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V L N Brandao, X Dai, E M Paula, L G Silva, M I Marcondes, T Shenkoru, S R Poulson, A P Faciola
Camelina is a drought- and salt-tolerant oil seed, which in total ether extract (EE) contains up to 74% polyunsaturated fatty acids. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of replacing calcium salts of palm oil (Megalac, Church & Dwight Co. Inc., Princeton, NJ) with camelina seed (CS) on ruminal fermentation, digestion, and flows of fatty acids (FA) and AA in a dual-flow continuous culture system when supplemented at 5 or 8% dietary EE. Diets were randomly assigned to 8 fermentors in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design, with four 10-d experimental periods consisting of 7 d for diet adaptation and 3 d for sample collection...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Abdul Basit, Junquan Liu, Ting Miao, Fengzhen Zheng, Kashif Rahim, Huiqiang Lou, Wei Jiang
The xylanases with high specific activity and resistance to harsh conditions are of high practical value for biomass utilization. In the present study, two new GH11 xylanase genes, MYCTH_56237 and MYCTH_49824 , have been cloned from thermophilic fungus Myceliophthora thermophila and expressed in Pichia pastoris . The specific activities of purified xylanases reach approximately 1,533.7 and 1,412.5 U/mg, respectively. Based on multiple template-based homology modeling, the structures of their catalytic domains are predicted...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
S Leanne Dillard, Ana I Roca-Fernández, Melissa D Rubano, Kyle R Elkin, Kathy J Soder
The aim of the current study was to determine nutrient digestibility, VFA production, N metabolism, and CH4 production of canola (Brassica napus L.), rapeseed (B. napus L.), turnip (B. rapa L.), and annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) fed with orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) in continuous culture. Diets were randomly assigned to fermentors in a 4 × 4 Latin square design using 7 d for adaptation and 3 d for collection. Diets were: 1) 50% orchardgrass + 50% annual ryegrass (ARG); 2) 50% orchardgrass + 50% canola (CAN); 3) 50% orchardgrass + 50% rapeseed (RAP); and 4) 50% orchardgrass + 50% turnip (TUR)...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Xiuqing Yang, Yanmei Chen, Ruiwei Wu, Zhiqiang Nie, Zuoying Han, Kaili Tan, Linyong Chen
Pilot-scale fermentation is one of the important processes for achieving industrialization of biogenic coalbed methane (CBM), although the mechanism of biogenic CBM remains unknown. In this study, 16 samples of formation water from CBM production wells were collected and enriched for methane production, and the methane content was between 3.1 and 21.4%. The formation water of maximum methane production was used as inoculum source for pilot-scale fermentation. The maximum methane yield of the pilot-scale fermentation with lump anthracite amendment reached 13...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Ling Liu, Jian Pan, Zilong Wang, Xiaohui Yan, Dong Yang, Xiangcheng Zhu, Ben Shen, Yanwen Duan, Yong Huang
Tiancimycin (TNM) A, a recently discovered enediyne natural product from Streptomyces sp. CB03234, showed rapid and complete killing of cancer cells and could be used as a payload in antibody drug conjugates. The low yield of TNM A in the wild-type strain promoted us to use ribosome engineering and fermentation optimization for its yield improvement. The Streptomyces sp. CB03234-R-16 mutant strain with a L422P mutation in RpoB, the RNA polymerase β-subunit, was obtained from the rifamycin-resistant screening...
March 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Yuanfeng Lin, Xinlei Xie, Bo Yuan, Jie Fu, Linyi Liu, Hua Tian, Tao Chen, Dongping He
This study is aimed to explore the optimal conditions of cell disruption in the extraction algae oil process, using alkaline protease to disrupt cell of Schizochytrium sp. to extract oil in this paper. The effects of enzymatic lysis temperature, enzymatic lysis time, enzyme dosage and pH value on oil yield and DHA yield were studied. Through the combination of single factor test and response surface design, the optimal cell disruption conditions were screened out. The fatty acid composition of algal oil was analyzed by gas chromatography-massspectrometry (GC-MS)...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Oleo Science
E Ramos Morales, G Rossi, M Cattin, E Jones, R Braganca, C J Newbold
Due to the antimicrobial activity of flavonoids it has been suggested that they may provide a possible alternative to antibiotics to stimulate productivity and reduce the environmental load of ruminant agriculture. We hypothesised that an extract of liquorice, rich in prenylated isoflavonoids and particularly glabridin, might potentially improve the efficiency of nitrogen utilization and reduce methane production in the rumen. When added to a long-term rumen simulating fermentor (RUSITEC) liquorice extract at 1 g L-1 decreased ammonia production (-51%; P < 0...
