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Casey Mace, Brandon Eggleston
BACKGROUND: There is little to no scientific data about the health benefits or risks to participating in hot yoga, in particular distinguishing it from the practice of non-hot yoga. AIMS: This study aims to provide some preliminary evidence about the risks and benefits of participating in hot yoga. Future studies will be able to build off the findings herein. METHODS: This study utilized online survey software (Qualtrics) and recruited participants through convenience sampling (n = 157) by targeting yoga websites and online forums...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
Mark Haddad, Ahmed Waqas, Wahhaj Qayyum, Maryam Shams, Saad Malik
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders such as depression are common and rank as major contributors to the global burden of disease. Condition recognition and subsequent management of depression is variable and influenced by the attitudes and beliefs of clinicians as well as those of patients. Most studies examining health professionals' attitudes have been conducted in Western nations; this study explores beliefs and attitudes about depression among doctors working in Lahore, Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey conducted in 2015 used a questionnaire concerning demographics, education in psychiatry, beliefs about depression causes, and attitudes about depression using the Revised Depression Attitude Questionnaire (R-DAQ)...
October 18, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
Marie Maagaard, Johan Heiberg
Patients with pectus excavatum (PE) often describe improvements in exercise stamina following corrective surgery. Studies have investigated the surgical effect on physiological parameters; still, no consensus has yet been reached. Therefore, the aim of this literature review was to describe the cardiac outcome after surgical correction, both at rest and during exercise. In February 2016, a detailed search of the databases PubMed, Medline, and EMBASE was performed. We assessed clinical studies that described cardiac outcomes both before and after surgical correction of PE...
September 2016: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Nobutaka Doba, Yasuharu Tokuda, Keiichirou Saiki, Toshio Kushiro, Masumi Hirano, Yoshihiro Matsubara, Shigeaki Hinohara
Objective It has been increasingly recognized in various clinical areas that self-efficacy promotes the level of competence in patients. The validity, applicability and potential usefulness of a new, simple model for assessing self-efficacy in the elderly with special reference to frailty were investigated for improving elderly patients' accomplishments. Methods The subjects of the present study comprised 257 elderly people who were members of the New Elder Citizen Movement in Japan and their mean age was 82...
2016: Internal Medicine
Nopporn Thangthaeng, Shibu M Poulose, Stacey M Gomes, Marshall G Miller, Donna F Bielinski, Barbara Shukitt-Hale
High consumption of fruits and vegetables has been associated with reduced risk of debilitating diseases and improved cognition in aged populations. These beneficial effects have been attributed to the phytochemicals found in fruits and vegetables, which have previously been shown to be anti-inflammatory and modulate autophagy. Tart cherries contain a variety of potentially beneficial phytochemicals; however, little research has been done to investigate the effects of tart cherry on the aging brain. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if tart cherry supplementation can improve cognitive and motor function of aged rats via modulation of inflammation and autophagy in the brain...
August 30, 2016: Age (2005-)
Casey Mace, Brandon Eggleston
BACKGROUND: There is little to no scientific data about the health benefits or risks to participating in hot yoga, in particular distinguishing it from the practice of non-hot yoga. AIMS: This study aims to provide some preliminary evidence about the risks and benefits of participating in hot yoga. Future studies will be able to build off the findings herein. METHODS: This study utilized online survey software (Qualtrics) and recruited participants through convenience sampling (n = 157) by targeting yoga websites and online forums...
August 15, 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
P Weatherburn, F Hickson, D Reid, S Torres-Rueda, A Bourne
OBJECTIVES: There is considerable public health concern about the combining of sex and illicit drugs (chemsex) among gay men. With a view to inform supportive therapeutic and clinical interventions, we sought to examine the motivations for engaging in chemsex among gay men living in South London. METHODS: Community advertising recruited 30 gay men for qualitative semi-structured interview. Aged between 21 and 53 years, all lived in South London in the boroughs of Lambeth, Southwark and Lewisham and all had combined crystal methamphetamine, mephedrone and/or γ-hydroxybutyric acid/γ-butyrolactone with sex in the past 12 months...
August 12, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Soja Saghar Soman, Alex Tinson
Camel racing is a popular sport in the Middle East region, where the demand is high for racing camels with higher stamina and endurance. Devising a technique to measure oxidative capacity and endurance in camels should be useful. Mitochondria are highly specialized organelles involved in metabolism in all higher organisms for sustaining life and providing energy for physical functions. The ratio of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to nuclear DNA (nDNA) is often used as an estimate for the metabolic status of the tissue...
July 27, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Å Frändemark, E Jakobsson Ung, H Törnblom, M Simrén, S Jakobsson
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a frequent symptom in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and is associated with poor quality of life. However, few studies have evaluated its impact on daily life or the perceived distress it can cause. Using a multi-methods approach, this study describes the impact and manifestations of fatigue in patients with IBS and investigates the relationship between fatigue severity and illness-related and health-promoting factors. METHODS: A total of 160 patients with IBS completed self-reported questionnaires assessing fatigue, gastrointestinal symptoms, psychological distress, and sense of coherence...
July 11, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Kevin J Valadares
Doing bioethics in the public arena of healthcare, government, business or academia takes courage and stamina. The effort involved must be greater than just supporting clients through disciplined arguments and an ongoing process of clarification. Beyond the argument, for ethicists to be of value, they must understand the importance of navigating power structures within the bioethics ecosystem and to recognize their own professional naiveté.
