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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535237/effect-of-intravenous-ferric-carboxymaltose-on-hemoglobin-response-among-patients-with-acute-isovolemic-anemia-following-gastrectomy-the-fairy-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Young-Woo Kim, Jae-Moon Bae, Young-Kyu Park, Han-Kwang Yang, Wansik Yu, Jeong Hwan Yook, Sung Hoon Noh, Mira Han, Keun Won Ryu, Tae Sung Sohn, Hyuk-Joon Lee, Oh Kyoung Kwon, Seung Yeob Ryu, Jun-Ho Lee, Sung Kim, Hong Man Yoon, Bang Wool Eom, Min-Gew Choi, Beom Su Kim, Oh Jeong, Yun-Suhk Suh, Moon-Won Yoo, In Seob Lee, Mi Ran Jung, Ji Yeong An, Hyoung-Il Kim, Youngsook Kim, Hannah Yang, Byung-Ho Nam
Importance: Acute isovolemic anemia occurs when blood loss is replaced with fluid. It is often observed after surgery and negatively influences short-term and long-term outcomes. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ferric carboxymaltose to treat acute isovolemic anemia following gastrectomy. Design, Setting, and Participants: The FAIRY trial was a patient-blinded, randomized, phase 3, placebo-controlled, 12-week study conducted between February 4, 2013, and December 15, 2015, in 7 centers across the Republic of Korea...
May 23, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534297/single-frequency-impedance-analysis-on-reduced-graphene-oxide-screen-printed-electrode-for-biomolecular-detection
#2
Rajesh, Shobhita Singal, Ravinder K Kotnala
A biofunctionalized reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-modified screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE) was constructed as an immunosensor for C-reactive protein (CRP) detection, a biomarker released in early stage acute myocardial infarction. A different approach of single frequency analysis (SFA) study was utilized for the biomolecular sensing, by monitoring the response in phase angle changes obtained at an optimized frequency resulting from antigen-antibody interactions. A set of measurements were carried out to optimize a frequency where a maximum change in phase angle was observed, and in this case, we found it at around 10 Hz...
May 22, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533941/changes-in-clinical-laboratory-parameters-and-pharmacodynamic-markers-in-response-to-blinatumomab-treatment-of-patients-with-relapsed-refractory-all
#3
Virginie Nägele, Andrea Kratzer, Gerhard Zugmaier, Chris Holland, Youssef Hijazi, Max S Topp, Nicola Gökbuget, Patrick A Baeuerle, Peter Kufer, Andreas Wolf, Matthias Klinger
BACKGROUND: Blinatumomab has shown a remission rate of 69% in an exploratory single-arm, phase II dose-escalation study in adult patients with relapsed/refractory B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We evaluated changes in laboratory parameters and immunopharmacodynamic markers in patients who received blinatumomab in the exploratory phase II study. METHODS: Data from 36 adults with relapsed/refractory ALL receiving blinatumomab as 4-week continuous IV infusions in various dose cohorts were analyzed for changes in liver enzymes, first-dose parameters, peripheral blood cell subpopulations, and cytokine/granzyme B release...
2017: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533774/the-role-of-ifn-%C3%AE-during-the-course-of-sepsis-progression-and-its-therapeutic-potential
#4
REVIEW
Gorjana Rackov, Rahman Shokri, Melchor Álvarez De Mon, Carlos Martínez-A, Dimitrios Balomenos
Sepsis is a complex biphasic syndrome characterized by both pro- and anti-inflammatory immune states. Whereas early sepsis mortality is caused by an acute, deleterious pro-inflammatory response, the second sepsis phase is governed by acute immunosuppression, which predisposes patients to long-term risk for life-threatening secondary infections. Despite extensive basic research and clinical trials, there is to date no specific therapy for sepsis, and mortality rates are on the rise. Although IFN-β is one of the most-studied cytokines, its diverse effects are not fully understood...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533474/weekly-low-dose-versus-three-weekly-high-dose-cisplatin-for-concurrent-chemoradiation-in-locoregionally-advanced-non-nasopharyngeal-head-and-neck-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-aggregate-data
#5
Petr Szturz, Kristien Wouters, Naomi Kiyota, Makoto Tahara, Kumar Prabhash, Vanita Noronha, Ana Castro, Lisa Licitra, David Adelstein, Jan B Vermorken
BACKGROUND: Three-weekly high-dose cisplatin (100 mg/m(2)) is considered the standard systemic regimen given concurrently with postoperative or definitive radiotherapy in locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (LA-SCCHN). However, due to unsatisfactory patient tolerance, various weekly low-dose schedules have been increasingly used in clinical practice. The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy, safety, and compliance between these two approaches...
