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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/100001003/emergency-management-of-sepsis-the-simple-stuff-saves-lives
#1
David Sweet, Julian Marsden, Kendall Ho, Christina Krause, James A Russell
Many emergency departments have implemented sepsis protocols since the 2001 publication of results from the early goal-directed therapy trial, which showed early targeted resuscitation lowers mortality. As part of an attempt to improve clinical and operational outcomes for emergency departments across British Columbia, we reviewed sepsis management literature and considered sepsis protocol implementation in the province’s emergency departments. During the literature review we found that many observational studies confirmed an association between implementation of emergency sepsis protocols and decreased mortality...
May 2012: BC medical journal: BCMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/100001002/kdigo-2013-clinical-practice-guideline-for-lipid-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease-full-guidelines
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Kidney International Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/100001001/summary-of-recommendation-statements-kdigo-2013-clinical-practice-guideline-for-lipid-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Kidney International Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215055/occupational-hazards-for-home-care-nurses-across-the-rural-to-urban-gradient-in-ontario-canada
#4
Matthew Wong, Margaret Saari, Erin Patterson, Martine Puts, Ann E Tourangeau
The purpose of this paper was to describe occupational hazards for nurses working in home care (HC) and explore how they differ across the rural-to-urban gradient. Responses (n = 823) from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2012 of HC nurses registered to practise nursing in the Province of Ontario, Canada were used. Using chi-square analysis and posthoc pairwise tests with a Bonferroni correction, 14 occupational hazards were individually tested for differences between four geographical settings (rural, town, suburban or urban areas)...
February 19, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215039/impact-of-surgical-experience-on-management-and-outcome-of-pancreatic-surgery-performed-in-high-and-low-volume-centers
#5
Marco Stella, Massimiliano Bissolati, Daniele Gentile, Alessandro Arriciati
Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is one of the procedures in general surgery with the highest rate of life-threatening complications. The positive impact of the volume-outcome ratio on outcomes and mortality in pancreatic surgery (PS) has led to policy-level efforts toward centralization of care for PS that is currently under evaluation by some Regional Health Services. The role of the surgeon's experience and training is still under debate. The aim of this paper is to compare the outcomes of PS by the same surgeon in a high volume (HV) and in a low volume (LV) hospital to assess whether a specific training in PS could outdo the benefits of hospital volume...
February 18, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215027/economic-burden-of-patients-affected-by-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc-the-life-study
#6
Maria Rita Migliorino, Antonio Santo, Giampiero Romano, Diego Cortinovis, Domenico Galetta, Oscar Alabiso, Giacomo Cartenì, Sabrina Vari, Gianpiero Fasola, Antonio Pazzola, Dario Giuffrida, Alberto Zaniboni, Alberto Caprioli, Flavia Longo, Valentina Acciai, Filippo de Marinis
PURPOSE: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a condition with significant clinical burden for patients and relevant economic impact. Limited evidence exists on the management costs of NSCLC patients, especially in the late phases of the disease. The main objective of this analysis was to evaluate the economic impact of clinical management of NSCLC patients in the Italian population. METHODS: This evaluation was an economic analysis of the observational and multicentre study LIFE, which described the therapeutic approach in routine clinical practice for NSCLC patients, progressing after first-line treatment...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215019/goose-management-in-scotland-an-overview
#7
Ian Bainbridge
This paper reviews the changing status of goose populations in Scotland since the 1940s, and the changing policies and management activities employed over that time. The size of all goose populations has risen since the 1940s due to protection measures, changes in agriculture and levels of shooting, in the UK and elsewhere. The development of goose policies in response to public interest and pressures is described. Some changes in goose populations since 2000 can be linked to this policy development. Policy is now split between protective measures for some species and adaptive management approaches encompassing control measures for others...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215018/responses-of-wintering-geese-to-the-designation-of-goose-foraging-areas-in-the-netherlands
#8
Kees Koffijberg, Hans Schekkerman, Henk van der Jeugd, Menno Hornman, Erik van Winden
