total hip revisions, will succeed...
September 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447314/inhibition-of-the-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-potentiates-acute-effects-of-castration-in-a-rat-model-for-prostate-cancer-growth-in-bone
#3
Annika Nordstrand, Sofia Halin Bergström, Elin Thysell, Erik Bovinder-Ylitalo, Ulf H Lerner, Anders Widmark, Anders Bergh, Pernilla Wikström
Prostate cancer (PCa) patients with bone metastases are primarily treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Less pronounced ADT effects are seen in metastases than in primary tumors. To test if acute effects of ADT was enhanced by concurrent inhibition of pro-survival insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), rats were inoculated with Dunning R3327-G tumor cells into the tibial bone marrow cavity and established tumors were treated with castration in combination with IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) inhibitor NVP-AEW541, or by each treatment alone...
April 26, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447141/the-iliotibial-band-and-anterolateral-capsule-have-a-combined-attachment-to-the-segond-fracture
#4
Marcio Albers, Humza Shaikh, Elmar Herbst, Kentaro Onishi, Kanto Nagai, Volker Musahl, Freddie H Fu
The purpose of this report was to describe the injury mechanism, surgical findings, and outcomes in a 21-year-old professional female football player who presented with a complete anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture and Segond fracture. Interview and video analysis were performed to elicit the injury mechanism. Clinical examination and imaging revealed a complete ACL tear, Segond fracture, lateral meniscus tear, MCL sprain, and posterolateral corner sprain. Examination under anaesthesia revealed Grade 2 pivot shift and varus/valgus instability...
April 26, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447139/early-patellar-dislocation-can-lead-to-tibial-tubercle-lateralization-in-rabbits
#5
Yingzhen Niu, Pengkai Cao, Chang Liu, Jinghui Niu, Xu Yang, Fei Wang
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of early patellar dislocation on the tibial tubercle location. METHODS: Sixty knees from 30 healthy 1-month-old New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into two groups of 30 knees each. Group A (control group) comprised the left knees, which underwent no surgical procedures. Group B comprised the right knees, which underwent patellar dislocation surgery. Computed tomography (flexion 0°) was performed preoperatively and 6 months post-operatively...
April 26, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447128/insufficiency-avulsion-fracture-of-the-femoral-attachment-of-the-posterior-cruciate-ligament-of-the-knee-joint
#6
Omar M Albtoush, Marius Horger
Multiple ligaments are involved in avulsion injuries of the knee joint, including both anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments; however, avulsion injury of the posterior cruciate ligament is less frequently encountered than the anterior counterpart. Furthermore, avulsion of the femoral side of the posterior cruciate ligament is far less common than the tibial one.Femoral attachment avulsion fracture of the posterior cruciate ligaments has been reported in literature in adolescents, rarely in adulthood, and never before in elderly patients, showing an inverse relationship with advancement in patient age...
April 26, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446388/medial-shoe-ground-pressure-and-specific-running-injuries-a-1-year-prospective-cohort-study
#7
René B K Brund, Sten Rasmussen, Rasmus O Nielsen, Uwe G Kersting, Uffe Laessoe, Michael Voigt
OBJECTIVES: Achilles tendinitis, plantar fasciopathy and medial tibial stress syndrome injuries (APM-injuries) account for approximately 25% of the total number of running injuries amongst recreational runners. Reports on the association between static foot pronation and APM-injuries are contradictory. Possibly, dynamic measures of pronation may display a stronger relationship with the risk of APM-injuries. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate if running distance until the first APM-injury was dependent on the foot balance during stance phase in recreational male runners...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445875/double-incision-approach-and-early-rehabilitation-in-a-complicated-bicondylar-br-tibial-plateau-fracture-a-case-report-br-br
#8
Saverio Affatato, Maurizio Montalti, Claudio Masetti, Federico Giardina, Alessandra Sudanese
OBJECTIVE: The main goal of this case was to report the treatment of bicondylar fractures of the tibial plateau and the restoration of the metaphyseo-diaphyseal dissociation. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 54-year old man who was cycling had a road accident that caused a closed fracture of the right tibial plateau and proximal fibula diagnosed by x-rays. Patient had surgical procedure and was immobilized with a long-leg splint for 4 weeks. After immobilization, aggressive rehabilitation was done...
