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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227979/dispersion-entropy-for-the-analysis-of-resting-state-meg-regularity-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#1
Hamed Azami, Mostafa Rostaghi, Alberto Fernandez, Javier Escudero, Hamed Azami, Mostafa Rostaghi, Alberto Fernandez, Javier Escudero, Alberto Fernandez, Javier Escudero, Mostafa Rostaghi, Hamed Azami
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive degenerative brain disorder affecting memory, thinking, behaviour and emotion. It is the most common form of dementia and a big social problem in western societies. The analysis of brain activity may help to diagnose this disease. Changes in entropy methods have been reported useful in research studies to characterize AD. We have recently proposed dispersion entropy (DisEn) as a very fast and powerful tool to quantify the irregularity of time series. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the ability of DisEn, in comparison with fuzzy entropy (FuzEn), sample entropy (SampEn), and permutation entropy (PerEn), to discriminate 36 AD patients from 26 elderly control subjects using resting-state magnetoencephalogram (MEG) signals...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227472/social-norms-of-good-design-interdisciplinary-perspectives-from-a-survey-of-engineers-and-clinicians-in-bioengineering
#2
Angela N Johnson, Angela N Johnson, Angela N Johnson
In bioengineering training for new researchers and engineers, a great deal of time is spent discussing what constitutes "good" design. Conceptualization of good design, however, varies widely across interdisciplinary team members, with potential to both foster innovation or lead to unproductive conflict. To explore how groups central to bioengineering teams (physicians/clinicians and engineers/physicists) conceptualize good design, we asked 176 professionals in bioengineering to complete a comprehensive online survey including items designed to assess cognitive and moral foundations (validated MFQ30 tool) and custom items assessing perceptions on good design in three areas (good design characteristics, reputation of design approvers, and perceived design patient/consumer suitability)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226595/response-conflict-processes-classification-in-7-and-9-year-old-children-using-eeg-brain-connectivity-measures
#3
T Almabruk, K Iyer, S Girdler, M M Khan, T Tan, T Almabruk, K Iyer, S Girdler, M M Khan, T Tan, S Girdler, M M Khan, T Tan, T Almabruk
Investigating cognitive development of children poses interesting challenges pertaining to emergence of children's' ability to think and understand. Psychological tasks that involve conflict, like the Flanker task, are widely used to understand development of response conflict processes. In this study, EEG signals were used to examine the coherence and imaginary part of coherency within the delta, theta, alpha and beta bands across different conditions of the Flanker task. Longitudinal data were collected from a group of typically developing children at ages of seven and nine...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226318/existential-orientation-on-the-phenomenology-of-values-attitudes-and-worldviews-in-schizophrenia-ancillary-article-to-eawe-domain-6
#4
Elizabeth Pienkos, Louis Sass
Since the appearance of schizophrenia as a distinct diagnosis, various researchers and clinicians, particularly those in the phenomenological and existential tradition, have noted the unique contribution of attitudinal and characterological factors to the illness. There has been a notable lack of attention paid to these features in most recent research on the disorder; still, understanding the values, attitudes, and worldviews - what might be termed the "existential orientation" - of persons with schizophrenia may be essential for comprehending the illness and developing effective approaches to treatment...
February 23, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226064/reflections-in-the-light-of-the-complexity-theory-and-nursing-education
#5
Ronny Anderson de Oliveira Cruz, Elidianne Layanne Medeiros de Araujo, Neyce de Matos Nascimento, Raquel Janyne de Lima, Jael Rúbia Figueiredo de Sá França, Jacira Dos Santos Oliveira
Objective: to reflect on nursing education, taking into account the principles of complex thinking proposed by Morin. Method: reflection based on the principles of the complexity theory by Edgar Morin. Results: the application of complexity in teaching proposes an emancipatory education based on questioning and social transformation. It comprises the education of nurses who interact with others as a characteristic of their work. It is necessary to prepare students to develop critical and reflective attitudes and actions to overcome the fragmentation and linearity of knowledge...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225714/regarding-%C3%A3-zcakar-l-%C3%A3-nat-ss-g%C3%A3-rcay-e-kara-m-are-blind-injections-ethical-or-historical-think-twice-with-ultrasound-am-j-phys-med-rehabil-2016-95-158-60
#6
Myron M LaBan, Susan K Weir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225694/polarities-in-clinical-thinking-and-practice
#7
John Z Sadler
This analysis of a case of a bereaved patient that poses two treatment options-watchful waiting or medication-focuses on five "polarities" in clinical practice: (1) the normal and the pathological, (2) the individual and the diagnostic collective, (3) the primary care physician and the consultant, (4) the expert and nonexpert, and (5) the moment and the process. These polarities can accentuate ethical problems posed by this case, for example, by creating stark contrasts that mask the complex contexts of care and characteristics of patients...
