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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483079/factor-analysis-of-y-bocs-checklist-and-severity-scale-among-patients-with-schizophrenia
#1
Sandeep Grover, Devakshi Dua, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
AIM: To carry out factor analysis of YBOCS checklist and YBOCS severity scale among patients with schizophrenia. METHODOLOGY: 181 patients of schizophrenia were assessed on the Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Symptom (YBOCS) checklist, YBOCS severity scale and, positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS). RESULTS: About one fourth (28.18%) of the patients fulfilled the diagnosis of current OCD and 29.83% of patients fulfilled the lifetime diagnosis of OCD...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482321/the-economic-costs-of-hoarding-behaviours-in-local-authority-housing-association-tenants-and-private-home-owners-in-the-north-east-of-england
#2
N Neave, R Caiazza, C Hamilton, L McInnes, T K Saxton, V Deary, M Wood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480002/reduced-reproductive-performance-associated-with-warmer-ambient-temperatures-during-incubation-in-a-winter-breeding-food-storing-passerine
#3
Shannon Whelan, Dan Strickland, Julie Morand-Ferron, D Ryan Norris
Timing of reproduction can influence individual fitness whereby early breeders tend to have higher reproductive success than late breeders. However, the fitness consequences of timing of breeding may also be influenced by environmental conditions after the commencement of breeding. We tested whether ambient temperatures during the incubation and early nestling periods modulated the effect of laying date on brood size and dominant juvenile survival in gray jays (Perisoreus canadensis), a sedentary boreal species whose late winter nesting depends, in part, on caches of perishable food...
May 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452663/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-saving-inventory-revised-in-older-adults
#4
Catherine R Ayers, Mary E Dozier, Tina L Mayes
OBJECTIVES: Hoarding disorder (HD) is a chronic condition characterized by severe impairment in health and functioning for older adults. Researchers and clinicians commonly use the Saving Inventory-Revised (SI-R), a self-report measure validated for the assessment of HD, to establish symptom severity. This study represents the first evaluation of the psychometric properties of the SI-R in a sample of older adults with HD. METHODS: Participants were 156 older adults with HD and 23 older adults with no psychiatric diagnoses...
May 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452646/medication-saving-behaviors-of-older-adults-scale-developed-to-assess-family-caregiver-perspectives
#5
Melanie M VanDyke, Ann M Steffen
OBJECTIVES: This study developed and explored the preliminary reliability and validity of a 6-item Medication Saving Behaviors (MSB) scale when completed by family care partners of older adults. METHODS: Women (N = 119) helping an aging relative with healthcare appointments and medication management completed an online survey including items related to generalized hoarding and medication saving behaviors. RESULTS: The MSB was psychometrically sound and correlated significantly with hoarding scales and reported number of expired and leftover medications...
December 23, 2016: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439243/relationships-between-behavioural-addictions-and-psychiatric-disorders-what-is-known-and-what-is-yet-to-be-learned
#6
Vladan Starcevic, Yasser Khazaal
This article provides a narrative review of the relationships between several behavioural addictions [pathological gambling, problematic Internet use (PIU), problematic online gaming, compulsive sexual behaviour disorder, compulsive buying, and exercise addiction] and psychiatric disorders. Associations between most behavioural addictions and depressive and anxiety disorders are strong and seem relatively non-specific. Strong links with substance use disorders may support the notion that some people are more prone to addictive behaviours, regardless of whether these involve substances or problematic activities...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417150/torpor-patterns-in-common-hamsters-with-and-without-access-to-food-stores
#7
Carina Siutz, Eva Millesi
Hibernating species significantly reduce energy expenditure during winter by entering torpor. Nevertheless, the various benefits of hibernation might be counteracted by negative effects of torpor such as immune depression, oxidative stress, or neuronal impairment. Considering these trade-offs, adequate energy reserves could allow animals to reduce the time spent in torpor or the extent of metabolic depression. Common hamsters use food stores during hibernation and previously documented high individual variations in body temperature patterns during winter could, therefore, be related to differences in external energy reserves...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380121/frequency-and-spatial-distribution-of-animal-and-object-hoarder-behavior-in-curitiba-paran%C3%A3-state-brazil
#8
Graziela Ribeiro da Cunha, Camila Marinelli Martins, Marília de Fátima Ceccon-Valente, Liana Ludielli da Silva, Flavia Dias Martins, Dirciane Floeter, Jyothi Vinnakota Robertson, Fernando Ferreira, Alexander Welker Biondo
This study aimed to establish the frequency and spatial distribution of animal and object hoarding in Curitiba (Paraná State), the eighth most populous city in Brazil. All hoarding complaints received by the City Secretaries of Health, Environment and Social Assistance between September 2013 and April 2015 were collected (n = 226) and suspicious cases were individually investigated. A total of 113/226 (50%) of complaints were confirmed as hoarding cases, representing an overall ratio of 6.45 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in Curitiba, of which 48/113 (42...