2016: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
Fumio Takeshita, Minoru Murai
In some fiddler crab species, males emit vibrations from their burrows to mate-searching females after they have attracted a female to the burrow entrance using a waving display. Although the vibrations are considered acoustic signals to induce mating, it has not been demonstrated whether the vibrations attract the females into the burrow and, consequently, influence females' mating decisions. We investigated the structures and patterns of the vibrations using a dummy female and demonstrated experimentally a female preference for male vibrations in Uca lactea in the field...
June 2016: Die Naturwissenschaften
Zhiling Zou, Yang Liu, Jing Xie, Xiting Huang
PURPOSE: To test whether aerobic exercise can help build self-control stamina in healthy female young adults. Stamina in this context is defined as the capability to endure ego depletion, which can be measured with a self-control task following another activity also requiring self-control. METHODS: Forty-five healthy undergraduate women were randomized to either an experimental group or control group. Participants in the experimental group were required to run in their campus running field for 30 min for a period of 5 weeks...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Sławomir Motylewski, Aleksandra Zientala, Katarzyna Michalak, Agnieszka Pawlicka-Lisowska, Elżbieta Poziomska-Piątkowska
THE AIM: of the study was to evaluate the physical fitness in 12-13- year-old children attending randomly selected primary schools in Pabianice, and to determine which of the motor skills and abilities need to be improved in the further process of education. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 236 pupils aged 12-13 years attending primary schools number 3, 5 and 17 in Pabianice. The physical fitness was evaluated using International Physical Fitness Test (IPFT)...
March 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Sandeep Grover, Ajit Avasthi, Sunil Gupta, Nandita Hazari, Nidhi Malhotra
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the concept of female Dhat syndrome characterized by the complaint of nonpathological vaginal discharge in association with somatic, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 26 female subjects with nonpathological vaginal discharge along with depressive and somatic complaints were assessed on a self-rated questionnaire modified from Comprehensive Questionnaire for Assessment of Dhat Syndrome designed for males...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Matthew R Davis, Richard L Easter, Jonathan M Carlock, Lawrence W Weiss, Elizabeth A Longo, Lisa M Smith, J Jay Dawes, Brian K Schilling
Davis, MR, Easter, RL, Carlock, JM, Weiss, LW, Longo, EA, Smith, LM, Dawes, JJ, and Schilling, BK. Self-reported physical tasks and exercise training in Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) teams. J Strength Cond Res 30(11): 3242-3248, 2016-Little research has been done examining the most physically demanding tasks a SWAT officer may perform in the line of duty. Our objective was to analyze the rankings of tasks by SWAT officers based on frequency, difficulty, and importance and assess if training is addressing traits needed for successful task completion...
November 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
C Agar, R Gemmill, T Hollands, S L Freeman
The aim of the study was to determine which types of nutritional supplements were used in dressage and eventing horses, and the reasons that owners used supplements. An online questionnaire was distributed through British Eventing and Dressage websites, to collect data on demographics of owners and their horses, supplements used and their opinion on health and performance problems. Data were evaluated using descriptive analysis, Sign and Fisher's exact tests for quantitative data, and categorisation of qualitative data...
2016: Veterinary Record Open
Geeta Shroff
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines, mainly the colon and ileum, related with ulcers and fistulae. It is estimated to affect 565,000 people in the United States. Currently available therapies, such as antibiotics, thiopurines, and anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha agents, are only observed to reduce the complications associated with Crohn's disease and to improve quality of life, but cannot cure the disease. Stem cell therapy appears to have certain advantages over conventional therapies...
2016: American Journal of Case Reports
G Montanari Vergallo, F P Busardò, S Zaami, E Marinelli
Eight years since the last revision, in May 2014 the Italian code of medical ethics has been updated. Here, the Authors examine the reform in the light of the increasing difficulties of the medical profession arising from the severity of the Italian law Courts. The most significant aspects of this new code are firstly, the patient's freedom of self-determination and secondly, risk prevention through the disclosure of errors and adverse events. However, in both areas the reform seems to be less effective if we compare the ethical codes of France, the United Kingdom and the United States...
2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Jerry J Sweet, Laura M Benson, Nathaniel W Nelson, Paul J Moberg
OBJECTIVE: The current survey updated professional practice and income information pertaining to clinical neuropsychology. METHODS: Doctoral-level members of the American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology, Division 40 (Clinical Neuropsychology) of the American Psychological Association, and the National Academy of Neuropsychology and other neuropsychologists, as well as postdoctoral trainees in the Association of Postdoctoral Programs in Clinical Neuropsychology and at other training sites were invited to participate in a web-based survey in early 2015...
2015: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Jessica C Peacock, Charlene E Schmidt, Kathy Barry
BACKGROUND: Outcomes studies show many bariatric patients fail to lose optimal weight or regain significant weight post-surgery. One reason for weight regain may be difficulty adhering to the postoperative diet. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey methodology collected text data on perceived postoperative nutritional barriers and helpful dietary services reported by bariatric patients. Participants were solicited from an online obesity support website, and 440 responses related to perceived barriers and 330 responses regarding postoperative services were examined using inductive content analysis...
October 2016: Obesity Surgery
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