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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225941/beyond-menstrual-hygiene-addressing-vaginal-bleeding-throughout-the-life-course-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#1
REVIEW
Marni Sommer, Penelope A Phillips-Howard, Therese Mahon, Sasha Zients, Meredith Jones, Bethany A Caruso
Girls and women experience numerous types of vaginal bleeding. These include healthy reproductive processes, such as menstruation and bleeding after childbirth, but also bleeding related to health conditions, such as fibroids or cancer. In most societies, the management of menstruation is handled covertly, something girls are often instructed about at menarche. The management of other vaginal bleeding is often similarly discreet, although behaviours are not well documented. In many societies, cultural taboos frequently hinder open discussion around vaginal bleeding, restricting information and early access to healthcare...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222392/case-control-study-to-assess-the-association-between-colorectal-cancer-and-selected-occupational-agents-using-interocc-job-exposure-matrix
#2
Sonia El-Zaemey, T N Anand, Jane Shirley Heyworth, Terry Boyle, Martie van Tongeren, Lin Fritschi
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the third most prevalent cancer in the world and is twice as common in developed countries when compared with low-income and middle-income countries. Few occupational risk factors for colorectal cancer have been identified. This case-control study aimed to assess the association between colorectal cancer and occupational exposure to selected solvents, combustion products, metals, dusts and other agents. METHODS: Cases (n=918) were enrolled from the Western Australian Cancer Registry from June 2005 to August 2007...
December 8, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211315/trends-in-botanical-dietary-supplement-use-among-us-adults-by-cancer-status-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-to-2014
#3
Chao Li, Richard A Hansen, Chiahung Chou, Angela I Calderón, Jingjing Qian
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer may use botanical dietary supplements (BDS) in an attempt to manage the side effects of chemotherapy, yet evidence about BDS use among patients with cancer is limited. The authors examined trends in BDS use among US adults according to cancer status and patient characteristics. METHODS: A serial, cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1999 through 2014 (n = 43,644)...
December 6, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209834/breast-cancer-survivors-return-to-work-and-wage-loss-in-selected-hospitals-in-malaysia
#4
T T Su, M Azzani, F L Tan, S Y Loh
PURPOSE: This study aimed, firstly, to assess the determinants of return to work (RTW), secondly, to explore the amount of annual wage loss, and finally, to discover the determinants of wage loss among breast cancer (BC) survivors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used in this research. The data was collected via interview using a validated questionnaire. Logistic regression models were developed to discover the significant determinants of RTW and of wage loss among BC survivors...
December 5, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207966/study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial-to-compare-human-papillomavirus-based-cervical-cancer-screening-in-community-health-campaigns-versus-health-facilities-in-western-kenya
#5
Megan J Huchko, James G Kahn, Jennifer S Smith, Robert A Hiatt, Craig R Cohen, Elizabeth Bukusi
BACKGROUND: Despite guidelines for cervical cancer prevention in low-resource countries, a very small proportion of women in these settings undergo screening, and even fewer women are successfully treated. Using pilot data from western Kenya and World Health Organization recommendations, we developed a protocol to implement evidence-based cervical cancer screening and linkage to treatment strategies to the rural communities. We describe the protocol for a cluster-randomized trial to compare two implementation strategies for human-papillomavirus (HPV)-based cervical cancer screening program using metrics described in the RE-AIM (reach, efficacy, adaption, implementation and maintenance) framework...
December 6, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204328/the-role-of-affordable-point-of-care-technologies-for-cancer-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-review-and-commentary
#6
Karen Haney, Pushpa Tandon, Rao Divi, Miguel R Ossandon, Houston Baker, Paul C Pearlman
As the burden of non-communicable diseases such as cancer continues to rise in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), it is essential to identify and invest in promising solutions for cancer control and treatment. Point-of-care technologies (POCTs) have played critical roles in curbing infectious disease epidemics in both high- and low-income settings, and their successes can serve as a model for transforming cancer care in LMICs, where access to traditional clinical resources is often limited. The versatility, cost-effectiveness, and simplicity of POCTs warrant attention for their potential to revolutionize cancer detection, diagnosis, and treatment...
2017: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204198/profile-and-outcome-of-pediatric-brain-tumors-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-pediatric-oncology-unit-in-south-india
#7
Supriya Gujjar Suresh, Arathi Srinivasan, Julius Xavier Scott, Santosh Mohan Rao, Balasubramaniam Chidambaram, Sanjay Chandrasekar
Context: Tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) constitute the second most common pediatric cancers. Unlike leukemia, management of CNS tumors requires a good multidisciplinary team. Higher rates of treatment abandonment are documented in view of complexity of the treatment with long duration, involving neurosurgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and high cost of treatment. Morbidity associated with CNS tumors may be significant in terms of physical deficits as well as neuropsychological and neuroendocrine sequelae...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203038/trends-in-medicaid-beneficiaries-receipt-of-breast-reconstruction-procedures-following-pre-affordable-care-act-aca-medicaid-expansion-in-new-york-state
#8
Oluseyi Aliu, Aviram M Giladi, Kevin C Chung
BACKGROUND: Expanding eligibility will increase the demand for surgical services within Medicaid but little is known of the response to such increase in demand. We examined how much of the increased demand for breast reconstruction was met after expansion of Medicaid eligibility. METHODS: We used New York state databases from 1998 to 2006 and a population of non-elderly adults (19-64) who underwent breast cancer treatment and reconstructive procedures. We used an Interrupted Time-Series design to examine the association between Medicaid expansion in 2001 and changes in the percentages of treatment and reconstructive procedures covered by Medicaid...
