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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735347/the-impact-of-eldercare-on-adult-children-s-health-and-employment-in-transitional-china
#1
Xiaomei Pei, Hao Luo, Zhiyong Lin, Norah Keating, Janet Fast
This paper explores the content and extent of the burden of caregiving for Chinese families in transition. It sets out to understand how Chinese families manage to balance family caregiving responsibilities with employment, the impact of the existing social institutions on family caregiving practices, and the risks that caregivers have to face. Data were collected from a sample of 214 workers from 14 manufacturing companies in an industrialized city in central China in 2013. Analysis revealed that common types of eldercare were assisting with activities of daily living and medical related care; middle aged employed respondents were most likely to be the caregivers to older family members; financial and time demands of care were challenging for caregivers, but women with more education and a secure job responded to the pressure of care giving better than those with less education and insecure jobs...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734874/robotic-assistants-in-personal-care-a-scoping-review
#2
REVIEW
A Bilyea, N Seth, S Nesathurai, H A Abdullah
The aim of this study is to present an overview of the technological advances in the field of robotics developed for assistance with activities of daily living (ADL), and to present areas where further research is required. Four databases were searched for articles presenting either a novel design of one of these personal care robotic system or trial results relating to these systems. Articles presenting nine different robotic personal care systems were examined, six of which had been developed after 2005. These six also all have publications relating to their trials...
July 19, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733341/activity-limitations-and-subjective-well-being-after-stroke
#3
Darin B Zahuranec, Lesli E Skolarus, Chunyang Feng, Vicki A Freedman, James F Burke
OBJECTIVE: As limitations in activities of daily living are major components of many stroke outcome scales, we examined how well activity limitations predicted subjective well-being among stroke survivors in a nationally representative survey. METHODS: Individuals with a self-reported history of stroke were identified from the National Health and Aging Trends Study. Subjective well-being (primary outcome) was assessed with a validated 7-item measure (higher = greater well-being) assessing emotions (cheerful, bored, full of life, and upset) and self-realization (purpose in life, self-acceptance, and environmental mastery)...
July 21, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733300/exploring-the-relationship-between-frequent-internet-use-and-health-and-social-care-resource-use-in-a-community-based-cohort-of-older-adults-an-observational-study-in-primary-care
#4
Caroline S Clarke, Jeff Round, Stephen Morris, Kalpa Kharicha, John Ford, Jill Manthorpe, Steve Iliffe, Claire Goodman, Kate Walters
OBJECTIVES: Given many countries' ageing populations, policymakers must consider how to mitigate or reduce health problems associated with old age, within budgetary constraints. Evidence of use of digital technology in delaying the onset of illness and reducing healthcare service use is mixed, with no clear consensus as yet. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between frequent internet use and patterns of health or social care resource use in primary care attendees who took part in a study seeking to improve the health of older adults...
July 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731633/australian-consumer-awareness-of-health-benefits-associated-with-vegetable-consumption
#5
Reetica Rekhy, Aila Khan, Jocelyn Eason, Hazel Mactavish-West, Carolyn Lister, Robyn Mcconchie
AIM: The present study investigated the perceived health benefits of specific vegetable consumption to guide the use of nutrition and health claims on vegetable marketing collateral. METHODS: Free elicitation and consumer ranking data were collected through an online survey of 1000 adults from across Australia and analysed for the perceived importance of vegetables in the daily diet, number of serves consumed per day, knowledge about health-related benefits of specific vegetables and perceived health benefits of vegetable consumption...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731565/a-narrative-synthesis-of-women-s-out-of-body-experiences-during-childbirth
#6
Lynda Bateman, Catriona Jones, Julie Jomeen
INTRODUCTION: Some women have a dissociated, out-of-body experience (OBE) during childbirth, which may be described as seeing the body from above or floating above the body. This review examines this phenomenon using narratives from women who have experienced intrapartum OBEs. METHODS: A narrative synthesis of qualitative research was employed to systematically synthesize OBE narratives from existing studies. Strict inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731291/critical-questions-advancing-the-health-of-female-veterans
#7
Lisa Muirhead, Priscilla Hall, Cedrella Jones-Taylor, Gari D Clifford, Tasha Felton-Williams, Kathy Williams
PURPOSE: Women are the fastest growing Veteran population in the United States and many receive all or part of their health care outside of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The purpose of this article is to review the healthcare issues of women Veterans and discuss implications for care. DATA SOURCES: Review of selected literature, VA resources and guidelines, and expert opinion. CONCLUSIONS: Few providers are aware of the impact military service has on the health of women and fail to ask the all-important question, "Have you served in the military?" Recognizing women's military service can reveal important information that can answer perplexing clinical questions, aid in designing comprehensive plans of care, and enable women to receive the assistance needed to address complex physical and psychosocial issues to improve the quality of their lives...
