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Women's mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098398/depression-and-discrimination-in-the-lives-of-women-transgender-and-gender-liminal-people-in-ontario-canada
#1
Charmaine C Williams, Deone Curling, Leah S Steele, Margaret F Gibson, Andrea Daley, Datejie Cheko Green, Lori E Ross
This article uses an intersectionality lens to explore how experiences of race, gender, sexuality, class and their intersections are associated with depression and unmet need for mental healthcare in a population of 704 women and transgender/gender liminal people from Ontario, Canada. A survey collecting demographic information, information about mental health and use of mental healthcare services, and data for the Everyday Discrimination Scale and the PHQ-9 Questionnaire for Depression was completed by 704 people via Internet or pen-and-paper between June 2011 and June 2012...
January 18, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096007/health-related-quality-of-life-and-depressive-symptoms-among-seropositive-african-americans
#2
Christopher Lance Coleman
The primary aim of this descriptive correlational study was to determine which domains of health related quality of life (HRQOL) after controlling for demographic correlates predict depressive symptoms among N=70 seropositive African American men and women on Active Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). A demographic questionnaire, the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CESD-D), and the SF-36 Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) scale were administered. The regression analyses resulted in three models...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095887/association-between-midlife-health-behaviours-and-transitions-out-of-employment-from-midlife-to-early-old-age-whitehall-ii-cohort-study
#3
Gareth Hagger-Johnson, Ewan Carr, Emily Murray, Stephen Stansfeld, Nicola Shelton, Mai Stafford, Jenny Head
BACKGROUND: It is important to determine whether unhealthy behaviours might influence transitions out of employment from midlife to old age, given the anticipated need for adults to work for longer. Our aim was to determine the association between repeated assessments of cigarette smoking, heavy/problem alcohol drinking, low physical activity and poor diet at midlife, in relation to work exit from midlife to old age. METHODS: Data from 7704 participants (5392 men) from the Whitehall II cohort study in employment at midlife were used to evaluate the association between unhealthy behaviours and a subsequent transition out of work during 22 years follow-up, using logistic regression models...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095827/lessons-learned-from-the-london-exercise-and-pregnant-leap-smokers-randomised-controlled-trial-process-evaluation-implications-for-the-design-of-physical-activity-for-smoking-cessation-interventions-during-pregnancy
#4
Nikoletta Giatras, Elisabeth Wanninkhof, Miranda Leontowitsch, Beth Lewis, Adrian Taylor, Sue Cooper, Michael Ussher
BACKGROUND: The challenges of delivering interventions for pregnant smokers have been poorly documented. Also, the process of promoting a physical activity intervention for pregnant smokers has not been previously recorded. This study describes the experiences of researchers conducting a randomised controlled trial of physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation during pregnancy and explores how the effectiveness of future interventions could be improved. METHODS: Two focus groups, with independent facilitators, were conducted with six researchers who had enrolled pregnant smokers in the LEAP trial, provided the interventions, and administered the research measures...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095461/the-impact-of-antenatal-depression-on-perinatal-outcomes-in-australian-women
#5
John Eastwood, Felix A Ogbo, Alexandra Hendry, Justine Noble, Andrew Page
BACKGROUND: In Australia, there is limited evidence on the impact of antenatal depression on perinatal outcomes. This study investigates the association between maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy and key perinatal outcomes, including birth weight, gestational age at birth, breastfeeding indicators and postnatal depressive symptoms. METHOD: A retrospective cohort of mothers (N = 17,564) of all infants born in public health facilities within South Western Sydney Local Health District and Sydney Local Health District in 2014, in the state of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, was enumerated from routinely collected antenatal data to investigate the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes associated with maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095340/body-image-in-patients-with-mental-disorders-characteristics-associations-with-diagnosis-and-treatment-outcome
#6
Mia Scheffers, Jooske T van Busschbach, Ruud J Bosscher, Liza C Aerts, Durk Wiersma, Robert A Schoevers
OBJECTIVE: Despite the increasing recognition in clinical practice of body image problems in other than appearance related mental disorders, the question remains how aspects of body image are affected in different disorders. The aim of this study was to measure body image in patients with a variety of mental disorders and to compare scores with those in the general population in order to obtain more insight in the relative disturbance of body image in the patients group compared to healthy controls...
