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Assisted living

Leyla Ismayilova, Eleni Gaveras, Austin Blum, Alexice Tô-Camier, Rachel Nanema
OBJECTIVES: Research about the mental health of children in Francophone West Africa is scarce. This paper examines the relationships between adverse childhood experiences, including exposure to violence and exploitation, and mental health outcomes among children living in ultra-poverty in rural Burkina Faso. METHODS: This paper utilizes baseline data collected from 360 children ages 10-15 and 360 of their mothers recruited from twelve impoverished villages in the Nord Region of Burkina, located near the Sahel Desert and affected by extreme food insecurity...
2016: PloS One
Zhi Zhao, Nasser Hamdan, Li Shen, Hanqing Nan, Abdullah Almajed, Edward Kavazanjian, Ximin He
We have developed a novel method to synthesize a hyper-branched bio-mimetic hydrogel network across a soil matrix to improve the mechanical strength of the loose soil and simultaneously mitigate potential contamination due to a harmful by-product. This method successfully yielded a hierarchical structure that possesses the water retention, ion absorption, and soil aggregation capabilities of plant root systems in a chemically controllable manner. Inspired by the robust organic-inorganic composites found in many living organisms, we have combined this hydrogel network with a calcite biomineralization process to stabilize soil...
October 20, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Linling Zhu, Yu Zhang, Yifeng Liu, Runjv Zhang, Yiqing Wu, Yun Huang, Feng Liu, Meigen Li, Saijun Sun, Lanfeng Xing, Yimin Zhu, Yiyi Chen, Li Xu, Liangbi Zhou, Hefeng Huang, Dan Zhang
This study was carried out to explore associations between assisted reproductive technology (ART) and maternal and neonatal outcomes compared with similar outcomes following spontaneously conceived births. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of pregnancies conceived by ART (N = 2641) during 2006-2014 compared to naturally conceived pregnancies (N = 5282) after matching for maternal age and birth year. Pregnancy complications, perinatal complications and neonatal outcomes of enrolled subjects were investigated and analysed by multivariate logistic regression...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
Deepa Rao, Yamile Molina, Nina Lambert, Susan E Cohn
PURPOSE: In the present study, we validated a culturally adapted stigma scale designed to assess stigma among African Americans living with HIV. METHODS: We collected data on the scale using an audio computer assisted self-interview (ACASI) format. We validated the scale with a sample of 62 African American participants living with HIV. RESULTS: Findings demonstrated that stigma can be measured succinctly and effectively in a 14-item scale with two subscales measuring enacted and internalized stigma...
August 2016: Stigma Health
Caiyun He, Guori Gao, Jianguo Zhang, Aiguo Duan, Hongmei Luo
BACKGROUND: Low temperature is one of the crucial environmental factors limiting the productivity and distribution of plants. Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.), a well recognized multipurpose plant species, live successfully in in cold desert regions. But their molecular mechanisms underlying cold tolerance are not well understood. METHODS: Physiological and biochemical responses to low-temperature stress were studied in seedlings of sea buckthorn. Differentially expressed protein spots were analyzed using multiplexing fluorescent two-dimensional fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) coupled with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) time-of-flight/time-of-flight (TOF/TOF) mass spectrometry (MS), the concentration of phytohormone was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and a spectrophotometric assay was used to measure enzymatic reactions...
2016: Proteome Science
Sheena Mary McCormack, Veronica Noseda, Jean-Michel Molina
INTRODUCTION: In contrast to the global trend showing a decline in new HIV infections, the number reported in the World Health Organization (WHO) region of Europe is increasing. Health systems are disparate, but even countries with free access to screening and treatment observe continuing high rates of new infections in key populations, notably men who have sex with men (MSM). Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is only available in France. This commentary describes the European epidemics and healthcare settings where PrEP could be delivered, how need might be estimated for MSM and the residual barriers to access...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
Marie E Wang, Archana B Patel, Nellie I Hansen, Lauren Arlington, Amber Prakash, Patricia L Hibberd
BACKGROUND: Possible serious bacterial infection (PBSI) is a major cause of neonatal mortality worldwide. We studied risk factors for PSBI in a large rural population in central India where facility deliveries have increased as a result of a government financial assistance program. METHODS: We studied 37,379 pregnant women and their singleton live born infants with birth weight ≥ 1.5 kg from 20 rural primary health centers around Nagpur, India, using data from the 2010-13 population-based Maternal and Newborn Health Registry supported by NICHD's Global Network for Women's and Children's Health Research...
