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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684795/screening-for-postpartum-anxiety-a-quality-improvement-project-to-promote-the-screening-of-women-suffering-in-silence
#1
Sarah Toler, Susan Stapleton, Kim Kertsburg, Tiffany J Callahan, Marie Hastings-Tolsma
BACKGROUND: Postpartum anxiety is a mental health problem that has largely been ignored by maternity care providers despite an estimated incidence as high as 28.9%. Though postpartum anxiety may or may not be accompanied by depression, and while screening for postpartum depression has become more common place, postpartum anxiety is often not assessed or addressed. PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot quality improvement project was to implement a screening, treatment and referral program for postpartum anxiety in the birth centre environment...
April 3, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683308/maternity-care-update-postpartum-care
#2
Andrew Smith, Wendy B Barr, Erin Bassett-Novoa, Nicholas LeFevre
Family physicians are uniquely situated to play a major role in postpartum care. Postpartum issues that should be monitored and addressed include reproductive and contraceptive planning, breastfeeding counseling and support, and maternal mental health. All women should be screened for postpartum depression using a validated tool at the postpartum visit and/or at well-child visits. Patients with positive screening results should be offered support and treatment. Women are more likely to breastfeed if they are provided with breastfeeding support and counseling routinely during the prenatal and postpartum periods...
April 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683204/oral-status-cognitive-function-and-dependency-among-new-zealand-nursing-home-residents
#3
William M Thomson, Moira B Smith, Catherine Anna Ferguson, Ngaire M Kerse, Kathryn Peri, Barry Gribben
OBJECTIVES: To investigate clinical oral disease and its association with cognitive function and dependency among older New Zealanders in residential aged care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: National survey of oral health in aged residential care throughout New Zealand. We classified residents into 1 of 3 levels of care: "low dependency care (or assisted living)"; "high dependency care"; or "specialist dementia care/psychogeriatric care." The Abbreviated Mental Test characterised cognitive function as "unimpaired" (scores of 7-10), "moderately impaired" (4-6) or "severely impaired" (0-3)...
April 23, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681975/mind-body-therapies-for-african-american-women-at-risk-for-cardiometabolic-disease-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Candace C Johnson, Karen M Sheffield, Roy E Brown
Background: A major determinant in cardiometabolic health is metabolic syndrome (MetS), a cluster of symptoms that portend the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). As mind-body therapies are thought to help in lowering physiological and environmental CVD risk factors including blood pressure and psychological stress, they may also be beneficial for the primary prevention of CVD. Objectives: To synthesize and summarize existing knowledge on the effectiveness of mind-body therapies on MetS outcomes in African-American (AA) women, a US subpopulation at high risk for CVD...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681958/personal-resources-and-satisfaction-with-life-in-marfan-syndrome-patients-with-aortic-pathology-and-in-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-patients
#5
Michał-Goran Stanišić, Teresa Rzepa, Alicja Gawrońska, Przemysław Kubaszewski, Maciej Putowski, Sebastian Stefaniak, Bartłomiej Perek
Introduction: Whether or not the source of aortic pathology is Marfan syndrome (MFS) or other processes leading to development of abdominal aorta aneurysms (AAA), the awareness of pathology may lead to an emotional upset and low assessment of satisfaction with life. Aim: To assess, in regard to MFS patients with aortic pathology and to abdominal aortic aneurysm patients: 1) whether or not self-efficacy (SE) and health locus of control (HLoC) affect the patients' satisfaction with life; 2) whether the two groups of patients differ in terms of mental dispositions...
March 2018: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680420/restless-legs-syndrome-is-associated-with-major-comorbidities-in-a-population-of-danish-blood-donors
#6
Maria Didriksen, Richard P Allen, Brendan J Burchell, Lise W Thørner, Andreas S Rigas, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Maria H Nielsen, Poul J Jennum, Thomas Werge, Christian Erikstrup, Ole B Pedersen, Kaspar Nielsen, Mie T Bruun, Kristoffer S Burgdorf, Erik Sørensen, Henrik Ullum
BACKGROUND: Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is characterized by uncomfortable nocturnal sensations in the legs making sedentary activities and sleep difficult, and is thus linked with psychosocial distress. Due to the symptomatology and neurobiology of RLS (disrupting brain iron and dopamine) it is likely that RLS associates with poorer health-related quality of life (HRQL) and depressive disorder. The objective of this study was to investigate the RLS-HRQL and the RLS-depressive disorder links in a generally healthy population that is not biased by medications...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680319/comrade-a-randomized-trial-of-an-individually-tailored-integrated-care-intervention-for-uncontrolled-type-2-diabetes-with-depression-and-or-distress-in-the-rural-southeastern-us
#7
Lesley D Lutes, Doyle M Cummings, Kerry Littlewood, Chelsey Solar, Marissa Carraway, Kari Kirian, Shivajirao Patil, Alyssa Adams, Stefanie Ciszewski, Bertha Hambidge
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that people living with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) are also at greater risk for depression and distress. If left untreated, these comorbid mental health concerns can have long-lasting impacts on medical and physical health outcomes. DESIGN: This prospective trial randomized rural men and women with uncontrolled T2D (HbA1c ≥ 7.0) who screened positive for co-morbid depressive (PHQ-2 > 3) or distress (DDS-2 > 3) symptoms in a primary medical care setting to receive either: 1) 16 sessions of cognitive and/or behavioral intervention tailored to symptom severity across 12 months along with routine medical care, or 2) usual primary care...
