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Sacroiliitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335346/severity-of-sacroiliitis-and-erythrocyte-sedimentation-rate-are-associated-with-a-low-trabecular-bone-score-in-young-male-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#1
Kwi Young Kang, Min Kyung Chung, Ha Neul Kim, Yeon Sik Hong, Ji Hyeon Ju, Sung-Hwan Park
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors related to a low trabecular bone score (TBS) and the association between TBS and vertebral fractures in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: One hundred patients (all male, aged < 50 yrs) who fulfilled the modified New York criteria for the classification of AS were enrolled. The TBS and bone mineral density (BMD) were assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Clinical variables, inflammatory markers, and the presence of vertebral fractures were also assessed...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333797/septic-sacroiliitis-a-diagnostic-challenge-for-the-clinician
#2
Asaf Shemer, Iris Eshed, Moshe Levinkopf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286972/delayed-bone-infarct-in-the-ilium-following-a-pelvic-crush-injury-and-embolization-a-case-report
#3
Paul W Millhouse, Andrew J Miller, Jonathan Paul, Theodore D Conliffe, Alexander R Vaccaro, Zach Broyer
CASE: We present a case of delayed osteonecrosis of the ilium. After receiving embolization and multiple orthopaedic procedures following a complex pelvic crush injury, the patient subsequently developed posterior pelvic pain and tenderness over the posterior superior iliac spine, along with pain on sacroiliac joint compression. Magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis demonstrated a bone infarction in the left ilium adjacent to the sacroiliac joint. CONCLUSION: The symptoms from osteonecrosis of the ilium may simulate sacroiliitis or other conditions...
October 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276462/chiropractic-care-in-the-management-of-inactive-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-case-series
#4
Stacey M Cornelson, David Beavers, Allison Harvey, William Hogarth, Norman W Kettner
Objective: This report describes chiropractic management for 3 cases of inactive ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Clinical Features: A 25-year-old woman presented with chronic, mechanical neck pain and stiffness that was ultimately diagnosed as AS. A 23-year-old man presented with chronic low back and left hip pain that was diagnosed as AS. A 31-year-old man with low back pain presented with a known diagnosis of AS. Physical examination in 2 cases failed to identify systemic findings associated with AS...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273055/nonradiographic-axial-spondyloarthritis-clinical-and-therapeutic-relevance
#5
REVIEW
Nilasha Ghosh, Eric M Ruderman
Current classification criteria for axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) provide for the inclusion of patients with a wide range of presentations and manifestations. While not considered a formal subclassification, patients are often divided into radiographic or nonradiographic axSpA based on the presence or absence of radiographic sacroiliitis. This review will focus on nonradiographic axSpA and will discuss clinical manifestations of disease that distinguish, or in many cases do not distinguish, this entity from other individuals with axSpA...
December 22, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250657/streptococcal-tonsillitis-related-reactive-arthritis-clinical-ultrasound-imaging-and-immunohistochemical-study
#6
Anca Emanuela Muşetescu, Marius Florea, Mircea Cătălin ForŢofoiu, Ana Maria Bumbea, Andreea Daniela Tudorancea, Cristina Criveanu, Cristina Elena GofiŢă, Paulina Lucia Ciurea, Alexandru Ştefănescu, Ştefan Cristian Dinescu, Carmen Aurelia Mogoantă
In clinical practice and literature studies, the most common condition associated to streptococcal tonsillitis used to be acute rheumatic fever (ARF). Several publications in the late years report a more frequent and distinctive entity from ARF following β-hemolytic group A streptococcus infection in patients with post-infectious arthritis, that do not fulfill the modified Jones criteria, the so-called post-streptococcal reactive arthritis (PSRA). A distinctive pattern of clinical framing and biological profile in patients with PSRA following streptococcal tonsillitis is described, with a non-migratory, additive, recent onset (7-10 days) arthritis that affects small and large joints as well, with a bimodal peak of incidence at 8-14 and 21-37 years of age, with variate response to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and has a tendency for recurrence and persistence...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240803/bone-edema-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-is-highly-associated-with-low-bone-mineral-density-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#7
Danmin Wang, Zhiduo Hou, Yao Gong, Subiao Chen, Ling Lin, Zhengyu Xiao
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the relationship between bone marrow edema (BME) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: The study included 333 patients with AS who underwent BMD measurements and axial MRI. Additionally, 106 normal controls were included. The modified New York criteria were used as the classification criteria of AS. Clinical, laboratory, and imaging data were collected and analyzed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185277/mri-findings-of-the-sacroiliac-joints-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-alternative-diagnosis-to-inflammatory-sacroiliitis
#8
Iris Eshed, Merav Lidar
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most sensitive imaging modality for the detection of sacroiliitis. Diagnosing sacroiliitis on MRI is not always straightforward and can be challenging in some cases. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of alternative diagnoses suggested by MRI and characterize the MR appearance of the most common ones. METHODS: Consecutive MRI examinations of the sacroiliac joints (SIJ) performed between 2005 and 2012 were retrospectively evaluated for the presence of structural and active sacroiliitis findings according to the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society guidelines...
