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Women's mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648766/age-sex-and-diagnosis-specific-incidence-rate-of-medically-certified-long-term-sick-leave-among-private-sector-employees-the-japan-epidemiology-collaboration-on-occupational-health-j-ecoh-study
#1
Chihiro Nishiura, Akiko Nanri, Ikuko Kashino, Ai Hori, Chihiro Kinugawa, Motoki Endo, Noritada Kato, Aki Tomizawa, Akihiko Uehara, Makoto Yamamoto, Tohru Nakagawa, Shuichiro Yamamoto, Toru Honda, Teppei Imai, Akiko Okino, Toshiaki Miyamoto, Naoko Sasaki, Kentaro Tomita, Satsue Nagahama, Takeshi Kochi, Masafumi Eguchi, Hiroko Okazaki, Taizo Murakami, Chii Shimizu, Makiko Shimizu, Isamu Kabe, Tetsuya Mizoue, Tomofumi Sone, Seitaro Dohi
BACKGROUND: Long-term sick-leave is a major public health problem, but data on its incidence in Japan are scarce. We aimed to present reference data for long-term sick-leave among private sector employees in Japan. METHODS: The study population comprised employees of 12 companies that participated in the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study. Details on medically certified sick-leave lasting ≥30 days were collected from each company. Age- and sex-specific incidence rate of sick-leave was calculated for the period of April 2012 to March 2014...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647759/a-community-based-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mom-power-parenting-intervention-for-mothers-with-interpersonal-trauma-histories-and-their-young-children
#2
Katherine L Rosenblum, Maria Muzik, Diana M Morelen, Emily A Alfafara, Nicole M Miller, Rachel M Waddell, Melisa M Schuster, Julie Ribaudo
We conducted a study to evaluate the effectiveness of Mom Power, a multifamily parenting intervention to improve mental health and parenting among high-risk mothers with young children in a community-based randomized controlled trial (CB-RCT) design. Participants (N = 122) were high-risk mothers (e.g., interpersonal trauma histories, mental health problems, poverty) and their young children (age <6 years), randomized either to Mom Power, a parenting intervention (treatment condition), or weekly mailings of parenting information (control condition)...
June 25, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647310/effect-of-a-web-based-positive-psychology-intervention-on-prenatal-well-being-a-case-series-study
#3
Giulia Corno, Ernestina Etchemendy, Macarena Espinoza, Rocío Herrero, Guadalupe Molinari, Alba Carrillo, Constance Drossaert, Rosa Maria Baños
BACKGROUND: Detrimental effects of women's negative feelings during pregnancy have been extensively examined and documented, but research on the influence of positive feelings and protective factors on their prenatal mental health is scarce. Evidence from the positive psychology field has shown that practicing some brief positive exercises, called positive psychology interventions, can maximize well-being by increasing positive emotions, engagement, and meaning. AIM: The aim of this study is to examine the effect of a positive psychology web-based intervention on indices of women's prenatal well-being...
June 21, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646642/universal-postpartum-mental-health-screening-for-parents-of-newborns-with-prenatally-diagnosed-birth-defects
#4
Joanna C M Cole, Michelle Olkkola, Haley Zarrin, Kelsey Berger, Julie S Moldenhauer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation of a nurse-led project to screen parents for depression and traumatic stress in the postpartum period after visiting their newborns in the NICU. DESIGN: A standardized universal mental health postpartum screening and referral protocol was developed for parents of high-risk neonates. SETTING/LOCAL PROBLEM: The project occurred at the Garbose Family Special Delivery Unit, the first high-risk obstetrics unit serving healthy women who give birth to newborns with prenatally diagnosed fetal anomalies...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645751/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-german-version-of-the-intuitive-eating-scale-2-in-a-community-sample
#5
Ulrike Alexandra Ruzanska, Petra Warschburger
Intuitive eating is based on a strong physical connection with the body, aligned to internal cues of hunger and satiety, and a low preoccupation with food. The aim of this study was to provide a German version of the Intuitive Eating Scale-2 (IES-2) and to examine its psychometric properties with data collected from 532 participants aged 18-91 years. The IES-2 was translated into German following the World Health Organization guidelines (2016). Cronbach's alpha as a measure of internal consistency was .89 for the IES-2 total score, as well as ...
