keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ascite

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666076/histoplasma-meets-crohn-s-disease-a-rare-case-of-new-onset-ascites
#1
Charles Robert Bosshardt, John Gnann, Nilesh Lodhia
A 53-year-old man with Crohn's disease treated with adalimumab was hospitalised with abdominal pain, fatigue, fever and chills. CT scan of the abdomen showed chronic thickening of the terminal ileum and cecum and new-onset ascites. Further studies revealed weakly positive urine and serum histoplasma antigen. Laparoscopy revealed metastatic caking of the omentum and abdominal wall; peritoneal biopsy demonstrated organisms morphologically consistent with Histoplasma capsulatum No dissemination outside of the peritoneal cavity was evident...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665849/an-innovative-immunotherapeutic-strategy-for-ovarian-cancer-clec10a-and-glycomimetic-peptides
#2
Laura L Eggink, Katherine F Roby, Robert Cote, J Kenneth Hoober
BACKGROUND: Receptors specific for the sugar N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) include the human type II, C-type lectin receptor macrophage galactose-type lectin/C-type lectin receptor family member 10A (MGL/CLEC10A/CD301) that is expressed prominently by human peripheral immature dendritic cells, dendritic cells in the skin, alternatively-activated (M2a) macrophages, and to lesser extents by several other types of tissues. CLEC10A is an endocytic receptor on antigen-presenting cells and has been proposed to play an important role in maturation of dendritic cells and initiation of an immune response...
April 17, 2018: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664840/malignant-ascites-validation-of-a-novel-ascites-symptom-mini-scale-for-use-in-patients-with-ovarian-cancer
#3
Ram Eitan, Oded Raban, Daliah Tsoref, Ariella Jakobson-Setton, Gad Sabah, Lina Salman, Effi Yeoshua, Avi Ben-Haroush
BACKGROUND: Ascites is a common finding in patients with ovarian cancer. Paracentesis is a relatively simple, safe, and effective procedure for draining fluid from the peritoneum, but valid quality-of-life tools are needed to determine its subjective value for alleviating symptoms and improving patient quality of life. The objective of this study was to prospectively evaluate the performance of a novel Ascites Symptom Mini-Scale (ASmS) and compare it with a previously available questionnaire...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663640/choroid-plexus-hyperplasia-and-chromosome-9p-gains
#4
Martin Boxill, Naja Becher, Lone Sunde, Thomas Thelle
Choroid plexus hyperplasia leading to communicating hydrocephalus is a rare disorder with only 24 patients reported so far in the literature. Furthermore, genetic information is only available for six of these cases: In one patient the condition was associated with trisomy 9p, in one patient with trisomy 9 mosaicism and in three patients with tetrasomy 9p. Here, we describe four additional patients with choroid plexus hyperplasia leading to various levels of hydrocephalus, and gain of the entire chromosome 9p region: Three with trisomy 9p and one with tetrasomy 9p...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662625/adam17-inhibition-enhances-platinum-efficiency-in-ovarian-cancer
#5
Nina Hedemann, Christoph Rogmans, Susanne Sebens, Daniela Wesch, Manuel Reichert, Dirk Schmidt-Arras, Hans-Heinrich Oberg, Ulrich Pecks, Marion van Mackelenbergh, Jörg Weimer, Norbert Arnold, Nicolai Maass, Dirk O Bauerschlag
Chemotherapeutic resistance evolves in about 70 % of ovarian cancer patients and is a major cause of death in this tumor entity. Novel approaches to overcome these therapeutic limitations are therefore highly warranted. A disintegrin and metalloprotease 17 (ADAM17) is highly expressed in ovarian cancer and required for releasing epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ligands like amphiregulin (AREG). This factor has recently been detected in ascites of advanced stage ovarian cancer patients. However, it is not well understood, whether and how ADAM17 might contribute to chemo resistance of ovarian cancer...