November 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178931/anatomy-of-the-sacroiliac-joints-in-children-and-adolescents-by-computed-tomography
#9
Anna Zejden, Anne Grethe Jurik
BACKGROUND: Diagnosing sacroiliitis by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in children/adolescents can be difficult due to the growth-related changes. This study analyzed the normal osseous anatomy of the sacroiliac joints (SIJ) in a juvenile population using computed tomography (CT). METHODS: The anatomy of the SIJ was retrospectively analyzed in 124 trauma patients aged 9 months - <18 years by CT, based on 2 mm slices in axial, semi-axial and semi-coronal planes...
November 25, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177804/mri-of-the-sacroiliac-joints-in-spondyloarthritis-the-added-value-of-intra-articular-signal-changes-for-a-positive-mri
#10
Frederiek Laloo, N Herregods, J L Jaremko, K Verstraete, L Jans
OBJECTIVE: To determine if intra-articular signal changes at the sacroiliac joint space on MRI have added diagnostic value for spondyloarthritis, when compared to bone marrow edema (BME). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on the MRIs of sacroiliac joints of 363 patients, aged 16-45 years, clinically suspected of sacroiliitis. BME of the sacroiliac joints was correlated to intra-articular sacroiliac joint MR signal changes: high T1 signal, fluid signal, ankylosis and vacuum phenomenon (VP)...
November 27, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155961/disease-activity-decrease-is-associated-with-improvement-in-work-productivity-over-1-year-in-early-axial-spondyloarthritis-spondyloarthritis-caught-early-cohort
#11
Miranda van Lunteren, Zineb Ez-Zaitouni, Camilla Fongen, Robert Landewé, Roberta Ramonda, Désirée van der Heijde, Floris A van Gaalen
Objectives: To assess if a change in disease activity is associated with a change in work productivity loss (WPL) over 1 year in early axial SpA (axSpA) patients. Methods: Baseline and 1 year data of axSpA patients in the SPondyloArthritis Caught Early cohort were analysed. Linear regression models were built explaining the change in the Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) over time by the change in absenteeism, presenteeism, WPL and activity impairment over time...
October 7, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148411/vitamin-d-status-in-spondyloarthritis-results-of-the-asas-comospa-international-study
#12
Sílvia Fernandes, Adrien Etcheto, Désirée van der Heijde, Robert Landewé, Filip van den Bosch, Maxime Dougados, Anna Moltó
OBJECTIVES: Spondyloarthritis (SpA) encompasses both bone production and bone loss, and the latter is particularly linked to inflammation. Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with several inflammatory conditions (i.e. cardiovascular disease, rheumatoid arthritis), but it has been poorly evaluated in SpA patients. We aimed to a) describe the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in SpA patients worldwide; b) compare SpA patients with and without vitamin D deficiency in terms of disease phenotype, activity severity and comorbidities...
November 16, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142035/the-sex-influence-on-response-to-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-inhibitors-and-remission-in-axial-spondyloarthritis
#13
Ennio Lubrano, Fabio Massimo Perrotta, Maria Manara, Salvatore D'Angelo, Olga Addimanda, Roberta Ramonda, Leonardo Punzi, Ignazio Olivieri, Carlo Salvarani, Antonio Marchesoni
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of sex on response to treatment and disease remission in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: In this retrospective multicenter study, patients with axSpA, according to the Assessment of Spondyloarthritis international Society (ASAS) criteria for axSpA, and treated with adalimumab, etanercept, golimumab, or infliximab, were studied. We compared clinical characteristics, patient-reported outcomes, disease activity, function, and response to treatment in male and female patients with this disease...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119479/utility-of-ct-imaging-in-differentiating-sacroiliitis-associated-with-spondyloarthritis-from-gouty-sacroiliitis-a-retrospective-study
#14
Jyoti Panwar, Pulukool Sandhya, Madhavi Kandagaddala, Aswin Nair, Visalakshi Jeyaseelan, Debashish Danda
Sacroiliitis is one of the criteria for classification as spondyloarthritis (SpA), though not unique to SpA. Other conditions including gout may be erroneously diagnosed as SpA due to sacroiliitis. The objective was to identify specific CT findings in sacroiliitis associated with SpA and gout. In this retrospective study, CT images of patients with sacroiliitis and clinical diagnosis of gout or SpA from 2010 to 2015 were independently reviewed by two radiologists, blinded to diagnosis. Axial and coronal oblique images were analyzed for characteristics of erosions...
