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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422624/occupational-therapy-s-role-in-cancer-survivorship-as-a-chronic-condition
#1
Mary Frances Baxter, Robin Newman, Sheila M Longpré, Katie M Polo
Improved medical care has resulted in a documented increase in cancer survivors in the United States. Cancer survivors face challenges in participation across all facets of life as a result of the cancer and subsequent cancer treatments. Long-term and late-term sequelae can result in impairments in neurological systems, decreased stamina, loss of range of motion, and changes in sensation and cognition. These impairments are often long lasting, which categorizes cancer survivorship as a chronic condition. This categorization presents treatment challenges, especially in creating rehabilitation and habilitation service options that support cancer survivors...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315016/biomechanics-of-the-osteoporotic-spine-pain-and-principles-of-training
#2
Guido Schröder, Andreas Knauerhase, Holger S Willenberg, Guenther Kundt, Detlef Wendig, Hans-Christof Schober
INTRODUCTION: A fracture is a clinical manifestation of osteoporosis and is one of the main causes of functional limitations and chronic pain in patients with osteoporosis. Muscle and coordination training are recommended to the patients as general measures. We inquired whether sling training is better than traditional physiotherapy in relieving pain and improving abilities of daily living. METHODS: Fifty patients with osteoporosis were divided into two groups. Group A performed conventional physiotherapy, while Group B performed sling training exercises...
March 17, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152322/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-an-aerobic-exercise-program-for-young-people-with-cerebral-palsy-in-specialist-schools
#3
Stacey L Cleary, Nicholas F Taylor, Karen J Dodd, Nora Shields
PURPOSE: To explore the perceived effects of an aerobic exercise program delivered in specialist schools for young people with cerebral palsy with high support needs. METHODS: In-depth interviews were completed with 8 students with cerebral palsy, 10 parents, 8 teachers and 7 physiotherapists. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and independently coded by two researchers. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Two themes emerged: one about program impact and the second about influential design features...
February 2, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100805/differences-in-mobility-at-the-range-edge-of-an-expanding-invasive-population-of-xenopus-laevis-in-the-west-of-france
#4
Vivien Louppe, Julien Courant, Anthony Herrel
Theoretical models predict that spatial sorting at the range edge of expanding populations should favor individuals with increased mobility relative to individuals at the center of the range. Despite the fact that empirical evidence for the evolution of locomotor performance at the range edge is rare, data on cane toads support this model. However, whether this can be generalized to other species remains largely unknown. Here, we provide data on locomotor stamina and limb morphology in individuals from two sites: one from the center and one from the periphery of an expanding population of the clawed frog Xenopus laevis in France where it was introduced about 30 years ago...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018250/grit-or-honesty-humility-new-insights-into-the-moderating-role-of-personality-between-the-health-impairment-process-and-counterproductive-work-behavior
#5
Andrea Ceschi, Riccardo Sartori, Stephan Dickert, Arianna Costantini
It is acknowledged that chronic job demands may be depleting workers' stamina resulting in burnout conditions and ultimately causing further health problems. This relation, known as health impairment process, has recently been considered as a possible explanation for the emergence of counterproductive work behavior (CWB). The present work aims to examine the role of two personality traits (i.e., Grit and Honesty-Humility) in this process. The results, based on a sample of 208 private service sector employees, confirm the presence of a fully mediated process and show how Honesty-Humility positively moderates the relationship between job demands and exhaustion, whereas Grit has a negative effect on the relation between exhaustion and CWB...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004412/conceptualization-of-physical-exercise-and-keeping-fit-by-child-wheelchair-users-and-their-parents
#6
Jane Noyes, Llinos Haf Spencer, Nathan Bray, Hans-Peter Kubis, Richard P Hastings, Matthew Jackson, Thomas D O'Brien
AIM: To gain a better understanding of how children aged 6-18 years who use wheelchairs and their families conceptualized physical exercise and keeping fit. BACKGROUND: Disabled children with reduced mobility are commonly overweight and unfit. Nurse-led health screening programmes in schools commonly exclude disabled children if they cannot use standard weighing scales or stand against height measuring sticks. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study at two time points over 6 months with children who use wheelchairs and their families...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956736/transplantation-of-human-embryonic-stem-cells-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-and-lyme-disease
#7
Geeta Shroff
BACKGROUND Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory and neurodegenerative disease in which the myelin sheath of nerve cells is damaged. It can cause delayed neurologic symptoms similar to those seen in Lyme disease (LD) patients. Thymus derived T-cells (myelin reactive) migrate to the blood brain barrier and stimulate an inflammatory cascade in the central nervous system. Cell based therapies play an important role in treating neurological diseases such as MS and LD. CASE REPORT Human embryonic stem cell (hESC) therapy was used to treat two patients with both MS and LD...
