Read by QxMD icon Read

Prediction of missense mutation

Xiaomu Wei, M Nieves Calvo-Vidal, Siwei Chen, Gang Wu, Maria V Revuelta, Jian Sun, Jinghui Zhang, Michael F Walsh, Kim E Nichols, Vijai Joseph, Carrie Snyder, Celine M Vachon, James D McKay, Shu-Ping Wang, David S Jayabalan, Lauren M Jacobs, Dina Becirovic, Rosalie G Waller, Mykyta Artomov, Agnes Viale, Jayeshkumar Patel, Jude M Phillip, Selina Chen-Kiang, Karen Curtin, Mohamed Salama, Djordje Atanackovic, Ruben Niesvizky, Ola Landgren, Susan L Slager, Lucy A Godley, Jane Churpek, Judy E Garber, Kenneth C Anderson, Mark J Daly, Robert G Roeder, Charles Dumontet, Henry T Lynch, Charles G Mullighan, Nicola J Camp, Kenneth Offit, Robert J Klein, Haiyuan Yu, Leandro Cerchietti, Steven M Lipkin
Given the frequent and largely incurable occurrence of multiple myeloma (MM), identification of germline genetic mutations that predispose cells to MM may provide insight into disease etiology and the developmental mechanisms of its cell of origin, the plasma cell. Here we identified familial and early-onset MM kindreds with truncating mutations in lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1/KDM1A), an epigenetic transcriptional repressor that primarily demethylates histone H3 on lysine 4 and regulates hematopoietic stem cell self-renewal...
March 20, 2018: Cancer Research
Gabrielle Bradshaw, Robbie R Lualhati, Cassie L Albury, Neven Maksemous, Deidre Roos-Araujo, Robert A Smith, Miles C Benton, David A Eccles, Rod A Lea, Heidi G Sutherland, Larisa M Haupt, Lyn R Griffiths
Background: We investigated the molecular etiology of a young male proband with confirmed immunodeficiency of unknown cause, presenting with recurrent bacterial and Varicella zoster viral infections in childhood and persistent lymphopenia into early adulthood. Aim: To identify causative functional genetic variants related to an undiagnosed primary immunodeficiency. Method: Whole genome microarray copy number variant (CNV) analysis was performed on the proband followed by whole exome sequencing (WES) and trio analysis of the proband and family members...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Wolf Achim Hassenpflug, Tobias Obser, Julia Bode, Florian Oyen, Ulrich Budde, Sonja Schneppenheim, Reinhard Schneppenheim, Maria Alexandra Brehm
Upshaw-Schulman syndrome (USS) is caused by severe ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13) deficiency due to homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in the ADAMTS13 gene. Previous studies suggest three possible disease mechanisms: (1) reduced secretion of ADAMTS13 variants, (2) impaired proteolytic activity, (3) defective biosynthesis due to nonsense-mediated decay. Expression studies have failed to establish a clear genotype/phenotype correlation that could explain the significant variability in the age of onset and patients' clinical courses...
March 19, 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Georg Dewald
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a genetically heterogeneous disease that is characterized by recurrent skin swelling, abdominal pain attacks, and potentially life-threatening upper airway obstruction. The two classic types, HAE types I and II, are both caused by mutations in the complement C1 inhibitor (SERPING1) gene resulting either in a quantitative or a qualitative deficiency of C1 inhibitor. In so-called HAE type III, in contrast, patients show normal C1 inhibitor measurements in plasma ('HAE with normal C1 inhibitor')...
March 25, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Antonella Sferra, Fabiana Fattori, Teresa Rizza, Elsabetta Flex, Emanuele Bellacchio, Alessandro Bruselles, Stefania Petrini, Serena Cecchetti, Massimo Teson, Fabrizia Restaldi, Andrea Ciolfi, Filippo M Santorelli, Ginevra Zanni, Sabina Barresi, Claudia Castiglioni, Marco Tartaglia, Enrico Bertini
Microtubules participate in fundamental cellular processes, including chromosomal segregation and cell division, migration, and intracellular trafficking. Their proper function is required for correct central nervous system development and operative preservation, and mutations in genes coding tubulins, the constituting units of microtubules, underlie a family of neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative diseases, collectively known as "tubulinopathies", characterized by a wide range of neuronal defects resulting from defective proliferation, migration, and function...
March 14, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
Linda R Wang, Adam D McIntyre, Robert A Hegele
BACKGROUND: Abetalipoproteinemia and homozygous hypobetalipoproteinemia are classical Mendelian autosomal recessive and co-dominant conditions, respectively, which are phenotypically similar and are usually caused by bi-allelic mutations in MTTP and APOB genes, respectively. Instances of more complex patterns of genomic variants resulting in this distinct phenotype have not been reported. METHODS: A 43 year-old male had a longstanding severe deficiency of apolipoprotein (apo) B-containing lipoproteins and circulating fat soluble vitamins consistent with either abetalipoproteinemia or homozygous familial hypobetalipoproteinemia (FHBL)...
