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Indoor tanning

Bronwen M McNoe, Anthony I Reeder
AIMS: In the context of possible regulation, to quantify and describe: (1) indoor tanning businesses in New Zealand; (2) sunbeds available for sale on Trade Me©. METHOD: In January 2016, we conducted a national audit of businesses potentially providing sunbed services (solariums, beauty-salons, hairdressers, gyms and fitness centres) to assess the availability and cost of indoor tanning services (sunbeds and spray tanning). In addition, Trade Me©, New Zealand's largest auction site for second-hand goods, was monitored for one year to determine whether ex-commercial sunbeds were being sold in the domestic market...
December 2, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
Sherry L Pagoto, Katie Baker, Julia Griffith, Jessica L Oleski, Ashley Palumbo, Barbara J Walkosz, Joel Hillhouse, Kimberly L Henry, David B Buller
BACKGROUND: Indoor tanning elevates the risk for melanoma, which is now the most common cancer in US women aged 25-29. Public policies restricting access to indoor tanning by minors to reduce melanoma morbidity and mortality in teens are emerging. In the United States, the most common policy restricting indoor tanning in minors involves parents providing either written or in person consent for the minor to purchase a tanning visit. The effectiveness of this policy relies on parents being properly educated about the harms of indoor tanning to their children...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
A F Duarte, J N Maia Silva, A Costa Pereira, E Nagore, A Picoto, O Correia
Although sunbed use is considered a complete carcinogen for skin cancer, over the past decades exposure to indoor tanning is becoming more popular.(1, 2) The risk appears to be stronger for young women, initial use at an early age (less than 35 years) and higher number of sunbed sessions. (3, 4) With this study we aim to better understand the features of sunbed users in Portuguese beach goers, a group at high risk for skin cancer. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
November 29, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Xiangping Tan, Yanju Liu, Kaihong Yan, Ziquan Wang, Guannan Lu, Yike He, Wenxiang He
Dehydrogenase activity (DHA) is an important indicator of heavy metal toxicity in contaminated soils. Different instances of DHA were determined using various substrates and which could affect the description of heavy metal toxicity. Currently, too few investigations have been done on selecting appropriate substrates. This study employed indoor simulation to determine soil DHA and its response to external cadmium (Cd) using two substrates (TTC and INT). Hormesis for DHA obtained using the TTC method (DHA-TTC) in low Cd concentration was observed which was quickly inhibited in high Cd concentration...
November 22, 2016: Chemosphere
Sock Yin Tan, Sarva Mangala Praveena, Emilia Zainal Abidin, Manraj Singh Cheema
Indoor dust acts as a media for heavy metal deposition. Past studies have shown that heavy metal concentration in indoor dust is affected by local human activities and atmospheric transport can have harmful effects on human health. Additionally, children are more sensitive to heavy metals due to their hand-to-mouth behaviour and rapid body development. However, limited information on health risks were found in past dust studies as these studies aimed to identify heavy metal concentrations and sources of indoor dust...
December 1, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
Mary K Tripp, Jeffrey E Gershenwald, Michael A Davies, Joxel Garcia, Ellen R Gritz, Ernest T Hawk, Susan K Peterson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
Jeffrey E Gershenwald, Allan C Halpern, Vernon K Sondak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Nick Carcioppolo
Previous research has demonstrated an inconsistent relationship between perceived susceptibility to skin cancer and indoor tanning. The current study explored potential moderators of this relationship to better understand how risk perceptions can impact indoor tanning intentions and behavior. A national online survey (N = 267) was administered in the United States to establish the relationship between perceived susceptibility to skin cancer, cancer fatalism, and external risk attribution beliefs on indoor tanning intentions and behavior...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Alexander H Fischer, Timothy S Wang, Gayane Yenokyan, Sewon Kang, Anna L Chien
Importance: Indoor tanning is prevalent among young adults and women and is associated with increased risk of melanoma. Evidence suggests that indoor tanners may be more inclined to adopt poor photoprotective practices that further increase their risk of skin cancer; however, gaps in the literature exist in young adults and by indoor tanning frequency. Objective: To examine the association between indoor tanning frequency and behaviors related to skin cancer prevention and to investigate whether these associations vary by age group or sex...
October 12, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article].
September 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Yuping Zhou, Yanmin Zhang, Fangfang Li, Liju Tan, Jiangtao Wang
Nutrients variations caused by anthropogenic activities alter phytoplankton community interactions, especially competition and succession between two algal species. East China Sea experiences annual successions of Skeletonema costatum and Prorocentrum donghaiense and large-scale blooms of P. donghaiense. In this study, the growth and competition responses of S. costatum and P. donghaiense to different inorganic nutrients structure were evaluated through field and indoors experiments to further understand the nutrients mechanism of these events...
