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Head cancer exercise

Gabriela Constantinescu, William Hodgetts, Dylan Scott, Kristina Kuffel, Ben King, Chris Brodt, Jana Rieger
Surface electromyography (sEMG) is used as an adjuvant to dysphagia therapy to demonstrate the activity of submental muscles during swallowing exercises. Mechanomyography (MMG) has been suggested as a potential superior alternative to sEMG; however, this advantage is not confirmed for signal acquired from submental muscles. This study compared the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) obtained from sEMG and MMG sensors during swallowing tasks, in healthy participants and those with a history of head and neck cancer (HNC), a population with altered anatomy and a high incidence of dysphagia...
August 26, 2016: Dysphagia
Katherine A Hutcheson, Martha P Barrow, Denise A Barringer, Jodi K Knott, Heather Y Lin, Randal S Weber, Clifton D Fuller, Stephen Y Lai, Clare P Alvarez, Janhavi Raut, Cathy L Lazarus, Annette May, Joanne Patterson, Justin W G Roe, Heather M Starmer, Jan S Lewin
BACKGROUND: The National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) is the universal framework for toxicity reporting in oncology trials. The objective of this study was to develop a CTCAE-compatible modified barium swallow (MBS) grade for the purpose of grading pharyngeal dysphagia as a toxicity endpoint in cooperative-group organ-preservation trials for head and neck cancer (HNC). It was hypothesized that a 5-point, CTCAE-compatible MBS grade (Dynamic Imaging Grade of Swallowing Toxicity [DIGEST]) based on the interaction of pharyngeal residue and laryngeal penetration/aspiration ratings would be feasible and psychometrically sound...
August 26, 2016: Cancer
Alison Perry, Siew Hwa Lee, Susan Cotton, Catriona Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer treatment has developed over the last decade, with improved mortality and survival rates, but the treatments often result in dysphagia (a difficulty in swallowing) as a side effect. This may be acute, resolving after treatment, or remain as a long-term negative sequela of head and neck cancer (HNC) treatment. Interventions to counteract the problems associated with dysphagia include swallowing exercises or modification of diet (bolus texture, size), or both...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Julie Williams Merten, Alexander Parker, Adrienne Williams, Jessica L King, Erin Largo-Wight, Morsal Osmani
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the USA. Incidence and mortality rates for cancer have risen steadily and cost the healthcare system over $264 billion annually. Cancer risk can be reduced by restricting alcohol consumption, avoiding tobacco, eating a balanced diet, limiting sun exposure, exercising, and seeking routine cancer screenings. The purpose of this study is to examine cancer risk factor knowledge among college students. Researchers surveyed undergraduate and graduate students (n = 758) at a mid-sized public university in the Southeast about their knowledge regarding cancer risk factors including smoking, alcohol consumption, diet, obesity, hypertension, and human papillomavirus (HPV)...
August 6, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Sindhu Nagaraja, S Amrut Kadam, Karthikeyan Selvaraj, Iqbal Ahmed, Rajesh Javarappa
CONTEXT: Trismus is one of the common late side effects of radiotherapy (RT) of head and neck cancers. It occurs in about 30% of patients treated by telecobalt. It, in turn, leads to significant morbidity, including malnutrition, difficulty in speaking, and compromised oral hygiene with severe psychosocial, and economic impacts. AIMS: To determine the prevalence of trismus and its progression in patients who have received radical concurrent chemoradiation for head and neck cancer by telecobalt at our institution...
April 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Gabriela Constantinescu, Jae-Woong Jeong, Xinda Li, Dylan K Scott, Kyung-In Jang, Hyun-Joong Chung, John A Rogers, Jana Rieger
Head and neck cancer treatment alters the anatomy and physiology of patients. Resulting swallowing difficulties can lead to serious health concerns. Surface electromyography (sEMG) is used as an adjuvant to swallowing therapy exercises. sEMG signal collected from the area under the chin provides visual biofeedback from muscle contractions and is used to help patients perform exercises correctly. However, conventional sEMG adhesive pads are relatively thick and difficult to effectively adhere to a patient's altered chin anatomy, potentially leading to poor signal acquisition in this population...