April 19, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680191/-cost-of-hypertrophy-due-to-intrauterine-growth-restriction-attributable-to-air-pollution-in-france
#8
C Rafenberg, I Annesi-Maesano
Exposure of pregnant women to fine particulate matter<2.5μm in diameter (PM2.5 ) is responsible for low birthweight (LBW) and intellectual disabilities, as expressed by a lower intelligence quotient (IQ). We estimated the attributable cost due to PM2.5 of healthcare at birth and cognitive retardation of children with LBW in metropolitan France in 2012. The cost of specific care of the 8300 (range, 3100-13,300) children born every year in France with a LBW attributable to PM2.5 exposure is estimated at €25 million (range, € 9...
April 18, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679924/military-status-and-alcohol-problems-former-soldiers-may-be-at-greater-risk
#9
Bonnie M Vest, D Lynn Homish, Jennifer Fillo, Gregory G Homish
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to explore differences in alcohol problems as a function of military status (current soldier, previous soldier and civilian spouses), and the possible interaction between sex and military status. We hypothesized that 1) soldiers would be at greater risk for alcohol problems than civilian spouses, and 2) former soldiers would be at greater risk compared to current soldiers. METHODS: Data were drawn from Operation: SAFETY, a longitudinal study examining physical and mental health among U...
April 13, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679816/poor-mental-health-among-low-income-women-in-the-u-s-the-roles-of-adverse-childhood-and-adult-experiences
#10
Joshua P Mersky, Colleen E Janczewski, Jenna C Nitkowski
RATIONALE: It is well established that exposure to a greater number of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) increases the risk of poor physical and mental health outcomes. Given the predictive validity of ACE scores and other cumulative risk metrics, a similar measurement approach may advance the study of risk in adulthood. OBJECTIVE: We examined the prevalence and interrelations of 10 adverse adult experiences, including household events such as intimate partner violence and extrafamilial events such as crime victimization...
April 14, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679106/social-support-intervention-to-promote-resilience-and-quality-of-life-in-women-living-in-karachi-pakistan-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Saima S Hirani, Colleen M Norris, K Jessica Van Vliet, Sander Veldhuyzen Van Zanten, Rozina Karmaliani, Gerri Lasiuk
OBJECTIVES: This study tested the efficacy of a 6-week social support intervention for enhancing resilience and quality of life among women living in low socioeconomic areas of Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: One hundred and twenty women were randomly allocated to the intervention (n = 60) or control group (n = 60). Women in the intervention group attended a 6-week social support program, while those in the control group attended a single mental health awareness session...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677604/the-association-between-unemployment-and-depression-results-from-the-population-based-life-adult-study
#12
Andrea E Zuelke, Tobias Luck, Matthias L Schroeter, A Veronica Witte, Andreas Hinz, Christoph Engel, Cornelia Enzenbach, Silke Zachariae, Markus Loeffler, Joachim Thiery, Arno Villringer, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
BACKGROUND: Unemployment is a risk factor for impaired mental health. Based on a large population-based sample, in this study we therefore sought to provide detailed information on the association between unemployment and depression including information on (i) differences between men and women, (ii) differences between different types of unemployment, and (iii) on the impact of material and social resources on the association. METHODS: We studied 4,842 participants (18-65 years) of the population-based LIFE-Adult-Study...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677524/effectiveness-of-community-based-depression-intervention-programme-comdip-to-manage-women-with-depression-in-primary-care-randomised-control-trial
#13
Pillaveetil Sathyadas Indu, Thekkethayyil Viswanathan Anilkumar, Krishnapillai Vijayakumar, K A Kumar, P Sankara Sarma, Saradamma Remadevi, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: In low and middle income countries where mental health resources are limited, community based depression intervention models, which can be implemented through the existing health system, are extremely relevant. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of Community based Depression Intervention Programme (ComDIP), newly developed by us, to reduce severity of depression in women, compared to the treatment as usual (TAU). METHODS: An RCT (Trial registration Number: CTRI/2011/08/001978, Clinical Trials Registry -India) was conducted in a primary care setting in Trivandrum, Kerala, South India...
