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medial frontal negativity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763879/-study-of-fraction-amplitude-of-low-frequency-fluctuation-on-resting-state-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-adultperipheral-facial-paralysis
#1
Y J Zhu, G L Ma, T B Song, L Du, R C Guo, S L Sun, H Li, L G Sun
Objective: To analysis the change of brain functional activity in the left and right peripheral facial paralysis by using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (R-fMRI) of fraction amplitude of low frequency fluctuation(fALFF) measurement technique, and research the abnormal brain region with different side patients whether there are differences. Methods: A total of 43 patients with peripheral facial paralysis patients (patient groups, divided into left / right two subgroups) and 21 healthy volunteers (control group) in this study...
July 18, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755988/acute-affective-reactivity-and-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-functional-mri-study
#2
Ping Ren, Kathi L Heffner, Alanna Jacobs, Feng Lin
OBJECTIVES: Poor quality of life (QoL) is a major concern among older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Maladaptive affective regulation and its relevant frontal dysfunction that are often observed in older adults with MCI may provide an insight into the understanding of their QoL. METHODS: In this case-controlled study, participants (MCI patients, N = 18; healthy comparisons [HC], N = 21) completed cognitive tasks, and underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) immediately before and after the tasks...
June 27, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740390/brain-regions-associated-with-anosognosia-for-memory-disturbance-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#3
Hiroshi Fujimoto, Teruyuki Matsuoka, Yuka Kato, Keisuke Shibata, Kaeko Nakamura, Kei Yamada, Jin Narumoto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) are frequently unaware of their cognitive symptoms and medical diagnosis. The term "anosognosia" is used to indicate a general lack of awareness of one's disease or disorder. The neural substrate underlying anosognosia in AD is unclear. Since anosognosia for memory disturbance might be an initial sign of AD, it is important to determine the neural correlates. This study was designed to investigate the characteristics and neural correlates of anosognosia for memory disturbance in patients with mild AD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736888/alterations-in-cortical-thickness-in-nonmedicated-premature-ejaculation-patients-a-morphometric-mri-study
#4
Fan Guo, Yi-Bin Xi, Ming Gao, Lin Liu, Ning-Bo Fei, Wei Qin, Chen Li, Long-Biao Cui, Fei Yan, Lei Yu, Jian-Lin Yuan, Hong Yin
PURPOSE: Premature ejaculation (PE) is one of the most common sexual dysfunctions in men. However, there has been little research evaluating alterations in brain structure related to PE. We aimed to investigate the characteristics of nonmedicated PE patients in terms of brain morphometry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample consisted with 32 medication-naïve adult men with clinical diagnosed PE and matched 31 healthy controls. All participants received diagnostic interviews and 3...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729935/single-trial-eeg-informed-fmri-analysis-of-emotional-decision-problems-in-hot-executive-function
#5
Qian Guo, Tiantong Zhou, Wenjie Li, Li Dong, Suhong Wang, Ling Zou
BACKGROUND: Executive function refers to conscious control in psychological process which relates to thinking and action. Emotional decision is a part of hot executive function and contains emotion and logic elements. As a kind of important social adaptation ability, more and more attention has been paid in recent years. OBJECTIVE: Gambling task can be well performed in the study of emotional decision. As fMRI researches focused on gambling task show not completely consistent brain activation regions, this study adopted EEG-fMRI fusion technology to reveal brain neural activity related with feedback stimuli...
July 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721052/study-of-the-combinatorial-impact-of-empathy-and-emotion-on-the-processing-of-conflicts-of-interest-with-the-event-related-potential-technique
#6
Xiaoli He, Ni Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Studies have found that empathy is important in moral development and violence suppression, and emotion also affects empathy. However, the combinatorial effect of emotion and empathy on the processing of conflicts is not known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 44 undergraduate students (23 in low-empathy group and 21 in high-empathy group) were enrolled in this study. They were subjected to positive, negative, and neutral emotion evoking, as well as conflicting or nonconflicting proposals...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713328/recovery-from-unrecognized-sleep-loss-accumulated-in-daily-life-improved-mood-regulation-via-prefrontal-suppression-of-amygdala-activity
#7
Yuki Motomura, Shingo Kitamura, Kyoko Nakazaki, Kentaro Oba, Ruri Katsunuma, Yuri Terasawa, Akiko Hida, Yoshiya Moriguchi, Kazuo Mishima
Many modern people suffer from sleep debt that has accumulated in everyday life but is not subjectively noticed [potential sleep debt (PSD)]. Our hypothesis for this study was that resolution of PSD through sleep extension optimizes mood regulation by altering the functional connectivity between the amygdala and prefrontal cortex. Fifteen healthy male participants underwent an experiment consisting of a baseline (BL) evaluation followed by two successive interventions, namely, a 9-day sleep extension followed by one night of total sleep deprivation (TSD)...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621460/older-adults-display-diminished-error-processing-and-response-in-a-continuous-tracking-task
#8
Francisco L Colino, Harvey Howse, Angela Norton, Robert Trska, Anthony Pluta, Stephen J C Luehr, Todd C Handy, Olave E Krigolson
Advancing age is often accompanied by a decline in motor control that results in a decreased ability to successfully perform motor tasks. While there are multiple factors that contribute to age-related deficits in motor control, one unexplored possibility is that age-related deficits in our ability to evaluate motor output result in an increase in motor errors. In line with this, previous work from our laboratory demonstrated that motor errors evoked an error-related negativity (ERN)-a component of the human ERP associated with error evaluation originating within the human medial-frontal cortex...
