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Medical school interview

Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Arthur Orlando Corrêa Schilithz, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: Maternal near-miss (MNM) audits are considered a useful approach to improving maternal healthcare. The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors associated with maternal near-miss cases in childbirth and the postpartum period in Brazil. METHODS: The study is based on data from a nationwide hospital-based survey of 23,894 women conducted in 2011-2012. The data are from interviews with mothers during the postpartum period and from hospital medical files...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
Bayan Sharif-Chan, Dipti Tankala, Christine Leong, Zubin Austin, Marisa Battistella
Objective. To compare peer teaching in a medical and a pharmacy clinical teaching unit and to provide suggestions for future research in pharmacy near-peer teaching. Methods. This exploratory observational study used principles of ethnographic methodology for data collection and analysis. Observations were collected in a large downtown teaching hospital. An average of 4-6 hours per day were spent observing a team of medical trainees from the Faculty (School) of Medicine in the general internal medicine (unit for two weeks, followed by a team of pharmacy trainees in an ambulatory hemodialysis (HD) unit for two weeks...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Jeff DeCelles, Rebecca B Hershow, Zachary A Kaufman, Katherine R Gannett, Thandanani Kombandeya, Cynthia Chaibva, David A Ross, Abigail Harrison
INTRODUCTION: Grassroot Soccer (GRS) developed 2 brief and scalable voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) promotion interventions for males in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, consisting of a 60-minute interactive, soccer-themed educational session with follow-up behavioral and logistical reinforcement. Both interventions were led by circumcised male community leaders ("coaches") ages 18-30. "Make The Cut" (MTC) targeted adult males on soccer teams and "Make The Cut+" targeted boys in secondary schools...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Efrain Talamantes, Karla Gonzalez, Carol M Mangione, Gery Ryan, Alejandro Jimenez, Fabio Gonzalez, Seira Santizo Greenwood, David E Hayes-Bautista, Gerardo Moreno
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: One third of Latino medical students begin their premedical undergraduate education at a community college (CC) or 2-year college, compared to a 4-year university. This study explored the academic and personal experiences Latino premedical students commonly encounter at the CC. METHODS: In 2013, five focus groups with Latino premedical and medical students (n=45) were conducted in Los Angeles and San Jose, CA. All students were enrolled or attended a CC...
October 2016: Family Medicine
Jean Christophe Rusatira, Brian Tomaszewski, Vincent Dusabejambo, Vincent Ndayiragije, Snedden Gonsalves, Aishwarya Sawant, Angeline Mumararungu, George Gasana, Etienne Amendezo, Anne Haake, Leon Mutesa
BACKGROUND: Lack of access to health and medical education resources for doctors in the developing world is a serious global health problem. In Rwanda, with a population of 11 million, there is only one medical school, hence a shortage in well-trained medical staff. The growth of interactive health technologies has played a role in the improvement of health care in developed countries and has offered alternative ways to offer continuous medical education while improving patient's care...
June 1, 2016: JMIR Med Educ
Jacqueline M Van Wyk, Soornarain S Naidoo, Kogie Moodley, Susan B Higgins-Opitz
INTRODUCTION: Following policy implementations to redress previous racial and gender discrepancies, this study explored how gender impacted on the clinical experiences of final-year medical students during their undergraduate training. It also gathered their perceptions and expectations for the future. METHODS: This cross-sectional, mixed-method study used a purposive sampling method to collect data from the participants (n=94). Each respondent was interviewed by two members of the research team...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Chadayu Udom, Prawit Janwantanakul, Rotsalai Kanlayanaphotporn
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal disorders in the general population, especially among manual laborers. Moreover, it often brings about lost wages and additional medical expenses. However, the potential risk factors for LBP are unknown. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of LBP and to determine the individual, occupational, and psychosocial factors associated with LBP among rubber farmers. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 450 Thai rubber farmers using cluster random sampling...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
X P Luo, Y Yuan, Y J Shi, D D Qian
Objective: To evaluate the clinic performance of high strength glass ceramic crowns for the painful cracked teeth during a 10-year observation period. Methods: Forty-two posterior teeth from 36 patients were diagnosed as having a crack, biting painful and sensitivity to cold were selected in the Department of Prosthodontic, Institute and Hospital of Stomatology, Nanjing University Medical School. The lost-wax hot pressed glass ceramic crowns were bonded on the minimally invasive prepared teeth by modern adhesive technology...
October 9, 2016: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Rachel Locke, Gail Alexander, Richard Mann, Sharon Kibble, Samantha Scallan
BACKGROUND: Looking beyond dyslexia as an individual doctor's issue requires adjusting a working environment to better serve the needs of doctors with dyslexia. With an increasing number of doctors disclosing dyslexia at medical school, how can educators best provide this support? Our research looks at the impact of dyslexia on clinical practice and the coping strategies used by doctors to minimise the effect. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected from 14 doctors with dyslexia using semi-structured interviews and by survey...
October 6, 2016: Clinical Teacher
Susan dosReis, Wendy Camelo Castillo, Melissa Ross, Marcy Fitz-Randolph, Angela Vaughn-Lee, Beverly Butler
OBJECTIVES: To develop a methodological approach for selecting, validating, and prioritizing attributes for health care decision making. METHODS: Participants (n = 48) were recruited from community support groups if they had a child aged 26 years or younger diagnosed with a coexisting mental health condition and cognitive impairment. Six in-depth interviews eliciting care management experiences were transcribed and coded into themes following the principles of grounded theory and the constant comparative method...