February 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225649/medical-mimics-of-child-abuse
#8
Cindy W Christian, Lisa J States
OBJECTIVE: Physicians have an ethical and legal mandate to identify abused children so that they may be protected from further harm and are simultaneously required to think broadly and objectively about differential diagnoses. The medical literature is replete with examples of medical diseases that mimic abuse, potentially leading to misdiagnoses and subsequent harm to children and families. CONCLUSION: This review highlights some of the common and uncommon diseases that mimic physical and sexual abuse of children...
February 22, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224482/dunning-kruger-effects-in-reasoning-theoretical-implications-of-the-failure-to-recognize-incompetence
#9
Gordon Pennycook, Robert M Ross, Derek J Koehler, Jonathan A Fugelsang
The Dunning-Kruger effect refers to the observation that the incompetent are often ill-suited to recognize their incompetence. Here we investigated potential Dunning-Kruger effects in high-level reasoning and, in particular, focused on the relative effectiveness of metacognitive monitoring among particularly biased reasoners. Participants who made the greatest numbers of errors on the cognitive reflection test (CRT) overestimated their performance on this test by a factor of more than 3. Overestimation decreased as CRT performance increased, and those who scored particularly high underestimated their performance...
February 21, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224466/the-biogenetic-law-in-zoology-from-ernst-haeckel-s-formulation-to-current-approaches
#10
Lennart Olsson, Georgy S Levit, Uwe Hoßfeld
150 years ago, in 1866, Ernst Haeckel published a book in two volumes called "Generelle Morphologie der Organismen" (General Morphology of Organisms) in which he formulated his biogenetic law, famously stating that ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny. Here we describe Haeckel's original idea and follow its development in the thinking of two scientists inspired by Haeckel, Alexei Sewertzoff and Adolf Naef. Sewertzoff and Naef initially approached the problem of reformulating Haeckel's law in similar ways, and formulated comparable hypotheses at a purely descriptive level...
February 21, 2017: Theory in Biosciences, Theorie in Den Biowissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224264/how-people-think-about-the-chemicals-in-cigarette-smoke-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Jennifer C Morgan, M Justin Byron, Sabeeh A Baig, Irina Stepanov, Noel T Brewer
Laws and treaties compel countries to inform the public about harmful chemicals (constituents) in cigarette smoke. To encourage relevant research by behavioral scientists, we provide a primer on cigarette smoke toxicology and summarize research on how the public thinks about cigarette smoke chemicals. We systematically searched PubMed in July 2016 and reviewed citations from included articles. Four central findings emerged across 46 articles that met inclusion criteria. First, people were familiar with very few chemicals in cigarette smoke...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224049/the-role-of-topical-antiseptic-agents-within-antimicrobial-stewardship-strategies-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-surgical-site-and-chronic-open-wound-infection
#12
Christopher D Roberts, David J Leaper, Ojan Assadian
Scope and Significance: The topical use of antiseptics for wound care has a role in an antimicrobial stewardship strategy. However, the details of this role need clarification. Further clinical research into the use of topical antiseptics in wound care would lower the risk of furthering antibiotic resistance and contribute to more effective antibiotic use. As part of this research, experimental and surveillance data are needed on the resistance and tolerance patterns associated with topical antiseptic use in wound infections...
February 1, 2017: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223959/time-does-not-help-orangutans-pongo-abelii-solve-physical-problems
#13
Johan Lind, Sofie Lönnberg, Tomas Persson, Magnus Enquist
Many questions in animal intelligence and cognition research are challenging. One challenge is to identify mechanisms underlying reasoning in experiments. Here, we provide a way to design such tests in non-human animals. We know from research in skill acquisition in humans that reasoning and thinking can take time because some problems are processed in multiple steps before a solution is reached (e.g., during mental arithmetics). If animals are able to learn through similar processes their decision making can be time consuming, and most importantly improve if more time to process information is allowed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223237/consumer-preferences-for-sustainable-aquaculture-products-evidence-from-in-depth-interviews-think-aloud-protocols-and-choice-experiments
#14
Antje Risius, Meike Janssen, Ulrich Hamm
Fish from aquaculture is becoming more important for human consumption. Sustainable aquaculture procedures were developed as an alternative to overcome the negative environmental impacts of conventional aquaculture procedures and wild fisheries. The objective of this contribution is to determine what consumers expect from sustainable aquaculture and whether they prefer sustainable aquaculture products. A combination of qualitative research methods, with think aloud protocols and in-depth interviews, as well as quantitative methods, using choice experiments and face-to-face interviews, was applied...