March 30, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379724/parsing-the-phenotype-of-obsessive-compulsive-tic-disorder-octd-a-multidisciplinary-consensus
#9
Bernardo Dell'Osso, Donatella Marazziti, Umberto Albert, Stefano Pallanti, Orsola Gambini, Antonio Tundo, Carlotta Zanaboni, Domenico Servello, Renata Rizzo, Luciana Scalone, Beatrice Benatti, A Carlo Altamura, Mauro Porta
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Tic Disorder (TD) are highly disabling and often comorbid conditions. Of note, the DSM-5 acknowledged a new 'tic-related' specifier for OCD, which might be referred to as Obsessive-Compulsive Tic Disorder (OCTD), raising new interest toward a better clinical characterisation of affected patients. Available literature indicates that early onset, male gender, sensory phenomena and obsessions of symmetry, aggressiveness, hoarding, exactness and sounds as well as comorbidity with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may be of more frequent observation in patients with OCTD...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363086/phenomenology-of-hoarding-in-children-with-comorbid-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-the-perceptions-of-parents
#10
Fiona A Lynch, Richard Moulding, Jane A McGillivray
Individuals with ADHD and comorbid hoarding disorder are vulnerable to severe consequences from hoarding symptoms. Despite this, and the early onset of hoarding disorder, the nature of hoarding symptoms in children with comorbid ADHD is unknown. We therefore explored the phenomenology of hoarding symptoms among ten 8-12year olds with ADHD and clinically significant hoarding symptoms through parental perceptions. Parents completed in-depth semi-structured interviews. The data was analyzed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis...
March 16, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359017/an-investigation-of-doubt-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#11
Jack Samuels, O Joseph Bienvenu, Janice Krasnow, Ying Wang, Marco A Grados, Bernadette Cullen, Fernando S Goes, Brion Maher, Benjamin D Greenberg, Nicole C McLaughlin, Steven A Rasmussen, Abby J Fyer, James A Knowles, Paul Nestadt, James T McCracken, John Piacentini, Dan Geller, David L Pauls, S Evelyn Stewart, Dennis L Murphy, Yin-Yao Shugart, Vidya Kamath, Arnold Bakker, Mark A Riddle, Gerald Nestadt
BACKGROUND: Clinicians have long considered doubt to be a fundamental characteristic of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, the clinical relevance of doubt in OCD has not been addressed. METHODS: Participants included 1182 adults with OCD who had participated in family and genetic studies of OCD. We used a clinical measure of the severity of doubt, categorized as none, mild, moderate, severe, or extreme. We evaluated the relationship between doubt and OCD clinical features, Axis I disorders, personality and personality disorder dimensions, impairment, and treatment response...
May 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303393/effective-nut-dispersal-by-magpies-pica-pica-l-in-a-mediterranean-agroecosystem
#12
Jorge Castro, Mercedes Molina-Morales, Alexandro B Leverkus, Loreto Martínez-Baroja, Lorenzo Pérez-Camacho, Pedro Villar-Salvador, Salvador Rebollo, José M Rey-Benayas
Scatter-hoarding animals such as corvids play a crucial role in the dispersal of nut-producing tree species. This interaction is well known for some corvids, but remains elusive for other species such as the magpie (Pica pica), an abundant corvid in agroecosystems and open landscapes of the Palearctic region. In addition, the establishment of the individual dispersed seeds-a prerequisite for determining seed-dispersal effectiveness-has never before been documented for the interaction between corvids and nut-producing trees...
