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Indoor tanning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438898/current-and-ideal-skin-tone-associations-with-tanning-behavior-among-sexual-minority-men
#1
Patrycja Klimek, Kalina M Lamb, Kelsey A Nogg, Benjamin M Rooney, Aaron J Blashill
Sexual minority men have high rates of skin cancer, yet little is known about skin cancer risk behaviors in this population. It was hypothesized that current skin tone would moderate the association between darker ideals and tanning behaviors. Data were collected online from 231 sexual minority men in San Diego, United States of America, with a mean age of 24.66 (SD = 5.44). Ideal and current skin tone ratings and indoor and outdoor tanning behaviors were assessed. Darker ideals were significantly associated with increased indoor and outdoor tanning...
February 10, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425724/skin-cancer-interventions-across-the-cancer-control-continuum-a-review-of-experimental-evidence-1-1-2000-6-30-2015-and-future-research-directions
#2
REVIEW
Alan C Geller, Barbra A Dickerman, Jennifer M Taber, Laura A Dwyer, Anne M Hartman, Frank M Perna
While the general efficacy of skin cancer interventions have been reviewed, employing the cancer control continuum would be useful to identify research gaps at specific cancer control points. We characterized the intervention evidence base for specific behavioral targets (e.g., tanning, sun protection, screening) and clinically related targets (e.g., sunburn, skin exams, cancers) at each point in the cancer control continuum. The review included articles published from 1/1/2000-6/30/15 that had an experimental design and targeted behavioral intervention in skin cancer (e...
February 6, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401934/12-5-gb-s-multi-channel-broadcasting-transmission-for-free-space-optical-communication-based-on-the-optical-frequency-comb-module
#3
Jun Tan, Zeping Zhao, Yuehui Wang, Zhike Zhang, Jianguo Liu, Ninghua Zhu
A wide-spectrum, ultra-stable optical frequency comb (OFC) module with 100 GHz frequency intervals based on a quantum dot mode locked (QDML) laser is fabricated by our lab, and a scheme with 12.5 Gb/s multi-channel broadcasting transmission for free-space optical (FSO) communication is proposed based on the OFC module. The output power of the OFC is very stable, with the specially designed circuit and the flatness of the frequency comb over the span of 6 nm, which can be limited to 1.5 dB. Four channel wavelengths are chosen to demonstrate one-to-many channels for FSO communication, like optical wireless broadcast...
January 22, 2018: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374757/solarium-use-and-risk-for-malignant-melanoma-meta-analysis-and-evidence-based-medicine-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Barbara Burgard, Jakob Schöpe, Isabel Holzschuh, Claudia Schiekofer, Sandra Reichrath, Wagenpfeil Stefan, Stefan Pilz, Jose Ordonez-Mena, Winfried März, Thomas Vogt, Jörg Reichrath
BACKGROUND: There is an ongoing debate whether solarium use (indoor tanning/artificial UV) may increase the risk for primary cutaneous malignant melanoma. AIM: A systematic literature search was conducted using MEDLINE and ISI Web of Science. Included studies were critically assessed regarding their risk of bias, and methodological shortcomings. Levels of evidence and grades of recommendation were determined according to guidelines of the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine...
February 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329226/plils-a-practical-indoor-localization-system-through-less-expensive-wireless-chips-via-subregion-clustering
#5
Xiaolong Li, Yifu Yang, Jun Cai, Yun Deng, Junfeng Yang, Xinmin Zhou, Lina Tan
Reducing costs is a pragmatic method for promoting the widespread usage of indoor localization technology. Conventional indoor localization systems (ILSs) exploit relatively expensive wireless chips to measure received signal strength for positioning. Our work is based on a cheap and widely-used commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) wireless chip, i.e., the Nordic Semiconductor nRF24LE1, which has only several output power levels, and proposes a new power level based-ILS, called Plils. The localization procedure incorporates two phases: an offline training phase and an online localization phase...
January 12, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304901/indoor-tanning-a-gianus-bifrons-vitamin-d-and-human-cancer
#6
Giuseppe Lippi, Gianfranco Cervellin, Elisa Danese
Despite it is now undeniable that indoor tanning exposure is associated with a number of skin cancers, its favorable effects on vitamin D status may bear some underestimated and currently unexplored health benefits. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin naturally present in a limited number of foods, the concentration of which largely depends on ultraviolet (UV) B sources exposure in humans. A strong, graded, and inverse association has been documented between serum vitamin D and the risk of developing certain types of malignancy, especially colorectal, breast, lung, bladder, and kidney cancers...