December 13, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936533/endocrinology-update-testicular-hypogonadism
#8
Joel J Heidelbaugh
Testicular hypogonadism, or androgen deficiency, is defined as a clinical condition resulting from failure of the testes to produce physiologic levels of testosterone and a normal number of spermatozoa because of disruption of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Testosterone deficiency (TD) is defined as a serum level less than 300 ng/dL on a morning total testosterone test. It is estimated that more than one-third of men 45 years and older have testosterone deficiency. Associated symptoms include decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, decreased physical stamina and strength, depressed mood, fatigue, increased visceral adiposity, sleep disturbance, and/or poor concentration and memory...
December 2016: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797657/self-reported-benefits-and-adverse-outcomes-of-hot-yoga-participation
#9
Casey Mace, Brandon Eggleston
BACKGROUND: There is little to no scientific data about the health benefits or risks to participating in hot yoga, in particular distinguishing it from the practice of non-hot yoga. AIMS: This study aims to provide some preliminary evidence about the risks and benefits of participating in hot yoga. Future studies will be able to build off the findings herein. METHODS: This study utilized online survey software (Qualtrics) and recruited participants through convenience sampling (n = 157) by targeting yoga websites and online forums...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756274/the-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-pakistani-medical-practitioners-about-depression-a-cross-sectional-study-in-lahore-using-the-revised-depression-attitude-questionnaire-r-daq
#10
Mark Haddad, Ahmed Waqas, Wahhaj Qayyum, Maryam Shams, Saad Malik
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders such as depression are common and rank as major contributors to the global burden of disease. Condition recognition and subsequent management of depression is variable and influenced by the attitudes and beliefs of clinicians as well as those of patients. Most studies examining health professionals' attitudes have been conducted in Western nations; this study explores beliefs and attitudes about depression among doctors working in Lahore, Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey conducted in 2015 used a questionnaire concerning demographics, education in psychiatry, beliefs about depression causes, and attitudes about depression using the Revised Depression Attitude Questionnaire (R-DAQ)...
October 18, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747182/improved-cardiac-function-and-exercise-capacity-following-correction-of-pectus-excavatum-a-review-of-current-literature
#11
Marie Maagaard, Johan Heiberg
Patients with pectus excavatum (PE) often describe improvements in exercise stamina following corrective surgery. Studies have investigated the surgical effect on physiological parameters; still, no consensus has yet been reached. Therefore, the aim of this literature review was to describe the cardiac outcome after surgical correction, both at rest and during exercise. In February 2016, a detailed search of the databases PubMed, Medline, and EMBASE was performed. We assessed clinical studies that described cardiac outcomes both before and after surgical correction of PE...
September 2016: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725537/assessment-of-self-efficacy-and-its-relationship-with-frailty-in-the-elderly
#12
Nobutaka Doba, Yasuharu Tokuda, Keiichirou Saiki, Toshio Kushiro, Masumi Hirano, Yoshihiro Matsubara, Shigeaki Hinohara
Objective It has been increasingly recognized in various clinical areas that self-efficacy promotes the level of competence in patients. The validity, applicability and potential usefulness of a new, simple model for assessing self-efficacy in the elderly with special reference to frailty were investigated for improving elderly patients' accomplishments. Methods The subjects of the present study comprised 257 elderly people who were members of the New Elder Citizen Movement in Japan and their mean age was 82...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578256/tart-cherry-supplementation-improves-working-memory-hippocampal-inflammation-and-autophagy-in-aged-rats
#13
Nopporn Thangthaeng, Shibu M Poulose, Stacey M Gomes, Marshall G Miller, Donna F Bielinski, Barbara Shukitt-Hale
High consumption of fruits and vegetables has been associated with reduced risk of debilitating diseases and improved cognition in aged populations. These beneficial effects have been attributed to the phytochemicals found in fruits and vegetables, which have previously been shown to be anti-inflammatory and modulate autophagy. Tart cherries contain a variety of potentially beneficial phytochemicals; however, little research has been done to investigate the effects of tart cherry on the aging brain. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if tart cherry supplementation can improve cognitive and motor function of aged rats via modulation of inflammation and autophagy in the brain...
