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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818590/emerging-and-legacy-flame-retardants-in-indoor-dust-from-east-china
#1
Changfeng Peng, Hongli Tan, Ying Guo, Yan Wu, Da Chen
To understand human exposure to dust-associated flame retardants in the biggest metropolitan area (city of Shanghai) of East China, our study determined a suite of legacy and emerging flame retardants in dust from dwellings, cars, and university computer labs. The results exhibited a consistent dominance of organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) over polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and other alternative flame retardants (AFRs) regardless of microenvironments. In addition to OPFRs, some alternative flame retardants, such as decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE), 2-ethylhexyltetrabromobenzoate (EH-TBB), bis(2-ethylhexyl)-3,4,5,6-tetrabromobenzoate (BEH-TEBP), and 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy)ethane (BTBPE), were also frequently detected...
August 11, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818251/teens-tweets-and-tanning-beds-rethinking-the-use-of-social-media-for-skin-cancer-prevention
#2
Ashley E Falzone, Claire D Brindis, Mary-Margaret Chren, Alexandra Junn, Sherry Pagoto, Mackenzie Wehner, Eleni Linos
The incidence of skin cancer is rising in the U.S., and melanoma, the deadliest form, is increasing disproportionately among young white women. Indoor tanning is a modifiable risk factor for all skin cancers and continues to be used at the highest rates in young white women. Adolescents and young adults report personal appearance-based reasons for using indoor tanning. Previous research has explored the influences on tanning bed use, including individual factors as well as relationships with peers, family, schools, media influences, legislation, and societal beauty norms...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818248/cancer-risk-promoting-information-the-communication-environment-of-young-adults
#3
Rachel F McCloud, Racquel E Kohler, K Viswanath
Young adulthood represents a time of myriad transitions, which leave young adults (YAs) more susceptible to the influences of cancer risk-promoting information. The tobacco, alcohol, indoor tanning, and food and beverage industries engage in aggressive marketing strategies through both traditional and social media to target this age group to consume their products, which have known links to cancer. Despite this barrage of messaging, detailed data are lacking on the communication behaviors of subgroups of this diverse age group, particularly those from low SES...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818241/prevalence-of-modifiable-cancer-risk-factors-among-u-s-adults-aged-18-44-years
#4
Mary C White, Meredith L Shoemaker, Sohyun Park, Linda J Neff, Susan A Carlson, David R Brown, Dafna Kanny
INTRODUCTION: Carcinogen exposure and unhealthy habits acquired in young adulthood can set the stage for the development of cancer at older ages. This study measured the current prevalence of several cancer risk factors among young adults to assess opportunities to intervene to change the prevalence of these risk factors and potentially reduce cancer incidence. METHODS: Using 2015 National Health Interview Survey data (analyzed in 2016), the prevalence of potential cancer risk factors was estimated among U...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815351/an-integrated-model-of-skin-cancer-risk-in-sexual-minority-males
#5
Aaron J Blashill, Benjamin M Rooney, Kristen J Wells
Sexual minority males are an at-risk group for developing skin cancer. Elevated rates of skin cancer among this population are thought to be driven by excess indoor tanning; however, motivations to indoor tan among this population are unknown. Theoretically, appearance-based and affect regulation motives may be proximal predictors of increased indoor tanning in this population. The current study tests an integrated biopsychosocial model of indoor tanning behaviors and future intentions among a sample of sexual minority males...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808183/indoor-tanning-bed-use-and-risk-of-food-addiction-based-on-the-modified-yale-food-addiction-scale
#6
Wen-Qing Li, John E McGeary, Eunyoung Cho, Alan Flint, Shaowei Wu, Alberto Ascherio, Eric Rimm, Alison Field, Abrar A Qureshi
The popularity of indoor tanning may be partly attributed to the addictive characteristics of tanning for some individuals. We aimed to determine the association between frequent indoor tanning, which we view as a surrogate for tanning addiction, and food addiction. A total of 67,910 women were included from the Nurses' Health Study II. In 2005, we collected information on indoor tanning during high school/college and age 25-35 years, and calculated the average use of indoor tanning during these periods. Food addiction was defined as ≥3 clinically significant symptoms plus clinically significant impairment or distress, assessed in 2009 using a modified version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804871/first-evaluation-of-the-behavioral-addiction-indoor-tanning-screener-baits-in-a-nationwide-representative-sample
#7
K Diehl, T Görig, E W Breitbart, R Greinert, J J Hillhouse, J L Stapleton, S Schneider
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that indoor tanning (IT) may have addictive properties. However, many instruments for measuring IT addiction show poor validity and reliability. Recently, a new instrument, the Behavioral Addiction Indoor Tanning Screener (BAITS), has been developed. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to test validity and reliability of the BAITS by using a multi-method approach. METHODS: We used data of the first wave of the National Cancer Aid Monitoring on Sunbed Use (NCAM), which includes a cognitive pretest (08/2015) and a Germany-wide representative survey (10-12/2015)...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765337/tanning-and-teens-is-indoor-exposure-the-tip-of-the-iceberg
#8
Jennifer L Hay, Kristen E Riley, Alan C Geller
Because of recent state regulations and the reduced availability of free-standing tanning salons, indoor tanning (IT) prevalence is beginning to decline. This may lead to unintended consequences, such as increases in outdoor intentional tanning. We advance a series of research directions to track and intervene to address all forms of intentional tanning. First, we advocate for enforcement of IT regulation and encourage collection of data on tanning salon compliance and alternative IT strategies. Second, we suggest questions about outdoor and IT should be included in national surveys...
