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Mobile learning

Anil Reddy Konduru, Balasaheb R Yelikar, K V Sathyashree, Ankur Kumar
Background: Open source technologies and mobile innovations have radically changed the way people interact with technology. These innovations and advancements have been used across various disciplines and already have a significant impact. Microscopy, with focus on visually appealing contrasting colors for better appreciation of morphology, forms the core of the disciplines such as Pathology, microbiology, and anatomy. Here, learning happens with the aid of multi-head microscopes and digital camera systems for teaching larger groups and in organizing interactive sessions for students or faculty of other departments...
2018: Journal of Pathology Informatics
Carlos Calvo Tapia, Ivan Y Tyukin, Valeri A Makarov
Social learning is widely observed in many species. Less experienced agents copy successful behaviors exhibited by more experienced individuals. Nevertheless, the dynamical mechanisms behind this process remain largely unknown. Here we assume that a complex behavior can be decomposed into a sequence of n motor motifs. Then a neural network capable of activating motor motifs in a given sequence can drive an agent. To account for (n-1)! possible sequences of motifs in a neural network, we employ the winnerless competition approach...
May 2018: Physical Review. E
Amy Nb Johnston, Matthew J Barton, Grant A Williams-Pritchard, Michael Todorovic
Undergraduate nursing programs typically include students with limited 'on-campus' time who need learning resources that are flexible, technologically appropriate, remotely-accessible (mobile smart devices), and above all, engaging. This has presented academics with challenges surrounding institutional security firewalls, password-access requirements, intellectual property/ownership and staff/student privacy. To overcome these challenges a collection of evidence-based YouTube videos, posted on the Biological Sciences YouTube Channel, supported by the Biosciences in Nurse Education, and underpinned by Benner's pedagogical framework, were developed with the intention of moving students from novice to competent clinical bioscience users...
June 9, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
Margaret Smith, Miriam Segura-Totten, Kelly West
The impact of the Internet on education has been recognized for decades, and as technology advances, the ways in which students can access Internet content is ever increasing. Most students have some kind of portable smart device with which they access Internet content without the locational constraints of a desktop computer. This mobility has prompted abundant literature suggesting ways that Quick Response Codes (QR codes), a kind of two dimensional barcode, could be used to advance student learning. However, very few studies have tested the usefulness of QR codes in undergraduate science classes...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Michael Pascoe, Forrest Monroe, Helen Macfarlane
BACKGROUND: Wiki platform use has potential to improve student learning by improving engagement with course material. A student-created wiki was established to serve as a repository of study tools for students in a medical school curriculum. There is a scarcity of information describing student-led creation of wikis in medical education. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to characterize website traffic of a student-created wiki and evaluate student perceptions of usage via a short anonymous online survey...
June 14, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
Elena Bozzola, Giulia Spina, Margherita Ruggiero, Luigi Memo, Rino Agostiniani, Mauro Bozzola, Giovanni Corsello, Alberto Villani
BACKGROUND: Young children are too often exposed to mobile devices (MD) and most of them had their own device. The adverse effects of a early and prolonged exposure to digital technology on pre-school children has been described by several studies. Aim of the study is to analyze the consequences of MD exposure in pre-school children. METHODS: We analyzed the documented effects of media exposure on children's mental and physical health. RESULTS: According to recent studies, MD may interfere with learning, children development, well being, sleep, sight, listening, caregiver-child relationship...
June 14, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Bernhard A Sabel, Jiaqi Wang, Lizbeth Cárdenas-Morales, Muneeb Faiq, Christine Heim
The loss of vision after damage to the retina, optic nerve, or brain has often grave consequences in everyday life such as problems with recognizing faces, reading, or mobility. Because vision loss is considered to be irreversible and often progressive, patients experience continuous mental stress due to worries, anxiety, or fear with secondary consequences such as depression and social isolation. While prolonged mental stress is clearly a consequence of vision loss, it may also aggravate the situation. In fact, continuous stress and elevated cortisol levels negatively impact the eye and brain due to autonomous nervous system (sympathetic) imbalance and vascular dysregulation; hence stress may also be one of the major causes of visual system diseases such as glaucoma and optic neuropathy...
