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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797201/meconium-staining-of-the-amniotic-fluid-and-the-presence-and-severity-of-acute-placental-inflammation-a-study-of-term-deliveries-in-a-predominantly-african-american-population
#1
Haleema Saeed, Suzanne M Jacques, Faisal Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: To determine frequency, stage and grade of placental histologic acute maternal inflammatory response (MIR) and fetal inflammatory response (FIR) in meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) in our predominantly African-American population. METHODS: Term placentas with MSAF (n = 310) were evaluated for MIR/ FIR, including stage/grade, and compared with placentas with clear amniotic fluid (AF) (n = 250). MIR/FIR were also evaluated in thick compared to thin MSAF subgroups...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793392/placental-lesions-in-meconium-aspiration-syndrome
#2
Binnari Kim, Soo-Young Oh, Jung-Sun Kim
Background: Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is defined by respiratory distress requiring supplemental oxygen in a meconium-stained neonate. MAS is clinically subclassified as mild, moderate, and severe according to the oxygen requirement. The aims of this study were to compare the histological findings in the placentas of MAS neonates with those of meconium-stained but non-MAS neonates and to analyze the correlation between the severity of MAS and the grade of its histological parameters...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782398/perinatal-outcomes-in-uncomplicated-late-preterm-pregnancies-with-borderline-oligohydramnios
#3
Erdem Sahin, Yusuf Madendag, Ahter Tanay Tayyar, Mefkure Eraslan Sahin, Ilknur Col Madendag, Gokhan Acmaz, Deniz Unsal, Vesile Senol
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the adverse perinatal outcomes in uncomplicated late preterm pregnancies with borderline oligohydramnios. METHODS: A total of 430 pregnant women with an uncomplicated singleton pregnancy at a gestational age of 34 + 0-36 + 6 weeks were included. Borderline oligohydramnios was defined as an amniotic fluid index (AFI) of 5.1-8 cm, which was measured using the four-quadrant technique. Adverse perinatal outcomes were compared between the borderline and normal AFI groups...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774358/-clinical-effect-of-extensively-hydrolyzed-formula-in-preterm-infants-an-analysis-of-327-cases
#4
Wei He, Jia-Hua Pan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect and safety of extensively hydrolyzed formula (EHF) in preterm infants. METHODS: A total of 692 preterm infants between January 2007 and December 2016 were enrolled as subjects. According to the feeding pattern, they were divided into EHF group (327 infants) and standard preterm formula (SPF) group (365 infants). A retrospective analysis was performed for their clinical data during hospitalization, including the incidence of feeding intolerance, time to establish full enteral feeding, time to first excretion of meconium, time to complete excretion of meconium, presence or absence of intestinal infection or neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), serum albumin level within 3 weeks after admission, and time to the appearance of skin jaundice and its duration...
August 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774357/-effect-of-extensively-hydrolyzed-formula-on-growth-and-development-of-infants-with-very-extremely-low-birth-weight
#5
Chun-Yan Gu, Hui-Fen Jiang, Jin-Xiu Wang
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of extensively hydrolyzed formula on the growth and development in very low birth weight (VLBW) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. METHODS: A total of 375 VLBW or ELBW infants were enrolled and divided into an observation group (187 infants) and a control group (188 infants) using a random number table. The infants in the observation group were given extensively hydrolyzed formula, and when the amount of extensively hydrolyzed formula reached 10 mL/time, it was changed to the standard formula for preterm infants...
August 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770128/non-surgical-management-of-bilateral-adrenal-abscess-in-neonates-report-of-two-cases
#6
Ankur Mandelia, J S Kishore, Rajnikant Yadav, Richa Lal
Adrenal hemorrhage is not uncommon in neonates but the development of an adrenal abscess is extremely rare. Bilateral adrenal abscess is even rarer with less than ten cases documented in the medical literature. It may have a fatal outcome if inadequately treated. Here, we present two cases of neonates with history of obstructed labour and meconium aspiration who presented with bilateral adrenal abscesses. The abscesses were successfully treated using ultrasound-guided percutaneous drainage along with administration of appropriate intravenous antibiotics...
April 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768263/saline-enemas-versus-glycerin-suppositories-to-promote-enteral-feeding-in-premature-infants-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Thowfique Ibrahim, Chiang Li Wei, Dianne Bautista, Bhavani Sriram, Li Xiangzhen Fay, Victor Samuel Rajadurai
BACKGROUND: Meconium retention is associated with feeding intolerance. Trials using glycerol and Gastrografin to expedite the evacuation of meconium have failed to generate clinically valid results for efficacy and safety. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the feasibility of aggressive meconium evacuation with saline rectal washout (RW) in very-low-birth-weight infants to reduce the time it took them to reach full enteral feeds. METHODS: We conducted an open-label, pilot, randomized controlled trial (RCT) (birth weight stratified, i...