August 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758934/simultaneous-indoor-tracking-and-activity-recognition-using-pyroelectric-infrared-sensors
#9
Xiaomu Luo, Qiuju Guan, Huoyuan Tan, Liwen Gao, Zhengfei Wang, Xiaoyan Luo
Indoor human tracking and activity recognition are fundamental yet coherent problems for ambient assistive living. In this paper, we propose a method to address these two critical issues simultaneously. We construct a wireless sensor network (WSN), and the sensor nodes within WSN consist of pyroelectric infrared (PIR) sensor arrays. To capture the tempo-spatial information of the human target, the field of view (FOV) of each PIR sensor is modulated by masks. A modified partial filter algorithm is utilized to decode the location of the human target...
July 29, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757448/is-initiating-tanning-bed-use-as-a-minor-associated-with-increased-risky-tanning-behaviors-and-burning-an-exploratory-study
#10
Andrew B Seidenberg, Seth M Noar, Jennah M Sontag
Tanning bed use is most common among youth and young adults, and is associated with an increased risk of skin cancer. Recently, numerous states have adopted restrictions on minors' access to tanning beds; however, little has been reported on how such policies may impact tanning behaviors and burning. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between age of indoor tanning initiation and risky tanning behaviors and burning. Female students (n=568) attending a large southeastern public university completed a questionnaire (spring of 2015) assessing tanning bed use history, including age of initiation...
July 27, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752269/opportunities-for-skin-cancer-prevention-education-among-individuals-attending-a-community-skin-cancer-screening-in-a-high-risk-catchment-area
#11
Bridget Grahmann Parsons, Lisa H Gren, Sara E Simonsen, Garrett Harding, Douglas Grossman, Yelena P Wu
Despite the highly preventable nature of skin cancer, it remains the most commonly diagnosed form of cancer in the United States. Recommendations for a complete skin cancer prevention regimen include engaging in photoprotection (e.g., sunscreen use), avoiding skin cancer risk behaviors (e.g., tanning), and receiving total body skin exams from a health care provider. The current study examined reported engagement in these behaviors among participants attending a community skin cancer screening (N = 319) in a high-risk catchment area to assess the need for increased health education on skin cancer prevention...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747297/photoaging-mobile-apps-as-a-novel-opportunity-for-melanoma-prevention-pilot-study
#12
Titus Josef Brinker, Dirk Schadendorf, Joachim Klode, Ioana Cosgarea, Alexander Rösch, Philipp Jansen, Ingo Stoffels, Benjamin Izar
BACKGROUND: Around 90% of melanomas are caused by ultraviolet (UV) exposure and are therefore eminently preventable. Unhealthy tanning behavior is mostly initiated in early adolescence, often with the belief that it increases attractiveness; the problems related to skin atrophy and malignant melanoma are too far in the future to fathom. Photoaging desktop programs, in which an image is altered to predict future appearance, have been successful in positively influencing behavior in adiposity or tobacco prevention settings...
July 26, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732717/counseling-about-skin-cancer-prevention-among-adolescents-what-do-parents-receive-from-health-care-providers
#13
Annie-Laurie McRee, Darren Mays, Melanie L Kornides, Melissa B Gilkey
PURPOSE: Adolescence is a high-risk period for ultraviolet radiation exposure, a primary cause of skin cancer later in life. We sought to characterize receipt of health care provider-delivered counseling about skin cancer prevention (SCP) among parents of adolescents. METHODS: In 2016, we conducted an online survey with a national sample of parents of adolescents aged 11-17 years (n = 1,253). Multivariable logistic regression assessed correlates of receiving counseling from a health care provider about any of the six skin cancer prevention (SCP) topics...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715145/the-autophagy-receptor-adaptor-p62-is-up-regulated-by-uva-radiation-in-melanocytes-and-in-melanoma-cells
#14
Ashley Sample, Baozhong Zhao, Chunli Wu, Steven Qian, Xianglin Shi, Andrew Aplin, Yu-Ying He
UVA (315-400 nm) is the most abundant in sunlight and is used in indoor tanning beds. However, much remains to be understood about the regulation of the UVA damage response in melanocytes and melanoma. Here we show that UVA, but not the shorter waveband UVB (280-315 nm), up-regulates adaptor protein p62 in an Nrf2- and ROS-dependent manner, suggesting a UVA-specific effect on p62 regulation. UVA-induced p62 up-regulation was inhibited by a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant or Nrf2 knockdown. In addition, p62 knockdown inhibited UVA-induced ROS production and Nrf2 up-regulation...