June 20, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645707/syndemic-factors-mediate-the-relationship-between-sexual-stigma-and-depression-among-sexual-minority-women-and-gender-minorities
#6
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Tonia Poteat, Anne C Wagner
INTRODUCTION: Stigma and discrimination contribute to elevated depression risks among sexual minority women (SMW) and gender minority (GM) people who identify as lesbian, bisexual, or queer. Syndemics theory posits that adverse psychosocial outcomes cluster to negatively impact health and mental health outcomes among sexual minorities. We tested whether a syndemic condition composed of low social support, low self-rated health, low self-esteem, and economic insecurity mediated the relationship between sexual stigma and depressive symptoms among SMW/GM...
June 20, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645572/longitudinal-associations-between-mental-health-conditions-and-overactive-bladder-in-women-veterans
#7
Catherine S Bradley, Ingrid E Nygaard, Stephen L Hillis, James C Torner, Anne G Sadler
BACKGROUND: One in five recently deployed U.S. women veterans report overactive bladder symptoms. Mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety commonly co-occur in women with overactive bladder, but temporal relationships between these outcomes have not been well-studied, and the mechanism behind this association is unknown. The Women Veterans Urinary Health Study, a nationwide longitudinal study in recently deployed women veterans, was designed to better understand relationships between overactive bladder and mental health conditions...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645042/the-changing-health-priorities-of-earthquake-response-and-implications-for-preparedness-a-scoping-review
#8
REVIEW
C Cartwright, M Hall, A C K Lee
OBJECTIVES: Earthquakes have substantial impacts on mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). The academic evidence base to support Disaster Risk Reduction activities in LMIC settings is, however, limited. We sought to address this gap by identifying the health and healthcare impacts of earthquakes in LMICs and to identify the implications of these findings for future earthquake preparedness. STUDY DESIGN: Scoping review. METHODS: A scoping review was undertaken with systematic searches of indexed databases to identify relevant literature...
June 20, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645017/examining-anxiety-sensitivity-as-a-mediator-of-the-association-between-ptsd-symptoms-and-suicide-risk-among-women-firefighters
#9
Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Sally Spencer-Thomas, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are associated with increased suicide risk. Anxiety sensitivity (AS)-the fear of anxiety-related sensations-is both a vulnerability factor for and consequence of PTSD symptoms. AS also predicts suicide risk. To our knowledge, no study has examined whether AS concerns account for the association between PTSD symptoms and suicide risk. METHOD: A total of 254 women firefighters completed a web-based mental health survey...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644337/committee-opinion-no-705-mental-health-disorders-in-adolescents
#10
(no author information available yet)
Mental health disorders in adolescence are a significant problem, relatively common, and amenable to treatment or intervention. Obstetrician-gynecologists who see adolescent patients are highly likely to see adolescents and young women who have one or more mental health disorders. Some of these disorders may interfere with a patient's ability to understand or articulate her health concerns and appropriately adhere to recommended treatment. Some disorders or their treatments will affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, causing anovulatory cycles and various menstrual disturbances...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644330/committee-opinion-no-705-summary-mental-health-disorders-in-adolescents
#11
(no author information available yet)
Mental health disorders in adolescence are a significant problem, relatively common, and amenable to treatment or intervention. Obstetrician-gynecologists who see adolescent patients are highly likely to see adolescents and young women who have one or more mental health disorders. Some of these disorders may interfere with a patient's ability to understand or articulate her health concerns and appropriately adhere to recommended treatment. Some disorders or their treatments will affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, causing anovulatory cycles and various menstrual disturbances...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642253/military-related-sexual-assault-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Kimberley Watkins, Rachel Bennett, Mark A Zamorski, Isabelle Richer
BACKGROUND: Most research on military-related sexual assault is based on the United States military and has important limitations, such as low response rates. We sought to estimate the lifetime prevalence of sexual assault, assess its relation to military service and identify the circumstances, correlates and associations with mental disorders of military-related sexual assault among Canadian military personnel. METHODS: We used the 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey, a cross-sectional representative survey of Canadian Regular Force personnel (n = 6696)...
June 22, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641361/maternal-alcohol-use-disorder-and-risk-of-child-contact-with-the-justice-system-in-western-australia-a-population-cohort-record-linkage-study
#13
Katherine Hafekost, David Lawrence, Colleen O'Leary, Carol Bower, James Semmens, Stephen R Zubrick
BACKGROUND: Early contact with the justice system is associated with a multitude of negative outcomes across the life course. This includes an increased risk of ongoing justice contact, social disadvantage and marginalization, and mental health and substance use issues. Children whose mothers have an alcohol use disorder may be at risk of early justice system contact, and we sought to quantify this relationship in a Western Australian cohort. METHODS: This population cohort study made use of linked administrative data...
