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Indoor tanning

Maksymilian Gajda, Grażyna Kamińska-Winciorek, Jerzy Wydmański, Andrzej Tukiendorf, Małgorzata Kowalska
BACKGROUND: Current literature review indicates that there is an increase in risk of skin melanoma due to the use of sunbeds. AIMS: To assess behaviors and opinions about health risk related to tanning. METHODS: From March 2012 to June of the same year, nonrepresentative cross-sectional study was conducted online concerning knowledge and behaviors during tanning. Data from 4919 people (80% of women, median age 25 years [IQR: 20-36]) were analyzed statistically with R software (level of significance at α = ...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Carolyn J Heckman, Elizabeth Handorf, Melissa V Auerbach
Importance: The US Food and Drug Administration recommends that indoor tanners (ITs) be screened regularly for skin cancer (SC). Objective: To investigate the association between indoor tanning and SC screening. Design, Setting, and Participants: The 2015 National Health Interview Survey was a multistage, clustered, cross-sectional design with 30 352 US adults participating. The response rate for the sample adult data used in this study was 55...
April 4, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
Casey L Daniel, Natalie R Gassman, Alyssa M Fernandez, Sejong Bae, Marcus C B Tan
BACKGROUND: Rates of melanoma have dramatically increased among adolescents and young adults in recent years, particularly among young women. Exposure to ultraviolet radiation from intentional tanning practices is likely a major contributor to this epidemic. Southern and coastal regions have higher melanoma mortality rates among non-Hispanic whites in other parts of the U.S., yet little is known about tanning practices of adolescents and young adults in these regions. This study determines the prevalence and methods of intentional tanning utilized by an undergraduate population located on the United States' Gulf Coast...
April 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
Lijun Zhang, Changyi Guo, Xiaodong Jia, Huihui Xu, Meizhu Pan, Dong Xu, Xianbiao Shen, Jianghua Zhang, Jianguo Tan, Hailei Qian, Chunyang Dong, Yewen Shi, Xiaodan Zhou, Chen Wu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to perform an exposure assessment of PM2.5 (particulate matter less than 2.5μm in aerodynamic diameter) among children and to explore the potential sources of exposure from both indoor and outdoor environments. METHODS: In terms of real-time exposure measurements of PM2.5, we collected data from 57 children aged 8-12 years (9.64 ± 0.93 years) in two schools in Shanghai, China. Simultaneously, questionnaire surveys and time-activity diaries were used to estimate the environment at home and daily time-activity patterns in order to estimate the exposure dose of PM2...
2018: PloS One
Nora B Henrikson, Caitlin C Morrison, Paula R Blasi, Matt Nguyen, Kendall C Shibuya, Carrie D Patnode
Importance: Exposure to UV radiation, especially in childhood, increases skin cancer risk. Objective: To systematically review the evidence on the benefits and harms of behavioral counseling for skin cancer prevention to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). Data Sources: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, and PubMed were searched for studies published from January 2009 to March 31, 2016, for skin cancer prevention and from August 2005 to March 31, 2016, for skin self-examination...
March 20, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Amy Bleakley, Amy Jordan, Morgan E Ellithorpe, DeAnn Lazovich, Sara Grossman, Karen Glanz
Indoor tanning is a risk factor for melanoma among young white women. Health communications can be an effective way of reaching this population and promoting behavior change. The purpose of this study was (i) to investigate the associations between intention to quit indoor tanning and attitudes, normative pressure, and efficacy about quitting, and (ii) to identify beliefs about quitting indoor tanning that can be used to design effective health communication messages to reduce skin cancer risk. A national online survey was conducted with 279 non-Hispanic white women ages 18-25 in the USA who are indoor tanners...
