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Extremely low birth weight infant

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890862/improving-diaper-performance-for-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#1
Veronica Sanchez, Michelle Maladen-Percy, Jennifer Gustin, Amy Tally, Roger Gibb, Julie Ogle, Dianna C Kenneally, Andrew N Carr
BACKGROUND: Extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants face significant diapering challenges compared with their full-term peers, due to immature musculature, nervous system, and skin development. Advances in medical care has increased an ELBW infant's rate of survival, which creates a growing need for diapers to better serve these infants. Aim of research. The objective of this study was to identify and confirm the requirements for optimal diaper performance from the neonatal intensive care unit nurses' perspective, as well as to assess in-hospital performance to determine if new features improved key developmental care parameters...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881640/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-retinopathy-of-prematurity-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
André Moraes Freitas, Ricardo Mörschbächer, Mariana R Thorell, Ernani Luis Rhoden
Background and objectives: Advances in neonatal care promoted increased survival rates of preterm infants, with a consequent increase in the number of children affected by retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). This study estimates the incidence of ROP and evaluates potential risk factors associated. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of preterm infants born in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit was conducted from March 2005 to August 2015. Six hundred and thirty-nine newborns were included based on the following criteria: infants born with less than 32 weeks' gestation or birth weight below 1500 g; or neonates born with 32-37 weeks' gestation or birth weight above 1500 g and any of the following associated: multiple gestation, respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis, blood transfusions or intraventricular hemorrhage...
2018: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864780/can-sequential-coagulation-monitoring-predict-major-haemorrhage-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#3
Margarita Thanhaeuser, Christoph Binder, Ulla Derhaschnig, Bernd Jilma, Margit Kornsteiner-Krenn, Mercedes Huber-Dangl, Andreas Repa, Alexandra Kreissl, Angelika Berger, Nadja Haiden
INTRODUCTION:  Bleeds such as intra-ventricular (IVH) and pulmonary haemorrhage (PH) are life-threatening events in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Serial coagulation monitoring by measuring the international normalized ratio (INR) with small volume samples might facilitate early diagnosis and possibly prevent major bleeds. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  This was a prospective longitudinal study performed in ELBW infants, who received serial INR monitoring by point of care testing during their first 30 days of life...
June 4, 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804321/oral-diatrizoate-acid-for-meconium-related-ileus-in-extremely-preterm-infants
#4
Kaori Michikata, Yuki Kodama, Masatoki Kaneko, Hiroshi Sameshima, Tsuyomu Ikenoue, Seiro Machigashira, Motoi Mukai, Motofumi Torikai, Kazuhiko Nakame
BACKGROUND: Intestinal disorders are common among very low birth weight infants. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of prophylactic oral Gastrografin® (diatrizoate acid) on meconium-related ileus (MRI) in extremely preterm infants. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study of infants born extremely preterm at < 28 weeks of gestation and administered diatrizoate acid (prophylactic group) or not (control group) in the study periods 2007-2014 and 2000-2009, respectively...
May 27, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795318/association-of-admission-temperature-and-death-or-adverse-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-extremely-low-gestational-age-neonates
#5
Joseph Y Ting, Anne R Synnes, Shoo K Lee, Prakesh S Shah
OBJECTIVE: Preterm infants are at higher risk of developing hypothermia and complications from cold stress, resulting in high mortality and short-term morbidity. Our objective is to evaluate the association between admission temperatures of extremely low-gestational age neonates (ELGAN) (<29 weeks') and adverse short-term neurodevelopmental outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective study, we included ELGAN admitted to NICUs across Canada between April 2009 and September 2011, who underwent neurodevelopmental assessment at 18-21 months' corrected age...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790700/early-hypophosphatemia-in-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants
#6
REVIEW
Agata Pająk, Barbara Królak-Olejnik, Agnieszka Szafrańska
Refeeding Syndrome (RFS) is a well-known group of symptoms which occur after the introduction of enteral or parenteral nutrition in undernourished patients. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is the equivalent of postnatal RFS following the beginning of feeding. The aggressive parenteral nutrition of neonates with very low birth weight (VLBW) resulting from the termination of intrauterine transplacental nutrition is a source of biochemical disorders. The aim of this study was to analyze metabolic disorders in preterm infants during the 1st week of life and to determine the hypophosphatemia risk factors in low birth weight neonates receiving parenteral nutrition...
