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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329669/sun-protection-behavior-and-sunburns-among-arizona-adults
#1
Stephanie M Koch, Robin B Harris, Elizabeth T Jacobs, Kacey C Ernst, Leslie K Dennis
ObjectiveTo examine the prevalence of sun protection behaviors and sunburn history among adults in a region of the United States with high ultraviolet radiation exposure.Design and SettingData on self-reported sun protection and sunburns were obtained using supplemental questions added to the 2013 Arizona Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey. 3,370 Arizona adults over the age of 18 years completed questions about use sunscreen and protective clothing and reported sunburns within past 12 months...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329657/perceptions-of-indoor-vs-outdoor-tanning-risks-among-melanoma-patients-who-have-a-history-of-indoor-uv-tanning-an-international-internet-survey
#2
Jennifer Nergard, Chauncey Caldwell, Morgan Barr, Robert P Dellavalle, James A Solomon
IntroductionA new U.S. FDA regulation categorizes tanning beds as category II¹, and similar global regulatory action require informing users of the "risk of skin cancer" as methods to reverse the growing trend of indoor tanning. However, little is known from the patient's perspective on whether or not knowledge of risk of cancer is a deterrent to indoor tanning. Also, there is conflicting literature on the relationship between frequency of indoor tanning, age of onset and characteristics of patients' melanoma diagnoses...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329635/compliance-with-indoor-tanning-laws-for-minors-among-salons-and-business-in-the-united-states
#3
Courtney Choy, Brenda Cartmel, Rachel Clare, Leah M Ferrucci
Indoor tanning is an established risk factor for skin cancer, yet indoor tanning is quite common among adolescents. Laws exists in some states to limit access to indoor tanning by minors, but there is limited research on industry compliance with these laws.We conducted a telephone survey with a random sample of businesses (n=412) offering indoor tanning in the 14 states with indoor tanning bans for minors as of May 2015. Female research assistants posing as minors conducted telephone interviews with employees using a standardized script...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329628/attitudes-and-predictors-of-sunless-tanning-in-a-sample-of-young-adults
#4
Chelsea Anderson, Brenda Cartmel, Susan T Mayne, Leah M Ferrucci
Given the popularity of a tan appearance, sunless tanning may play a role in skin cancer prevention as a substitute for ultraviolet (UV) tanning. Few studies have comprehensively assessed attitudes toward sunless tanning or predictors of use.Demographic, phenotypic, and lifestyle characteristics were ascertained during in-person interviews of 385 non-Hispanic whites (<age 40) who were controls in a case-control study of early-onset basal cell carcinoma. Attitudes toward sunless tanning were queried via self- administered questionnaire...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329626/associations-between-indoor-tanning-and-risky-health-related-behaviors-among-high-school-students-in-the-united-states
#5
Stephanie Chapman, Kurt Ashack, Eric Bell, Myra Ann Sendelweck, Robert Dellavalle
Understanding of the associations between indoor tanning and risky health related behaviors such as sexual activity and substance abuse among adolescents across the United States is incomplete. The purpose of this study is to identify risky health related behaviors among high school students utilizing indoor tanning according to region. We analyzed the results from surveys of adolescents in 14 different states administered as part of the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) 2013. Data were collected and analyzed over a 4-month period from January 2016 to April 2016...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329401/indoor-tanning-initiation-among-tanners-in-the-united-states
#6
Meg Watson, Meredith Shoemaker, Katie Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322879/the-association-between-beliefs-about-vitamin-d-and-skin-cancer-risk-related-behaviors
#7
Dawn M Holman, Zahava Berkowitz, Gery P Guy, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford, Elliot J Coups
Major health organizations recommend obtaining most of one's vitamin D through dietary sources rather than from sun exposure, given the link between sun exposure and increased skin cancer risk. The purpose of this study is to examine the association between beliefs about vitamin D and skin cancer risk-related behaviors, a topic on which research is limited. We analyzed cross-sectional online survey data collected in the summer of 2015 from 4127U.S. adults aged 18years and older. Overall, 19.7% of adults believed that sun protection would put them at risk of not getting enough vitamin D...
