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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640800/hiv-testing-linkage-to-hiv-medical-care-and-interviews-for-partner-services-among-youths-61-health-department-jurisdictions-united-states-puerto-rico-and-the-u-s-virgin-islands-2015
#1
Renee Stein, Wei Song, Mariette Marano, Heta Patel, Shubha Rao, Elana Morris
Identifying persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who are unaware of their infection, linking them to HIV medical care, and reducing health disparities are important national goals (1). Of the 8,841 teens and young adults aged 13-24 years (collectively referred to as youths in this report) who received a diagnosis of HIV in 2014, 70% were young men who have sex with men (MSM) (2). In the same year, an estimated 52% of young MSM living with HIV were unaware of their infection compared with 15% among all persons living with HIV (3)...
June 23, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630084/maternal-lifestyle-and-nutritional-status-in-relation-to-pregnancy-and-infant-health-outcomes-in-western-china-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Li Tang, Xiong-Fei Pan, Andy H Lee, Colin W Binns, Chun-Xia Yang, Xin Sun
INTRODUCTION: Improving the health and nutrition of women and children is a priority for Western China, where the economy is less developed. Due to the dynamic nature of lifestyle, modern food habits and nutrition, there is a need to update our limited knowledge and understanding of maternal lifestyle and nutritional status and their impact on pregnancy and infant health outcomes. While breast milk is the preferred feeding option, infant formula use is widespread in China. It is thus necessary to examine the effects of formula consumption on growth and morbidity...
June 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620982/novice-students-navigating-the-clinical-environment-in-an-early-medical-clerkship
#3
Jenny Barrett, Steve C Trumble, Geoff McColl
CONTEXT: The black box that is student learning in clinical environments is an ongoing research project. Our previous research showed that despite the time that students are given to learn with, about and from patients, some lack confidence for those encounters and see few patients. The study reported here investigated individual and environmental factors affecting medical students' self-directed learning time in hospital. METHODS: We studied second year students in the four-year postgraduate Melbourne Medical School programme as they undertook the first of their four 9-week hospital placements in medical wards...
June 16, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604316/when-students-become-patients-tb-disease-among-medical-undergraduates-in-cape-town-south-africa
#4
Helene-Mari Van der Westhuizen, Angela Dramowski
BACKGROUND: Medical students acquire latent tuberculosis (TB) infection at a rate of 23 cases/100 person-years. The frequency and impact of occupational TB disease in this population are unknown. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed via email and social media to current medical students and recently graduated doctors (2010 - 2015) at two medical schools in Cape Town. Individuals who had developed TB disease as undergraduate students were eligible to participate...
May 24, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594248/advanced-phases-and-reduced-amplitudes-are-suggested-to-characterize-the-daily-rest-activity-cycles-in-depressed-adolescent-boys
#5
Ilona Merikanto, Timo Partonen, Tiina Paunio, Anu E Castaneda, Mauri Marttunen, Anna S Urrila
Self-reported eveningness has been previously associated with depressed mood among adults and adolescents. Here, we study how circadian indicators based on actigraphic data differ between depressed and healthy adolescent boys. Our sample consisted of 17 medication-free adolescent boys, aged 14.5 to 17.5 years, of which eight had depressive disorder and were currently depressed and nine were healthy comparison participants. Psychiatric assessment was conducted by diagnostic interviews and complemented with observer-rating and self-rating scales...
