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Medical school interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660963/readiness-to-recognize-a-qualitative-case-study-of-educational-identification-of-tbi
#1
David Greene, Pat L Sample, Nicole Johns, Maureen Palmer
BACKGROUND: The educational identification (ED-ID) of students with traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been legislated in numerous states, and TBI has become its own special education category. Questions abound as to whether these changes will lead to more readily identifying these students to provide appropriate special education supports. OBJECTIVE: Elucidate one state's response to legislative changes around ED-ID of TBI. METHODS: This is a phenomenological case study of nine school districts in one state...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659203/a-qualitative-study-to-assess-how-primary-care-versus-psychiatric-providers-evaluate-and-treat-pediatric-patients-with-irritability
#2
Anna L Scandinaro, Usman Hameed, Cheryl A Dellasega
Objective: To determine how primary care versus specialist practitioners assess and treat school-aged children with irritability. Methods: Seventeen providers from family medicine, pediatrics, and psychiatry participated in in-depth interviews from June to August 2016 about the process they use to evaluate irritability. Data on demographic traits and measures of confidence were also collected. Results: Primary care (family medicine and pediatrics) participants expressed frustration over the lack of time and specialized knowledge they had to accurately assess children with irritability, even though they were often the first clinician consulted when problems arose...
April 5, 2018: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629053/effective-factors-on-menstrual-health-among-female-students-in-bam-city-a-qualitative-study
#3
Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad, Aliakbar Vaezi, Neda Mohammadinia
Background: Menarche is an independent puberty event in a girl's life, and is associated with physical growth, ability in marriage and fertility. Therefore, poor menstrual health can be a major determinant of morbidity, as well as physical, mental and social problems in this age group. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the effective factors on menstrual health among female students in Bam city. Methods: The qualitative study was conducted using content analysis approach in 2017...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618536/court-ordered-evaluations-from-a-mental-health-court
#4
Seth Judd, George F Parker
Mental health courts (MHCs) have been in existence for more than 20 years, but little is known about the demographics, clinical features, and court outcomes of MHC defendants court-ordered for competence to stand trial (CST) evaluations. We examined these items in defendants who underwent CST evaluations for the Marion County, IN, MHC. The MHC defendants were significantly more likely than defendants referred from other courts to be male, black, unemployed, and on disability, and have a history of prior arrests and psychiatric treatment...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615165/relationship-between-student-performances-in-non-cognitive-skills-in-multiple-mini-interview-and-integrated-practical-examination
#5
Ayesha Rauf, Ali Tayyab, Amena Masrur
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the performances of students in non-cognitive skills in Multiple Mini Interview (MMI) and Integrated Practical Examination (IPE) of the first year of medical school. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional observation study with statistical support. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Shifa College of Medicine/Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, Islamabad between December 2015 and March 2016. METHODOLOGY: Student performance in communication skills, domain of the 8-station Multiple Mini Interview, was compared with their scores in communication skills in the first Integrated Practical Examination taken at the end of first block...
April 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608109/what-experiences-in-medical-school-trigger-professional-identity-development
#6
Denise Kay, Andrea Berry, Nicholas A Coles
Phenomenon: This qualitative inquiry used conceptual change theory as a theoretical lens to illuminate experiences in medical school that trigger professional identity formation. According to conceptual change theory, changes in personal conceptualizations are initiated when cognitive disequilibrium is introduced. We sought to identify the experiences that trigger cognitive disequilibrium and to subsequently describe students' perceptions of self-in-profession prior to the experience; the nature of the experience; and, when applicable, the outcomes of the experience...
April 2, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607853/evaluation-of-oral-health-status-and-influential-factors-in-children-with-autism
#7
S Onol, Z Kırzıoğlu
Aims: The aim of the present study was to comparatively analyze oral health status and influential factors in children with autism living in the Western Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Subjects and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two steps: 1 - questionnaire and 2 - interview. This study was conducted at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey, within the period from March to July 2016...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607471/presentation-of-children-with-advanced-retinoblastoma-for-treatment-in-ghana-the-caretakers-perspectives
#8
V A Essuman, I Z Braimah, T A Ndanu, C T Ntim-Amponsah
BACKGROUND: Retinoblastoma, the commonest childhood malignant intraocular tumour, is diagnosed late, with less than 50% survival in developing countries, including Ghana. OBJECTIVES: To determine, from caretakers' perspective, contributing factors to late presentation of children with retinoblastoma. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving questionnaire administration to consenting caretakers of consecutive children diagnosed with advanced retinoblastoma at the Eye Unit, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana, from September 2008-June 2011...