The Netherlands is important for wintering migratory herbivorous geese, numbers of which have rapidly increased, leading to conflict with agriculture. In 2005/2006, a new goose management policy aimed to limit compensation payments to farmers by concentrating foraging geese in 80 000 ha of designated 'go' areas-where farmers received payment to accommodate them-and scaring geese from 'no go' areas elsewhere. Monthly national counts of four abundant goose species during 10 years prior to the new policy and in 8 years following implementation found that 57% of all goose days were spent within 'go' areas under the new management, the same as prior to implementation...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215017/scaring-as-a-tool-to-alleviate-crop-damage-by-geese-revealing-differences-between-farmers-perceptions-and-the-scale-of-the-problem
#9
Caroline E Simonsen, Ingunn M Tombre, Jesper Madsen
Expanding populations of farmland foraging geese are causing escalating conflict with agriculture. We used questionnaires to investigate farmers´ perceptions in mid-Norway of spring staging geese and the extent to which they attempt to reduce pasture damage by goose scaring. We predicted farmers' scaring effort (a measure of dissatisfaction) to increase on fields closer to goose roosting sites where goose grazing intensity was highest (measured by dropping counts). Results showed no such relationship, suggesting that farmers' perception of goose use was not linked to actual goose use, but influenced by sociological factors and individual opinion...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215016/reconciling-competing-values-placed-upon-goose-populations-the-evolution-of-and-experiences-from-the-islay-sustainable-goose-management-strategy
#10
Rae McKenzie, Jessica M Shaw
The Scottish island of Islay hosts 45 000 barnacle geese Branta leucopsis (56% of the Greenland barnacle goose population, plus those passing through on migration), 5000 Greenland white-fronted geese Anser albifrons flavirostris (up to 30% of the world population) and 2500 greylag geese Anser anser, most of which feed on 9000 ha of grassland. The financial impacts of estimated agricultural damage have risen greatly over the past 20 years due to increasing goose numbers and higher farming costs. Mechanisms implemented to resolve conflict over time are reviewed for their effectiveness...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215015/goose-management-schemes-to-resolve-conflicts-with-agriculture-theory-practice-and-effects
#11
Einar Eythórsson, Ingunn M Tombre, Jesper Madsen
In 2012, the four countries hosting the Svalbard population of pink-footed goose Anser brachyrhynchus along its flyway launched an International Species Management Plan for the population. One of the aims was to reduce conflicts between geese and agriculture to an acceptable level. Since 2006, Norway has offered subsidies to farmers that provide refuge areas for geese on their land. We evaluate the mid-Norwegian goose management subsidy scheme, with a view to its adjustment to prevailing ecological and socio-economic parameters...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215014/management-of-a-dutch-resident-barnacle-goose-branta-leucopsis-population-how-can-results-from-counts-ringing-and-hunting-bag-statistics-be-reconciled
#12
Henk P van der Jeugd, Anne Kwak
The resident Dutch Northern Delta barnacle geese Branta leucopsis population expanded steadily since birds first bred in 1982, increasing agricultural conflict. Derogation shooting has been used since 2005 to scare geese from sensitive crops and to reduce population size. Numbers almost doubled to ca. 28 000 individuals during 2007-2014, despite annual removal of 15-25% of geese and adult and juvenile survival rates of 79 and 67% (cf. natural survival of 96% for both age classes). Simple population modelling, using estimated annual survival values and fixed fecundity, predicted a moderate increase to 21 500 individuals in 2014...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215013/crowded-skies-conflicts-between%C3%A2-expanding%C3%A2-goose-populations-and-aviation-safety
#13
David R Bradbeer, Camilla Rosenquist, Thomas Kjær Christensen, Anthony D Fox
We here review the collision risks posed by large-bodied, flocking geese to aircraft, exacerbated by recent major increases in northern hemisphere goose populations and air traffic volume. Mitigation of goose-aircraft strike risks requires knowledge of local goose movements, global goose population dynamics and ecology. Airports can minimise goose strikes by managing habitats within the airport property, applying deterrents to scare geese away and lethal control, but goose migration and movements at greater spatial scales present greater challenges...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215012/threatened-species-to-super-abundance-the-unexpected-international-implications-of-successful-goose-conservation
#14
Anthony D Fox, Jesper Madsen
Wild geese wintering in western Europe were declining by the 1930s probably due to loss of natural habitat and over exploitation through hunting, although the causes will never be known. Refuge provision and hunting restrictions from the 1950s enabled numbers to recover. Improved monitoring systems enabled the description of progressive increases and extensions of wintering range since that time, especially amongst those goose populations that increasingly exploited agricultural landscapes. This introductory article sets the scene for the special issue on the increasing interactions and conflicts created by recent increases in the range and abundance of wild geese throughout the northern hemisphere, especially with regard to agricultural damage, but including issues associated with air flight safety, human and animal health, ecosystem effects and conflicts with other biodiversity objectives...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215011/implementation-of-the-first-adaptive-management-plan-for-a-european-migratory-waterbird-population-the-case-of-the-svalbard-pink-footed-goose-anser-brachyrhynchus
