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cochrane reviews and guidelines

Tim Michael Feenstra, Chris Dickhoff, Jaap Deunk
PURPOSE: Tube thoracostomy is frequently used in thoracic trauma patients. However, there is no consensus on whether low pressure suction or water seal is the optimal method of tube management. Against this background, we performed a systematic review of studies comparing suction and water seal management of chest tubes placed for traumatic chest injuries in adults. Evaluated outcomes are duration of chest tube treatment, length of stay in hospital, incidence of persistent air leak, clotted hemothorax, and the need for (re-)interventions...
March 15, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Chance R Anderson, Breena R Taira
BACKGROUND: The Train the Trainer (TTT) model is increasingly used in limited resource settings as a mechanism to disseminate resuscitation knowledge and skills among providers. Anecdotally, however, many resuscitation programs that use this model fail to achieve sustainability. OBJECTIVE: We aim to systematically review the literature to describe the evidence for the TTT method of knowledge dissemination for resuscitation courses in limited resource settings. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the literature in accordance with PRISMA guidelines of the PubMed, Cochrane Library, MEDLARS online (MEDLINE), and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases...
March 12, 2018: Resuscitation
Ramon Roca-Tey, José Ibeas, Teresa Moreno, Enrique Gruss, José Luis Merino, Joaquín Vallespín, David Hernán, Patricia Arribas
The Spanish Multidisciplinary Group on Vascular Access (GEMAV), which includes experts from the five scientific societies involved (nephrology (S.E.N.), vascular surgery (SEACV), interventional radiology (SERAM-SERVEI), infectious diseases (SEIMC), and nephrology nursing (SEDEN)), along with the methodological support of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre, has developed the Spanish Clinical Guidelines on Vascular Access for Hemodialysis. This article summarizes the main issues from the guideline's chapter entitled "Monitoring and surveillance of arteriovenous access...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
Cherian K Kandathil, Emily A Spataro, Katri Laimi, Sami P Moubayed, Sam P Most, Mikhail Saltychev
Importance: While functional rhinoplasty has been broadly studied, to our knowledge no systematic review and meta-analysis of lateral wall repair has been done previously. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of repair of the lateral nasal wall in adult patients with nasal airway obstruction. Data Sources: Medline, Embase, Cinahl, Central, Scopus, and Web of Science databases and reference lists were searched for clinical and observational studies...
March 15, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Aslam Alkadhimi, Ebrahim A Al-Awadhi
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, extensive research has introduced novel ways of reinforcing orthodontic anchorage using a variety of devices temporarily anchored in bone (miniscrews). Currently, there are numerous manufacturers with different miniscrew designs on the market. AIMS: The aim of this paper is to discuss the key design features of different miniscrew systems on the market. Furthermore, to present clinical selection criteria of miniscrews in different settings taking into account the determinant factors...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Orthodontics
Mosarrat J Qureshi, Manoj Kumar
BACKGROUND: Providing effective positive pressure ventilation is considered to be the single most important component of successful neonatal resuscitation. Ventilation is frequently initiated manually with bag and face mask (BMV) followed by endotracheal intubation if respiratory depression continues. These techniques may be difficult to perform successfully resulting in prolonged resuscitation or neonatal asphyxia. The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) may achieve initial ventilation and successful resuscitation faster than a bag-mask device or endotracheal intubation...
March 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Wimonchat Tangamornsuksan, Manupat Lohitnavy
Importance: Dapsone-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DHS) is a life-threatening adverse drug reaction. Based on available epidemiologic studies, HLA genotypes may play an important role in DHS. Objective: To assess the association between HLA-B*1301 and dapsone-induced cutaneous adverse drug reactions (cADRs). Data Sources: Human studies investigating associations between HLA-B*1301 and dapsone-induced cADRs were systematically searched without language restriction from the inception of each database until September 12, 2017, in PubMed, the Human Genome Epidemiology Network), and the Cochrane Library...
March 14, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
Ping-Tao Tseng, Yu-Shian Cheng, Yen-Wen Chen, Brendon Stubbs, Paul Whiteley, Andre F Carvalho, Dian-Jeng Li, Tien-Yu Chen, Wei-Cheng Yang, Chia-Hung Tang, Che-Sheng Chu, Wei-Chieh Yang, Hsin-Yi Liang, Ching-Kuan Wu, Cheng-Fang Yen, Pao-Yen Lin
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder, and nutritional deficiency may play a role in the development of ASD. A relationship between ASD and iron levels/iron deficiency (ID) has been reported; however, the results have been inconsistent. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to examine the relationship between ASD and ID following the Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology guidelines. We performed a systematic search of PubMed, ScienceDirect, Embase, ProQuest, ClinicalTrials...
February 2018: Nutrition Research
Jihye Seo, Cheol Hyun Kim, Hongmin Chu, Yeonju Moon, Sangkwan Lee
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a common disease of primary headache, which it causes many kinds of secondary diseases or symptoms. The treatment drugs have sometimes shown side effects such as overuse headache, stroke, and cardiovascular disease. Therefore, the demand for complementary and alternative interventions for migraine has increased. Herbal medicines are a representative intervention to treat migraine traditionally. Among these herbal medicines, Banhabaekchulchunma-tang (BBT) and Chongsanggeontong-tang (CGT) have been most commonly used for migraine treatment in traditional clinical practice...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Norita Hussein, Stephen F Weng, Joe Kai, Jos Kleijnen, Nadeem Qureshi
BACKGROUND: Globally, about five per cent of children are born with congenital or genetic disorders. The most common autosomal recessive conditions are thalassaemia, sickle cell disease, cystic fibrosis and Tay-Sachs disease, with higher carrier rates in specific patient populations. Identifying and counselling couples at genetic risk of the conditions before pregnancy enables them to make fully informed reproductive decisions, with some of these choices not being available if genetic counselling is only offered in an antenatal setting...