March 23, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662319/clinicopathological-characteristics-and-prognostic-value-of-the-cancer-stem-cell-marker-aldh1-in-ovarian-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#6
Wenge Zhao, Chuanxin Zang, Tingting Zhang, Jia Li, Ruijuan Liu, Fubin Feng, Qingliang Lv, Liang Zheng, Jinhui Tian, Changgang Sun
Background: The clinicopathological and prognostic values of the cancer stem cell marker aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) in ovarian cancer (OC) remain unknown. The aim of our meta-analysis was to evaluate ALDH1's association with clinicopathological characteristics and its prognostic significance in patients with OC. Materials and methods: PubMed, Embase, and China Biology Medicine were systematically searched for eligible studies (up to October 2017). Pooled odds ratios (ORs) or hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% CIs were used to evaluate the association of ALDH1 expression with clinicopathological features and survival outcomes...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661461/urgent-living-donor-liver-transplantation-in-a-patient-with-concurrent-active-tuberculosis-a-case-report
#7
B-H Jung, J-I Park, S-G Lee
BACKGROUND: Although active tuberculosis (TB) is considered a contraindication for liver transplantation (LT), this is the only treatment in patients with liver failure and concurrent active TB. We report a case with successful urgent living-donor LT for irreversible liver failure in the presence of active TB. CASE PRESENTATION: A 48-year-old man, with a history of decompensated alcoholic liver cirrhosis, was presented with stupor. At admission, his consciousness had deteriorated to semi-coma, and his renal function also rapidly deteriorated to hepatorenal syndrome...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661430/access-to-liver-transplantation-in-different-abo-blood-groups-and-exceptions-points-in-a-model-for-end-stage-liver-disease-allocation-system-a-brazilian-single-center-study
#8
R B Martino, D R Waisberg, A P M Dias, V B S Inoue, R M Arantes, L B P Haddad, V Rocha-Santos, R S N Pinheiro, L S Nacif, L A C D'Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: In the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) system, patients with "MELD exceptions" points may have unfair privilege in the competition for liver grafts. Furthermore, organ distribution following identical ABO blood types may also result in unjust organ allocation. The aim of this study was to investigate access to liver transplantation in a tertiary Brazilian center, regarding "MELD exceptions" situations and among ABO-blood groups. METHODS: A total of 465 adult patients on the liver waitlist from August 2015 to August 2016 were followed up until August 2017...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658839/comparison-of-emergency-cholecystectomy-with-delayed-cholecystectomy-after-percutaneous-transhepatic-gallbladder-drainage-in-patients-with-moderate-acute-cholecystitis
#9
Chang-Wei Ke, Shuo-Dong Wu
INTRODUCTION: Patients with moderate (grade II) acute cholecystitis patients, as defined by the 2013 Tokyo Guidelines, were retrospectively compared with respect to emergency cholecystectomy (EC) and delayed cholecystectomy (DC) after percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) to determine the better treatment strategy. METHODS: Forty-nine of 103 patients with PTGBD and 47 of 54 patients with EC were assessed for eligibility from January 2013 to January 2017...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658768/idiopathic-portal-hypertension-with-regard-to-thiopurine-treatment
#10
Salvador Machlab, Mireia Miquel, Mercedes Vergara
Idiopathic portal hypertension (IPH) is an infrequent adverse reaction to the use of thiopurines that tends to be overlooked. Herein, we present a patient with ileocolic Crohn's disease treated with azathioprine who presented ascites, esophageal varices and splenomegaly without any signs of liver cirrhosis. A portal hemodynamics study revealed a normal portosystemic gradient compatible with presinusoidal portal hypertension. Finally, IPH was diagnosed after a liver biopsy. IPH secondary to thiopurines is due to a 6-thioguanine nucleotide (6-TGN)-dependent reaction and occurs predominantly between three months and three years after the start of treatment...
