keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Low income cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633673/the-influence-of-total-hysterectomy-in-a-cervical-cancer-screening-population-a-register-based-cross-sectional-study
#1
Mette Bach Larsen, Ellen M Mikkelsen, Ulla Jeppesen, Hans Svanholm, Berit Andersen
BACKGROUND: High coverage of a screening program is essential to program success. Many European screening programs cover only 10-80% of their target population. A possible explanation for the low coverage may be that some women in the screening population have had a total hysterectomy, thus they are not at risk of cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of hysterectomy in the target population of the Danish National Cervical Cancer Screening Program (NCCSP) and to recalculate coverage after excluding women with total hysterectomy...
June 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630806/prevalence-and-barriers-to-lung-cancer-screening-in-karachi-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-smokers-and-physicians
#2
Aleeza Abbasi, Rabbia Siddiqi, Aatika Owais, Tooba Laeeq, Sara N Ali, Zonaira Mushahid, Syed M Ahsan, Aliya S Jatoi, Aleena Abbasi, Ifrah Butt, Ruba Ali, Maham Abbasi, Syeda Naintara N Jaffri, Mariam Jabir, Hajra Khanani, Kaneez Fatima
BACKGROUND: Early detection of lung cancer using low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) can potentially reduce morbidity and mortality. However, LDCT for lung cancer screening, especially in low income countries, has been underutilized. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and the potential personal, social, and economic barriers of lung cancer screening using LDCT. METHODS: A total sample of 156 smokers and 200 general physicians was collected during December 2016-February 2017 from community settings in Karachi, Pakistan...
May 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629424/evaluation-of-the-international-standardized-24-h-dietary-recall-methodology-globodiet-for-potential-application-in-research-and-surveillance-within-african-settings
#3
Elom Kouassivi Aglago, Edwige Landais, Geneviève Nicolas, Barrie Margetts, Catherine Leclercq, Pauline Allemand, Olaide Aderibigbe, Victoire Damienne Agueh, Paul Amuna, George Amponsah Annor, Jalila El Ati, Jennifer Coates, Brooke Colaiezzi, Ella Compaore, Hélène Delisle, Mieke Faber, Robert Fungo, Inocent Gouado, Asmaa El Hamdouchi, Waliou Amoussa Hounkpatin, Amoin Georgette Konan, Saloua Labzizi, James Ledo, Carol Mahachi, Segametsi Ditshebo Maruapula, Nonsikelelo Mathe, Muniirah Mbabazi, Mandy Wilja Mirembe, Carmelle Mizéhoun-Adissoda, Clement Diby Nzi, Pedro Terrence Pisa, Karima El Rhazi, Francis Zotor, Nadia Slimani
BACKGROUND: Collection of reliable and comparable individual food consumption data is of primary importance to better understand, control and monitor malnutrition and its related comorbidities in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), including in Africa. The lack of standardised dietary tools and their related research support infrastructure remains a major obstacle to implement concerted and region-specific research and action plans worldwide. Citing the magnitude and importance of this challenge, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/WHO) launched the "Global Nutrition Surveillance initiative" to pilot test the use of a standardized 24-h dietary recall research tool (GloboDiet), validated in Europe, in other regions...
June 19, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608796/the-natural-history-of-oral-human-papillomavirus-in-young-costa-rican-women
#4
Daniel C Beachler, Krystle A Lang Kuhs, Linda Struijk, John Schussler, Rolando Herrero, Carolina Porras, Allan Hildesheim, Bernal Cortes, Joshua Sampson, Wim Quint, Paula Gonzalez, Aimée R Kreimer
BACKGROUND: Oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and related oropharyngeal cancer are uncommon in lower-income countries, particularly compared to HPV-associated cervical cancer. However, little is known about the natural history of oral HPV in less-developed settings and how it compares to the natural history of cervical HPV. METHODS: Three hundred fifty women aged 22 to 33 years from the Costa Rica Vaccine Trial provided exfoliated cells from the cervical and oral regions at 2 visits 2 years apart...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608758/a-systematic-narrative-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-behavioural-smoking-cessation-interventions-in-selected-disadvantaged-groups-2010-2017
#5
Amanda Wilson, Ashleigh Guillaumier, Johnson George, Alexandra Denham, Billie Bonevski
Tobacco remains the key modifiable risk factor for the development of a number of diseases, including cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, lower respiratory infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, tuberculosis and cancer. Among priority populations, smoking prevalence remains high, smokers tend to relapse more often and earlier and fewer are able to sustain quit attempts. This systematic review provides an update on the literature. Areas covered: Twenty-four randomized controlled trials published from 2010-2017, in English language, were identified after searching on Medline, Ovid, Embase and PsycINFO databases...
