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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922233/diagnosis-of-cystic-fibrosis-with-chloride-meter-sherwood-m926s-chloride-analyzer%C3%A2-and-sweat-test-analysis-system-cf%C3%AE-collection-system%C3%A2-compared-to-the-gibson-cooke-method
#1
Nagehan Emiralioğlu, Uğur Özçelik, Ebru Yalçın, Deniz Doğru, Nural Kiper
Sweat test with Gibson Cooke (GC) method is the diagnostic gold standard for cystic fibrosis (CF). Recently, alternative methods have been introduced to simplify both the collection and analysis of sweat samples. Our aim was to compare sweat chloride values obtained by GC method with other sweat test methods in patients diagnosed with CF and whose CF diagnosis had been ruled out. We wanted to determine if the other sweat test methods could reliably identify patients with CF and differentiate them from healthy subjects...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922217/commentary-learning-from-variations-in-fidelity-of-implementation
#2
Rekha Balu, Fred Doolittle
The articles in this special issue discuss efforts to improve academic reading outcomes for students and ways to achieve high implementation fidelity of promising strategies. At times the authors discuss if-and how-strong fidelity is associated with strong outcomes and potentially even impacts (the difference between program and control group outcomes). We want to explore this theme in two ways: (a) learning from the variation in fidelity to think about potential points of entry and levers for improvement in implementation, and (b) broadening the evaluation focus to include "service contrast" as a factor driving impacts on student outcomes...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921995/think-small
#3
Luis A Bezares-Calderón, Gáspár Jékely
The tadpole larva of a sea squirt is only the second animal to have its entire nervous system mapped out, and the results confirm that there is still much to learn from the smallest brains.
December 6, 2016: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920971/social-thinking%C3%A2-methodology-evidence-based-or-empirically-supported-a-response-to-leaf-et-al-2016
#4
Pamela J Crooke, Michelle Garcia Winner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920671/proceedings-of-the-fourth-annual-deep-brain-stimulation-think-tank-a-review-of-emerging-issues-and-technologies
#5
Wissam Deeb, James J Giordano, Peter J Rossi, Alon Y Mogilner, Aysegul Gunduz, Jack W Judy, Bryan T Klassen, Christopher R Butson, Craig Van Horne, Damiaan Deny, Darin D Dougherty, David Rowell, Greg A Gerhardt, Gwenn S Smith, Francisco A Ponce, Harrison C Walker, Helen M Bronte-Stewart, Helen S Mayberg, Howard J Chizeck, Jean-Philippe Langevin, Jens Volkmann, Jill L Ostrem, Jonathan B Shute, Joohi Jimenez-Shahed, Kelly D Foote, Aparna Wagle Shukla, Marvin A Rossi, Michael Oh, Michael Pourfar, Paul B Rosenberg, Peter A Silburn, Coralie de Hemptine, Philip A Starr, Timothy Denison, Umer Akbar, Warren M Grill, Michael S Okun
This paper provides an overview of current progress in the technological advances and the use of deep brain stimulation (DBS) to treat neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders, as presented by participants of the Fourth Annual DBS Think Tank, which was convened in March 2016 in conjunction with the Center for Movement Disorders and Neurorestoration at the University of Florida, Gainesveille FL, USA. The Think Tank discussions first focused on policy and advocacy in DBS research and clinical practice, formation of registries, and issues involving the use of DBS in the treatment of Tourette Syndrome...
2016: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920305/projections-of-dental-care-use-through-2026-preventive-care-to-increase-while-treatment-will-decline
#6
Chad D Meyerhoefer, Irina Panovska, Richard J Manski
This study provides a forward-thinking assessment of the factors likely to affect future trends in dental care in the United States. We developed a forecasting model based on historical data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey to determine how demographic trends and recent health care policies will affect dental care use in the future. Our forecasts suggest that the medical and dental insurance reforms instituted under the Affordable Care Act will increase rates of dental care use and the number of dental visits, with utilization rates reaching 47 percent in 2026 and the number of visits reaching 334 million, under optimistic assumptions about take-up of pediatric dental coverage...