August 3, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761202/admission-test-and-pregnancy-outcome
#8
Setareh Akhavan, Parvaneh Lak, Fatemeh Rahimi-Sharbaf, Seyed Rahim Mohammadi, Mahboobeh Shirazi
BACKGROUND: The admission test (AT) has been carried out for many years, but there are still debates about the prognostic value of the test. Therefore, we aimed to examine the value of the AT in predicting the adverse outcome in neonates. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 425 pregnant women with normal vaginal delivery were studied between2009 and 2014at Vali-e-Asr Hospital. Based on the results, the women were divided into 2groups of normal and abnormal ATs...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758531/early-versus-delayed-amniotomy-during-labor-induction-with-oxytocin-in-women-with-bishop-s-score-of-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-6-a-randomized-trial
#9
Anju Bala, Rashmi Bagga, Jasvinder Kalra, Sourabh Dutta
OBJECTIVE: To study effect of "early amniotomy" {initiating induction of labor (IOL) with amniotomy followed by oxytocin} versus "late amniotomy" (initiating IOL with oxytocin followed by amniotomy 4-8 hours later) in induced labor. METHODS AND MATERIALS: 150 women with Bishop's score of ≥ 6 undergoing IOL were randomized into "early amniotomy" and "delayed amniotomy". RESULTS: Early amniotomy resulted in a reduced induction-delivery interval (IDI) (7...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751398/draft-genome-sequence-of-enterococcus-faecalis-dd14-a-bacteriocinogenic-lactic-acid-bacterium-with-anti-clostridium-activity
#10
Yanath Belguesmia, Valérie Leclère, Matthieu Duban, Eric Auclair, Djamel Drider
We report the draft genome sequence of Enterococcus faecalis DD14, a strain isolated from meconium of a healthy newborn at Roubaix Hospital (France). The strain displayed antagonism against a set of Gram-positive bacteria through concomitant production of lactic acid and bacteriocin. The genome has a size of 2,893,365 bp and a 37.3% G+C ratio and is predicted to contain at least 2,755 coding sequences and 62 RNAs.
July 27, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750937/castor-oil-for-induction-of-labor-in-post-date-pregnancies-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Ronit Gilad, Hagit Hochner, Bella Savitsky, Shay Porat, Drorith Hochner-Celnikier
BACKGROUND: Castor oil is a substance used for labor induction in an inpatient setting. However, its efficacy as an agent for the induction of labor, for post-date pregnancies in an outpatient setup is unknown. OBJECTIVE: Efficacy of castor oil as an agent for the induction of labor, for post-date pregnancies in outpatient settings. METHODS: Eighty-one women with a low-risk post-date singleton pregnancy with a Bishop score≤7, without effective uterine contractions were randomized to the intervention, 60ml of castor oil, or the control, 60ml of sun-flower oil...
July 24, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750370/social-birth-rites-of-passage-for-the-newborn
#12
Michael Obladen
Rites of passage mark important changes during human life and, for the neonate, its transition from intrauterine life into society. Their original intent was to purify the body from blood and meconium. But the cleansing rites had a spiritual dimension from the very start. When the rites of Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Jewish, Greek, Roman, Hindu, Nordic, Muslim, Maya, and Christian cultures are briefly compared, they reveal a remarkable similarity. What most rites had in common was the cleansing of the body, or sprinkling it with water; special clothing; the exorcism of evil spirits; blessings and prayers for good spirits; and a name-giving ceremony and a feast for family, relatives, and friends...
July 28, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747840/an-evaluation-of-stillbirths-in-%C3%A4-stanbul-by-examining-death-certificates
#13
Aylin Yetim, Fahriye Aysun Buzcu, Esra Devecioğlu, Gülbin Gökçay, Zeynep İnce
AIM: Despite the fact that the frequency of stillbirth is estimated to be about the same as that of early neonatal deaths, stillbirth records and statistics are not kept on a regular basis worldwide and their causes cannot be determined. The aim of our study was to examine the causes and characteristics of stillbirths in Istanbul. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All death certificates of 2011 archived in 8 District Cemetery Directorships, which manage 322 cemeteries within the boundaries of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, were examined...
June 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747615/isolated-congenital-megacystis-with-spontaneous-resolution-a-case-report
#14
Toshihiko Nakamura
The patient was a male infant with an antenatal diagnosis of huge intraabdominal mass. Prenatal ultrasound at 35 weeks gestation revealed a markedly enlarged cystic mass in the lower abdomen. After birth at 38 weeks, the infant was allowed to void spontaneously and passed meconium. Ultrasonography showed an enlarged bladder with wall thickness of 2.9 mm and no hydronephrosis. Voiding cystourethrograms showed no evidence of vesicoureteral reflex and posterior urethral valve. The post-void residuals were 15 mL at 11 days of life, 5 mL at 1 month and 0 mL at 5 months...
