keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Atopic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151195/risk-factors-in-preschool-children-for-predicting-asthma-during-the-preschool-age-and-the-early-school-age-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Yixia Bao, Zhimin Chen, Enmei Liu, Li Xiang, Deyu Zhao, Jianguo Hong
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to identify risk factors of asthma among children < 6 years old (preschool age) for predicting asthma during the preschool age and early school age (≤ 10 years of age). METHOD OF THE STUDY: MEDLINE, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases were searched until June 30, 2017. Prospective or retrospective cohort and case-control studies were included. Studies had to have evaluated risk factors or a predictive model for developing asthma in children ≤ 6 years of age or persistent asthma in early school age...
November 18, 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150864/seeing-is-believing-a-review-of-apheresis-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-ophthalmologic-disease
#2
Brendan C Graham, Jose S Pulido, Jeffrey L Winters
Apheresis procedures have a role in treatment of disparate diseases involving many different organ systems. Often the disease processes where apheresis plays a role in treatment are considered "orphan diseases"-relatively rare disease processes that lack specific pharmaceutical agents or established treatment protocols. Many of these disease processes can affect the eye with devastating results for the eyesight of these patients. The unique ability of apheresis to affect disease by modifying blood plasma and modulating disease-causing agents therein renders apheresis procedures valuable tools in the treatment of certain ophthalmologic diseases...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150853/poor-agreement-in-questionnaire-based-diagnostic-criteria-for-adult-atopic-dermatitis-is-a-challenge-when-examining-cardiovascular-comorbidity
#3
Yuki M F Andersen, Alexander Egeberg, Carsten R Hamann, Lone Skov, Gunnar H Gislason, Tea Skaaby, Allan Linneberg, Jacob P Thyssen
BACKGROUND: The association between atopic dermatitis (AD) and cardio-metabolic risk factors is not yet established. Furthermore, no validated questionnaire-based method of identifying adults with AD is currently available. OBJECTIVES: To assess the cardio-metabolic risk in adults with a history of AD by using three different questionnaire-based diagnostic criteria. METHODS: We utilized data from a general population study including questionnaire data and objective measurements of 9,656 Danish adults...
November 18, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150353/barrier-dysfunction-in-the-nasal-allergy
#4
REVIEW
Ayumi Fukuoka, Tomohiro Yoshimoto
Epithelial cells form the first physiological barrier against invasion by pathogens and the infiltration of allergens. Tight junctions (TJ), a cell-cell junctional complex located on the apical side of epithelial cells, have a critical role in the maintenance of epithelial barrier function. Impaired TJ structures are observed in patients with asthma, atopic dermatitis and nasal allergy; therefore, the dysfunction of epithelial barriers might be involved in the initiation or progression of allergic diseases...
November 14, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150071/efficacy-of-bleach-baths-in-reducing-severity-of-atopic-dermatitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Rishi Chopra, Paras P Vakharia, Ryan Sacotte, Jonathan I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Bleach baths have been proposed as a treatment for decreasing the severity of atopic dermatitis (AD). However, conflicting results have been found regarding their efficacy. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of bleach vs water baths at decreasing AD severity. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of all studies evaluating the efficacy of bleach baths for AD. Cochrane, EMBASE, GREAT, LILACS, MEDLINE, and Scopus were searched...
November 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150068/sensitization-to-staphylococcus-aureus-enterotoxins-in-smokers-with-asthma
#6
Tadao Nagasaki, Hisako Matsumoto, Tsuyoshi Oguma, Isao Ito, Hideki Inoue, Toshiyuki Iwata, Tomoko Tajiri, Yoshihiro Kanemitsu, Yumi Izuhara, Chie Morimoto, Yumi Ishiyama, Hironobu Sunadome, Akio Niimi, Toyohiro Hirai
BACKGROUND: Sensitization to Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxins (SEs) augments eosinophilic inflammation in asthma. Recent epidemiologic studies demonstrate that sensitization to SEs is increased in healthy smokers; however, there is no evidence on the association between sensitization to SEs and eosinophilic inflammation in smokers with asthma. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the role of SEs on clinical indexes, including eosinophilic inflammation and lung function in smokers with asthma...
November 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149811/testing-actions-of-a-multi-action-emollient-patient-acceptability-efficacy-skin-biophysiology-and-staphylococcal-isolation
#7
Kam Lun E Lun Hon
AIM: Eczema or atopic dermatitis (AD) is associated with itch, sleep disturbance, impaired life quality, reduced skin hydration, impaired epidermal barrier function and colonization by Staphylococcus aureus (SA). We investigated an emollient with claimed multi-actions on barrier repair, antihistaminergic and antimicrobial effects. METHODS: Consecutive AD patients were recruited. Swabs and cultures from eczematous areas, disease severity (SCORAD), quality-of-life (Children Dermatology Life Quality Index, CDLQI), skin hydration (SH), and transepidermal water loss (TEWL) were obtained before and 4-week following usage of the emollient...