February 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222795/parasites-of-parasites-of-bats-laboulbeniales-fungi-ascomycota-on-bat-flies-diptera-nycteribiidae-in-central-europe
#15
Danny Haelewaters, Walter P Pfliegler, Tamara Szentiványi, Mihály Földvári, Attila D Sándor, Levente Barti, Jasmin J Camacho, Gerrit Gort, Péter Estók, Thomas Hiller, Carl W Dick, Donald H Pfister
BACKGROUND: Bat flies (Streblidae and Nycteribiidae) are among the most specialized families of the order Diptera. Members of these two related families have an obligate ectoparasitic lifestyle on bats, and they are known disease vectors for their hosts. However, bat flies have their own ectoparasites: fungi of the order Laboulbeniales. In Europe, members of the Nycteribiidae are parasitized by four species belonging to the genus Arthrorhynchus. We carried out a systematic survey of the distribution and fungus-bat fly associations of the genus in central Europe (Hungary, Romania)...
February 21, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222770/what-do-patients-with-diabetes-and-providers-think-of-an-innovative-australian-model-of-remote-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-a-qualitative-study
#16
Nicola M Glasson, Sarah L Larkins, Lisa J Crossland
BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the commonest cause of preventable blindness in working age populations, but up to 98% of visual loss secondary to DR can be prevented with early detection and treatment. In 2012, an innovative outreach DR screening model was implemented in remote communities in a state of Australia. The aim of this study was to explore the acceptability of this unique DR screening model to patients, health professionals and other key stakeholders. METHODS: This descriptive qualitative study used semi-structured interviews with patients opportunistically recruited whilst attending DR screening, and purposefully selected health care professionals either working within or impacted by the programme...
February 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222229/leg-ulcers-caused-by-genetic-disease-prolidase-deficiency
#17
F Bertolini
I have just read the new guidelines for diagnostics and treatment of venus leg ulcers pubblished by the Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 2016; 30: 1843-1875 (1), and I think that at this time it would be useful to also include leg ulcers caused by genetic disease "prolidase deficiency" in the differential diagnosis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
February 21, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222087/repetitive-negative-thinking-the-link-between-caregiver-burden-and-depressive-symptoms
#18
Amanda Mitchell, Patrick Pössel
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore whether repetitive negative thinking (RNT) mediates the pathway between subscales of caregiver burden and depressive symptoms. 
. DESIGN: Cross-sectional pilot study. 
. SETTING: Bone marrow unit at the University of Louisville Hospital in Kentucky and caregiver support organizations in Louisville.
. SAMPLE: 49 current cancer caregivers who were primarily spouses or partners of individuals with lymphoma or leukemia and provided care for a median of 30 hours each week for 12 months...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221937/food-safety-perceptions-and-practices-among-smallholder-pork-value-chain-actors-in-hung-yen-province-vietnam
#19
Sinh Dang-Xuan, Hung Nguyen-Viet, Tongkorn Meeyam, Reinhard Fries, Huong Nguyen-Thanh, Phuc Pham-Duc, Steven Lam, Delia Grace, Fred Unger
Pork safety is an important public health concern in Vietnam and is a shared responsibility among many actors along the pork value chain. We examined the knowledge, perceptions, and practices regarding food safety, disease, and health risk among selected pork value chain actors (slaughterhouse owners and workers, people living around slaughterhouses, pork sellers, consumers, and veterinary and public health staff) in three districts in Hung Yen Province, Vietnam. We randomly selected 52 pork value chain actors to be surveyed through questionnaires, observation checklists, key informant interviews, and focus group discussions...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221091/journal-of-personality-and-social-psychology-attitudes-and-social-cognition
#20
Shinobu Kitayama
In this editorial, the new incoming editor for the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (JPSP)addresses the upcoming challenges and the issue of replicability. Although people vary (often dramatically) in their views on the nature and extent of this issue, that we have an issue to address is something that the new editor thinks most scholars would agree on. It is her hope that engaging in these efforts will return our community to a place that young talent willingly and safely bets their futures on...
March 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
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