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Arpita Basu, Sarmishtha Ray, Supriyo Chowdhury, Arnab Sarkar, Deba Prasad Mandal, Shamee Bhattacharjee, Surekha Kundu
Biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles of distinct geometric shapes with highly functional protein coats without additional capping steps is rarely reported. This study describes green synthesis of protein-coated gold nanoparticles for the first time from the edible, mycorrhizal fungus Tricholoma crassum (Berk.) Sacc. The nanoparticles were of the size range 5-25 nm and of different shapes. Spectroscopic analysis showed red shift of the absorption maxima with longer reaction period during production and blue shift with increase in pH...
May 16, 2018: Nanoscale Research Letters
Saravanan Tamilselvan, Arulsamy Mary Manonmani, Purushothaman Jambulingam
Background & objectives: Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis (Bti) formulations are presently being used for insect control. In this study, a water dispersible powder (WDP) formulation using fly ash (FA) as a carrier material was developed and studied for its activity against the larval stages of major mosquito vector species. Methods: An indigenous isolate Bti (Vector Control Research Centre B17) was mass produced using a 100 l fermentor in soya-based medium...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Yilin Ren, Chen Ling, Ivan Hajnal, Qiong Wu, Guo-Qiang Chen
High-cell-density cultivation is an effective way to improve the productivity of microbial fermentations and in turn reduce the cost of the final products, especially in the case of intracellular products. Halomonas bluephagenesis TD01 is a halophilic platform bacterium for the next generation of industrial biotechnology with a native PHA synthetic pathway, able to grow under non-sterile continuous fermentation conditions. A selection strategy for mutant strains that can grow to a high cell density was developed...
April 5, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Jing Yang, Wenwen Yang, Jun Feng, Jie Chen, Min Jiang, XiangZou
Polymalic acid (PMA) is a water-soluble biopolymer produced by the yeast-like fungus Aureobasidium pullulans. In this study, the physiological response of A. pullulans against exogenous alcohols stress was investigated. Interestingly, ethanol stress was an effective inducer of enhanced PMA yield, although cell growth was slightly inhibited. The stress-responsive gene malate synthase (mls), which is involved in the glyoxylate shunt, was identified and was found to be regulated by exogenous ethanol stress. Therefore, an engineered strain, YJ-MLS, was constructed by overexpressing the endogenous mls gene, which increased the PMA titer by 16...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Biotechnology
D Ye, S K R Karnati, B Wagner, J L Firkins, M L Eastridge, J M Aldrich
The interaction of monensin and essential oil was hypothesized to suppress protozoa and methane production while maintaining normal rumen function. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of feeding monensin (MON) and CinnaGar (CIN, a commercial blend of cinnamaldehyde and garlic oil) on ruminal fermentation characteristics. Continuous culture fermentors (n = 4) were maintained in 4 experimental periods in a 4 × 4 Latin square design. Four dietary treatments were arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial: (1) control diet, 37 g/d of dry matter (40 g/d at ∼92...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
HongLing Liu, ShaoJie Yang, Qiang Liu, Ruiming Wang, Tengfei Wang
The process for production of trehalose using trehalose synthase (TreS) to convert maltose into trehalose in one step is highly desirable in the industry. Nonetheless, the studies on industrial-scale production of trehalose by recombinant TreS in Escherichia coli are still scarce. In this study, a TreS from Pseudomonas putida ATCC47054 was expressed in E. coli BL21(DE3) via plasmids pET15b and pET22b. pET15b-treS showed better plasmid stability and TreS expression, which revealed that the highest activity, 39866±1420U/(g dry cell weight) at the final lactose concentration of 4g/L for 7h at 27°C in a 5-L fermentor at pH 8...
June 2018: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
Jianwen Ye, Wuzhe Huang, Dongsheng Wang, Fengyi Chen, Jin Yin, Teng Li, Haoqian Zhang, Guo-Qiang Chen
Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate), short as P(3HB-co-4HB), is one of the most valuable biopolymers because of its flexible mechanical properties. In this study, our goal is to establish the scaled-up process of low cost P(3HB-co-4HB) from a 7.5-L fermentor to 1-m3 and 5-m3 industrial bioreactors, respectively, using Halomonas bluephagenesis TD40 grown on glucose, γ-butyrolactone and waste corn steep liquor (CSL) as substrates, under open non-sterile and fed-batch or continuous conditions. The non-sterile process enables the energy reduction for less steam consumption...