2018: Advances in Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290066/significant-engagement-in-tanning-behaviors-by-men-at-a-u-s-university
#7
Casey L Daniel, Alyssa M Fernandez, Natalie R Gassman, Sejong Bae, Aaron J Blashill, Marcus C Tan
Adolescent and young adult men are a potentially overlooked population with respect to risky tanning behaviors. This study sought to determine the prevalence of various modes of tanning and associated variables among young men in a university setting in the southeastern United States. Undergraduate students at a public institution in Mobile, Alabama were surveyed electronically in March 2016. Of the 818 undergraduate men surveyed, over 90% reported tanning behaviors, with 37% reporting engaging in indoor tanning...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248782/the-effect-of-laterite-density-on-radon-diffusion-behavior
#8
Yongmei Li, Wanyu Tan, Kaixuan Tan, Zehua Liu, Qi Fang, Junwen Lv, Xianzhe Duan, Zhenzhong Liu, Yueyue Guo
Radon generated in porous media such as soils and rocks migrates into indoor and outdoor air mainly by diffusion, possessing significant hazards to human health. In order to reduce these hazards of radon, it is of great importance to study the diffusion behavior of radon. In this study, we systematically measured the radon diffusion coefficient of laterite with the density ranging from 0.917gcm-3 to 2.238gcm-3, and studied the effect of laterite density on the radon diffusion. The results show that the radon diffusion coefficient of the laterite generally decreases with the increasing laterite density...
December 7, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234713/promoting-early-detection-of-melanoma-during-the-mammography-experience
#9
A K Rzepecki, N Jain, Y Ali, L Chavez, J Choi, B Schlosser, E Liko-Hazizi, S M Friedewald, J K Robinson
Background: Invasive melanoma, a lethal form of skin cancer, is the seventh most common cancer in women. Factors such as a history of indoor tanning or sunburn and a personal or family history of skin cancer increase a woman's risk of developing a melanoma. Objective: Because the majority of melanomas occur in patients age 40 years or older, which is the age that is recommended for women to begin screening mammograms, the mammogram experience could be used to promote early detection of melanoma by introducing skin self-examinations (SSE) to a population of women who are already invested in preventive health...
December 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143687/prevalence-and-epidemiology-of-canine-and-feline-heartworm-infection-in-taiwan
#10
Ta-Li Lu, Jun-Yue Wong, Ta-Lun Tan, Yong-Wei Hung
BACKGROUND: Heartworm, Dirofilaria immitis, has long been recognized in Taiwanese dogs but feline heartworm infection has been largely overlooked by veterinarians and pet owners. The main goal of this study was to determine the prevalence and epidemiology of canine and feline heartworm infection in Taiwan. METHODS: Household dogs and cats were selected from 103 veterinary hospitals in 13 cities throughout Taiwan. All animals were at least 1 year old, had received no heartworm prevention for more than 1 year, and had lived in the same city for at least 1 year...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130025/epidemiology-of-keratinocyte-carcinoma
#11
David M Perry, Virginia Barton, Anthony J Alberg
Purpose of the review: To provide a synopsis of recent research advances in the epidemiology of keratinocyte carcinoma (KC), with a focus on indoor tanning and known risk factors for other forms of cancer such as cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking. Recent findings: The evidence is strong enough to infer that use of UVR-emitting indoor tanning devices cause KC. Epidemiologic studies of cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, and menopausal hormone therapy all show some suggestion for increased risk of KC but the evidence is not yet strong enough to determine if there is a true etiologic role...
September 2017: Current Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127209/counseling-on-sun-protection-and-indoor-tanning
#12
Sophie J Balk, Elizabeth A Gottschlich, Dawn M Holman, Meg Watson
BACKGROUND: The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends clinical counseling for individuals ages 10 to 24 years to decrease skin cancer risk. METHODS: A national, random sample of US American Academy of Pediatrics members practicing primary care in 2002 (response rate 55%) and 2015 (response rate 43%). Surveys explored attitudes and experiences regarding sun protection counseling; indoor tanning questions were added in 2015. χ2 tests compared demographics and counseling responses across years, and multivariable logistic regression models examined counseling predictors...
