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Extraglottic device

V Mann, F Limberg, S T W Mann, S Little, M Müller, M Sander, R Röhrig
OBJECTIVE: For emergency medicine personnel (EMP), there is little evidence concerning the adequate timing for refresher courses to maintain routine in the application of extraglottic airways. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and long-term results of a simulator-based education concept teaching the basic airway management skills with extraglottic airways for EMP and also to draw conclusions concerning the adequate time interval for refresher courses. METHODS: By use of an explorative, prospective simulator-study with nonphysician EMP, airway management skills using the Larynxmaske Supreme® (LMA‑S) after an introduction lecture were examined...
April 11, 2018: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
Felice E Agrò, Giuseppe Pascarella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
Felice E Agrò, Giuseppe Pascarella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 189 in vol. 10, PMID: 28860875.].
2018: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
Steven M Lee, Jacek A Wojtczak, Davide Cattano
Introduction: Internal neck anatomy landmarks and their relation after placement of an extraglottic airway devices have not been studied extensively by the use of ultrasound. Based on our group experience with external landmarks as well as internal landmarks evaluation with other techniques, we aimed use ultrasound to analyze the internal neck anatomy landmarks and the related changes due to the placement of the Laryngeal Mask Airway Unique. Methods: Observational pilot investigation...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
Bimla Sharma, Chand Sahai, Jayashree Sood
Extraglottic airway devices (EADs) have revolutionized the field of airway management. The invention of the laryngeal mask airway was a game changer, and since then, there have been several innovations to improve the EADs in design, functionality, safety and construction material. These have ranged from changes in the shape of the mask, number of cuffs and material used, like rubber, polyvinylchloride and latex. Phthalates, which were added to the construction material in order to increase device flexibility, were later omitted when this chemical was found to have serious adverse reproductive outcomes...
2017: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
Tom C van Zundert, Davide Cattano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
Ruggero M Corso, Steven Lee, Jacek Wojtczak, Davide Cattano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
T Piepho, T Härer, L Ellermann, R R Noppens
BACKGROUND: Securing the airway in severely ill patients is associated with a high rate of complications. So far, no information exists about the equipment readily available for airway management in German intensive care units (ICUs). It is also unknown if the range of material has improved over time. OBJECTIVES: In the present trial the availability of equipment for airway management in ICUs in Rhineland-Palatinate was evaluated at two different times. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a structured questionnaire, all ICUs in the state were contacted in the years 2010 and 2015...
May 2017: Der Anaesthesist
Brian E Driver, David Plummer, William Heegaard, Robert F Reardon
BACKGROUND: The King LT airway (King Systems, Noblesville, IN) is a popular extraglottic device that is widely used in the prehospital setting. We report a case of tracheal malplacement of the King airway with a severe kink in the distal tube. CASE REPORT: A 51-year-old unhelmeted motorcyclist collided with a freeway median and was obtunded when paramedics arrived. After bag mask ventilation, a King airway was placed uneventfully and the patient was transported to the emergency department...
December 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Robert S Green, Dean A Fergusson, Alexis F Turgeon, Lauralyn A McIntyre, George J Kovacs, Donald E Griesdale, Ryan Zarychanski, Michael B Butler, Nelofar Kureshi, Mete Erdogan
OBJECTIVES: Various medications and devices are available for facilitation of emergent endotracheal intubations (EETIs). The objective of this study was to survey which medications and devices are being utilized for intubation by Canadian physicians. METHODS: A clinical scenario-based survey was developed to determine which medications physicians would administer to facilitate EETI, their first choice of intubation device, and backup strategy should their first choice fail...
May 2017: CJEM
Marijana Karišik, Dušanka Janjević, Massimiliano Sorbello
The primary goal of pediatric airway management is to ensure oxygenation and ventilation. Routine airway management in healthy pediatric patients is normally easy in experienced hands. Really difficult pediatric airway is rare and usually is associated with anatomically and physiologically important findings such as congenital abnormalities and syndromes, trauma, infection, swelling and burns. Using predictors of difficult intubation should be mandatory preoperative assessment in pediatric patients. Difficult airway algorithm for pediatric patients has to consist of three parts: oxygenation (A), tracheal intubation (B), and rescue (C)...
