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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036489/training-community-health-workers-to-promote-breast-cancer-screening-in-brazil
#1
Lorna Bittencourt, Isabel C Scarinci
Although it has been show that early detection through mammograms is the most effective way to reduce breast cancer mortality, breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women worldwide with survival rates being even lower in low- and middle-income countries as compared to high-income countries. Despite the availability of breast cancer screening programs in Brazil through the public health system, some women do not participate in these programs due to structural and/or inter/intrapersonal barriers...
September 26, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033239/socioeconomic-factors-health-behavior-and-late-stage-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer-considering-the-impact-of-delay-in-diagnosis
#2
Mostafa Dianatinasab, Mohammad Mohammadianpanah, Nima Daneshi, Mohammad Zare-Bandamiri, Abbas Rezaeianzadeh, Mohammad Fararouei
BACKGROUND: Stage of cancer at diagnosis is one of the most important factors in patient prognosis. By controlling for diagnostic delay, this study aimed to identify factors associated with late-stage breast cancer (BC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From November 2014 to January 2017, required information on 497 patients who were newly diagnosed with BC was obtained from patients' medical records. Logistic regression was used to measure the association between cancer stage and study variables...
September 19, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030150/sociodemographic-socioeconomic-and-clinical-determinants-of-survival-in-patients-with-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-focused-on-the-elderly
#3
REVIEW
Angéline Galvin, Fleur Delva, Catherine Helmer, Muriel Rainfray, Carine Bellera, Virginie Rondeau, Pierre Soubeyran, Gaëlle Coureau, Simone Mathoulin-Pélissier
Studies on cancer survival have revealed disparities not only between the elderly and their younger counterparts, but also among the elderly themselves. The aim of this work was to identify sociodemographic, socioeconomic, clinical, and care-related determinants of survival or mortality in older patients with cancer by a systematic synthesis of the literature. Understanding these factors is of great value for guiding health policies and programs aimed at reducing cancer survival disparities. We conducted a search of MEDLINE and SCOPUS databases under PRISMA guidelines...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026997/a-systematic-review-of-integrative-clinical-trials-for-supportive-care-in-pediatric-oncology-a-report-from-the-international-society-of-pediatric-oncology-t-cm-collaborative
#4
REVIEW
Andrea L Radossi, Katherine Taromina, Stacey Marjerrison, Caroline J Diorio, Raquel Similio, Festus Njuguna, Glenn M Afungchwi, Elena J Ladas
PURPOSE: Traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) use in children with cancer is well established among high-income, upper middle-income, low-middle-income, and low-income countries (HIC, UMIC, LMIC, LIC, respectively). In HIC, a developing body of evidence exists for several T&CM therapies; however, evidence in other income settings is less well described despite a significantly higher use when compared to reports from HIC. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence for T&CM for a variety of supportive care indications among children with cancer...
October 13, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025447/enough-is-not-enough-medical-students-knowledge-of-early-warning-signs-of-childhood-cancer
#5
Jennifer Ann Geel, Brent T Stevenson, Rebecca B Jennings, Lisa E Krook, Sinead J Winnan, Bracha T Katz, T J Fox, Lukhanyo Nyati
BACKGROUND: The reported incidence of childhood cancer in upper-middle-income South Africa (SA) is much lower than in high-income countries, partly due to under-diagnosis and under-reporting. Documented survival rates are disturbingly low, prompting an analysis of potential factors that may be responsible. OBJECTIVES: To determine final-year medical students' level of knowledge of early warning signs of childhood cancer and whether a correlation existed between test scores and participants' age, gender and previous exposure to a person with cancer...
June 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991597/protective-factors-of-demoralization-among-cancer-patients-in-taiwan-an-age-matched-and-gender-matched-study
#6
Yu-Chi Li, Chung-Han Ho, Hsiu-Hung Wang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the protective factors of demoralization in cancer patients via investigation of cancer patients' demographic and disease characteristics. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. We used a structured questionnaire, which contained items on demographic and disease characteristics, as well as the Demoralization Scale Mandarin Version (DS-MV), with a cutoff of 30 or more indicating high demoralization. Data were analyzed with age-matched and gender-matched conditional logistic regression analysis...
September 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982874/impact-of-calgb-9343-trial-and-sociodemographic-variation-on-patterns-of-adjuvant-radiation-therapy-practice-for-elderly-women-%C3%A2-70-years-with-stage-i-estrogen-receptor-positive-breast-cancer-analysis-of-the-national-cancer-data-base
#7
Quyen D Chu, Meijiao Zhou, Kaelen L Medeiros, Prakash Peddi, Xiao Cheng Wu
BACKGROUND: The Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) 9343 trial demonstrated that adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) can be omitted in women 70 years or older, with small (≤2 cm), negative lymph nodes, estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. We examined whether RT usage following the CALGB publication had decreased over time and evaluated sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with RT omission. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From the National Cancer Data Base, we analyzed a cohort of 120,308 women aged 70 years or older with stage I, ER-positive breast cancer who underwent lumpectomy...