November 28, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200943/cancer-related-post-treatment-pain-and-its-impact-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-in-palestine
#9
Nader H Abu Farha, Mohammed T Khatib, Husam Salameh, Sa'ed H Zyoud
Background: Post-treatment pain has been suggested as an important indicator for health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with breast cancer. Therefore, this study was performed to examine the association between pain and its impact on HRQOL among breast cancer patients in Palestine. Also, this study aimed to determine the QOL profile for breast cancer patients and stated the factors associated with QOL. Methods: A correlational cross-sectional study was conducted from May 2016 to November 2016 at Al-Watani Hospital and An-Najah National University Hospital in the Nablus district in Palestine...
2017: Asia Pacific Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197686/the-impact-of-screening-on-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-in-missouri-usa-2004-2013
#10
Y Yoshida, C L Schmaltz, J Jackson-Thompson, E J Simoes
OBJECTIVES: Population-based evidence regarding impact of cancer screenings and cancer rates in Missouri is lacking. This study examined whether screenings of breast cancer, cervical cancer, and colorectal cancer impact early-stage cancer incidence and mortality in Missouri. STUDY DESIGN: This is an ecological study based on county-specific estimates of selected cancer screening prevalence and early-stage cancer incidence and cancer mortality. METHODS: County-specific prevalence of clinical breast examination, mammography, Pap test, sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy, and fecal occult blood test (FOBT) were generated from Missouri County-Level Study (2003, 2007, and 2011)...
November 30, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197036/cancer-genetic-counseling-communication-with-low-income-chinese-immigrants
#11
Janice Ka Yan Cheng, Claudia Guerra, Rena J Pasick, Dean Schillinger, Judith Luce, Galen Joseph
As genetics and genomics become part of mainstream medicine, these advances have the potential to either reduce or exacerbate health disparities. Relatively, little research has explored the quality of genetic counseling communication experienced by limited English proficiency patients, especially Chinese Americans. We observed and audio recorded genetic counseling appointments (n = 40) of low-income, limited English-proficient Chinese patients (n = 25) and conducted post-visit interviews (n = 17) using stimulated recall to examine patient understanding of the communication...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183920/reassessing-the-importance-of-lost-pleasure-associated-with-smoking-cessation-implications-for-social-welfare-and-policy
#12
Terry Frank Pechacek, Pratibha Nayak, Paul Slovic, Scott R Weaver, Jidong Huang, Michael P Eriksen
INTRODUCTION: Benefit-cost analyses of tobacco regulations include estimates of the informed choice of smokers to continue smoking. Few studies have focused on subjective feelings associated with continued smoking. This study estimates how smoker discontent and regret relate to risk perceptions and health concerns. METHODS: We analysed data from a 2015 nationally representative, online survey of 1284 US adult current smokers. Information was collected on regret, intention to quit, perceived addiction, risk perceptions and health concerns...
November 28, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183182/cost-effectiveness-of-human-papilloma-virus-vaccination-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#13
Olugbenga Akindele Silas, Chad J Achenbach, Robert Leo Murphy, Lifang Hou, Solomon Atiene Sagay, Edmund Banwat, Adeyi A Adoga, Jonah Musa, Dustin Douglas French
Low and middle income countries (LMICs) bear more than 50% of the current cervical cancer burden over the last decade with linkages to lack of HPV vaccination, high levels of poverty, illiteracy and nonexistent or poor screening programs. Governments of LMICs need enough convincing evidence that HPV vaccination will be more cost-effective in reducing the scourge of cervical cancer. Area covered: A systematic review to identify suitable studies from MEDLINE(via PubMed), EMBASE and Electronic search through GOOGLE for original and review articles from 2007 to 2014 on cost-effectiveness of human papilloma virus vaccination of pre-adolescent girls in LMICs was conducted...
