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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900759/circulation-and-flow-immanent-metaphors-in-the-financial-debates-of-northern-song-china-960-1127-ce
#1
Christian de Pee
The Song Empire (960-1279 CE) had a larger population, a higher agricultural output, a more efficient infrastructure, and a more extensive monetary system than any previous empire in Chinese history. As local jurisdictions during the eleventh century became entangled in empire-wide economic relations and trans-regional commercial litigation, imperial officials sought to reduce the bewildering movement of people, goods, and money to an immanent cosmic pattern. They reasoned that because money and commerce brought to imperial subjects the goods they required to survive, money and commerce must be beneficent, and because they were beneficent, they must conform to the immanent pattern of the moral cosmos, as did everything else that was enduringly sustaining of life and wellbeing...
June 2018: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894829/quantitative-susceptibility-mapping-using-deep-neural-network-qsmnet
#2
Jaeyeon Yoon, Enhao Gong, Itthi Chatnuntawech, Berkin Bilgic, Jingu Lee, Woojin Jung, Jingyu Ko, Hosan Jung, Kawin Setsompop, Greg Zaharchuk, Eung Yeop Kim, John Pauly, Jongho Lee
Deep neural networks have demonstrated promising potential for the field of medical image reconstruction, successfully generating high quality images for CT, PET and MRI. In this work, an MRI reconstruction algorithm, which is referred to as quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM), has been developed using a deep neural network in order to perform dipole deconvolution, which restores magnetic susceptibility source from an MRI field map. Previous approaches of QSM require multiple orientation data (e.g. Calculation of Susceptibility through Multiple Orientation Sampling or COSMOS) or regularization terms (e...
June 9, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876925/the-story-of-life-critical-insights-from-evolutionary-biology
#3
Steve Paulson, Melanie Lee Chang, Ian Tattersall, Simon Conway Morris
The notion that humans, in all their complexity, are merely an evolutionary accident, an insignificant speck in a boundless cosmos, is deeply unsatisfying for most nonscientists and fails to resonate with their life experience. What, then, can evolutionary biology ultimately tell us about the meaning of our lives? In conversation with Steve Paulson, executive producer and host of To the Best of Our Knowledge, paleoanthropologists Melanie Lee Chang and Ian Tattersall, and paleontologist Simon Conway Morris share their insights on these competing concepts and explain how meaning and purpose can be gleaned from the remarkable story of life itself...
June 6, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873539/effect-of-fertilizers-on-cd-accumulation-and-subcellular-distribution-of-two-cosmos-species-cosmos-sulphureus-and-cosmos-bipinnata
#4
Guangdong Zhou, Junmei Guo, Jun Yang, Junxing Yang
Addition of fertilizer amendments is regarded as an ideal approach to enhancing phytoextraction. However, there is little information available on the influence of common fertilizers on Cd accumulation of two newly reported Cd accumulators, Cosmos sulphureus and Cosmos bipinnata (C. sulphureus and C. bipinnata). The effects of N (CO(NH2 )2 ), NP (CO(NH2 )2 + Ca(H2 PO4 )2 ), and NPK (CO(NH2 )2 + Ca(H2 PO4 )2 + KCl) fertilizers on Cd accumulation and subcellular distribution of C. sulphureus and C. bipinnata were studied in a 70-d pot experiment...
July 29, 2018: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776848/comparison-of-current-methods-used-to-detect-cryptosporidium-oocysts-in-stools
#5
REVIEW
Shahira A Ahmed, Panagiotis Karanis
In this review all of the methods that are currently in use for the investigation of Cryptosporidium in stool material are highlighted and critically discussed. It appears that more qualifications and background knowledge in this field regarding the diagnosis of the Cryptosporidium parasite is required. Furthermore, there is no standardization for the protocols that are commonly used to either detect oocysts in faeces or to diagnose the Cryptosporidium infection. It is therefore necessary to initiate further education and research that will assist in improving the accuracy of the diagnosis of Cryptosporidium oocysts in the faecal micro-cosmos...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776692/risk-of-hospitalization-associated-with-body-mass-index-and-weight-changes-among-prevalent-haemodialysis-patients
#6
Juan J Carrero, Ivan Rodríguez-Cabezas, Abdul R Qureshi, Jürgen Floege, Markus Ketteler, Gerard London, Francesco Locatelli, Dimitrios Memmos, David Goldsmith, Aníbal Ferreira, Judit Nagy, Vladimir Teplan, Carlos Martínez-Salgado, José L Fernández-Martín, Carmine Zoccali, Jorge B Cannata-Andia
The impact of body mass index (BMI) and body weight on hospitalization rates in haemodialysis patients is unknown. This study hypothesizes that being either underweight or obese is associated with a higher hospitalization rate. Observational study of 6296 European haemodialysis patients with prospective data collection and follow-up every six months for three years (COSMOS study). The risk of being hospitalized was estimated by a time-dependent Cox regression model and the annual risk (incidence rate ratios, IRR) by Poisson regression...