March 26, 2018: Biotechnology Journal
Fajun Deng, Yu Pan, Fei Chang, Wei Fang, Zemin Fang, Yazhong Xiao
In producing recombinant β-glucosidase in Escherichia coli by high-cell density cultivation (HCDC), insufficient soluble oxygen is always a problem. To address it, Vitreoscilla hemoglobin (VHb) was introduced into Escherichia coli by the bicistron and T₇ promoter expression systems, to improve soluble oxygen by bacterial cells and thereby to enhance the biomass and recombinant β-glucosidase production. In the case of bicistron expression system, cell density in shaking flask reached OD₆₀₀=(4.24±0...
March 25, 2018: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Fu-Chun Jiang, He-Nan Zhang, Di Wu, Na Feng, Zhong Zhang, Jing-Song Zhang, Jie Feng, Yan Yang
Kinetic models and temperature control strategy were established to reflect the effect of temperature (22 °C-30 °C) on flavonoid production of Phellinus baumii (P. baumii) in 6-L fermentor. A modified Logistic equation, Hinshelwood model and Luedeking Piret equation were used to describe mycelial growth and product formation. The influence of temperature on the estimated kinetic parameters was further studied by regression analysis. Based on kinetic parameters analysis, the new temperature control strategy was proposed...
March 23, 2018: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
V L N Brandao, X Dai, E M Paula, L G Silva, M I Marcondes, T Shenkoru, S R Poulson, A P Faciola
Camelina is a drought- and salt-tolerant oil seed, which in total ether extract (EE) contains up to 74% polyunsaturated fatty acids. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of replacing calcium salts of palm oil (Megalac, Church & Dwight Co. Inc., Princeton, NJ) with camelina seed (CS) on ruminal fermentation, digestion, and flows of fatty acids (FA) and AA in a dual-flow continuous culture system when supplemented at 5 or 8% dietary EE. Diets were randomly assigned to 8 fermentors in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design, with four 10-d experimental periods consisting of 7 d for diet adaptation and 3 d for sample collection...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Abdul Basit, Junquan Liu, Ting Miao, Fengzhen Zheng, Kashif Rahim, Huiqiang Lou, Wei Jiang
The xylanases with high specific activity and resistance to harsh conditions are of high practical value for biomass utilization. In the present study, two new GH11 xylanase genes, MYCTH_56237 and MYCTH_49824 , have been cloned from thermophilic fungus Myceliophthora thermophila and expressed in Pichia pastoris . The specific activities of purified xylanases reach approximately 1,533.7 and 1,412.5 U/mg, respectively. Based on multiple template-based homology modeling, the structures of their catalytic domains are predicted...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Sandra Leanne Dillard, Ana I Roca-Fernández, Melissa D Rubano, Kyle R Elkin, Kathy J Soder
The aim of the current study was to determine nutrient digestibility, VFA production, N metabolism, and CH4 production of canola (Brassica napus L.), rapeseed (B. napus L.), turnip (Brassica rapa L.), and annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) fed with orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) in continuous culture. Diets were randomly assigned to fermentors in a 4 × 4 Latin square design using 7 d for adaptation and 3 d for collection. Diets were: 1) 50% orchardgrass + 50% annual ryegrass (ARG); 2) 50% orchardgrass + 50% canola (CAN); 3) 50% orchardgrass + 50% rapeseed (RAP); and 4) 50% orchardgrass + 50% turnip (TUR)...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Xiuqing Yang, Yanmei Chen, Ruiwei Wu, Zhiqiang Nie, Zuoying Han, Kaili Tan, Linyong Chen
Pilot-scale fermentation is one of the important processes for achieving industrialization of biogenic coalbed methane (CBM), although the mechanism of biogenic CBM remains unknown. In this study, 16 samples of formation water from CBM production wells were collected and enriched for methane production, and the methane content was between 3.1 and 21.4%. The formation water of maximum methane production was used as inoculum source for pilot-scale fermentation. The maximum methane yield of the pilot-scale fermentation with lump anthracite amendment reached 13...
April 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Ling Liu, Jian Pan, Zilong Wang, Xiaohui Yan, Dong Yang, Xiangcheng Zhu, Ben Shen, Yanwen Duan, Yong Huang
Tiancimycin (TNM) A, a recently discovered enediyne natural product from Streptomyces sp. CB03234, showed rapid and complete killing of cancer cells and could be used as a payload in antibody drug conjugates. The low yield of TNM A in the wild-type strain promoted us to use ribosome engineering and fermentation optimization for its yield improvement. The Streptomyces sp. CB03234-R-16 mutant strain with a L422P mutation in RpoB, the RNA polymerase β-subunit, was obtained from the rifamycin-resistant screening...