October 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982833/stepwise-strategy-to-improve-cervical-cancer-screening-adherence-scan-cc-automated-text-messages-phone-calls-and-face-to-face-interviews-protocol-of-a-population-based-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
João Firmino-Machado, Romeu Mendes, Amélia Moreira, Nuno Lunet
INTRODUCTION: Screening is highly effective for cervical cancer prevention and control. Population-based screening programmes are widely implemented in high-income countries, although adherence is often low. In Portugal, just over half of the women adhere to cervical cancer screening, contributing for greater mortality rates than in other European countries. The most effective adherence raising strategies are based on patient reminders, small/mass media and face-to-face educational programmes, but sequential interventions targeting the general population have seldom been evaluated...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980214/breast-cancer-mammographic-diagnosis-performance-in-a-public-health-institution-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Juliana M R B Mello, Fernando P Bittelbrunn, Marcio A B C Rockenbach, Guilherme G May, Leonardo M Vedolin, Marilia S Kruger, Matheus D Soldatelli, Guilherme Zwetsch, Gabriel T F de Miranda, Saone I P Teixeira, Bruna S Arruda
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the quality assurance of mammography results at a reference institution for the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer in southern Brazil, based on the BIRADS (Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System) 5th edition recommendations for auditing purposes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort and cross-sectional study with 4502 patients (9668 mammographies)) who underwent at least one or both breast mammographies throughout 2013 at a regional public hospital, linked to a federal public university...
October 4, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976559/adherence-to-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors-among-medicare-part-d-beneficiaries-with-chronic-myeloid-leukemia
#10
Chan Shen, Bo Zhao, Lei Liu, Ya-Chen Tina Shih
BACKGROUND: Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) improve the survival of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) dramatically; however, nonadherence to TKI therapy may lead to resistance to the therapy. TKIs are very expensive and are covered under Part D insurance for Medicare patients. To the authors' knowledge, the impact of low-income subsidy status and cost sharing on adherence among this group has not been well studied in the literature. METHODS: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry data linked with Medicare Part D data from the years 2007 through 2012 were used in the current study...
October 4, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975413/the-influence-of-family-adaptability-and-cohesion-on-anxiety-and-depression-of-terminally-ill-cancer-patients
#11
Young-Yoon Park, Young-Jin Jeong, Junyong Lee, Nayun Moon, Inho Bang, Hyunju Kim, Kyung-Sook Yun, Yong-I Kim, Tae-Hee Jeon
PURPOSE: This study investigated the effect of family members on terminally ill cancer patients by measuring the relationship of the presence of the family caregivers, visiting time by family and friends, and family adaptability and cohesion with patient's anxiety and depression. METHODS: From June, 2016 to March, 2017, 100 terminally ill cancer patients who were admitted to a palliative care unit in Seoul, South Korea, were surveyed, and their medical records were reviewed...
October 4, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973511/cost-effectiveness-of-an-hpv-self-collection-campaign-in-uganda-comparing-models-for-delivery-of-cervical-cancer-screening-in-a-low-income-setting
#12
Nicole G Campos, Vivien Tsu, Jose Jeronimo, Denise Njama-Meya, Mercy Mvundura, Jane J Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973012/the-relationship-between-drinking-alcohol-and-esophageal-gastric-or-colorectal-cancer-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study-of-south-korea
#13
Yoon Jin Choi, Dong Ho Lee, Kyung-Do Han, Hyun Soo Kim, Hyuk Yoon, Cheol Min Shin, Young Soo Park, Nayoung Kim
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic findings of low-volume alcohol consumption in relation to gastrointestinal cancers including gastric cancer are inconsistent. METHODS: The association between alcohol intake and esophageal, gastric and colorectal cancer risk was examined in a population-based prospective cohort of 23,323,730 adults in Korea who had undergone a biennial evaluation provided by the National Health Insurance Corporation between the years 2009 and 2012. After median 5...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971825/assessment-of-cancer-control-capacity-and-readiness-the-role-of-the-international-atomic-energy-agency
#14
REVIEW
May Abdel-Wahab, Beatrix Lahoupe, Alfredo Polo, Eduardo Zubizarreta, Raja R Adnan, Peter Johnston, Arsen Juric, Farid El Haffar, Mathias Andre, Ahmed Meghzifene
During the past six decades, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has helped to address the growing cancer burden, by delivering substantial cancer-related assistance to low-income and middle-income member states. IAEA assistance has primarily been facilitated through sustainable radiotherapy and nuclear medicine programmes to establish safe and effective diagnostic imaging, nuclear medicine, and radiotherapy capacity to safely treat patients with cancer. Planning of a National Cancer Control Programme starts with a needs assessment of all aspects of cancer control in the country to ensure evidence-based strategies are adapted to the country's specific needs...
