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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102945/learning-based-deformable-image-registration-for-infant-mr-images-in-the-first-year-of-life
#1
Shunbo Hu, Lifang Wei, Yaozong Gao, Yanrong Guo, Guorong Wu, Dinggang Shen
PURPOSE: Many brain development studies have been devoted to investigate dynamic structural and functional changes in the first year of life. To quantitatively measure brain development in such a dynamic period, accurate image registration for different infant subjects with possible large age gap is of high demand. Although many state-of-the-art image registration methods have been proposed for young and elderly brain images, very few registration methods work for infant brain images acquired in the first year of life, because of (a) large anatomical changes due to fast brain development and (b) dynamic appearance changes due to white-matter myelination...
January 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102874/cardiorespiratory-hospitalisation-and-mortality-reductions-after-smoking-bans-in-switzerland
#2
Ana M Vicedo-Cabrera, Martin Röösli, Dragana Radovanovic, Leticia Grize, Fabienne Witassek, Christian Schindler, Laura Perez
INTRODUCTION: Smoking bans are considered one of the most effective policies to reduce population exposure to tobacco smoke and prevent adverse health outcomes. However, evidence on the effect of contextual variables on the effectiveness of smoking bans is still lacking. AIMS: The patchwork of cantonal smoke-free laws in Switzerland was used as a quasi-experimental setting to assess changes after their introduction in: hospitalisations and mortality due to cardiorespiratory diseases in adults; total hospitalisations and hospitalisations due to respiratory disorders in children; and the modifying effects of contextual factors and the effectiveness of the laws...
January 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102857/vocal-fold-paralysis-in-preterm-infants-prevalence-and-analysis-of-risk-factors
#3
J Jabbour, M Uhing, T Robey
OBJECTIVE: To calculate the prevalence of vocal fold paralysis (VFP) in preterm (<37 weeks of gestation) infants at a single neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and identify risk factors for the development of VFP. STUDY DESIGN: This is a case control study of all surviving preterm infants admitted to the NICU at Children's Hospital of Wisconsin from 2006 to 2012, comparing those with and without VFP. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify significant risk factors for VFP...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102856/the-impact-of-integrated-evaluation-of-hemodynamics-using-targeted-neonatal-echocardiography-with-indices-of-tissue-oxygenation-a-new-approach
#4
Y N Elsayed, R Amer, M M Seshia
OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of integrated evaluation of hemodynamics (IEH) using targeted neonatal echocardiography, together with regional tissue oxygenation, fractional oxygen extraction using near-infrared spectroscopy on the management of infants with compromised hemodynamics. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort comparison of two groups of infants with compromised hemodynamics. EPOCH 1: did not undergo IEH (January 2012 to March 2014); EPOCH 2: underwent IEH (April 2014 to December 2015)...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102854/optimal-gestational-weight-gain-prepregnancy-bmi-specific-influences-on-adverse-pregnancy-and-infant-health-outcomes
#5
A Chen, C Xie, A M Vuong, T Wu, E A DeFranco
OBJECTIVE: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) 2009 gestational weight gain (GWG) guidelines are based on prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) categories. We intended to refine optimal GWG for each prepregnancy BMI unit in relation to the risk of small- and large-for-gestational-age (SGA and LGA) births, cesarean section (C-section) and infant death. STUDY DESIGN: We used data from 836,841 Ohio birth records from 2006 to 2012, and applied generalized additive models to calculate optimal GWG by prepregnancy BMI unit...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102852/anthropometric-trends-from-1997-to-2012-in-infants-born-at-%C3%A2-28-weeks-gestation-or-less
#6
N Wells, T A Stokes, K Ottolini, C H Olsen, A R Spitzer, C E Hunt
OBJECTIVE: Postnatal growth failure is common after preterm birth, in particular for infants born at ⩽28 weeks' gestation, but it is unknown if growth-to-term equivalent age has improved over the years as neonatal intensive care in general, and infant nutrition in particular, have improved. The objective of the study was to evaluate anthropometric trends at NICU discharge for infants born at ⩽28 weeks' gestation using a large national database. STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of growth in weight, length, head circumference and body mass index (kg m(2)) in 23 005 infants born in 1997 to 2012 who survived to neonatal intensive care unit discharge at ⩽41 weeks' postmenstrual age...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102781/a-neurodevelopmental-disorder-with-a-nonsense-mutation-in-the-ox-2-antigen-domain-of-the-amyloid-precursor-protein-app-gene
#7
Khue Vu Nguyen, Karen Leydiker, Raymond Wang, Jose Abdenur, William L Nyhan
We report a patient, an infant with a neurodevelopmental disorder manifesting intractable complex partial epilepsy, bull's eye maculopathy, microcephaly, bilateral cataracts, truncal hypotonia, and spasticity of all four extremities. Sequencing of genomic DNA revealed mutations in (a) exon 8 (Ox-2 antigen domain) of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene: c.1075C>T, p.Arg359(*) (b) exon 8 of the senataxin (SETX) gene: c.4738C>T, p.Arg1580Cys, and (c) exon 2 of the ceroid-lipofuscinosis, neuronal 8 (CLN8) gene: c...
