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Lilong Pan, Qunfang Chen, Tao Guo, Xinru Wang, Ping Li, Xiaowei Wang, Shusheng Liu
Begomoviruses are important crop viral disease agents, and they are transmitted by whiteflies of the Bemisia tabaci complex. Although the transmission of begomoviruses by whiteflies has been studied for many years, the mechanisms governing differential transmission of begomoviruses by different species of the Bemisia tabaci complex remain largely unknown. Here we firstly compared the transmission efficiency of tobacco curly shoot virus (TbCSV) by four species of the B. tabaci complex and found that Asia II 1 transmitted this virus with the highest efficiency, whereas MEAM1 transmitted it with the lowest...
May 18, 2018: Science China. Life Sciences
Jinlei Dong, Hnin Ei Thu, Mohammed A S Abourehab, Zahid Hussain
Osteoporosis is a medical condition of fragile bones with an increased susceptibility to bone fracture. Despite having availability of a wide range of pharmacological agents, prevalence of this metabolic disorder is continuously escalating. Owing to excellent biomedical achievements of nanomedicines in the last few decades, we aimed combo delivery of bone anti-resorptive agent, alendronate (ALN), and bone density enhancing drug, curcumin (CUR), in the form of polymeric nanoparticles. To further optimize the therapeutic efficacy, the prepared ALN/CUR nanoparticles were decorated with hyaluronic acid which is a well-documented biomacromolecule having exceptional bone regenerating potential...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Jing-Bo Hu, Shu-Juan Li, Xu-Qi Kang, Jing Qi, Jia-Hui Wu, Xiao-Juan Wang, Xiao-Ling Xu, Xiao-Ying Ying, Sai-Ping Jiang, Jian You, Yong-Zhong Du
Based on the abnormally increased expression of CD44 receptors on renal tubule epithelial cells during ischemia/reperfusion-induced acute kidney injury (AKI), we developed a hyaluronic acid-curcumin (HA-CUR) polymeric prodrug targeting to epithelial cells and then relieving oxidative stress damages. The water solubility of HA-CUR was significantly enhanced and approximately 27-fold higher than that of CUR. Cellular uptake test showed HA-CUR was preferably internalized by H2 O2 -pretreated tubular epithelial (HK-2) cells compared with free CUR benefiting from the specific binding between HA and CD44 receptors...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Liucan Wang, Haidi Guan, Zhenqiang Wang, Yuxin Xing, Jixi Zhang, Kaiyong Cai
Combination chemotherapy with a modulator and a chemotherapeutic drug has become one of the most promising strategies for the treatment of multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer therapy. However, the development of nanocarriers with a high payload and sequential release of therapeutic agents poses a significant challenge. In this work, we report a type of hybrid nanocarriers prepared by polydopamine (PDA) mediated integration of the mesoporous MSN core and the microporous zeolite imidazolate frameworks-8 (ZIF-8) shell...
May 16, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Yun-Jing Zhao, Hong-Wei Ma
Both children (one boy and one girl) experienced disease onset in infancy and visited the hospital due to growth retardation. They had unusual facies including thick hair, arched and confluent eyebrows, long and curly eyelashes, short nose, and micrognathia. Patient 1 had congenital heart disease (atrial septal defect and pulmonary stenosis) and special dermatoglyph (a single palmar crease). Patient 2 had cleft palate and moderate-to-severe deafness. Clinical features suggested Cornelia de Lange syndrome in both children...
May 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Tao Zhou, Ning Li, Yulin Jin, Qifan Zeng, Wendy Prabowo, Yang Liu, Changxu Tian, Lisui Bao, Shikai Liu, Zihao Yuan, Qiang Fu, Sen Gao, Dongya Gao, Rex Dunham, Neil H Shubin, Zhanjiang Liu
Barbels are important sensory organs in teleosts, reptiles, and amphibians. The majority of ∼4,000 catfish species, such as the channel catfish ( Ictalurus punctatus ), possess abundant whisker-like barbels. However, barbel-less catfish, such as the bottlenose catfish ( Ageneiosus marmoratus ), do exist. Barbeled catfish and barbel-less catfish are ideal natural models for determination of the genomic basis for barbel development. In this work, we generated and annotated the genome sequences of the bottlenose catfish, conducted comparative and subtractive analyses using genome and transcriptome datasets, and identified differentially expressed genes during barbel regeneration...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Myrna Hurtado, Umesh T Sankpal, Amalendu Ranjan, Rajasekhar Maram, Jamboor K Vishwanatha, Ganji Purnachandra Nagaraju, Bassel F El-Rayes, Riyaz Basha
Pancreatic cancer (PC) continues to be a fatal malignancy. With standard treatments having modest impact, alternative courses of actions are being investigated such as enhancing the efficacy of standard treatment through sensitization of PC cells to chemotherapy or radiation. This review emphasizes investigational agents that increase the responses to chemotherapy or radiation in PC models. Our group has extensively investigated on Curcumin (Cur), analogs (EF31, UBS109, and L49H37), nanoparticles and a small molecule Tolfenamic acid (TA) for enhancing therapeutic efficacy in both in vitro and in vivo assays...
