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"Atrial septal defect"

Ihssane El Bouchikhi, Laila Bouguenouch, Fatima Zohra Moufid, Mohammed Iraqui Houssaini, Khadija Belhassan, Imane Samri, Ayoub Tahri Joutei, Karim Ouldim, Samir Atmani
OBJECTIVE: Secundum atrial septal defect (ASDII) has multifactorial etiology that is combination of environmental (e.g., mother's exposure to toxicity, ethnicity) and genetic causes. Aim of the present study was to screen a Moroccan population with ASDII for NKX2-5 variants and to assess risk factors that may contribute to emergence of the disorder. METHODS: Thirty-two non-syndromic ASDII patients were screened for NKX2-5 variants using direct sequencing of polymerase chain reactionamplified coding regions...
October 12, 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Rajesh Vijayvergiya, Smit Shrivastava
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Jagdish C Mohan, Vishwas Mohan, Madhu Shukla, Arvind Sethi
Hypoplastic right heart syndrome is a rare cyanotic congenital heart disease with under-development of the right ventricle, tricuspid, and pulmonary valves leading to right-to-left shunting of the blood through inter-atrial septal defect. Perinatal mortality is high with very few patients surviving to adulthood without corrective surgery. This report describes a 26-year-old young woman, who had recurrent abortions and stillbirths and detected to have marked cyanosis with hypoplastic right heart, sub-arterial ventricular septal defect, absent pulmonary valve, non-compaction of the left ventricle, and bicuspid aortic valve with aortic regurgitation...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Zhongmin Wang, Yuhao Liu, Yu Xu, Chuanyu Gao, Yan Chen, Hongxing Luo
BACKGROUND: WE AIMED TO PROSPECTIVELY EVALUATE THE: use of 3-dimensional printing (3DP) for the percutaneous transcatheter closure of a secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) with rim deficiency less than 5 mm. METHODS: Patients with ASD were scanned using multi-slice computed tomography to acquire raw data for virtual 3DP reconstruction models. Different ASD occluders were tried on the 3DP models to select the optimal size for intraoperative use. The patients were followed up 1 month postoperatively, and 3DP models were again manufactured to observe the operative effects...
October 17, 2016: Cardiology Journal
Mahesh Prajapat, Sunil K Kothiwala, Mohit Sharma, C M Kuldeep
Cardiofacio-cutaneous syndrome is a rare genodermatoses with multiple congenital anomalies (MCA) and mental retardation. Although various mutations have been described, the diagnosis can be made clinically based on constellation of symptoms. Herein, we report a classical case with typical craniofacial features and atrial septal defect.
September 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Asha Mohan, Venkata Ravikumar Chepuri, K B Yadavendra Reddy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Vuayendra Reddy Chinta, Suresh Sr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Mostafa Behjati-Ardakani, Mohammad Golshan, Sedigheh Akhavan-Karbasi, Seyed-Masood Hosseini, Mohammad-Amin Behjati-Ardakani, Mohammadtaghi Sarebanhassanabadi
BACKGROUND: Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a common congenital heart disease. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical course of ASD, as well as its frequency of spontaneous closure and regression of diameter. METHODS: In a study conducted from 2000 to 2011, 192 consecutive patients with an isolated ASD were followed up regularly with periodic echocardiographic evaluations according to a standardized protocol. The study was conducted in two series of patients: infants and children and adults...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Inês C Mendes, Fernando Maymone-Martins, Rui Anjos
A 30-year-old female with tricuspid valve atresia, ventricular septal defect, and atrial septal defect had a neonatal modified Blalock Taussig shunt and a Fontan-Björk operation performed at five years of age. She did well initially but progressively developed signs of systemic congestion due to severe homograft stenosis and underwent successful percutaneous implantation of a Melody(®) pulmonary valve (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA) in the "tricuspid" position.
October 4, 2016: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
Phuoc Duong, Lee Patrick Ferguson, Stephen Lord, Stephen Murray, Ewen Shepherd, John Pius Bourke, David Crossland, John O'Sullivan
AIM: Data on arrhythmia outcome following device closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) are lacking. This study provides medium-term follow-up data on atrial arrhythmias in patients who were ≥40 years of age at the time of transcatheter ASD closure. METHODS AND RESULTS: It is a retrospective review. Mean age of the 159 patients was 57 years. Median follow-up was 3.6 years (range 6 months-10.9 years). Patients were classified, according to arrhythmia status prior to ASD closure, into Group I, no history of atrial arrhythmia (n = 119, mean age 55...
October 4, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Wilson E Sadoh, Paul Ikhurionan, Charles Imarengiaye
BACKGROUND: A pre-anaesthestic echocardiogram (echo) is requested for most non-cardiac surgeries to identify possible cardiac structural anomalies. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and spectrum of structural cardiac abnormalities seen in various non-cardiac conditions. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of pre-anaesthetic echos performed over five years on children scheduled for non-cardiac surgery. The requests were categorised according to referring specialities, and the biodata and echo findings were noted...
September 9, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Yegyu Sung, Jung Sun Cho, Ho-Joong Youn
Multi-imaging modalities should be considered in patients with atrial septal defects (ASDs) in which the degree of right ventricular enlargement is not fully explained by the small size of ASD found on conventional transthoracic echocardiography. We report a case of crescent-shaped superior sinus venosus ASD discriminated using real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography. MDCT confirmed its relationship with the superior vena cava and the absence of combined anomalies, such as the pulmonary venous return anomaly...
