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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917980/diversity-in-livestock-resources-in-pastoral-systems-in-africa
#1
B A Kaufmann, M A Lelea, C G Hulsebusch
Pastoral systems are important producers and repositories of livestock diversity. Pastoralists use variability in their livestock resources to manage high levels of environmental variability in economically advantageous ways. In pastoral systems, human-animal-environment interactions are the basis of production and the key to higher productivity and efficiency. In other words, pastoralists manage a production system that exploits variability and keeps production costs low. When differentiating, characterising and evaluating pastoral breeds, this context-specific, functional dimension of diversity in livestock resources needs to be considered...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917975/central-asia-kyrgyzstan-and-the-learning-experience-in-the-design-of-pastoral-institutions
#2
U Kasymov, A Undeland, A Dörre, A Mackinnon
The authors analyse the nature of policy development to understand the reasons for institutional change in pasture management in Kyrgyzstan. They use the concept of intentional institutional change, emphasising its incremental nature and the important relationship between belief systems and institutions. The paper explores the relationship between the perceptions and beliefs of policy-makers, the policy interventions they undertake, and the consequences for pastoral migration and practices. The study reveals the gap between the intentions behind such policies and their outcomes, the persistence and importance of pastoral migration, and the learning process that policy-makers undergo...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917965/approaches-to-education-provision-for-mobile-pastoralists
#3
C Dyer
Experiences of mobile pastoralists often attest to a wide range of contradictions about the presumed advantages of formal education. While effort to 'reach' pastoralists has intensified under the global Education for All movement, there remain considerable difficulties in finding ways to make formal education relate to pastoralist livelihoods and complement endogenous knowledge. This paper examines how these dynamics play out across models of formal and non-formal education service provision, and identifies innovations that offer promising ways forward: Alternative Basic Education, Open and Distance Learning, and Pastoralist Field Schools...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910723/powered-mobility-intervention-understanding-the-position-of-tool-use-learning-as-part-of-implementing-the-alp-tool
#4
Lisbeth Nilsson, Josephine Durkin
PURPOSE: To explore the knowledge necessary for adoption and implementation of the Assessment of Learning Powered mobility use (ALP) tool in different practice settings for both adults and children. To consult with a diverse population of professionals working with adults and children, in different countries and various settings; who were learning about or using the ALP tool, as part of exploring and implementing research findings. METHOD: Classical grounded theory with a rigorous comparative analysis of data from informants together with reflections on our own rich experiences of powered mobility practice and comparisons with the literature...
December 2, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908032/decision-fractional-fast-fourier-transform-doppler-compensation-in-underwater-acoustic-orthogonal-frequency-division-multiplexing
#5
Xuefei Ma, Caiyun Zheng
A method of compensating for Doppler distortions of underwater acoustic channels for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signals is proposed. This method is based on symbol rebuilding. OFDM symbol rebuilding is performed after fractional fast Fourier transform (F-FFT) processing. A stochastic gradient-type adaptive algorithm is designed to learn the combiner weights for detection. Synthetic data and experimental data from a recent mobile acoustic communication experiment are used to demonstrate the performance of the proposed method, which represents a significant improvement over the F-FFT detection technique...