May 22, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532450/lps-induced-systemic-inflammation-reveals-an-immunomodulatory-role-for-the-prion-protein-at-the-blood-brain-interface
#6
Ø Salvesen, M R Reiten, A Espenes, M K Bakkebø, M A Tranulis, C Ersdal
BACKGROUND: The cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) is an evolutionary conserved protein abundantly expressed not only in the central nervous system but also peripherally including the immune system. A line of Norwegian dairy goats naturally devoid of PrP(C) (PRNP (Ter/Ter)) provides a novel model for studying PrP(C) physiology. METHODS: In order to explore putative roles for PrP(C) in acute inflammatory responses, we performed a lipopolysaccharide (LPS, Escherichia coli O26:B6) challenge of 16 goats (8 PRNP (+/+) and 8 PRNP (Ter/Ter)) and included 10 saline-treated controls (5 of each PRNP genotype)...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531845/artesunate-and-erythropoietin-synergistically-improve-the-outcome-of-experimental-cerebral-malaria
#7
Yunting Du, Guang Chen, Xuexing Zhang, Chunyun Yu, Yaming Cao, Liwang Cui
Cerebral malaria (CM) is a severe neurological syndrome in humans and the main fatal cause of malaria. In malaria epidemic regions, despite appropriate anti-malarial treatment, 10-20% of deaths still occur during the acute phase. This is largely attributable to poor treatment access, therapeutic complexity and drug resistance; thus, developing additional clinical adjunctive therapies is an urgent necessity. In this study, we investigated the effect of artesunate (AST) and recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) using an experimental cerebral malaria (ECM) model-C57BL/6 mice infected with Plasmodium berghei ANKA (PbA)...
May 19, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531130/comparative-safety-and-efficacy-profile-of-a-novel-oil-in-water-vaccine-adjuvant-comprising-vitamins-a-and-e-and-a-catechin-in-protective-anti-influenza-immunity
#8
Sapna Patel, Yasser Faraj, Debra K Duso, William W Reiley, Erik A Karlsson, Stacey Schultz-Cherry, Michael Vajdy
Non-replicating vaccines, such as those based on recombinant proteins, require adjuvants and delivery systems, which have thus far depended on mimicking pathogen danger signals and strong pro-inflammatory responses. In search of a safer and more efficacious alternative, we tested whether vaccinations with influenza recombinant hemagglutinin (HA) mixed with a novel vegetable oil in water emulsion adjuvant (Natural Immune-enhancing Delivery System, NIDS), based on the immune-enhancing synergy of vitamins A and E and a catechin, could protect against intra-nasal challenge with live influenza virus...
May 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528241/peripheral-zinc-and-neopterin-concentrations-are-associated-with-mood-severity-in-bipolar-disorder-in-a-gender-specific-manner
#9
Caitlin E Millett, Dahlia Mukherjee, Aubrey Reider, Adem Can, Maureen Groer, Dietmar Fuchs, Teodor T Postolache, Shannon L Kelleher, Erika F H Saunders
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a recurrent, episodic mood disorder for which there are no current diagnostic, prognostic or theranostic biomarkers. Two peripheral markers of the acute phase immune response, zinc and neopterin, are consistently associated with severity of depression in literature. Given gender differences in clinical presentation of BD and in inflammatory processes, we aimed to explore the interaction between gender and immune biomarkers to predict mood severity in BD. Participants with DSM IV BD I and II were recruited through the Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute during an acute mood episode...
