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Primary care mental health integration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920521/implementing-evidence-based-smoking-cessation-treatment-in-psychosocial-care-units-caps-in-brazil
#1
João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Nilson R da Silva, Marta Rd Campos, Helena F Moura, Gustavo Zabert, Beatriz M Champagne, Katherine E Kemper, J Taylor Hays
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of smoking among mental health and addiction (MHA) patients is 3 times higher than it is in the general population, yet this patient population has received little help to combat smoking. Considering this, psychosocial care centers (CAPS - Centros de Atenção Psicossocial) are strategic locations for integrating tobacco dependence treatment (TDT) into existing treatment activities. METHODS: Our team provided an 8-hour training package to the staff of CAPS that have not been providing specialized TDT for smokers...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916018/essential-elements-of-a-collaborative-mental-health-training-program-for-primary-care
#2
REVIEW
Lisa L Giles, D Richard Martini
Mental health integration in primary care is based on creating an environment that encourages collaboration and supports appropriate care for patients and families while offering a full range of services. Training programs for primary care practitioners should include sessions on how to build and maintain such a practice along with information on basic mental health competencies.
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916015/evaluating-integrated-mental-health-care-programs-for-children-and-youth
#3
REVIEW
Lawrence S Wissow, Jonathan D Brown, Robert J Hilt, Barry D Sarvet
Evaluations of integrated care programs share many characteristics of evaluations of other complex health system interventions. However, evaluating integrated care for child and adolescent mental health poses special challenges that stem from the broad range of social, emotional, and developmental problems that need to be addressed; the need to integrate care for other family members; and the lack of evidence-based interventions already adapted for primary care settings. Integrated care programs for children's mental health need to adapt and learn on the fly, so that evaluations may best be viewed through the lens of continuous quality improvement rather than evaluations of fixed programs...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916006/using-effective-public-private-collaboration-to-advance-integrated-care
#4
REVIEW
Lee S Beers, Leandra Godoy, Matthew G Biel
Integrated mental health services within health care settings have many benefits; however, several key barriers pose challenges to fully implemented and coordinated care. Collaborative, multistakeholder efforts, such as health networks, have the potential to overcome prevalent obstacles and to accelerate the dissemination of innovative clinical strategies. In addition to engaging clinical experts, efforts should also include the perspectives of families and communities, a grounding in data and evaluation, and a focus on policy and advocacy...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911130/on-the-ferries-the-unmet-health-care-needs-of-transiting-refugees-in-greece
#5
Clare K Shortall, Rosanna Glazik, Alvin Sornum, Ceri Pritchard
Background: In 2015, over 850 000 refugees, asylum seekers and migrants arrived in Greece. In response to an overwhelming need for access to healthcare for them, Doctors of the World established the Refugee Ferry Project, which comprised of a clinic providing primary health care, and integrated mental health and psychosocial support on board a commercial ferry. Methods: Of the 1405 service users, 87.5% (1229/1405) originated from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. The majority were women 801/1405 (57%) and children 511/1405 (36%), including 50 pregnant women and 19 unaccompanied minors...
September 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904815/predictors-help-seeking-behaviour-and-treatment-coverage-for-depression-in-adults-in-sehore-district-india
#6
Rahul Shidhaye, Tanica Lyngdoh, Vaibhav Murhar, Sandesh Samudre, Thomas Krafft
BACKGROUND: National Mental Health Survey found that in India, the point prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) was 2.7% and the treatment gap was 85.2%, whereas in Madhya Pradesh the point prevalence of MDD was 1.4% and the treatment gap was 80%. AIMS: To describe the baseline prevalence of depression among adults, association of various demographic and socioeconomic variables with depression and estimation of contact coverage for the same. METHOD: Population-based cross-sectional survey of 3220 adults in Sehore district of Madhya Pradesh, India...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901005/delivery-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#7
REVIEW
Agustín Ciapponi, Simon Lewin, Cristian A Herrera, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Elizabeth Paulsen, Gabriel Rada, Charles S Wiysonge, Gabriel Bastías, Lilian Dudley, Signe Flottorp, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Claire Glenton, Charles I Okwundu, Blanca Peñaloza, Fatima Suleman, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: Delivery arrangements include changes in who receives care and when, who provides care, the working conditions of those who provide care, coordination of care amongst different providers, where care is provided, the use of information and communication technology to deliver care, and quality and safety systems. How services are delivered can have impacts on the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of health systems. This broad overview of the findings of systematic reviews can help policymakers and other stakeholders identify strategies for addressing problems and improve the delivery of services...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899439/psychological-morbidity-and-parenting-stress-in-mothers-of-primary-school-children-by-timing-of-acquisition-of-hiv-infection-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-in-rural-south-africa