June 8, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592579/attitudes-and-behaviours-of-adolescents-towards-antibiotics-and-self-care-for-respiratory-tract-infections-a-qualitative-study
#6
Meredith Kd Hawking, Donna M Lecky, Pia Touboul Lundgren, Eman Aldigs, Hind Abdulmajed, Eleni Ioannidou, Demetra Paraskeva-Hadjichambi, Pauline Khouri, Micaela Gal, Andreas Ch Hadjichambis, Demetrios Mappouras, Cliodna Am McNulty
BACKGROUND: To understand attitudes and behaviours of adolescents towards antibiotics, antimicrobial resistance and respiratory tract infections. DESIGN: Qualitative approach informed by the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Semi-structured interviews and focus groups were undertaken. We aimed to inform the development of an intervention in an international setting to improve antibiotic use among adolescents; therefore on completion of thematic analysis, findings were triangulated with qualitative data from similar studies in France, Saudi Arabia and Cyprus to elucidate differences in the behaviour change model and adaptation to diverse contexts...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582291/craniofacial-surgery-fellowship-selection-criteria-a-national-program-director-survey
#7
Francesco M Egro, Nathaniel A Blecher, Joseph E Losee, Vu T Nguyen, Jesse Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Candidate characteristics for craniofacial fellowship training still remain unknown, as no data are available in the literature. This study aims to provide information on the criteria that are used to select and rank applicants for the craniofacial surgery fellowship match. METHOD: A 38-question survey was sent in April 2015 to all craniofacial surgery fellowship program directors (n = 29) involved in the US match using QuestionPro Survey Software...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578320/utility-of-an-app-based-system-to-improve-feedback-following-workplace-based-assessment
#8
Janet Lefroy, Nicola Roberts, Adrian Molyneux, Maggie Bartlett, Simon Gay, Robert McKinley
Objectives: To determine whether an app-based software system to support production and storage of assessment feedback summaries makes workplace-based assessment easier for clinical tutors and enhances the educational impact on medical students. Methods: We monitored our workplace assessor app's usage by Year 3 to 5 medical students in 2014-15 and conducted focus groups with Year 4 medical students and interviews with clinical tutors who had used the apps. Analysis was by constant comparison using a framework based on elements of van der Vleuten's utility index...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577701/challenges-of-developing-an-observable-parent-reported-measure-a-qualitative-study-of-functional-impact-of-adhd-in-children
#9
Louis S Matza, Mary Kay Margolis, Linda S Deal, Kimberly F Farrand, M Haim Erder
BACKGROUND: Informant-reported outcome measures, usually completed by parents, are often administered in pediatric clinical trials with the intention of collecting data to support claims in a medical product label. Recently, there has been an emphasis on limiting these measures to observable content, as recommended in the US Food and Drug Administration guidance on patient-reported outcomes. This qualitative study explores the concept of observability using the example of childhood attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
June 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576893/motivation-of-dutch-high-school-students-from-various-backgrounds-for-applying-to-study-medicine-a-qualitative-study
#10
Anouk Wouters, Gerda Croiset, Ulviye Isik, Rashmi A Kusurkar
OBJECTIVE: To explore high school students' motivation for applying to study medicine and the factors that influence this. To find explanations for under-representation of minority students in medical education, descriptions of motivation of students with different background characteristics were compared. DESIGN: Qualitative phenomenological study using semistructured one-on-one interviews. SETTING: One predominantly white and one mixed high school in a large multicultural city in the Netherlands...
June 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574752/athletic-trainers-perceptions-of-and-barriers-to-patient-care-documentation-a-report-from-the-athletic-training-practice-based-research-network
#11
Cailee E Welch Bacon, Bradly L Eppelheimer, Tricia M Kasamatsu, Kenneth C Lam, Sara L Nottingham
CONTEXT:   For the practice characteristics of the services athletic trainers (ATs) provide to be identified, all ATs must complete high-quality patient care documentation. However, little is known about ATs' perceptions of patient care documentation or the potential barriers they may encounter while trying to ensure high-quality documentation. OBJECTIVE:   To explore ATs' perceptions of and barriers to patient care documentation via the Clinical Outcomes Research Education for Athletic Trainers electronic medical record system in the secondary school setting...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574751/athletic-trainers-reasons-for-and-mechanics-of-documenting-patient-care-a-report-from-the-athletic-training-practice-based-research-network
#12
Sara L Nottingham, Kenneth C Lam, Tricia M Kasamatsu, Bradly L Eppelheimer, Cailee E Welch Bacon
CONTEXT:   Documenting patient care is an important responsibility of athletic trainers (ATs). However, little is known about ATs' reasons for documenting patient care and mechanics of completing documentation tasks. OBJECTIVE:   To understand ATs' perceptions about reasons for and the mechanics of patient care documentation. DESIGN:   Qualitative study. SETTING:   Individual telephone interviews with Athletic Training Practice-Based Research Network members...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573135/towards-a-better-understanding-of-sickness-absence-in-adolescence-a-qualitative-study-among-dutch-intermediate-vocational-education-students