December 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920270/think-like-a-hacker-insights-on-the-latest-attack-vectors-and-security-controls-for-medical-device-applications
#7
Mandeep Khera
Ready or not, the Internet of things (IoT) is here. No longer just a buzz term, it'll continue to grow at an unprecedented pace over the next few years expecting to reach over 25 billion connected devices by 2020. History shows us that most fast growth technology solutions focus on solving business problems first and security is an afterthought. Unfortunately, IoT is following the same trend. Most IoT devices, apps, and infrastructure were developed without security in mind and are likely going to become targets of hackers...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919776/state-versus-trait-validating-state-assessment-of-child-and-parental-catastrophic-thinking-about-children-s-acute-pain
#8
Hannah Durand, Kathryn A Birnie, Melanie Noel, Tine Vervoort, Liesbet Goubert, Katelynn E Boerner, Christine T Chambers, Line Caes
: Pain catastrophizing has emerged as one of the most robust predictors of child pain outcomes. Although assessments of state (i.e., situation-specific) pain catastrophizing in children and parents are often used, their psychometric properties are unknown. This study aimed to assess factor structure, reliability and predictive validity of state versions of Pain Catastrophizing Scales for children (PCS-C State) and parents (PCS-P State) relative to corresponding trait versions for child and parental pain-related outcomes...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919569/the-relation-between-radon-in-schools-and-in-dwellings-a-case-study-in-a-rural-region-of-southern-serbia
#9
Z S Žunić, P Bossew, F Bochicchio, N Veselinovic, C Carpentieri, G Venoso, S Antignani, R Simovic, Z Ćurguz, V Udovicic, Z Stojanovska, T Tollefsen
Recognized as a significant health hazard, radon (Rn) has been given increasing attention for years. Surveys of different kinds have been performed in many countries to assess the intensity and the geographical extent of possible Rn problems. Common surveys cover mainly dwellings, the indoor place with highest occupancy, and schools, where people spend a large fraction of their lifetime and which can also be considered exemplary for Rn exposure at workplaces; it has however been observed that relating them is difficult...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919546/brain-morphometry-predicts-individual-creative-potential-and-the-ability-to-combine-remote-ideas
#10
David Bendetowicz, Marika Urbanski, Clarisse Aichelburg, Richard Levy, Emmanuelle Volle
For complex mental functions such as creative thinking, inter-individual variability is useful to better understand the underlying cognitive components and brain anatomy. Associative theories propose that creative individuals have flexible semantic associations, which allows remote elements to be formed into new combinations. However, the structural brain variability associated with the ability to combine remote associates has not been explored. To address this question, we performed a voxel-based morphometry (VBM) study and explored the anatomical connectivity of significant regions...
November 15, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919400/a-novel-concept-for-integrating-and-delivering-health-information-using-a-comprehensive-digital-dashboard-an-analysis-of-healthcare-professionals-intention-to-adopt-a-new-system-and-the-trend-of-its-real-usage
#11
Keehyuck Lee, Se Young Jung, Hee Hwang, Sooyoung Yoo, Hyun Young Baek, Rong-Min Baek, Seok Kim
OBJECTIVE: To introduce a new concept of medical dashboard system called BESTBoard. Such a system was implemented in all wards in a tertiary academic hospital to explore the development process, core designs, functions, usability and feasibility. METHODS: The task-force team made user interface designs for 6 months based on a need analysis. Hardware configuration and software development was carried out for 3 months. We conducted a survey of 383 physicians and nurses to determine the usability and feasibility of the system...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919396/think-time-a-novel-approach-to-analysis-of-clinicians-behavior-after-reduction-of-drug-drug-interaction-alerts
#12
Richard Schreiber, Julia A Gregoire, Jacob E Shaha, Steven H Shaha
OBJECTIVES: Pharmacologic interaction alerting offers the potential for safer medication prescribing, but research reveals persistent concerns regarding alert fatigue. Research studies have tried various strategies to resolve this problem, with low overall success. We examined the effects of targeted alert reduction on clinician behavior in a resource constrained hospital. METHODS: A physician and a pharmacy informaticist reduced alert levels of several drug-drug interactions (DDI) that clinicians almost always overrode with approval from and knowledge of the medical staff...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919381/consumer-choice-of-on-demand-mhealth-app-services-context-and-contents-values-using-structural-equation-modeling
#13
Euehun Lee, Semi Han, Sang Hyun Jo
OBJECTIVE: As smartphone penetration increases and the technology advances, various mobile services have reached the market. mHealth Applications are specifically highlighted for phenomena such as global aging & well-being, but the technology-driven mHealth services have not been successful in the market because consumer needs have not been reflected in the services properly. This study developed a research model consisting of context/contents values to explain the intention of consumers over the age of 40 in using mHealth Applications...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919376/usability-evaluation-of-the-smart-application-for-youth-with-mtbi
#14
Judith W Dexheimer, Brad G Kurowski, Shilo H Anders, Nicole McClanahan, Shari L Wade, Lynn Babcock
