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Compassion fatigue

Joana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
BACKGROUND: Job stress and burnout are highly frequent in healthcare professionals, and prevalence in nurses can be as high as 40%. Mindfulness-based interventions have been shown to be effective in reducing stress and increasing well-being in a wide range of populations and contexts. However, controlled studies with healthcare professionals, and especially nurses, are scarce. OBJECTIVES, DESIGN AND SETTING: The aim of this study was to explore the effectiveness of an on-site, abbreviated mindfulness-based intervention for nurses, using a nonrandomized, wait-list comparison design...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Kyle Killian, Pilar Hernandez-Wolfe, David Engstrom, David Gangsei
Objective: Attending to the potential impacts, both positive and negative, of clinical work with trauma survivors on professionals themselves is a crucial aspect of clinical training and supervision. Vicarious resilience refers to unique, positive effects that transform therapists in response to witnessing trauma survivors' resilience and recovery process. This study describes the development and exploratory factor analysis of the first instrument to assess vicarious resilience. Method: The Vicarious Resilience Scale (VRS) was developed and administered via electronic survey to 190 helping professionals from around the globe working with survivors of severe traumas, such as torture...
October 6, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Diane Chamberlain, Allison Williams, David Stanley, Peter Mellor, Wendy Cross, Lesley Siegloff
BACKGROUND: Nursing students will graduate into stressful workplace environments and resilience is an essential acquired ability for surviving the workplace. Few studies have explored the relationship between resilience and the degree of innate dispositional mindfulness, compassion, compassion fatigue and burnout in nursing students, including those who find themselves in the position of needing to work in addition to their academic responsibilities. AIM: This paper investigates the predictors of resilience, including dispositional mindfulness and employment status of third year nursing students from three Australian universities...
October 2016: Nurs Open
Yeon Hee Kim, Sung Reul Kim, Yeo Ok Kim, Ji Young Kim, Hyun Kyung Kim, Hye Young Kim
AIMS: To test a hypothetical path model evaluating the influence of type D personality on job stress and job satisfaction and to identify the mediating effects of compassion fatigue, burnout and compassion satisfaction among clinical nurses in South Korea. BACKGROUND: Personalities susceptible to stress, compassion fatigue and burnout in clinical nurses have negative effects on the job stress and job satisfaction. DESIGN: A correlational, cross-sectional design was used...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Diana J Burgess, Mary Catherine Beach, Somnath Saha
Like the population at large, health care providers hold implicit racial and ethnic biases that may contribute to health care disparities. Little progress has been made in identifying and implementing effective strategies to address these normal but potentially harmful unconscious cognitive processes. We propose that meditation training designed to increase healthcare providers' mindfulness skills is a promising and potentially sustainable way to address this problem. Emerging evidence suggests that mindfulness practice can reduce the provider contribution to healthcare disparities through several mechanisms including: reducing the likelihood that implicit biases will be activated in the mind, increasing providers' awareness of and ability to control responses to implicit biases once activated, increasing self-compassion and compassion toward patients, and reducing internal sources of cognitive load (e...
September 15, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
Mark Durkin, Elaine Beaumont, Caroline J Hollins Martin, Jerome Carson
BACKGROUND: Compassion fatigue and burnout can impact on performance of nurses. This paper explores the relationship between self-compassion, self-judgement, self-kindness, compassion, professional quality of life, and wellbeing among community nurses. AIM: To measure associations between self-compassion, compassion fatigue, wellbeing, and burnout in community nurses. METHOD: Quantitative data were collected using standardised psychometric questionnaires: (1) Professional Quality of Life Scale; (2) Self-Compassion Scale; (3) short Warwick Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale; (4) Compassion For Others Scale, used to measure relationships between self-compassion, compassion fatigue, wellbeing, and burnout...
November 2016: Nurse Education Today
Kay L Kolthoff, Susan E Hickman
Nurses who care for older patients are exposed to significant suffering and loss that can lead to the development of compassion fatigue and burnout. An exploratory descriptive study was conducted to assess compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction in a group of 42 nurses who worked on a geriatric medicine unit using the Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL) compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue 5 scale. Nurses reported average levels of compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction...
September 3, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
Mia Sydenham, Jennifer Beardwood, Katharine A Rimes
BACKGROUND: Beliefs that it is unacceptable to experience or express negative emotions have been found to be associated with various clinical problems. It is unclear how such beliefs, which could be viewed as a form of unhelpful perfectionism about emotions, may contribute to symptomatology. AIMS: This study investigated two hypotheses: a) greater endorsement of beliefs about the unacceptability of negative emotions will be associated with greater emotional avoidance and lower levels of support-seeking and self-compassion; b) these beliefs about emotions will be associated with higher levels of symptoms of depression, anxiety and fatigue and that this relationship will be mediated by social support-seeking, emotional avoidance and self-compassion...