November 16, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148790/solid-state-dewetting-of-gold-aggregates-islands-on-tio2-nanorod-structures-grown-by-oblique-angle-deposition
#8
Shizhao Liu, Joel Plawsky
A composite film made of a stable, gold nanoparticle (NP) array with well-controlled separation and size atop a TiO2 nanorod film was fabricated via the oblique angle deposition technique (OAD). The fabrication of the nanoparticle array is based on controlled, Rayleigh-instability-induced, solid-state dewetting of as-deposited gold aggregates on the TiO2 nanorods. It was found that the initial spacing between as-deposited gold aggregates along the vapor flux direction should be greater than the TiO2 inter-rod spacing created by 80° OAD in order to control the dewetting and produce NP arrays...
November 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144884/adiposity-and-asthma-in-a-nationwide-study-of-children-and-adults-in-the-united-states
#9
Erick Forno, Yueh-Ying Han, Ingrid M Libman, Radhika H Muzumdar, Juan C Celedón
RATIONALE: While obesity has been associated with asthma, body mass index (BMI) is suboptimal to fully characterize adiposity. OBJECTIVES: We examined the relation between adiposity and asthma in a large sample of the U.S. population, using indices defined by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). METHODS: We analyzed data from 8,886 children (aged 8-19 years) and 12,795 adults (aged 20-69 years) from the 2001-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
November 16, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144049/characterization-of-children-with-recurrent-eczema-herpeticum-and-response-to-treatment-with-interferon-gamma
#10
Kavita Darji, Stephanie Frisch, Eric Adjei Boakye, Elaine Siegfried
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) has been used treat severe atopic dermatitis, with equivocal results. Recurrent eczema herpeticum is an underappreciated, therapeutically challenging complication of severe atopic dermatitis. Defects in IFN-γ and other cytokine pathways have been identified in individuals with confirmed eczema herpeticum. This suggests possible benefit from IFN-γ treatment for confirmed eczema herpeticum. The objective of the current study was to evaluate immunologic and microbial parameters and response to IFN-γ treatment in children with confirmed eczema herpeticum...
November 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143979/analysis-of-anti-tnf-induced-skin-lesions-reveals-strong-th1-activation-with-some-distinct-immunological-characteristics
#11
E Stoffel, H Maier, E Riedl, M-C Brüggen, B Reininger, M Schaschinger, C Bangert, E Guenova, G Stingl, P M Brunner
BACKGROUND: Psoriasiform and eczematous eruptions are the most common dermatological adverse reaction linked to anti-TNF-α therapy. Yet, a detailed characterization of their immune phenotype is lacking. OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize anti-TNF-α induced inflammatory skin lesions on a histopathologic, cellular and molecular level, compared to psoriasis, eczema (atopic dermatitis), and healthy control skin. METHODS: Histopathologic evaluation, gene expression (quantitative RT-PCR) and computer-assisted immunohistologic studies (TissueFAXS) were performed on 19 skin biopsies from IBD (n=17) and rheumatoid arthritis (n=2) patients with new-onset inflammatory skin lesions during anti-TNF-α-therapy...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143926/prolonging-time-to-flare-in-pediatric-atopic-dermatitis-a-randomized-investigator-blinded-controlled-multicenter-clinical-study-of-a-ceramide-containing-moisturizer
#12
Lin Ma, Ping Li, Jianping Tang, Yifeng Guo, Chunping Shen, Jing Chang, Nabil Kerrouche
INTRODUCTION: Delaying or preventing flares is important in atopic dermatitis (AD) management. The objective of the study was to evaluate whether using a ceramide-containing moisturizer in addition to a body wash during latent AD can delay flares. METHODS: This was a randomized, investigator-blinded, parallel-group, controlled study among Chinese children with a history of mild to moderate AD, within 1 week of successful treatment with a topical corticosteroid...
November 16, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143385/patterns-of-allergic-sensitization-and-atopic-dermatitis-from-1-to-3-years-effects-on-allergic-diseases
#13
C Dharma, D L Lefebvre, M M Tran, W Y W Lou, P Subbarao, A B Becker, P J Mandhane, S E Turvey, M R Sears
BACKGROUND: While allergic sensitization and atopic dermatitis (AD) are known to increase the risk for allergic diseases, the impact of different temporal and clinical patterns of sensitization and AD is less well defined. OBJECTIVE: We investigated patterns of sensitization and AD from early infancy to age 3, and the differential risk for developing allergic diseases within each pattern in a general cohort. METHODS: Children (n=2629) from the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) Study underwent skin prick tests and were assessed clinically for AD at ages 1 and 3 years...
