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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624479/food-restriction-induced-changes-in-motivation-differ-with-stages-of-the-estrous-cycle-and-are-closely-linked-to-rfamide-related-peptide-3-but-not-kisspeptin-in-syrian-hamsters
#1
REVIEW
Noah A Benton, Kim A Russo, Jeremy M Brozek, Ryan Andrews, Veronica Kim, Lance J Kriegsfeld, Jill E Schneider
We tested the hypothesis that the effects of food restriction on behavioral motivation are mediated by one or both of the RFamides, RFamide-related Peptide-3 (RFRP-3) and kisspeptin (Kp) in female Syrian hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus). Female hamsters fed ad libitum and given a choice between food and adult male hamsters are highly motivated to visit males instead of food on all four days of the estrous cycle, but after 8days of mild food restriction (75% of ad libitum intake) they shift their preference toward food every day of the estrous cycle until the day of estrus, when they shift their preference back toward the males...
June 14, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612687/expert-commentary-and-author-response-relating-to-case-study-in-issue-24-2-pp-251-255-ethical-issues-of-allowing-self-care-home-peritoneal-dialysis-in-the-presence-of-hoarding-by-maria-o-shaughnessy
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607527/school-opportunity-hoarding-racial-segregation-and-access-to-high-growth-schools
#3
Paul Hanselman, Jeremy E Fiel
Persistent school segregation may allow advantaged groups to hoard educational opportunities and consign minority students to lower-quality educational experiences. Although minority students are concentrated in low-achieving schools, relatively little previous research directly links segregation to measures of school quality based on student achievement growth, which more plausibly reflect learning opportunities. Using a dataset of public elementary schools in California, this study provides the first analysis detailing the distribution of a growth-based measure of school quality using standard inequality indices, allowing disparities to be decomposed across geographic and organizational scales...
March 2017: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606301/-treating-hoarding-disorder-in-a-12-year-old-boy
#4
Tanja Margrethe Gjerlev Andersen, Per Hove Thomsen
In this case report hoarding disorder is described in a 12-year-old boy who suffered from obsessive collection of things. The disorder is a separate diagnostic entity in DSM-5, and it will probably be a separate disorder in ICD-11 called hoarding disorder. The disorder is generally considered difficult to treat, but this case report describes significant reduction in hoarding symptoms on cognitive behavioural therapy and treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.
June 5, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605267/hoarding-behaviors-and-alcohol-use-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-dysregulation
#5
Amanda M Raines, Jesus Chavarria, Nicholas P Allan, Nicole A Short, Norman B Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Despite recent research establishing high rates of comorbidity between hoarding disorder and alcohol use disorders (AUD), no studies have systemically examined the associations between symptoms of hoarding and alcohol use. Moreover, no studies have explored potential mechanisms that may help to explain these relations. OBJECTIVES: Thus, the current study was designed to examine the associations between hoarding and AUD symptoms, as well as the mediating role of emotion dysregulation...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601822/effectiveness-of-a-workshop-on-decluttering-and-organising-programme-for-teens-and-middle-aged-adults-with-difficulty-decluttering-a-study-protocol-of-an-open-label-randomised-parallel-group-superiority-trial-in-japan
#6
Yasuko Aso, Kazue Yamaoka, Asuka Nemoto, Yuki Naganuma, Masashige Saito
INTRODUCTION: Hoarding disorder can cause problems with work performance, personal hygiene, health and well-being. The disorder is a growing social problem in Japan. Having difficulty discarding rubbish, decluttering and organising can signal a future hoarding disorder, and early intervention is important. We developed an educational workshop on decluttering and organising for teens and adults with difficulty organising. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a workshop for reducing clutter and improving quality of life among younger people with difficulty decluttering and organising...
June 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575261/elder-self-neglect-and-suicidal-ideation-in-an-u-s-chinese-aging-population-findings-from-the-pine-study
#7
XinQi Dong, Ying Xu, Ding Ding
Background: Self-neglect and suicidal ideations are important public health issues among the aging population. This study aims to examine the association between self-neglect, its phenotypes, and suicidal ideation among U.S. Chinese older adults. Methods: Guided by a community-based participatory research approach, the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (PINE) study is a population-based epidemiological study conducted from 2011 to 2013 among 3,159 Chinese older adults aged 60 years and older in the Greater Chicago area...