April 16, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657689/successful-management-of-abdominal-pregnancy-two-case-reports
#11
Shabnam Saquib, Wafa Elhussein Mohammed Talha
Abdominal pregnancy is a rare, life-threatening condition defined as pregnancy in the peritoneal cavity exclusive of tubal, ovarian, or intraligamentary locations. It can be primarily located in the peritoneal cavity or secondary to a ruptured ectopic pregnancy or tubal abortion. We present two cases of abdominal pregnancy, one primary and another secondary, both diagnosed and successfully managed in our institution. The first patient, a para 2 at 14 weeks gestation, presented with abdominal pain, distension, and dizziness, which had started four days prior...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657612/deal-a-death-blow-hcc-in-cirrhotics-thrombotic-complications-their-frequency-characteristics-and-risk-factors
#12
Khalid Mahmood, Iftikhar Haider Naqvi, Aamer Mahmood, Syed Muhammad, Noor Muhammad
Introduction: The hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), being the commonest primary cancer, holds the sixth slot in the list of common cancers worldwide. Thrombotic complications in the form of portal vein tumour thrombosis (PVTT) and bland portal vein thrombosis with HCC are common with a bad prognosis. Aim: The study aims to determine the demographic, clinical, and biochemical parameters of HCC patients. The study also compares the clinical and biochemical parameters among patients having HCC with and without thrombotic complication...
2018: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657506/-in-vivo-evaluation-of-the-anticancer-activity-of-the-gemcitabine-and-doxorubicin-combined-in-a-nanoemulsion
#13
Mayson H Alkhatib, Wafa S Alshehri, Faiza B Abdu
Context: Doxorubicin (DOX) and gemcitabine (GEM) are anticancer drugs that were combined in a nanoemulsion (NE) to reduce their adverse side effects. Aim: To detect the antitumor activity of the combination formulas of GEM and DOX, loaded either in water (GEM+DOX-Sol) or in NEs (GEM-DOX combination/loaded NE [GEM+DOX/LNE]), in female Swiss albino mice inoculated with Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC). Settings and Design: The anticancer assessment of the NE formulas was implemented in 200 mice, which were divided into 10 groups...
January 2018: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657313/curcumin-attenuates-inflammation-in-a-severe-acute-pancreatitis-animal-model-by-regulating-traf1-ask1-signaling
#14
Shuo Yu, Min Wang, Xingjun Guo, Renyi Qin
BACKGROUND Inflammation plays an important role in initiation and development of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). Curcumin exerts potent anti-inflammatory effects in many diseases, including acute pancreatitis. However, the specific molecular mechanisms are not clear. MATERIAL AND METHODS Intra-biliopancreatic duct injection of taurocholate was used to establish an animal model of SAP. Curcumin was administrated to animals as pre-treatments. Concentrations of cytokines in serum and ascites were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
April 16, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655999/ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-leading-to-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-malfunction-case-report
#15
Amit Azriel, Benjamin Fleming, Uri P Dior, Samuel Moscovici, Yuval Sufaro, Mohammed Awad, Kate Drummond
Ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) insertion is a common neurosurgical procedure for hydrocephalus. Unfortunately, VPS malfunction is not uncommon, with an estimated cumulative rate of 32% at 5 years. As flow through the shunt is influenced by the pressure gradient between the ventricles and the peritoneal cavity, malfunction may be caused by elevated intra-abdominal pressure. We present a rare patient with ascites following ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) leading to shunt malfunction. OHSS is a potentially life-threatening complication of controlled ovarian stimulation caused by the administration of exogenous gonadotropins...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655525/predictive-value-of-liver-damage-for-severe-early-complications-and-survival-after-heart-transplantation-a-retrospective-analysis
#16
Pascal Lebray, Shaida Varnous, Alina Pascale, Philippe Leger, Charles Edouard Luyt, Vlad Ratziu, Mona Munteanu, Salima Ould Amar, Dominique Thabut, Jean Chastre, Alain Pavie, Thierry Poynard, Pascal Leprince
BACKGROUND: Hepatic dysfunction is often associated with advanced heart failure. Its impact on complications following heart transplantation is not well known. We studied the influence of preoperative hepatic dysfunction on the results of heart transplantation with a specific priority access for critical patients. METHODS: Consecutive heart transplantation patients were retrospectively analyzed at listing to detect predictive factors for early complications and survival following heart transplantation...