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904221/what-have-we-learned-from-100-success-of-press-fit-condylar-rotating-platform-posterior-stabilized-knees-a-5-10-years-followup-by-a-nondesigner
#6
Shrinand V Vaidya, Siddharth Virani, Rajendra Phunde, Abhishek Mahajan
BACKGROUND: Total joint arthroplasties of the hip and knee represent a remarkable feat of modern medicine in terms of reducing pain and restoring function to millions of patients afflicted with severe arthritis. Oftentimes, the performance and longevity of new implants and devices are based on limited data. This is the first study by a non-designer on the press fit condylar rotating platform posterior stabilized (PFC-RP-PS) design with 100' success. This has a relevance, vis-á -vis bias that one may have in terms of reproducibility of technique and funding from the manufacturer...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902562/enhancing-themes-and-strengths-assessment-leveraging-academic-led-qualitative-inquiry-in-community-health-assessment-to-uncover-roots-of-community-health-inequities
#7
Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Jennifer K Felner, Yvette Castañeda, Sheri Cohen
CONTEXT: Rigorous qualitative research can enhance local health departments' efforts to gain a deeper insight into residents' perceived community health inequities necessary for productive community health assessments (CHAs) and community health improvement plans (CHIPs). OBJECTIVE: The Chicago Department of Public Health and the Partnership for Healthy Chicago used the National Association of County & City Health Officials' Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) model to conduct its CHA/CHIP, Healthy Chicago 2...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899799/population-health-based-approaches-to-utilizing-digital-technology-a-strategy-for-equity
#8
Garth N Graham, MaryLynn Ostrowski, Alyse B Sabina
Health care disparities and high chronic disease rates burden many communities and disproportionally impact racial/ethnic populations in the United States. These disparities vary geographically, increase health care expenses, and result in shortened lifespans. Digital technologies may be one tool for addressing health disparities and improving population health by increasing individuals' access to health information-especially as most low-income U.S. residents gain access to smartphones. The Aetna Foundation partners with organizations to use digital technologies, including mobile applications, data collection, and related platforms, for learning and sharing...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897759/mobility-decline-in-people-with-intellectual-disabilities
#9
(no author information available yet)
People with intellectual disabilities are living longer and often experience declining mobility. Intellectual disability nurses (RNIDs) can help to ensure services are designed and equipped to meet the needs of this ageing population, writes Sophie Nelson in Learning Disability Practice.
November 16, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894307/regional-health-workforce-monitoring-as-governance-innovation-a-german-model-to-coordinate-sectoral-demand-skill-mix-and-mobility
#10
E Kuhlmann, O Lauxen, C Larsen
BACKGROUND: As health workforce policy is gaining momentum, data sources and monitoring systems have significantly improved in the European Union and internationally. Yet data remain poorly connected to policy-making and implementation and often do not adequately support integrated approaches. This brings the importance of governance and the need for innovation into play. CASE: The present case study introduces a regional health workforce monitor in the German Federal State of Rhineland-Palatinate and seeks to explore the capacity of monitoring to innovate health workforce governance...
November 28, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893380/area-determination-of-diabetic-foot-ulcer-images-using-a-cascaded-two-stage-svm-based-classification
#11
Lei Wang, Peder Pedersen, Emmanuel Agu, Diane Strong, Bengisu Tulu
It is standard practice for clinicians and nurses to primarily assess patients' wounds via visual examination. This subjective method can be inaccurate in wound assessment and also represents a significant clinical workload. Hence, computer-based systems, especially implemented on mobile devices, can provide automatic, quantitative wound assessment and can thus be valuable for accurately monitoring wound healing status. Out of all wound assessment parameters, the measurement of the wound area is the most suitable for automated analysis...
November 23, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891356/attitudes-and-perceptions-of-medical-undergraduates-towards-mobile-learning-m-learning
#12
Rakesh Narayan Patil, Balaji D Almale, Mrunal Patil, Amit Gujrathi, Supriya Dhakne-Palwe, Anuradha R Patil, Shriram Gosavi
INTRODUCTION: Mobile technology is one of the latest extensions of technological innovations that can be integrated into medical education. With the aid of these devices, students learn faster outside the classroom by having quick access to the internet and easy retrieval of required health related learning resources to keep alongside of recent trend and development. In medicine practice one has to continuously update his/her medical knowledge and mobile learning will serve as a tool for self-directed learning...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888324/learning-to-echolocate-in-sighted-people-a-correlational-study-on-attention-working-memory-and-spatial-abilities
#13
M R Ekkel, R van Lier, B Steenbergen
Echolocation can be beneficial for the orientation and mobility of visually impaired people. Research has shown considerable individual differences for acquiring this skill. However, individual characteristics that affect the learning of echolocation are largely unknown. In the present study, we examined individual factors that are likely to affect learning to echolocate: sustained and divided attention, working memory, and spatial abilities. To that aim, sighted participants with normal hearing performed an echolocation task that was adapted from a previously reported size-discrimination task...
November 25, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885108/increasing-our-advocacy-capacity-through-hiv-community-mobilization-perspectives-from-emerging-and-mid-career-professionals
#14
Irene Ovalle, Oralia Loza, David Peralta-Torres, Jacob Martinez, Kristen Hernandez, Holly Mata
In this commentary, six public health practitioners and researchers discuss how their participation in the El Paso HIV Community Mobilization effort has contributed to their professional development and increased their collective capacity to advocate for practice and policy improvements that contribute to health equity in general and within the context of HIV prevention. Like previous commentaries in this department that have highlighted the value of the Certified Health Education Specialist credential (http://www...