June 21, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602495/effects-of-socioeconomic-status-on-children-with-well-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#6
Evan F Garner, Ilan I Maizlin, Matthew B Dellinger, Kenneth W Gow, Melanie Goldfarb, Adam B Goldin, John J Doski, Monica Langer, Jed G Nuchtern, Sanjeev A Vasudevan, Mehul V Raval, Elizabeth A Beierle
BACKGROUND: Well-differentiated thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy in children. Adult literature has demonstrated socioeconomic disparities in patients undergoing thyroidectomy, but the effects of socioeconomic status on the management of pediatric well-differentiated thyroid cancer remains poorly understood. METHODS: Patients ≤21 years of age with well-differentiated thyroid cancer remains were reviewed from the National Cancer Data Base...
June 8, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599352/haematological-cancers-in-african-children-progress-and-challenges
#7
REVIEW
Elizabeth Molyneux, Trish Scanlan, George Chagaluka, Lorna Renner
Cancer is increasingly important in low and middle-income settings where infectious diseases are declining. Childhood cancers treated in well-resourced centres have excellent outcomes with more than 80% survival. This success is not reflected in low-income settings where challenges involve every step on the care pathway. Access to diagnosis, delayed presentation, advanced disease, co-morbidities and underlying malnutrition make treatment difficult. Treatments are costly for impoverished families. Yet, the common haematological malignancies (Burkitt lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, non Hodgkin lymphoma) are relatively easy to diagnose and, when managed with simple chemotherapy protocols, give limited but good results...
June 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599340/2016-president-s-plenary-international-psycho-oncology-society-challenges-and-opportunities-for-growing-and-developing-psychosocial-oncology-programmes-worldwide
#8
Luzia Travado, Barry D Bultz, Andreas Ullrich, Chioma C Asuzu, Jane Turner, Luigi Grassi, Paul Jacobsen
Consistent with the International Psycho-Oncology Society's (IPOS) vision and goals, we are committed to improving quality cancer care and cancer policies through psychosocial care globally. As part of IPOS's mission, upon entering "Official Relations" for a second term with the World Health Organisation (WHO), IPOS has dedicated much attention to reaching out to countries, which lack formalized psychosocial care programs. One of IPOS's strategies to accomplish this goal has been to bring psycho-oncology training programs to low and middle income countries and regions...
June 9, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598592/hospitalization-rate-and-costs-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-of-childhood-in-a-low-income-group-financial-impact-in-northeast-mexico
#9
José Carlos Jaime-Pérez, Lucía Teresa Fernández, Raúl Alberto Jiménez-Castillo, Julia Esther Colunga-Pedraza, José Ramón Padilla-Medina, Consuelo Mancías-Guerra, David Gómez-Almaguer
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is one of the main and most expensive and prolonged causes of hospitalization for childhood cancer. We describe the hospitalization rate and its costs for an open population with ALL in a low-middle income country. PROCEDURE: We retrospectively analyzed 449 hospital admissions for 101 pediatric patients with ALL over 8 years. Clinical files and electronic databases were scrutinized to document causes, duration, readmission rate, costs, and outcome of each admission...