May 21, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764569/-combined-effect-of-gestational-age-and-birth-weight-on-metabolites-related-to-inherited-metabolic-diseases-in-neonates
#7
Fang Yi, Ling Wang, Mei Wang, Xue-Lian Yuan, Hua-Jing Wan, Jia-Yuan Li
OBJECTIVE: To study the combined effect of gestational age and birth weight on metabolites related to inherited metabolic diseases (IMD). METHODS: A total of 3 381 samples ruled out of IMD by follow-up were randomly selected from 38 931 newborns who participated in the neonatal IMD screening during 2014-2016. The 3 381 neonates were categorized into seven groups according to their gestational age and birth weight: extremely preterm appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) group (n=12), preterm small-for-gestational age (SGA) group (n=18), preterm AGA group (n=219), preterm large-for-gestational age (LGA) group (n=18), full-term SGA group (n=206), full-term AGA group (n=2 677), and full-term LGA group (n=231)...
May 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746270/evidence-regarding-the-use-of-bubble-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-the-extremely-low-birth-weight-infant-benefits-challenges-and-implications-for-nursing-practice
#8
Samantha Alessi
BACKGROUND: Gentle ventilation with optimal oxygenation is integral to prevention of chronic lung disease in the extremely low birth-weight (ELBW) infant. Various types of noninvasive ventilation are used in neonatal intensive care units worldwide. Bubble continuous positive airway pressure (BCPAP) has been in use in newborn intensive care since 1975. PURPOSE: To synthesize the current evidence on the use of BCPAP in the ELBW infant and its relationship to outcomes, particularly morbidity and mortality...
June 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715193/severe-lactic-acidosis-in-an-extremely-low-birth-weight-infant-due-to-thiamine-deficiency
#9
Hulya Ozdemir, Hulya Bilgen, Zeynep Alp Unkar, Ertugrul Kiykim, Asli Memisoglu, Eren Ozek
BACKGROUND: In this case report, we present a preterm newborn with persistent lactic acidosis who received total parenteral nutrition (TPN) that lacked thiamine. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-week-old, 750 g female infant was born with an Apgar score of 8 at the 5th minute. Umbilical cord blood gas levels, including lactate level, were normal, and she was admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Achieving full enteral feeding was not possible due to gastric residues and abdominal distention, making the patient dependent on TPN during the first 2 weeks of life...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689579/reevaluation-of-protein-intake-for-preterm-infants
#10
Masahiko Kawai
Growth failure caused by undernutrition is considered one of the major causes for psychomotor delay in extremely preterm infants, and the concept for "aggressive nutritional approach" is widely accepted worldwide. Based on this, postnatal early catch-up growth due to sufficient supply of nutrients including sufficient amounts of amino acids is believed to be essential for a better outcome; however, there is no definitive evidence of aggressive nutrition on better outcomes in mortality, growth, and neurodevelopment...
April 24, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687617/noninvasive-assessment-of-autonomic-function-in-human-neonates-born-at-the-extremes-of-fetal-growth-spectrum
#11
Hasthi U Dissanayake, Rowena L McMullan, Adrienne Gordon, Ian D Caterson, David S Celermajer, Melinda Phang, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Michael R Skilton, Jaimie W Polson
Birth weight is associated with adult cardiovascular disease, such that those at both ends of the spectrum are at increased risk. This may be driven in part by modification to autonomic control, a mechanistic contributor to hypertension. However, birth weight is a relatively crude surrogate of fetal growth; and newborn body composition may more accurately identify the "at risk" infant. Accordingly, we sought to determine whether newborns with high or low body fat have altered autonomic control of vasomotor function and cardiac contractility...
April 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681181/failed-umbilical-artery-catheterization-and-adverse-outcomes-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#12
Matthew B Wallenstein, Gary M Shaw, Wei Yang, David K Stevenson
PURPOSE: To determine whether successful catheterization of the umbilical artery is associated with a reduced risk of death or neurodevelopment impairment among critically ill extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was conducted between 2007 and 2014 at Stanford University for all ELBW infants that required intubation immediately after birth. The primary outcome was death or neurodevelopmental impairment at 18-22 months...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672591/correction-catch-up-growth-in-the-first-two-years-of-life-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-elbw-infants-is-associated-with-lower-body-fat-in-young-adolescence
#13
Anke Raaijmakers, Lotte Jacobs, Maissa Rayyan, Theun Pieter van Tienoven, Els Ortibus, Elena Levtchenko, Jan A Staessen, Karel Allegaert
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173349.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662873/permissive-hypercapnia-results-in-decreased-functional-vessel-density-in-the-skin-of-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#14
Alexandra Francoise Puchwein-Schwepcke, Kristina Schottmayer, Zuzana Mormanová, Jens Dreyhaupt, Orsolya Genzel-Boroviczeny, Ulrich H Thome
Background: Ventilator-induced lung injury with subsequent bronchopulmonary dysplasia remains an important issue in the care of extremely low-birth-weight infants. Permissive hypercapnia has been proposed to reduce lung injury. Hypercapnia changes cerebral perfusion, but its influence on the peripheral microcirculation is unknown. Methods: Data were collected from 12 infants, who were randomized to a permissive high PCO2 target group (HTG) or a control group (CG)...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627403/ventilatory-practices-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-in-a-level-iii-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#15
S Abreu-Pereira, R Pinto-Lopes, F Flôr-de-Lima, G Rocha, H Guimarães
INTRODUCTION: Although non-invasive forms of ventilation have recently spread in neonatology, invasive ventilation still plays a key role in the support of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. The purpose of this study was to assess changes in neonatal ventilation practices for ELBW infants and compare outcomes between two epochs (2005-2009 vs. 2010-2015) to analyze progression stemming from the implementation of newer clinical guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study with data collection from all ELBW infants born between 2005 and 2015 in our center through their individual clinical records...
