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Indoor tanning

Alexander H Fischer, Timothy S Wang, Gayane Yenokyan, Sewon Kang, Anna L Chien
Importance: Indoor tanning is prevalent among young adults and women and is associated with increased risk of melanoma. Evidence suggests that indoor tanners may be more inclined to adopt poor photoprotective practices that further increase their risk of skin cancer; however, gaps in the literature exist in young adults and by indoor tanning frequency. Objective: To examine the association between indoor tanning frequency and behaviors related to skin cancer prevention and to investigate whether these associations vary by age group or sex...
October 12, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
(no author information available yet)
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September 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Yuping Zhou, Yanmin Zhang, Fangfang Li, Liju Tan, Jiangtao Wang
Nutrients variations caused by anthropogenic activities alter phytoplankton community interactions, especially competition and succession between two algal species. East China Sea experiences annual successions of Skeletonema costatum and Prorocentrum donghaiense and large-scale blooms of P. donghaiense. In this study, the growth and competition responses of S. costatum and P. donghaiense to different inorganic nutrients structure were evaluated through field and indoors experiments to further understand the nutrients mechanism of these events...
September 17, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Paramjit K Sandhu, Randy Elder, Mona Patel, Mona Saraiya, Dawn M Holman, Frank Perna, Robert A Smith, David Buller, Craig Sinclair, Anthony Reeder, Jennifer Makin, Bronwen McNoe, Karen Glanz
CONTEXT: Skin cancer is a preventable and commonly diagnosed cancer in the U.S. Excessive ultraviolet radiation exposure is a known cause of skin cancer. This article presents updated results of two types of interventions evaluated in a previously published Community Guide systematic review: multicomponent community-wide interventions and mass media interventions when used alone. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Studies assessing multicomponent community-wide and mass media interventions to prevent skin cancer by reducing ultraviolet radiation exposure were evaluated using Community Guide systematic review methods...
October 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Lauren M Madigan, Henry W Lim
As the use of indoor tanning beds gained popularity in the decades after their appearance in the market in the early 1970s, concerns arose regarding their use. Clinical research has revealed an association between indoor tanning and several health risks, including the subsequent occurrence of melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancers, the development of psychologic dependence, and a tendency toward other high-risk health behaviors. In the face of mounting evidence, legislation has been passed, which includes the restriction of access to tanning beds by minors in 42 states and the District of Columbia, and the recent reclassification by the Food and Drug Administration, which now categorizes tanning beds as class II devices and worthy of restrictions and oversight...
September 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
Reza Ghiasvand, Elisabete Weiderpass, Adele C Green, Eiliv Lund, Marit B Veierød
PURPOSE: To assess melanoma risk in relation to sunscreen use and to compare high- with low-sun protection factor (SPF) sunscreens in relation to sunbathing habits in a large cohort study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data from the Norwegian Women and Cancer Study, a prospective population-based study of 143,844 women age 40 to 75 years at inclusion with 1,532,247 person-years of follow-up and 722 cases of melanoma. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate the association between sunscreen use (never, SPF < 15, SPF ≥ 15) and melanoma risk by calculating hazard ratios and 95% CIs...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Lauren Wiznia, Feng Dai, Anees B Chagpar
Purpose Indoor tanning is associated with an increased risk of non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC), yet little is known about indoor tanning habits of individuals with a history of NMSC. Methods We examined self-reported history of NMSC and tanning bed use among non-Hispanic white respondents in the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), a cross-sectional population-based survey designed to be representative of the civilian US population. We computed weighted population estimates and standard errors using the Taylor series linearization method...
2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Jessica Gall Myrick, Seth M Noar, Dannielle Kelley, Alexandra E Zeitany
Background Unlike other types of cancer, skin cancer incidence rates are on the rise and adolescent females are particularly likely to tan indoors, a major risk factor. However, little research has examined the role of media use in encouraging or discouraging this dangerous behavior in this population. Aims To empirically assess the links between media use, indoor tanning-related outcome expectations, and behavioral intentions. Method A survey of adolescent females (N = 510) ages 15 to 18 in the Southeastern United States assessed demographics, types of media use, and indoor tanning intentions...
September 2, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Ashley K Day, Carlene J Wilson, Amanda D Hutchinson, Rachel M Roberts
Australia has a significant proportion of residents of Asian heritage. Although the incidence of skin cancer is lower in those of Asian heritage than Caucasians, their prognosis is often worse. Sociocultural variables are central to the tanning behaviours of individuals from Western cultures. We examined the role of sociocultural variables in the tanning behaviours (outdoor tanning, indoor/solarium and fake tan use) among Asian Australians. A sample of 399 young adults identifying either as a person of Asian heritage or as Asian Australian participated in an online survey...
October 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
E Harland, J Griffith, H Lu, T Erickson, K Magsino
INTRODUCTION: Although indoor tanning causes cancer, it remains relatively common among adolescents. Little is known about indoor tanning prevalence and habits in Canada, and even less about associated behaviours. This study explores the prevalence of adolescent indoor tanning in Manitoba and its association with other demographic characteristics and health behaviours. METHODS: We conducted secondary analyses of the 2012/13 Manitoba Youth Health Survey data collected from Grade 7 to 12 students (n = 64 174) and examined associations between indoor tanning (whether participants had ever used artificial tanning equipment) and 25 variables...