November 23, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882520/app-use-in-psychiatric-education-a-medical-student-survey
#15
Cecilia Lau, Venkata Kolli
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to understand and appraise app use by medical students during their clerkships. METHODS: Following Creighton University IRB approval, a voluntary and anonymous paper-based, 15-question survey was distributed to third-year medical students. Data were analyzed using Microsoft Excel. RESULTS: Of 112 medical students available, 76.7% (86) participated in the survey. All participants owned a smartphone or tablet with 84...
November 23, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878535/understanding-adaptive-capacity-and-capacity-to-innovate-in-social-ecological-systems-applying-a-gender-lens
#16
Philippa J Cohen, Sarah Lawless, Michelle Dyer, Miranda Morgan, Enly Saeni, Helen Teioli, Paula Kantor
Development policy increasingly focuses on building capacities to respond to change (adaptation), and to drive change (innovation). Few studies, however, focus specifically on the social and gender differentiation of capacities to adapt and innovate. We address this gap using a qualitative study in three communities in Solomon Islands; a developing country, where rural livelihoods and well-being are tightly tied to agriculture and fisheries. We find the five dimensions of capacity to adapt and to innovate (i...
December 2016: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871220/quiet-eye-training-aids-the-long-term-learning-of-throwing-and-catching-in-children-preliminary-evidence-for-a-predictive-control-strategy
#17
C A L Miles, G Wood, S J Vine, J N Vickers, M R Wilson
Quiet eye training (QET) may be a more effective method for teaching children to catch than traditional training (TT) methods, but it is unclear if the benefits accrued persist in the long term. Thirty children were randomly allocated into a QET or TT group and, while wearing a mobile eye tracker, underwent baseline testing, training and two retention tests over a period of eight weeks, using a validated throw and catch task. During training, movement-related information was provided to both groups, while the QET group received additional instruction to increase the duration of their targeting fixation (QE1) on the wall prior to the throw, and pursuit tracking (QE2) period on the ball prior to catching...
February 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871124/introducing-technology-for-thriving-in-residential-long-term-care
#18
Elisabeth Østensen, Edith Roth Gjevjon, Tone Øderud, Anne Moen
PURPOSE: To present an emerging innovative care model that supports participation and thriving by older adults in residential care, by introduction to new technology and mobilizing volunteer services. DESIGN: Qualitative, exploratory study, introducing tablet computers to 15 older adults in two municipalities. METHODS: The intervention encompassed weekly workshops over the course of 1 year with volunteer adolescents as personal tutors. Observations of workshops, interviews with nurses, and repeated semistructured interviews with older adult participants eliciting their perspective on use, experiences, perceived usefulness, and overall evaluation of the intervention...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871040/mobile-technology-in-clinical-teaching
#19
B J Mackay, J Anderson, T Harding
Technology is having a profound effect on education in the 21st century and nurse educators are being challenged to integrate technological innovation to assist students in their learning. This paper reports a study on the introduction of smart mobile technology to support student learning in the clinical environment. In a climate of collaborative inquiry, clinical lecturers and two researchers from the same department carried out a project in three phases: formation, implementation and analysis. Following the formation phase, six clinical lecturers adopted iPads to support their clinical teaching (implementation phase)...
November 10, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866338/reflections-on-serving-remote-mountain-communities-mobile-hospitals-and-women-s-and-children-s-health-care-in-northern-haiti
#20
Rose-Marie Chierici, Thony Michelet Voltaire
In 2003 Alyans Sante Borgne's (ASB) conducted the first week-long mobile hospital in Molas, a poor mountain community a 10-h walk from the main hospital in the town of Borgne in North Haiti. ASB is a partnership between Haiti Outreach-Pwoje Espwa (H.O.P.E.), a US-based NGO, and Haiti's Ministry of Health. The paper reflects on this first experience and the evolution of an indigenous model of health care delivery, Sante Nan Lakou (SNL)/Health at the Extended Family Level, a model that prioritizes the needs of patients over those of the institution...
November 19, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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