October 4, 2016: Echocardiography
Sharon L Cheatham, Grace M Deyo
Hybrid stage I palliation combines cardiothoracic surgery and interventional transcatheter procedures for treatment of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. The approach is an alternative to the Norwood procedure, the traditional first stage of surgical palliation. Hybrid stage I palliation involves placing bilateral branch pulmonary artery bands and a patent ductus arteriosus stent through a median sternotomy, performed without cardiopulmonary bypass. The purpose of the bands is to control blood flow to the lungs and protect the pulmonary bed while the stent sustains systemic cardiac output...
October 2016: Critical Care Nurse
Jara E Jonker, Eryn T Liem, Nynke J Elzenga, Bouwe Molenbuur, Monika Trzpis, Paul M A Broens
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of congenital heart defects (CHDs) in patients with mild or severe congenital anorectal malformations (CARMs), and whether all patients with CARM need pediatric cardiology screening. STUDY DESIGN: We included 129 patients with CARM born between 2004 and 2013, and referred to University Medical Center Groningen. Recto-perineal and recto-vestibular fistulas were classified as mild CARMs, all others as severe. Significant patent foramen ovale, secundum atrial septal defect, and small ventricular septum defect were classified as minor CHDs, all others as major...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Ya-Ting Chang, Christina K Chan, Inger Eriksson, Pamela Y Johnson, Xiaofang Cao, Christian Westöö, Christian Norvik, Annika Andersson-Sjöland, Gunilla Westergren-Thorsson, Staffan Johansson, Ulf Hedin, Lena Kjellén, Thomas N Wight, Karin Tran-Lundmark
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a lethal condition for which there is no effective curative pharmacotherapy. PAH is characterized by vasoconstriction, wall thickening of pulmonary arteries, and increased vascular resistance. Versican is a chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan in the vascular extracellular matrix that accumulates following vascular injury and promotes smooth-muscle cell proliferation in systemic arteries. Here, we investigated whether versican may play a similar role in PAH. Paraffin-embedded lung sections from patients who underwent lung transplantation to treat PAH were used for immunohistochemistry...
September 2016: Pulmonary Circulation
Allan Davies, Prasad Gunaruwan, Nicholas Collins, Malcolm Barlow, Nick Jackson, James Leitch
PURPOSE: Pulmonary vein isolation using cryoballoon ablation is an established approach to treating atrial fibrillation. The procedure involves insertion of a 15-Fr sheath into the left atrium across the interatrial septum. This creates an iatrogenic atrial septal defect, which may have important long-term clinical relevance, especially in younger patients. We sought to determine the long-term incidence of these defects and determine the direction of shunt using contrast transesophageal echocardiography...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Martin Koestenberger, William Ravekes, Alexander Avian, Gernot Grangl, Ante Burmas, Wolfgang Raith, Gerhard Cvirn, Marlene Grillitsch, Andreas Gamillscheg
OBJECTIVE: Aim of the study was to determine the influence of right heart volume overload in children with atrial septal defect (ASD) on right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) variables. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 115 children (age range: 2 days-18.1 years) with a moderate to large ASD. We determined effects of age, body length (BL), body weight (BW), and body surface area (BSA) on the variables RVOT diameter, RVOT velocity time integral (VTI), and RVOT systolic excursion (SE), and tested the predictive value of published normal values for age, BW, BL, and BSA in our ASD patients...
September 2016: Echocardiography
Poovendran Saththasivam, Elizabeth Herrera, Gerald Lawrie, Odeaa Al Jabbari, Collin M Barker, Roy Sheinbaum
The MitraClip procedure is an emerging endovascular technique for treating mitral regurgitation and an attractive alternative for patients who are at high risk for open heart mitral valve repair or replacement. We present the case of a failed redo MitraClip procedure that led to acute right ventricular failure in a patient with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia and a preexisting secundum atrial septal defect. We highlight the sequelae of the failed redo MitraClip procedure and the anesthetic challenges associated with the emergent redo sternotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass procedure required to replace the mitral valve and repair the tricuspid valve and atrial septal defect...
September 23, 2016: A & A Case Reports
Veysel Tosun, Necmettin Korucuk, Mustafa Mustafa Karakaş, Ünal Güntekin
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries is a rare abnormality accounting for approximately 1% of clinically apparent congenital heart disease. Age at time of diagnosis and survival rate vary and depend on associated anomalies, including pulmonary stenosis, ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, atrioventricular block, and atrioventricular valve regurgitation. Reported cases of corrected transposition of the great arteries with single coronary ostium anomaly and atrial septal defect are very rare...
September 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
İlkay Erdoğan, Faik Sarıalioğlu
OBJECTIVE: Hemangiomas are tumors most commonly encountered in pediatric patients, and are frequently treated with propranolol. However, there are currently no standard methods for evaluating cardiac function in patients prior to propranolol treatment. The present study was designed to aid in the evaluation of pretreatment cardiac and effects of propranolol on vital signs in pediatric hemangioma patients. METHODS: A pediatric oncology specialist and a pediatric cardiology specialist examined all patients prior to initiation of propranolol treatment...
September 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
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