July 17, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674581/sunbeds-and-skin-cancer-risk-quantifying-a-baseline-estimate-of-sunbed-facilities-in-south-africa-prior-to-implementation-of-sunbed-regulations
#15
Caradee Yael Wright, Patricia Nicole Albers, Anthony Ivor Reeder, Angela Mathee
INTRODUCTION: In 2009, ultraviolet-emitting tanning devices, i.e. sunbeds and tanning booths, were officially classified as carcinogenic to human health (Group 1) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. METHODS: Here, we aim to estimate South African-based facilities with indoor tanning services advertised in the printed Yellow Pages and online in two directories. Printed Yellow Pages telephone directory beauty salon facilities listings (2010-14) for all provinces were examined and those mentioning "sunbed" and/or "tanning bed" recorded...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639816/review-of-interventions-to-reduce-ultraviolet-tanning-need-for-treatments-targeting-excessive-tanning-an-emerging-addictive-behavior
#16
Jerod L Stapleton, Joel Hillhouse, Kristine Levonyan-Radloff, Sharon L Manne
Millions of Americans engage in tanning each year, defined as intentional ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure in the form of sunbathing or the use of indoor tanning beds. An emerging body of research suggests that UVR has addictive properties and some tanners engage in excessive tanning. This article provides an overview of the evidence of tanning addiction and a systematic review of existing tanning interventions with the goal of evaluating their potential to impact addicted tanners. Our search identified 24 intervention studies that were summarized and discussed according to 3 primary themes...
June 22, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633754/total-body-skin-examination-adherence-among-young-adults-with-an-increased-risk-for-skin-cancer
#17
Julie Williams Merten, Jessica L King, Erin Largo-Wight
Although ultraviolent radiation exposure and skin cancer rates are rising in the US, there is not a consistent national message calling for routine total body skin examinations (TBSE) by a healthcare provider. This pilot study examined TBSE rates among adults at an increased risk for skin cancer (history of sunburn, indoor tanning use, excessive UV exposure, poor sunscreen use). Overall skin cancer prevention behaviors were insufficient among respondents (n=953) and only a quarter of respondents considered at an increased risk for skin cancer reported a TBSE...
June 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612848/-ultraviolet-exposure-from-indoor-tanning-devices-as-a-potential-source-of-health-risks-basic-knowledge-of-the-proper-use-of-these-devices-for-practical-users-physicians-and-solarium-staff
#18
REVIEW
Jolanta Malinowska-Borowska, Elżbieta Janosik
Bearing in mind the adverse health effects of exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation in solarium, especially the risk of carcinogenesis, there is a need to adopt legal regulations by relevant Polish authorities. They should set out the principles for indoor tanning studios operation, supervision and service of the technical parameters of tanning devices and training programs to provide the staff with professional knowledge and other aspects of safety in these facilities. The mechanism of the harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation on the human body, scale of overexposure, resulting from excessive sunbathing are described...
July 26, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601617/intentional-outdoor-tanning-in-the-united-states-results-from-the-2015-summer-consumerstyles-survey
#19
Meredith L Shoemaker, Zahava Berkowitz, Meg Watson
There is limited literature about adults in the United States who usually or always spend time outdoors for the purpose of developing a tan, defined as intentional outdoor tanning. Using data from the 2015 Summer ConsumerStyles, an online cross-sectional survey weighted to the US adult population (n=4,127), we performed unadjusted and adjusted multivariable logistic regressions to examine the associations between demographic characteristics, behaviors, and belief factors related to skin cancer risk and intentional outdoor tanning...
August 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598730/the-effects-of-gain-loss-and-balanced-framed-messages-for-preventing-indoor-tanning-among-young-adult-women
#20
Darren Mays, W Douglas Evans
Indoor tanning (IT) increases the risks of skin cancer, but evidence on how to design health education messaging targeting IT among young adult women remains limited. This study investigated the effects of theory-guided gain-, loss-, and balanced-framed IT prevention messages. Young adult women ages 18-30 who indoor tan (n = 552, mean age = 24.9 years [standard deviation = 3.1]) were recruited online, completed pre-exposure measures, and were randomized to view a gain-, loss-, or balanced-framed message...
July 2017: Journal of Health Communication
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