October 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970947/ethnic-variations-in-perception-of-human-papillomavirus-and-its-vaccination-among-young-women-in-nepal
#15
Brijesh Sathian, M G Ramesh Babu, Edwin R van Teijlingen, Indrajit Banerjee, Bedanta Roy, Supram Hosuru Subramanya, Elayedath Rajesh, Suresh Devkota
BACKGROUND: The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is strongly associated with cervical and other cancers. In women, cervical cancer is the third most common cancer. HPV infection can be largely prevented through vaccination of (adolescent) girls. At the same time, Nepal is a low-income country experiencing a cultural change in attitudes towards sex and sexual behaviour. However, in the adolescent population knowledge about HPV, factors associated with an increased risk of HPV and the existence of the vaccination is often low...
March 2017: Nepal journal of epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967089/a-reflection-on-the-work-of-gianni-bonadonna-from-the-viewpoint-of-the-global-challenge-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#16
Ronald D Barr, W Archie Bleyer
Adolescents and young adults (AYAs - ages 15 to 39) constitute approximately 40% of the world's population and contribute an estimated one million new cases of cancer annually, the great majority in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In high-income countries (HICs) cancer is the commonest cause of disease-related death in AYAs, though overall 5-year survival rates now exceed 80%. A very different circumstance likely holds in LMICs, but accurate assessments are not readily available.Breast cancer accounts for 40% of tumours in female AYAs and this age group includes the peak incidence of Hodgkin lymphoma...
September 27, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965004/perceived-social-support-in-african-american-breast-cancer-patients-predictors-and-effects
#17
Tess Thompson, Maria Pérez, Matthew Kreuter, Julie Margenthaler, Graham Colditz, Donna B Jeffe
RATIONALE: Social support plays an important role in quality of life and health outcomes after breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in perceived social support in African American women during the two years following a new breast cancer diagnosis. METHODS: This secondary analysis uses data collected from 2009 to 2015 from 227 newly diagnosed, African American women with breast cancer (mean age 56 [SD = 10], 59% household income < $25,000; 28% married/partnered, 72% early stage) participating in a randomized controlled trial testing the effects of a video-communication intervention on quality-of-life and follow-up care...
September 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961835/mapping-unmet-supportive-care-needs-quality-of-life-perceptions-and-current-symptoms-in-cancer-survivors-across-the-asia-pacific-region-results-from-the-international-step-study
#18
A Molassiotis, P Yates, Q Li, W K W So, K Pongthavornkamol, P Pittayapan, H Komatsu, M Thandar, M-S Li, S Titus Chacko, V Lopez, J Butcon, D Wyld, R J Chan
Background: To assess the supportive care needs, quality of life (QoL) and symptoms of patients with cancer after the end of first-line treatments and into survivorship in Asian countries using Australian data as benchmark. Patients and methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in Australia and eight high-income (HICs) and low-/middle-income (LMICs) Asian countries (China, Japan, Hong Kong SAR, South Korea, Myanmar, Thailand, India, Philippines) using validated scales (Cancer Survivors Unmet Needs scale), physical-symptom concerns (Cancer Survivors Survey of Needs subscale) and a single-item measure of global QoL perception...
October 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960700/predictors-of-treatment-abandonment-for-patients-with-pediatric-cancer-at-indus-children-cancer-hospital-karachi-pakistan
#19
Durr-E-Fatima Siddiqui, Muhammad Shamvil Ashraf, Sundus Iftikhar, Asim F Belgaumi
BACKGROUND: Abandonment of treatment is one of the toughest challenges to deal with in pediatric oncology. It leads to unnecessary mortality and morbidity in patients from low- and middle-income countries. PROCEDURE: The objective of our retrospective study was to determine the prevalence and predictors for abandonment among children with cancer at our hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. We analyzed data on patients younger than 18 years, diagnosed with any malignancy between November 2014 and May 2016...
September 27, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960640/awareness-of-cervical-cancer-and-socio-demographic-variations-among-women-in-libya-an-exploratory-study-in-az-zawiya-city
#20
Nada Ab Hweissa, Tin Tin Su
Cervical cancer is still a public health problem worldwide, and almost 80% of cervical cancer cases occur in developing countries. In Libya, cervical cancer ranks as the third most frequent cancer among women. This paper presents the results of a study conducted to assess women's awareness of the symptoms and risk factors of cervical cancer and to identify socio-demographic variations in their level of awareness. A population-based cross-sectional survey was carried out in the city of Az-Zawiya, Libya from 1 January 2014 to 31 August 2014...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
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