March 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272337/impact-of-isotonic-beverage-on-the-hydration-status-of-healthy-chinese-adults-in-air-conditioned-environment
#8
Phei Ching Siow, Wei Shuan Kimberly Tan, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
People living in tropical climates spend much of their time in confined air-conditioned spaces, performing normal daily activities. This study investigated the effect of distilled water (W) or isotonic beverage (IB) on the hydration status in subjects living under these conditions. In a randomized crossover design, forty-nine healthy male subjects either consumed beverage or IB over a period of 8 h (8 h) in a controlled air-conditioned environment. Blood, urine, and saliva samples were collected at baseline and after 8 h...
March 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271019/creating-the-first-indoor-tan-free-skin-smart-college-campus
#9
Jessica S Mounessa, Sherry L Pagoto, Katie Baker, John Antonishak, Robert P Dellavalle
Given the prevalence and risk associated with indoor tanning among college students, university campuses constitute a prime target for skin cancer prevention. This report identifies the successes and challenges faced in promoting a campus-wide tan-free policy through the National Council on Skin Cancer Prevention (NCSCP) Indoor Tan-Free Skin Smart Campus Initiative. Beginning in February 2016, we communicated with university faculty or staff members who have participated in skin cancer prevention via education, clinical care, or research at 20 universities regarding the steps to adopt the tan-free policy...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266905/assessing-the-potential-effectiveness-of-pictorial-messages-to-deter-young-women-from-indoor-tanning-an-experimental-study
#10
Jennah M Sontag, Seth M Noar
The recent Surgeon General's call-to-action to prevent skin cancer indicates an urgent need for research on messages to deter young women from tanning indoors. Answering this call, the current study assessed differences in the potential effectiveness of pictorial indoor tanning messages. We randomly assigned undergraduate female participants (N = 568) to one of three message conditions visually depicting health effects, appearance damage, or immediate risks, or to a text-only control. All participants viewed three messages within their condition and answered questions after message exposure...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257531/prevalence-of-indoor-tanning-and-association-with-sunburn-among-youth-in-the-united-states
#11
Gery P Guy, Zahava Berkowitz, Sherry Everett Jones, Meg Watson, Lisa C Richardson
Importance: Indoor tanning and sunburns, particularly during adolescence and young adulthood, increase the risk of developing skin cancer. Objective: To examine the trends in the prevalence of indoor tanning and the association between indoor tanning and sunburn among US high school students. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study pooled and examined cross-sectional data from the 2009, 2011, 2013, and 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey...
March 3, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254810/sun-exposure-and-protection-behaviors-among-long-term-melanoma-survivors-and-population-controls
#12
Rachel Isaksson Vogel, Lori G Strayer, Leah Engelman, Heather H Nelson, Anne H Blaes, Kristin E Anderson, DeAnn Lazovich
Introduction: Melanoma is considered a generally preventable cancer, with excessive ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure being a strong causal factor. UVR exposure following a melanoma diagnosis can be modified to reduce risk of second primary melanomas. The goal of this study was to compare measures of UVR exposure and protection behaviors between long-term melanoma survivors and controls.Methods: Participants from a previously conducted case-control study were recruited for a cross-sectional survey. Melanoma cases were 25 to 59 years old at diagnosis; controls were age and sex matched...
March 2, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254720/organic-contaminants-and-heavy-metals-in-indoor-dust-from-e-waste-recycling-rural-and-urban-areas-in-south-china-spatial-characteristics-and-implications-for-human-exposure
#13
Chun-Tao He, Xiao-Bo Zheng, Xiao Yan, Jing Zheng, Mei-Huan Wang, Xiao Tan, Lin Qiao, She-Jun Chen, Zhong-Yi Yang, Bi-Xian Mai
The concentrations of several organic contaminants (OCs) and heavy metals were measured in indoor dust from e-waste recycling, rural, and urban areas in South China to illustrate the spatial characteristics of these pollutants and to further evaluate human exposure risks. The median concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE), and dechlorane plus (DPs) were 38.6-3560, 2360-30,100, 665-2720, and 19.5-1860ng/g, while the median concentrations of Cd, Pb, Cu, Cr, and Zn were 2...