April 26, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444758/intraoperative-use-of-a-transarticular-circular-fixator-construct-to-facilitate-reduction-and-stabilisation-of-a-proximal-tibial-physeal-fracture-in-a-dog
#9
M D Johnson, D D Lewis, M D Winter
CASE REPORT: A 4-month-old female intact American Pit Bull Terrier was presented for right pelvic limb lameness 1 day after the dog had been hit by an all-terrain vehicle. Orthogonal radiographs of the right stifle revealed a Salter-Harris type IV fracture through the proximal tibial physis extending caudodistally through the proximal tibial metaphysis. The distal tibia was markedly displaced cranially, laterally and proximally, resulting in complete overriding of the fracture segments...
May 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444438/effect-and-safety-of-early-weight-bearing-on-the-outcome-after-open-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
O-Sung Lee, Soyeon Ahn, Yong Seuk Lee
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of early weight-bearing by comparing clinical and radiological outcomes between early and traditional delayed weight-bearing after OWHTO. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A rigorous and systematic approach was used. The methodological quality was also assessed. Results that are possible to be compared in two or more than two articles were presented as forest plots...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444407/-aseptic-loosening-of-total-ankle-replacement-and-conversion-to-ankle-arthrodesis
#11
M D Wimmer, M Hettchen, M M Ploeger, B Hintermann, D C Wirtz, A Barg
OBJECTIVE: To remove loosened prosthesis components, to perform augmentation, to address osseous defects, to perform neutrally aligned ankle arthrodesis, and to achieve postoperative pain relief. INDICATIONS: Symptomatic, aseptic loosening of total ankle replacement (TAR) with/without substantial bone defect of the tibial and/or talar bone stock. CONTRAINDICATIONS: General surgical or anesthesiological risks, periprosthetic infection, local or systemic infection, nonmanageable soft tissue problems...
April 25, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444093/electrical-stimulation-attenuates-morphological-alterations-and-prevents-atrophy-of-the-denervated-cranial-tibial-muscle
#12
Cleuber Rodrigo de Souza Bueno, Mizael Pereira, Idvaldo Aparecido Favaretto, Carlos Henrique Fachin Bortoluci, Thais Caroline Pereira Dos Santos, Daniel Ventura Dias, Letícia Rossi Daré, Geraldo Marco Rosa
Objective: To investigate if electrical stimulation through Russian current is able to maintain morphology of the cranial tibial muscle of experimentally denervated rats. Methods: Thirty-six Wistar rats were divided into four groups: the Initial Control Group, Final Control Group, Experimental Denervated and Treated Group, Experimental Denervated Group. The electrostimulation was performed with a protocol of Russian current applied three times per week, for 45 days...
January 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442857/influence-of-blood-flow-on-the-neuroma-formation-after-transposition-of-the-nerve-stump-into-vein-experimental-and-clinical-study
#13
Hossam El-Din Ali Ismail, Mohamed Ali Kasem, Fatma El-Hossiney Mostafa
We study the influence of blood flow on the neuroma formation after transposition of the nerve stump into a vein. A total of 30 rats were divided into two groups. In group (I), a 10-mm segment of the femoral vein was excluded from the blood stream. A venotomy was performed in the middle of this segment. The proximal nerve stump of femoral nerve was transposed into the lumen of the femoral vein via a venotomy and held with an epineural suture through the venous wall. In group (II), the same technique was used as in group (I) but without exclusion of the vein segment from blood flow...
April 2017: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442207/tibio-talo-calcaneal-fusion-after-limb-salvage-procedures-a-retrospective-study
#14
Lukas Zak, Gerald E Wozasek
BACKGROUND: The treatment of limb threatening trauma on the distal tibia or hindfoot often results in posttraumatic osteoarthritis requiring tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) arthrodesis. The purpose of this study was to present a case series of patients undergoing various techniques of joint fusion after bone reconstruction and deformity correction as a salvage procedure. The study should help trauma surgeons making decisions in limb salvage and deformity correction in complex lower leg and foot injuries by presenting options and treatment strategies...
April 15, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441051/diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-brain-of-neurologically-normal-dogs
#15
Megan J MacLellan, Christopher P Ober, Daniel A Feeney, Carl R Jessen
OBJECTIVE To acquire MRI diffusion data (apparent diffusion coefficient [ADC] and fractional anisotropy [FA] values, including separate measures for gray and white matter) at 3.0 T for multiple locations of the brain of neurologically normal dogs. ANIMALS: 13 neurologically normal dogs recruited from a group of patients undergoing tibial plateau leveling osteotomy. PROCEDURES: MRI duration ranged from 20 to 30 minutes, including obtaining preliminary images to exclude pathological changes (T2-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery transverse and dorsal images) and diffusion-weighted images...
