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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920744/attitudes-of-older-adults-in-a-group-based-exercise-program-toward-a-blended-intervention-a-focus-group-study
#1
Sumit Mehra, Tessa Dadema, Ben J A Kröse, Bart Visser, Raoul H H Engelbert, Jantine Van Den Helder, Peter J M Weijs
Ageing is associated with a decline in daily functioning and mobility. A physically active life and physical exercise can minimize the decline of daily functioning and improve the physical-, psychological- and social functioning of older adults. Despite several advantages of group-based exercise programs, older adults participating in such interventions often do not meet the frequency, intensity or duration of exercises needed to gain health benefits. An exercise program that combines the advantages of group-based exercises led by an instructor with tailored home-based exercises can increase the effectiveness...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919288/variation-in-male-spermiation-response-to-exogenous-hormones-among-divergent-populations-of-red-eyed-treefrogs
#2
Leah E Jacobs, Jeanne M Robertson, Kristine Kaiser
BACKGROUND: The non-lethal collection of sperm from live males is an important component for multiple captive-breeding techniques, including assisted reproductive technology (ART) protocols, sperm cryopreservation and in vitro fertilization. However, in amphibians, the type and amount of hormone necessary to induce spermiation can be highly variable, even among closely related species. We are unaware of any studies that have examined the spermiation response to exogenous hormones across highly differentiated populations within a species...
December 5, 2016: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918866/a-lot-of-hard-work-but-doable-pregnancy-experiences-of-women-with-type-1-diabetes
#3
Meaghan McGrath, Joan Chrisler
Despite many medical advances, pregnant women with type-1 diabetes are still considered to be at high risk. Previous research suggests that physicians' focus on strict glycemic control and negative outcomes can result in fear and uncertainty about undertaking pregnancy. The present study was designed to gain insight into the lived pregnancy experiences of women with type-1 diabetes and to solicit their thoughts on what health care providers could do to assist them to have a healthy pregnancy. Ten U.S. women with type-1 diabetes who were currently pregnant and/or had previously given birth participated in structured interviews...
December 5, 2016: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918468/transcriptome-analysis-of-the-tadpole-shrimp-triops-longicaudatus-by-illumina-paired-end-sequencing-assembly-annotation-and-marker-discovery
#4
Jiyeon Seong, Se Won Kang, Bharat Bhusan Patnaik, So Young Park, Hee Ju Hwang, Jong Min Chung, Dae Kwon Song, Mi Young Noh, Seung-Hwan Park, Gwang Joo Jeon, Hong Sik Kong, Soonok Kim, Ui Wook Hwang, Hong Seog Park, Yeon Soo Han, Yong Seok Lee
The tadpole shrimp (Triops longicaudatus) is an aquatic crustacean that helps control pest populations. It inhabits freshwater ponds and pools and has been described as a living fossil. T. longicaudatus was officially declared an endangered species South Korea in 2005; however, through subsequent protection and conservation management, it was removed from the endangered species list in 2012. The limited number of available genetic resources on T. longicaudatus makes it difficult to obtain valuable genetic information for marker-aided selection programs...
December 2, 2016: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917703/principles-of-the-kenzan-method-for-robotic-cell-spheroid-based-3d-bioprinting
#5
Nicanor I Moldovan, Narutoshi Hibino, Koichi Nakayama
Bioprinting is a technology with the prospect to change the way many diseases are treated, by replacing the damaged tissues with live, de novo created bio-similar constructs. However, after more than a decade of incubation and many proofs-of-concept, the field is still in its infancy. The current stagnation is the consequence of its early success: the first bioprinters, and most of those which followed, were modified versions of the 3D printers used in additive manufacturing, redesigned for layer-by-layer dispersion of biomaterials...
December 4, 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917691/impact-a-multifaceted-implementation-for-conversation-partner-training-in-aphasia-in-dutch-rehabilitation-settings
#6
Sandra Wielaert, Mieke W M E van de Sandt-Koenderman, Nina Dammers, Karen Sage
PURPOSE: Exploration of the clinical uptake of a novel conversation partner training (CPT) programme in aphasia in 10 Dutch rehabilitation facilities and identification of its perceived facilitators and barriers in service providers, and the evaluation of the implementation methods used. METHOD: Ten rehabilitation centres took part in a multifaceted implementation of CPT over 13 months. Each centre selected two speech and language therapists to act as knowledge brokers whose role was to raise awareness of CPT in the team and to facilitate getting partners of people with aphasia into the programme...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917304/quality-of-life-of-cypriot-patients-suffering-with-huntington-s-disease
#7
Eleni Varda, Christiana A Demetriou, Alexandros Heraclides, Yiolanda P Christou, Eleni Zamba-Papanicolaou
INTRODUCTION: Huntington's disease (HD) has profound motor, behavioural and cognitive symptoms. Despite the enormous burden of this disease on the quality of life (QoL) of patients and their families, there is very limited evidence on this topic. Considering the severity of HD patients, and the high prevalence in Cyprus more studies are needed to assess QoL among Cypriot patients, in order to improve our knowledge about their living conditions and to assist the management of this condition...
