keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Low income cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906448/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-multicomponent-targeted-low-literacy-educational-intervention-compared-with-a-nontargeted-intervention-to-boost-colorectal-cancer-screening-with-fecal-immunochemical-testing-in-community-clinics
#1
Stacy N Davis, Shannon M Christy, Enmanuel A Chavarria, Rania Abdulla, Steven K Sutton, Alyssa R Schmidt, Susan T Vadaparampil, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Vani N Simmons, Chukwudi B Ufondu, Chitra Ravindra, Ida Schultz, Richard G Roetzheim, David Shibata, Cathy D Meade, Clement K Gwede
BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to improve colorectal cancer (CRC) screening uptake with the fecal immunochemical test (FIT). The current study investigated the differential impact of a multicomponent, targeted, low-literacy educational intervention compared with a standard, nontargeted educational intervention. METHODS: Patients aged 50 to 75 years who were of average CRC risk and not up-to-date with CRC screening were recruited from either a federally qualified health center or a primary care community health clinic...
December 1, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905680/the-burden-of-childhood-cancer-in-mexico-implications-for-low-and-middle-income-countries
#2
REVIEW
Roberto Rivera-Luna, Marta Zapata-Tarres, Jaime Shalkow-Klincovstein, Liliana Velasco-Hidalgo, Alberto Olaya-Vargas, Nicole Finkelstein-Mizrahi, Rocío Cárdenas-Cardós, Marco R Aguilar-Ortiz
In Mexico, childhood cancer incidence and mortality have increased in the last decade. Through government actions since 2005, the Popular Medical Insurance (PMI) program for childhood cancer was created. The objective of PMI was to offer early cancer diagnosis, standardized treatment regimens, and numerous pediatric oncology residency programs. It has also accredited 55 national hospitals for the care of these children. Current problems still present under the PMI include shortage of pediatric oncologists and nurses and high rate of abandonment of treatment...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897060/potential-for-adaptive-dose-escalation-in-radiotherapy-for-patients-with-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-a-low-mid-income-setting
#3
Sushma Agrawal, Sunil Kumar, Anil Kumar Maurya
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of tumour volume regression on adaptive treatment planning, reduction in doses to organs at risk (OAR) and dose escalation. METHODS: 20 patients undergoing radical chemoradiotherapy were imaged in fifth week of radiotherapy (CT_45) to evaluate differences in tumour volume regression between concurrent (CONC) and sequential chemoradiotherapy (SEQ). Replanning was done on CT_45 in those with >20% regression (n=10) and evaluated for change in target coverage indices (coverage index [CI], external volume index [EI]) and doses to OAR [mean lung dose, V20 and V5 of whole and ipsilateral lung (MLDWL, V20WL, V5WL, MLDIL, V20IL, V5IL), mean esophagus dose, V50 esophagus and maximum spinal cord doses]...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895703/changing-patterns-of-lung-liver-and-head-and-neck-non-aids-defining-cancers-relative-to-hiv-status-in-tanzania-between-2002-2014
#4
Julee A Campbell, Amr S Soliman, Crispin Kahesa, Sioban D Harlow, Diwani Msemo
BACKGROUND: Tanzania, like other low-income countries, has an increasing cancer burden that remains underestimated. Infection-associated malignancies, particularly HIV-infection, represent a great proportion of cancer burden in Tanzania and throughout Africa. Availability of HIV treatment and improved survival of HIV patients are suggested factors related to increasing prevalence of non-AIDS-defining cancers (NADCs). This study examined patterns of NADCs and proportions of HIV-positivity at the Ocean Road Cancer Institute (ORCI)...
2016: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894048/real-world-patterns-of-care-in-her2-overexpressing-breast-cancer-results-of-a-survey-of-teach-clinical-trial-investigators-in-2011
#5
Y Chavarri-Guerra, J St Louis, A Bukowski, E Soto-Perez-de-Celis, P E R Liedke, H Symecko, B Moy, M Higgins, D M Finkelstein, P E Goss
BACKGROUND: HER2-overexpressing breast cancer (BC) is common among young patients and poses a public health burden. Adjuvant anti-HER2/neu therapy with trastuzumab reduces the risk of recurrence and improves survival. METHODS: A web-based survey was sent to 386 physicians of the "TEACH" trial in 2011 to determine access to HER2/neu testing and treatment patterns for HER2-overexpressing BC. RESULTS: There were 151 responders (39%) from 28 countries...