January 2018: West African Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607335/using-newly-deceased-patients-in-teaching-clinical-skills-its-ethical-and-educational-challenges
#9
Mahboobeh Saber, Seyed Ali Enjoo, Ali Mahboudi, Seyed Ziaadin Tabei
Introduction: The newly deceased patients have long been used in medical schools to teach clinical skills without any challenges as it helps to train skilled doctors. Nowadays, the use of moulages and simulators are common in teaching clinical skills since these tools provide the opportunity for frequent practice without any pain and injury. There are specific procedures which still require the use of cadavers. However, the increased significance of patient rights has generally challenged the practicality of using the deceased bodies for this purpose...
April 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606650/clinical-dental-faculty-members-perceptions-of-diagnostic-errors-and-how-to-avoid-them
#10
Cathy Nikdel, Kian Nikdel, Ana Ibarra-Noriega, Elsbeth Kalenderian, Muhammad F Walji
Diagnostic errors are increasingly recognized as a source of preventable harm in medicine, yet little is known about their occurrence in dentistry. The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of clinical dental faculty members' perceptions of diagnostic errors, types of errors that may occur, and possible contributing factors. The authors conducted semi-structured interviews with ten domain experts at one U.S. dental school in May-August 2016 about their perceptions of diagnostic errors and their causes...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600570/medical-communication-the-views-of-simulated-patients
#11
William Laughey, Nora Sangvik Grandal, Gabrielle M Finn
CONTEXT: Simulated patients (SPs) are extensively used in the teaching of medical communication, both for students and doctors. They occupy a unique middle ground between patients and physicians: although free from the prejudices that medical training brings, they work closely with clinical tutors to promote the principles of patient-centred consulting. Despite this, there is relatively little research around their views on what makes for good communication practice. This study aims to address this gap in the literature through a qualitative analysis of SPs' opinions, especially in the context of medical student communication...
March 30, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599637/undergraduate-medical-students-perceptions-on-feedback-seeking-behaviour
#12
Dwita Oktaria, Diantha Soemantri
Background: The concept of feedback-seeking behaviour has been widely studied, but there is still a lack of understanding of this phenomenon, specifically in an Indonesian medical education setting. The aim of this research was to investigate medical students' feedback-seeking behaviour in depth in one Indonesian medical school. Methods: A qualitative method was employed to explore the feedback-seeking behaviour of undergraduate medical students in the Faculty of Medicine at Universitas Lampung...
February 2018: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582057/factors-associated-with-osteopathic-primary-care-residency-choice-decisions
#13
Godwin Y Dogbey, Karen Collins, Ronald Russ, Grace D Brannan, Matt Mivsek, Sarah Sewell
Context: The osteopathic medical profession traditionally emphasized the education of primary care physicians. A common thread for both osteopathic and allopathic residency matches, however, has been an increase in the interest in specialties outside of primary care. Objective: To determine whether there are critical points in medical school associated with residency selection decision-making, what factors affect residency selection decisions, and whether any identifiable shifts or trends exist...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574896/resident-hesitation-in-the-operating-room-does-uncertainty-equal-incompetence
#14
Michael Ott, Alan Schwartz, Mark Goldszmidt, Georges Bordage, Lorelei Lingard
CONTEXT: In postgraduate medical programmes, the progressive development of autonomy places residents in situations in which they must cope with uncertainty. We explored the phenomenon of hesitation, triggered by uncertainty, in the context of the operating room in order to understand the social behaviours surrounding supervision and progressive autonomy. METHODS: Nine surgical residents and their supervising surgeons at a Canadian medical school were selected. Each resident-supervisor pair was observed during a surgical procedure and subsequently participated in separate post-observation, semi-structured interviews...