March 15, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Jennifer Nergard-Martin, Chauncey Caldwell, Morgan Barr, Robert P Dellavalle, James A Solomon
A new US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulation classified tanning beds as class II, requiring indoor tanning facilities to inform users of the risk of skin cancer in efforts to reverse the growing trend in indoor tanning. However, little is known from the patient's perspective on whether knowledge of the risk of skin cancer development is a deterrent to indoor tanning. There also is conflicting literature regarding the relationship among frequency of indoor tanning, age at onset of melanoma diagnosis, and characteristics of diagnosis in melanoma patients with a history of indoor tanning...
January 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
Tze-An Yuan, Frank Meyskens, Feng Liu-Smith
PURPOSE: Most melanoma studies have been performed in the white population who exhibits the highest incidence rate due to their skin sensitivity to UV radiation. Previous publications have shown that young women (approximately under the menopausal age) exhibit higher incidence rates than men of the same age, and the causes are mostly attributed to their sun behavior or indoor tanning. In our recent publications, we suggested that higher risk in younger women was due to pathophysiological factors, such as hormonal impact, and thus this higher risk in young women should be shared across ethnicities regardless of their skin color or UV behavior...
March 9, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Yi Gao, Sarah T Arron, Eleni Linos, Ingrid Polcari, Matthew D Mansh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
Molly E Waring, Katie Baker, Anthony Peluso, Christine N May, Sherry L Pagoto
Twitter may be useful for learning about indoor tanning behavior and attitudes. The objective of this study was to analyze the content of tweets about indoor tanning to determine the extent to which tweets are posted by people who tan, and to characterize the topics of tweets. We extracted 4,691 unique tweets from Twitter using the terms "tanning bed" or "tanning salon" over 7 days in March 2016. We content analyzed a random selection of 1,000 tweets, double-coding 20% of tweets (κ = 0...
February 21, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Stephanie Chapman, Kurt Ashack, Eric Bell, Myra Ann Sendelweck, Robert Dellavalle
BACKGROUND: Understanding of associations between indoor tanning and risky health related behaviors such as sexual activity and substance abuse among high school students across the United States is incomplete. OBJECTIVE: To identify risky health related behaviors among high school students utilizing indoor tanning and analyze differences between state specific data. METHODS: Results from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) 2013 in 14 different states were analyzed...
September 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
Jerod L Stapleton, Sharon L Manne, Ashley K Day, Kristine Levonyan-Radloff, Sherry L Pagoto
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in using social media sites such as Facebook to deliver health interventions so as to expose people to content while they are engaging in their usual social media habit. This formative intervention development study is novel in describing a preliminary test of using the secret group feature of Facebook to deliver a behavioral intervention targeting users of indoor tanning beds to reduce their risk of skin cancer. Intervention content was designed to challenge body image-related constructs associated with indoor tanning through the use of dissonance-inducing content...
February 20, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Patrycja Klimek, Kalina M Lamb, Kelsey A Nogg, Benjamin M Rooney, Aaron J Blashill
Sexual minority men have high rates of skin cancer, yet little is known about skin cancer risk behaviors in this population. It was hypothesized that current skin tone would moderate the association between darker ideals and tanning behaviors. Data were collected online from 231 sexual minority men in San Diego, United States of America, with a mean age of 24.66 (SD = 5.44). Ideal and current skin tone ratings and indoor and outdoor tanning behaviors were assessed. Darker ideals were significantly associated with increased indoor and outdoor tanning...
February 10, 2018: Body Image
Alan C Geller, Barbra A Dickerman, Jennifer M Taber, Laura A Dwyer, Anne M Hartman, Frank M Perna
While the general efficacy of skin cancer interventions have been reviewed, employing the cancer control continuum would be useful to identify research gaps at specific cancer control points. We characterized the intervention evidence base for specific behavioral targets (e.g., tanning, sun protection, screening) and clinically related targets (e.g., sunburn, skin exams, cancers) at each point in the cancer control continuum. The review included articles published from 1/1/2000-6/30/15 that had an experimental design and targeted behavioral intervention in skin cancer (e...
