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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436204/disabled-graduate-entry-medical-student-experience
#1
Simon Tso
BACKGROUND: This study explored the experiences of graduate-entry medicine degree programme students who were disabled on the disclosure of their disability and the challenging disability issues they encountered during their degree programme. METHODS: Eight student volunteers with a disability from the University of Warwick graduate-entry medicine degree programme took part in this study. Audio recordings of their semi-structured interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435754/establishing-successful-patient-centered-medical-homes-in-rural-hawai-i-three-strategies-to-consider
#2
Melissa Nelson Scribner, Kasey Kehoe
The challenges to healthcare delivery posed by Hawai'i's unique geography, physician shortages, and dispersed population are of particular importance in light of implementing the Affordable Care Act (ACA). This study draws on central goals laid out in the ACA - to decrease costs, increase access, and improve patient outcomes. The use of the Patient-Centered Medical Homes (PCMHs) is a care model that has the potential to meet all three goals. How to identify the most effective way to develop PCMHs in the specific context of Hawai'i is the focus of this study...
March 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435508/a-novel-collaboration-to-reduce-the-travel-related-cost-of-residency-interviewing
#3
Eric Shappell, Abra Fant, Benjamin Schnapp, Jill P Craig, James Ahn, Christine Babcock, Michael A Gisondi
INTRODUCTION: Interviewing for residency is a complicated and often expensive endeavor. Literature has estimated interview costs of $4,000 to $15,000 per applicant, mostly attributable to travel and lodging. The authors sought to reduce these costs and improve the applicant interview experience by coordinating interview dates between two residency programs in Chicago, Illinois. METHODS: Two emergency medicine residency programs scheduled contiguous interview dates for the 2015-2016 interview season...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433523/association-of-preresidency-peer-reviewed-publications-with-radiation-oncology-resident-choice-of-academic-versus-private-practice-career
#4
Shearwood McClelland, Charles R Thomas, Lynn D Wilson, Emma B Holliday, Jerry J Jaboin
INTRODUCTION: The decision of radiation oncology residents to pursue academic versus private practice careers plays a central role in shaping the present and future of the field, but factors that are potentially predictive of this decision are lacking. This study was performed to examine the role of several factors publicly available before residency on postresidency career choice, including preresidency peer-reviewed publications (PRPs), which have been associated with resident career choice in comparably competitive subspecialties such as neurosurgery...
April 5, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426677/information-ranks-highest-expectations-of-female-adolescents-with-a-rare-genital-malformation-towards-health-care-services
#5
Elisabeth Simoes, Alexander N Sokolov, Andrea Kronenthaler, Hanna Hiltner, Norbert Schaeffeler, Katharina Rall, Esther Ueding, Monika A Rieger, Anke Wagner, Leonie S Poesch, Marie-Christin Baur, Judith Kittel, Sara Y Brucker
BACKGROUND: Access to highly specialized health care services and support to meet the patient's specific needs is critical for health outcome, especially during age-related transitions within the health care system such as with adolescents entering adult medicine. Being affected by an orphan disease complicates the situation in several important respects. Long distances to dedicated institutions and scarcity of knowledge, even among medical doctors, may present major obstacles for proper access to health care services and health chances...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425882/associations-between-the-big-five-personality-traits-and-a-medical-school-admission-interview
#6
Isabel Lourinho, André Moreira, Rui Mota-Cardoso, Milton Severo, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Personality has became popular in medical student's selection. However, few research exists about the association between the big five personality traits and the existent medical school selection tools. Our aim was to study which personality traits were selected by a medical school admission interview. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred ninety four graduate applicants that had applied to the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto through the graduate entry approach, after ranked on previous achievement, were interviewed between the academic years of 2011 and 2013...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421117/chronic-pain-in-children-a-look-at-the-referral-process-to-a-pediatric-pain-clinic
#7
Giovanni Cucchiaro, Jennifer Schwartz, Alec Hutchason, Beatriz Ornelas
We reviewed the referral pattern of children with chronic pain to a specialized pediatric pain clinic. Data were obtained from referring physicians and medical records and during an interview with patients and their parents by physicians and a psychologist. We analyzed the following: referral diagnosis, demographics, duration of symptoms, number of physicians previously consulted, school attendance, sports activities, presence of psychological disorders, final team diagnosis, and outcomes. Children had been experiencing pain for 34 ± 55 months...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415896/multiple-mini-interviews-mmi-a-perspective-on-the-first-year-of-mmi-at-brighton-and-sussex-medical-school
#8
Simonne Tryb
Since it was developed at McMaster University School of Medicine in 2002, multiple medical interviews (MMI) have become a popular and accepted method of assessing candidates applying for medical training. Unlike a traditional panel interview it resembles the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) with numerous 8-10 min stations assessing different topics or scenarios pertinent to medical training and healthcare. This was the first year of implementing MMI at Brighton and Sussex Medical School and my first year of interviewing...