March 14, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
Masoud Tajamolian, Parisa Kolahdouz, Parvaneh Nikpour, Seyed Khalil Forouzannia, Mohammad Hasan Sheikhha, Ehsan Farashahi Yazd
Background: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a disorder that is inherited by autosomal dominant pattern. The main cause of FH disease is the occurrence of mutations in low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) gene sequence, as well as apolipoprotein B and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 genes, located in the next ranks, respectively. Materials and Methods: Forty-five unrelated Iranian patients with FH were screened using a high-resolution melting (HRM) method for exon 9 along with intron/exon boundaries of LDLR gene...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Yousheng Yan, Zhaoyan Meng, Shengju Hao, Fang Wang, Xiaohua Jin, Daguang Sun, Huafang Gao, Xu Ma
BACKGROUND: Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) is an inherited skin disorder with variable severity and heterogeneous genetic involvement. Recessive DEB (RDEB) is a rare heritable blistering skin condition caused by loss-of-function mutations in the COL7A1 gene. AIM: This study aimed to determine the genetic basis of three Chinese RDEB patients from different families and identify correlations between phenotype and genotype. METHODS: All three patients were diagnosed with RDEB based on typical phenotype...
January 2018: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
Dechao Xu, Yiyi Ma, Xiangchen Gu, Rongrong Bian, Yunhui Lu, Xiaohong Xing, Changlin Mei
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common inherited kidney disorder with mutations in PKD1 or PKD2. This study aimed to identify novel PKD1 and PKD2 mutations in Chinese patients with ADPKD. METHODS: Mutational analyses of both PKD genes were performed in 120 Chinese families with inherited ADPKD using long-range PCR and targeted next-generation sequencing approaches. Sanger sequencing was performed to check the positive mutations, while multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification was adopted to examine those without mutations for the presence of large deletions...
March 6, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Siri Lynne Rydning, Ales Dudesek, Florian Rimmele, Claudia Funke, Stefanie Krüger, Saskia Biskup, Magnus D Vigeland, Hanne S Hjorthaug, Yngve Sejersted, Chantal Tallaksen, Kaja K Selmer, Christoph Kamm
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSP) are clinically and genetically heterogenous monogenic disorders. To date, nearly 70 genes are known to be causative. The aim of this project was to identify the genetic cause of autosomal dominantly inherited pure HSP in two large, unrelated non-consanguineous families. METHODS: The two families were characterized clinically and selected members underwent whole exome sequencing. Potentially disease-causing variants were confirmed by Sanger sequencing and their functional consequences on protein function predicted by bioinformatic prediction tools...
March 12, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Deeann Wallis, Kairong Li, Hui Lui, Ke Hu, Mei-Jan Chen, Jing Li, Jungsoon Kang, Shamik Das, Bruce R Korf, Robert A Kesterson
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1; MIM# 613113) is caused by pathogenic variants or mutations in the NF1 gene that encodes neurofibromin. We describe here a new approach to determining the functional consequences of NF1 genetic variants. We established a heterologous cell culture expression system using a full-length mouse Nf1 cDNA (mNf1) and human cell lines. We demonstrate that the full-length murine cDNA produces a >250 kDa neurofibromin protein that is capable of modulating Ras signaling. We created mutant cDNAs representing NF1 patient variants with different clinically relevant phenotypes, and assessed their ability to produce mature neurofibromin and restore Nf1 activity in NF1-/- cells...
March 9, 2018: Human Mutation
Jan Hauke, Judit Horvath, Eva Groß, Andrea Gehrig, Ellen Honisch, Karl Hackmann, Gunnar Schmidt, Norbert Arnold, Ulrike Faust, Christian Sutter, Julia Hentschel, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Mateja Smogavec, Bernhard H F Weber, Nana Weber-Lassalle, Konstantin Weber-Lassalle, Julika Borde, Corinna Ernst, Janine Altmüller, Alexander E Volk, Holger Thiele, Verena Hübbel, Peter Nürnberg, Katharina Keupp, Beatrix Versmold, Esther Pohl, Christian Kubisch, Sabine Grill, Victoria Paul, Natalie Herold, Nadine Lichey, Kerstin Rhiem, Nina Ditsch, Christian Ruckert, Barbara Wappenschmidt, Bernd Auber, Andreas Rump, Dieter Niederacher, Thomas Haaf, Juliane Ramser, Bernd Dworniczak, Christoph Engel, Alfons Meindl, Rita K Schmutzler, Eric Hahnen
The prevalence of germ line mutations in non-BRCA1/2 genes associated with hereditary breast cancer (BC) is low, and the role of some of these genes in BC predisposition and pathogenesis is conflicting. In this study, 5589 consecutive BC index patients negative for pathogenic BRCA1/2 mutations and 2189 female controls were screened for germ line mutations in eight cancer predisposition genes (ATM, CDH1, CHEK2, NBN, PALB2, RAD51C, RAD51D, and TP53). All patients met the inclusion criteria of the German Consortium for Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer for germ line testing...
