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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608114/prolonged-toxicity-from-kambo-cleansing-ritual
#1
Kai Li, Howard Horng, Kara Lynch, Craig G Smollin
CONTEXT: Kambo cleanse is a purification, cleansing ritual traditionally performed by South American shaman to confer luck and health to hunters. CASE DETAILS: We report a patient who presented to the emergency department with prolonged symptoms of vomiting, flushing, facial swelling, altered mental status, and agitation requiring chemical restraints, 22 h after a Kambo cleanse. The patient was found with four small, circular, superficial burns to the ankle at the site where the resin was introduced...
April 2, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581730/the-impact-of-rhodiola-rosea-on-the-gut-microbial-community-of-drosophila-melanogaster
#2
Khachik E Labachyan, Dara Kiani, Evgueni A Sevrioukov, Samuel E Schriner, Mahtab Jafari
Background: The root extract of Rhodiola rosea has historically been used in Europe and Asia as an adaptogen, and similar to ginseng and Shisandra , shown to display numerous health benefits in humans, such as decreasing fatigue and anxiety while improving mood, memory, and stamina. A similar extract in the Rhodiola family, Rhodiola crenulata , has previously been shown to confer positive effects on the gut homeostasis of the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster. Although, R. rosea has been shown to extend lifespan of many organisms such as fruit flies, worms and yeast, its anti-aging mechanism remains uncertain...
2018: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553965/efficacy-of-an-ergonomic-ankle-support-aid-for-squatting-position-in-improving-pushing-skills-and-birth-outcomes-during-the-second-stage-of-labor-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Yu-Ching Lin, Meei-Ling Gau, Ghi-Hwei Kao, Hung-Chang Lee
BACKGROUND: The physical positions that are adopted by women during childbirth significantly impact their childbirth outcomes and experiences. Literature studies have associated using a squatting position with reduced childbirth pain and increased comfort and pushing efficiency. However, the major disadvantage of the squatting position is that women may lack the muscular fitness and stamina necessary to sustain this position for a long period. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the pushing experiences and birth outcomes of three different pushing positions during the second stage of labor...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500159/more-stamina-a-gamified-mhealth-solution-for-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-research-through-design
#4
Guido Giunti, Vasiliki Mylonopoulou, Octavio Rivera Romero
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is one of the world's most common neurologic disorders. Fatigue is one of most common symptoms that persons with MS experience, having significant impact on their quality of life and limiting their activity levels. Self-management strategies are used to support them in the care of their health. Mobile health (mHealth) solutions are a way to offer persons with chronic conditions tools to successfully manage their symptoms and problems. Gamification is a current trend among mHealth apps used to create engaging user experiences and is suggested to be effective for behavioral change...
March 2, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492003/calling-underwater-is-a-costly-signal-size-related-differences-in-the-call-rates-of-antarctic-leopard-seals
#5
Tracey L Rogers
It is proposed that where sexually selected vocal communication is an honest signal, the call production rate is predicted to change throughout the breeding season. Male leopard seals call underwater for many hours each day over their three- to four-month breeding season, and it is hypothesized that a decrease in calling rate would be associated with the declining body condition of smaller males. The calling rates of leopard seals were measured ( N  = 49 recordings) and compared between seals of different size classes throughout the breeding season...
August 2017: Current Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463090/assessment-and-treatment-considerations-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-at-end-of-life
#6
Debra M Glick, Joan M Cook, Jennifer Moye, Anica Pless Kaiser
Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may first emerge, reemerge, or worsen as individuals approach end of life and may complicate the dying process. Unfortunately, lack of awareness of the occurrence and/or manifestation of PTSD at end of life can lead to PTSD going unaddressed. Even if PTSD is properly diagnosed, traditional evidence-based trauma-focused treatments may not be feasible or advisable with this group as many patients at end of life often lack the physical and mental stamina to participate in traditional psychotherapy...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445620/genetic-analysis-of-maternal-and-paternal-lineages-in-kabardian-horses-by-uniparental-molecular-markers
#7
Aliybek D Khaudov, Astemir S Duduev, Zaur A Kokov, Khazhismel K Amshokov, Mohamed Kh Zhekamukhov, Alexander M Zaitsev, Monika Reissmann
Studies of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) as well as the non-recombining part of the Y chromosome help to understand the origin and distribution of maternal and paternal lineages. The Kabardian horse from Northern Caucasia which is well-known for strength, stamina and endurance in distance riding has a large gap in its breeding documentation especially in the recent past. A 309 bp fragment of the mitochondrial D-loop (156 Kabardian horses) and six mutations in Y chromosome (49 Kabardian stallions), respectively, were analyzed to get a better insight into breeding history, phylogenetic relationship to related breeds, maternal and paternal diversity and genetic structure...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359305/providing-effective-speech-language-pathology-group-treatment-in-the-comprehensive-inpatient-rehabilitation-setting
#8
Christine Baron, Molly Holcombe, Candace van der Stelt
Group treatment is an integral part of speech-language pathology (SLP) practice. The majority of SLP literature concerns group treatment provided in outpatient settings. This article describes the goals, procedures, and benefits of providing quality SLP group therapy in the comprehensive inpatient rehabilitation (CIR) setting. Effective CIR groups must be designed with attention to type and severity of communication impairment, as well physical stamina of group members. Group leaders need to target individualized patient goals while creating a challenging, complex, and dynamic group context that supports participation by all group members...