July 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558897/a-systematic-review-and-quality-assessment-of-psychological-pharmacological-and-family-based-interventions-for-hoarding-disorder
#8
REVIEW
Claire Thompson, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, David Mataix-Cols, Juliana Onwumere
INTRODUCTION: Hoarding disorder (HD) affects at least 1.5% of the population and is considered to be hard to treat. The current study aimed to systematically review the treatments designed to improve HD symptoms and family impact. METHOD: Searches of PsycINFO, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Web of Science were undertaken. Studies were included if: (i) the study evaluated an intervention for hoarding problems; (ii) outcome measures were reported; and (iii) study results were published in an indexed journal or were a published abstract from a professional/research conference...
June 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555952/students-opinions-on-welfare-and-ethics-issues-for-companion-animals-in-australian-and-new-zealand-veterinary-schools
#9
C Degeling, A Fawcett, T Collins, S Hazel, J Johnson, J Lloyd, Cjc Phillips, K Stafford, V Tzioumis, P McGreevy
OBJECTIVE: To determine what veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand consider important competences in companion animal welfare and ethics (AWE) required on their first day of practice, and to explore how their priorities relate to gender and stage of study. METHODS: Undergraduate students at all veterinary schools in Australia and New Zealand were sent an online survey. A subset of questions required participants to rank the importance of preselected AWE topics pertaining to companion animals...
June 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541646/cognitive-rehabilitation-and-exposure-sorting-therapy-crest-for-hoarding-disorder-in-older-adults-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Catherine R Ayers, Mary E Dozier, Elizabeth W Twamley, Sanjaya Saxena, Eric Granholm, Tina L Mayes, Julie Loebach Wetherell
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of Cognitive Rehabilitation and Exposure/Sorting Therapy (CREST) with geriatric case management (CM) in a sample of older adults meeting DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for hoarding disorder (HD). METHODS: Fifty-eight older adults with HD were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial between December 2011 and March 2014. Thirty-one participants received CREST, and 27 participants received CM. Both interventions consisted of 26 individual sessions over a period of 6 months and included several home visits by the study therapists (CREST) or nurses (CM)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533685/factor-structure-reliability-and-validity-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-hoarding-rating-scale-self-report-hrs-sr-j
#11
Aki Tsuchiyagaito, Satoshi Horiuchi, Toko Igarashi, Yoshiya Kawanori, Yoshiyuki Hirano, Hirooki Yabe, Akiko Nakagawa
BACKGROUND: The Hoarding Rating Scale-Self-Report (HRS-SR) is a five-item scale that assesses the symptoms of hoarding. These symptoms include excessive acquisition, difficulty in discarding, and excessive clutter that causes distress. We conducted three studies to examine the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Japanese version of the HRS-SR (HRS-SR-J). METHODS: Study 1 examined its reliability; 193 college students and 320 adolescents and adults completed the HRS-SR-J and, of the college students, 32 took it again 2 weeks later...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483079/factor-analysis-of-y-bocs-checklist-and-severity-scale-among-patients-with-schizophrenia
#12
Sandeep Grover, Devakshi Dua, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
AIM: To carry out factor analysis of YBOCS checklist and YBOCS severity scale among patients with schizophrenia. METHODOLOGY: 181 patients of schizophrenia were assessed on the Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Symptom (YBOCS) checklist, YBOCS severity scale and, positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS). RESULTS: About one fourth (28.18%) of the patients fulfilled the diagnosis of current OCD and 29.83% of patients fulfilled the lifetime diagnosis of OCD...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482321/the-economic-costs-of-hoarding-behaviours-in-local-authority-housing-association-tenants-and-private-home-owners-in-the-north-east-of-england
#13
N Neave, R Caiazza, C Hamilton, L McInnes, T K Saxton, V Deary, M Wood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480002/reduced-reproductive-performance-associated-with-warmer-ambient-temperatures-during-incubation-in-a-winter-breeding-food-storing-passerine
#14
Shannon Whelan, Dan Strickland, Julie Morand-Ferron, D Ryan Norris
Timing of reproduction can influence individual fitness whereby early breeders tend to have higher reproductive success than late breeders. However, the fitness consequences of timing of breeding may also be influenced by environmental conditions after the commencement of breeding. We tested whether ambient temperatures during the incubation and early nestling periods modulated the effect of laying date on brood size and dominant juvenile survival in gray jays (Perisoreus canadensis), a sedentary boreal species whose late winter nesting depends, in part, on caches of perishable food...