January 19, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Guan Wang, Junfei Zhao, Cees Haringa, Wenjun Tang, Jianye Xia, Ju Chu, Yingping Zhuang, Siliang Zhang, Amit T Deshmukh, Walter van Gulik, Joseph J Heijnen, Henk J Noorman
In a 54 m3 large-scale penicillin fermentor, the cells experience substrate gradient cycles at the timescales of global mixing time about 20-40 s. Here, we used an intermittent feeding regime (IFR) and a two-compartment reactor (TCR) to mimic these substrate gradients at laboratory-scale continuous cultures. The IFR was applied to simulate substrate dynamics experienced by the cells at full scale at timescales of tens of seconds to minutes (30 s, 3 min and 6 min), while the TCR was designed to simulate substrate gradients at an applied mean residence time (τc) of 6 min...
January 15, 2018: Microbial Biotechnology
Yong Zhou, Li-Rong Han, Hong-Wei He, Bu Sang, Dai-Lin Yu, Jun-Tao Feng, Xing Zhang
The effects of temperature, agitation and aeration on glycoprotein GP-1 production by Streptomyces kanasenisi ZX01 in bench-scale fermentors were systematically investigated. The maximum final GP-1 production was achieved at an agitation speed of 200 rpm, aeration rate of 2.0 vvm and temperature of 30 °C. By using a dynamic gassing out method, the effects of agitation and aeration on volumetric oxygen transfer coefficient (kLa) were also studied. The values of volumetric oxygen transfer coefficient in the logarithmic phase increased with increase of agitation speed (from 14...
January 11, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Yong Zhou, Xin Zhou, Dai-Lin Yu, Bu Sang, Jun-Tao Feng, Li-Rong Han, Xing Zhang
GP-1 is a novel glycoprotein produced by Streptomyces kanasenisi ZX01 that was isolated from soil near Kanas Lake with significant bioactivity against tobacco mosaic virus. However, extremely low fermentation production has largely hindered further research and market applications on glycoprotein GP-1. In this study, response surface methodology was used to optimize fermentation conditions in a shake flask for higher glycoprotein GP-1 production. When the optimized fermentation conditions were inoculum volume of 6%, initial pH of 6...
January 10, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Anil Shrestha, Ramesh Prasad Pandey, Dipesh Dhakal, Prakash Parajuli, Jae Kyung Sohng
Two plant-originated C-glucosyltransferases (CGTs) UGT708D1 from Glycine max and GtUF6CGT1 from Gentiana triflora were accessed for glucosylation of selected flavones chrysin and luteolin. Uridine diphosphate (UDP)-glucose pool was enhanced in Escherichia coli cell cytosol by introducing heterologous UDP-glucose biosynthetic genes, i.e., glucokinase (glk), phosphoglucomutase (pgm2), and glucose 1-phosphate uridylyltransferase (galU), along with glucose facilitator diffusion protein from (glf) from different organisms, in a multi-monocistronic vector with individual T7 promoter, ribosome binding site, and terminator for each gene...
January 7, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Yukihiro Kitade, Ryoma Hashimoto, Masako Suda, Kazumi Hiraga, Masayuki Inui
Corynebacterium glutamicum was metabolically engineered to produce 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (4-HBA), a valuable aromatic compound used as a raw material for the production of liquid crystal polymers and paraben. C. glutamicum was found to have a higher tolerance to 4-HBA toxicity than previously reported hosts used for the production of genetically engineered 4-HBA. To obtain higher titers of 4-HBA, we employed a stepwise overexpression of all seven target genes in the shikimate pathway in C. glutamicum Specifically, multiple chromosomal integrations of a mutated aroG from Escherichia coli, encoding a DAHP synthase, and wild-type aroCKB from C...
January 5, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Qianni Liu, Meijuan Xu, Rongzhen Zhang, Meizhou Wang, Xian Zhang, Taowei Yang, Zhiming Rao
Arginine deiminase (ADI) was first high-efficient expressed in Corynebacterium crenatum SYPA 5-5. The ADI was purified by Ni-NTA affinity chromatography and SDS-PAGE analysis showed the molecular weight (MW) was 46.8 kDa. The optimal temperature and pH of ADI were 37 ℃ and 6.5 respectively. The Michaelis constant was 12.18 mmol/L and the maximum velocity was 0.36 μmol/(min·mL). Under optimal conditions, 300 g/L of arginine was transformed and the productivity reach 8 g/(L·h). The recombinant strain was cultivated in a 5-L fermentor and used for whole-cell transformation of 300 g/L arginine, under repeated-batch bioconversion, the cumulative production reached 1 900 g/L...
