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Medical school interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228876/crossing-professional-cultures-a-qualitative-study-of-nurses-working-in-a-medical-school
#1
Eileen McKinlay, Peter Gallagher, Bernadette Jones, Lindsay Macdonald, Christine Barthow
BACKGROUND: Leaving the nursing workforce is often seen as a loss to the profession. However some nurses maintain a current nursing registration and work outside their disciplinary field within university schools of medicine. Little is known about the nature of their work and why they choose to work in this setting. AIM: To explore and describe the experiences of nurses who work in a medical school. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive informed by autoethnography...
December 11, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227134/evaluating-the-effect-of-the-practical-approach-to-care-kit-on-teaching-medical-students-primary-care-quasi-experimental-study
#2
Robert Mash, Michael Pather, Hilary Rhode, Lara Fairall
BACKGROUND: South Africa is committed to health reforms that strengthen primary health care. Preparing future doctors to work in primary care teams with other professionals is a priority, and medical schools have shifted towards community-based and decentralised training of medical students. AIM: To evaluate the effect on student performance of the Practical Approach to Care Kit (PACK) (an integrated decision-making tool for adult primary care) during the final phase of medical student training at Stellenbosch University...
December 8, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214222/reasons-to-pursue-a-career-in-medicine-a-qualitative-study-in-sierra-leone
#3
Aniek Woodward, Suzanne Thomas, Mohamed Bella Jalloh, John Rees, Andrew Leather
Background: Many low-income and crises-affected countries like Sierra Leone struggle with the recruitment and retention of their health professionals, particularly nurses and doctors. There are multiple factors that influence the 'recruitment to retention' pipeline. The first stage of an exploration into the issues influencing the availability of qualified health care workers may focus on the aspects which influence their entry into relevant educational programmes. This paper explores the reasons given by junior doctors in Sierra Leone for wanting to become a doctor...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211168/burden-of-caregivers-of-children-and-adolescents-with-down-syndrome
#4
Alina Lúcia Oliveira Barros, Amanda Oliveira Barros, Geni Leda de Medeiros Barros, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Santos
The aim of this study was to evaluate the profile and burden of caregivers of children/adolescents with and without Down syndrome. The evaluations were performed through questionnaires about the profile and burden of the caregivers (Zarit Burden Interview) and the profile of the children/adolescents. These questionnaires were applied to 168 caregivers. The chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and analysis of variance were used with a significance level set at a = 5%. Both groups were composed of 84 participants, and the caregivers of the disabled group had a significantly higher percentage of females (p = 0...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210592/the-recent-pathology-residency-graduate-job-search-experience-a-synthesis-of-5-years-of-college-of-american-pathologists-job-market-surveys
#5
Dita Gratzinger, Kristen A Johnson, Mark D Brissette, David Cohen, Amyn M Rojiani, Richard M Conran, Robert D Hoffman, Miriam D Post, Cindy B McCloskey, Cory A Roberts, Ronald E Domen, Michael L Talbert, Suzanne Z Powell
CONTEXT: - Pathology residents and fellows tailor their training and job search strategies to an actively evolving specialty in the setting of scientific and technical advances and simultaneous changes in health care economics. OBJECTIVE: - To assess the experience and outcome of the job search process of pathologists searching for their first non-fellowship position. DESIGN: - The College of American Pathologists (CAP) Graduate Medical Education Committee has during the past 5 years sent an annual job search survey each June to CAP junior members and fellows in practice 3 years or less who have actively searched for a non-fellowship position...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209442/getting-to-phase-3-an-interview-with-virginia-s-cowen-phd-lmt
#6
EDITORIAL
Ann Blair Kennedy
I feel that it is important to know the stories behind those who are working hard in the field to bring forward massage therapy research. Interviews with massage therapy researchers will now occasionally be included in the Journal as a new editorial feature. The first interview is with Virginia S. Cowen, PhD, LMT a New York State-licensed and NCB board-certified massage therapist with a PhD from Arizona State. She first became interested in massage therapy research while in massage therapy school, and her most recent work is investigating the integration of massage therapy into medical settings...