August 2016: Medical Engineering & Physics
Mark T Marunick, Sabrina Garcia-Gazaui, Joseph M Hildebrand
Trismus is a well-known complication of head and neck cancer treatment. It is defined as a progressive tonic contraction of the muscles of mastication that results in decreased mouth opening. This condition can lead to impairment of speech and eating, malnutrition, poor oral hygiene, and difficulty with dental treatment. Its prevalence in patients with head and neck cancer ranges from 5% to 38%. Different treatments are available to improve muscle length and function. Mouth opening devices along with exercising of the mandible immediately after surgery and/or radiation therapy have been found to be effective in reducing the trismus induced by cancer therapy...
May 4, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Joanne M Patterson, Grainne C Brady, Justin W G Roe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is an increasing recognition of dysphagia as a frequent, often severe and chronic side-effect of head and neck cancer treatment. There has been a global increase in the number of head and neck cancer survivors, increasing the urgency of finding ways to best manage swallowing difficulties. RECENT FINDINGS: There are several research studies investigating strategies and developing interventions to prevent and treat this debilitating condition...
June 2016: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Chandylen L Nightingale, Katherine R Sterba, Janet A Tooze, Brandy-Joe Milliron, Lee Anne Tetrick, Min-So Paek, Kathryn E Weaver
PURPOSE: Head and neck cancer (HNC) caregivers have poorer psychological health compared to patients and the general population but have not yet been targeted for wellness programs to reduce adverse psychosocial or physical health outcomes. To inform development of such programs, we identified potential vulnerabilities to poor outcomes and examined wellness program preferences among HNC caregivers. We also examined whether interest in wellness programs varied by potential vulnerabilities among HNC caregivers...
August 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Jolanda I Kamstra, Harry Reintsema, Jan L N Roodenburg, Pieter U Dijkstra
PURPOSE: The Dynasplint Trismus System (DTS) can be used to treat trismus secondary to head and neck cancer. We conducted a prospective study with the following aims: (1) to determine the effects of DTS exercises on changes in mouth opening, pain, mandibular function, quality of life (QoL), and symptomatology and (2) to analyze the patients' perception on DTS exercises, including user satisfaction, experiences, comfort, and compliance. METHODS: The patients were instructed to exercise with the DTS for at least 16 weeks...
August 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Nina Pauli, Ulrika Svensson, Therese Karlsson, Caterina Finizia
Background This study aims to investigate the long-term effects of structured trismus intervention in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) and trismus in terms of mouth opening, trismus-related symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQL). Material and methods Fifty patients with HNC to receive radiotherapy ± chemotherapy were included in this prospective study along with a matched control group. The intervention group received a 10-week structured exercise with a jaw mobilizing device (TheraBite® jaw device or Engström device)...
June 2016: Acta Oncologica
Jolanda I Kamstra, Marianne van Leeuwen, Jan L N Roodenburg, Pieter U Dijkstra
BACKGROUND: Effects of exercise therapy for trismus secondary to head and neck cancer have not been reviewed systematically since 2004. METHODS: Four databases were searched. The quality of observational studies and randomized controlled trials was assessed. RESULTS: Two hundred eleven articles were found, 20 studies were included. A large variation in research methodology, stretching techniques, duration of stretch, and repetition of exercises was found...
February 15, 2016: Head & Neck
Lauren C Capozzi, Margaret L McNeely, Harold Y Lau, Raylene A Reimer, Janine Giese-Davis, Tak S Fung, S Nicole Culos-Reed
BACKGROUND: Patients with head and neck cancer experience loss of weight and muscle mass, decreased functioning, malnutrition, depression, and declines in quality of life during and after treatment. The purpose of this exploratory randomized study was to determine the optimal timing for the initiation of a lifestyle and progressive resistance exercise training intervention (during or after radiation therapy), as determined by intervention adherence and by comparing between-group outcomes across 24 weeks...