September 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Richard Jefferies, Ibrahim H N Sheriff, Jacob H Matthews, Olivia Jagger, Sarah Curtis, Peter Lees, Peter C Spurgeon, Daniel Mark Fountain
Purpose Although medical leadership and management (MLM) is increasingly being recognised as important to improving healthcare outcomes, little is understood about current training of medical students in MLM skills and behaviours in the UK. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach This qualitative study used validated structured interviews with expert faculty members from medical schools across the UK to ascertain MLM framework integration, teaching methods employed, evaluation methods and barriers to improvement...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Health Organization and Management
Christine M Mitchell, Zachary D Epstein-Peterson, Julia Bandini, Ada Amobi, Jonathan Cahill, Andrea Enzinger, Sarah Noveroske, John Peteet, Tracy Balboni, Michael Balboni
CONTEXT: While many studies have addressed the integration of a religion/spirituality curriculum into medical school training, few describe the process of curriculum development based on qualitative data from students and faculty. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to explore the perspectives of medical students and chaplaincy trainees regarding the development of a curriculum to facilitate reflection on moral and spiritual dimensions of caring for the critically-ill, and to train students in self-care practices that promote professionalism...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Oluwole Gbolagunte Ajao, Adekola Alao
BACKGROUND: In 1904, William Halsted introduced the present model of surgical residency program which has been adopted worldwide. In some developing countries, where surgical residency training programs are new, some colleges have introduced innovations to the Halsted's original concept of surgical residency training. These include 1) primary examination, 2) rural surgical posting, and 3) submission of dissertation for final certification. STUDY DESIGN: Our information was gathered from the publications on West African College of Surgeons' (WACS) curriculum of the medical schools, faculty papers of medical schools, and findings from committees of medical schools...
2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
Owoicho Adogwa, Aladine A Elsamadicy, Joseph Cheng, Carlos Bagley
BACKGROUND: The prospective acquisition of reliable patient-reported outcomes (PROs) measures demonstrating the effectiveness of spine surgery, or lack thereof, remains a challenge. The aims of this study are to compare the reliability of functional outcomes metrics obtained using full time employee (FTE) vs. non-FTE-dependent methodologies and to determine the independent predictors of response reliability using non FTE-dependent methodologies. METHODS: One hundred and nineteen adult patients (male: 65, female: 54) undergoing one- and two-level lumbar fusions at Duke University Medical Center were enrolled in this prospective study...
March 2016: J Spine Surg
Quinn Capers, Daniel Clinchot, Leon McDougle, Anthony G Greenwald
PROBLEM: Implicit white race preference has been associated with discrimination in the education, criminal justice, and health care systems and could impede the entry of African Americans into the medical profession, where they and other minorities remain underrepresented. Little is known about implicit racial bias in medical school admissions committees. APPROACH: To measure implicit racial bias, all 140 members of the Ohio State University College of Medicine (OSUCOM) admissions committee took the black-white implicit association test (IAT) prior to the 2012-2013 cycle...
September 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Apichai Wattanapisit, Krittanu Fungthongcharoen, Udomsak Saengow, Surasak Vijitpongjinda
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the prevalence of physical activity (PA) and factors influencing PA behaviours among medical students in Southern Thailand. DESIGN: The study implemented a mixed methods approach. The sequential design consisted of 2 phases: a survey followed by in-depth interviews. SETTING: The study was conducted in the 3 campuses of a medical school in Southern Thailand. The preclinical students (years 1-3) studied general and basic science subjects at Nakhon Si Thammarat campus...
2016: BMJ Open
Nicole Shilkofski, Ryan Y Shields
CONTEXT: Minimal research has examined the recent exportation of medical curricula to international settings. Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, USA partnered with Perdana University Graduate School of Medicine in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and implemented the same curriculum currently used at Johns Hopkins University to teach medical students at Perdana University. This study aimed to explore the perspectives of first-year medical students at Perdana University, focusing on issues of cultural dissonance during adaptation to a US curriculum...
2016: Curēus
M Roze, S Vandentorren, C Vuillermoz, P Chauvin, M Melchior
PURPOSE: Children growing up in homeless families are disproportionately more likely to experience health and psychological problems. Our objective was to describe social, environmental, individual and family characteristics associated with emotional and behavioral difficulties among homeless children living in the Paris region. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews with a representative sample of homeless families were conducted by bilingual psychologists and interviewers between January and May 2013 (n=343 children ages 4-13 years)...
October 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Meredith J Alston, Amy Meg Autry, Sarah A Wagner, Amanda A Allshouse, Alyssa Stephenson-Famy
OBJECTIVE: To describe the advising practices at medical schools and interview patterns among medical students pursuing obstetrics and gynecology residency training. METHODS: A voluntary, anonymous survey was distributed to all applicants interviewing for obstetrics and gynecology residency during the 2014-2015 cycle at the University of Colorado, University of Washington, University of California, San Francisco, and Loyola University. Demographic data were obtained...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Alexandra Martin-Onraët, Patricia Volkow-Fernández, Victoria Alvarez-Wyssmann, Andrea González-Rodríguez, Jesús Casillas-Rodríguez, Lesvia Rivera-Abarca, Indiana Torres-Escobar, Juan Sierra-Madero
Late diagnosis of HIV remains a public health issue in Mexico. Most national programs target high-risk groups, not including women. More data on factors associated with late diagnosis and access to care in women are needed. In 2012-2013, Mexican women recently diagnosed with HIV were interviewed. Socio-cultural background, household-dynamics and clinical data were collected. Of 301 women, 49 % had <200 CD4 cells/mm(3), 8 % were illiterate, 31 % had only primary school. Physical/sexual violence was reported by 47/30 %; 75 % acquired HIV from their stable partners...
September 20, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
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