November 25, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888471/the-role-of-incarceration-and-reentry-on-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-formerly-incarcerated-black-and-hispanic-latino-men-in-new-york-city
#6
Anibal Cortes, Cristina Villagra, Suky Martinez, Vir Patel, Lina Jandorf
In the USA, the rate of incarceration has steadily increased from 1980 to 2010, a period called mass incarceration. Incarcerated individuals are now leaving the jail system in large numbers, the majority of whom are returning to low-income and Black and Hispanic-Latino communities. Although highly preventable, colorectal cancer (CRC) is a significant risk for minority and underserved men over the age of 50. Black men have the highest CRC incidence and mortality rates, which can be prevented and treated effectively when detected early, especially via colonoscopy...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888090/rationale-and-design-of-mi-care-the-mile-square-colorectal-cancer-screening-awareness-and-referral-and-education-project
#7
Joanna Buscemi, Yazmin San Miguel, Lisa Tussing-Humphreys, Elizabeth A Watts, Marian L Fitzgibbon, Karriem Watson, Robert A Winn, Kameron L Matthews, Yamile Molina
Although colorectal cancer (CRC) is largely preventable through identification of pre-cancerous polyps through various screening modalities, morbidity and mortality rates remain a challenge, especially in African-American, Latino, low-income and uninsured/underinsured patients. Barriers to screening include cost, access to health care facilities, lack of recommendation to screen, and psychosocial factors such as embarrassment, fear of the test, anxiety about testing preparation and fear of a cancer diagnosis...
November 22, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887750/chronic-kidney-disease
#8
REVIEW
Angela C Webster, Evi V Nagler, Rachael L Morton, Philip Masson
The definition and classification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) have evolved over time, but current international guidelines define this condition as decreased kidney function shown by glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of less than 60 mL/min per 1·73 m(2), or markers of kidney damage, or both, of at least 3 months duration, regardless of the underlying cause. Diabetes and hypertension are the main causes of CKD in all high-income and middle-income countries, and also in many low-income countries. Incidence, prevalence, and progression of CKD also vary within countries by ethnicity and social determinants of health, possibly through epigenetic influence...
November 22, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881528/life-course-socioeconomic-status-and-breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-analysis-of-the-who-s-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage
#9
Tomi Akinyemiju, Kemi Ogunsina, Swati Sakhuja, Valentine Ogbhodo, Dejana Braithwaite
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic differences in screening have been well documented in upper-income countries; however, few studies have examined socioeconomic status (SES) over the life-course in relation to cancer screening in lower-income and middle-income countries. Here, we examine individual, parental and life-course SES differences in breast and cervical cancer screening among women in India, China, Mexico, Russia and South Africa. SETTING: Data from the WHO's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) 2007-2008 data were used for survey-weighted multivariable regression analysis...
November 22, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875557/socioeconomic-status-and-poor-health-outcome-at-10-years-of-follow-up-in-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#10
Steven Shea, Joao Lima, Ana Diez-Roux, Neal W Jorgensen, Robyn L McClelland
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Predictors of healthy aging have not been well-studied using longitudinal data with demographic, clinical, subclinical, and genetic information. The objective was to identify predictors of poor health outcome at 10 years of follow-up in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Population-based sample from 6 U.S. communities. PARTICIPANTS: 4,355 participants In the MESA Study...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874318/a-study-with-bangladeshi-women-seeking-care-for-breast-health
#11
Farah Ahmad, Syeda F Kabir, Nabila Purno, Samia Islam, Ophira Ginsburg
In many low- and middle-income countries breast cancer survival is low. Reasons for this are multifactorial, but delayed presentation for care is a common theme. In this survey study with 100 urban Bangladeshi women, we examined the role of socioeconomic and sociocultural factors on their likelihood to seek breast care from a family physician. In our multivariate model, a woman's age and education significantly predicted her likelihood to see a physician. Sociocultural aspects (e.g. concerns about time commitment of family members and personal household obligations) were significant at bivariate level...
