keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ADHD adult

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240618/diagnosing-and-treating-adhd-in-adults
#1
Debra A Scrandis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239207/psychometric-properties-of-the-impairment-rating-scale-in-samples-of-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#2
Anne E Dawson, Theresa E Egan, Brian T Wymbs
Adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are impaired in numerous domains. However, psychometrically sound measures assessing broad-ranging impairment, particularly brief scales for diagnostic purposes, are scarce. The Impairment Rating Scale (IRS), originally developed to assess ADHD-related impairment in children, has been adapted to a 12-item self-report measure of impairment in adults. In this study, the psychometric properties of the adult IRS were examined in three samples. In Studies 1 and 2, the adult IRS demonstrated good convergent, divergent, and incremental validity among college students and an online sample of adults, respectively...
December 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233062/possible-age-related-progression-of-attentional-impairment-in-adhd-and-its-attenuation-by-past-diagnosis-and-treatment
#3
Joseph Ben-Sheetrit, Hanan Tasker, Lee Avnat, Pavel Golubchik, Abraham Weizman, Iris Manor
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to evaluate attentional impairment in different age groups with ADHD. METHOD: In all, 58 children, 73 adolescents, and 104 adults with ADHD were evaluated using the Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA). Subjects with comorbidities or psychotropic treatment were not included. RESULTS: Considering Response Time Variability (RTV), adults were 10.6 and 4.0 times more likely to be severely impaired (standard score < 40) than children and adolescents, respectively...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227128/noncredible-cognitive-performance-at-clinical-evaluation-of-adult-adhd-an-embedded-validity-indicator-in-a-visuospatial-working-memory-test
#4
Anselm B M Fuermaier, Oliver Tucha, Janneke Koerts, Klaus W Lange, Matthias Weisbrod, Steffen Aschenbrenner, Lara Tucha
The assessment of performance validity is an essential part of the neuropsychological evaluation of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Most available tools, however, are inaccurate regarding the identification of noncredible performance. This study describes the development of a visuospatial working memory test, including a validity indicator for noncredible cognitive performance of adults with ADHD. Visuospatial working memory of adults with ADHD (n = 48) was first compared to the test performance of healthy individuals (n = 48)...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227126/intentional-inattention-detecting-feigned-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-on-the-personality-assessment-inventory
#5
Shannon T Smith, Jennifer Cox, Elyse N Mowle, John F Edens
Given the increasing number of college students seeking Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) diagnoses as well as the potential secondary gains associated with this disorder (e.g., access to stimulant medication, academic accommodations), the detection of malingered symptom presentations in this population is a major concern. The present study examined the ability of validity indicators on the widely used Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991) to distinguish between individuals experiencing genuine ADHD symptoms and individuals instructed to present with ADHD symptomatology for secondary gain...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227125/utility-of-the-conners-adult-adhd-rating-scale-validity-scales-in-identifying-simulated-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-random-responding
#6
Brittany D Walls, Elizabeth R Wallace, Stacey L Brothers, David T R Berry
Recent concern about malingered self-report of symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in college students has resulted in an urgent need for scales that can detect feigning of this disorder. The present study provided further validation data for a recently developed validity scale for the Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scale (CAARS), the CAARS Infrequency Index (CII), as well as for the Inconsistency Index (INC). The sample included 139 undergraduate students: 21 individuals with diagnoses of ADHD, 29 individuals responding honestly, 54 individuals responding randomly (full or half), and 35 individuals instructed to feign...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227124/the-effects-of-symptom-information-coaching-on-the-feigning-of-adult-adhd
#7
Maryanne Edmundson, David T R Berry, Hannah L Combs, Stacey L Brothers, Jordan P Harp, Ande Williams, Stephanie L Rojas, Ahmed K Saleh, April B Scott
College students without ADHD may feign symptoms of ADHD to gain access to stimulant medications and academic accommodations. Unfortunately, research has shown that it can be difficult to discriminate malingered from genuine ADHD symptomatology, especially when evaluations are based only on self-report questionnaires. The present study investigated whether nonclinical college students given no additional information could feign ADHD as successfully as those who were coached on symptoms of the disorder. Similar to Jasinski et al...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227123/the-importance-of-assessing-for-validity-of-symptom-report-and-performance-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-introduction-to-the-special-section-on-noncredible-presentation-in-adhd
#8
Julie A Suhr, David T R Berry
Invalid self-report and invalid performance occur with high base rates in attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; Harrison, 2006; Musso & Gouvier, 2014). Although much research has focused on the development and validation of symptom validity tests (SVTs) and performance validity tests (PVTs) for psychiatric and neurological presentations, less attention has been given to the use of SVTs and PVTs in ADHD evaluation. This introduction to the special section describes a series of studies examining the use of SVTs and PVTs in adult ADHD evaluation...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225995/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-persian-version-of-barkley-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-screening-tool-among-the-elderly
#9
Mostafa Sadeghi, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Shahrokh Amiri
Background: The Barkley Adult Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Rating Scale-IV (BAARS-IV) was developed, and it demonstrated good psychometric properties. The BAARS-IV includes 27 questions on the symptoms of adult ADHD. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the psychometric testing of the Persian version of BAARS-IV among the elderlies in Tabriz City. Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Tabriz City-in the west of Iran-in 2015 via enrolling of 121 old-aged people...