July 26, 2017: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744798/ultrasound-guided-hydrostatic-enema-for-meconium-obstruction-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-a-preliminary-report
#15
Tatsuo Nakaoka, Satomi Nishimoto, Yukino Tsukazaki, Kenji Santo, Atsushi Higashio, Masafumi Kamiyama, Shuichiro Uehara, Akihiro Yoneda, Yuko Tanaka, Hiroyuki Ichiba
Meconium obstruction (MO) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants is a challenging disease to treat. We performed ultrasound-guided hydrostatic enema on six ELBW infants diagnosed with MO. We consider this procedure to be safe and effective, and recommend it as a treatment for MO in ELBW infants.
July 25, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744259/development-of-human-breast-milk-microbiota-associated-mice-as-a-method-to-identify-breast-milk-bacteria-capable-of-colonizing-gut
#16
Xiaoxin Wang, Huifang Lu, Zhou Feng, Jie Cao, Chao Fang, Xianming Xu, Liping Zhao, Jian Shen
Human breast milk is recognized as one of multiple important sources of commensal bacteria for infant gut. Previous studies searched for the bacterial strains shared between breast milk and infant feces by isolating bacteria and performing strain-level bacterial genotyping, but only limited number of milk bacteria were identified to colonize infant gut, including bacteria from Bifidobacterium, Staphylococcus, Lactobacillus, and Escherichia/Shigella. Here, to identify the breast milk bacteria capable of colonizing gut without the interference of bacteria of origins other than the milk or the necessity to analyze infant feces, normal chow-fed germ-free mice were orally inoculated with the breast milk collected from a mother 2 days after vaginal delivery...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734808/-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection-manifesting-as-neonatal-respiratory-distress-in-an-hiv-exposed-uninfected-newborn
#17
A Pham, H El Mjati, N Nathan, F Kieffer, D Mitanchez
BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is one of the most common intrauterine infections, affecting approximately 1% of all live births. There are few reports on congenital CMV infections manifesting as isolated pneumonitis. CASE REPORT: We report a case of congenital CMV with neonatal respiratory distress affecting an HIV-exposed uninfected infant. This infant required noninvasive ventilation beginning within the first 15min of life. The initial chest X-ray showed diffuse bilateral ground-glass opacifications...
July 19, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708464/effect-of-whole-body-hypothermia-on-surfactant-function-when-amniotic-fluid-is-meconium-stained
#18
Chiara Autilio, Mercedes Echaide, Valentina Dell'Orto, Jesus Perez-Gil, Daniele De Luca
We provide the first complete biophysical study of surfactant by captive bubble surfactometry from a neonate with meconium-stained amniotic fluid under controlled whole body hypothermia. Surfactant function improves after 48 hours of hypothermia, as surfactant cholesterol decreases. These findings partially explain positive effect of hypothermia on respiratory outcomes during meconium aspiration syndrome. A larger study including several neonates with or without lung disease is being conducted to better define the effect of hypothermia on surfactant function...
July 14, 2017: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693597/clinical-outcome-and-risk-factors-of-neonatal-sepsis-among-neonates-in-felege-hiwot-referral-hospital-bahir-dar-amhara-regional-state-north-west-ethiopia-2016-a-retrospective-chart-review
#19
Tilahun Tewabe, Seida Mohammed, Yibeltal Tilahun, Birhanie Melaku, Mequanint Fenta, Tsigiereda Dagnaw, Amare Belachew, Ashagre Molla, Habte Belete
BACKGROUND: Sepsis remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality among neonates. The risk factors and clinical outcomes of sepsis are poorly understood. Most cases of sepsis occurred mostly within the first week of newborns life related to perinatal risk factors. Late onset sepsis is related to hospital acquired infections which is seen after seven days of age. The purpose of this study was to assess clinical outcome and risk factors of neonatal sepsis in Felege Hiwot referral hospital Bahir Dar, North West Ethiopia...
July 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691322/bile-acid-levels-and-risk-of-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-in-intrahepatic-cholestasis-of-pregnancy-a-meta-analysis
#20
Donghua Cui, Yongxing Zhong, Lin Zhang, Hechun Du
AIM: We aimed to determine the association between maternal total bile acid (TBA) levels and the risks of adverse perinatal outcomes in pregnant women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) based on a meta-analysis study. METHODS: We searched PubMed for articles published from 2000 to 2015 with a focus on ICP and restriction to the English language. The main perinatal outcomes were preterm birth (PTB), meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF), asphyxia, or respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
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