April 15, 2016: Cancer
Laishyang Melody Ouyoung, Mark S Swanson, Brenda Capobres Villegas, Dhanur Damodar, Niels Kokot, Uttam K Sinha
BACKGROUND: Dysphonia related to head and neck cancer is unique, and demands treatment tailored to its unique pathology. Activate exercises, breathing, counseling, laryngeal manipulation, oral resonance, vocal exercises, and elimination of habits (ABCLOVE) is an 8-week multimodality voice therapy program addressing vocal rehabilitation specifically for patients with head and neck cancer. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with a history of head and neck cancer were enrolled in the ABCLOVE program and outcomes were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2016: Head & Neck
Anders Nedergaard, Ulrik Dalgas, Hanne Primdahl, Jørgen Johansen, Jens Overgaard, Kristian Overgaard, Kim Henriksen, Morten Asser Karsdal, Simon Lønbro
BACKGROUND: Loss of muscle mass and function is an important complication to ageing and a range of pathologies, including, but not restricted to, cancer, organ failures, and sepsis. A number of interventions have been proposed ranging from exercise to anabolic pharmacological therapy, with varying success. Easily applicable serological biomarkers of lean and/or muscle mass and change therein would benefit monitoring of muscle mass during muscle atrophy as well as during recovery. We set out to validate if novel peptide biomarkers derived from Collagen III and VI were markers of lean body mass (LBM) or change therein in head and neck cancer patients in the Danish Head and Neck Cancer Group(DAHANCA) 25B cohort subjected to resistance training as well as in an age-matched and gender-matched control group...
December 2015: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Teresa Hughes, Christopher R Watts
OBJECTIVE: To compare the electrophysiological activity in submandibular hyolaryngeal muscles during performance of 2 exercises that incorporate resistance against muscular contraction. DESIGN: Within-subject repeated-measures design. SETTING: Academic research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Healthy, young adult women (N=26; mean age, 24.1y) without a history of dysphagia, cervical spine conditions, neurologic disease, or head/neck cancer...
September 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Zi Zhang, Justin C Brown, Bert W O'Malley, Andrea B Troxel, Joshua M Bauml, Kaitlyn R Rubnitz, Colleen M Grosso, Gregory S Weinstein, Kathryn H Schmitz
PURPOSE: Incidence of head and neck cancer (HNC) due to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has been increasing. Treatment regimens have evolved. These changes might result in alterations of assumed treatment-related weight changes for HNC patients. We aimed to compare the trajectory of pre- to post-treatment weight changes of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) versus oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) patients and to compare weight changes between patients with primary surgery ± adjuvant therapy to patients with primary radiation and/or chemotherapy...
May 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Melissa Henry, Ala Bdira, Maria Cherba, Sylvie Lambert, Franco A Carnevale, Christina MacDonald, Michael Hier, Anthony Zeitouni, Karen Kost, Alex Mlynarek, Martin Black, Zeev Rosberger, Saul Frenkiel
OBJECTIVE: Against medical advice, head and neck cancer (HNC) patients have been shown to continue to smoke and misuse alcohol post-diagnosis and treatment. This study aimed to better understand the barriers to and facilitators of health behavior change (HBC) in HNC patients. METHOD: We conducted nine focus groups following a standard protocol. Eligible patients were diagnosed less than three years previously with a primary HNC and selected using maximum variability sampling (gender, age, cancer stage, smoking, and alcohol misuse)...
August 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
Stephen R Samuel, Sundar K Veluswamy, Arun G Maiya, Donald J Fernandes, Margaret L McNeely
Existing literature suggests that cancer survivors present with high rates of morbidity due to various treatment and disease induced factors. Research globally has shown exercise to be beneficial in improving treatment outcomes and quality of life. India has a high prevalence of cancer and not much is known about exercise interventions for cancer survivors in India. This review was planned to review the state of exercise based interventions for cancer survivors in India. A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus, Cochrane Library, PEDro, IndMed, and Shoda Ganga...
2015: SpringerPlus
Faruque Riffat, Dakshika A Gunaratne, Carsten E Palme
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Head and neck cancer (HNC) imposes significant structural, functional, and cosmetic burdens upon those affected. Although advances in multimodality organ preservation therapy have assisted in ameliorating a number of previous treatment-related sequelae, dysphagia remains a foremost concern for members of the multidisciplinary team. Given its acute and long-term impact on physical and psychological wellbeing, and subsequent bearing on delivery of treatment, treatment-related morbidity and overall mortality, prompt recognition, and accurate assessment and optimization of management are pivotal...
December 2015: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
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