May 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526536/trastuzumab-emtansine-versus-capecitabine-plus-lapatinib-in-patients-with-previously-treated-her2-positive-advanced-breast-cancer-emilia-a-descriptive-analysis-of-final-overall-survival-results-from-a-randomised-open-label-phase-3-trial
#10
Véronique Diéras, David Miles, Sunil Verma, Mark Pegram, Manfred Welslau, José Baselga, Ian E Krop, Kim Blackwell, Silke Hoersch, Jin Xu, Marjorie Green, Luca Gianni
BACKGROUND: The antibody-drug conjugate trastuzumab emtansine is indicated for the treatment of patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer previously treated with trastuzumab and a taxane. Approval of this drug was based on progression-free survival and interim overall survival data from the phase 3 EMILIA study. In this report, we present a descriptive analysis of the final overall survival data from that trial. METHODS: EMILIA was a randomised, international, open-label, phase 3 study of men and women aged 18 years or older with HER2-positive unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer previously treated with trastuzumab and a taxane...
May 16, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526535/tnf-%C3%AE-is-superior-to-conventional-inflammatory-mediators-in-forecasting-ivig-nonresponse-and-coronary-arteritis-in-chinese-children-with-kawasaki-disease
#11
Peng Hu, Guang Mei Jiang, Yue Wu, Bao Yu Huang, Si Yan Liu, Dong Dong Zhang, Yao Xu, Yang Fang Wu, Xun Xia, Wei Wei, Bo Hu
BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) -α is of inflammatory cytokines produced chiefly by activated monocyte/macrophages, and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Kawasaki disease (KD). We elucidated the relationship of plasma TNF-α with conventional inflammatory mediators, clinical classification, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) response and coronary arteritis in the course of KD. METHODS: Seventy Chinese children with KD were enrolled and divided into 6 subgroups, including complete KD, incomplete KD, IVIG-responsive KD, IVIG-nonresponsive KD, coronary artery (CA) -noninvolvement KD and CA-involvement KD...
May 16, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525795/the-role-of-secretory-phospholipases-as-therapeutic-targets-for-the-treatment-of-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#12
REVIEW
Sriram Ravindran, Gino A Kurian
Myocardial reperfusion injury is a consequence of restoration of blood flow post ischemia. It is a complex process involving an acute inflammatory response activated by cytokines, chemokines, growth factors, and mediated by free radicals, calcium overload leading to mitochondrial dysfunction. Secretory phospholipases (sPLA2) are a group of pro-inflammatory molecules associated with diseases such as atherosclerosis, which increase the risk of reperfusion injury. This acute response leads to breakdown of phospholipids such as cardiolipin, found in the mitochondrial inner membrane, leading to disruption of energy producing enzymes of the electron transport chain...
May 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524240/potential-serum-biomarkers-associated-with-mild-and-severe-leptospirosis-infection-a-cohort-study-in-the-malaysian-population
#13
Tan Xue Ting, Fairuz Binti Amran, Ravindran Thayan, Norazah Ahmad, Roslinda Jaafar, Rahimah Haron, Rafidah Abdullah, Sazwan Reezal Bin Shamsuddin, Nor Suhaila Binti Md Riffin, Puteri Shafinaz Abdul-Rahman
Leptospirosis is an emerging zoonotic infectious disease in Malaysia. The symptoms of leptospirosis vary from mild non-specific flu-like illness to a severe condition which is usually associated with serious complication and fatality. To study the protein expression profile of mild and severe leptospirosis, fifteen paired sera were collected from the patients who were mildly infected and following that progressed to severe stage. The proteome profiles of mild and severe cases were studied using 2DE analysis in combination with LC-MS/MS...