October 25, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917211/community-reintegration-and-related-factors-in-a-nigerian-stroke-sample
#8
Christopher Akosile, Chioma Nworah, Emmanuel Okoye, Babatunde Adegoke, Joseph Umunnah, Ayodeji Fabunmi
BACKGROUND: The goal of stroke rehabilitation has shifted from mere survival of a victim to how well a survivor can be effectively reintegrated back into the community. OBJECTIVES: The present study determined the level of satisfaction with community reintegration (CR) and related factors among Nigerian community-dwelling stroke survivors (CDSS). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of 71 volunteering CDSS (35 males, 36 females) from selected South-Eastern Nigerian communities...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916948/a-robust-and-device-free-system-for-the-recognition-and-classification-of-elderly-activities
#9
Fangmin Li, Mohammed Abdulaziz Aide Al-Qaness, Yong Zhang, Bihai Zhao, Xidao Luan
Human activity recognition, tracking and classification is an essential trend in assisted living systems that can help support elderly people with their daily activities. Traditional activity recognition approaches depend on vision-based or sensor-based techniques. Nowadays, a novel promising technique has obtained more attention, namely device-free human activity recognition that neither requires the target object to wear or carry a device nor install cameras in a perceived area. The device-free technique for activity recognition uses only the signals of common wireless local area network (WLAN) devices available everywhere...
December 1, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916540/correlates-of-caregivers-involvement-in-the-management-of-older-adults-medications
#10
Marwa Noureldin, Kimberly S Plake
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers are actively involved in medication management, yet little is known about factors associated with caregivers' involvement in this role and how that information can be utilized to engage caregivers in the healthcare system. OBJECTIVES: To explore factors associated with caregiver involvement in various aspects of older adults' medication management (i.e., ordering, keeping track or ensuring the correct medication is taken at the correct time, and injecting medications)...
November 11, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916070/-effect-of-luteal-phase-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-agonist-administration-on-pregnancy-outcome-in-ivf-icsi-cycles-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
L P Yu, N Liu, Y Liu
Objective: To evaluate the potential efficacy and safety of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist(GnRH-a) administration in the luteal-phase on in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles in assisted reproductive technology (ART). Methods: The relevant papers published before November 2015 were electronically searched in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, WHO ICTRP, ClinicalTrials.gov, CNKI, CBM and WanFang database to collect randomized controlled trial (RCT) involving GnRH-a administration in the luteal-phase on IVF/ICSI cycles in ART...
November 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915265/the-ethics-of-unilateral-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-and-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-with-defibrillator-deactivation-patient-perspectives
#12
Margaret Daeschler, Ralph J Verdino, James N Kirkpatrick
AIMS: Decisions about deactivation of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are complicated. Unilateral do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders (against patient/family wishes) have been ethically justified in cases of medical futility. Unilateral deactivation of ICDs may be seen as a logical extension of a unilateral DNR order. However, the ethical implications of unilateral ICD deactivation have not been explored. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty patients who had an ICD or cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D) were interviewed at a quaternary medical centre outpatient electrophysiology practice...
December 2, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914487/factors-affecting-job-satisfaction-of-aboriginal-mental-health-workers-working-in-community-mental-health-in-rural-and-remote-new-south-wales
#13
Catherine Cosgrave, Myfanwy Maple, Rafat Hussain
Objective The aim of the present study was to identify factors affecting the job satisfaction and subsequent retention of Aboriginal mental health workers (AMHWs).Methods Five AMHWs working in New South Wales (NSW) for NSW Health in rural and remote community mental health (CMH) services participated in in-depth, semi-structured interviews to understand how employment and rural living factors affected workers' decisions to stay or leave their CMH positions.Results Using a constructivist grounded theory analysis, three aspects negatively impacting the job satisfaction of AMHWs were identified: (1) difficulties being accepted into the team and organisation; (2) culturally specific work challenges; and (3) professional differences and inequality...