March 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Yuanfeng Lin, Xinlei Xie, Bo Yuan, Jie Fu, Linyi Liu, Hua Tian, Tao Chen, Dongping He
This study is aimed to explore the optimal conditions of cell disruption in the extraction algae oil process, using alkaline protease to disrupt cell of Schizochytrium sp. to extract oil in this paper. The effects of enzymatic lysis temperature, enzymatic lysis time, enzyme dosage and pH value on oil yield and DHA yield were studied. Through the combination of single factor test and response surface design, the optimal cell disruption conditions were screened out. The fatty acid composition of algal oil was analyzed by gas chromatography-massspectrometry (GC-MS)...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Oleo Science
E Ramos-Morales, G Rossi, M Cattin, E Jones, R Braganca, C J Newbold
Due to the antimicrobial activity of flavonoids, it has been suggested that they may provide a possible alternative to antibiotics to stimulate productivity and reduce the environmental load of ruminant agriculture. We hypothesised that an extract of liquorice, rich in prenylated isoflavonoids and particularly glabridin, might potentially improve the efficiency of nitrogen utilisation and reduce methane production in the rumen. When added to a long-term rumen simulating fermentor (RUSITEC), liquorice extract at 1 g L-1 decreased ammonia production (-51%; P < 0...
March 1, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Guan Wang, Junfei Zhao, Cees Haringa, Wenjun Tang, Jianye Xia, Ju Chu, Yingping Zhuang, Siliang Zhang, Amit T Deshmukh, Walter van Gulik, Joseph J Heijnen, Henk J Noorman
In a 54 m3 large-scale penicillin fermentor, the cells experience substrate gradient cycles at the timescales of global mixing time about 20-40 s. Here, we used an intermittent feeding regime (IFR) and a two-compartment reactor (TCR) to mimic these substrate gradients at laboratory-scale continuous cultures. The IFR was applied to simulate substrate dynamics experienced by the cells at full scale at timescales of tens of seconds to minutes (30 s, 3 min and 6 min), while the TCR was designed to simulate substrate gradients at an applied mean residence time (τc) of 6 min...
January 15, 2018: Microbial Biotechnology
Yong Zhou, Li-Rong Han, Hong-Wei He, Bu Sang, Dai-Lin Yu, Jun-Tao Feng, Xing Zhang
The effects of temperature, agitation and aeration on glycoprotein GP-1 production by Streptomyces kanasenisi ZX01 in bench-scale fermentors were systematically investigated. The maximum final GP-1 production was achieved at an agitation speed of 200 rpm, aeration rate of 2.0 vvm and temperature of 30 °C. By using a dynamic gassing out method, the effects of agitation and aeration on volumetric oxygen transfer coefficient ( k L a) were also studied. The values of volumetric oxygen transfer coefficient in the logarithmic phase increased with increase of agitation speed (from 14...
January 11, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Yong Zhou, Xin Zhou, Dai-Lin Yu, Bu Sang, Jun-Tao Feng, Li-Rong Han, Xing Zhang
GP-1 is a novel glycoprotein produced by Streptomyces kanasenisi ZX01 that was isolated from soil near Kanas Lake with significant bioactivity against tobacco mosaic virus. However, extremely low fermentation production has largely hindered further research and market applications on glycoprotein GP-1. In this study, response surface methodology was used to optimize fermentation conditions in a shake flask for higher glycoprotein GP-1 production. When the optimized fermentation conditions were inoculum volume of 6%, initial pH of 6...
January 10, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Anil Shrestha, Ramesh Prasad Pandey, Dipesh Dhakal, Prakash Parajuli, Jae Kyung Sohng
Two plant-originated C-glucosyltransferases (CGTs) UGT708D1 from Glycine max and GtUF6CGT1 from Gentiana triflora were accessed for glucosylation of selected flavones chrysin and luteolin. Uridine diphosphate (UDP)-glucose pool was enhanced in Escherichia coli cell cytosol by introducing heterologous UDP-glucose biosynthetic genes, i.e., glucokinase (glk), phosphoglucomutase (pgm2), and glucose 1-phosphate uridylyltransferase (galU), along with glucose facilitator diffusion protein from (glf) from different organisms, in a multi-monocistronic vector with individual T7 promoter, ribosome binding site, and terminator for each gene...
February 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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