May 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452663/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-saving-inventory-revised-in-older-adults
#15
Catherine R Ayers, Mary E Dozier, Tina L Mayes
OBJECTIVES: Hoarding disorder (HD) is a chronic condition characterized by severe impairment in health and functioning for older adults. Researchers and clinicians commonly use the Saving Inventory-Revised (SI-R), a self-report measure validated for the assessment of HD, to establish symptom severity. This study represents the first evaluation of the psychometric properties of the SI-R in a sample of older adults with HD. METHODS: Participants were 156 older adults with HD and 23 older adults with no psychiatric diagnoses...
May 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452646/medication-saving-behaviors-of-older-adults-scale-developed-to-assess-family-caregiver-perspectives
#16
Melanie M VanDyke, Ann M Steffen
OBJECTIVES: This study developed and explored the preliminary reliability and validity of a 6-item Medication Saving Behaviors (MSB) scale when completed by family care partners of older adults. METHODS: Women (N = 119) helping an aging relative with healthcare appointments and medication management completed an online survey including items related to generalized hoarding and medication saving behaviors. RESULTS: The MSB was psychometrically sound and correlated significantly with hoarding scales and reported number of expired and leftover medications...
December 23, 2016: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439243/relationships-between-behavioural-addictions-and-psychiatric-disorders-what-is-known-and-what-is-yet-to-be-learned
#17
Vladan Starcevic, Yasser Khazaal
This article provides a narrative review of the relationships between several behavioural addictions [pathological gambling, problematic Internet use (PIU), problematic online gaming, compulsive sexual behaviour disorder, compulsive buying, and exercise addiction] and psychiatric disorders. Associations between most behavioural addictions and depressive and anxiety disorders are strong and seem relatively non-specific. Strong links with substance use disorders may support the notion that some people are more prone to addictive behaviours, regardless of whether these involve substances or problematic activities...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417150/torpor-patterns-in-common-hamsters-with-and-without-access-to-food-stores
#18
Carina Siutz, Eva Millesi
Hibernating species significantly reduce energy expenditure during winter by entering torpor. Nevertheless, the various benefits of hibernation might be counteracted by negative effects of torpor such as immune depression, oxidative stress, or neuronal impairment. Considering these trade-offs, adequate energy reserves could allow animals to reduce the time spent in torpor or the extent of metabolic depression. Common hamsters use food stores during hibernation and previously documented high individual variations in body temperature patterns during winter could, therefore, be related to differences in external energy reserves...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380121/frequency-and-spatial-distribution-of-animal-and-object-hoarder-behavior-in-curitiba-paran%C3%A3-state-brazil
#19
Graziela Ribeiro da Cunha, Camila Marinelli Martins, Marília de Fátima Ceccon-Valente, Liana Ludielli da Silva, Flavia Dias Martins, Dirciane Floeter, Jyothi Vinnakota Robertson, Fernando Ferreira, Alexander Welker Biondo
This study aimed to establish the frequency and spatial distribution of animal and object hoarding in Curitiba (Paraná State), the eighth most populous city in Brazil. All hoarding complaints received by the City Secretaries of Health, Environment and Social Assistance between September 2013 and April 2015 were collected (n = 226) and suspicious cases were individually investigated. A total of 113/226 (50%) of complaints were confirmed as hoarding cases, representing an overall ratio of 6.45 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in Curitiba, of which 48/113 (42...
March 30, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379724/parsing-the-phenotype-of-obsessive-compulsive-tic-disorder-octd-a-multidisciplinary-consensus
#20
Bernardo Dell'Osso, Donatella Marazziti, Umberto Albert, Stefano Pallanti, Orsola Gambini, Antonio Tundo, Carlotta Zanaboni, Domenico Servello, Renata Rizzo, Luciana Scalone, Beatrice Benatti, A Carlo Altamura, Mauro Porta
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Tic Disorder (TD) are highly disabling and often comorbid conditions. Of note, the DSM-5 acknowledged a new 'tic-related' specifier for OCD, which might be referred to as Obsessive-Compulsive Tic Disorder (OCTD), raising new interest toward a better clinical characterisation of affected patients. Available literature indicates that early onset, male gender, sensory phenomena and obsessions of symmetry, aggressiveness, hoarding, exactness and sounds as well as comorbidity with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may be of more frequent observation in patients with OCTD...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
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