April 4, 2018: Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627188/maternal-black-race-and-persistent-wheezing-illness-in-former-extremely-low-gestational-age-newborns-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-trial
#16
Katherine C Wai, Anna M Hibbs, Martina A Steurer, Dennis M Black, Jeanette M Asselin, Eric C Eichenwald, Philip L Ballard, Roberta A Ballard, Roberta L Keller
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between maternal self-reported race/ethnicity and persistent wheezing illness in former high-risk, extremely low gestational age newborns, and to quantify the contribution of socioeconomic, environmental, and biological factors on this relationship. STUDY DESIGN: We assessed persistent wheezing illness determined at 18-24 months corrected (for prematurity) age in survivors of a randomized trial. Parents/caregivers were surveyed for wheeze and inhaled asthma medication use quarterly to 12 months, and at 18 and 24 months...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627178/growth-morbidity-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-at-discharge-and-two-year-follow-up
#17
Charles R Hong, Brenna S Fullerton, Charles E Mercier, Kate A Morrow, Erika M Edwards, Karla R Ferrelli, Roger F Soll, Biren P Modi, Jeffrey D Horbar, Tom Jaksic
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine postnatal growth outcomes and predictors of growth failure at 18-24months corrected age among extremely low birth weight (ELBW) survivors of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) compared to survivors without NEC. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively on ELBW (22-27weeks gestation or 401-1000g birth weight) infants born 2000-2013 at 46 centers participating in the Vermont Oxford Network follow-up project. Severe growth failure was defined as <3rd percentile weight-for-age...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617782/epicardial-permanent-pacemaker-implantation-in-the-retrosternal-space-of-a-2-3-kg-infant
#18
Bongyeon Sohn, Jae Gun Kwak, Jae Hong Lim, Woong-Han Kim
Permanent pacemaker implantation in small infants can be challenging because of patient size and expected somatic growth. In our case, we used the retrosternal space as a generator pocket for an extremely low-birth-weight premature baby with autoantibody-associated congenital heart block born to a systemic lupus erythematosus mother.
March 29, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610159/use-of-insulin-glargine-in-the-management-of-neonatal-hyperglycemia-in-an-elbw-infant
#19
Min J Hwang, Robert Newman, Katherine Philla, Elizabeth Flanigan
Neonatal hyperglycemia is common in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants because of physiologic stress, exogenous glucose infusion, and postnatal corticosteroid therapy for hypotension, adrenal insufficiency, and pulmonary immaturity. The use of long-acting insulin glargine has been described in the treatment of transient neonatal diabetes in the premature infant, but in these reports is a lack of regard to its use in the treatment of iatrogenic neonatal hyperglycemia. We present the case of an ELBW infant with significant hyperglycemia that was refractory to usual treatment but demonstrated a favorable response to long-acting subcutaneous insulin glargine...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599068/acute-responses-to-diuretic-therapy-in-extremely-low-gestational-age-newborns-results-from-the-prematurity-and-respiratory-outcomes-program-cohort-study
#20
Carol J Blaisdell, James Troendle, Anne Zajicek
OBJECTIVE: To determine if daily respiratory status improved more in extremely low gestational age (GA) premature infants after diuretic exposure compared with those not exposed in modern neonatal intensive care units. STUDY DESIGN: The Prematurity and Respiratory Outcomes Program (PROP) was a multicenter observational cohort study of 835 extremely premature infants, GAs of 230/7 -286/7 weeks, enrolled in the first week of life from 13 US tertiary neonatal intensive care units...
June 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
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