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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050656/promoting-policy-development-through-community-participatory-approaches-to-health-promotion-the-philadelphia-ujima-experience
#1
Candace Robertson-James, Lidyvez Sawyer, Ana Núñez, Bernadette Campoli, Diana Robertson, Amanda DeVilliers, Sharon Congleton, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: The Philadelphia Ujima Coalition for a Healthier Community (Philadelphia Ujima) promotes health improvement of girls, women, and their families using a gender framework and community-based participatory research approach to addressing gender-based disparities. Institutional policies developed through community-based participatory research approaches are integral to sustaining gender-integrated health-promotion programs and necessary for reducing gender health inequities. This paper describes the results of a policy analysis of the Philadelphia Ujima coalition partner sites and highlights two case studies...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045275/medical-education-in-decentralized-settings-how-medical-students-contribute-to-health-care-in-10-sub-saharan-african-countries
#2
Zohray Talib, Susan van Schalkwyk, Ian Couper, Swaha Pattanaik, Khadija Turay, Atiene S Sagay, Rhona Baingana, Sarah Baird, Bernhard Gaede, Jehu Iputo, Minnie Kibore, Rachel Manongi, Antony Matsika, Mpho Mogodi, Jeremais Ramucesse, Heather Ross, Moses Simuyeba, Damen Haile-Mariam
PURPOSE: African medical schools are expanding, straining resources at tertiary health facilities. Decentralizing clinical training can alleviate this tension. This study assessed the impact of decentralized training and contribution of undergraduate medical students at health facilities. METHOD: Participants were from 11 Medical Education Partnership Initiative-funded medical schools in 10 African countries. Each school identified two clinical training sites-one rural and the other either peri-urban or urban...
October 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045274/recruiting-american-indian-alaska-native-students-to-medical-school-a-multi-institutional-alliance-in-the-u-s-southwest
#3
Marlene P Ballejos, Polly Olsen, Tanisha Price-Johnson, Cindy Garcia, Tassy Parker, Robert E Sapién, Valerie Romero-Leggott
PROBLEM: Despite national efforts to diversify the physician workforce, American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) individuals have the least representation of all major racial and ethnic groups. Limited resources at state medical schools present institution-level recruitment challenges. Unified efforts to engage AI/AN students in premedical education activities are needed. APPROACH: The medical schools at the Universities of Arizona (Phoenix and Tucson), Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah identified a collective need to increase student diversity, particularly with regard to AI/AN students...
October 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045260/encopresis-plus
#4
DePorres Cormier, Marie Reilly, Amy Young, Marilyn Augustyn
Dexter is a 12-year-old boy who presents with his maternal grandmother for follow-up to primary care for secondary encopresis. Dexter presented, 18 months ago, with a 3-month history of secondary encopresis. At that time, a comprehensive assessment revealed functional constipation resulting in encopresis. Dexter's symptoms resolved with a combination of medication management and behavioral strategies; laxatives were discontinued 12 months ago.Dexter's grandmother reports that for the past 6 months, her grandson developed encopresis once again...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044652/the-impact-of-accreditation-on-medical-schools-processes
#5
Danielle Blouin, Ara Tekian, Carol Kamin, Ilene B Harris
OBJECTIVES: Increased emphasis is being placed worldwide on accreditation of undergraduate medical education programmes, and costs of participation in accreditation continue to rise. The primary purposes of accreditation are to ensure the quality of medical education and to promote quality improvement. Student performance data as indicators of the impact of accreditation have important limitations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of accreditation using an innovative marker: the processes implemented at medical schools as a result of accreditation...
October 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043906/parkinson-s-disease-and-the-quest-for-preclinical-diagnosis-an-interview-with-professor-werner-poewe
#6
Werner Poewe
Werner Poewe speaks to Laura Dormer, Editorial Director: Professor Werner Poewe is Professor of Neurology and Director of the Department of Neurology at Innsbruck Medical University in Innsbruck, Austria. He held a Residency in Clinical Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Innsbruck, Austria, from 1977 to 1984. From 1984 to 1985 he teamed up with Gerald Stern and Andrew Lees as a British Council Research Fellow at University College and Middlesex Hospital's Medical School in London to perform clinical studies into levodopa-induced dystonia and pharmacokinetics of levodopa in naive versus L-Dopa treated Parkinson's disease...