April 18, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406113/creating-a-longitudinal-database-in-medical-education-perspectives-from-the-pioneers
#9
Rashmi A Kusurkar, Gerda Croiset
The Jefferson Longitudinal Study of Medical Education (JLSME) is the longest running database in medical education and covers the collection and measurement of background, learning, performance, and psychosocial variables before, during, and after medical school. Recently, our research group at VU University Medical Center School of Medical Sciences launched a longitudinal study in medical education, called the "Student Motivation and Success Study." While setting up this study, we faced many challenges and learning about the JLSME helped us gain a fresh perspective on our work...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406112/doctors-of-tomorrow-an-innovative-curriculum-connecting-underrepresented-minority-high-school-students-to-medical-school
#10
Jordan Derck, Kate Zahn, Jonathan F Finks, Simanjit Mand, Gurjit Sandhu
BACKGROUND: Racial minorities continue to be underrepresented in medicine (URiM). Increasing provider diversity is an essential component of addressing disparity in health delivery and outcomes. The pool of students URiM that are competitive applicants to medical school is often limited early on by educational inequalities in primary and secondary schooling. A growing body of evidence recognizing the importance of diversifying health professions advances the need for medical schools to develop outreach collaborations with primary and secondary schools to attract URiMs...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394059/cultural-minority-students-experiences-with-intercultural-competency-in-medical-education
#11
Hannah Leyerzapf, Tineke Abma
CONTEXT: Medical schools increasingly value and focus on teaching students intercultural competency within present-day multicultural society. Little is known about the experiences of cultural minority students in intercultural competence activities. OBJECTIVES: This article discusses the intercultural competence activities of medical education in a Dutch university from the perspective of cultural minority students. We will formulate recommendations for how to stimulate intercultural competency in, as well as inclusiveness of, medical education...
May 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385134/an-outbreak-of-salmonella-saintpaul-gastroenteritis-after-attending-a-school-camp-in-the-northern-territory-australia
#12
Anthony Dk Draper, Claire N Morton, Joshua Ni Heath, Justin A Lim, Peter G Markey
An outbreak of salmonellosis occurred following attendance at a school camp between 5 and 8 August 2014 in a remote area of the Northern Territory, Australia. We conducted a retrospective cohort study via telephone interviews, using a structured questionnaire that recorded symptoms and exposures to foods and activities during the camp. A case was anyone with laboratory confirmed Salmonella Saintpaul infection or a clinically compatible illness after attending the camp. Environmental health officers from the Environmental Health Branch undertook an investigation and collected water and environmental samples...
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383546/mosaic-trisomy-16-what-are-the-obstetric-and-long-term-childhood-outcomes
#13
Teresa N Sparks, Kao Thao, Mary E Norton
PURPOSE: To evaluate obstetric and neonatal outcomes as well as long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes and quality of life among prenatally detected cases of mosaic trisomy (MT16) and confined placental mosaicism (CPM) for trisomy 16. METHODS: We recruited participants for this cross-sectional study through an international registry of families with children diagnosed with MT16 or CPM. Parents were interviewed about expectations based on prenatal counseling as well as about actual perinatal outcomes, congenital anomalies, medical conditions, and school progress...