March 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
Tom C R V Van Zundert, Jan F A Hendrickx, Jan L De Witte, David T Wong, Davide Cattano, Joseph R Brimacombe
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The study objective is to determine whether extraglottic airway devices (EADs) with or without mask aperture bars (MABs) result in similar anatomical positions in patients undergoing surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, crossover comparison of four extraglottic airway devices. SETTING: Operating theatre at a large teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Eighty consenting patients scheduled to undergo surgery with general anesthesia...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Christoph Martin, Tobias Nefzger, Gösta Lotz
Airway management in the prehospital setting is a particular challenge. Even with numerous alternative devices, endotracheal intubation still represents the gold standard. Limited knowledge and experience of the user in addition to a critical patient's condition, special environmental conditions and limited material resources at the out of hospital emergency, are major causes of an increased incidence of difficult airways in the preclinical setting. For the management of the difficult airway emergency physicians can use alternatives to tracheal intubation such as extraglottic airway devices, videolaryngoscopy and cricothyroidotomy...
April 2016: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
Gösta Lotz
Due to its relevance to patient outcome, management of the difficult airway is a major topic in the training of anesthesiologists. Algorithms may serve as a plan for a difficult situation. Since 1993, many professional organizations have published guidelines for airway management. ASA and DGAI share common strategies in their guidelines, but also have significant differences. The DGAI provides different algorithms for both the anticipated and unanticipated difficult airway, while the ASA uses one universal algorithm...
April 2016: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
Helmut Trimmel, Janett Kreutziger, Robert Fitzka, Stephan Szüts, Christoph Derdak, Elisabeth Koch, Boris Erwied, Wolfgang G Voelckel
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess whether the GlideScope Ranger video laryngoscope may be a reliable alternative to direct laryngoscopy in the prehospital setting. DESIGN: Multicenter, prospective, randomized, control trial with patient recruitment over 18 months. SETTING: Four study centers operating physician-staffed rescue helicopters or ground units in Austria and Norway. PATIENTS: Adult emergency patients requiring endotracheal intubation...
July 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Jigisha Prahladrai Badheka, Rashida Mohammedi Jadliwala, Vrajeshchandra Amrishbhi Chhaya, Vandana Surendrabhai Parmar, Amit Vasani, Ajay Maganlal Rajyaguru
BACKGROUND: The tracheal tube is always considered to be the gold standard for laparoscopic surgeries. As conventional laryngoscopy guided endotracheal intubation evokes significant hypertension and tachycardia, we have used I-gel, second generation extraglottic airway device, in an attempt to overcome these drawbacks. We conducted this study to compare haemodynamic changes during insertion, efficacy of ventilation, and complications with the use of I-gel when compared with endotracheal tube (ETT) in laparoscopic surgeries...
October 2015: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Tristan C Dumbarton, Orlando R Hung, Blaine Kent
In this report, we describe the case of a young female with Down syndrome who presented to the anesthesia service after pulseless electrical activity arrest with a King LT(S)-D extraglottic airway device in situ. She had multiple predictors of difficult intubation, including what appeared to be a submental mass consistent with Ludwig's angina. She went on to receive an urgent tracheotomy because of those predictors but had full resolution of the submental mass on removal of the extraglottic airway device, which had been overinflated at the time of insertion...
February 15, 2016: A & A Case Reports
James R Miner, John Rubin, Jacob Clark, Robert F Reardon
BACKGROUND: The intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) is an extraglottic device with a high rate of successful ventilation and oxygenation. Most modern airway algorithms suggest using an extraglottic device as the first-line rescue technique for a failed airway in emergency airway management. Eventually, a more secure airway is needed if the extraglottic temporizing device is working well. Retrograde intubation is a surgical airway management technique that is effective but relatively slow, making it most useful when ventilation can be maintained during the procedure...
December 2015: Journal of Emergency Medicine
James Kempema, Marc D Trust, Sadia Ali, Jose G Cabanas, Paul R Hinchey, Lawrence H Brown, Carlos V R Brown
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to compare outcomes in blunt trauma patients managed with prehospital insertion of an extraglottic airway device (EGD) vs endotracheal intubation (ETI). The null hypothesis was that there would be no difference in mortality for the 2 groups. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of blunt trauma patients with Glasgow Coma Scale score less than or equal to 8 transported by ground emergency medical services directly from the scene of injury to a single urban level 1 trauma center...
August 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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