May 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280312/self-medication-practice-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Mohammed Biset Ayalew
BACKGROUND: Self-medication patterns vary among different populations, and are influenced by many factors. No review has been done that comprehensively expresses self-medication practice in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to provide an overview of the literature on self-medication practice in Ethiopia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, ResearchGate, and Hinari) were searched for published studies on the practice of self-medication in Ethiopia without restriction in the year of publication or methodology...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279877/a-model-based-analysis-of-decision-making-under-risk-in-obsessive-compulsive-and-hoarding-disorders
#14
Gabriel J Aranovich, Daniel R Cavagnaro, Mark A Pitt, Jay I Myung, Carol A Mathews
Attitudes towards risk are highly consequential in clinical disorders thought to be prone to "risky behavior", such as substance dependence, as well as those commonly associated with excessive risk aversion, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and hoarding disorder (HD). Moreover, it has recently been suggested that attitudes towards risk may serve as a behavioral biomarker for OCD. We investigated the risk preferences of participants with OCD and HD using a novel adaptive task and a quantitative model from behavioral economics that decomposes risk preferences into outcome sensitivity and probability sensitivity...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163996/acceptability-of-treatments-and-services-for-individuals-with-hoarding-behaviors
#15
Carolyn I Rodriguez, Amanda Levinson, Sapana R Patel, Kim Rottier, Jordana Zwerling, Susan Essock, Lee Shuer, Randy O Frost, Helen Blair Simpson
OBJECTIVE: To explore the acceptability of currently available treatments and services for individuals who self-report hoarding behaviors. METHOD: Between 10/2013 and 8/2014, participants were invited to complete an online survey that provided them descriptions of eleven treatments and services for hoarding behaviors and asked them to evaluate their acceptability using quantitative (0 [not at all acceptable] -10 [completely acceptable]) Likert scale ratings. The a priori definition of acceptability for a given resource was an average Likert scale score of six or greater...
October 2016: Journal of Obsessive-compulsive and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162112/hoarding-in-the-elderly-a-critical-review-of-the-recent-literature
#16
David M Roane, Alyssa Landers, Jackson Sherratt, Gillian S Wilson
BACKGROUND: Hoarding is now a stand-alone diagnosis in DSM-5. The objective of this review is to critically evaluate the most recent literature on hoarding disorder (HD) in ageing patients. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed and PsychINFO to identify papers from 2000 to 2015 that examined HD and hoarding symptoms in late-life participants. RESULTS: Thirteen studies met inclusion criteria. Selected studies had significant methodological limitations with regard to participant sampling, diagnostic criteria, and methods for identifying co-morbid conditions...
February 6, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152463/symptom-subtype-and-quality-of-life-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#17
Carly M Schwartzman, Christina L Boisseau, Nicholas J Sibrava, Maria C Mancebo, Jane L Eisen, Steven A Rasmussen
Quality of life (QoL) is significantly impaired in OCD across several facets of life, such as social, occupational, and family functioning, subjective sense of well-being, and enjoyment of leisure activities. The present study examined the relationship between 5 symptom subtypes of OCD (contamination, symmetry, hoarding, overresponsibility for harm, and taboo) and QoL. Participants were 325 adults with OCD enrolled in the Brown Longitudinal Obsessive Compulsive Study. Hierarchical linear regression analyses indicated hoarding, contamination, symmetry, and overresponsibility for harm were associated with impairment in household functioning, enjoyment of leisure activities, social relationships, and physical health...
March 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127116/evidence-against-observational-spatial-memory-for-cache-locations-of-conspecifics-in-marsh-tits-poecile-palustris
#18
A Utku Urhan, Ellen Emilsson, Anders Brodin
ABSTRACT: Many species in the family Paridae, such as marsh tits Poecile palustris, are large-scale scatter hoarders of food that make cryptic caches and disperse these in large year-round territories. The perhaps most well-known species in the family, the great tit Parus major, does not store food itself but is skilled in stealing caches from the other species. We have previously demonstrated that great tits are able to memorise positions of caches they have observed marsh tits make and later return and steal the food...
2017: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098171/metallurgical-investigation-on-fourth-century-bce-silver-jewellery-of-two-hoards-from-samaria
#19
D Ashkenazi, H Gitler, A Stern, O Tal
A fourth century BCE silver jewellery collection, which is part of two hoards of Samarian coins (the Samaria and Nablus Hoards), was studied by non-destructive analyses. The collection, which consists of pendants, rings, beads and earrings, had been examined by visual testing, multi-focal microscopy and SEM-EDS analysis. In order to enhance our knowledge of past technologies of silver jewellery production, we developed a metallurgical methodology based on the chemical composition of the joints and bulk. The results show that all artefacts are made of silver containing a small percentage of copper...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092759/effects-of-donor-proliferation-in-development-aid-for-health-on-health-program-performance-a-conceptual-framework
#20
REVIEW
Sarah Wood Pallas, Jennifer Prah Ruger
Development aid for health increased dramatically during the past two decades, raising concerns about inefficiency and lack of coherence among the growing number of global health donors. However, we lack a framework for how donor proliferation affects health program performance to inform theory-based evaluation of aid effectiveness policies. A review of academic and gray literature was conducted. Data were extracted from the literature sample on study design and evidence for hypothesized effects of donor proliferation on health program performance, which were iteratively grouped into categories and mapped into a new conceptual framework...
January 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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