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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140826/effects-of-integrating-rhythmic-arm-swing-into-robot-assisted-walking-in-patients-with-subacute-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#1
Tae-Woo Kang, Duck-Won Oh, Ji-Hyun Lee, Heon-Seock Cynn
This study aimed to identify the effects of rhythmic arm swing during robot-assisted walking training on balance, gait, motor function, and activities of daily living among patients with subacute stroke. Twenty patients with subacute stroke were recruited, and thereafter randomly allocated to either the experimental group that performed the robot-assisted walking training with rhythmic arm swing, or the control group that performed the training in arm fixation. In total, 30 training sessions were carried out...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139332/the-views-of-adults-with-huntington-s-disease-on-assisted-dying-a-qualitative-exploration
#2
Laurence Regan, Nancy J Preston, Fiona J R Eccles, Jane Simpson
BACKGROUND: Assisted dying is frequently debated publicly and research often includes the views of health professionals on this issue. However, the views of people with life-limiting conditions, for whom this issue is likely to have a different resonance, are less well represented. AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore the views of people who live with the inevitability of developing Huntington's disease, a genetically transmitted disease which significantly limits life, on assisted dying...
November 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139114/operation-family-caregiver-problem-solving-training-for-military-caregivers-in-a-community-setting
#3
Leisa R Easom, Ke Wang, Renee H Moore, Heqiong Wang, Laura Bauer
OBJECTIVE: This study, conducted over a 2-year period at 9 sites, describes the outcomes of an evidence-based support program, Operation Family Caregiver, to gain an understanding of how a tailored, problem-solving training could assist military caregivers, who provide care and assistance to those injured, ill, or disabled as a result of war. METHOD: A pre-post research design was employed to examine caregiver burden, depression, health complaints, satisfaction with life, children's anxiety, and problem solving among a convenience sample of caregivers of 128 military service members and veterans...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137185/a-cross-sectional-study-of-nutrient-intake-and-health-status-among-older-adults-in-yogyakarta-indonesia
#4
Tony Arjuna, Stijn Soenen, Rasita Amelia Hasnawati, Kylie Lange, Ian Chapman, Natalie D Luscombe-Marsh
Many communities around the world, particularly developing countries including Indonesia, are experiencing population ageing. There is little knowledge regarding the impact of malnutrition, or its prevalence within rural compared to urban areas, on the nutritional, functional and mental status of community-living older residents in these countries. Hence, a cross-sectional study was conducted to determine socio-demographic and anthropometric characteristics, nutritional, mental and functional status, and energy and nutrient intake of community-dwelling Indonesians from both rural and urban areas of Yogyakarta...
November 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137174/hdomo-smart-sensor-integration-for-an-active-and-independent-longevity-of-the-elderly
#5
Emanuele Frontoni, Rama Pollini, Paola Russo, Primo Zingaretti, Graziano Cerri
The aim of this paper is to present the main results of HDOMO, an Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) project that involved 16 Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and 2 research institutes. The objective of the project was to create an autonomous and automated domestic environment, primarily for elderly people and people with physical and motor disabilities. A known and familiar environment should help users in their daily activities and it should act as a virtual caregiver by calling, if necessary, relief efforts...
November 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136189/serum-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-treatment-outcomes-among-women-undergoing-assisted-reproduction
#6
Y-H Chiu, A E Karmon, A J Gaskins, M Arvizu, P L Williams, I Souter, B R Rueda, R Hause, J E Chavarro
STUDY QUESTION: Are serum polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) concentrations, including omega-3 (ω3-PUFA) and omega-6 (ω6-PUFA), related to ART outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Serum levels of long-chain ω3-PUFA were positively associated with probability of live birth among women undergoing ART. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Intake of ω3-PUFA improves oocyte and embryo quality in animal and human studies. However, a recent cohort study found no relation between circulating ω3-PUFA levels and pregnancy rates after ART...
November 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136154/the-number-of-oocytes-retrieved-during-ivf-a-balance-between-efficacy-and-safety
#7
Åsa Magnusson, Karin Källen, Ann Thurin-Kjellberg, Christina Bergh
STUDY QUESTION: What is the relationship between the number of oocytes collected in fresh IVF treatments and the likelihood of cumulative delivery rate (fresh and frozen) per oocyte aspiration, severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) and thromboembolic events? SUMMARY ANSWER: Cumulative delivery rate per aspiration increases up to 20 oocytes retrieved and then evens out while the incidence of severe OHSS increases more rapidly from around 18 oocytes and thromboembolic events, although rare, occurs in particular if 15 or more oocytes are retrieved...