May 23, 2016: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Suzanne Brint
Evidence does not suggest but validates the very fact that an unsupportive patient care environment contributes to the development of what is called compassion fatigue in oncology nurses. This retrospective is an attempt to describe through personal story how compassion fatigue developed over time. The purpose of this article is to illustrate through personal narrative the manifestation of compassion fatigue in an individual oncology nurse and to hopefully allow readers to become aware of any presence of compassion fatigue in their personal lives and/or professional nursing practice...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
Debra Garton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: AORN Journal
A S Weintraub, E M Geithner, A Stroustrup, E D Waldman
OBJECTIVE: Compassion fatigue (CF) is distress experienced by caregivers from ongoing contact with patients who are suffering. Burnout (BO) is occupational stress directly related to dissonance between job demands and available resources. Compassion satisfaction (CS) is professional fulfillment experienced through helping others. CF in physicians is not well studied. Neonatologists may be at particular risk for CF by virtue of recurrent exposure to distress in patients and their families...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Maxxine Rattner, Joan Berzoff
The dilemma so central to the work of providers of palliative and end-of-life care is the paradox of their professional and ethical duty to try to relieve suffering and the limitations of so doing. While the capacity to sit with suffering at the end of life is critical to clinical work, the idea that some intrinsic suffering cannot necessarily always be relieved may model for patients and families that suffering can be borne. Clinicians who encounter unrelievable suffering may feel a sense of failure, helplessness, moral distress, and compassion fatigue...
July 2016: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
Paula M Morgan
First responders are exposed to various types of disasters throughout their career. Because of their roles, they are often regarded as stronger people than individuals from other occupations. A systematic review of literature was conducted to determine if distinct characteristics exist that make first responders more susceptible to psychological trauma. Five categories of traits were found to put first responders at risk for psychological problems: personal, predisposing, peridisposing, postdisposing, and protective...
May 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
Sanghee Kim, Minjeong Seo, Doo Ree Kim
BACKGROUND: As nurses' ethical competence in their own fields is essential, clinical ethics support services help nurses improve ethical competence. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify the unmet needs of ethical support for nurses in clinical settings and explore the differences by nursing units. RESEARCH DESIGN: Focus group interview design was applied. PARTICIPANTS AND RESEARCH CONTEXT: Data were collected via four rounds of focus group interviews with 37 nurses at intensive care units, medical-surgical units, emergency departments and oncology units...
July 8, 2016: Nursing Ethics
Yuji Higuchi, Masatoshi Inagaki, Toshihiro Koyama, Yoshihisa Kitamura, Toshiaki Sendo, Maiko Fujimori, Yosuke Uchitomi, Norihito Yamada
BACKGROUND: Opportunities for face-to-face communication with patients is increasing in modern hospital pharmacist practice. This may impose new burdens on hospital pharmacists. We performed a cross-sectional study to examine the prevalence of psychological distress, burnout, and compassion fatigue among hospital pharmacists. We also investigated possible relevant factors, such as sex, years of experience, hospital size, interpersonal work hours, and personality traits related to communication...
2016: BMC Public Health
Binghai Sun, Mengna Hu, Shitian Yu, Yiru Jiang, Baona Lou
OBJECTIVES: To examine the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the C-Compassion Fatigue (CF)-Short Scale among 4 independent samples of Chinese emergency workers (medical workers and firefighters). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: 6 hospitals in Zhejiang Province and 12 fire stations in Shanghai. PARTICIPANTS: Emergency workers (medical and firefighters) were consecutively recruited and divided into 4 groups: the MW1 group (medical workers, n=167), the FF1 group (firefighters, n=157), the MW2 group (medical workers, n=265) and the FF2 group (firefighters, n=231)...
2016: BMJ Open
Y Lee, G Seomun
AIM: The study aimed to explore measurable compassion competence among nurses and to examine the relationships between nurses' compassion competence and levels of compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue and secondary traumatic stress. BACKGROUND: Compassion is a vital asset in the nursing profession. It is necessary to explore whether compassion competence is a factor influencing professional quality of life. METHODS: This study utilized a multicenter descriptive cross-sectional survey...
September 2016: International Nursing Review
Claire Sorenson, Beth Bolick, Karen Wright, Rebekah Hamilton
PURPOSE: The purpose of this integrative review was to identify, review, synthesize, and analyze the existing literature addressing compassion fatigue (CF) in healthcare providers (HCPs), with careful attention to provider role and practice area. CF needs to be better understood to identify, prevent, and treat it before it becomes problematic for HCPs. CF is representative of the cost of caring and results in physical, emotional, and psychological symptoms that contribute to the decision of the HCP to leave the profession...
September 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Tara Powell, Paula Yuma-Guerrero
OBJECTIVE: Community health workers (CHWs) in disaster-affected areas are at risk for emotional distress, as they support others while they may be in the process of rebuilding their own lives. The Resilience and Coping for the Healthcare Community (RCHC) intervention was developed in response to the stress CHWs faced after Hurricane Sandy. The intervention uses psychoeducation to help participants identify common stress responses, recognize signs of job burnout, and utilize healthy coping strategies...
June 28, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Fiona Cocker, Nerida Joss
Compassion fatigue (CF) is stress resulting from exposure to a traumatized individual. CF has been described as the convergence of secondary traumatic stress (STS) and cumulative burnout (BO), a state of physical and mental exhaustion caused by a depleted ability to cope with one's everyday environment. Professionals regularly exposed to the traumatic experiences of the people they service, such as healthcare, emergency and community service workers, are particularly susceptible to developing CF. This can impact standards of patient care, relationships with colleagues, or lead to more serious mental health conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety or depression...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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