October 18, 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042781/children-with-borderline-intellectual-functioning-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-developmental-trajectories-from-4-to-11-years-of-age
#7
Martina Barnevik Olsson, Anette Holm, Joakim Westerlund, Åsa Lundholm Hedvall, Christopher Gillberg, Elisabeth Fernell
BACKGROUND: Studies on autism have tended to focus either on those with intellectual disability (ie, those with intellectual quotient [IQ] under 70) or on the group that is referred to as "high-functioning", that is, those with borderline, average or above average IQ. The literature on cognition and daily functioning in autism spectrum disorder combined specifically with borderline intellectual functioning (IQ 70-84) is limited. METHODS: From a representative group of 208 preschool children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, those 50 children in the group with borderline intellectual functioning at ages 4...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041926/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-intestinal-parasites-among-food-handlers-of-food-and-drinking-establishments-in-aksum-town-northern-ethiopia
#8
Dejen Gezehegn, Mebrahtu Abay, Desalegn Tetemke, Hiwet Zelalem, Hafte Teklay, Zeray Baraki, Girmay Medhin
BACKGROUND: Various epidemiological studies indicate that the prevalence of intestinal parasites is high in developing countries and those parasites are major public health importance in Sub-Saharan Africa. Their distribution is mainly associated with poor personal hygiene, environmental sanitation and lack of access to clean water. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection and identify factors associated with intestinal parasitic infection among food handlers in the Aksum Town of Tigray Regional State, North Ethiopia...
October 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038696/exploring-the-perception-of-nursing-students-about-consequences-of-reflection-in-clinical-settings
#9
Shahnaz Karimi, Fariba Haghani, Nikoo Yamani, Majid Najafi Kalyani
BACKGROUND: Reflection on practical experiences is a key element that enables students to recognize their own strengths and weaknesses and develop nursing skills. Whilst reflection may enhance students' learning in practice, there is little evidence about nursing students' perception of the consequences of reflection in clinical settings. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore Iranian nursing students' perception regarding the consequences of reflection during clinical practices...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030731/burden-of-migraine-in-a-kuwaiti-population-a-door-to-door-survey
#10
Jasem Yousef Al-Hashel, Samar Farouk Ahmed, Raed Alroughani
BACKGROUND: Migraine prevalence and disability imprints on Kuwaiti population are underreported. We aimed to measure the prevalence of migraine and to assess its burden in Kuwait. METHODS: A cross-sectional community-based study was conducted which included biologically unrelated Kuwaiti adult population aged 18-65 years. They were randomly recruited from all six governments of Kuwait using stratified multistage cluster sampling. Trained interviewers visited the samples in door-to-door approach...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026812/medical-student-perception-of-plastic-surgery-and-the-impact-of-mainstream-media
#11
S J Fraser, S Al Youha, P J Rasmussen, J G Williams
BACKGROUND: Plastic surgery as a discipline is poorly understood by many, including primary care physicians, nurses, medical students, and the public. These misconceptions affect the specialty in a number of ways, including referral patterns and recruitment of medical students into residency programs. The reason for these commonly held misconceptions has not yet been addressed in the plastic surgery literature. As such, we assessed medical students' knowledge and perceptions of plastic surgery as a discipline and explored factors influencing these opinions...
February 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023294/cleft-lip-and-palate-demographic-patterns-and-the-associated-communication-disorders
#12
Firas S D Alfwaress, Fadwa A Khwaileh, Ma'amon A Rawashdeh, Mahmoud A Alomari, Mohammad S Nazzal
PURPOSE: This study investigated demographical characteristics, health status, and associated communication disorders in patients with orofacial clefts (OFCs) in Northern Jordan. METHODS: A retrospective study of 226 cleft patients and their families was carried out between March 2012 and September 2016 at the Speech and Hearing Clinic and the Maxillofacial Center at King Abdullah University Hospital. Data were collected by interviewing patients and caregivers, having patients or caregiver to complete a questionnaire and reviewing the patient's medical records...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016651/soccer-based-promotion-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-with-secondary-students-in-uganda
#13
George Miiro, Jeff DeCelles, Rwamahe Rutakumwa, Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro, Philip Muzira, Wilber Ssembajjwe, Saidat Musoke, Lorna J Gibson, Rebecca B Hershow, Suzanna Francis, Belen Torondel, David A Ross, Helen A Weiss
The Ugandan government is committed to scaling-up proven HIV prevention strategies including safe male circumcision, and innovative strategies are needed to increase circumcision uptake. The aim of this study was to assess the acceptability and feasibility of implementing a soccer-based intervention ("Make The Cut") among schoolboys in a peri-urban district of Uganda. The intervention was led by trained, recently circumcised "coaches" who facilitated a 60-minute session delivered in schools, including an interactive penalty shoot-out game using metaphors for HIV prevention, sharing of the coaches' circumcision story, group discussion and ongoing engagement from the coach to facilitate linkage to male circumcision...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991842/medical-school-factors-that-prepare-students-to-become-leaders-in-medicine