February 6, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Jun Tan, Zeping Zhao, Yuehui Wang, Zhike Zhang, Jianguo Liu, Ninghua Zhu
A wide-spectrum, ultra-stable optical frequency comb (OFC) module with 100 GHz frequency intervals based on a quantum dot mode locked (QDML) laser is fabricated by our lab, and a scheme with 12.5 Gb/s multi-channel broadcasting transmission for free-space optical (FSO) communication is proposed based on the OFC module. The output power of the OFC is very stable, with the specially designed circuit and the flatness of the frequency comb over the span of 6 nm, which can be limited to 1.5 dB. Four channel wavelengths are chosen to demonstrate one-to-many channels for FSO communication, like optical wireless broadcast...
January 22, 2018: Optics Express
Barbara Burgard, Jakob Schöpe, Isabel Holzschuh, Claudia Schiekofer, Sandra Reichrath, Wagenpfeil Stefan, Stefan Pilz, Jose Ordonez-Mena, Winfried März, Thomas Vogt, Jörg Reichrath
BACKGROUND: There is an ongoing debate whether solarium use (indoor tanning/artificial UV) may increase the risk for primary cutaneous malignant melanoma. AIM: A systematic literature search was conducted using MEDLINE and ISI Web of Science. Included studies were critically assessed regarding their risk of bias, and methodological shortcomings. Levels of evidence and grades of recommendation were determined according to guidelines of the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine...
February 2018: Anticancer Research
Xiaolong Li, Yifu Yang, Jun Cai, Yun Deng, Junfeng Yang, Xinmin Zhou, Lina Tan
Reducing costs is a pragmatic method for promoting the widespread usage of indoor localization technology. Conventional indoor localization systems (ILSs) exploit relatively expensive wireless chips to measure received signal strength for positioning. Our work is based on a cheap and widely-used commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) wireless chip, i.e., the Nordic Semiconductor nRF24LE1, which has only several output power levels, and proposes a new power level based-ILS, called Plils. The localization procedure incorporates two phases: an offline training phase and an online localization phase...
January 12, 2018: Sensors
Giuseppe Lippi, Gianfranco Cervellin, Elisa Danese
Despite it is now undeniable that indoor tanning exposure is associated with a number of skin cancers, its favorable effects on vitamin D status may bear some underestimated and currently unexplored health benefits. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin naturally present in a limited number of foods, the concentration of which largely depends on ultraviolet (UV) B sources exposure in humans. A strong, graded, and inverse association has been documented between serum vitamin D and the risk of developing certain types of malignancy, especially colorectal, breast, lung, bladder, and kidney cancers...
2018: Advances in Clinical Chemistry
Casey L Daniel, Alyssa M Fernandez, Natalie R Gassman, Sejong Bae, Aaron J Blashill, Marcus C Tan
Adolescent and young adult men are a potentially overlooked population with respect to risky tanning behaviors. This study sought to determine the prevalence of various modes of tanning and associated variables among young men in a university setting in the southeastern United States. Undergraduate students at a public institution in Mobile, Alabama were surveyed electronically in March 2016. Of the 818 undergraduate men surveyed, over 90% reported tanning behaviors, with 37% reporting engaging in indoor tanning...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Yongmei Li, Wanyu Tan, Kaixuan Tan, Zehua Liu, Qi Fang, Junwen Lv, Xianzhe Duan, Zhenzhong Liu, Yueyue Guo
Radon generated in porous media such as soils and rocks migrates into indoor and outdoor air mainly by diffusion, possessing significant hazards to human health. In order to reduce these hazards of radon, it is of great importance to study the diffusion behavior of radon. In this study, we systematically measured the radon diffusion coefficient of laterite with the density ranging from 0.917gcm-3 to 2.238gcm-3 , and studied the effect of laterite density on the radon diffusion. The results show that the radon diffusion coefficient of the laterite generally decreases with the increasing laterite density...
February 2018: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
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