May 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439705/cementless-oxford-medial-unicompartimental-knee-replacement-an-independent-series-with-a-5-year-follow-up
#16
Benjamin Panzram, Ines Bertlich, Tobias Reiner, Tilman Walker, Sébastien Hagmann, Tobias Gotterbarm
PURPOSE: Cemented unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) has proven excellent long-term survival rates and functional scores in Price et al. (Clin Orthop Relat Res 435:171-180, 2005), Price and Svard (Clin Orthop Relat Res 469(1):174-179, 2011) and Murray et al. (Bone Joint Surg Br 80(6):983-989, 1998). The main causes for revision, aseptic loosening and pain of unknown origin might be addressed by cementless UKR in Liddle et al. (Bone Joint J 95-B(2):181-187, 2013), Pandit et al. (J Bone Joint Surg Am 95(15):1365-1372, 2013), National Joint Registry for England, Wales and Northern Ireland: 10th Annual Report 2013 ( http://www...
April 24, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439701/the-influence-of-different-sets-of-surgical-instrumentation-in-oxford-uka-on-bearing-size-and-component-position
#17
Tilman Walker, Pascal Heinemann, Thomas Bruckner, Marcus R Streit, Stefan Kinkel, Tobias Gotterbarm
INTRODUCTION: The Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (OUKA) has been proven to be an effective treatment for anteromedial osteoarthritis of the knee joint. New instrumentation has been introduced to improve the reproducibility of implant positioning and to minimize bone loss during tibial resection (Oxford Microplasty; Zimmer Biomet, Warsaw, Indiana, USA). METHODS: To assess the effect of the new instrumentation, we retrospectively evaluated the postoperative radiographs and surgical records of 300 OUKAs in three consecutive cohorts of patients...
April 24, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439675/a-pilot-study-assessing-the-efficacy-of-posterior-tibial-nerve-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-low-anterior-resection-syndrome
#18
V Vigorita, S Rausei, P Troncoso Pereira, I Trostchansky, A Ruano Poblador, E Moncada Iribarren, C Facal Alvarez, A de San Ildefonso Pereira, E Casal Núñez
BACKGROUND: Low anterior resection for rectal cancer often results in severe bowel dysfunction, specifically low anterior resection syndrome (LARS), with symptoms such as incontinence, urgency, and frequent bowel movements. Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) resulted in a high rate of success in patients with fecal incontinence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment with PTNS in LARS and to identify predictors of the outcome of the technique. METHODS: The study was conducted from May 2012 to April 2015 at the Alvaro Cunqueiro Hospital, University Hospital Complex of Vigo, Spain...
April 24, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439649/differences-in-tibial-subchondral-bone-structure-evaluated-using-plain-radiographs-between-knees-with-and-without-cartilage-damage-or-bone-marrow-lesions-the-oulu-knee-osteoarthritis-study
#19
Jukka Hirvasniemi, Jérôme Thevenot, Ali Guermazi, Jana Podlipská, Frank W Roemer, Miika T Nieminen, Simo Saarakkala
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether subchondral bone structure from plain radiographs is different between subjects with and without articular cartilage damage or bone marrow lesions (BMLs). METHODS: Radiography-based bone structure was assessed from 80 subjects with different stages of knee osteoarthritis using entropy of Laplacian-based image (ELap) and local binary patterns (ELBP), homogeneity index of local angles (HIAngles,mean), and horizontal (FDHor) and vertical fractal dimensions (FDVer)...
April 24, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439637/tibiofemoral-rotational-alignment-affects-flexion-angles-in-navigated-posterior-stabilized-total-knee-arthroplasty
#20
Kazunari Ishida, Nao Shibanuma, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Akihiko Toda, Shinya Oka, Kazuki Kodato, Koji Takayama, Masahiro Kurosaka, Ryosuke Kuroda
PURPOSE: To investigate the tibiofemoral rotational profiles during navigated posterior-stabilized (PS) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and investigate the effect on post-operative maximum flexion angles. METHODS: Twenty-five subjects, treated with navigated PS TKA, were enrolled, and the effect of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) resection and component implantation on tibiofemoral rotational kinematics was statistically evaluated. Then, the effect of rotational alignment changes on the post-operative maximum angles was retrospectively examined in 96 subjects using the multiple regression analysis...
April 24, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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