November 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134342/an-introduction-and-overview-of-machine-learning-in-neurosurgical-care
#8
REVIEW
Joeky T Senders, Mark M Zaki, Aditya V Karhade, Bliss Chang, William B Gormley, Marike L Broekman, Timothy R Smith, Omar Arnaout
BACKGROUND: Machine learning (ML) is a branch of artificial intelligence that allows computers to learn from large complex datasets without being explicitly programmed. Although ML is already widely manifest in our daily lives in various forms, the considerable potential of ML has yet to find its way into mainstream medical research and day-to-day clinical care. The complex diagnostic and therapeutic modalities used in neurosurgery provide a vast amount of data that is ideally suited for ML models...
November 13, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134181/pregnancy-and-live-birth-after-follicle-stimulating-hormone-treatment-for-an-infertile-couple-including-a-male-affected-by-sertoli-cell-only-syndrome
#9
Gianni Paulis, Luca Paulis, Gennaro Romano, Carmen Concas, Marika Di Sarno, Renata Pagano, Antonio Di Filippo, Maria Luisa Di Petrillo
In males with nonobstructive azoospermia, one of the main histopathologic patterns of the testis is Sertoli cell-only syndrome (SCOS), in which no germ cells are present and only Sertoli cells are contained in the seminiferous tubules. There is not any formal treatment for this pathological condition. However, several studies reported the possibility to perform testicular sperm extraction in patients with SCOS, although, according to some authors, sperm retrieval is possible only in the presence of focal spermatogenesis...
2017: Research and Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133284/the-association-of-health-literacy-and-electronic-health-literacy-with-self-efficacy-coping-and-caregiving-perceptions-among-carers-of-people-with-dementia-research-protocol-for-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#10
Areti Efthymiou, Nicos Middleton, Andreas Charalambous, Evridiki Papastavrou
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, electronic health (eHealth) literacy has attracted the attention of the scientific community, as it is associated with the self-management of patients with chronic diseases and the quality and cost of care. It is estimated that 80% of people with chronic diseases are cared for at home by a family member, friend, or relative. Informal carers are susceptible to physical and mental health problems, as well as social and financial hardships. Nevertheless, there seems to be a research gap in terms of carers' needs, skills, and available resources in the age of new technologies, with the vital role of eHealth literacy of the carers remaining unexplored...
November 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133281/should-medical-assistance-in-dying-be-extended-to-incompetent-patients-with-dementia-research-protocol-of-a-survey-among-four-groups-of-stakeholders-from-quebec-canada
#11
Gina Bravo, Claudie Rodrigue, Vincent Thériault, Marcel Arcand, Jocelyn Downie, Marie-France Dubois, Sharon Kaasalainen, Cees M Hertogh, Sophie Pautex, Lieve Van den Block
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease and related disorders affect a growing number of people worldwide. Quality of life is generally good in the early stages of these diseases. However, many individuals fear living through the advanced stages. Such fears are triggering requests for medical assistance in dying (MAiD) by patients with dementia. Legislation was recently passed in Canada and the province of Quebec allowing MAiD at the explicit request of a patient who meets a set of eligibility criteria, including competence...
November 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133152/laparoscopic-assisted-uterus-retrieval-from-live-organ-donors-for-uterine-transplant
#12
Shailesh Puntambekar, Milind Telang, Pankaj Kulkarni, Sanjeev Jadhav, Ravindra Sathe, Neeta Warty, Seema Puntambekar, Sandesh Kade, Mangesh Panse, Nikhil Agarkhedkar, Giriraj Gandhi, Manoj Manchekar, Hirav Parekh, Kajal Parikh, Riddhi Desai, Mehul Mehta, Mihir Chitale, Sambit Nanda
OBJECTIVE: The authors present the first ever laparoscopic assisted uterus retrieval in live donor for uterus transplant. DESIGN: A step-by-step surgical demonstration SETTING: Galaxy CARE Laparoscopy Institute, Pune, India PATIENT(S): Two patients, ages 21 and 26 with Mayer Rokitansky Kuster Hauser (MRKH) syndrome and Ashermann's syndrome respectively, with their mothers as donors. INTERVENTION(S): A Twelve member team was formed. After review of available literature on uterine transplant a protocol was formulated and submitted to the IRB...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132946/an-interview-study-of-patient-and-caregiver-perspectives-on-advance-care-planning-in-esrd
#13
Marcus Sellars, Josephine M Clayton, Rachael L Morton, Tim Luckett, William Silvester, Lucy Spencer, Carol A Pollock, Rowan G Walker, Peter G Kerr, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Advance care planning (ACP) empowers patients to consider and communicate their current and future treatment goals. However, it can be an emotionally charged process for patients with kidney disease and their caregivers. This study aimed to describe the perspectives and attitudes of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and their caregivers toward ACP. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Patients with ESRD (n=24) and their caregivers (n=15) aged 36 to 91 years at various stages of ACP ("not commenced," "in progress," or "completed") from 3 renal services...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130870/modern-technology-to-support-carers-of-care-recipients-with-dementia-or-functional-mental-illness-promising-progress-but-a-long-road-ahead
#14
Nicola T Lautenschlager, Janine Diehl-Schmid, Samantha M Loi, Johannes Mayer, Maria Tensil, Alexander F Kurz
There is no doubt that family carers who look after a family member with dementia or with a functional mental illness fulfill an important role, not only for their loved one, but also for the health and aged care systems of the countries they live in. Due to increasing life expectancy, but also improved healthcare the number of family carers supporting older care recipients with functional mental illness or dementia is on the rise. While the carer role often can offer rewarding experiences caregivers are at increased risk of stress, depression, sleep problems, and often experience poor health outcomes with increased morbidity and mortality (Oyebode, 2003)...