June 9, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597853/depression-and-physical-noncommunicable-diseases-the-need-for-an-integrated-approach
#10
Nazneen Anwar, Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Yatan Pal Singh Balhara
Depression is globally the third-leading cause of disability in terms of disability-adjusted life-years. Depression in patients with diseases such as cancer, diabetes mellitus, stroke or cardiovascular disease is 2-4-fold more prevalent than in people who do not have physical noncommunicable diseases, and may have a more prolonged course. The significant burden due to depression that is comorbid with chronic physical disease, coupled with limited resources, makes it a major public health challenge for low- and middle-income countries...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595454/predictors-of-adults-knowledge-and-awareness-of-hpv-hpv-associated-cancers-and-the-hpv-vaccine-implications-for-health-education
#11
Kimberly R McBride, Shipra Singh
High human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence and low HPV vaccine uptake are significant public health concerns. Disparities in HPV-associated cancers and HPV vaccine uptake rates suggest the need for additional research examining factors associated with vaccine acceptance. This study assessed HPV awareness and knowledge and identified sociodemographic characteristics associated with HPV knowledge at the population level. Data from adult men ( n = 1,197) and women ( n = 1,906) who participated in the National Cancer Institute's 2014 Health Information National Trends Survey were analyzed...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578307/a-15-year-old-nepali-boy-with-metastasised-colorectal-cancer
#12
Chloe Pinto, Zvi Howard Perry
Nepal suffers from vast inequalities in modern healthcare. The low-income country wrestles with far-reaching insufficiencies in minimal preventative medicine, health awareness, limited infrastructure and difficult topography-all of which contribute to poor access and poor care-seeking behaviour. Our patient came from rural Nepal, where primary healthcare outposts are frequently understaffed and underequipped. He received supportive treatment in his village from the time symptoms presented until he was diagnosed 2 years later, at a tertiary medical centre, with colorectal cancer...
June 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572260/breast-cancer-disparities-at-home-and-abroad-a-review-of-the-challenges-and-opportunities-for-system-level-change
#13
EDITORIAL
Katherine E Reeder-Hayes, Benjamin O Anderson
Sizeable disparities exist in breast cancer outcomes, both between Black and White patients in the United States, and between patients in the United States and other high-income countries compared with low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). In both settings, health system factors are key drivers of disparities. In the United States, Black women are more likely to die of breast cancer than Whites and have poorer outcomes, even among patients with similar stage and tumor subtype. Over-representation of higher risk "triple-negative" breast cancers contributes to breast cancer mortality in Black women; however, the greatest survival disparities occur within the good-prognosis hormone receptor-positive (HR(+)) subtypes...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566227/boosted-protease-inhibitor-monotherapy-versus-boosted-protease-inhibitor-plus-lamivudine-dual-therapy-as-second-line-maintenance-treatment-for-hiv-1-infected-patients-in-sub-saharan-africa-anrs12-286-mobidip-a-multicentre-randomised-parallel-open-label-superiority
#14
Laura Ciaffi, Sinata Koulla-Shiro, Adrien Bruno Sawadogo, Cheik Tidiane Ndour, Sabrina Eymard-Duvernay, Pretty Rosereine Mbouyap, Liliane Ayangma, Jacques Zoungrana, Ndeye Fatou Ngom Gueye, Mohamadou Diallo, Suzanne Izard, Guillaume Bado, Coumba Toure Kane, Avelin Fobang Aghokeng, Martine Peeters, Pierre Marie Girard, Vincent Le Moing, Jacques Reynes, Eric Delaporte
BACKGROUND: Despite satisfactory efficacy of WHO-recommended second-line antiretroviral treatment for patients with HIV in low-income countries, the need for simplified, low-cost, and less-toxic maintenance strategies remains high. We compared boosted protease inhibitor monotherapy with dual therapy with boosted protease inhibitor plus lamivudine in patients on second-line antiretrovial therapy (ART). METHODS: We did a multicentre, randomised, parallel, open-label, superiority, trial in the HIV services of five hospitals in sub-Saharan Africa (Yaoundé, Cameroon; Dakar, Senegal; and Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso)...