June 2018: EPMA Journal
Rachel Kornfield, Prathusha K Sarma, Dhavan V Shah, Fiona McTavish, Gina Landucci, Klaren Pe-Romashko, David H Gustafson
BACKGROUND: Online discussion forums allow those in addiction recovery to seek help through text-based messages, including when facing triggers to drink or use drugs. Trained staff (or "moderators") may participate within these forums to offer guidance and support when participants are struggling but must expend considerable effort to continually review new content. Demands on moderators limit the scalability of evidence-based digital health interventions. OBJECTIVE: Automated identification of recovery problems could allow moderators to engage in more timely and efficient ways with participants who are struggling...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Antônio Lourenço Severo, Rodrigo Cattani, Filipe Nogueira Schmid, Haiana Lopes Cavalheiro, Deodato Narciso de Castro Neto, Marcelo Barreto de Lemos
Objective: Analyze the percutaneous fixation technique for scaphoid fractures in the waist of the scaphoid and the proximal pole, and demonstrate its result. Methods: A retrospective cross-cohort study conducted from January 2005 to April 2015, aiming at the consolidation time, epidemiological profile, level of function, return to work, and complications. Results: Twenty-eight patients were selected, with a mean of eight weeks of follow-up...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Huan-Yun Yu, Chunying Chang, Fangbai Li, Qi Wang, Manjia Chen, Jie Zhang
Thallium (Tl), a rare metal, is universally present in the environment with high toxicity and accumulation. Thallium's behavior and fate require further study, especially in the Pearl River Delta (PRD), where severe Tl pollution incidents have occurred. One hundred two pairs of soil and flowering cabbage samples and 91 pairs of soil and lettuce samples were collected from typical farmland protection areas and vegetable bases across the PRD, South China. The contamination levels and spatial distributions of soil and vegetable (flowering cabbages and lettuces) Tl across the PRD were investigated...
June 8, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Robert S H Istepanian, Turki Al-Anzi
Mobile health (m-Health) has been repeatedly called the biggest technological breakthrough of our modern times. Similarly, the concept of big data in the context of healthcare is considered one of the transformative drivers for intelligent healthcare delivery systems. In recent years, big data has become increasingly synonymous with mobile health, however key challenges of 'Big Data and mobile health', remain largely untackled. This is becoming particularly important with the continued deluge of the structured and unstructured data sets generated on daily basis from the proliferation of mobile health applications within different healthcare systems and products globally...
June 8, 2018: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
Eric Pierce, Renato Rapada, Penelope Anne Herder, Anthony J LaPorta, Tuan N Hoang, Mathew Pena, Jeff Blankenship, Jeff Kiser, Sarah Ashley Catlin
BACKGROUND: The US Navy initiated design concepts for a Medical Mission Module Support Container (M3SC), a mobile operating room capable of rapid installation aboard maneuverable ships within proximity of active combat units. The M3SC provides an alternative echelon of care in the current trauma system by decreasing the time between point of injury, arrival, and surgical intervention. The mobile ships used as M3SC platforms, however, are more susceptible to oceanic conditions that can induce detrimental physiologic motion sickness in medical personnel and patients aboard the vessels...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Margaret A Nosek, Susan Robinson-Whelen, Tracey A Ledoux, Rosemary B Hughes, Daniel P O'Connor, Rebecca E Lee, Rebecca Goe, Stephanie L Silveira, Rachel Markley, Thomas M Nosek
OBJECTIVE: Pilot test GoWoman, a small-group weight management intervention for mobility impaired women that was a disability- and gender-responsive adaptation of the Diabetes Prevention Program delivered in the online virtual world of Second Life® . Objectives were to (1) examine pre-/post-intervention differences in weight, waist circumference, diet, physical activity, self-efficacy for diet and physical activity, nutrition knowledge and social support for weight management, (2) determine intervention feasibility (fidelity, attrition, engagement, acceptability)...