May 15, 2018: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765637/the-cosmic-spiderweb-equivalence-of-cosmic-architectural-and-origami-tessellations
#7
Mark C Neyrinck, Johan Hidding, Marina Konstantatou, Rien van de Weygaert
For over 20 years, the term 'cosmic web' has guided our understanding of the large-scale arrangement of matter in the cosmos, accurately evoking the concept of a network of galaxies linked by filaments. But the physical correspondence between the cosmic web and structural engineering or textile 'spiderwebs' is even deeper than previously known, and also extends to origami tessellations. Here, we explain that in a good structure-formation approximation known as the adhesion model, threads of the cosmic web form a spiderweb, i...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741651/serum-phosphate-optimal-timing-and-range-associated-with-patients-survival-in-haemodialysis-the-cosmos-study
#8
José L Fernández-Martín, Adriana Dusso, Pablo Martínez-Camblor, Maria P Dionisi, Jürgen Floege, Markus Ketteler, Gérard London, Francesco Locatelli, José L Górriz, Boleslaw Rutkowski, Willem-Jan Bos, Christian Tielemans, Pierre-Yves Martin, Rudolf P Wüthrich, Drasko Pavlovic, Miha Benedik, Diego Rodríguez-Puyol, Juan J Carrero, Carmine Zoccali, Jorge B Cannata-Andía
Background: Serum phosphate is a key parameter in the management of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD). The timing of phosphate measurement is not standardized in the current guidelines. Since the optimal range of these biomarkers may vary depending on the duration of the interdialytic interval, in this analysis of the Current management of secondary hyperparathyroidism: a multicentre observational study (COSMOS), we assessed the influence of a 2- (midweek) or 3-day (post-weekend) dialysis interval for blood withdrawal on serum levels of CKD-MBD biomarkers and their association with mortality risk...
May 7, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683042/factors-affecting-continuation-of-clean-intermittent-catheterisation-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-results-of-the-cosmos-mixed-methods-study
#9
Doreen McClurg, Carol Bugge, Andrew Elders, Tasneem Irshad, Suzanne Hagen, Katherine N Moore, Brian Buckley, Mandy Fader
BACKGROUND: Clean intermittent catheterisation (CIC) is often recommended for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: To determine the variables that affect continuation or discontinuation of the use of CIC. METHODS: A three-part mixed-method study (prospective longitudinal cohort ( n = 56), longitudinal qualitative interviews ( n = 20) and retrospective survey ( n = 456)) was undertaken, which identified the variables that influenced CIC continuation/discontinuation...
April 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584469/profiling-of-plants-at-petroleum-contaminated-site-for-phytoremediation
#10
Raymond Oriebe Anyasi, Harrison Ifeanyichukwu Atagana
The paucity of information in the literature on the characteristics of plants that could be used for phytoremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons (PHC)-contaminated sites was the principal reason for this study. The aim of the study was to identify indigenous plants growing in PHC-impacted soil in Umuahia in eastern-Nigeria that have the ability to phytoremediate soils contaminated with hydrocarbons under tropical monsoon climate conditions. A total of 28 native plant species from different families growing in and around hydrocarbon-impacted soil in the vicinity of vandalized pipelines carrying petroleum products were collected and studied for their ability to grow in a hydrocarbon-impacted soil and remove the PHC from the impacted soil...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565406/the-laws-of-the-cosmos-solar-power-challenges-and-darwin-s-contribution-to-geology-books-in-brief
#11
Barbara Kiser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551981/effects-of-resisted-sprint-training-and-traditional-power-training-on-sprint-jump-and-balance-performance-in-healthy-young-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Olaf Prieske, Tom Krüger, Markus Aehle, Erik Bauer, Urs Granacher
Power training programs have proved to be effective in improving components of physical fitness such as speed. According to the concept of training specificity, it was postulated that exercises must attempt to closely mimic the demands of the respective activity. When transferring this idea to speed development, the purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of resisted sprint (RST) vs. traditional power training (TPT) on physical fitness in healthy young adults. Thirty-five healthy, physically active adults were randomly assigned to a RST ( n = 10, 23 ± 3 years), a TPT ( n = 9, 23 ± 3 years), or a passive control group ( n = 16, 23 ± 2 years)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472222/books-mind-and-cosmos-why-the-materialist-neo-darwinian-conception-of-nature-is-almost-certainly-false-can-sentience-be-explained-by-substance
#13
Alistair Appleby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470410/the-evolving-role-of-multivitamin-multimineral-supplement-use-among-adults-in-the-age-of-personalized-nutrition
#14
REVIEW
Jeffrey B Blumberg, Regan L Bailey, Howard D Sesso, Cornelia M Ulrich
Micronutrient deficiencies occur in segments of the adult population in the United States. Multivitamin/multimineral supplements (MVMS) are widely used by this population, which reduces inadequacies in micronutrient intake, but the potential for exceeding tolerable upper intake levels in others should be considered. There are concerns associated with the excessive intake of certain nutrients, particularly folic acid, and potential untoward consequences. The advent of nutrigenomics and the enhanced ability to directly study the interactions between nutrition and genetic variants and expression will allow for the conduct of more targeted studies with specific endpoints and may ultimately lead to progress in the field of personalized nutrition...