2017: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221785/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptom-severity-and-sleep-problems-in-adult-participants-of-the-netherlands-sleep-registry
#10
Suzan W N Vogel, Denise Bijlenga, Jeroen S Benjamins, Aartjan T F Beekman, J J Sandra Kooij, Eus J W Van Someren
BACKGROUND: We examined whether current overall attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), inattention, or hyperactivity symptom severities are associated with the current presence and persistent history of sleep problems. METHODS: N = 942 participants of the Netherlands Sleep Registry filled out online several validated questionnaires. Regression analyses were performed to assess the association between (1) current overall ADHD symptom severity and the current presence of sleep problems, (2) current ADHD symptom-severity groups and the persistent history of sleep problems, and (3) current inattention or hyperactivity symptom severities and the current presence of sleep problems...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200564/family-loading-and-morbidity-risk-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-patients-with-alcohol-dependence-syndrome
#11
Mahesh Desai, Mrunal Bandawar, Arun Kandasamy, Vivek Benegal
Background: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and substance-use disorders often co-occur. Aim: Aim of this study was to look at the family loading of ADHD (in adults and children) in patients with alcohol-dependence syndrome (ADS) along with the estimation of morbidity risk (MR) for developing ADHD. Methods: Thirty-five male patients with ADS along with their 369 first-degree relatives (FDRs) - both children and adults - were recruited...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199636/identifying-adhd-children-using-hemodynamic-responses-during-a-working-memory-task-measured-by-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#12
Yue Gu, Shuo Miao, Junxia Han, Zhenhu Liang, Gaoxiang Ouyang, Jian Yang, Xiaoli Li
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting children and adults. Previous studies found that functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) can reveal significant group differences in several brain regions between ADHD children and healthy controls during working memory tasks. This study aimed to use fNIRS activation patterns to identify ADHD children from healthy controls. Approach. FNIRS signals from 25 ADHD children and 25 healthy controls performing the n-back task were recorded; then, multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) was used to discriminate ADHD individuals from healthy controls, and classification performance was evaluated for significance by the permutation test...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199502/adhd-among-offenders-prevalence-and-relationship-with-psychopathic-traits
#13
Ana Machado, Diana Rafaela, Tânia Silva, Tânia Veigas, Joaquim Cerejeira
OBJECTIVE: Longitudinal studies have shown a strong association between ADHD and criminal behavior. The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of adult ADHD in a high-security facility and to investigate the relationship between ADHD symptoms and psychopathic traits in criminal offenders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants were recruited between October 2015 and January 2016 among the inmates from a high-security all-male correctional facility in Portugal...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198277/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-historical-neuropsychological-perspective
#14
E Mark Mahone, Martha B Denckla
The behavior patterns of hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention that would ultimately become recognized as Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have been described for centuries. Nevertheless, in the past 35 years, advances in diagnostic methods, identification of biomarkers, and treatments have advanced at an exponential rate. ADHD is now recognized as the most common behavioral disorder of childhood, with risks extending well into adulthood for both males and females, leading to its identification as a significant public health issue...