June 16, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606629/neural-substrates-underlying-balanced-time-perspective-a-combined-voxel-based-morphometry-and-resting-state-functional-connectivity-study
#9
Yiqun Guo, Zhiyi Chen, Tingyong Feng
Balanced time perspective (BTP), which is defined as a mental ability to switch flexibly among different time perspectives Zimbardo and Boyd (1999), has been suggested to be a central component of positive psychology Boniwell and Zimbardo (2004). BTP reflects individual's cognitive flexibility towards different time frames, which leads to many positive outcomes, including positive mood, subjective wellbeing, emotional intelligence, fluid intelligence, and executive control. However, the neural basis of BTP is still unclear...
June 9, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601965/event-related-potentials-reflect-impaired-temporal-interval-learning-following-haloperidol-administration
#10
Sarah E Forster, Patrick Zirnheld, Anantha Shekhar, Stuart R Steinhauer, Brian F O'Donnell, William P Hetrick
BACKGROUND: Signals carried by the mesencephalic dopamine system and conveyed to anterior cingulate cortex are critically implicated in probabilistic reward learning and performance monitoring. A common evaluative mechanism purportedly subserves both functions, giving rise to homologous medial frontal negativities in feedback- and response-locked event-related brain potentials (the feedback-related negativity (FRN) and the error-related negativity (ERN), respectively), reflecting dopamine-dependent prediction error signals to unexpectedly negative events...
June 10, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596726/ability-to-gain-control-over-one-s-own-brain-activity-and-its-relation-to-spiritual-practice-a-multimodal-imaging-study
#11
Silvia E Kober, Matthias Witte, Manuel Ninaus, Karl Koschutnig, Daniel Wiesen, Gabriela Zaiser, Christa Neuper, Guilherme Wood
Spiritual practice, such as prayer or meditation, is associated with focusing attention on internal states and self-awareness processes. As these cognitive control mechanisms presumably are also important for neurofeedback (NF), we investigated whether people who pray frequently (N = 20) show a higher ability of self-control over their own brain activity compared to a control group of individuals who rarely pray (N = 20). All participants underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and one session of sensorimotor rhythm (SMR, 12-15 Hz) based NF training...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588480/reduced-gray-matter-volume-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Jia Liu, Taiyuan Liu, Wenhui Wang, Lun Ma, Xiaoyue Ma, Shaojie Shi, Qiyong Gong, Meiyun Wang
Background and Purpose: Previous studies of voxel-based morphometry (VBM) have found that patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) exhibit gray matter alterations, but these findings are inconsistent and have not been quantitatively reviewed. Therefore, the aim of this study was to conduct a quantitative meta-analysis of VBM studies of patients with T2DM. Materials and Methods: The seed-based d mapping method was applied to quantitatively estimate the regional gray matter abnormalities in T2DM patients...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567171/a-functional-mri-based-model-for-individual-memory-assessment-in-patients-eligible-for-anterior-temporal-lobe-resection
#13
Maria Strandberg, Peter Mannfolk, Lars Stenberg, Hanna Ljung, Ia Rorsman, Elna-Marie Larsson, Danielle van Westen, Kristina Källén
TITLE: A functional (f) MRI-based model for individual memory assessment in patients eligible for temporal lobe resection. AIM: To investigate if pre-operative fMRI memory paradigms, add predictive information with regard to post-surgical memory deficits. METHODS: Fourteen pharmacoresistant Temporal Lobe Epilepsy (TLE) patients accepted for Anterior Temporal Lobe Resection (ATLR) were included. A clinical risk assessment score (RAS 0-3) was constructed from structural MRI, neuropsychological testing and hemisphere dominance...
2017: Open Neuroimaging Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558941/effects-of-aripiprazole-versus-risperidone-on-brain-activation-during-planning-and-social-emotional-evaluation-in-schizophrenia-a-single-blind-randomized-exploratory-study
#14
Edith J Liemburg, Frank van Es, Henderikus Knegtering, André Aleman
Impaired function of prefrontal brain networks may be the source of both negative symptoms and neurocognitive problems in psychotic disorders. Whereas most antipsychotics may decrease prefrontal activation, the partial dopamine D2-receptor agonist aripiprazole is hypothesized to improve prefrontal function. This study investigated whether patients with a psychotic disorder would show stronger activation of prefrontal areas and associated regions after treatment with aripiprazole compared to risperidone treatment...
