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Craneoencephalic trauma

C Torres, B Martinez Jarreta, R Alegret, J P Hernandez del Rincón, M Falcon, M Gómez Zapata, M D Pérez-Cárceles, E Osuna, A Luna
UNLABELLED: In the present work, we have compared the behaviour of some commonly used markers for the immunohistochemical diagnosis of cardiac suffering (myoglobin, myosin, troponin I), with the modifications of the ionic quotients (K(+)/Na(+), Ca(2+)/Mg(2+) and Ca(2+)/Zn(2+)) that are observed in the interventricular partition in different causes of death. MATERIALS AND METHOD: we have studied a total of 50 hearts coming from autopsies carried out in the Legal Medicine Institute of Murcia (Spain) deceased 21 by natural cardiac deaths, 9 by mechanical asphyxias, 5 by politraumatism, 5 cardiac ruptures and 10 by craneoencephalic trauma...
April 2009: Legal Medicine
D Paredes, M P Gambra, C Cervera, L Linares, M Almela, C Rodriguez, A Ruiz, J Vilardell, A Moreno
INTRODUCTION: The presence of bloodstream infection in the donor is a common finding that could be transmitted to the recipient. To safely expand the donor pool, we examined its relevance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We described the clinical characteristics of organ donors grafted in our center between 1997 and 2006 who had bacteremia detected in blood cultures obtained during organ procurement. RESULTS: Among 1353 organ donors, 75 were non-heart-beating donors type II and the others brain-dead donors...
September 2007: Transplantation Proceedings
José Luis Osornio-Ruiz, Sofía Irene Martínez-Ibarra, Rubén Torres-González, Raúl Isaac Reyes-Hernández
OBJECTIVE: To identify the age-adjusted prevalence of pediatric traumatic injuries requiring hospitalization. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective, observational cross-sectional study was carried out in the pediatric trauma department at the Hospital Magdalena de las Salinas of Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Data from all pediatric patients hospitalized between January 1998 and December 2005 due to traumatic injuries were included. RESULTS: 5,987 patients analyzed; 66...
March 2007: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
A Toledano, E González, J Ferrando, F J Barriga
The ability to smell is commonly altered by head injuries. However, the nature, prevalence, prognosis and etiology of such alterations are poorly understood. Patients complaining of head-trauma and a related olfactory dysfunction typically have anosmia and rarely regain normal olfactory ability. Parosmia prevalences decreases over time in such patients, and damage to olfaction-related brain structures can be observed in most such patients using an appropriate MRI protocol. In this article, we review the recent knowledge about postraumatic anosmia...
June 2005: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
J L Barranco-Quintana, M F Allam, A S Del Castillo, R F-C Navajas
AIM: In this review we present and discuss the main risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD) reported by epidemiological, genetic and biochemical studies. DEVELOPMENT: The most frequently mentioned factors are: 1. Age. It is the principal marker for the disease risk; 2. Sex. It is estimated that the prevalence of AD is higher in women than in men; 3. Genetics. Although the genetic role has been demonstrated, there is an important genetic heterogeneity; 4. Tobacco...
May 16, 2005: Revista de Neurologia
M F Allam, A S del Castillo, R F C Navajas
AIMS: In this review we present and discuss the main risk factors (RF) for Parkinson s disease (PD) reported by epidemiological and biochemical research. METHODS: The most frequently mentioned RF are: 1. Age: PD is not a pathological condition that is restricted to the elderly, although most people who suffer from it are over 60 years of age; 2. Sex: in most epidemiological studies there are no differences to be found in prevalence of PD according to sex; 3. Genetic: no gene has been identified as being responsible for idiopathic PD...
April 16, 2003: Revista de Neurologia
A Palomeque Rico, J M Costa Clará, F J Cambra Lasaosa, C Luaces Cubells, M Pons Odena, J M Martín Rodrigo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the causes of epidural hematoma in order to know its incidence in craneoencephalic trauma and establish prognostic criteria. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 70 children with the diagnosis of epidural hematoma between 1990 and 1995 were studied. Clinical, radiological, chronologic variables and evolution were analyzed. RESULTS: The diagnosis was made during the first 4 years in 63% of the cases...
November 1997: Anales Españoles de Pediatría
D Ayuso Murillo, M D Pérez Cárdenas, A I Cabrero Cabrero, A I Fernández Herranz, M P Conde Alonso, M García Villa, J Gutiérrez Rodríguez
The increase in the incidence of Craneoencephalic Trauma takes us to the search of new techniques such as the calculus of the Fraction of Oxygen Brain Extraction, determined by the channelling of the jugular bulb and later extraction of cerebral venous gasometries simultaneously to peripheric arterial gasometries. The aim of our work is to let Nursing know its handling as well as the diagnostic and therapeutical advantages and their associated complications. We conclude that this technique shows important advantages in the handling of endocraneal hypertension without being a work overload for Nursing...
April 1995: Enfermería Intensiva
J Gómez, M Poza, M Martínez Pérez, J Martínez López, J L Hernández, F Martín Luengo, M Canteras, M Valdés
BACKGROUND: Analysis of the epidemiologic characteristics of cerebral abscesses and comparison with 2 therapeutic schedules. METHODS: The clinical history of 66 patients with cerebral abscesses admitted over 14 years in the Neurosurgical Ward of the Virgen de la Arrixaca Hospital in Murcia were reviewed. Two therapeutic groups were designed of 33 and 31 patients respectively treated with classical or modern schedules and clinical efficacy was evaluated. RESULTS: Infections in the ORL area, craneoencephalic trauma, and brain surgery were the predisposing factors in 63% of the cases...
November 16, 1991: Medicina Clínica
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