September 17, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Paramjit K Sandhu, Randy Elder, Mona Patel, Mona Saraiya, Dawn M Holman, Frank Perna, Robert A Smith, David Buller, Craig Sinclair, Anthony Reeder, Jennifer Makin, Bronwen McNoe, Karen Glanz
CONTEXT: Skin cancer is a preventable and commonly diagnosed cancer in the U.S. Excessive ultraviolet radiation exposure is a known cause of skin cancer. This article presents updated results of two types of interventions evaluated in a previously published Community Guide systematic review: multicomponent community-wide interventions and mass media interventions when used alone. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Studies assessing multicomponent community-wide and mass media interventions to prevent skin cancer by reducing ultraviolet radiation exposure were evaluated using Community Guide systematic review methods...
October 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Lauren M Madigan, Henry W Lim
As the use of indoor tanning beds gained popularity in the decades after their appearance in the market in the early 1970s, concerns arose regarding their use. Clinical research has revealed an association between indoor tanning and several health risks, including the subsequent occurrence of melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancers, the development of psychologic dependence, and a tendency toward other high-risk health behaviors. In the face of mounting evidence, legislation has been passed, which includes the restriction of access to tanning beds by minors in 42 states and the District of Columbia, and the recent reclassification by the Food and Drug Administration, which now categorizes tanning beds as class II devices and worthy of restrictions and oversight...
September 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
Reza Ghiasvand, Elisabete Weiderpass, Adele C Green, Eiliv Lund, Marit B Veierød
PURPOSE: To assess melanoma risk in relation to sunscreen use and to compare high- with low-sun protection factor (SPF) sunscreens in relation to sunbathing habits in a large cohort study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data from the Norwegian Women and Cancer Study, a prospective population-based study of 143,844 women age 40 to 75 years at inclusion with 1,532,247 person-years of follow-up and 722 cases of melanoma. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate the association between sunscreen use (never, SPF < 15, SPF ≥ 15) and melanoma risk by calculating hazard ratios and 95% CIs...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Lauren Wiznia, Feng Dai, Anees B Chagpar
Purpose Indoor tanning is associated with an increased risk of non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC), yet little is known about indoor tanning habits of individuals with a history of NMSC. Methods We examined self-reported history of NMSC and tanning bed use among non-Hispanic white respondents in the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), a cross-sectional population-based survey designed to be representative of the civilian US population. We computed weighted population estimates and standard errors using the Taylor series linearization method...
2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Jessica Gall Myrick, Seth M Noar, Dannielle Kelley, Alexandra E Zeitany
Background Unlike other types of cancer, skin cancer incidence rates are on the rise and adolescent females are particularly likely to tan indoors, a major risk factor. However, little research has examined the role of media use in encouraging or discouraging this dangerous behavior in this population. Aims To empirically assess the links between media use, indoor tanning-related outcome expectations, and behavioral intentions. Method A survey of adolescent females (N = 510) ages 15 to 18 in the Southeastern United States assessed demographics, types of media use, and indoor tanning intentions...
September 2, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Ashley K Day, Carlene J Wilson, Amanda D Hutchinson, Rachel M Roberts
Australia has a significant proportion of residents of Asian heritage. Although the incidence of skin cancer is lower in those of Asian heritage than Caucasians, their prognosis is often worse. Sociocultural variables are central to the tanning behaviours of individuals from Western cultures. We examined the role of sociocultural variables in the tanning behaviours (outdoor tanning, indoor/solarium and fake tan use) among Asian Australians. A sample of 399 young adults identifying either as a person of Asian heritage or as Asian Australian participated in an online survey...
October 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
E Harland, J Griffith, H Lu, T Erickson, K Magsino
INTRODUCTION: Although indoor tanning causes cancer, it remains relatively common among adolescents. Little is known about indoor tanning prevalence and habits in Canada, and even less about associated behaviours. This study explores the prevalence of adolescent indoor tanning in Manitoba and its association with other demographic characteristics and health behaviours. METHODS: We conducted secondary analyses of the 2012/13 Manitoba Youth Health Survey data collected from Grade 7 to 12 students (n = 64 174) and examined associations between indoor tanning (whether participants had ever used artificial tanning equipment) and 25 variables...
August 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Joel Hillhouse, Rob Turrisi, Nichole M Scaglione, Michael J Cleveland, Katie Baker, L Carter Florence
Youthful indoor tanning as few as ten sessions can increase the risk of melanoma by two to four times with each additional session adding another 2 % to the risk. Recent research estimates that indoor tanning can be linked to approximately 450,000 cases of skin cancer annually in the USA, Europe, and Australia. Despite these risks, indoor tanning remains popular with adolescents. This study tested the efficacy of a web-based skin cancer prevention intervention designed to reduce indoor tanning motivations in adolescent females...
August 22, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
C D Hagan, B A Hardwick, T Opel, C L Sweet, P D Terry, J Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Public Health
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