March 9, 2018: Cancer Medicine
T Guan, H J Wu, L J Zhang, D J Xu, L B Zheng, Y F Yao
Objective: To investigate the possibility of the visual system homeobox 1 (VSX1) gene as a candidate susceptibility gene for Chinese patients with sporadic keratoconus, and to identify sequence variants of the VSX1 gene in such patients. Methods: Cross-sectional study. Genomic DNA was extracted from the leukocytes in the peripheral venous blood of 50 patients with sporadic keratoconus and 50 control subjects without this ocular disorder. Five exons and the intron-exon splicing of the VSX1 gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
March 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Isabella Tabaro, Giuseppe Reimondo, Giangiacomo Osella, Caterina Aurizi, Pasquale Caraci, Luca Barbieri, Daniela Francesca Giachino, Fabio Sirchia, Massimo Terzolo
PURPOSE: Acute porphyrias are metabolic disorders of heme biosynthesis characterized by acute life-threatening attacks. The diagnosis is often missed since clinical presentation is aspecific mimicking other medical and surgical conditions. Variegate porphyria (VP) is an autosomal dominant inherited disease with incomplete penetrance due to decreased activity of the Protoporphyrinogen Oxydase (PPOX) gene; most VP mutations are family specific. We report the case of a 40 year-old woman who presented many times to the emergency department complaining of unexplained abdominal pain and laboratory investigations showed repeatedly hyponatremia...
March 7, 2018: Endocrine
Lv Liu, Hong Luo
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a clinical rare peculiar disorder, mainly featured by respiratory infection, tympanitis, nasosinusitis, and male infertility. Previous study demonstrated it is an autosomal recessive disease and by 2017 almost 40 pathologic genes have been identified. Among them are the leucine-rich repeat- (LRR-) containing 6 (LRRC6) codes for a 463-amino-acid cytoplasmic protein, expressed distinctively in motile cilia cells, including the testis cells and the respiratory epithelial cells...
2018: BioMed Research International
S Mu, Y Cui, W Wang, L Wang, H Xu, O Zhu, D Zhu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterise a novel mutation in the gene encoding RhAG in order to elucidate a molecular mechanism for Rh antigen expression and spherocytosis. BACKGROUND: Rhesus-associated glycoprotein (RhAG) is critical for maintaining the structure and stability of erythrocytes. Single missense mutations in the gene encoding RhAG are sufficient to induce spherocytosis and deficiencies in Rh complex formation. We report a novel missense mutation that incompletely disrupts Rh antigen expression and selectively knocks out RhD antigen expression...
March 6, 2018: Transfusion Medicine
Hwal Rim Jeong, Hae Sang Lee, Jin Soon Hwang
BACKGROUND: Luteinizing hormone (LH) is a useful parameter in diagnosing precocious puberty. The pubertal response of serum LH to a GnRH stimulation test is varied, and clinical symptoms of precocious puberty are sometimes disproportionate with serum LH concentrations. Many patients present in a state of precocious puberty that advances rapidly, but the post-GnRH peak LH remains prepubertal. LH receptor mutations are suspected of involvement in the non-classic type of central precocious puberty (CPP)...
March 5, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Riikka E Mäkitie, Matthias Hackl, Riitta Niinimäki, Sakari Kakko, Johannes Grillari, Outi Mäkitie
Context: WNT signaling is fundamental to bone health and its aberrant activation leads to skeletal pathologies. A heterozygous missense mutation p.C218G in WNT1, a key WNT pathway ligand, leads to severe early-onset and progressive osteoporosis with multiple peripheral and spinal fractures. Despite the severe skeletal manifestations, conventional bone turnover markers are normal in mutation-positive patients. Objective: This study sought to explore the circulating miRNA pattern in patients with impaired WNT signaling...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Ulrike Schindlbeck, Thomas Wittmann, Stefanie Höppner, Susanna Kinting, Gerhard Liebisch, Jan Hegermann, Matthias Griese
Mutations in the ATP-binding cassette subfamily A member 3 (ABCA3) gene are the most common monogenetic cause of surfactant dysfunction disorders in newborns and interstitial lung diseases in children and young adults. Whereas the effect of mutations resulting in truncated or incomplete proteins can be predicted, the consequences of missense variants cannot be as easily. Our aim was to investigate the intracellular handling and disturbance of the cellular surfactant system in a stable cell model with several different clinically relevant ABCA3 missense mutations...
March 5, 2018: Human Mutation
Yuan Wu, Hong Xia, Jinzhong Yuan, Hongbo Xu, Xiong Deng, Jun Liu, Hao Zhang, Hao Deng
Introduction: Fabry Disease (FD), the second most common lysosomal storage disorder after Gaucher disease, is characterized by variable clinical manifestations, including angiokeratoma, corneal dystrophy, recurrent episodes of extremity pain, renal impairment, cardiac complications and cerebrovascular manifestations. It is caused by mutations in the α-galactosidase A gene (gene symbol GLA) on chromosome Xq22, which leads to deficiency of lysosomal α-galactosidase A (α-Gal A), and subsequent accumulation of glycosphingolipids in various tissues and organs...
January 2018: Current Genomics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"