October 19, 2016: BMC Public Health
Matthew Shortus, Jennie Musto, Hugo Bugoro, Charles Butafa, Alison Sio, Cynthia Joshua
PROBLEM: The close quartering and exposed living conditions in evacuation centres and the potential increase in vector density after flooding in Solomon Islands resulted in an increased risk of exposure for the occupants to vectorborne diseases. CONTEXT: In April 2014, Solomon Islands experienced a flash flooding event that affected many areas and displaced a large number of people. In the capital, Honiara, nearly 10 000 people were housed in emergency evacuation centres at the peak of the post-flood emergency...
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
Rachelle T Hassarati, L John R Foster, Rylie A Green
The recent success of olfactory ensheathing cell (OEC) assisted regeneration of injured spinal cord has seen a rising interest in the use of these cells in tissue-engineered systems. Previously shown to support neural cell growth through glial scar tissue, OECs have the potential to assist neural network formation in living electrode systems to produce superior neuroprosthetic electrode surfaces. The following study sought to understand the influence of biphasic electrical stimulation (ES), inherent to bionic devices, on cell survival and function, with respect to conventional metallic and developmental conductive hydrogel (CH) coated electrodes...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Turid Midjo, Karin Ellingsen Aune
This article explores the self-constructions of young adults with mild intellectual disabilities in talk about their everyday living and how parents and professionals construct young adults with disabilities in talk about their involvement in transition processes. The analysis is related to an interpretive tradition and conducted based on individual interviews with four young adults with mild intellectual disability, five parents of young adults with mild intellectual disabilities and five professionals in the adult service system...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Tasneem Khan, Shelley Macaulay, Shane A Norris, Lisa K Micklesfield, Estelle D Watson
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has increased rapidly in both developed and developing countries and has become a growing health concern worldwide. A recent systematic review highlighted the paucity of data available on the prevalence and potential burden of GDM in Africa, which was emphasised by the fact that only 11 % of African countries were represented in the review. In South Africa, the prevalence of GDM remains unknown, although one would estimate it to be high due to urbanisation and the growing obesity epidemic...
October 18, 2016: BMC Women's Health
Debasish Sen, Stephen M Jones, Erin M Oswald, Henry Pinkard, Kaitlin Corbin, Matthew F Krummel
Myeloid-derived cells such as monocytes, dendritic cells (DCs), and macrophages are at the heart of the immune effector function in an inflammatory response. But because of the lack of an efficient imaging system to trace these cells live during their migration and maturation in their native environment at sub-cellular resolution, our knowledge is limited to data available from specific time-points analyzed by flow cytometry, histology, genomics and other immunological methods. Here, we have developed a ratiometric imaging method for measuring monocyte maturation in inflamed mouse lungs in situ using real-time using 2-photon imaging and complementary methods...
2016: PloS One
Pavel Hamet, Mounsif Haloui, François Harvey, François-Christophe Marois-Blanchet, Paul Simon, John Raelson, Michael Phillips, John Chalmers, Mark Woodward, Michel Marre, Stephen Harrap, Johanne Tremblay
OBJECTIVE: We have previously reported distinct genetic architectures of renal impairment in T2D patients of Slavic and Celtic origins participating in the ADVANCE trial (J Hypertens. 2015 Jun;33 Suppl 1:e3). Further analysis suggests that the major driver of the difference in the prevalence of T2D complications between Slavic and Celtic groups is due to an earlier onset of diabetes in Slavic patients. In an attempt to distinguish between environmental and genetic factors on age of onset of diabetes, we have determined the age of onset of T2D in Slavic subjects living in Celtic countries and confirmed the same earlier onset (-2 years) in these subjects, notwithstanding their living environment...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Eugenie Hildebrandt
Welfare Reform has caused a dramatic change in the lives and health of single mothers living in poverty. This qualitative study explored the health and socioeconomic lives of 22 community-dwelling women in poverty in the years after they were terminated from the current work-based welfare program intended to move women from welfare to work and independence. The instruments were a semistructured interview guide, the HANES General Well-Being Schedule, and a demographic data form. Data were analyzed using multistage narrative analysis and descriptive statistics...