November 16, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143366/patch-testing-in-israeli-children-with-suspected-allergic-contact-dermatitis-a-retrospective-study-and-literature-review
#14
Yaron Zafrir, Akiva Trattner, Emmillia Hodak, Oren Eldar, Moshe Lapidoth, Dan Ben Amitai
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Childhood allergic contact dermatitis is recognized as a significant clinical problem. The objective was to evaluate the rate of positive patch tests in Israeli children with clinically suspected allergic contact dermatitis, identify possible sex and age differences, compare results with those in Israeli adults, and review pediatric studies in the literature. METHODS: The study sample included 343 children and adolescents (197 female, 146 male; 1-18 years of age, mean age 11...
November 16, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141065/use-of-isoquercetin-in-the-treatment-of-prurigo-nodularis
#15
Christine M Pennesi, John Neely, Ames G Marks, S Alison Basak
<p>Atopic dermatitis and prurigo nodularis result from complex interactions between the skin, the immune system, and the external environment. The pruritus associated with these conditions greatly impacts patients' quality of life and lacks uniformly effective treatment. A 57-year-old patient presented with severe atopic dermatitis and subsequent prurigo nodularis refractory to numerous standard therapies. The supplement isoquercetin was initiated and he noted significant, sustained reduction in his pruritus after only four weeks...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140365/narrowband-silicon-waveguide-bragg-reflector-achieved-by-highly-ordered-graphene-oxide-gratings
#16
Yung-Jr Hung, Ya-Ching Liang, Chia-Wei Huang, Jyun-Fu Shih, Shih Hu, Tzu-Hsiang Yen, Chia-Wei Kao, Chun-Hu Chen
Graphene oxide (GO) ultrathin film can be wafer-scale deposited by spin coating, can be patterned by laser interference lithography and oxygen plasma etching, can be thinned atomically (0.26 nm/min) and oxidized by ozone treatment, and is a relatively transparent and low-refractive-index material compared to pristine graphene. All those unique properties prompt us to realize a low-loss (∼5  dB/cm), high-extinction-ratio (19 dB), and narrowband (0.425 nm) GO/silicon hybrid waveguide Bragg reflector by transferring 7-nm-thick GO gratings (n=1...
November 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137492/a-guide-to-topical-vehicle-formulations
#17
Julia N Mayba, Melinda J Gooderham
Adherence to topical treatment for a variety of chronic skin conditions, such as psoriasis, acne, and atopic dermatitis, is known to be very poor. A number of factors contribute to this phenomenon, including lack of treatment efficacy and patient concerns regarding side effects, among others. At the forefront of barriers facing optimal patient adherence to topical treatment is choosing the ideal topical vehicle formulation. Medical professionals have demonstrated a lack of understanding with respect to the composition and nomenclature of the various topical formulations...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136308/author-s-response-to-the-comment-to-compound-heterozygotes-for-filaggrin-gene-mutations-do-not-always-show-severe-atopic-dermatitis
#18
A Sekiya, K Kono, M Akiyama
FLG mutations play a causal role in the development of ichthyosis vulgaris (IV) and are known to be a predisposing factor for atopic dermatitis (AD) in European and Asian populations. However, it remains a matter of debate how loss of function of filaggrin leads to AD. Skin barrier dysfunction due to the loss of structural proteins in the epidermis makes it easy for allergens to invade, and sensitization to the allergens, increases in serum IgE, and dermatitis follow. In addition, loss of filaggrin results in increased pH in the stratum corneum, increased serine protease activity and hyper-activation of cytokine cascades...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136300/comments-to-compound-heterozygotes-for-filaggrin-gene-mutations-do-not-always-show-severe-atopic-dermatitis
#19
Luigi Auricchio
recent paper by Akiyama and coworkers questions one more time about role of FLG in A.D.Since first reports of heterozygous mutations of FLG in A.D. patients (1) replicated in northern European populations (2-3-4) and therefore in other populations worldwide (5), genetic studies of patient with I.V. /intrinsic A.D. of different populations of different ancestry as African American (6), and Ethiopian (7) make clear that haploinsufficiency of other structural proteins of epidermis are pathogenic for this phenotype and confirmed the Elias et al...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136197/mapping-vis-terahertz-%C3%A2-17-thz-surface-plasmons-sustained-on-native-and-chemically-functionalized-percolated-gold-thin-films-using-eels
#20
Patricia Abellan, Patrick Z El-Khoury, Quentin M Ramasse
Heterogeneous assemblies of molecules (Rhodamine B) adsorbed onto a nano-corrugated metallic surface (a percolated Au network) are investigated using electron energy loss spectroscopy in the scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM-EELS). Our first measurements target the native metallic substrate, which consists of a commercial Au thin film atop an ultrathin carbon membrane. The Au film displays a percolated morphology with nanostructures of estimated thickness ≤10 nm approximately. We observe a rich plasmonic response from the metallic substrate; one which varies nanometrically and spans the VIS-terahertz region...
November 9, 2017: Microscopy
keyword
keyword
17810
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"