January 19, 2017: Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102625/neonatal-stridor-and-laryngeal-cyst-which-comes-first
#8
Lucia Marseglia, Gabriella D'Angelo, Pietro Impellizzeri, Vincenzo Salvo, Natalia Catalano, Rocco Bruno, Claudio Galletti, Bruno Galletti, Francesco Galletti, Eloisa Gitto
Neonatal stridor is a rare condition usually caused by laryngomalacia. Congenital laryngeal cyst represents an uncommon cause of stridor in the neonatal population and may be misinterpreted as laryngomalacia, leading to serious morbidity and mortality if diagnosis and treatment are delayed. Herein we report the case of a full-term infant with stridor, feeding problems and failure to thrive. Initially, direct laryngoscopy diagnosed only laryngomalacia. As stridor worsened, however, and respiratory distress appeared, repeat laryngoscopy showed vallecular laryngeal cyst, visible macroscopically...
January 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102595/-they-can-t-find-anything-wrong-with-him-yet-mothers-experiences-of-parenting-an-infant-with-a-prenatally-diagnosed-copy-number-variant-cnv
#9
Allison Werner-Lin, Sarah Walser, Frances K Barg, Barbara A Bernhardt
Chromosome microarray (CMA) testing is used widely in prenatal settings. Some copy number variants (CNVs) detected using CMA are associated with variable or uncertain phenotype and/or possible neurocognitive involvement. Little is known about parenting an infant following such findings. Researchers conducted interviews with 23 mothers of infants diagnosed prenatally with a potentially pathogenic CNV to elicit perspectives on the child's development and disclosure of results to others. Interviews were audiotaped and analyzed for common themes...
February 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102591/hyperinsulinemic-hypoglycemia-in-beckwith-wiedemann-sotos-and-kabuki-syndromes-a-nationwide-survey-in-japan
#10
Naoko Toda, Kenji Ihara, Kanako Kojima-Ishii, Masayuki Ochiai, Kazuhiro Ohkubo, Yutaka Kawamoto, Yoshinori Kohno, Sakae Kumasaka, Akihiko Kawase, Yasuhisa Ueno, Takeshi Futatani, Tokuo Miyazawa, Yuko Nagaoki, Setsuko Nakata, Maiko Misaki, Hiroko Arai, Masahiko Kawai, Maki Sato, Yukari Yada, Nobuhiro Takahashi, Atsushi Komatsu, Kanemasa Maki, Shinichi Watabe, Yutaka Sumida, Makoto Kuwashima, Hiroshi Mizumoto, Kazuo Sato, Toshiro Hara
Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is a congenital overgrowth syndrome that is occasionally associated with hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (HH) in the neonatal period. Sotos syndrome (SS) and Kabuki syndrome (KS) are other malformation syndromes that may be complicated with HH, however, the detailed clinical characteristics of HH accompanied with these syndromes remain unclear. We herein conducted a nationwide questionnaire survey in Japan. We sent a primary questionnaire concerning the clinical experience for these syndromes to 347 perinatal care institutions...