December 2016: Age (2005-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526271/self-reported-benefits-and-adverse-outcomes-of-hot-yoga-participation
#14
Casey Mace, Brandon Eggleston
BACKGROUND: There is little to no scientific data about the health benefits or risks to participating in hot yoga, in particular distinguishing it from the practice of non-hot yoga. AIMS: This study aims to provide some preliminary evidence about the risks and benefits of participating in hot yoga. Future studies will be able to build off the findings herein. METHODS: This study utilized online survey software (Qualtrics) and recruited participants through convenience sampling (n = 157) by targeting yoga websites and online forums...
August 15, 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519259/motivations-and-values-associated-with-combining-sex-and-illicit-drugs-chemsex-among-gay-men-in-south-london-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#15
P Weatherburn, F Hickson, D Reid, S Torres-Rueda, A Bourne
OBJECTIVES: There is considerable public health concern about the combining of sex and illicit drugs (chemsex) among gay men. With a view to inform supportive therapeutic and clinical interventions, we sought to examine the motivations for engaging in chemsex among gay men living in South London. METHODS: Community advertising recruited 30 gay men for qualitative semi-structured interview. Aged between 21 and 53 years, all lived in South London in the boroughs of Lambeth, Southwark and Lewisham and all had combined crystal methamphetamine, mephedrone and/or γ-hydroxybutyric acid/γ-butyrolactone with sex in the past 12 months...
August 12, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475303/development-and-evaluation-of-a-simple-and-effective-real-time-pcr-assay-for-mitochondrial-quantification-in-racing-camels
#16
Soja Saghar Soman, Alex Tinson
Camel racing is a popular sport in the Middle East region, where the demand is high for racing camels with higher stamina and endurance. Devising a technique to measure oxidative capacity and endurance in camels should be useful. Mitochondria are highly specialized organelles involved in metabolism in all higher organisms for sustaining life and providing energy for physical functions. The ratio of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to nuclear DNA (nDNA) is often used as an estimate for the metabolic status of the tissue...
July 27, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Probes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401139/fatigue-a-distressing-symptom-for-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#17
Å Frändemark, E Jakobsson Ung, H Törnblom, M Simrén, S Jakobsson
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a frequent symptom in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and is associated with poor quality of life. However, few studies have evaluated its impact on daily life or the perceived distress it can cause. Using a multi-methods approach, this study describes the impact and manifestations of fatigue in patients with IBS and investigates the relationship between fatigue severity and illness-related and health-promoting factors. METHODS: A total of 160 patients with IBS completed self-reported questionnaires assessing fatigue, gastrointestinal symptoms, psychological distress, and sense of coherence...
January 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346823/power-professional-naivet%C3%A3-and-environmental-icebergs-navigating-the-bioethics-ecosystem
#18
Kevin J Valadares
Doing bioethics in the public arena of healthcare, government, business or academia takes courage and stamina. The effort involved must be greater than just supporting clients through disciplined arguments and an ongoing process of clarification. Beyond the argument, for ethicists to be of value, they must understand the importance of navigating power structures within the bioethics ecosystem and to recognize their own professional naiveté.
2016: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27240863/the-vibrational-signals-that-male-fiddler-crabs-uca-lactea-use-to-attract-females-into-their-burrows
#19
Fumio Takeshita, Minoru Murai
In some fiddler crab species, males emit vibrations from their burrows to mate-searching females after they have attracted a female to the burrow entrance using a waving display. Although the vibrations are considered acoustic signals to induce mating, it has not been demonstrated whether the vibrations attract the females into the burrow and, consequently, influence females' mating decisions. We investigated the structures and patterns of the vibrations using a dummy female and demonstrated experimentally a female preference for male vibrations in Uca lactea in the field...
June 2016: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27148113/aerobic-exercise-as-a-potential-way-to-improve-self-control-after-ego-depletion-in-healthy-female-college-students
#20
Zhiling Zou, Yang Liu, Jing Xie, Xiting Huang
PURPOSE: To test whether aerobic exercise can help build self-control stamina in healthy female young adults. Stamina in this context is defined as the capability to endure ego depletion, which can be measured with a self-control task following another activity also requiring self-control. METHODS: Forty-five healthy undergraduate women were randomized to either an experimental group or control group. Participants in the experimental group were required to run in their campus running field for 30 min for a period of 5 weeks...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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