August 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Joel Hillhouse, Rob Turrisi, Nichole M Scaglione, Michael J Cleveland, Katie Baker, L Carter Florence
Youthful indoor tanning as few as ten sessions can increase the risk of melanoma by two to four times with each additional session adding another 2 % to the risk. Recent research estimates that indoor tanning can be linked to approximately 450,000 cases of skin cancer annually in the USA, Europe, and Australia. Despite these risks, indoor tanning remains popular with adolescents. This study tested the efficacy of a web-based skin cancer prevention intervention designed to reduce indoor tanning motivations in adolescent females...
August 22, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
C D Hagan, B A Hardwick, T Opel, C L Sweet, P D Terry, J Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 6, 2016: Public Health
Darren Mays, Sarah E Murphy, Rachel Bubly, Michael B Atkins, Kenneth P Tercyak
The purpose of this study to examine support for indoor tanning policies and correlates of policy support among young adult women who indoor tan. Non-Hispanic white women ages 18-30 who indoor tanned in the past year (n = 356, M 23.3 age, SD 3.1) recruited in the Washington, DC area from 2013 to 2016 completed measures of indoor tanning behaviors, attitudes, perceptions, beliefs, and policy support. Most women in the sample supported policies to prevent children under the age of 18 from indoor tanning (74...
August 5, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Wen-Qing Li, Eunyoung Cho, Martin A Weinstock, Hasan Mashfiq, Abrar A Qureshi
OBJECTIVES: To review the contribution of the Nurses' Health Studies (NHSs) to identifying epidemiological factors associated with multiple skin diseases, including skin cancer, psoriasis, and other inflammatory and autoimmune skin diseases. METHODS: We carried out a narrative review of NHS articles published between 1976 and 2016. RESULTS: The NHSs have identified environmental and lifestyle factors related to psoriasis, supporting obesity and smoking as psoriasis risk factors; associations between psoriasis and diabetes, myocardial infarction, and Crohn's disease, supporting psoriasis as a systemic disorder; and associations of pigmentary traits, ultraviolet radiation, and lifestyle factors such as citrus consumption with risk of skin cancer...
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Elliot J Coups, Jerod L Stapleton, Cristine D Delnevo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Anne K Julian, Jeffrey W Bethel, Michelle C Odden, Sheryl Thorburn
OBJECTIVE: The objectives were to examine (1) sex differences in factors associated with indoor tanning, and (2) the relationship between cancer risk perception and skin cancer screening among indoor tanners. METHODS: Data are from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey. The sample was limited to U.S. adults (≥ 18 years) using an indoor tanning device in the last year (N = 1177). We conducted bivariate and multivariate weighted analyses. RESULTS: Among indoor tanners, less than 30% of men and women reported having ever had a skin exam...
June 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Marie Z Le Clair, Myles G Cockburn
PURPOSE: Exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) from indoor tanning devices is thought to cause melanoma and other negative health consequences. Despite these findings, the practice of indoor tanning in the United States remains prevalent. In this paper we aim to present a clear discussion of the relationship between indoor tanning and melanoma risk, and to identify potential strategies for effective melanoma prevention by addressing indoor tanning device use. BASIC PROCEDURES: We reviewed relevant literature on the risks of indoor tanning, current indoor tanning legislation, and trends in indoor tanning and melanoma incidence...
June 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Simone Pettigrew, Michelle Jongenelis, Mark Strickland, Carolyn Minto, Terry Slevin, Geoffrey Jalleh, Chad Lin
BACKGROUND: Excessive sun exposure and sunburn increase individuals' risk of skin cancer. It is especially important to prevent sunburn in childhood due to the higher relative risk of skin cancer across the life span compared to risk associated with sunburn episodes experienced later in life. This study examined demographic and attitudinal factors associated with engagement in a range of sun protection behaviours (wearing a hat, wearing protective clothing, staying in the shade, and staying indoors during the middle of the day) and the frequency of sunburn among Western Australian adolescents to provide insights of relevance for future sun protection campaigns...
2016: BMC Public Health
Carolyn Heckman, Susan Darlow, Jessye Cohen-Filipic, Jacqueline Kloss
Indoor tanning (IT) has been linked with psychiatric and addictive symptoms, and frequent tanning may indicate tanning dependence (addiction). The current study evaluated the effects of an IT episode on mood states and the association of these effects with psychiatric and addictive symptoms among young adult female indoor tanners. One-hundred thirty-nine female university students aged 18-25 years who had indoor tanned completed an online survey including the Positive and Negative Affects Scales and a standardized psychiatric interview (the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview) via telephone...
June 23, 2016: Health Psychology Research
Derek D Reed, Brent A Kaplan, Amel Becirevic, Peter G Roma, Steven R Hursh
Many adults engage in ultraviolet indoor tanning despite evidence of its association with skin cancer. The constellation of behaviors associated with ultraviolet indoor tanning is analogous to that in other behavioral addictions. Despite a growing literature on ultraviolet indoor tanning as an addiction, there remains no consensus on how to identify ultraviolet indoor tanning addictive tendencies. The purpose of the present study was to translate a behavioral economic task more commonly used in substance abuse to quantify the "abuse liability" of ultraviolet indoor tanning, establish construct validity, and determine convergent validity with the most commonly used diagnostic tools for ultraviolet indoor tanning addiction (i...
July 2016: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
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