June 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
Yufang Liu, Jibin Zhang, Qiao Xu, Xiaolong Kang, Kejun Wang, Keliang Wu, Meiying Fang
BACKGROUND: Tan sheep is an indigenous Chinese breed well known for its beautiful curly fleece. One prominent breed characteristic of this sheep breed is that the degree of curliness differs markedly between lambs and adults, but the molecular mechanisms regulating the shift are still not well understood. In this study, we identified 49 differentially expressed (DE) microRNAs (miRNAs) between Tan sheep at the two stages through miRNA-seq, and combined the data with that in our earlier Suppression Subtractive Hybridization cDNA (SSH) library study to elucidate the mechanisms underlying curly fleece formation...
May 11, 2018: BMC Genomics
Qiubing Chen, Shuangquan Gou, Yamei Huang, Xin Zhou, Qian Li, Moon Kwon Han, Yuejun Kang, Bo Xiao
Oral microparticles (MPs) have been considered as promising drug carriers in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC). Here, a facile strategy based on a conventional emulsion-solvent evaporation technique was used to fabricate bowl-shaped MPs (BMPs), and these MPs loaded with anti-inflammatory drug (curcumin, CUR) during the fabrication process. The physicochemical properties of the resultant BMPs were characterized by dynamic light scattering, scanning electron microscope, confocal laser scanning microscope and X-ray diffraction as well as contact angle goniometer...
May 5, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Ting Wang, Jianping Qi, Ning Ding, Xiaochun Dong, Weili Zhao, Yi Lu, Changhong Wang, Wei Wu
Nanocrystals hold great potential as parenteral delivery carrier systems for poorly water-soluble drugs. Elucidation of the in vivo fate of parenteral nanocrystals is of pharmacological, toxicological and mechanistic significance. However, it is of tremendous difficulty to monitor real-time translocation of nanocrystals in vivo owing to progressive dissolution of nanocrystals and a lack of workable tools to probe nanocrystals. In this study, self-discriminating hybrid nanocrystals (SDHNs) of a model drug curcumin (CUR) were developed by embedding traces of environment-responsive fluorescent dyes into the crystalline lattices of CUR...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Marzena Wojcik, Michal Krawczyk, Pawel Wojcik, Katarzyna Cypryk, Lucyna Alicja Wozniak
The growing prevalence of age-related diseases, especially type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cancer, has become global health and economic problems. Due to multifactorial nature of both diseases, their pathophysiology is not completely understood so far. Compelling evidence indicates that increased oxidative stress, resulting from an imbalance between production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and their clearance by antioxidant defense mechanisms, as well as the proinflammatory state contributes to the development and progression of the diseases...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Michael L Logan, John David Curlis, Anthony L Gilbert, Donald B Miles, Albert K Chung, Joel W McGlothlin, Robert M Cox
Ectothermic species are particularly sensitive to changes in temperature and may adapt to changes in thermal environments through evolutionary shifts in thermal physiology or thermoregulatory behaviour. Nevertheless, the heritability of thermal traits, which sets a limit on evolutionary potential, remains largely unexplored. In this study, we captured brown anole lizards ( Anolis sagrei ) from two populations that occur in contrasting thermal environments. We raised offspring from these populations in a laboratory common garden and compared the shape of their thermal performance curves to test for genetic divergence in thermal physiology...
May 16, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Narges Abdali, Farhan Younas, Samaneh Mafakheri, Karunakar R Pothula, Ulrich Kleinekathöfer, Andreas Tauch, Roland Benz
BACKGROUND: Corynebacterium urealyticum, a pathogenic, multidrug resistant member of the mycolata, is known as causative agent of urinary tract infections although it is a bacterium of the skin flora. This pathogenic bacterium shares with the mycolata the property of having an unusual cell envelope composition and architecture, typical for the genus Corynebacterium. The cell wall of members of the mycolata contains channel-forming proteins for the uptake of solutes. RESULTS: In this study, we provide novel information on the identification and characterization of a pore-forming protein in the cell wall of C...