February 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102574/fidgety-movements-in-infants-born-very-preterm-predictive-value-for-cerebral-palsy-in-a-clinical-multicentre-setting
#11
Alexandre N Datta, Mark A Furrer, Iris Bernhardt, Petra S Hüppi, Cristina Borradori-Tolsa, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Beatrice Latal, Sebastian Grunt, Giancarlo Natalucci
AIM: This study assessed predictive values of fidgety movement assessment (FMA) in a large sample of infants born very preterm for developmental abnormalities, in particular for cerebral palsy (CP) at 2 years in an everyday clinical setting. METHOD: This is a multicentre study of infants born preterm with gestational age lower than 32.0 weeks. FMA was performed at 3 months corrected age; neurodevelopment (Bayley Scales of Infant Development, 2nd edition) and neurological abnormalities were assessed at 2 years...
January 19, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102503/reducing-unintended-pregnancies-as-a-strategy-to-avert-zika-related-microcephaly-births-in-the-united-states-a-simulation-study
#12
Katherine A Ahrens, Jennifer A Hutcheon, Loretta Gavin, Susan Moskosky
Introduction There is increasing evidence that infection with the Zika virus (ZIKV) during pregnancy can lead to severe brain abnormalities in infants exposed in utero. The objective of our analysis was to estimate the contribution of enhanced contraception access to averting ZIKV-related microcephaly births in the United States, alone and in combination with another possible strategy, anti-ZIKV vaccination. Methods We used Monte Carlo sampling techniques (n = 100,000 simulations) to estimate the number of microcephaly births expected under strategies of enhanced contraception only, vaccination only, both enhanced contraception and vaccination, and status quo (no intervention)...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102501/characteristics-of-social-support-among-teenage-optimal-age-and-advanced-age-women-in-canada-an-analysis-of-the-national-longitudinal-survey-of-children-and-youth
#13
Theresa H M Kim, Michael Rotondi, Jennifer Connolly, Hala Tamim
Background Social support is highly valued and beneficial for women, especially after childbirth. The objective was to examine the differences of social support reported among teen, optimal age, and advanced age women, and to identify the characteristics associated with social support separately for each age group. Methods This was a cross-sectional analysis of the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth. Primiparous women with infants were grouped into: teen (15-19 years), optimal age (20-34 years), and advanced age (35 years and older)...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102025/the-direct-referral-to-endovascular-center-criteria-a-proposal-for-pre-hospital-evaluation-of-acute-stroke-in-the-madrid-stroke-network
#14
J Rodríguez-Pardo, B Fuentes, M Alonso de Leciñana, Á Ximénez-Carrillo, G Zapata-Wainberg, J Álvarez-Fraga, F J Barriga, L Castillo, J Carneado-Ruiz, J Díaz-Guzman, J Egido-Herrero, A de Felipe, J Fernández-Ferro, L Frade-Pardo, Á García-Gallardo, A García-Pastor, A Gil-Núñez, C Gómez-Escalonilla, M Guillán, Y Herrero-Infante, J Masjuan-Vallejo, M Á Ortega-Casarrubios, J Vivancos-Mora, E Díez-Tejedor
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: For patients with acute ischaemic stroke due to large-vessel occlusion, it has recently been shown that mechanical thrombectomy (MT) with stent retrievers is better than medical treatment alone. However, few hospitals can provide MT 24 h/day 365 days/year, and it remains unclear whether selected patients with acute stroke should be directly transferred to the nearest MT-providing hospital to prevent treatment delays. Clinical scales such as Rapid Arterial Occlusion Evaluation (RACE) have been developed to predict large-vessel occlusion at a pre-hospital level, but their predictive value for MT is low...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101838/renal-consequences-of-preterm-birth
#15
REVIEW
Amelie Stritzke, Sumesh Thomas, Harish Amin, Christoph Fusch, Abhay Lodha
BACKGROUND: The developmental origin of health and disease concept identifies the brain, cardiovascular, liver, and kidney systems as targets of fetal adverse programming with adult consequences. As the limits of viability in premature infants have been pushed to lower gestational ages, the long-term impact of prematurity on kidneys still remains a significant burden during hospital stay and beyond. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to summarize available evidence, mechanisms, and short- and long-term renal consequences of prematurity and identify nephroprotective strategies and areas of uncertainty...