April 11, 2018: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651173/in-vitro-anticancer-activity-of-staphyloxanthin-pigment-extracted-from-staphylococcus-gallinarum-kx912244-a-gut-microbe-of-bombyx-mori
#17
Delicia Avilla Barretto, Shyam Kumar Vootla
The present study reports the in vitro biological nature of the pigment produced by Staphylococcus gallinarum KX912244, isolated as the gut microflora bacterium of the insect Bombyx mori . The purified pigment was characterized as Staphyloxanthin based on bio-physical characterization techniques like Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, high performance liquid chromatography, Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1 H NMR), Liquid chromatography-Mass spectroscopy and Gas chromatography-Mass spectroscopy...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650942/-a-case-of-successful-management-of-postoperative-chylous-ascites-by-combination-therapy-with-octreotide-and-etilefrine
#18
Chikato Koga, Masahiro Murakami, Junzo Shimizu, Akinobu Yasuyama, Tae Matsumura, Akihiro Takata, Chizu Kameda, Ryohei Kawabata, Masaki Hirota, Shingo Noura, Junichi Hasegawa
We have report a case of an 81-year-old woman who underwent distal pancreatectomy for pancreatic body cancer. Chy- lous ascites with high triglyceride(TG)level, 201mg/dL, occurred on postoperative day 2. Continuous drainage and conservative management, such as low fat diet, fasting, total parental nutrition, and octreotide monotherapy, could not resolve the problem. Successful treatment was achieved using subcutaneous octreotide injection and intravenous etilefrine infusion without any adverse side-effect. These medications were able to cause smooth muscle contraction in the thoracic duct, and also to reduce chyle flow...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650939/-a-case-of-successful-treatment-with-gemcitabine-plus-nab-paclitaxel-therapy-for-nonresected-pancreatic-body-cancer-stage-ivb
#19
Jun Kaneko, Ayako Kamiya, Kenta Kobayashi, Yasushi Takatsuno, Ito Kondoh, Kentaro Maejima, Jun Isogai, Kumi Hasegawa, Takeshi Endo, Shizuaki Maejima
A 61-year-old woman was introduced for consultation with a chief complaint of frequent vomiting. CT revealed a pancreatic body cancer approximately 40mm in size; an invading stenosis from the horizontal part of the duodenum to the jejunum, superior mesenteric artery, and portal vein, splenic vein obstruction, lymphadenopathy, and some ascitic fluid. We diagnosed a passage disorder due to the invasive stenosis from the horizontal part of the duodenum of the pancreatic body cancer to the jejunum, and subsequently performed a duodenum and jejunum bypass operation...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650858/-a-case-of-unresectable-advanced-gastric-cancer-treated-by-seven-courses-of-chemotherapy-with-docetaxel-cisplatin-and-s-1followed-by-conversion-surgery-achieved-five-year-relapse-free-survival
#20
Tetsushi Nakajima, Haruhiko Cho, Yoichiro Okubo, Kazuki Kano, Yukio Maezawa, Kousuke Ikeda, Takanobu Yamada, Takashi Ogata, Takaki Yoshikawa
The patient is a 51-year-old man.Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed gigantic type 3 gastric cancer.Enhanced abdominal CT demonstrated a gigantic mass of 15×7 cm in the stomach, and a large number of peritoneal dissemination with moderate amount of ascites.The patient was diagnosed with cT4aN3bM1(peritoneal dissemination), Stage IV gastric cancer(JPN ver8)and was treated by chemotherapy with docetaxel(40mg/m / 2 day 1)plus cisplatin(60mg/m2 day 1)plus S-1(80mg/m2 day 1-14).After 7 courses of chemotherapy, peritoneal dissemination was disappeared...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
keyword
keyword
17767
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"