March 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Hiromu Miyake, Yong Chen, Alison Hock, Shogo Seo, Yuhki Koike, Agostino Pierro
PURPOSE: Gastroesophageal reflux after surgical repair of esophageal atresia (EA) can be associated with complications, such as esophageal stricture. Recent guidelines recommend prophylactic anti-reflux medication (PARM) after EA repair. However, the effectiveness of PARM is still unclear. The aim of this study was to review evidence surrounding the use of PARM in children operated for EA. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched Medline, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Databases from inception until the end of 2016 for comparative studies of PARM versus no PARM (control)...
March 13, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
Stephan Schorn, Ulrich Nitsche, Ihsan Ekin Demir, Florian Scheufele, Elke Tieftrunk, Rebekka Schirren, Sarah Klauss, Mine Sargut, Güralp Onur Ceyhan, Helmut Friess
BACKGROUND: Although routinely used, the benefit of surgically placed intraperitoneal drains after pancreas resection is still under debate. To assess the true impact of intraperitoneal drains in pancreas resection, a systematic review with meta-analysis was performed. METHODS: For this, the Preferred-Reporting-Items-for-Systematic-review-and-Meta-Analysis/PRISMA-guidelines were conducted and Pubmed/Medline, Embase, Scopus and The Cochrane Library were screened for relevant studies...
February 23, 2018: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
Timothy Patterson, Peter Currie, Robert Spence, Sinead McNally, Gary Spence
BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia is a common surgical presentation. Evidence for its causation regarding occupational and recreational physical exposures is limited. The aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review objectively evaluating the evidence for a causal link between a single strenuous event and the development of an inguinal hernia. METHOD: A systematic review was carried out in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, Ovid Embase, SCOPUS, and Cochrane Library were searched...
March 10, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
Patrick J Lindsay, Danielle Buell, Damon C Scales
BACKGROUND: Mild therapeutic hypothermia (TH), or targeted temperature management, improves survival and neurological outcomes in patients after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). International guidelines strongly support initiating TH for all eligible individuals presenting with OHCA; however, the timing of cooling initiation remains uncertain. This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted with all available randomised controlled trials (RCTs) included to explore the efficacy and safety of initiating pre-hospital TH in patients with OHCA...
March 13, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Ishag Adam, Yassin Ibrahim, Gasim I Gasim
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a major public health problem in endemic countries including Sudan, where about 75% of populations are at risk. Due to widespread of chloroquine-resistant strains of Plasmodium falciparum, artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is currently treatment of choice for malaria in the vast majority of malaria-endemic countries. This systematic review and meta-analysis is performed to obtain an overall stronger evidence of the outcomes of ACT in the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria from the existing literature in Sudan...
March 13, 2018: Malaria Journal
Vikranth Visvanathan, Vamsidhar Vallamkondu, Sanjiv K Bhimrao
Objectives Surgical repair of a tympanic membrane perforation is a common otologic procedure. However, achieving a successful closure can be challenging, especially if the anterior margin of the tympanic membrane is involved. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature on evidence published in closure of anterior tympanic membrane perforations. Data Sources The following data sources were searched: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (1997 to August, 3 2017), MEDLINE (February 1948 to August 3, 2017), and Embase (1975 to August 3, 2017)...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Karin Michèle Schmid, Remo Kugler, Prasad Nalabothu, Carles Bosch, Carlalberta Verna
BACKGROUND: Non-nutritive sucking habits may adversely affect the orofacial complex. This systematic literature review aimed to find scientific evidence on the effect of pacifier sucking on orofacial structures. METHODS: A search on MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science databases was conducted to find all pertinent articles published from inception until February 2018, based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
March 13, 2018: Progress in Orthodontics
Leen Naji, Harkanwal Randhawa, Zahra Sohani, Brittany Dennis, Deanna Lautenbach, Owen Kavanagh, Monica Bawor, Laura Banfield, Jason Profetto
PURPOSE: Although the digital rectal examination (DRE) is commonly performed to screen for prostate cancer, there is limited data to support its use in primary care. This review and meta-analysis aims to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of DRE in screening for prostate cancer in primary care settings. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, DARE (Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature) from their inception to June 2016...
March 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
Christian Jung, Lena Tepohl, Reina Tholen, Knut Beitzel, Stefan Buchmann, Thomas Gottfried, Casper Grim, Bettina Mauch, Gert Krischak, Hans Ortmann, Christian Schoch, Frieder Mauch
Background: Tears and lesions of the rotator cuff are a frequent cause of shoulder pain and disability. Surgical repair of the rotator cuff is a valuable procedure to improve shoulder function and decrease pain. However, there is no consensus concerning the rehabilitation protocol following surgery. Objectives: To review and evaluate current rehabilitation contents and protocols after rotator cuff repair by reviewing the existing scientific literature and providing an overview of the clinical practice of selected German Society of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery e...
2018: Obere Extremität
Chi Hoon Maeng, Jae-Uk Song, Sung Ryul Shim, Jonghoo Lee
INTRODUCTION: The role of prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) is controversial in patients with extensive stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC). The aim of this study was to determine the impact of PCI in these patients. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. A systematic literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
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