OBJECTIVE: There is a dearth of evidence-based treatments available to address the significant morbidity associated with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). To address this gap, we designed a novel user-friendly, web-based application. We describe the preliminary evaluation of feasibility and usability of the application to promote recovery following mTBI in youth, the Self-Monitoring Activity-Restriction and Relaxation Treatment (SMART). SMART incorporates real-time recommendations for individualized symptom management and activity restriction along with training in cognitive-behavioral coping strategies...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919368/clinical-reasoning-in-the-context-of-active-decision-support-during-medication-prescribing
#15
Jan Horsky, Jos Aarts, Leonie Verheul, Diane L Seger, Heleen van der Sijs, David W Bates
OBJECTIVE: Describe and analyze reasoning patterns of clinicians responding to drug-drug interaction alerts in order to understand the role of patient-specific information in the decision-making process about the risks and benefits of medication therapy. Insights could be used to inform the design of decision-support interventions. METHODS: Thirty-two clinicians working with five EHRs in two countries completed sets of six medication orders each and responded to high- and low-severity drug-drug interaction alerts while verbalizing their thoughts in a standard think-aloud protocol...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919151/-a-systematic-review-of-epidemiological-cohort-studies-based-on-the-italian-medical-birth-register-is-it-time-to-think-of-a-multicentric-birth-cohort
#16
REVIEW
Cristina Canova, Gisella Pitter, Patrizia Schifano
INTRODUCTION: birth cohorts are a necessary tool for the study of the effects of exposures which can occur during pregnancy and early life on the development and health status in paediatric and adult life. The Italian Medical Birth Register (CeDAP), linked with other health administrative data, allows to build population based births cohorts to be followed over time. OBJECTIVES: to sistematically review all published scientific papers using data extracted from the (CeDAP) in order to give a picture of their current use for epidemiological aims; to describe advantages and limits of these data and possible future developments for epidemiological purposes...
November 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918598/sighted-and-visually-impaired-students-perspectives-of-illustrations-diagrams-and-drawings-in-school-science
#17
Celia McDonald, Susan Rodrigues
Background In this paper we report on the views of students with and without visual impairments on the use of illustrations, diagrams and drawings (IDD) in science lessons. Method Our findings are based on data gathered through a brief questionnaire completed by a convenience sample of students prior to trialling new resource material. The questionnaire sought to understand the students' views about using IDD in science lessons. The classes involved in the study included one class from a primary school, five classes from a secondary school and one class from a school for visually impaired students...
2016: Wellcome Open Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918071/the-bidirectional-associations-between-state-anger-and-rumination-and-the-role-of-trait-mindfulness
#18
Ashley Borders, Shou-En Lu
Rumination is associated with exacerbated angry mood. Angry moods may also trigger rumination. However, research has not empirically tested the bidirectional associations of state rumination and anger, as experience sampling methodology can do. We predicted that state anger and rumination would be bi-directionally associated, both concurrently and over time, even controlling for trait anger and rumination. In addition, because mindfulness is associated with rumination and anger at the bivariate level, we examined the effect of trait mindfulness on the bidirectional association between state rumination and anger...
December 5, 2016: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917977/discontinuity-in-pastoral-development-time-to-update-the-method
#19
S KrÄtli
Most off-the-shelf basic methodological tools currently used in pastoral development (e.g. technical definitions and conventional scales of observation) retain underlying assumptions about stability and uniformity being the norm (i.e. 'equilibrium thinking'). Such assumptions reflect a theoretical framework which had been questioned since the 1970s and was openly disproved in scientific circles during the 1990s, when it was shown to be fundamentally inadequate. Today, lingering equilibrium assumptions in the methodological legacy of pastoral development get in the way of operationalising state-of-the-art understanding of pastoral systems and drylands...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917711/theories-about-blood-coagulation-in-the-writings-of-ancient-greek-medico-philosophers
#20
Gregory Tsoucalas, Marianna Karamanou, Theodoros G Papaioannou, Markos Sgantzos
Anaxagoras and Empedocles both established during the Presocratic era a pioneering theory for the creation of everything in the universe. Macrocosmos' impact through the "Four Elements Theory" explained the conglomeration of the blood inside the vessels. Hippocrates, who instituted the "Four Humours theory", clearly understood blood's coagulation and introduced the term "thrombus". Plato, Aristotle and Galen, all engaged with the clotting phenomenon trying to interpret it. After eons of inquiry, it was the innovative thinking of the ancient Greek medico philosophers that set the scientific bases towards the understanding of a process that had been analyzing until our era...
December 5, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
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