#15
Jesper Madsen, James Henty Williams, Fred A Johnson, Ingunn M Tombre, Sergey Dereliev, Eckhart Kuijken
An International Species Management Plan for the Svalbard population of the pink-footed goose was adopted under the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds in 2012, the first case of adaptive management of a migratory waterbird population in Europe. An international working group (including statutory agencies, NGO representatives and experts) agreed on objectives and actions to maintain the population in favourable conservation status, while accounting for biodiversity, economic and recreational interests...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215010/key-actions-towards-the-sustainable-management-of-european-geese
#16
David A Stroud, Jesper Madsen, Anthony D Fox
Increasing abundance of geese in North America and Europe constitutes a major conservation success, but has caused increasing conflicts with economic, health and safety interests, as well as ecosystem impacts. Potential conflict resolution through a single, 'one size fits all' policy is hindered by differences in species' ecology, behaviour, abundance and population status, and in contrasting political and socio-economic environments across the flyways. Effective goose management requires coordinated application of a suite of tools from the local level to strategic flyway management actions...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215009/why-geese-benefit-from-the-transition-from-natural-vegetation-to-agriculture
#17
Anthony D Fox, Kenneth F Abraham
The energy and nutrient content of most agricultural crops are as good as or superior to natural foods for wild geese and they tend to be available in agricultural landscapes in far greater abundance. Artificial grasslands (fertilised native swards and intensively managed reseeds) offer far superior quality forage and higher intake rates than seminatural or natural grasslands. The availability of such abundant artificial food explains the abandonment of traditional habitats for farmland by geese over the last 50-100 years and favours no reduction in current levels of exploitation of agriculture...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215008/the-greater-snow-goose-anser-caerulescens-atlanticus-managing-an-overabundant-population
#18
Josée Lefebvre, Gilles Gauthier, Jean-François Giroux, Austin Reed, Eric T Reed, Luc Bélanger
Between the early 1900s and the 1990s, the greater snow goose Anser caerulescens atlanticus population grew from 3000 individuals to more than 700 000. Because of concerns about Arctic degradation of natural habitats through overgrazing, a working group recommended the stabilization of the population. Declared overabundant in 1998, special management actions were then implemented in Canada and the United States. Meanwhile, a cost-benefit socioeconomic analysis was performed to set a target population size. Discussions aiming towards attaining a common vision were undertaken with stakeholders at multiple levels...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215007/combining-modelling-tools-to-evaluate-a-goose-management-scheme
#19
Johannes M Baveco, Anne-Kari Bergjord, Jarle W Bjerke, Magda E Chudzińska, Loïc Pellissier, Caroline E Simonsen, Jesper Madsen, Ingunn M Tombre, Bart A Nolet
Many goose species feed on agricultural land, and with growing goose numbers, conflicts with agriculture are increasing. One possible solution is to designate refuge areas where farmers are paid to leave geese undisturbed. Here, we present a generic modelling tool that can be used to designate the best locations for refuges and to gauge the area needed to accommodate the geese. With a species distribution model, locations are ranked according to goose suitability. The size of the area to be designated as refuge can be chosen by including more or less suitable locations...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215006/balancing-ecosystem-function-services-and-disservices-resulting-from-expanding-goose-populations
#20
Ralph Buij, Theodorus C P Melman, Maarten J J E Loonen, Anthony D Fox
As goose populations increase in abundance, their influence on ecological processes is increasing. We review the evidence for key ecological functions of wild goose populations in Eurasia and North America, including aquatic invertebrate and plant propagule transport, nutrient deposition in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, the influence of goose populations on vegetation biomass, carbon storage and methane emission, species diversity and disease transmission. To estimate the implications of their growing abundance for humans, we explore how these functions contribute to the provision of ecosystem services and disservices...
March 2017: Ambio
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