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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046039/topical-review-transitional-services-for-teens-and-young-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-process-map-and-proposed-model-to-overcoming-barriers-to-care
#1
Jason M Fogler, David Burke, James Lynch, William J Barbaresi, Eugenia Chan
Objective: To provide a topical review of the personal vulnerabilities and systemic barriers facing transitional age young adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), followed by a proposed model for overcoming those barriers. Methods: Drawing from a growing, but limited, literature on the topic, we outline a process map for identifying and troubleshooting barriers to care in this at-risk population. Results: Young adults with ADHD frequently lack the organizational skills, time management, prioritization, and persistence to manage their health care at an expected level of adult independence...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039979/single-dose-pharmacokinetics-of-hld200-a-delayed-release-and-extended-release-methylphenidate-formulation-in-healthy-adults-and-in-adolescents-and-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#2
Ann Childress, Shailly Mehrotra, Jogarao Gobburu, Angus McLean, Norberto J DeSousa, Bev Incledon
OBJECTIVE: Current extended-release (ER) formulations of psychostimulants used for treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) provide an extended duration of ADHD symptom control; however, the onset of efficacy can be protracted and variable, leaving the early morning untreated. The primary objective was to characterize the single-dose pharmacokinetics and tolerability of HLD200, an evening-dosed, delayed-release (DR) and ER formulation of methylphenidate (MPH), in healthy adults and in adolescents and children with ADHD...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033857/an-update-overview-on-brain-imaging-studies-of-internet-gaming-disorder
#3
REVIEW
Aviv M Weinstein
There are a growing number of studies on structural and functional brain mechanisms underlying Internet gaming disorder (IGD). Recent functional magnetic resonance imaging studies showed that IGD adolescents and adults had reduced gray matter volume in regions associated with attention motor coordination executive function and perception. Adolescents with IGD showed lower white matter (WM) integrity measures in several brain regions that are involved in decision-making, behavioral inhibition, and emotional regulation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033005/adhd-in-children-and-young-people-prevalence-care-pathways-and-service-provision
#4
REVIEW
Kapil Sayal, Vibhore Prasad, David Daley, Tamsin Ford, David Coghill
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood behavioural disorder. Systematic reviews indicate that the community prevalence globally is between 2% and 7%, with an average of around 5%. At least a further 5% of children have substantial difficulties with overactivity, inattention, and impulsivity that are just under the threshold to meet full diagnostic criteria for ADHD. Estimates of the administrative prevalence (clinically diagnosed or recorded) vary worldwide, and have been increasing over time...
October 9, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032769/amphetamine-modestly-improves-conners-continuous-performance-test-performance-in-healthy-adults
#5
David A MacQueen, Arpi Minassian, Brook L Henry, Mark A Geyer, Jared W Young, William Perry
OBJECTIVES: Amphetamine improves vigilance as assessed by continuous performance tests (CPT) in children and adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Less is known, however, regarding amphetamine effects on vigilance in healthy adults. Thus, it remains unclear whether amphetamine produces general enhancement of vigilance or if these effects are constrained to the remediation of deficits in patients with ADHD. METHODS: We tested 69 healthy adults (35 female) on a standardized CPT (Conner's CPT-2) after receiving 10- or 20-mg d-amphetamine or placebo...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028525/risk-taking-and-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-gap-between-real-life-behavior-and-experimental-decision-making
#6
Yehuda Pollak, Reut Shalit, Adi Aran
Adults with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are prone to suboptimal decision making and risk taking. The aim of this study was to test performance on a theoretically-based probabilistic decision making task in well-characterized adults with and without ADHD, and examine the relation between experimental risk taking and history of real-life risk-taking behavior, defined as cigarette, alcohol, and street drug use. University students with and without ADHD completed a modified version of the Cambridge Gambling Test, in which they had to choose between alternatives varied by level of risk, and reported their history of substance use...
October 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028463/assessing-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-the-university-setting
#7
Julie Tinklenberg, Bina Patel, Kathryn Gelman, Ronald Albucher
OBJECTIVE: To address the increasing demand for assessments of Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), the primary author developed a protocol for Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS) at Stanford University's Vaden Student Health Center to improve the efficiency of such evaluations. PARTICIPANTS: As part of quality assurance, we reviewed the charts of Stanford students who sought assessment for ADHD before the protocol was implemented (September 2011- June 2013) and after the protocol was established (October 2013 - August 2014)...