November 8, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099615/interrater-reliability-and-radiation-dosage-of-oblique-coronal-computed-tomography-for-sacroiliitis-in-comparison-with-axial-computed-tomography
#15
Sheng-Guang Li, Xiangyuan Liu, Huiqiong Zhou, Qing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Sacroiliitis, a prerequisite to the diagnosis of ankylosing spondylitis, can be ascertained by CT when MRI is not available. Oblique coronal CT is an increasingly popular approach when examining sacroiliitis. The goal of this study was to understand how oblique coronal CT compared with axial CT scanning in terms of raters' concordance when diagnosing sacroiliitis. METHODS: 52 subjects < 45 years of age at onset of their chronic lower back pain were sequentially scanned by X-ray, axial CT and oblique coronal CT...
November 3, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093157/sacroiliac-joint-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-asymptomatic-patients-with-recurrent-acute-anterior-uveitis-a-proof-of-concept-study
#16
Thauana L Oliveira, Walter P Maksymowych, Robert G W Lambert, Cristina Muccioli, Artur R C Fernandes, Marcelo M Pinheiro
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to quantify bone marrow edema (BME) and/or structural lesions in the sacroiliac joints (SIJ) of patients with recurrent acute anterior uveitis (rAAU) with or without back pain, to evaluate the frequency of axial (axSpA) and peripheral spondyloarthritis (pSpA) and to establish which criterion for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) positivity best reflected the global assessment of SIJ MRI. METHODS: A total of 50 patients with rAAU without prior rheumatologic diagnosis were included in our cross-sectional study, and these patients were compared to 21 healthy volunteers...
December 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089045/a-young-female-presenting-with-unilateral-sacroiliitis-following-dengue-virus-infection-a-case-report
#17
W D Jayamali, H M M T B Herath, Aruna Kulatunga
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a common arthropod-borne viral infection in Sri Lanka which is spread by the mosquitos of the genus Aedes. The clinical features of dengue include high-grade fever associated with arthralgia and myalgia. However, dengue virus is not considered an arthritogenic virus. We report a case of a previously healthy young female who presented with imaging-confirmed right-sided sacroiliitis 10 days after developing dengue fever. This is the first reported case that shows a possible link between dengue infection and development of arthritis...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075521/imaging-of-juvenile-spondyloarthritis-part-i-classifications-and-radiographs
#18
REVIEW
Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Piotr Gietka, Michał Znajdek, Genowefa Matuszewska, Magdalena Bogucevska, Ljubinka Damjanovska-Krstikj, Slavcho Ivanoski
Juvenile spondyloarthropathies are manifested mainly by symptoms of peripheral arthritis and enthesitis. By contrast with adults, children rarely present with sacroiliitis and spondylitis. Imaging and laboratory tests allow early diagnosis and treatment. Conventional radiographs visualize late inflammatory lesions and post-inflammatory complications. Early diagnosis is possible with the use of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. The first part of the article presents classifications of juvenile spondyloarthropathies and discusses their radiographic presentation...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073348/gut-microbiota-perturbations-in-reactive-arthritis-and-post-infectious-spondyloarthritis
#19
Julia Manasson, Nan Shen, Helga R Garcia Ferrer, Carles Ubeda, Isa Iraheta, Adriana Heguy, Joan M Von Feldt, Luis R Espinoza, Abraham Garcia Kutzbach, Leopoldo N Segal, Alexis Ogdie, Jose C Clemente, Jose U Scher
OBJECTIVE: Reactive arthritis (ReA) is an inflammatory disorder occurring several weeks after gastrointestinal or genitourinary infections. HLA-B27 positivity is considered a risk factor, though not necessarily predictive of disease incidence. Among non-genetic factors, the intestinal microbiome may play a role in disease susceptibility. The objective of this study was to characterize the gut microbiota and host gene interactions in ReA and post-infectious spondyloarthritis. METHODS: Adult peripheral spondyloarthritis and control subjects with preceding infections that did not develop arthritis were prospectively recruited from a highly prevalent geographic region...
October 26, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068987/membranous-nephropathy-in-a-patient-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-case-report
#20
Ruiying Chen, Fang Li, Qionghong Xie, Jun Xue, Lingyun Lai, Shaojun Liu, Liyin Zhang, Chuanming Hao
RATIONALE: Renal complications in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) were rarely observed, and proteinuria associated with AS can be seen often due to amyloidosis in this kind of complications, while membranous nephropathy (MN) is seldom considered. This article reports a case of coexistence of AS and MN, to provide the exact relationship of these 2 entities and recognized some causes of renal involvement in AS. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 44-year-old female presented with pain of the left leg for 4 years and pedal edema for 2 weeks...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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