April 6, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379088/realist-evaluation-of-faculty-development-for-medical-educators-what-works-for-whom-and-why-in-the-long-term
#14
Olanrewaju O Sorinola, Jill Thistlethwaite, David Davies, Ed Peile
PURPOSE: Realism is a perspective in which entities exist independently of being perceived or independently of our theories about them. The realist framework with its principle of explanatory causation was used for an in-depth exploration of faculty development (FD) since, despite the widespread investment in FD, the evidence that it enhances the effectiveness of teaching in the long-term is still limited. The study aimed to develop realist theories that explain the connections between contexts (C), mechanisms (M) and outcomes (O) to find out what works for whom and why in FD...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379081/tensions-in-mentoring-medical-students-toward-self-directed-and-reflective-learning-in-a-longitudinal-portfolio-based-mentoring-system-an-activity-theory-analysis
#15
Sylvia Heeneman, Willem de Grave
BACKGROUND: In medical education, students need to acquire skills to self-direct(ed) learning (SDL), to enable their development into self-directing and reflective professionals. This study addressed the mentor perspective on how processes in the mentor-student interaction influenced development of SDL. METHODS: n = 22 mentors of a graduate-entry medical school with a problem-based curriculum and longitudinal mentoring system were interviewed (n = 1 recording failed)...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376068/parents-perspective-on-trainees-performing-invasive-procedures-a-qualitative-evaluation
#16
Madeline L McCarthy, Lindsey T Chaudoin, Mark R Mercurio, Elizabeth G J O'Brien, Sweta Bhargava, Sarah Y Cohen, Marc Auerbach, Gunjan Tiyyagura
OBJECTIVES: When obtaining informed permission from parents for invasive procedures, trainees and supervisors often do not disclose information about the trainee's level of experience. The objectives of this study were 3-fold: (1) to assess parents' understanding of both academic medical training and the role of the trainee and the supervisor, (2) to explore parents' preferences about transparency related to a trainee's experience, and (3) to examine parents' willingness to allow trainees to perform invasive procedures...
April 4, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375496/a-review-and-survey-of-neurosurgeon-hospital-relationships-evolution-and-options
#17
Dong H Kim, Bernard Duco, Daniel Wolterman, Charles Stokes, Rod Brace, Robert A Solomon, Nicholas Barbaro, Richard Westmark, David MacDougall, James Bean, Joanna O'Leary, Nicole Moayeri, Ralph G Dacey, Mitchel S Berger, Robert Harbaugh
As healthcare delivery shifts from fee-for-service, episodic care to pay for performance and population health, both hospitals and physicians are looking for new forms of integration. A number of regulations and restrictions govern physician relationships with hospitals. In this paper, we review the legal basis for such relationships and the options available. We also survey neurosurgeons and hospital executives to gain their perspective on the current situation and likely future. Two series of structured interviews were conducted with 10 neurosurgeons who work in a range of situations in diverse markets, and with Memorial Hermann Healthcare System senior executive leadership...
April 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374229/the-impact-of-curriculum-design-in-the-acquisition-of-knowledge-of-oncology-comparison-among-four-medical-schools
#18
Dario Cecilio-Fernandes, Wytze S Aalders, André J A Bremers, René A Tio, Jakob de Vries
Over the past 5 years, cancer has replaced coronary heart disease as the leading cause of death in the Netherlands. It is thus paramount that medical doctors acquire a knowledge of cancer, since most of them will face many patients with cancer. Studies, however, have indicated that there is a deficit in knowledge of oncology among medical students, which may be due not only to the content but also to the structure of the curriculum. In this study, we compared students' knowledge acquisition in four different undergraduate medical programs...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370841/treatment-recidivism-in-adolescents-with-mental-illness-a-focused-applied-medical-ethnography
#19
Chukwudi C Ekwemalor, Cathy L Rozmus, Joan C Engebretson, Marianne T Marcus, Rebecca L Casarez, Andrew R Harper
PROBLEM: Treatment recidivism, described as frequent unplanned relapse readmissions, is a national problem predominant in adolescents with mental illness. Because the main triggers of treatment recidivism are not fully understood, the purpose of this study was to explore treatment recidivism (i) to better understand treatment recidivism from the perspectives of recidivist adolescents with mental illness, (ii) to describe major factors that contribute to treatment recidivism and how best to minimize them from the perspectives of these adolescents, and (iii) to describe their interaction with the medical culture...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367733/prevalence-and-correlates-of-probable-hiv-associated-dementia-in-hiv-outpatients-in-ho-chi-minh-city-vietnam
#20
Thanh Truc Thai, Mairwen K Jones, Lynne M Harris, Robert C Heard
This study identified prevalence and correlates of HIV-associated dementia (HAD) among people living with HIV (PLWHA) in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Four hundred PLWHA completed a self-report questionnaire and were interviewed by a trained researcher to assess HAD using the International HIV Dementia Scale (IHDS). Clinical information concerning HIV treatment was also extracted from medical records. The results indicate the prevalence of probable HAD based on IHDS score <10.5 was 39.8% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 35...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
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