November 22, 2016: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861370/preferences-of-german-melanoma-patients-for-interferon-ifn-%C3%AE-2b-toxicities-the-decog-germelatox-survey-versus-melanoma-recurrence-to-quantify-patients-relative-values-for-adjuvant-therapy
#12
Katharina C Kaehler, Christine Blome, Andrea Forschner, Ralf Gutzmer, Thomas Haalck, Lucie Heinzerling, Thomas Kornek, Elisabeth Livingstone, Carmen Loquai, Lara Valeska Maul, Berenice M Lang, Dirk Schadendorf, Barbara Stade, Patrick Terheyden, Jochen Utikal, Tobias Wagner, Axel Hauschild, Claus Garbe, Matthias Augustin
Currently interferon alfa-2b (IFNα-2b) is an approved adjuvant drug for high-risk melanoma patients that leads to an improvement in disease-free survival (DFS). However, it is unclear whether it also impacts overall survival. Widespread use of adjuvant high-dose IFNα has been tempered by its significant toxicity and its limited efficacy. Current therapeutic strategies like immune checkpoint blockade or targeted therapy may also be useful in the adjuvant setting. Therefore, it is important to weigh the trade-offs between possible side effects and therapeutic benefit...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860223/validation-of-risk-stratification-for-children-with-febrile-neutropenia-in-a-pediatric-oncology-unit-in-india
#13
Anirban Das, Amita Trehan, Sapna Oberoi, Deepak Bansal
PURPOSE: The study aims to validate a score predicting risk of complications in pediatric patients with chemotherapy-related febrile neutropenia (FN) and evaluate the performance of previously published models for risk stratification. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Children diagnosed with cancer and presenting with FN were evaluated in a prospective single-center study. A score predicting the risk of complications, previously derived in the unit, was validated on a prospective cohort...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858522/hpv-vaccine-related-knowledge-beliefs-acceptability-and-uptake-among-latinas-who-prefer-english-and-those-who-prefer-spanish
#14
Kimlin Tam Ashing, Noé Rubén Chávez, Mayra Serrano
Latinas compose almost 10% of the U.S. population and suffer the highest incidence of and one of the highest mortality rates from cervical cancer. Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination can prevent most HPV infections that cause more than 90% of cervical cancer. Unfortunately, limited knowledge and low rates of HPV vaccination persist among Latinas. The current study compared awareness, knowledge, beliefs, acceptability, uptake, and 3-dose series completion of HPV vaccination between Latinas who prefer English (EPL) and those who prefer Spanish (SPL), ages 18-62, living in Southern California...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855871/stage-at-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Elima Jedy-Agba, Valerie McCormack, Clement Adebamowo, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva
BACKGROUND: The incidence of breast cancer in sub-Saharan Africa is relatively low, but as survival from the disease in the region is poor, mortality rates are as high as in high-income countries. Stage at diagnosis is a major contributing factor to poor survival from breast cancer. We aimed to do a systematic review and meta-analysis on stage at diagnosis of breast cancer in sub-Saharan Africa to examine trends over time, and investigate sources of variations across the region. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Knowledge, and Africa-Wide Information to identify studies on breast cancer stage at diagnosis in sub-Saharan African women published before Jan 1, 2014, and in any language...
December 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855143/trends-in-obesity-among-participants-aged-2-4-years-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-united-states-2000-2014
#16
Liping Pan, David S Freedman, Andrea J Sharma, Karen Castellanos-Brown, Sohyun Park, Ray B Smith, Heidi M Blanck
Childhood obesity is associated with negative health consequences in childhood (1) that continue into adulthood (2), putting adults at risk for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain cancers (1). Obesity disproportionately affects children from low-income families (3). Through a collaboration with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), CDC has begun to use data from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Participants and Program Characteristics (WIC PC) to replace the Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System (PedNSS) (4,5) for obesity surveillance among young children from low-income families...
November 18, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849632/malignancies-in-women-with-hiv-infection
#17
Nora T Oliver, Elizabeth Y Chiao
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review current knowledge of different cancer states affecting women with HIV infection. RECENT FINDINGS: With improved survival of persons with HIV in the post-cART era, the landscape of malignancies in this population has greatly changed with fewer AIDS-defining malignancies (ADM) and a growing number of non-AIDS defining malignancies (NADM). Women, however, continue to represent a vulnerable population at risk for certain ADM and NADM such as cervical, anal, and breast cancer...
January 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848049/cancer-research-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-consortiums-implementation-science-and-healthcare-delivery
#18
EDITORIAL
Benjamin O Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844223/untreated-head-and-neck-cancer-in-korea-a-national-cohort-study
#19
Hyo Geun Choi, Bumjung Park, Soon-Hyun Ahn
Few studies have analyzed the survival of patients with untreated head and neck cancer. The objective of this study is to assess the survival rates of untreated head and neck cancer patients and to determine why the patients were not treated. Using data from a national patient sample cohort (1,025,340 cases) from the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, 605 patients with diagnoses of head and neck cancer (lip and oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and laryngeal cancer) between 2003 and 2013 were evaluated...
November 14, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843163/essential-medicines-for-cancer-who-recommendations-and-national-priorities
#20
Jane Robertson, Ronald Barr, Lawrence N Shulman, Gilles B Forte, Nicola Magrini
OBJECTIVE: To examine, for essential anti-cancer medicines, the alignment of national lists of essential medicines and national reimbursable medicines lists with the World Health Organization's (WHO's) Model Lists. METHODS: National medicine lists for 135 countries with per-capita gross national incomes below 25 000 United States dollars in 2015 were compared with WHO's 2013 and 2015 Model Lists of Essential Medicines. Correlations between numbers of anti-cancer medicines included in national lists and gross national income (GNI), government health expenditure and number of physicians per 1000 population were evaluated...
October 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
keyword
keyword
17867
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"