October 16, 2016: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Lisa G Rosas, Deborah Salvo, Sandra J Winter, David Cortes, Juan Rivera, Nicole M Rodriguez, Abby C King
Middle- and low-income countries bear 80 % of the global chronic disease burden. Population-level, multi-sectoral approaches to promoting healthful lifestyles that take into local physical, socioeconomic, and sociocultural characteristics of both the environment and the population are needed. The "Nuestra Voz (Our Voice)" is one such approach that involves neighborhood residents acting as "citizen scientists" to systematically gather information on the barriers and facilitators of physical activity in their neighborhoods and then use their data to collectively advocate for local environmental- and policy-level changes to support active living...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Jason R Kovac, Ryan P Smith, Miguel Cajipe, Dolores J Lamb, Larry I Lipshultz
In couples with infertility, abnormal strict morphology of 0% normal forms (NF) is a criterion to proceed rapidly to in vitro fertilization (IVF). Since no data currently exist, we investigated the outcomes for men with 0% NF to determine reproductive success without the use of assisted reproductive technologies (ART). A cohort of 24 men with 0% NF were identified (2010-2013) with 27 randomly selected men with ≥4% NF as controls. Patient charts were reviewed with men contacted and administered an Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved telephone questionnaire to ascertain outcomes...
September 30, 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
Jesus M Casida, Horng-Shiuann Wu, Martha Abshire, Bidisha Ghosh, James J Yang
BACKGROUND: There is no empirical study about the context and influence of self-management (SM) factors on quality of life (QOL) among adults with left ventricular assist device (LVADs). The purpose of this study was to close this knowledge gap by: (1) differentiating select SM factors (e.g., cognition) and overall QOL based on LVAD implant durations; (2) examining the relationships among SM factors and QOL variables; and (3) identifying which SM factors predict QOL. METHODS: An observational study was employed including 87 LVAD patients, ages 20 to 80 years, with mean implant durations of 18...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Hisao Nakai, Keiko Tsukasaki, Kaoru Kyota, Tomoya Itatani, Reiko Nihonyanagi, Yasuko Shinmei, Shizuka Yasuoka
This study investigated factors affecting disaster preparedness and evacuation intentions among home-care patients dependent on electrical power for life support. Health professionals interviewed 53 home-care patients using the Kanazawa and Kochi Disaster Preparedness Checklist. About half of the participants requiring continuous artificial ventilation or aspiration indicated that they would not or could not evacuate following a disaster-even though their lives could be at risk. The availability of emergency medical equipment for use during a power outage was positively associated with the desire to evacuate...
October 2016: Journal of Community Health Nursing
Pernille Bejer Nordentoft, Thomas Engell-Sørensen, Sanne Jespersen, Faustino Gomes Correia, Candida Medina, David da Silva Té, Lars Østergaard, Alex Lund Laursen, Christian Wejse, Bo Langhoff Hønge
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to ascertain vital status of patients considered lost to follow-up at an HIV clinic in Guinea-Bissau, and describe reasons for loss to follow-up (LTFU). METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional sample of a prospective cohort, carried out between May 15, 2013, and January 31, 2014. Patients lost to follow-up, who lived within the area of the Bandim Health Project, a demographic surveillance site (DSS), were eligible for inclusion...
October 14, 2016: Infection
M K Ju, S Son, S Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to understand the adjustment process after kidney transplantation. METHODS: The research method followed grounded theory methodology of Strauss and Corbin. Twelve recipients after kidney transplantation were selected. The data were collected through in-depth, face-to-face interviews or e-mailing or phone-interviews and analyzed by means of a constant comparative method. RESULTS: Through the category analysis, "struggling for independence" was verified as the central phenomenon of recipients, and the causal conditions that influence this phenomenon were "unpredictable physical status," "the difficulty of self-care," "apathy of families and friends," and "emotional instability...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
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