June 11, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Christine M Lee, Isaac C Rhew, Megan E Patrick, Anne M Fairlie, Jessica M Cronce, Mary E Larimer, Jennifer M Cadigan, Barbara C Leigh
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to examine daily-level associations between alcohol-related consequences and next-day expectancies and alcohol use among frequently drinking college students using a measurement-burst daily diary study. METHOD: College students (N = 327; mean age = 19.7 years, SD = 1.26; 53.4% female) participated in a yearlong study in which they completed computerized interviews daily via mobile phones for 2 weeks in each academic quarter...
May 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Akane Sano, Sara Taylor, Andrew W McHill, Andrew Jk Phillips, Laura K Barger, Elizabeth Klerman, Rosalind Picard
BACKGROUND: Wearable and mobile devices that capture multimodal data have the potential to identify risk factors for high stress and poor mental health and to provide information to improve health and well-being. OBJECTIVE: We developed new tools that provide objective physiological and behavioral measures using wearable sensors and mobile phones, together with methods that improve their data integrity. The aim of this study was to examine, using machine learning, how accurately these measures could identify conditions of self-reported high stress and poor mental health and which of the underlying modalities and measures were most accurate in identifying those conditions...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
April B Scott, Rebecca G Reed, Natasha E Garcia-Willingham, Karen A Lawrence, Suzanne C Segerstrom
Objectives: Early socioeconomic status (SES) correlates with later-life cognition. However, the effect of socioeconomic context (SEC), which reflects influences from broader ecological contexts, has not been examined. The present study developed a measure of SEC using lifetime residential addresses and examined SEC and residential mobility effects on later-life cognition. Method: Older adults (N=117, Mage=75) reported addresses since birth. Latent SEC was constructed from census income, employment, and education (1920-2010) for each county and census year, extrapolated between census years...
June 6, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
X Hu, P-Y S Hsueh, C-H Chen, K M Diaz, F E Parsons, I Ensari, M Qian, Y-K K Cheung
An increasing number of people use mobile devices to monitor their behavior, such as exercise, and record their health status, such as psychological stress. However, these devices rarely provide ongoing support to help users understand how their behavior contributes to changes in their health status. To address this challenge, we aim to develop an interpretable policy for physical activity recommendations that reduce a user's perceived psychological stress, over a given time horizon. We formulate this problem as a sequential decision-making problem and solve it using a new method that we refer to as threshold Q-learning (TQL)...
January 2018: IBM Journal of Research and Development
Amy M Bauer, Sarah Hodsdon, Jared M Bechtel, John C Fortney
BACKGROUND: Despite a proliferation of patient-facing mobile apps for mental disorders, there is little literature guiding efforts to incorporate mobile tools into clinical care delivery and integrate patient-generated data into care processes for patients with complex psychiatric disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to seek to gain an understanding of how to incorporate a patient-provider mobile health (mHealth) platform to support the delivery of integrated primary care-based mental health services (Collaborative Care) to rural patients with posttraumatic stress disorder and/or bipolar disorder...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Ashenafi Zebene Woldaregay, David-Zacharie Issom, André Henriksen, Henna Marttila, Martin Mikalsen, Gerit Pfuhl, Keiichi Sato, Christian Lovis, Gunnar Hartvigsen
The widespread adoption of smartphones creates an enormous potential to improve healthcare services. Numerous apps, sensors, and devices are developed for health self-management purposes. However, adoption rates remain low and long-term user engagement is a major issue. The goal of this study is to identify major motivational factors that can facilitate prolonged use of mobile health systems. To this end, we conducted 16 interviews with representatives of various cultural backgrounds, disease history, age, and gender...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Alberto Mangano, Federico Gheza, Roberto Bustos, Mario Masrur, Francesco Bianco, Eduardo Fernandes, Valentina Valle, Pier C Giulianotti
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) approaches have produces relevant advancements in the pre/intra/post-operative outcomes. The conventional laparoscopic approach presents similar oncological results in comparison to laparotomic approaches. Despite these evidences, a considerable part of the colorectal operations are still being performed in an open way. This is in part because traditional laparoscopy may have some hurdles and a long learning curve to reach mastery. The robotic technology may help in increasing the MIS penetrance in colorectal surgery...
May 31, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
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