April 3, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677009/cervical-cancer-screening-in-women-with-severe-mental-disorders-an-approach-to-the-spanish-context
#14
Jessica Borrull-Guardeño, Alberto Domínguez, Milton H Merizalde-Torres, Vanessa Sánchez-Martínez
BACKGROUND: The incidence of invasive cervical cancer and its mortality have been reduced through primary and secondary prevention. Screening rates tend to be lower in vulnerable groups, such as people with severe mental disorders, who have a later detection of cancer and a higher mortality. The access of these women to cervical cancer screening is uncertain in our context. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the cervical cancer screening rates in women with severe mental disorders...
April 19, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674363/study-protocol-on-criterion-validation-of-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-epds-patient-health-questionnaire-phq-9-and-centre-for-epidemiological-studies-depression-ces-d-screening-tools-among-rural-postnatal-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
James January, Moses John Chimbari
BACKGROUND: Screening women for postnatal depression (PND) provides an opportunity to reach undetected cases and enhance pregnancy outcomes. In Zimbabwe, no validation of depression screening tools has been done on postnatal women in rural settings. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine criterion validity of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria as the reference standard...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673721/-prevalence-of-mental-disorders-in-the-general-population-of-burkina-faso
#16
A Ouédraogo, J G Ouango, K Karfo, P Goumbri, D Nanéma, B Sawadogo
OBJECTIVES: To determine, with the use of the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), the prevalence of mental disorders in the general population of Burkina Faso; To identify the factors associated with the occurrence of these disorders. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive and analytical survey of a representative sample of the general population aged 18 years and over (n=2587). The only non-inclusion criterion was absence from the place of residence during the investigation period for whatever reason...
April 16, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672758/explaining-the-gender-gap-in-sickness-absence
#17
K A Østby, A Mykletun, W Nilsen
Background: In many western countries, women have a much higher rate of sickness absence than men. To what degree the gender differences in sickness absence are caused by gender differences in health is largely unknown. Aims: To assess to what degree the gender gap in sickness absence can be explained by health factors and work- and family-related stressors. Methods: Norwegian parents participating in the Tracking Opportunities and Problems (TOPP) study were asked about sickness absence and a range of factors possibly contributing to gender differences in sickness absence, including somatic and mental health, sleep problems, job control/demands, work-home conflicts, parent-child conflicts and stressful life events...
April 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672245/intimate-partner-violence-trauma-and-mental-health-need-among-female-community-college-students
#18
Rachel J Voth Schrag, Tonya E Edmond
The impact of interpersonal violence on college students has received considerable recent attention, yet no studies have been conducted among community college students. These students comprise over 40% of all American college students, and may have unique risk factors and needs. These students are more likely than their peers at 4 year institutions to be women, people of color, working, parenting, and first generation college students. The current study uses a simple random sample of students from four campuses (n = 435) to assess the extent of intimate partner violence, trauma exposure, sexual violence victimization, and associated mental health consequences among female students attending community college...
April 19, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671691/committed-action-disability-and-perceived-health-in-individuals-with-fibromyalgia
#19
Santiago Galán, Rubén Roy, Ester Solé, Mélanie Racine, Rocío de la Vega, Mark P Jensen, Jordi Miró
Committed action, one of the components of psychological flexibility, has been shown to be related with measures of pain-relevant function domains in patients with chronic pain. However, the associations between measures of committed action and of physical health and function in individuals with fibromyalgia (FM) have not yet been examined. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to better understand the role that committed action plays in (1) pain-related disability and (2) mental and physical health in individuals with FM...
April 19, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671666/psychiatric-admission-during-pregnancy-in-women-with-schizophrenia-who-attended-a-specialist-antenatal-clinic
#20
Elly Lorraine Harris, Jacqueline Frayne, Suzanna Allen, Kanni Renganathan, Thinh Ngoc Nguyen
OBJECTIVES: The mental health and wellbeing of pregnant women with schizophrenia is an area of research interest. We aim to explore this relationship particularly in regards to psychiatric admission rates, timing and their associated contributing factors. METHODS: A total of 98 pregnancies to women with schizophrenia, who attended a specialist antenatal clinic and delivered from July 2007 to February 2016, were retrospectively examined. The cohort was divided into two groups based on psychiatric admission...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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