July 21, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728775/mexican-adolescents-self-reports-of-parental-monitoring-and-sexual-communication-for-prevention-of-sexual-risk-behavior
#8
Sandra Paloma Esparza Dávila, Jane Dimmitt Champion, Maria Guadalupe Moreno Monsiváis, Marlene Tovar, Maria Luisa Flores Arias
PURPOSE: Assess perceptions of parental monitoring and sexual communication for sexual health promotion among adolescents who are Mexican. DESIGN AND METHODS: Adolescents (N=153, n=85 females, n=68 males) between 14years (n=80) and 15 years (n=73) were recruited at a public high school in Monterrey in the state of Nuevo Leon, Mexico. All participants were living with a parent(s). Descriptive statistical analyses were conducted to assess sociodemographic characteristics of the group...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728602/robot-assisted-training-for-the-upper-limb-after-stroke-ratuls-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Helen Rodgers, Lisa Shaw, Helen Bosomworth, Lydia Aird, Natasha Alvarado, Sreeman Andole, David L Cohen, Jesse Dawson, Janet Eyre, Tracy Finch, Gary A Ford, Jennifer Hislop, Steven Hogg, Denise Howel, Niall Hughes, Hermano Igo Krebs, Christopher Price, Lynn Rochester, Elaine Stamp, Laura Ternent, Duncan Turner, Luke Vale, Elizabeth Warburton, Frederike van Wijck, Scott Wilkes
BACKGROUND: Loss of arm function is a common and distressing consequence of stroke. We describe the protocol for a pragmatic, multicentre randomised controlled trial to determine whether robot-assisted training improves upper limb function following stroke. METHODS/DESIGN: Study design: a pragmatic, three-arm, multicentre randomised controlled trial, economic analysis and process evaluation. SETTING: NHS stroke services. PARTICIPANTS: adults with acute or chronic first-ever stroke (1 week to 5 years post stroke) causing moderate to severe upper limb functional limitation...
July 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728578/development-of-an-optimised-key-worker-framework-for-people-with-dementia-their-family-and-caring-unit-living-in-the-community
#10
Emma Renehan, Dianne Goeman, Susan Koch
BACKGROUND: In Australia, dementia is a national health priority. With the rising number of people living with dementia and shortage of formal and informal carers predicted in the near future, developing approaches to coordinating services in quality-focused ways is considered an urgent priority. Key worker support models are one approach that have been used to assist people living with dementia and their caring unit coordinate services and navigate service systems; however, there is limited literature outlining comprehensive frameworks for the implementation of community dementia key worker roles in practice...
July 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728526/-i-m-still-here-i-m-still-alive-understanding-successful-aging-in-the-context-of-hiv
#11
Patricia Solomon, Lori Letts, Kelly K O'Brien, Stephanie Nixon, Larry Baxter, Nicole Gervais
As people living with HIV (PLWH) live longer, increased understanding of individuals' values and perceptions of successful aging can assist health providers in working with PLWH to set meaningful goals as they age. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand how PLWH define successful aging and their perceptions of contributors to successful aging. Fourteen men and ten women over the age of 50 years (mean age 57 years; mean time since diagnosis 18 years) participated in individual interviews. Interviews were analyzed using directed content analysis...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727786/is-there-a-relationship-between-geographic-distance-and-uptake-of-hiv-testing-services-a-representative-population-based-study-of-chinese-adults-in-guangzhou-china
#12
Wen Chen, Fangjing Zhou, Brian J Hall, Joseph D Tucker, Carl Latkin, Andre M N Renzaho, Li Ling
Achieving high coverage of HIV testing services is critical in many health systems, especially where HIV testing services remain centralized and inconvenient for many. As a result, planning the optimal spatial distribution of HIV testing sites is increasingly important. We aimed to assess the relationship between geographic distance and uptake of HIV testing services among the general population in Guangzhou, China. Utilizing spatial epidemiological methods and stratified household random sampling, we studied 666 adults aged 18-59...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727416/in-situ-electrochemical-sensing-and-real-time-monitoring-live-cells-based-on-freestanding-nanohybrid-paper-electrode-assembled-from-3d-functionalized-graphene-framework
#13
Yan Zhang, Jian Xiao, Qi-Ying Lv, Lu Wang, Xulin Dong, Muhammad Asif, Jinghua Ren, Wenshan He, Yimin Sun, Fei Xiao, Shuai Wang
In this work, we develop a new type of freestanding nanohybrid paper electrode assembled from 3D ionic liquid (IL) functionalized graphene framework (GF) decorated by gold nanoflowers (AuNFs), and explore its practical application in in-situ electrochemical sensing of live breast cell samples by real-time tracking biomarker H2O2 released from cells. The AuNFs modified IL functionalized GF (AuNFs/IL-GF) was synthesized via a facile and efficient dopamine assisted one-pot self-assembly strategy. The as-obtained nanohybrid assembly exhibits a typical 3D hierarchical porous structure, where the highly active electrocatalyst AuNFs are well dispersed on IL-GF scaffold...