October 13, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024843/multisensory-integration-and-adhd-like-traits-evidence-for-an-abnormal-temporal-integration-window-in-adhd
#8
Maria Panagiotidi, Paul G Overton, Tom Stafford
Abnormalities in multimodal processing have been found in many developmental disorders such as autism and dyslexia. However, surprisingly little empirical work has been conducted to test the integrity of multisensory integration in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The main aim of the present study was to examine links between symptoms of ADHD (as measured using a self-report scale in a healthy adult population) and the temporal aspects of multisensory processing. More specifically, a Simultaneity Judgement (SJ) and a Temporal Order Judgement (TOJ) task were used in participants with low and high levels of ADHD-like traits to measure the temporal integration window and Just-Noticeable Difference (JND) (respectively) between the timing of an auditory beep and a visual pattern presented over a broad range of stimulus onset asynchronies...
October 9, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992747/predictors-and-moderators-of-quality-of-life-among-college-students-with-adhd
#9
Trevor D Pinho, Patricia H Manz, George J DuPaul, Arthur D Anastopoulos, Lisa L Weyandt
OBJECTIVE: The current study examines (a) whether ADHD among college students is associated with differences in perceptions of quality of life (QoL); (b) the moderating roles of comorbidity, drug use, psychopharmacological treatment, and psychosocial treatment; and (c) the total impact of these variables on QoL. METHOD: Participants were college students with and without ADHD ( N = 372) in a longitudinal study. RESULTS: College students with ADHD were more likely to assert negative global QoL evaluations relative to non-ADHD peers...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990258/baseline-connectome-modular-abnormalities-in-the-childhood-phase-of-a-longitudinal-study-on-individuals-with-chromosome-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#10
Liang Zhan, Lisanne M Jenkins, Aifeng Zhang, Giorgio Conte, Angus Forbes, Danielle Harvey, Kathleen Angkustsiri, Naomi J Goodrich-Hunsaker, Courtney Durdle, Aaron Lee, Cyndi Schumann, Owen Carmichael, Kristopher Kalish, Alex D Leow, Tony J Simon
Occurring in at least 1 in 3,000 live births, chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) produces a complex phenotype that includes a constellation of medical complications such as congenital cardiac defects, immune deficiency, velopharyngeal dysfunction, and characteristic facial dysmorphic features. There is also an increased incidence of psychiatric diagnosis, especially intellectual disability and ADHD in childhood, lifelong anxiety, and a strikingly high rate of schizophrenia spectrum disorders, which occur in around 30% of adults with 22q11DS...
October 8, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984497/redefining-adhd-using-an-adult-population-should-inattention-be-viewed-as-a-separate-dimension-from-cognitive-and-physiological-activity-level
#11
Nathan Miller, Frances Prevatt
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to reexamine the latent structure of ADHD and sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) due to issues with construct validity. Two proposed changes to the construct include viewing hyperactivity and sluggishness (hypoactivity) as a single continuum of activity level, and viewing inattention as a separate dimension from activity level. METHOD: Data were collected from 1,398 adults using Amazon's MTurk. A new scale measuring activity level was developed, and scores of Inattention were regressed onto scores of Activity Level using curvilinear regression...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979226/adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-report-high-symptom-levels-of-troubled-sleep-restless-legs-and-cataplexy
#12
Bjørn Bjorvatn, Erlend J Brevik, Astri J Lundervold, Anne Halmøy, Maj-Britt Posserud, Johanne T Instanes, Jan Haavik
Objective: To compare the occurrence of a spectrum of different self-reported sleep problems in adults with ADHD and a control group, and to study the impact of current ADHD medication use and clinical ADHD subtype. Method: Cross-sectional study of 268 clinically ascertained adult ADHD patients (DSM-IV criteria) and 202 randomly selected controls. Sleep problems were self-reported using validated questions, partly from Global Sleep Assessment Questionnaire. Results: ADHD patients reported more sleep problems than controls: Lifetime occurrence of sleep problems (82...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975519/developmental-exposure-to-pesticides-alters-motor-activity-and-coordination-in-rats-sex-differences-and-underlying-mechanisms
#13
B Gómez-Giménez, V Felipo, A Cabrera-Pastor, A Agustí, V Hernández-Rabaza, M Llansola
It has been proposed that developmental exposure to pesticides contributes to increasing prevalence of neurodevelopmental disorders in children, such as attention deficit with hyperactivity (ADHD) and to alterations in coordination skills. However, the mechanisms involved in these alterations remain unclear. We analyzed the effects on spontaneous motor activity and motor coordination of developmental exposure to a representative pesticide of each one of the four main chemical families: organophosphates (chlorpyrifos), carbamates (carbaryl), organochlorines (endosulfan), and pyrethroids (cypermethrin)...