December 2017: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207456/a-study-of-satisfaction-of-medical-students-on-their-mentoring-programs-at-one-medical-school-in-korea
#7
Yedam Ho, Oh Young Kwon, So Youn Park, Tai Young Yoon
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness levels of medical students regarding the characteristics of each function within a mentoring program conducted within Kyung Hee University and to ultimately suggest points for reformation. Medical students' awareness levels were determined using a 29-item questionnaire. METHODS: The questionnaire was conducted on 347 medical students, excluding 25 students who either marked multiple answers or did not reply...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207455/verbal-communication-of-students-with-high-patient-physician-interaction-scores-in-a-clinical-performance-examination-assessed-by-standardized-patients
#8
HyeRin Roh, Kyung Hye Park, Song Yi Park
PURPOSE: Standardized patients (SPs) tend to rate medical students' communication skills subjectively and comprehensively, in contrast to such objective skill set defined in the clinical performance examination (CPX). Meanwhile, medical school instructors have a different approach in their evaluation of students' communication skills. We aim to analyze medical students' verbal communication skills using objective methods, and to determine the contributing factors of a patient-physician interaction (PPI) score...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203082/training-tomorrow-s-doctors-to-explain-medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms-an-examination-of-uk-medical-educators-views-of-barriers-and-solutions
#9
Emmeline Joyce, Jennifer Cowing, Candice Lazarus, Charlotte Smith, Victoria Zenzuck, Sarah Peters
OBJECTIVE: Co-occuring physical symptoms, unexplained by organic pathology (known as Functional Syndromes, FS), are common and disabling presentations. However, FS is absent or inconsistently taught within undergraduate medical training. This study investigates the reasons for this and identifies potential solutions to improved implementation. METHODS: Twenty-eight medical educators from thirteen different UK medical schools participated in semi-structured interviews...
November 28, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196472/first-person-ana-nascimento
#10
(no author information available yet)
First Person is a series of interviews with the first authors of a selection of papers published in Journal of Cell Science, helping early-career researchers promote themselves alongside their papers. Ana Nascimento is the first author on 'KIF13A mediates trafficking of influenza A virus ribonucleoproteins', published in Journal of Cell Science. Ana conducted the work in this article in Maria João Amorim's lab at the Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Portugal. She is now a PhD student in the lab of Beate Sodeik at the Institute of Virology at Hannover Medical School, investigating host-pathogen interactions, particularly involving viruses...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196471/first-person-lai-kuan-dionne-and-eric-peterman
#11
(no author information available yet)
First Person is a series of interviews with the first authors of a selection of papers published in Journal of Cell Science, helping early-career researchers promote themselves alongside their papers. Lai Kuan Dionne and Eric Peterman are co-first authors on 'FYCO1 regulates accumulation of post-mitotic midbodies by mediating LC3-dependent midbody degradation', published in Journal of Cell Science. Lai Kuan Dionne is a post-doctoral associate in the lab of Moe Mahjoub at Washington University School of Medicine, investigating the molecular mechanisms of post-mitotic midbody accumulation and secretion in health and diseases...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190443/corrigendum-to-it-s-more-than-money-policy-options-to-secure-medical-specialist-workforce-for-regional-centres
#12
Jennifer May, Judi Walker, Mathew McGrail, Fran Rolley
Objectives Regional centres and their rural hinterlands support significant populations of non-metropolitan Australians. Despite their importance in the settlement hierarchy and the key medical services provided from these centres, little research has focused on their issues of workforce supply and long-term service requirements. In addition, they are a critical component of the recent growth of 'regional' hub-and-spoke specialist models of service delivery.Methods The present study interviewed 62 resident specialists in four regional centres, seeking to explore recruitment and retention factors important to their location decision making...
December 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190407/perceptions-of-nutrition-education-in-the-current-medical-school-curriculum
#13
Robin L Danek, Kathryn L Berlin, Gabi N Waite, Roy W Geib
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although the National Academy of Sciences has recommended a minimum of 25 hours of nutrition education, the majority of medical schools offer very little to no training or education in nutrition to medical students during their tenure in medical school. In order to assess the relevance and efficacy of current levels of nutrition training as viewed by students, residents, and physicians, as well as possible areas for further improvement, the authors conducted a qualitative study exploring students' experiences...