#14
Louise Arnold, Paul G Cuddy, Susan B Hathaway, Jennifer L Quaintance, Steven L Kanter
PURPOSE: To identify medical school factors graduates in major leadership positions perceive as contributing to their leadership development. METHOD: Using a phenomenological, qualitative approach, in August-November 2015 the authors conducted semistructured interviews with 48 medical leaders who were 1976-1999 baccalaureate-MD graduates of the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine (UMKC). At UMKC, they participated in longitudinal learning communities, the centerpiece for learning professional values and behaviors plus clinical skills, knowledge, and judgment, but received no formal leadership instruction...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990637/qualitative-study-of-depression-literacy-among-korean-american-parents-of-adolescents
#15
Yoo Mi Jeong, Linda L McCreary, Tonda L Hughes
Lack of depression literacy is associated with low help-seeking behaviors for mental health care in adolescents. As parents generally determine adolescents' health care, ensuring parents can recognize depressive symptoms is crucial. The current study explored depression literacy among Korean American parents of adolescents ages 12 to 19 using a qualitative descriptive design. Semantic content analysis was performed using data from three focus group interviews conducted in 2015 with Korean American parents (10 mothers, four fathers) of adolescents...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974636/an-interview-with-jayaraj-rajagopal
#16
Aidan Maartens
Jayaraj (Jay) Rajagopal is a Principal Investigator at the Center for Regenerative Medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital and an Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. A Howard Hughes Medical Institute Faculty Scholar, his lab works on the development and regeneration of the lung. He uses stem cell and animal models to develop novel insights that hopefully will provide inspiration for therapies to help treat human lung disease. He was awarded the Dr Susan Lim Award for Outstanding Young Investigator at the 2017 International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR) meeting in Boston (MA,USA), where we met him to talk about how a fish tank started a life-long fascination with the lung, the transition to running his own lab, and his optimism for the future of both basic stem cell research and its clinical translation...
October 1, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970771/attitudes-of-medical-students-towards-taking-part-time-jobs-a-study-amongst-first-year-clinical-students-of-the-college-of-medicine-university-of-ibadan
#17
K K Kanmodi, A G Akinloye, T O Aladelusi
BACKGROUND: Student part-time jobs are employments taken up by students while in school. Students in tertiary institutions do engage in part-time jobs because of the associated benefits. Some of these benefits include work experience, independence, financial support, and job satisfaction. Different studies have reported different attitudes towards taking part-time jobs among university students. OBJECTIVE: To determine the attitudes of medical students in their first clinical year of study at the University of Ibadan medical school towards taking up parttime medical jobs within the university hospital...
June 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970444/teaching-prescribing-just-what-the-doctor-ordered-a-thematic-analysis-of-the-views-of-newly-qualified-doctors
#18
Christina R Hansen, Elaine K Walsh, Colin P Bradley, Laura J Sahm
Undergraduate medical education has been criticised for failing to adequately prepare doctors for the task of prescribing. Pharmacists have been shown to improve medication use in hospitals. This study aims to elicit the views of intern doctors on the challenges of prescribing, and to suggest changes in education to enhance prescribing practice and potential role of the pharmacist. Semi-structured, qualitative interviews were conducted with intern doctors in their first year post qualification in an Irish hospital...
June 13, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964745/comparative-assessment-of-grit-conscientiousness-and-self-control-in-applicants-interviewing-for-residency-positions-and-current-orthopaedic-surgery-residents
#19
Anne M Kelly, Kimberly W Townsend, Shauna Davis, Lola Nouryan, Mathias P G Bostrom, Karla J Felix
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to quantify grit, conscientiousness, and self-control in orthopaedic residency applicants and current orthopaedic surgery residents. As part of a continual reassessment of the selection process, this study will help to improve this process by assessing the introduction of these non-cognitive assessments. This is the first study to both evaluate and compare the applicants' scores to those of current residents. This introduction will allow selection of not only the current top performers but those who have the wherewithal (read grit) to sustain their efforts throughout their residency...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956195/qualitative-analysis-of-mmi-raters-scorings-of-medical-school-candidates-a-matter-of-taste
#20
Mette K Christensen, Eva Lykkegaard, Ole Lund, Lotte D O'Neill
Recent years have seen leading medical educationalists repeatedly call for a paradigm shift in the way we view, value and use subjectivity in assessment. The argument is that subjective expert raters generally bring desired quality, not just noise, to performance evaluations. While several reviews document the psychometric qualities of the Multiple Mini-Interview (MMI), we currently lack qualitative studies examining what we can learn from MMI raters' subjectivity. The present qualitative study therefore investigates rater subjectivity or taste in MMI selection interview...
September 27, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
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