May 19, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523459/plasma-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-b-levels-are-increased-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-associated-with-the-first-phase-of-glucose-stimulated-insulin-secretion-function-of-%C3%AE-cell
#14
J Wu, H Wei, H Qu, Z Feng, J Long, Q Ge, H Deng
PURPOSE: To detect plasma vascular endothelial growth factor B (VEGF-B) in individuals with different glucose tolerance and investigate the relationship between plasma VEGF-B levels and the first phase of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 45 patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), 37 patients with impaired glucose regulation (IGR), and 39 Normal glucose tolerance (NGT) subjects, all of whom underwent intravenous glucose tolerance test...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522561/immediate-and-delayed-potentiating-effects-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-on-trpv1-sensitivity-of-rat-vagal-pulmonary-sensory-neurons
#15
Chun-Chun Hsu, You Shuei Lin, Ruei-Lung Lin, Lu-Yuan Lee
We studied acute effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) on the sensitivity of isolated rat vagal pulmonary sensory neurons. Our results showed: 1) A brief pretreatment with a low dose of TNFα (1.44 nM, 9 min) enhanced the sensitivity of transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) receptors in these neurons in two distinct phases: the inward current evoked by capsaicin was amplified (∆=247%) immediately following the TNFα pretreatment, which gradually declined toward control and then increased again reaching another peak (∆=384%) after 60-90 min...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520792/myd88-signaling-in-dendritic-cells-and-the-intestinal-epithelium-controls-immunity-against-intestinal-infection-with-c-rodentium
#16
Christin Friedrich, Panagiota Mamareli, Sophie Thiemann, Friederike Kruse, Zuobai Wang, Bernhard Holzmann, Till Strowig, Tim Sparwasser, Matthias Lochner
MyD88-mediated signaling downstream of Toll-like receptors and the IL-1 receptor family is critically involved in the induction of protective host responses upon infections. Although it is known that MyD88-deficient mice are highly susceptible to a wide range of bacterial infections, the cell type-specific contribution of MyD88 in protecting the host against intestinal bacterial infection is only poorly understood. In order to investigate the importance of MyD88 in specific immune and nonimmune cell types during intestinal infection, we employed a novel murine knock-in model for MyD88 that enables the cell type-specific reactivation of functional MyD88 expression in otherwise MyD88-deficient mice...
May 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520694/metabolic-inflammatory-complex-in-sepsis-septic-cachexia-as-a-novel-potential-therapeutic-target
#17
Masao Kaneki
Despite several decades of focused investigation, sepsis remains a major cause of mortality in critically ill patients. Advancements in intensive care have enabled more patients to survive the acute phase of sepsis than previously, but a growing number of them progress to chronic critical illness. The failure of previous randomized clinical trials of anti-inflammatory agents to show any pro-survival benefit in septic patients underscores current thought that simple anti-inflammatory strategies are ineffective because the inhibitory effect of anti-inflammatory agents undermines the immune response to pathogens...
May 17, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516155/phase-i-clinical-trial-of-everolimus-combined-with-trimodality-therapy-in-patients-with-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#18
Bassel G Bachir, Luis Souhami, Jose João Mansure, Fabio Cury, Marie Vanhuyse, Fadi Brimo, Armen G Aprikian, Simon Tanguay, Jeremy Sturgeon, Wassim Kassouf
Background: Local control following trimodality therapy (TMT) for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) requires further optimization. Objective: Evaluating the biologic endpoint, feasibility, and toxicity of integrating everolimus to TMT in patients with MIBC. Methods: This was a phase I trial in patients with MIBC who were not surgical candidates or who refused cystectomy. Following maximal transurethral tumor resection, patients were treated by radiotherapy (50 Gy/20 fractions), gemcitabine (100 mg/m2/weekly) and escalating doses of everolimus (2...
April 27, 2017: Bladder Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515743/acute-phase-proteins-and-oxidative-stress-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-comparison-of-cardioplegia-strategy
#19
Dariusz Plicner, Jarosław Stoliński, Anna Rzucidło-Hymczak, Bogusław Kapelak, Anetta Undas
INTRODUCTION: Several strategies are still being introduced to cardiac surgery techniques to reduce the signs of the inflammatory response and oxidative stress. Many efforts have been made to develop the best possible method for myocardial protection. AIM: To assess the effect of the cardioplegia strategy on the systemic inflammatory response and oxidative stress. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of 238 consecutive, elective on-pump coronary artery bypass graft patients (CABG; 183 men, aged 64...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515224/activin-a-regulates-activation-of-mouse-neutrophils-by-smad3-signalling
#20
Yan Qi, Jingyan Ge, Chunhui Ma, Na Wu, Xueling Cui, Zhonghui Liu
Activin A, a member of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily, acts as a pro-inflammatory factor in acute phase response, and influences the pathological progress of neutrophil-mediated disease. However, whether activin A can exert an effect on the activities of neutrophils remains unclear. In this study, we found that the release of activin A was enhanced from neutrophils of mouse when stimulated with lipopolysaccharide. Furthermore, neutrophils were not only the source of activin A but also the target cells in response to activin A, in which canonical activin signalling components existed, and levels of ACTRIIA, SMAD3 and p-SMAD3 proteins were elevated in activin A-treated neutrophils...
May 2017: Open Biology
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