May 26, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561680/thinking-differently-in-global-health-in-oncology-using-a-diagonal-approach-harnessing-similarities-improving-education-and-empowering-an-alternative-oncology-workforce
#15
Natalia M Rodriguez, Jeannine M Brant, Dinesh Pendharkar, Hector Arreola-Ornelas, Afsan Bhadelia, Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Felicia M Knaul
Cancer is a leading global cause of death, and diverse and minority populations suffer worse outcomes compared with white people from Western societies. Within the United States, African Americans and other blacks, Hispanics, Asians, and American Indians have lower cancer survival rates than whites. In the rest of the world, those from low- and middle-income countries have the greatest disparities, but even those from non-Western high-income countries such as Oman and the United Arab Emirates are diagnosed with cancer at later stages and suffer increased mortality...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561679/biomarker-testing-for-personalized-therapy-in-lung-cancer-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#16
Fred R Hirsch, Bojan Zaric, Ahmed Rabea, Sumitra Thongprasert, Nirush Lertprasertsuke, Mercedes Liliana Dalurzo, Marileila Varella-Garcia
There have been many important advances in personalized therapy for patients with lung cancer, particularly for those with advanced disease. Molecular testing is crucial for implementation of personalized therapy. Although the United States and many Western countries have come far in the implementation of personalized therapy for lung cancer, there are substantial challenges for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Globally, the LMICs display great heterogeneity in the pattern of implementation of molecular testing and targeted therapy...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561641/global-health-initiatives-of-the-international-oncology-community
#17
Sana Al-Sukhun, Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Mary Gospodarowicz, Ophira Ginsburg, Peter Paul Yu
Cancer has become one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where 60% of the world's total new cases are diagnosed. The challenge for effective control of cancer is multifaceted. It mandates integration of effective cancer prevention, encouraging early detection, and utilization of resource-adapted therapeutic and supportive interventions. In the resource-constrained setting, it becomes challenging to deliver each service optimally, and efficient allocation of resources is the best way to improve the outcome...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545057/characteristics-and-predictors-of-oral-cancer-knowledge-in-a-predominantly-african-american-community
#18
Nosayaba Osazuwa-Peters, Eric Adjei Boakye, Adnan S Hussaini, Nanthiya Sujijantarat, Rajan N Ganesh, Matthew Snider, Devin Thompson, Mark A Varvares
PURPOSE: To characterize smoking and alcohol use, and to describe predictors of oral cancer knowledge among a predominantly African-American population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between September, 2013 among drag racers and fans in East St. Louis. Oral cancer knowledge was derived from combining questionnaire items to form knowledge score. Covariates examined included age, sex, race, marital status, education status, income level, insurance status, tobacco and alcohol use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544162/benzimidazole-scaffold-as-anticancer-agent-synthetic-approaches-and-structure-activity-relationship
#19
REVIEW
Neelima Shrivastava, Mohd Javed Naim, Md Jahangir Alam, Farah Nawaz, Shujauddin Ahmed, Ozair Alam
Cancer, also known as malignant neoplasm, is a dreadful disease which involves abnormal cell growth having the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Benzimidazole is an organic compound that is heterocyclic and aromatic in nature. It is a bicyclic compound formed by the fusion of the benzene and imidazole ring systems. It is an important pharmacophore and a privileged structure in medicinal chemistry. According to the World Health Organisation (2015 survey), one in six deaths is due to cancer around the globe, accounting for 8...
June 2017: Archiv der Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537960/the-aca-and-cancer-screening-and-diagnosis
#20
Lindsay M Sabik, Georges Adunlin
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) included multiple provisions expected to increase cancer screening and subsequently early diagnosis of cancer. Key provisions included new coverage options for low-income adults and young adults, as well as elimination of cost sharing for recommended preventive services across most health insurance plans. This article reviews relevant quantitative studies published since the ACA's passage to assess whether the goal of increasing access to preventive services has been met...
May 2017: Cancer Journal
keyword
keyword
17867
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"