January 10, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095133/trauma-exposure-and-disordered-eating-a-qualitative-study
#7
Jessica Y Breland, Rosemary Donalson, Julie V Dinh, Shira Maguen
Quantitative studies have demonstrated a positive association between trauma exposure and disordered eating. However, reasons for this relationship are unclear. We used qualitative methods to understand why some individuals exposed to trauma report disordered eating. We conducted five focus groups and two dyadic interviews between Spring 2013 and Fall 2014 with women at a Veterans Health Administration medical center (N = 20). Most participants were recruited from outpatient mental health clinics. Participants completed demographic and psychological questionnaires...
January 17, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093729/knowledge-about-attitude-toward-and-practice-of-skin-lightening-products-use-and-its-social-correlates-among-university-students-in-five-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean-countries
#8
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge about, attitude toward, and use of skin lightening products (SLP) and its social and psychological correlates among university students from five Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries. METHODS: In a cross sectional survey, 3259 undergraduate university students (Mean age = 20.5 years, SD = 1.6) from five ASEAN countries responded to an anonymous questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify associations between sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge, attitude, poor mental health, and SLP use...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093448/eating-alone-yet-living-with-others-is-associated-with-mortality-in-older-men-the-jages-cohort-survey
#9
Yukako Tani, Naoki Kondo, Hisashi Noma, Yasuhiro Miyaguni, Masashige Saito, Katsunori Kondo
OBJECTIVES: Eating by oneself may be a risk factor for poor nutritional and mental statuses among older adults. However, their longitudinal association with mortality in relation to coresidential status is unknown. METHOD: We conducted a 3-year follow-up of participants in the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study, a population-based cohort of 65 years or older Japanese adults. We analyzed mortality for 33,083 men and 38,698 women from 2010 to 2013 and used. Cox regression models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) for mortality...
January 15, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093055/low-rates-of-hiv-testing-among-adults-with-severe-mental-illness-receiving-care-in-community-mental-health-settings
#10
Christina Mangurian, Francine Cournos, Dean Schillinger, Eric Vittinghoff, Jennifer M Creasman, Bernard Lee, Penelope Knapp, Elena Fuentes-Afflick, James W Dilley
OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to characterize HIV testing rates among Medicaid recipients with severe mental illness who received public specialty mental health services. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study examined California Medicaid records from October 1, 2010, to September 30, 2011 (N=56,895). Study participants were between age 18 and 67, utilized specialty mental health care services, were prescribed antipsychotic medications, and were not dually eligible for Medicare...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090336/medical-feminism-working-mothers-and-the-limits-of-home-finding-a-balance-between-self-care-and-other-care-in-cross-cultural-debates-about-health-and-lifestyle-1952-1956
#11
Frederick Cooper
Post-war medical debates about the psychiatric consequences of married women's economic behaviour witnessed far more divergence and collision between perspectives than has often been acknowledged. Practitioners who approached women primarily as facilitators of family health-as wives and mothers-were mistrustful of the competing demands presented by paid employment. They were faced by a growing spectrum of opinion, however, which represented women as atrophying in the confines of domestic life, and which positioned work as a therapeutic act...
July 12, 2016: Palgrave Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089487/estimation-of-national-regional-and-global-prevalence-of-alcohol-use-during-pregnancy-and-fetal-alcohol-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Svetlana Popova, Shannon Lange, Charlotte Probst, Gerrit Gmel, Jürgen Rehm
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use during pregnancy is the direct cause of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). We aimed to estimate the prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and FAS in the general population and, by linking these two indicators, estimate the number of pregnant women that consumed alcohol during pregnancy per one case of FAS. METHODS: We began by doing two independent comprehensive systematic literature searches using multiple electronic databases for original quantitative studies that reported the prevalence in the general population of the respective country of alcohol use during pregnancy published from Jan 1, 1984, to June 30, 2014, or the prevalence of FAS published from Nov 1, 1973, to June 30, 2015, in a peer-reviewed journal or scholarly report...