#8
T J Rochat, B Houle, A Stein, R M Pearson, M L Newell, R M Bland
Longitudinal maternal mental health data are needed from high HIV prevalence settings. The Siyakhula Cohort (SC) is a population-based cohort of HIV-positive and negative mothers (n=1506) with HIV-negative children (n=1536) from rural South Africa. SC includes 767 HIV-negative mothers; 465 HIV-positive in pregnancy; 272 HIV-positive since pregnancy (n=2 missing HIV status). A subgroup (n=890) participated in a non-randomized breastfeeding intervention [Vertical Transmission Study (VTS)]; the remaining (n=616) were resident in the same area and received antenatal care at the time of the VTS, but were not part of the VTS, instead receiving the standard of care Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) Programme...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898197/urgent-need-for-improved-mental-health-care-and-a-more-collaborative-model-of-care
#9
James Lake, Mason Spain Turner
Current treatments and the dominant model of mental health care do not adequately address the complex challenges of mental illness, which accounts for roughly one-third of adult disability globally. These circumstances call for radical change in the paradigm and practices of mental health care, including improving standards of clinician training, developing new research methods, and re-envisioning current models of mental health care delivery. Because of its dominant position in the US health care marketplace and its commitment to research and innovation, Kaiser Permanente (KP) is strategically positioned to make important contributions that will shape the future of mental health care nationally and globally...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893143/integrating-mental-health-professionals-in-residencies-to-reduce-health-disparities
#10
Emilee Delbridge, Max Zubatsky, Jocelyn Fowler
Health disparities in primary care remain a continual challenge for both practitioners and patients alike. Integrating mental health services into routine patient care has been one approach to address such issues, including access to care, stigma of health-care providers, and facilitating underserved patients' needs. This article addresses examples of training programs that have included mental health learners and licensed providers into family medicine residency training clinics. Descriptions of these models at two Midwestern Family Medicine residency clinics in the United States are highlighted...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891393/improving-ambulatory-care-resident-training-preparing-for-opportunities-to-treat-mental-illness-in-the-primary-care-setting
#11
Nada M Farhat, Jolene R Bostwick, Stuart D Rockafellow
PURPOSE: The development of an outpatient psychiatry clinical practice learning experience for PGY2 ambulatory care pharmacy residents in preparation for the treatment of psychiatric disorders in the primary care setting is described. SUMMARY: With the increased prevalence of psychiatric disorders, significant mortality, and limited access to care, integration of mental health treatment into the primary care setting is necessary to improve patient outcomes. Given the majority of mental health treatment occurs in the primary care setting, pharmacists in patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs) are in a unique position with direct access to patients to effectively manage these illnesses...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888151/evaluation-of-the-ac-ok-mental-health-and-substance-abuse-screening-measure-in-an-international-sample-of-latino-immigrants
#12
Ligia M Chavez, Patrick E Shrout, Ye Wang, Francisco Collazos, Rodrigo Carmona, Margarita Alegría
BACKGROUND: Early detection and intervention in primary care is integral to behavioral health. Valid, practical screening assessments are scarce, particularly for non-English speaking populations. We address this need by evaluating the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the AC-OK Screen for Co-occurring Disorders for first and second generation immigrant Latinos in Massachusetts, USA, and Madrid and Barcelona, Spain. METHODS: 567 Latino participants were recruited in waiting areas of clinics or by referral from Primary Care, Mental Health, Substance Use, and HIV Treatment Clinics, as well as Community Agencies...
August 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885930/therapeutic-lifestyle-changes-impact-on-weight-quality-of-life-and-psychiatric-symptoms-in-veterans-with-mental-illness
#13
Jillian M Tessier, Zachary D Erickson, Hilary B Meyer, Matthew R Baker, Hollie A Gelberg, Irina Y Arnold, Crystal Kwan, Valery Chamberlin, Jennifer A Rosen, Chandresh Shah, Gerhard Hellemann, Melissa M Lewis, Charles Nguyen, Neena Sachinvala, Binyamin Amrami, Joseph M Pierre, Donna Ames
INTRODUCTION: Veterans with mental illness tend to have shorter life spans and suboptimal physical health because of a variety of factors. These factors include poor nutrition, being overweight, and smoking cigarettes. Nonphysical contributors that may affect quality of life are the stigma associated with mental illness, social difficulties, and spiritual crises. Current mental health treatment focuses primarily on the delivery of medication and evidence-based psychotherapies, which may not affect all the above areas of a Veteran's life as they focus primarily on improving psychological symptoms...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882749/the-consequences-of-violence-against-nurses-working-in-the-emergency-department-a-qualitative-study
#14
H Hassankhani, N Parizad, J Gacki-Smith, A Rahmani, E Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) in healthcare organizations can lead to serious consequences that negatively affect nurses' lives and patient care. There is limited research on the deeper, underlying consequences of WPV for emergency nurses, particularly among emergency nurses in Iran. METHODS: A qualitative exploratory design was utilized. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with sixteen nurses working in emergency departments in five hospitals in west and east Azerbaijan of Iran...