December 2017: Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101789/prevalence-and-predictors-of-uncircumcised-kenyan-men-s-desire-for-circumcision-for-their-infant-sons
#16
F Parker Hudson, William C Miller, Samwel Rao, Kawango Agot, Harsha Thirumurthy
Men are key decision makers for their son's circumcision, so understanding their beliefs is important for the uptake of early infant male circumcision in countries in sub-Saharan Africa that have high HIV prevalence. We analyzed men's preferences for circumcising their sons using data from a population-representative survey of 1501 uncircumcised men aged 25-49 years in western Kenya. Most men (59%) reported they would "definitely" want their son circumcised if a son was born to them within the next year. However, only 25% intended to become circumcised themselves...
January 18, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101779/randomized-controlled-trial-of-topical-emla-and-vapocoolant-spray-for-reducing-pain-during-wdpt-vaccination
#17
Navratan Kumar Gupta, Amit Upadhyay, Ajeet Kumar Dwivedi, Astha Agarwal, Vijay Jaiswal, Abhishek Singh
BACKGROUND: Intramuscular vaccination is among the most common source of iatrogenic pain in infants. Vapocoolant sprays are rapid-acting alternative to topical anesthetics. They provide transient anesthesia via evaporation induced skin cooling, and reduce pain due to vaccine injection in children and adults. The objective was to compare the synergistic analgesic effect of eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (EMLA) with breastfeeding (EB group) and vapocoolant spay with breastfeeding (VB group) to that of only breastfeeding (BO group) during whole cell diptheria, pertussis and tetanus (wDPT) vaccination...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101777/comorbidities-in-down-syndrome-livebirths-and-health-care-intervention-an-initial-experience-from-the-birth-defects-registry-in-southern-thailand
#18
Somchit Jaruratanasirikul, Wannee Limpitikul, Pathikan Dissaneevate, Paveena Booncharoen, Pongsak Tantichantakarun
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome (DS) is the most common chromosomal disorder causing mental retardation with a worldwide average prevalence of 1-2 cases per 1000 births. This study aimed to determine the comorbidities associated with DS and the coverage of health care services and developmental interventions for DS livebirths in southern Thailand. METHODS: A total of 149 livebirth DS infants, recruited through the prospective birth defects registry system during 2009-2013 in 3 provinces in southern Thailand, were regularly followed-up every 3-6 months...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101758/applying-collaborative-learning-and-quality-improvement-to-public-health-lessons-from-the-collaborative-improvement-and-innovation-network-coiin-to-reduce-infant-mortality
#19
Reem M Ghandour, Katherine Flaherty, Ashley Hirai, Vanessa Lee, Deborah Klein Walker, Michael C Lu
OBJECTIVES: Infant mortality remains a significant public health problem in the U.S. The Collaborative Improvement & Innovation Network (CoIIN) model is an innovative approach, using the science of quality improvement and collaborative learning, which was applied across 13 Southern states in Public Health Regions IV and VI to reduce infant mortality and improve birth outcomes. We provide an in-depth discussion of the history, development, implementation, and adaptation of the model based on the experience of the original CoIIN organizers and participants...
January 18, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101699/humanity-at-the-edge-the-moral-laboratory-of-feeding-precarious-lives
#20
Mette N Svendsen, Iben M Gjødsbøl, Mie S Dam, Laura E Navne
At the heart of anthropology and the social sciences lies a notion of human existence according to which humans and animals share the basic need for food, but only humans have the capacity for morality. Based on fieldwork in a pig laboratory, a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and a dementia nursing home, we follow practices of feeding precarious lives lacking most markers of human personhood, including the exercise of moral judgment. Despite the absence of such markers, laboratory researchers and caregivers in these three sites do not abstain from engaging in questions about the moral status of the piglets, infants, and people with dementia in their care...
January 18, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
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