December 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080373/youth-access-to-indoor-tanning-salons-in-urban-versus-rural-suburban%C3%A2-communities
#13
Vinayak K Nahar, Meagen Rosenthal, Stephenie C Lemon, Kevin Kane, Jie Cheng, Jessica L Oleski, Wenjun Li, Joel J Hillhouse, Sherry L Pagoto
Research suggests that youth proximity to tanning salons may promote use, however little is known about tanning salon proximity to schools. We assessed the proximity of tanning salons to schools in urban versus rural/suburban communities across Worcester County, Massachusetts (population > 800K). To put findings in context, we compared school proximity to tanning salons to school proximity to McDonald's restaurants, a large franchise that also caters to young people. Accessibility was measured by ArcGIS 10...
October 28, 2017: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051341/indoor-tanning-dependence-in-young-adult-women
#14
Darren Mays, Michael B Atkins, Jaeil Ahn, Kenneth P Tercyak
Background: There is mounting evidence that young people can develop a dependence on indoor tanning, but research on factors associated with indoor tanning dependence remains limited.Methods: This cross-sectional study investigated factors associated with indoor tanning dependence in a community sample of 389 non-Hispanic white young adult women ages 18 to 30 who had indoor tanned ≥1 time in the past year. Participants completed measures of indoor tanning dependence, including the modified CAGE and modified Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders-IV psychiatric screening assessments, indoor tanning behavior and beliefs, and behavioral and psychiatric comorbidity...
November 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048183/an-initial-study-of-behavioral-addiction-symptom-severity-and-demand-for-indoor-tanning
#15
Amel Becirevic, Derek D Reed, Michael Amlung, James G Murphy, Jerod L Stapleton, Joel J Hillhouse
Indoor tanning remains a popular activity in Western cultures despite a growing body of literature suggesting its link to skin cancer and melanoma. Advances in indoor tanning research have illuminated problematic patterns of its use. With problems such as difficulty quitting, devoting resources toward its use at the expense of healthy activities, and excessive motivation and urges to tan, symptoms of excessive indoor tanning appear consistent with behavioral addiction. The present study bridges the gap between clinical approaches to understanding indoor tanning problems and behavioral economic considerations of unhealthy habits and addiction...
October 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042232/gender-differences-in-indoor-tanning-habits-and-location
#16
Jessica Feng, Christine Frisard, Vinayak K Nahar, Jessica L Oleski, Joel J Hillhouse, Stephenie C Lemon, Sherry L Pagoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975805/associations-between-narrative-transportation-risk-perception-and-behaviour-intentions-following-narrative-messages-about-skin-cancer
#17
Amanda J Dillard, Rebecca A Ferrer, Jessica D Welch
OBJECTIVE: Narrative messages may be an effective strategy to increase risk perceptions and motivate preventive behaviours related to cancer. The aim of this research was to examine associations between narrative transportation (i.e. psychological absorption into a narrative), risk perceptions, and intentions following narrative messages about skin cancer. DESIGN: In two studies, women who reported indoor tanning read first-person narrative messages about skin cancer...
October 4, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972682/presumed-post-traumatic-ocular-chondrosarcoma-with-intrathoracic-metastases-in-a-cat
#18
Matheus V L Moreira, Maria C de Andrade, Gustavo O Fulgêncio, Ingeborg M Langohr, Roselene Ecco
An indoor-only, 5-year-old, spayed female domestic shorthair cat presented for an ophthalmic examination of the left eye. An intraocular tumor with secondary glaucoma and blindness was diagnosed; the globe was enucleated and sent for histopathological examination. Gross examination revealed a solid white mass filling the entire vitreous space and replacing the iris and ciliary body. The lens and retina appeared to be similarly replaced by the neoplasm. Histological examination revealed a complete loss of the internal ocular structures, with a ruptured capsule as the only remnant of the lens within an extensive malignant mesenchymal neoplastic cell proliferation...
October 3, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967768/depressive-symptoms-and-indoor-tanning-among-u-s-hispanic-adolescents-results-from-a-nationally-representative-sample
#19
Manuel Gonzales, Aaron J Blashill
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between depressive symptoms and indoor tanning among U.S. Hispanic adolescents. METHOD: Data were collected from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). In the current study, only Hispanic adolescents were included, which yielded a total weighted sample of 2,667 (men: N = 1,368; women: N = 1,299). Gender was also explored as a moderator in the association between depressive symptoms (sadness or hopelessness and suicidality) and indoor tanning...
October 2, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961636/association-between-sunscreen-use-and-indoor-tanning-use-among-american-high-school-students
#20
Yang Sheng, Douglas Einstadter, Jeremy Bordeaux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
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