May 9, 2018: BMC Biochemistry
Salma A Lajhar, Jeremy Brownlie, Robert Barlow
BACKGROUND: The formation of biofilms and subsequent encasement of bacterial cells in a complex matrix can enhance resistance to antimicrobials and sterilizing agents making these organisms difficult to eradicate and control. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the capacity of 40 E. coli O26 isolates of enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC, n = 27), potential EHEC (pEHEC, n = 3), atypical enteropathogenic E. coli (aEPEC, n = 8) and non-toxigenic E. coli (NTEC, n = 2) from human and cattle sources to form biofilms on different surfaces, and determine whether extracellular matrix (ECM) components (cellulose, curli), motility, prophage insertion in mlrA and cell surface hydrophobicity could influence biofilm formation...
May 8, 2018: BMC Microbiology
Zi-Ling Li, Sheng-Feng Peng, Xing Chen, Yu-Qing Zhu, Li-Qiang Zou, Wei Liu, Cheng-Mei Liu
The present work evaluated the feasibility of different pluronics (F127, F87 and P85) utilized as modifiers to improve the stability and bioaccessibility of curcumin liposomes (cur-Lps). Pluronics modified curcumin liposomes (cur-pluronic-Lps) were prepared by thin film evaporation combined with dynamic high pressure microfluidization. The particle size and polydispersity index of cur-pluronic-Lps was significantly lower than cur-Lps. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis revealed that curcumin was loaded in liposomes successfully and X-ray diffraction suggested that curcumin in the liposomes was in an amorphous state...
June 2018: Food Research International
Himanshu Bhatt, Sri Vishnu Kiran Rompicharla, Neeraja Komanduri, Aashma Shah, Sateja Paradkar, Balaram Ghosh, Swati Biswas
BACKGROUND: Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) represent an affordable, easily scalable, stable and biocompatible drug delivery system with a high drug to lipid ratio which also improves solubility of poorly soluble drugs. OBJECTIVE: SLNs were developed by using glyceryl monostearate as the single lipid in presence of surfactant Poloxamer 188 and evaluated the efficiency of the SLNs to load the therapeutic cargo, curcumin (CUR). METHOD: The nano-formulation was optimized by Quality by Design approach to understand the effect of various process parameters on various quality attributes, including drug loadability, particle size and polydispersity...
May 3, 2018: Current Drug Delivery
Yao Cheng, Pengxuan Zhao, Shuangping Wu, Tan Yang, Yan Chen, Xiaojuan Zhang, Chuanchuan He, Chao Zheng, Kelin Li, Xiang Ma, Guangya Xiang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) continues to be a leading cause of cancer related death in the world. Conventional chemotherapeutic agents such as cisplatin (CDDP) have an unsatisfactory efficacy on HCC due to the poor response, severe toxicity and drug resistance. Curcumin (CUR) could improve the chemosensitivity of HCC to chemotherapy drugs by regulating a variety of signaling pathways. Herein, we describe a combination strategy using co-loaded liposomes to effectively deliver and release CDDP and curcumin (CUR) to HCC for overcoming the unsatisfactory clinical outcome of CDDP monotherapy...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Amita Daverey, Sandeep K Agrawal
The two most studied polyphenolic compounds, curcumin (Cur) and resveratrol (Res), have been reported to protect oxidative damage of astrocytes. The present study is designed to examine the comparative anti-oxidative effect of Cur and Res on astrocytes by studying their potential to protect H2 O2 induced oxidative stress at 4h and 24h time exposure. The effect of Cur and Res on cell viability, ROS production, inflammation and astrogliosis was compared. The effect of these two on Nrf2 expression and its translocation to nuclear compartment was investigated...
May 2, 2018: Brain Research
Edzard Hangen, Stefan Gonser, Jutta Köhler
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzo-furans (PCDD/Fs) belong to the most toxic persistent organic environmental pollutants. Therefore, knowledge about their fate along the exposure path is of special concern. In order to comprehend the transfer of PCDD/Fs across different environmental compartments, PCDD/F concentrations in plants and in soil were evaluated. Pairs of soil and plant samples were selected according to the shortest distance between sampling points. At 15 sites PCDD/F concentrations in spruce needles and in forest humus layers where compared...
August 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Li Ming Lim, The-Thien Tran, Jerome Jie Long Wong, Danping Wang, Wean Sin Cheow, Kunn Hadinoto
The low aqueous solubility of curcumin (CUR) had greatly limited the clinical efficacy of CUR therapy despite its well-known potent therapeutic activities. Previously, we developed amorphous nanoparticle complex (nanoplex) of CUR and chitosan (CHI) as a solubility enhancement strategy of CUR by electrostatically-driven drug-polyelectrolyte complexation. The CUR-CHI nanoplex, however, (1) lacked a built-in ability to produce prolonged high apparent solubility of CUR in the absence of crystallization-inhibiting agents, and (2) exhibited poor physical stability during long-term storage...
April 27, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
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