May 27, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556905/working-memory-load-impairs-the-evaluation-of-behavioral-errors-in-the-medial-frontal-cortex
#15
Martin E Maier, Marco Steinhauser
Early error monitoring in the medial frontal cortex enables error detection and the evaluation of error significance, which helps prioritize adaptive control. This ability has been assumed to be independent from central capacity, a limited pool of resources assumed to be involved in cognitive control. The present study investigated whether error evaluation depends on central capacity by measuring the error-related negativity (Ne/ERN) in a flanker paradigm while working memory load was varied on two levels. We used a four-choice flanker paradigm in which participants had to classify targets while ignoring flankers...
May 30, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553837/inflexible-functional-connectivity-of-the-dorsal-anterior-cingulate-cortex-in-adolescent-major-depressive-disorder
#16
Tiffany C Ho, Matthew D Sacchet, Colm G Connolly, Daniel S Margulies, Olga Tymofiyeva, Martin P Paulus, Alan N Simmons, Ian H Gotlib, Tony T Yang
Recent evidence suggests that anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) maturation during adolescence contributes to or underlies the development of major depressive disorder (MDD) during this sensitive period. The ACC is a structure that sits at the intersection of several task-positive networks (eg, central executive network, CEN), which are still developing during adolescence. While recent work using seed-based approaches indicate that depressed adolescents show limited task-evoked vs resting-state connectivity (termed 'inflexibility') between the ACC and task-negative networks, no study has used network-based approaches to investigate inflexibility of the ACC in task-positive networks to understand adolescent MDD...
May 29, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550246/plasma-tau-association-with-brain-atrophy-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Kacie D Deters, Shannon L Risacher, Sungeun Kim, Kwangsik Nho, John D West, Kaj Blennow, Henrik Zetterberg, Leslie M Shaw, John Q Trojanowski, Michael W Weiner, Andrew J Saykin
BACKGROUND: Peripheral (plasma) and central (cerebrospinal fluid, CSF) measures of tau are higher in Alzheimer's disease (AD) relative to prodromal stages and controls. While elevated CSF tau concentrations have been shown to be associated with lower grey matter density (GMD) in AD-specific regions, this correlation has yet to be examined for plasma in a large study. OBJECTIVE: Determine the neuroanatomical correlates of plasma tau using voxel-based analysis. METHODS: Cross-sectional data for 508 ADNI participants were collected for clinical, plasma total-tau (t-tau), CSF amyloid (Aβ42) and tau, and MRI variables...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549317/frontal-and-subcortical-grey-matter-reductions-in-ptsd
#18
Daniel C M O'Doherty, Ashleigh Tickell, Will Ryder, Charles Chan, Daniel F Hermens, Maxwell R Bennett, Jim Lagopoulos
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterised by a range of debilitating psychological, physical and cognitive symptoms. PTSD has been associated with grey matter atrophy in limbic and frontal cortical brain regions. However, previous studies have reported heterogeneous findings, with grey matter changes observed beyond limbic/frontal areas. Seventy-five adults were recruited from the community, 25 diagnosed with PTSD along with 25 healthy and 25 trauma exposed age and gender matched controls. Participants underwent clinical assessment and magnetic resonance imaging...
May 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544456/the-experience-of-beauty-derived-from-sorrow
#19
Tomohiro Ishizu, Semir Zeki
We studied the neural mechanisms that are engaged during the experience of beauty derived from sorrow and from joy, two experiences that share a common denominator (beauty) but are linked to opposite emotional valences. Twenty subjects viewed and rerated, in a functional magnetic resonance imaging scanner, 120 images which each had classified into the following four categories: beautiful and sad; beautiful and joyful; neutral; ugly. The medial orbito-frontal cortex (mOFC) was active during the experience of both types of beauty...
August 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528773/apoe-moderates-compensatory-recruitment-of-neuronal-resources-during-working-memory-processing-in-healthy-older-adults
#20
Elisa Scheller, Jessica Peter, Lena V Schumacher, Jacob Lahr, Irina Mader, Christoph P Kaller, Stefan Klöppel
The APOE ε4 allele increases the risk for sporadic Alzheimer's disease and modifies brain activation patterns of numerous cognitive domains. We assessed cognitively intact older adults with a letter n-back task to determine if previously observed increases in ε4 carriers' working-memory-related brain activation are compensatory such that they serve to maintain working memory function. Using multiple regression models, we identified interactions of APOE variant and age in bilateral hippocampus independently from task performance: ε4 carriers only showed a decrease in activation with increasing age, suggesting high sensitivity of fMRI data for detecting changes in Alzheimer's disease-relevant brain areas before cognitive decline...
April 26, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
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