#13
Yvonne T M Vanneste, Frans J M Feron, Marlieke A W van Mook, Angelique de Rijk
An adequate approach to sickness absence can reduce school dropout which is a major problem in Intermediate Vocational Education (IVE). This practice-based study explores the sickness absence reasons and factors influencing reporting the sickness, from a student's perspective. Semistructured interviews were held until saturation. Data were collected and analysed by a multidisciplinary research team including youth health care physicians working with IVE students. The results show that, according to the students, reasons for sickness reporting were health-related or related to problems at home or in school...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566579/usefulness-of-interprofessional-education-tsurumai-meijo-ipe-in-program-collaborating-with-simulated-patients
#14
Aya Goto, Manako Hanya, Akira Yoshimi, Mizuki Uchida, Saori Takeuchi, Nobuko Aida, Mina Suematsu, Keiko Abe, Hiroki Yasui, Hiroyuki Kamei, Yukihiro Noda
 Collaboration with multiple healthcare professionals is important to provide safer and higher quality care. Interprofessional education (IPE) promotes the practice of team-based care. The establishment of Tsurumai-Meijo IPE, including interprofessional education and practice (IPEP) and video-teaching materials, was conducted in collaboration with school of medicine/nursing in Nagoya University and Fujita Health University, because Meijo University does not have its own clinical settings and faculties except for pharmacy...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557950/are-female-applicants-rated-higher-than-males-on-the-multiple-mini-interview-findings-from-the-university-of-calgary
#15
Marshall Ross, Ian Walker, Lara Cooke, Maitreyi Raman, Pietro Ravani, Sylvain Coderre, Kevin McLaughlin
PURPOSE: The multiple mini-interview (MMI) improves reliability and validity of medical school interviews, and many schools have introduced this in an attempt to select individuals more skilled in communication, critical thinking, and ethical decision making. But every change in the admissions process may produce unintended consequences, such as changing intake demographics. In this article, two studies exploring gender differences in MMI ratings are reported. METHOD: Cumulative meta-analysis was used to compare MMI ratings for female and male applicants to the University of Calgary Cumming School of Medicine between 2010 and 2014...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557917/the-ugly-truth-about-multiple-mini-interviews-in-medical-school-admissions
#16
Jason Parad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557525/human-milk-provision-experiences-goals-and-outcomes-for-teen-mothers-with-low-birth-weight-infants-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#17
Beverly Rossman, Paula P Meier, Judy E Janes, Christie Lawrence, Aloka L Patel
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding rates are virtually unknown for teen mothers whose low-birth-weight (LBW; <2500 gm) infants are hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The objective was to examine the infant feeding experiences, goals, and outcomes of teen mothers of LBW infants. METHODS: We conducted a multimethod study using a qualitative research design, survey, and infant medical records. The primary data source was individual interviews conducted with teen mothers of LBW infants hospitalized in a tertiary NICU...
May 30, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552374/differential-motivations-for-pursuing-diagnostic-radiology-by-gender-implications-for-residency-recruitment
#18
Lars J Grimm, Dorothy A Lowell, Sarah W Cater, Sora C Yoon
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to determine how the motivations to pursue a career in radiology differ by gender. In addition, the influence of medical school radiology education will be assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Radiology applicants to our institution from the 2015-2016 interview season were offered an online survey in February 2016. Respondents scored the influence of 24 aspects of radiology on their decision to pursue radiology...
May 25, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549464/is-the-delivery-of-a-quality-improvement-education-programme-in-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-for-final-year-medical-students-feasible-and-still-effective-in-a-shortened-time-frame
#19
Bridget Kool, Michelle R Wise, Roshini Peiris-John, Lynn Sadler, Faith Mahony, Susan Wells
BACKGROUND: Teaching clinical audit skills to nascent health professionals is one strategy to improve frontline care. The undergraduate medical curriculum at the University of Auckland provides improvement science theory and skills in Year 5 teaching, and the opportunity to put this into practice during an Obstetrics and Gynaecology (O&G) clinical attachment in Year 6. In 2015, a revised medical school curriculum at the university resulted in a planned reduction of the O&G attachment from five weeks to four, necessitating revision of the Year 6 Quality Improvement (QI) project...
May 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549459/-a-steep-learning-curve-junior-doctor-perspectives-on-the-transition-from-medical-student-to-the-health-care-workplace
#20
Nancy Sturman, Zachary Tan, Jane Turner
BACKGROUND: The transition from medical student to hospital-based first year junior doctor (termed "intern" in Australia) is known to be challenging, and recent changes in clinical learning environments may reduce graduate preparedness for the intern workplace. Although manageable challenges and transitions are a stimulus to learning, levels of burnout in junior medical colleagues are concerning. In order to prepare and support medical graduates, educators need to understand contemporary junior doctor perspectives on this transition...
May 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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