February 27, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181003/friendly-tanning-young-adults-engagement-with-friends-around-indoor-tanning
#14
Vivian M Rodríguez, Casey L Daniel, Brooke Foucault Welles, Alan C Geller, Jennifer L Hay
Indoor tanning (IT), particularly during early adulthood, increases risk for melanoma and is exceedingly common among youth. Social influence, including social norms, promotes IT but little is known about young adults' engagement with friends around tanning. We examined IT behaviors and tanning-related communication with friends at three universities. Of 837 participants, 261 (31%) reported ever tanning (90% female, 85% White). Of those, 113 (43%) were former tanners and 148 (57%) current tanners. Current tanners reported more social tanning and discussions with friends about tanning, more frequent outdoor tanning, high propensity to tan, and greater lifetime IT exposure than former tanners...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144835/the-urgent-need-to-ban-youth-indoor-tanning-evidence-from-college-undergraduates
#15
Casey L Daniel, Jennifer L Hay, Brooke Foucault Welles, Alan C Geller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129487/predictors-of-tanning-dependence-in-white-non-hispanic-females-and-males
#16
B Cartmel, A E Bale, S T Mayne, J E Gelernter, A T DeWan, P Spain, D J Leffell, S Pagoto, L M Ferrucci
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that some individuals may exhibit symptoms of dependence on ultraviolet (UV) light, a known carcinogen, in the context of tanning; however, few studies have investigated predictors of tanning dependence (TD). OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of tanning dependence (TD). METHODS: Non-Hispanics of European-ancestry who had previously participated in a case-control study of early-onset basal cell carcinoma completed an online survey to ascertain TD and other behaviors (alcohol dependence, nicotine dependence, seasonal affective disorder (SAD), exercise 'addiction', and depression)...
January 27, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098917/tanning-equipment-use-2014-canadian-community-health-survey
#17
Sami Q Qutob, Michelle O'Brien, Katya Feder, James McNamee, Mireille Guay, John Than
BACKGROUND: Tanning equipment use is related to the early onset of cancer, with the risk increasing as the duration and repetition of exposure increase. In 2009, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified tanning equipment use as carcinogenic to humans, and according to the World Health Organization, the risk of skin melanoma increases significantly when use begins before age 35. DATA AND METHODS: The rapid response component of the 2014 Canadian Community Health Survey collected data on the use of tanning equipment in the previous 12 months, including reasons for use, frequency/duration of use, precautions taken, and adverse reactions or injuries...
January 18, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077361/ghiasvand-et-al-respond-to-indoor-tanning-a-melanoma-accelerator
#18
Reza Ghiasvand, Corina S Rueegg, Elisabete Weiderpass, Adele C Green, Eiliv Lund, Marit B Veierød
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077360/invited-commentary-indoor-tanning-a-melanoma-accelerator
#19
Marianne Berwick, Jean-François Doré
In this issue of the Journal, Ghiasvand et al. (Am J Epidemiol. 2017;185(00):000-000) present results from a longitudinal study of the association between indoor tanning and melanoma in a large cohort of Norwegian women. These new data further support previous findings on the damaging effects of tanning bed exposure on women, particularly young women. The authors present compelling evidence that early exposure to tanning beds advances the date of diagnosis of melanoma by at least 2 years. With a strong design and a large cohort followed for a mean of 13...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077359/indoor-tanning-and-melanoma-risk-long-term-evidence-from-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Reza Ghiasvand, Corina S Rueegg, Elisabete Weiderpass, Adele C Green, Eiliv Lund, Marit B Veierød
Indoor tanning is associated with increased risk of melanoma, but most evidence comes from case-control studies. Using data from the Norwegian Women and Cancer Study, a large prospective cohort study, we investigated the associations of age at initiation of indoor tanning, duration of tanning-device use, and dose response with melanoma risk and examined the role of indoor tanning in age at melanoma diagnosis. We used Poisson regression to estimate relative risks and 95% confidence intervals for the relationship of indoor tanning to melanoma risk and linear regression to examine age of indoor tanning initiation in relation to age at diagnosis...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
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