December 5, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912205/the-prevalence-of-sexual-dysfunction-and-its-association-with-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#14
Alexandra Neiman, Salil Ginde, Michael G Earing, Peter J Bartz, Scott Cohen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of sexual dysfunction (SD) and its impact on quality of life (QOL) in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) is not well known. The aims of this study were to: determine the prevalence of SD, evaluate the risk factors associated with SD, and determine the association between SD and QOL in adults with CHD. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of adults (≥18years) with CHD presenting for routine follow-up at our institution. Subjects completed the CDC HRQOL-14 "Health Days Measure" to assess mental and physical health, and either the Sexual Health Inventory for Men or the Female Sexual Function Index to assess sexual function...
November 19, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910711/endometrial-injury-for-rif-patients-undergoing-ivf-icsi-a-prospective-nonrandomized-controlled-trial
#15
Charalampos Siristatidis, Maria Kreatsa, Nikoleta Koutlaki, George Galazios, Vasileios Pergialiotis, Nikolaos Papantoniou
To evaluate the effect of endometrial injury on clinical outcomes in subfertile women with repeated implantation failures (RIF) undergoing assisted reproduction. In this prospective nonrandomized controlled trial, 103 subfertile women with RIF were included. Fifty-one underwent endometrial injury through hysteroscopy in the early follicular phase of the previous cycle and 52 underwent the standard protocol without any intervention. Live birth and miscarriage were the primary outcomes. Clinical and in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle characteristics, were also compared between groups...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908471/-removal-and-transplant-synchronised-surgical-procedures
#16
Jacques Hubert, Luc Frimat
Since 2001, the team of the organ and tissue procurement unit of Nancy general hospital has practised the minimally invasive laparoscopic organ removal procedure through robot-assisted surgery. Here the team shares its expertise in the area of kidney removal from a living donor. Perfectly synchronised with the procedure of the team in charge of the transplant, the surgical stages are carried out in sequence ensuring optimal safety for the donor and recipient.
December 2016: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906014/acceptability-and-use-of-ready-to-use-supplementary-food-compared-to-corn-soy-blend-as-a-targeted-ration-in-an-hiv-program-in-rural-haiti-a-qualitative-study
#17
Anne G Beckett, Debbie Humphries, J Gregory Jerome, Jessica E Teng, Patrick Ulysse, Louise C Ivers
BACKGROUND: Ready-to-use supplementary food (RUSF) is increasingly used as a component of food rations for adults with HIV. METHODS: We undertook a qualitative study to evaluate the acceptability and use of peanut-based RUSF compared to corn-soy blend (CSB) among adults living with HIV in rural Haiti who had been enrolled in a prospective, randomized trial comparing the impact of those rations. A total of 13 focus groups were conducted with 84 participants-42 selected from the RUSF arm of the study, and 42 from the CSB arm-using a guide with pre-designated core topics and open-ended questions...
February 17, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905918/decomposing-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-depressive-symptoms-among-the-elderly-in-china
#18
Yongjian Xu, Jinjuan Yang, Jianmin Gao, Zhongliang Zhou, Tao Zhang, Jianping Ren, Yanli Li, Yuyan Qian, Sha Lai, Gang Chen
BACKGROUND: Accelerated population ageing brings about unprecedented challenges to the health system in China. This study aimed to measure the prevalence and the income-related inequality of depressive symptoms, and also identify the determinants of depressive symptom inequality among the elderly in China. METHODS: Data were drawn from the second wave of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Depressive symptoms were assessed with a 10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), which was preselected in CHARLS...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903937/identification-and-validation-of-clinically-meaningful-benchmarks-in-the-12-item-multiple-sclerosis-walking-scale
#19
Myla D Goldman, Melanie D Ward, Robert W Motl, David E Jones, John H Pula, Diego Cadavid
BACKGROUND: The 12-item Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale (12-MSWS) is a validated questionnaire which assessed walking function; it has been widely adopted in multiple sclerosis (MS) clinical research. OBJECTIVE: Identify and validate clinically meaningful 12-MSWS benchmarks in MS. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 159 MS patients permitted identification of clinically meaningful 12-MSWS benchmarks based on their relationship to real-life anchors...
November 30, 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903211/participant-perceptions-of-a-rapid-response-team-training-course
#20
Richard Chalwin, Sam Radford, Alex Psirides, Russell Laver, Petra Bierer, Sumeet Rai, Cameron Knott, John Dyett, Daryl Jones
BACKGROUND: Rapid response team (RRT) responders would benefit from training, to ensure competent and efficient management of the deteriorating patient. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We obtained delegate feedback on a pilot training course for RRTs, commissioned by the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society (ANZICS), at the second ANZICS: The Deteriorating Patient Conference. METHODS: We surveyed participants on their perceptions of the course overall, and their perceptions of sessions containing presentations and videotaped and live demonstrations of simulated scenarios of patients whose conditions were deteriorating...
December 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
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