February 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327140/children-s-experiences-of-congenital-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#9
REVIEW
Lauren S H Chong, Dominic A Fitzgerald, Jonathan C Craig, Karine E Manera, Camilla S Hanson, David Celermajer, Julian Ayer, Nadine A Kasparian, Allison Tong
We aimed to describe the experiences of children and adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD). Electronic databases were searched until August 2016. Qualitative studies of children's perspectives on CHD were included. Data was extracted using thematic synthesis. From 44 studies from 12 countries involving 995 children, we identified 6 themes: disrupting normality (denying the diagnosis, oscillating between sickness and health, destabilizing the family dynamic), powerlessness in deteriorating health (preoccupation with impending mortality, vulnerability to catastrophic complications, exhaustion from medical testing), enduring medical ordeals (traumatized by invasive procedures, disappointed by treatment failure, displaced by transition, valuing empathy and continuity in care, overcoming uncertainty with information), warring with the body (losing stamina, distressing inability to participate in sport, distorted body image, testing the limits), hampering potential and goals (feeling disabled, unfair judgment and exclusion, difficulties with academic achievement, limiting attainment and maintenance of life milestones), and establishing one's own pace (demarcating disease from life, determination to survive, taking limitations in their stride, embracing the positives, finding personal enrichment, relying on social or spiritual support)...
March 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306524/the-singer-s-and-the-clinician-s-perspective-on-vitamin-b-12-treatment-for-vocal-benefits
#10
Hagit Shoffel-Havakuk, Christian X Lava, Edie R Hapner, Karla O'Dell, Lindsay Reder, Michael M Johns
INTRODUCTION: There is a belief among vocalists that there are voice benefits from vitamin B12 treatment. Yet there are no previous reports regarding vitamin B12 effects on voice. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of vitamin B12 use among singers and their beliefs regarding vitamin B12 therapy. METHODS: Anonymous online survey administered to singers, singing-teachers, speech-language pathologists, and laryngologists. RESULTS: A total of 192 participants completed the surveys; 128 singers (68 singing-teachers, 30 speech-language pathologists) and 64 laryngologists...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274695/diminutive-porcelain-ascending-aorta-with-supravalvular-aortic-stenosis
#11
Mustafa Houmsse, Asia McDavid, Ahmet Kilic
This case report describes a case of a 49-year-old male, with a past medical history significant for congenital aortic stenosis, who presented with progressive shortness of breath and decreased stamina. The patient was found to have a concentric, diminutive porcelain ascending aorta with diffuse supravalvular aortic stenosis. Herein we describe treatment with an aortic root augmentation and Bentall procedure utilizing hypothermic circulatory arrest.
December 21, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235234/-holding-on-to-life-an-ethnographic-study-of-living-well-at-home-in-old-age
#12
Kristin Bjornsdottir
In recent years, much attention has been paid to how older people living at home can remain independent and manage their illness themselves, while less attention has been given to those who have become frail and need assistance with challenges of everyday life. In this article, I drew on Latimer's formulation of care for frail older people as relational and world-making and on Foucault's work related to the care of the self in developing an understanding of how frail older persons manage to live well at home in the final years of their lives...
December 13, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231808/abelson-tyrosine-protein-kinase-2-regulates-myoblast-proliferation-and-controls-muscle-fiber-length
#13
Jennifer K Lee, Peter T Hallock, Steven J Burden
Muscle fiber length is nearly uniform within a muscle but widely different among different muscles. We show that Abelson tyrosine-protein kinase 2 (Abl2) has a key role in regulating myofiber length, as a loss of Abl2 leads to excessively long myofibers in the diaphragm, intercostal and levator auris muscles but not limb muscles. Increased myofiber length is caused by enhanced myoblast proliferation, expanding the pool of myoblasts and leading to increased myoblast fusion. Abl2 acts in myoblasts, but as a consequence of expansion of the diaphragm muscle, the diaphragm central tendon is reduced in size, likely contributing to reduced stamina of Abl2 mutant mice...