February 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431129/cohort-profile-lifework-a-prospective-cohort-study-on-occupational-and-environmental-risk-factors-and-health-in-the-netherlands
#15
Marije Reedijk, Virissa Lenters, Pauline Slottje, Anouk Pijpe, Petra H Peeters, Joke C Korevaar, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, W M Monique Verschuren, Robert A Verheij, Inka Pieterson, Flora E van Leeuwen, Matti A Rookus, Hans Kromhout, Roel C H Vermeulen
PURPOSE: LIFEWORK is a large federated prospective cohort established in the Netherlands to quantify the health effects of occupational and environmental exposures. This cohort is also the Dutch contribution to the international Cohort Study of Mobile Phone Use and Health (COSMOS). In this paper, we describe the study design, ongoing data collection, baseline characteristics of participants and the repeatability of key questionnaire items. PARTICIPANTS: 88 466 participants were enrolled in three cohort studies in 2011-2012...
February 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370766/description-of-an-advance-care-planning-intervention-in-nursing-homes-outcomes-of-the-process-evaluation
#16
Irene Aasmul, Bettina S Husebo, Elisabeth Flo
BACKGROUND: Advance Care Planning (ACP) is the repeated communication and decision-making process between the patient, family, and healthcare professionals. This study describes an ACP intervention in nursing homes and evaluates the outcomes of the implementation process. METHODS: The ACP intervention was part of a 4-month complex, cluster randomized controlled trial (COSMOS). 37 Norwegian nursing homes with 72 units (1 cluster = 1 unit) and 765 patients were invited to participate and eligible units were randomised to the intervention group or control...
January 25, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338317/cosmos-gods-and-madmen-frameworks-in-the-anthropologies-of-medicine-edited-by-roland-littlewood-and-rebecca-lynch
#17
Jane Derges
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274893/cognitive-and-self-regulatory-mechanisms-of-obesity-study-cosmos-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-weight-loss-trial-examining-change-in-biomarkers-cognition-and-self-regulation-across-two-behavioral-treatments
#18
M A W Hawkins, Janna Colaizzi, John Gunstad, Joel W Hughes, Larry L Mullins, Nancy Betts, Caitlin E Smith, Natalie G Keirns, Kathleen D Vohs, Shirley M Moore, Evan M Forman, William R Lovallo
Obesity is a global epidemic, yet successful interventions are rare. Up to 60% of people fail to achieve clinically meaningful, short-term weight loss (5-10% of start weight), whereas up to 72% are unsuccessful at achieving long-term weight loss (5-10% loss for ≥5years). Understanding how biological, cognitive, and self-regulatory factors work together to promote or to impede weight loss is clearly needed to optimize obesity treatment. This paper describes the methodology of the Cognitive and Self-regulatory Mechanisms of Obesity Study (the COSMOS trial)...
March 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224374/chemical-characterisation-and-hepatoprotective-potential-of-cosmos-sulphureus-cav-and-cosmos-bipinnatus-cav
#19
Mohammad Saleem, Hafiz Akbar Ali, Muhammad Furqan Akhtar, Uzma Saleem, Ammara Saleem, Iram Irshad
This study was conducted to validate the hepatoprotective activity of Cosmos sulphureus and Cosmos bipinnatus. Aqua-methanolic extracts of both plants were evaluated for the presence of various phyto-constituents through HPLC. Different doses of both plant extracts were administered to rats for nine days. Standard control was silymarin 100 mg/kg. Paracetamol 1 gm/kg was administered 3 h post treatment on 9th day for induction of hepatotoxicity. Blood was collected for the evaluation of liver biochemical markers and livers were removed for histopathological evaluation 24 h post-paracetamol treatment...
December 11, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222066/large-scale-randomized-clinical-trials-of-bioactives-and-nutrients-in-relation-to-human-health-and-disease-prevention-lessons-from-the-vital-and-cosmos-trials
#20
REVIEW
Susanne Rautiainen, Howard D Sesso, JoAnn E Manson
Several bioactive compounds and nutrients in foods have physiological properties that are beneficial for human health. While nutrients typically have clear definitions with established levels of recommended intakes, bioactive compounds often lack such a definition. Although a food-based approach is often the optimal approach to ensure adequate intake of bioactives and nutrients, these components are also often produced as dietary supplements. However, many of these supplements are not sufficiently studied and have an unclear role in chronic disease prevention...
December 29, 2017: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
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