November 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190142/biomedical-science-undergraduate-major-a-new-pathway-to-advance-research-and-the-health-professions
#14
John S Gunn, Cynthia H Ledford, Steven J Mousetes, Michael R Grever
PROBLEM: Many students entering professional degree programs, particularly M.D., Ph.D., and M.D./Ph.D., are not well prepared regarding the breadth of scientific knowledge required, communication skills, research experience, reading and understanding the scientific literature, and significant shadowing (for M.D.-related professions). In addition, physician scientists are a needed and necessary part of the academic research environment but are dwindling in numbers. INTERVENTION: In response to predictions of critical shortages of clinician investigators and the lack of proper preparation as undergraduates for these professions, the Biomedical Science (BMS) undergraduate major was created at The Ohio State University to attract incoming college freshmen with interests in scientific research and the healthcare professions...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178949/valued-experiences-of-graduate-students-in-their-role-as-educators-in-undergraduate-training-in-ugandan-medical-schools
#15
Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Jannat Kasozi, Aluonzi Burani, Wycliff Byona, Claude Kirimuhuzya, Sarah Kiguli
BACKGROUND: In most medical schools, graduate students, sometimes referred to as graduate teaching assistants, often participate in the training of undergraduate students. In developing countries like Uganda, are typically involved in undergraduate training. However, prior to this study there were no standard guidelines for this involvement. At the same time, the views and experiences of the graduate students in their role as educators had not been documented. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the views and experiences of graduate students about their involvement in undergraduate training in three Ugandan medical schools...
November 25, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174240/predicting-resident-performance-from-pre-residency-factors-a-systematic-review-and-applicability-to-neurosurgical-training
#16
REVIEW
Scott L Zuckerman, Patrick D Kelly, Michael C Dewan, Peter J Morone, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Jordan A Magarik, Ronnie E Baticulon, Edie E Zusman, Gary S Solomon, John C Wellons
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgical educators strive to identify the best applicants, yet formal study of resident selection has proven difficult. We conducted a systematic review to answer the following question: what objective and subjective pre-residency factors predict resident success? METHODS: PubMed, ProQuest, Embase, and the CINAHL databases were queried from 1952-2015 for literature reporting the impact of pre-residency factors (PRF) on outcomes of residency success (RS), among neurosurgery and all surgical sub-specialties...
November 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174106/a-rapid-qualitative-assessment-of-oral-cholera-vaccine-anticipated-acceptability-in-a-context-of-resistance-towards-cholera-intervention-in-nampula-mozambique
#17
Rachel Démolis, Carlos Botão, Léonard W Heyerdahl, Bradford D Gessner, Philippe Cavailler, Celestino Sinai, Amílcar Magaço, Jean-Bernard Le Gargasson, Martin Mengel, Elise Guillermet
INTRODUCTION: While planning an immunization campaign in settings where public health interventions are subject to politically motivated resistance, designing context-based social mobilization strategies is critical to ensure community acceptability. In preparation for an Oral Cholera Vaccine campaign implemented in Nampula, Mozambique, in November 2016, we assessed potential barriers and levers for vaccine acceptability. METHODS: Questionnaires, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions, as well as observations, were conducted before the campaign...
November 23, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172856/contextual-attributes-promote-or-hinder-self-regulated-learning-a-qualitative-study-contrasting-rural-physicians-with-undergraduate-learners-in-japan
#18
Yasushi Matsuyama, Motoyuki Nakaya, Hitoaki Okazaki, Jimmie Leppink, Cees van der Vleuten
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies support the notion that East Asian medical students do not possess sufficient self-regulation for postgraduate clinical training. However, some East Asian physicians who are employed in geographically isolated and educationally underserved rural settings can self-regulate their study during the early phase of their postgraduate career. To explore the contextual attributes that contribute to self-regulated learning (SRL), we examined the differences in self-regulation between learning as an undergraduate and in a rural context in East Asia...
November 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169783/the-2017-integrated-ir-residency-match-results-of-a-national-survey-of-applicants-and-program-directors
#19
Daniel M DePietro, Ryan M Kiefer, Jonas W Redmond, Jason C Hoffmann, Scott O Trerotola, Gregory J Nadolski
PURPOSE: To characterize and compare the experiences of matched applicants and program directors (PDs) participating in the first large-scale integrated interventional radiology (IR) residency match. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Survey questionnaires were distributed nationally to integrated IR applicants who matched in the 2017 Match cycle and PDs. Both groups were questioned regarding their experiences with the application, interview, rank, and match processes as well as applicant-specific and PD-specific information...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168954/social-mobilization-for-safe-transition-from-adolescence-a-qualitative-research-in-iran
#20
Nezal Azh, Fatemeh Nahidi, Giti Ozgoli, Gelayol Ardalan
Introduction Until now, the services provided to Iranian youth have been prepared based on authorities' perspectives and according to the resources and reports from other countries and international agencies. Using youth perspectives to provide health, however, helps in continuing the process of providing health services, and most young people will receive these services. Objective To explain perception of youth and key individuals to improve health programs for safe transition in Iran. Methodology This study is a qualitative research with a grounded theory approach...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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