December 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130648/emergent-percutaneous-therapy-for-left-ventricular-assist-device-retrograde-flow
#15
Ryan E Wilson, John C Gurley, Navin Rajagopalan, Thomas A Tribble
With the number of heart transplants being performed each year stagnating due to lack of donors the left ventricular assist device (LVAD) patient population will continue to grow. As more and more patients are living longer with LVADs, either as a bridge to transplant or destination therapy, we will continue to see an increased number of complications related to assist device therapy. One of the common challenges physicians face are patients who suffer from both bleeding and thrombotic complications. When bleeding complications occur anticoagulation is usually reduced or discontinued and then the thrombosis risk increases...
November 11, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129407/finding-a-place-for-corifollitropin-within-the-pivet-fsh-dosing-algorithms
#16
John L Yovich, Kevin N Keane, Gayatri Borude, Satvinder S Dhaliwal, Peter M Hinchliffe
PIVET recombinant FSH (rFSH) dosing algorithms have been designed for rFSH injection pens, providing optimal pregnancy and live birth productivity rates whilst minimizing risk and occurrence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). Recently, long-acting recombinant gonadotrophin corifollitropin (Elonva) was approved for use in assisted reproduction, and welcomed by patients as the single injection allowed ovarian stimulation over 7 days without need for multiple injections. Consequently, another rFSH dosing algorithm was devised to incorporate Elonva, and these cycles were compared to standard rFSH agents, Gonal-f and Puregon...
October 31, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128788/inclusion-of-service-robots-in-the-daily-lives-of-frail-older-users-a-step-by-step-definition-procedure-on-users-requirements
#17
Álvaro García-Soler, David Facal, Unai Díaz-Orueta, Lucia Pigini, Lorenzo Blasi, Renxi Qiu
The implications for the inclusion of robots in the daily lives of frail older adults, especially in relation to these population needs, have not been extensively studied. The "Multi-Role Shadow Robotic System for Independent Living" (SRS) project has developed a remotely-controlled, semi-autonomous robotic system to be used in domestic environments. The objective of this paper is to document the iterative procedure used to identify, select and prioritize user requirements. Seventy-four requirements were identified by means of focus groups, individual interviews and scenario-based interviews...
October 31, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#18
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127451/development-and-validation-of-3d-printed-virtual-models-for-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-and-partial-nephrectomy-urologists-and-patients-perception
#19
Francesco Porpiglia, Riccardo Bertolo, Enrico Checcucci, Daniele Amparore, Riccardo Autorino, Prokar Dasgupta, Peter Wiklund, Ashutosh Tewari, Evangelos Liatsikos, Cristian Fiori
PURPOSE: To test the face and content validity of 3D virtual-rendered printed models used before robot-assisted prostate cancer and nephron-sparing surgery. METHODS: Patients who underwent live surgery during an international urological meeting organized in January 2017 were enrolled. Those with organ-confined prostate cancer underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Patients with a single renal tumor underwent minimally invasive nephron-sparing surgery. High-resolution (HR) imaging was obtained for all patients...
November 10, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126420/healthcare-access-for-refugee-women-with-limited-literacy-layers-of-disadvantage
#20
Annette Floyd, Dikaios Sakellariou
BACKGROUND: Record numbers of people, across the world, are forced to be displaced because of conflict or other violations of their human rights, thus becoming refugees. Often, refugees not only have a higher burden of disease but also compromised access to healthcare, as they face many barriers, such as limited knowledge of the local language. However, there is very limited knowledge on the lived experiences of this population. Moreover, the strategies people might develop in their efforts to access healthcare have not been explored in depth, despite their value in establishing peer- support, community based programs...
November 10, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
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