March 25, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568560/life-as-an-early-career-researcher-interview-with-yu-shrike-zhang
#15
Yu Shrike Zhang
Yu Shrike Zhang talks to Francesca Lake, Head of Open Access Publishing: Yu Shrike Zhang received his BE degree in biomedical engineering in 2008 from Southeast University, PR China and PhD degree in biomedical engineering in 2013 from Georgia Institute of Technology. He is currently an Instructor of Medicine and Associate Bioengineer in the Division of Engineering in Medicine at the Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School. His research interests include organs-on-chips, biomaterials, bioprinting, biomedical devices, biomedical imaging and biosensing with a focus on innovating medical engineering technologies to recreate functional tissues and biomimetic tissue models...
March 2018: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564583/a-practical-guide-for-implementing-and-maintaining-value-added-clinical-systems-learning-roles-for-medical-students-using-a-diffusion-of-innovations-framework
#16
Jed D Gonzalo, Deanna Graaf, Amarpreet Ahluwalia, Dan R Wolpaw, Britta M Thompson
After emphasizing biomedical and clinical sciences for over a century, US medical schools are expanding experiential roles that allow students to learn about health care delivery while also adding value to patient care. After developing a program where all 1st-year medical students are integrated into interprofessional care teams to contribute to patient care, authors use a diffusion of innovations framework to explore and identify barriers, facilitators, and best practices for implementing value-added clinical systems learning roles...
March 21, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562751/exploring-motivational-interviewing-to-engage-latinos-in-advance-care-planning-a-community-based-social-work-intervention
#17
Frances R Nedjat-Haiem, Iraida V Carrion, Krystyna Gonzalez, Elizabeth D Bennett, Kathleen Ell, Mary O'Connell, Beti Thompson, Shiraz I Mishra
Advance care planning (ACP) does not readily occur in medical settings and often gets missed. Older Latinos need ACP information to encourage advance directive (AD) completion indicating preferences for end-of-life (EOL) care. OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences with counseling using motivational interviewing (MI) techniques and social workers to encourage ACP communication among older Latinos with advance chronic diseases. This study describes stages of readiness to plan for EOL care...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561273/do-multiple-mini-interview-and-traditional-interview-scores-differ-in-their-associations-with-acceptance-offers-within-and-across-five-california-medical-schools
#18
Anthony Jerant, Mark C Henderson, Erin Griffin, Theodore R Hall, Carolyn J Kelly, Ellena M Peterson, David Wofsy, Peter Franks
PURPOSE: In single-school studies, multiple mini-interview (MMI) and traditional interview (TI) scores are associated with acceptance offers. Unexamined is whether scores at one school are associated with acceptance at other schools; such analyses would mitigate single-school design biases and better estimate how well interviews capture desired applicant attributes. Using data from the five California Longitudinal Evaluation of Admissions Practices (CA-LEAP) public medical schools, the authors examined associations of MMI and TI scores with acceptance offers within and across schools...
March 20, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557715/treating-ms-without-continuous-immunosuppression-an-interview-with-luciano-rossetti
#19
Luciano Rossetti
Luciano Rossetti, MD, Executive Vice President, Global Head of R&D at Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany speaks to Laura Dormer, Commissioning Editor Luciano Rossetti, MD, is Executive Vice President, Global Head of R&D at Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, and a member of the Healthcare Executive Committee. As Global Head of R&D, Rossetti leads the strategy for Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany's discovery and development efforts in healthcare. He joined Merck KGaA in July 2014, and has since led the acceleration of several key programs through the pipeline and advanced the innovation of Merck KGaA's discovery teams into development...
March 20, 2018: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556256/spinal-muscular-atrophy-type-i-and-the-dual-role-of-viruses-an-interview-with-professor-basil-t-darras-professor-of-neurology-pediatrics-at-harvard-medical-school
#20
Ioannis N Mammas, Demetrios A Spandidos
According to Professor Basil T. Darras, Professor of Neurology (Pediatrics) at Harvard Medical School and Director of the Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) Program at Boston Children's Hospital in Boston (MA, USA), the diagnosis of SMA type I is clinical and is based on detailed general physical and neurological examinations. SMA type I remains the most common genetic disease resulting in death in infancy and is really devastating for the child, the parents, as well as the medical professionals with the privilege of caring for patients with SMA and their parents...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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