December 6, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180212/patterns-of-elective-lobectomy-for-lung-cancer
#14
Bian Liu, Raja M Flores, Emanuela Taioli
BACKGROUND: Lobectomy is the recommended treatment for early-stage lung cancer. Little is known about variations of access to health service areas and hospital types for lobectomy overall and according to specific surgical techniques, such as the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). METHODS: The New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (2007-2012) was queried for lung cancer patients who underwent elective lobectomy. Hospitals were defined as nearest high-volume hospital (nHVH, reference), distant HVH (dHVH), close or distant low-volume hospital (cLVH or dLVH) using lobectomy volume and travel burden by the distance to nHVH...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179869/overcoming-barriers-in-hpv-vaccination-and-screening-programs
#15
Alex Vorsters, Marc Arbyn, Marc Baay, Xavier Bosch, Silvia de Sanjosé, Sharon Hanley, Emilie Karafillakis, Pier Luigi Lopalco, Kevin G Pollock, Joanne Yarwood, Pierre Van Damme
The Human Papillomavirus Prevention and Control Board brought together experts to discuss optimizing HPV vaccination and screening programs. Board members reviewed the safety profile of licensed HPV vaccines based on clinical and post-marketing data, reaching a consensus that current safety data is reassuring. Successful vaccination programs used well-coordinated communication campaigns, integrating (social) media to spread awareness. Communication of evidence supporting vaccine effectiveness had beneficial effects on the perception of the vaccine...
December 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178896/estimating-the-value-of-point-of-care-hpv-testing-in-three-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-modeling-study
#16
Nicole G Campos, Vivien Tsu, Jose Jeronimo, Mercy Mvundura, Jane J Kim
BACKGROUND: Where resources are available, the World Health Organization recommends cervical cancer screening with human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA testing and subsequent treatment of HPV-positive women with timely cryotherapy. Newer technologies may facilitate a same-day screen-and-treat approach, but these testing systems are generally too expensive for widespread use in low-resource settings. METHODS: To assess the value of a hypothetical point-of-care HPV test, we used a mathematical simulation model of the natural history of HPV and data from the START-UP multi-site demonstration project to estimate the health benefits and costs associated with a shift from a 2-visit approach (requiring a return visit for treatment) to 1-visit HPV testing (i...
November 25, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164922/health-care-access-utilization-and-cancer-screening-among-low-income-latina-women
#17
Cynthia M Mojica, Bertha Flores, Norma S Ketchum, Yuanyuan Liang
INTRODUCTION: Cancer screening reduces mortality rates for breast, cervical, and colon cancer. Yet cancer screening rates for Latina women are lower than for non-Latino Whites, and below Healthy People 2020 goals. Additionally, Latinos face many health care access barriers. This study examined health care access and utilization in relation to cancer screening among low-income Latina women recruited from a high-risk area and enrolled in a navigation-plus-education intervention. METHODS: Latina women considered rarely or never screened for breast, cervical, or colorectal cancer were recruited from community-based organizations and events (N = 691)...
January 1, 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164376/evaluation-of-quality-of-life-in-caregivers-who-are-providing-home-care-to-cancer-patients
#18
Mahcube Cubukcu
PURPOSE: The author aimed to evaluate the quality of life and the factors affecting the caregivers of cancer patients receiving home care. METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive study was performed in 48 cancer patients who were served from home care unit and 48 caregivers between 01 and 28 February 2014. Patients' functional status was evaluated with Katz Index for Activities of Daily Living and the Lawton Scale for Instrumental Activities of Daily Living. The levels of quality of life of caregivers of patients with cancer were determined with Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer (CQOLC)...
November 21, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162148/text-messages-to-increase-attendance-to-follow-up-cervical-cancer-screening-appointments-among-hpv-positive-tanzanian-women-connected2care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Ditte S Linde, Marianne S Andersen, Julius D Mwaiselage, Rachel Manongi, Susanne K Kjaer, Vibeke Rasch
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major health concern in Tanzania, caused by poor attendance for cervical cancer screening and follow-up of women at risk. Mobile telephone health interventions are proven effective tools to improve health behaviour in African countries. So far, no knowledge exists on how such interventions may perform in relation to cervical cancer screening in low-income settings. This study aims to assess the degree to which a Short Message Service (SMS) intervention can increase attendance at appointments among women who have tested positive for high-risk (HR) Human Papillomavirus (HPV) during cervical cancer screening...
November 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161300/brca1-and-brca2-mutational-profile-and-prevalence-in-hereditary-breast-and-ovarian-cancer-hboc-probands-from-southern-brazil-are-international-testing-criteria-appropriate-for-this-specific-population
#20
Bárbara Alemar, Cleandra Gregório, Josef Herzog, Camila Matzenbacher Bittar, Cristina Brinckmann Oliveira Netto, Osvaldo Artigalas, Ida Vanessa D Schwartz, Jordy Coffa, Suzi Alves Camey, Jeffrey Weitzel, Patricia Ashton-Prolla
BACKGROUND: Germline pathogenic variants in BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA) are the main cause of Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer syndrome (HBOC). METHODS: In this study we evaluated the mutational profile and prevalence of BRCA pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants among probands fulfilling the NCCN HBOC testing criteria. We characterized the clinical profile of these individuals and explored the performance of international testing criteria. RESULTS: A pathogenic/likely pathogenic variant was detected in 19...
2017: PloS One
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