September 4, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881102/living-with-schizophrenia-health-related-quality-of-life-among-primary-family-caregivers
#15
Chiu-Yueh Hsiao, Chun-Te Lee, Huei-Lan Lu, Yun-Fang Tsai
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine influencing factors of health-related quality of life in primary family caregivers of people with schizophrenia receiving in-patient psychiatric rehabilitation services. BACKGROUND: Families, particularly primary family caregivers, have become more important than ever in mental health care. Yet, research on health-related quality of life among primarily family caregivers is limited. DESIGN: A correlational study design was used...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880738/military-sexual-trauma-and-obesity-among-women-veterans
#16
Nivedita Pandey, Samir N Ashfaq, Edward W Dauterive, Andrea A MacCarthy, Laurel A Copeland
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the experience of military sexual trauma (MST) that may contribute to PTSD, and obesity are three issues that complicate care for our population of new veterans. Our aim was to analyze the association of MST and diagnosed PTSD with obesity among female veterans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women 20-103 years old using the Veterans Health Administration (VA) in fiscal year 2014 (October 2013-September 2014) with diagnosis and body-mass data were identified in administrative databases (213,985 of 404,183 women)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871027/case-management-in-primary-care-among-frequent-users-of-healthcare-services-with-chronic-conditions-protocol-of-a-realist-synthesis
#17
Catherine Hudon, Maud-Christine Chouinard, Kris Aubrey-Bassler, Nazeem Muhajarine, Fred Burge, Pierre Pluye, Paula L Bush, Vivian R Ramsden, France Legare, Line Guenette, Paul Morin, Mireille Lambert, Antoine Groulx, Martine Couture, Cameron Campbell, Margaret Baker, Lynn Edwards, Véronique Sabourin, Claude Spence, Gilles Gauthier, Mike Warren, Julie Godbout, Breanna Davis, Norma Rabbitskin
INTRODUCTION: A common reason for frequent use of healthcare services is the complex healthcare needs of individuals suffering from multiple chronic conditions, especially in combination with mental health comorbidities and/or social vulnerability. Frequent users (FUs) of healthcare services are more at risk for disability, loss of quality of life and mortality. Case management (CM) is a promising intervention to improve care integration for FU and to reduce healthcare costs. This review aims to develop a middle-range theory explaining how CM in primary care improves outcomes among FU with chronic conditions, for what types of FU and in what circumstances...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862917/preparing-the-workforce-for-integrated-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#18
Denise R Black
Integrated healthcare is recommended to deliver care to individuals with co-occurring medical and mental health conditions. This literature review was conducted to identify the knowledge and skills required for behavioral health consultants in integrated settings. A review from 1999 to 2015 identified 68 articles. Eligible studies examined care to the U.S. adult population at the highest level of integration. The results provide evidence of specific knowledge of medical and mental health diagnoses, screening instruments, and intervention skills in integrated primary care, specialty medical, and specialty mental health...
September 1, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859579/understanding-the-cost-of-a-new-integrated-care-model-to-serve-cmhc-patients-who-have-serious-mental-illness
#19
Christina Mangurian, Grace Niu, Dean Schillinger, John W Newcomer, Todd Gilmer
People with serious mental illness, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, experience premature mortality, often from cardiovascular disease (CVD). Unfortunately, people with serious mental illness typically are not screened or treated for CVD risk factors despite national guideline recommendations. Access to primary preventive care in community mental health settings has the potential to reduce early mortality rates in this population. The authors review best practices for developing an integrated care model for people with serious mental illness by considering economic feasibility and sustainability from the perspective of a community mental health clinic (CMHC)...
September 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857007/randomised-trial-of-restorative-home-care-for-frail-older-people-in-new-zealand
#20
Matthew Parsons, Hugh Senior, Ngaire Kerse, Mei-Hua Chen, Stephen Jacobs, Craig Anderson
Aim To establish the effectiveness of a restorative home support service on institutional-free survival in frail older people referred for needs assessment. Method A randomised controlled trial of Community Flexible Integrated Responsive Support Team versus usual care in 113 older people at risk of institutionalisation in New Zealand. Primary outcome was death or permanent institutional care evaluated in a Cox proportional hazards model adjusted for baseline prognostic variables. A variety of secondary outcomes including the health of informal caregivers were also evaluated...
August 31, 2017: Nursing Older People
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