June 22, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639712/the-effect-of-childcare-activities-on-cognitive-status-and-depression-in-older-adults-gender-differences-in-a-4-4-year-longitudinal-study
#14
Caterina Trevisan, Maria Valentina Pamio, Chiara Curreri, Stefania Maggi, Giovannella Baggio, Sabina Zambon, Leonardo Sartori, Egle Perissinotto, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
OBJECTIVES: Although involvement in childcare activities seems to promote better physical and mental health in older adults, its impact on cognitive status and depression has not yet been fully elucidated. We aimed to analyze the association between engagement in childcare activities and cognitive and psychological status over a 4.4-year period in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Two thousand one hundred four subjects older than 65 years without severe cognitive impairment at baseline were categorized according to the frequency of their involvement in childcare activities (everyday, occasionally, never)...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639237/work-home-interference-perceived-total-workload-and-the-risk-of-future-sickness-absence-due-to-stress-related-mental-diagnoses-among-women-and-men-a-prospective-twin-study
#15
Pia Svedberg, Lisa Mather, Gunnar Bergström, Petra Lindfors, Victoria Blom
PURPOSE: Work-home interference has been proposed as an important explanation for sickness absence (SA). Previous studies show mixed results, have not accounted for familial factors (genetics and shared everyday environment), or investigated diagnosis specific SA. The aim was to study whether work-home interference and perceived total workload predict SA due to stress-related mental diagnoses, or SA due to other mental diagnoses, among women and men, when adjusting for various confounders and familial factors...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638967/socio-demographic-clinical-characteristics-and-utilization-of-mental-health-care-services-associated-with-sf-6d-utility-scores-in-patients-with-mental-disorders-contributions-of-the-quantile-regression
#16
Amélie Prigent, Blaise Kamendje-Tchokobou, Karine Chevreul
PURPOSE: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is a widely used concept in the assessment of health care. Some generic HRQoL instruments, based on specific algorithms, can generate utility scores which reflect the preferences of the general population for the different health states described by the instrument. This study aimed to investigate the relationships between utility scores and potentially associated factors in patients with mental disorders followed in inpatient and/or outpatient care settings using two statistical methods...
June 21, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637536/mental-health-morbidity-among-people-subject-to-immigration-detention-in-the-uk-a-feasibility-study
#17
P Sen, J Arugnanaseelan, E Connell, C Katona, A A Khan, P Moran, K Robjant, K Slade, J Tan, K Widyaratna, J Youd, A Forrester
AIMS: The UK has one of the largest systems of immigration detention in Europe.. Those detained include asylum-seekers and foreign national prisoners, groups with a higher prevalence of mental health vulnerabilities compared with the general population. In light of little published research on the mental health status of detainees in immigration removal centres (IRCs), the primary aim of this study was to explore whether it was feasible to conduct psychiatric research in such a setting...
June 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637311/whole-woman-s-health-v-hellerstedt-the-empirical-case-against-trap-laws
#18
Michele Goodwin
This commentary examines the US Supreme Court case Whole Woman's Health v Hellerstedt.1 This comment synthesizes the case, focusing primarily on its legislative and appellate history as well as the Supreme Court's analysis. The comment finds that while Whole Woman's Health represented a judicial victory for those who seek to safeguard and preserve abortion rights, it nevertheless further rooted the primacy of the Supreme Court's flawed framework in Planned Parenthood v Casey2, which rests on perpetuating the notion of abortion as a threat against women's physical and mental health...
June 13, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635312/predictors-of-adherence-to-aerobic-exercise-in-rectal-cancer-patients-during-and-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy
#19
Andria R Morielli, Normand G Boulé, Nawaid Usmani, Kurian Joseph, Keith Tankel, Diane Severin, Kerry S Courneya
This pilot study explored predictors of adherence to exercise during and after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT) in rectal cancer patients. Eighteen rectal cancer patients were prescribed three supervised aerobic exercise sessions/week during NACRT followed by ≥150 min/week of unsupervised aerobic exercise after NACRT. Although not statistically significant, adherence to supervised exercise during NACRT was meaningfully better for patients who were women (d = .82; P = .12), younger (d = -.62; P = ...
June 21, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634876/life-expectancy-gain-due-to-employment-status-depends-on-race-gender-education-and-their-intersections
#20
Shervin Assari
PURPOSE: Despite the well-established health effects of socioeconomic status (SES), SES resources such as employment may differently influence health outcomes across sub-populations. This study used a national sample of US adults to test if the effect of baseline employment (in 1986) on all-cause mortality over a 25-year period depends on race, gender, education level, and their intersections. METHODS: Data came from the Americans' Changing Lives (ACL) study, which followed 2025 Whites and 1156 Blacks for 25 years from 1986 to 2011...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
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