October 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186993/medication-use-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-a-commercially-insured-population-in-the-united-states
#15
Zhou Zhou, Zheng-Yi Zhou, Sneha S Kelkar, Vanja Sikirica, Jipan Xie, Regina Grebla
OBJECTIVE: To examine real-world prescription medication usage among commercially-insured adults with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the US. METHODS: Adults with ADHD who received ≥1 ADHD medication during 2013 were identified from a large US claims database. Combination therapy was defined as overlap of ≥30 days between the index (first treatment ≥30 days in 2013) and another medication(s). Patients were classified into 6 groups: long-acting (LA) monotherapy, short-acting (SA) monotherapy, LA+LA, SA+SA, LA+SA, and >2 therapies...
November 30, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186287/utility-of-the-personality-assessment-inventory-in-detecting-feigned-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-the-feigned-adult-adhd-index
#16
Stephen L Aita, Channing A Sofko, Benjamin D Hill, Mandi W Musso, Anneliese C Boettcher
Objective: The high potential for secondary gain among college students presenting for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) evaluations highlights the need for psychometrically sound embedded validity indicators. The purpose of this study was to develop new validity indicators specific to feigned ADHD for the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) and compare them to preexisting imbedded PAI validity measures. Method: PAI scales that were theoretically related to feigned ADHD were evaluated...
November 23, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184805/growth-perturbations-from-stimulant-medications-and-inhaled-corticosteroids
#17
REVIEW
Erin Richardson, Tasa Seibert, Naveen K Uli
Stimulant medications for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) for the treatment of asthma are two classes of medications that are commonly prescribed in pediatrics. Among other adverse effects of these medications, growth attenuation has long been a focus of investigation. With stimulants, growth deficits of 1-1.4 cm/year have been observed in the short term, mainly in the first 2 years of treatment, in a dose-dependent manner. Long-term studies on stimulants have reported divergent effects on growth, with many studies showing no clinically significant height deficits by adulthood...
October 2017: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184182/a-quantitative-method-for-microstructural-analysis-of-myelinated-axons-in-the-injured-rodent-brain
#18
Erik van Tilborg, Caren M van Kammen, Caroline G M de Theije, Maurits P A van Meer, Rick M Dijkhuizen, Cora H Nijboer
MRI studies (e.g. using diffusion tensor imaging) revealed that injury to white matter tracts, as observed in for instance perinatal white matter injury and multiple sclerosis, leads to compromised microstructure of myelinated axonal tracts. Alterations in white matter microstructure are also present in a wide range of neurological disorders including autism-spectrum disorders, schizophrenia and ADHD. Whereas currently myelin quantity measures are often used in translational animal models of white matter disease, it can be an important valuable addition to study the microstructural organization of myelination patterns in greater detail...
November 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183102/-spectrum-and-frequency-of-adhd-related-symptoms-and-minimal-cerebral-brain-dysfunctions-in-psychosomatic-inpatients
#19
Michael Linden, Nils Noack, Volker Köllner
Objective ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorders) and MCD (minimal cerebral dysfunctions) can impair participation. They pose difficult diagnostic problems. Aim of the present study has been to describe the frequency and the spectrum of ADHD and MCD in psychosomatic inpatients. Methods 1453 psychosomatic inpatients filled in the ADHS-SB and the MCD-TLS-FB screening for self-reported ADHD and minimal cerebral dysfunctions. Prevalence rates were calculated depending on different intensities of symptoms...
November 28, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181782/when-attention-is-intact-in-adults-with-adhd
#20
Mariel Roberts, Brandon K Ashinoff, F Xavier Castellanos, Marisa Carrasco
Is covert visuospatial attention-selective processing of information in the absence of eye movements-preserved in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)? Previous findings are inconclusive due to inconsistent terminology and suboptimal methodology. To settle this question, we used well-established spatial cueing protocols to investigate the perceptual effects of voluntary and involuntary attention on an orientation discrimination task for a group of adults with ADHD and their neurotypical age-matched and gender-matched controls...
November 27, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
keyword
keyword
17746
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"