November 25, 2017: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Jian Zhang, Jie Yuan, Wen-Xue Zhang, Fang Tu, Ya Jiang, Chuan-Ze Sun
A novel and effective process was put forward for converting rice straw into feed by combining diluted acid hydrolysis and ammonization with Rhodospirillum rubrum fermentation. After pretreatment with dilute sulfuric or phosphoric acid (1%, w/w) at 100°C, materials were subjected to fermentation under several gases (N2 , CO2 , and air) and different light intensities in a 2-L fermentor. The key indexes of feed for fermented materials were estimated and several toxic substances were investigated during the fermentation...
January 2, 2018: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
Wei Zeng, Guiguang Chen, Ye Guo, Bin Zhang, Mengna Dong, Yange Wu, Jun Wang, Zhiqun Che, Zhiqun Liang
Poly-γ-glutamic acid (γ-PGA) is a promising microbial polymer with wide applications in industry, agriculture and medicine. In this study, a novel glutamate-independent γ-PGA producing strain with thermotolerant characteristics was isolated and identified as Bacillus subtilis GXG-5, then its product was also characterized. The fermentation process was optimized by single-factor tests, and results showed that high temperature (50 °C) was especially suitable for the γ-PGA production by GXG-5. The γ-PGA yield reached 19...
November 25, 2017: AMB Express
Abdullah A Loman, S M M Islam, Lu-Kwang Ju
Arabitol is a low-calorie sugar alcohol with anti-cariogenic properties. Enzymatic hydrolysate of soybean flour is a new renewable biorefinery feedstock containing hexose, pentose, and organic nitrogen sources. Arabitol production by Debaryomyces hansenii using soybean flour hydrolysate was investigated. Effects of medium composition, operating conditions, and culture stage (growing or stationary phase) were studied. Production was also compared at different culture volumes to understand the effect of dissolved oxygen concentration (DO)...
November 17, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Shuhei Noda, Tomokazu Shirai, Yutaro Mori, Sachiko Oyama, Akihiko Kondo
Maleate is one of the most important dicarboxylic acids and is used to produce various polymer compounds and pharmaceuticals. Herein, microbial production of maleate is successfully achieved, to our knowledge for the first time, using genetically modified Escherichia coli. A synthetic pathway of maleate is constructed in E. coli by combining the polyketide biosynthesis pathway and benzene ring cleavage pathway. The metabolic engineering approach used to fine-tune the synthetic pathway drastically improves maleate production and demonstrates that one of the rate limiting steps exists in the conversion of chorismate to gentisate...
October 27, 2017: Nature Communications
Kazushige Katsura, Takayoshi Matsuda, Yuri Tomabechi, Mayumi Yonemochi, Kazuharu Hanada, Noboru Ohsawa, Kensaku Sakamoto, Chie Takemoto, Mikako Shirouzu
Cell-free protein synthesis is a useful method for preparing proteins for functional or structural analyses. However, batch-to-batch variability with regard to protein synthesis activity remains a problem for large-scale production of cell extract in the laboratory. To address this issue, we have developed a novel procedure for large-scale preparation of bacterial cell extract with high protein synthesis activity. The developed procedure comprises cell cultivation using a fermentor, harvesting and washing of cells by tangential flow filtration, cell disruption with high-pressure homogenizer and continuous diafiltration...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Biochemistry
Jian Zhang, Jie Yuan, Wen-Xue Zhang, Wen-You Zhu, Fang Tu, Ya Jiang, Chuan-Ze Sun
This paper reports an effective process for converting soy sauce residue into feeds by combining moderate acid hydrolysis and ammonization with Rhodospirillum rubrum fermentation. After pretreatment with dilute sulfuric or phosphoric acid (1%, w/w) at 100 °C, materials were subjected to fermentation under several gases (N2, CO2, and air) and different light intensities in a 2-L fermentor. Following sulfuric acid treatment, the true protein increased from 188 to 362 g kg(-1) and the crude fiber decreased from 226 to 66 g kg(-1) after fermentation at 0...
September 25, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Xiaojie Duan, Yu Liu, Xin You, Zhengqiang Jiang, Shaoxiang Yang, Shaoqing Yang
BACKGROUND: Butyl butyrate has been considered as a promising fuel source because it is a kind of natural ester which can be converted from renewable and sustainable lignocellulosic biomass. Compared with the conventional chemical methods for butyl butyrate production, the enzymatic approach has been demonstrated to be more attractive, mainly owing to the mild reaction conditions, high specificity, low energy consumption, and environmental friendliness. Cutinases play an important role in the butyl butyrate production process...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
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