October 3, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974134/the-impact-of-adult-adhd-in-the-quality-of-life-profile
#14
Javier Quintero, Isabel Morales, Rosa Vera, Pilar Zuluaga, Alberto Fernández
OBJECTIVE: In this multicenter, cross-sectional study, we aimed to investigate the quality of life (QoL) and the neuropsychological and clinical characteristics of adults with ADHD with different developmental pathways. METHOD: Our study sample included 25 control (healthy) participants, 31 patients with newly diagnosed ADHD without comorbidities (ADHD-C-D), 31 with newly diagnosed ADHD with comorbidities (ADHD+C-D), and 29 with previously diagnosed ADHD with comorbidities (ADHD+C+D)...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973393/medication-taking-experiences-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review
#15
Mohammed A Rashid, Sophie Lovick, Nadia R Llanwarne
Background: Although attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common condition for which pharmacotherapy is considered an effective treatment, guidelines on the treatment of ADHD have been challenging to implement. Considering the views of patients and caregivers involved in medication-taking could help shed light on these challenges. Objective: This review combines the findings of individual studies of medication-taking experiences in ADHD in order to guide clinicians to effectively share decisions about treatment...
September 16, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965364/bupropion-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-adults
#16
REVIEW
Wim Verbeeck, Geertruida E Bekkering, Wim Van den Noortgate, Cornelis Kramers
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent neurobiological condition, characterised by behavioral and cognitive symptoms such as inattention, impulsivity and/or excessive activity. The syndrome is commonly accompanied by psychiatric comorbidities and is associated with educational and occupational underachievement.Although psychostimulant medications are the mainstay of treatment for ADHD, not all adults respond optimally to, or can tolerate, these medicines...
October 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965069/tobacco-product-use-and-mental-health-status-among-young-adults
#17
Jessica L King, Beth A Reboussin, John Spangler, Jennifer Cornacchione Ross, Erin L Sutfin
BACKGROUND: Individuals with mental health conditions represent a priority population for tobacco control. This population smokes cigarettes at disproportionately higher rates than the general population, but less is known about the relationship between non-cigarette tobacco use and mental health status. METHOD: In 2013, 2370 young adults recruited from 11 colleges in North Carolina and Virginia completed an online survey on tobacco use. We compared past 6-month self-reported mental health diagnosis, past 30-day depression score, and past 7-day stress score to past 30-day cigarette, e-cigarette, waterpipe, cigar, and smokeless tobacco use...
September 23, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964997/screening-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#18
Sébastien Weibel, Rosetta Nicastro, Paco Prada, Pierre Cole, Eva Rüfenacht, Eléonore Pham, Alexandre Dayer, Nader Perroud
BACKGROUND: A valid screening instrument is needed to detect attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in treatment-seeking borderline personality disorder (BPD) patients. We aimed to test the performance of the widely-used Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale v1.1 screener (ASRS-v1.1). METHODS: 317 BPD subjects were systematically assessed for comorbid ADHD and completed the ASRS-v1.1. 79 BPD patients also completed the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS-25). RESULTS: The prevalence of adult ADHD was of 32...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963809/psychiatric-comorbidities-and-use-of-psychotropic-medications-in-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-the-united-states
#19
Richard Houghton, Rose C Ong, Federico Bolognani
This study investigated psychotropic medication usage in two large, cohorts of people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) throughout the calendar year 2014. The cohorts referred to individuals with commercial (employer-sponsored) and Medicaid insurance in the United States. We aimed to understand prescribing patterns of such medications across a wide age-range and in the presence/absence of other clinical and non-clinical characteristics, including psychiatric comorbidities. We described the prevalence and length of prescriptions by age, psychiatric comorbidity and overall...
September 30, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959454/generalised-joint-hypermobility-and-neurodevelopmental-traits-in-a-non-clinical-adult-population
#20
Martin Glans, Susanne Bejerot, Mats B Humble
BACKGROUND: Generalised joint hypermobility (GJH) is reportedly overrepresented among clinical cases of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and developmental coordination disorder (DCD). It is unknown if these associations are dimensional and, therefore, also relevant among non-clinical populations. AIMS: To investigate if GJH correlates with sub-syndromal neurodevelopmental symptoms in a normal population. METHOD: Hakim-Grahame's 5-part questionnaire (5PQ) on GJH, neuropsychiatric screening scales measuring ADHD and ASD traits, and a DCD-related question concerning clumsiness were distributed to a non-clinical, adult, Swedish population (n=1039)...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
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