December 12, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230698/mode-2-knowledge-production-in-the-context-of-medical-research-a-call-for-further-clarifications
#14
Hojjat Soofi
The traditional researcher-driven environment of medical knowledge production is losing its dominance with the expansion of, for instance, community-based participatory or participant-led medical research. Over the past few decades, sociologists of science have debated a shift in the production of knowledge from traditional discipline-based (Mode 1) to more socially embedded and transdisciplinary frameworks (Mode 2). Recently, scholars have tried to show the relevance of Mode 2 knowledge production to medical research...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189909/behavioral-and-physiological-polymorphism-in-males-of-the-austral-lizard-liolaemus-sarmientoi
#15
Jimena B Fernández, Elizabeth Bastiaans, Marlin Medina, Fausto R Méndez De la Cruz, Barry R Sinervo, Nora R Ibargüengoytía
Integrative behavioral studies show that the interplay between individual physiology and social behavior influences the ecology of the species, ultimately affecting individual fitness. Particularly in lizards, color polymorphism is associated with differential behaviors and reproductive strategies, which are evident in mature males during the mating season. Dominant males generally have greater endurance, higher body temperature, and larger bodies than submissive males, so they can acquire and defend larger territories and have greater access to females for mating...
February 2018: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111465/effectiveness-of-circuit-based-exercises-on-gait-speed-balance-and-functional-mobility-in-people-affected-by-stroke-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Ana Clara Bonini-Rocha, Anderson Lúcio Souza de Andrade, André Marques Moraes, Liana Barbaresco Gomide Matheus, Leonardo Rios Diniz, Wagner Rodrigues Martins
BACKGROUND: Several interventions have been proposed to rehabilitate patients with neurologic dysfunctions due to stroke. However, the effectiveness of circuit-based exercises according to its actual definition, ie, an overall program to improve strength, stamina, balance or functioning, was not provided. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of circuit-based exercise in the treatment of people affected by stroke. METHODS: A search through PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Physiotherapy Evidence Database databases was performed to identify controlled clinical trials without language or date restriction...
October 27, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960110/the-process-of-becoming-a-user-of-an-osseointegrated-prosthesis-following-transfemoral-amputation-a-qualitative-study
#17
Cathrine Hjorth Hansen, Rehne Lessman Hansen, Peter Holmberg Jørgensen, Klaus Kjaer Petersen, Annelise Norlyk
PURPOSE: To investigate what characterizes the process of becoming a user of an osseointegrated prosthesis following transfemoral amputation. METHOD: The study is based on the descriptive phenomenological framework Reflective Lifeworld Research. Data were collected through in-depth interviews with seven participants who had undergone transfemoral implant surgery and currently used their osseointegrated prosthesis. Data were analyzed according to the guidelines given in Reflective Lifeworld Research...
September 29, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955711/environmental-and-physiological-factors-associated-with-stamina-in-dogs-exercising-in-high-ambient-temperatures
#18
Patrick J Robbins, Meghan T Ramos, Brian M Zanghi, Cynthia M Otto
This IACUC approved study was performed to evaluate the environmental, physiological, and hematological components that contribute to stamina following successive bouts of exercise that included searching (5-min), agility (5-min), and ball retrieve (<10-min). Regularly exercised dogs (N = 12) were evaluated on five separate occasions. The population consisted of eight males and four females ranging in age from 8 to 23 months, which included six Labrador retrievers, three German shepherds, and one each English springer spaniel, German wirehaired pointer, and Dutch shepherd...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947979/effects-of-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-and-chemoradiotherapy-on-attention-in-patients-with-nasopharyngeal-cancer
#19
Qing Wei, Ling Li, Xiao-Dong Zhu, Ling Qin, Yan-Lin Mo, Zheng-You Liang, Jia-Li Deng, Su-Ping Tao
This study evaluated the short-term effects of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and cisplatin concurrent chemo-radiotherapy (CCRT) on attention in patients with nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC). Timely detection and early prevention of cognitive decline are important in cancer patients, because long-term cognitive effects may be permanent and irreversible. Thirty-eight NPC patients treated with IMRT (17/38) or CCRT (21/38) and 38 healthy controls were recruited for the study. Neuropsychological tests were administered to each patient before treatment initiation and within a week after treatment completion...
September 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867858/evaluation-of-cyavanapr%C3%A4-%C3%A5-a-on-health-and-immunity-related-parameters-in-healthy-children-a-two-arm-randomized-open-labeled-prospective-multicenter-clinical-study
#20
Arun Gupta, Sunil Kumar, Sanjeeva Dole, Shailesh Deshpande, Vaishali Deshpande, Sudha Singh, V Sasibhushan
CONTEXT: Cyavanaprāśa (CP) is an Ayurvedic immune booster formulation that confers vigor and vitality while delaying the ageing process. Benefits of CP have been studied widely in adult population. OBJECTIVES: Current study assessed beneficial effects of CP on health and immunity related parameters in healthy children. METHODS: This study was a 6 month long two armed, randomized, open labeled, prospective clinical study. School going healthy children between ages of 5-12 years were randomized to receive orally daily either CP (approx...
January 2017: Ancient Science of Life
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