January 12, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086835/stunting-and-severe-stunting-among-children-under-5%C3%A2-years-in-nigeria-a-multilevel-analysis
#13
Blessing Jaka Akombi, Kingsley Emwinyore Agho, John Joseph Hall, Dafna Merom, Thomas Astell-Burt, Andre M N Renzaho
BACKGROUND: Stunting has been identified as one of the major proximal risk factors for poor physical and mental development of children under-5 years. Stunting predominantly occurs in the first 1000 days of life (0-23 months) and continues to the age of five. This study examines factors associated with stunting and severe stunting among children under-5 years in Nigeria. METHODS: The sample included 24,529 children aged 0-59 months from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS)...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086827/mothers-accounts-of-the-impact-on-emotional-wellbeing-of-organised-peer-support-in-pregnancy-and-early-parenthood-a-qualitative-study
#14
Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: The transition to parenthood is a potentially vulnerable time for mothers' mental health and approximately 9-21% of women experience depression and/or anxiety at this time. Many more experience sub-clinical symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as stress, low self-esteem and a loss of confidence. Women's emotional wellbeing is more at risk if they have little social support, a low income, are single parents or have a poor relationship with their partner. Peer support can comprise emotional, affirmational, informational and practical support; evidence of its impact on emotional wellbeing during pregnancy and afterwards is mixed...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086812/person-centred-care-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-cross-sectional-study-of-patients-desires-for-self-management-support
#15
Kathryn Havas, Clint Douglas, Ann Bonner
BACKGROUND: People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) must self-manage their illness to assist with slowing disease-progression, but this is a complex task requiring support from healthcare professionals. Despite the established importance of person-centred care, people with CKD are rarely consulted regarding their desires for self-management support (SMS). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted face-to-face in a Queensland primary care clinic and distributed Australia-wide via an online interface promoted by Kidney Health Australia during 2015...
January 13, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081337/do-anxiety-and-depression-statuses-differ-in-differentpolycystic-ovary-syndrome-phenotypes
#16
Derya Akdağ Cirik, Berna Dilbaz, Sezin Aksakal, Zeynep Kotan, Runa Özelçi, Funda Akpınar, Leyla Mollamahmutoğlu
BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate psychological parameters and health quality profiles in women with reproductive polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) phenotypes and age matched controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study groups included 101 women with PCOS (54 with the National Institutes of Health [NIH] phenotype and 47 with the non-NIH phenotype) and 49 healthy female controls. The participants completed anxiety and depression scales and four quality of life domains. RESULTS: We identified the women with PCOS as having a 3...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080967/affective-touch-and-attachment-style-modulate-pain-a-laser-evoked-potentials-study
#17
Charlotte Krahé, Marianne M Drabek, Yannis Paloyelis, Aikaterini Fotopoulou
Affective touch and cutaneous pain are two sub-modalities of interoception with contrasting affective qualities (pleasantness/unpleasantness) and social meanings (care/harm), yet their direct relationship has not been investigated. In 50 women, taking into account individual attachment styles, we assessed the role of affective touch and particularly the contribution of the C tactile (CT) system in subjective and electrophysiological responses to noxious skin stimulation, namely N1 and N2-P2 laser-evoked potentials...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080101/racial-discrimination-and-psychological-health-among-polynesians-in-the-u-s
#18
G E Kawika Allen, Hokule'a Conklin, Davis K Kane
OBJECTIVES: There is a dearth of research on the mental health of Polynesians residing in the United States. The aims of this study were to examine experiences of racial discrimination, self-esteem, trait anger, satisfaction with life, and psychological well-being among 628 Polynesians (e.g., Native Hawaiian, Tongan, Samoan, Fijian, Tahitian, Maori; 60% women (n = 378) and 40% men (n = 249); mean age = 28.7). METHOD: Measures were administered through an online survey to 628 Polynesians residing in the United States...
January 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078472/using-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-for-women-and-men-some-cautionary-thoughts
#19
Stephen Matthey, Francesca Agostini
The objective of the study was to critically consider some of the possible limitations in the Edinburgh Depression Scale (EDS), given that great emphasis is put on the results of this measure within both clinical and research fields. Using findings and discussion points from other studies, as well as from a critical analysis of issues by the authors based upon their clinical and research experience, possible limitations with the scale in nine areas are discussed. Possible limitations include the following: (1) ambiguous items, (2) exclusion of certain types of distress, (3) scoring difficulties, (4) low positive predictive value, (5) frequent use of incorrect cut-off scores, (6) a vast array of validated cut-off scores, (7) validation against a questionable gold-standard, (8) limited anxiety detection and of depressive symptoms in men, and (9) many screen positive women only have transient distress...
January 11, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077179/scared-behind-the-wheel-what-impact-does-driving-anxiety-have-on-the-health-and-well-being-of-young-older-adults
#20
Megan E Hempel, Joanne E Taylor, Martin J Connolly, Fiona M Alpass, Christine V Stephens
BACKGROUND: Driving anxiety can range from driving reluctance to driving phobia, and 20% of young older adults experience mild driving anxiety, whereas 6% report moderate to severe driving anxiety. However, we do not know what impact driving anxiety has on health and well-being, especially among older drivers. This is problematic because there is a growing proportion of older adult drivers and a potential for driving anxiety to result in premature driving cessation that can impact on health and mortality...
January 12, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
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