July 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727147/the-role-of-medical-nursing-skills-training-in-caregiver-confidence-and-burden-a-cancors-study
#14
Michelle A Mollica, Kristin Litzelman, Julia H Rowland, Erin E Kent
BACKGROUND: Informal cancer caregivers provide essential support to cancer patients, including performing direct medical/nursing tasks, assisting with activities of daily living, and offering social support. This study examined associations between the receipt of medical/nursing skills training and the caregiver burden as well as the mediation of caregiving confidence on this relationship in a sample of caregivers of lung and colorectal cancer patients. METHODS: Caregivers who had been identified by cancer patients in the Cancer Care Outcomes Research and Surveillance consortium completed a questionnaire assessing the care provided, the type of medical/nursing skills training received, the burden (measured with the modified short-form Zarit Burden Interview), and the confidence in caring for their patient's physical needs...
July 20, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726467/the-importance-of-the-neighborhood-in-the-2014-ebola-outbreak-in-the-united-states-distress-worry-and-functioning
#15
Rupa Jose, E Alison Holman, Roxane Cohen Silver
OBJECTIVE: Ebola media coverage directed public attention to potential disease carriers: residents or travelers from West Africa. We investigated the role of neighborhood population factors (i.e., the concentration of West African foreigners, non-West African foreigners, non-Hispanic Blacks) on individual responses to the Ebola outbreak in the United States. The role of these community-level factors in emotional responses to this public health crisis is poorly understood. METHOD: Demographic factors, mental health, and stressful event history, collected as part of an ongoing longitudinal study of residents from 2 metropolitan communities (New York City and Boston, total N = 1,346), were combined with neighborhood data from the U...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725487/expectations-of-persons-with-paraplegia-regarding-their-care-in-india-a-qualitative-study
#16
Nalina Gupta, Kavitha Raja
STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand expectations of persons with paraplegia in India regarding their care. SETTING: India. METHODS: This study used a qualitative methodology to have a focus group interview of persons with paraplegia in India. Focus group consisted of two to four participants with paraplegia. Adults with level T6 and below, complete injury, duration of at least 6 months post injury and those living in the community were included...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725333/a-protective-association-between-snap-participation-and-educational-outcomes-among-children-of-economically-strained-households
#17
Nisha Beharie, Micaela Mercado, Mary McKay
With the recent cuts to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), more information is needed to assess the impact these policies have on vulnerable children. As such, this study assesses the potential moderating effect of SNAP participation on the association between material deprivation and educational outcomes among children living in poverty (n = 10 971, and n = 14 928). SNAP participation was found to moderate the association between material deprivation and grade retention, indicating that SNAP may be contributing to grade retention among children living in poverty, which can have positive lifelong consequences...
2017: Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725288/views-of-caregivers-on-the-ethics-of-assistive-technology-used-for-home-surveillance-of-people-living-with-dementia
#18
Maurice Mulvenna, Anton Hutton, Vivien Coates, Suzanne Martin, Stephen Todd, Raymond Bond, Anne Moorhead
This paper examines the ethics of using assistive technology such as video surveillance in the homes of people living with dementia. Ideation and concept elaboration around the introduction of a camera-based surveillance service in the homes of people with dementia, typically living alone, is explored. The paper reviews relevant literature on surveillance of people living with dementia, and summarises the findings from ideation and concept elaboration workshops, designed to capture the views of those involved in the care of people living with dementia at home...
2017: Neuroethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724036/clinical-pharmacology-profile-of-care-in-hepatology-clinic
#19
Talita Rocha Passos, Fabiana Silva Santos, Maria Cleusa Martins, Vanusa Barbosa Pinto, Flair José Carrilho, Suzane Kioko Ono
Since 2010, the Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology Division of the Central Institute of Hospital das Clínicas of the University of São Paulo Medical School (HC-FMUSP, in the Portuguese acronym) has been developing specialized electives assistance activities in the Outpatient Specialty Clinic, Secondary Level, in São Paulo NGA-63 Várzea do Carmo. The objective of this study was to analyze the pharmacotherapeutic profile of patients. This is a cross-sectional and retrospective study in which patients were seen at the Hepatology sector and the results were submitted to descriptive statistics...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721821/current-perspectives-for-the-use-of-gonane-progesteronergic-drugs-in-the-treatment-of-central-hypoventilation-syndromes
#20
Camille Loiseau, Florence Cayetanot, Fanny Joubert, Anne-Sophie Perrin-Terrin, Philippe Cardot, Marie-Noëlle Fiamma, Alain Frugiere, Christian Straus, Laurence Bodineau
BACKGROUND: Central alveolar hypoventilation syndromes (CHS) encompass neurorespiratory diseases resulting from congenital or acquired neurological disorders. Hypercapnia, acidosis, and hypoxemia resulting from CHS negatively affect physiological functions and can be life-threatening. To date, the absence of pharmacological treatment implies that the patients must receive assisted ventilation throughout their lives. OBJECTIVE: To highlight the relevance of determining conditions in which using gonane synthetic progestins could be of potential clinical interest for the treatment of CHS...
July 19, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
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