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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944764/decorating-fiber-nanotip-with-single-perovskite-quantum-dot-and-other-luminescent-nanocrystals-synthesized-in-oil-phase
#1
Yu Qian, Xing Xing, Ya Xu, Zhenda Lu, Weihua Zhang
We report a simple yet robust method for fabricating single perovskite quantum dot decorated fiber nanotips. In this method, a single quantum dot is directly picked up and subsequently glued on the apex of a specially fabricated cantilever fiber tip with a high success rate (approx. 70%) without using expensive close-loop feedback systems. Thanks to the flexibility and robustness of the fiber tips, no damage of the tips was observed in the process. Moreover, nanocrystal dispersing technique was developed to avoid undesired aggregations of quantum dots, and it guarantees that only one quantum dot is glued for each time...
September 25, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944376/effect-of-dentin-moisture-and-application-mode-of-universal-adhesives-on-the-adhesion-of-glass-fiber-posts-to-root-canal
#2
Yançanã Luizy Gruber, Thaís Emanuelle Bakaus, Osnara Maria Mongruel Gomes, Alessandra Reis, Giovana Mongruel Gomes
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of dentin moisture and application mode of universal adhesives on bond strength (BS) and nanoleakage (NL) of fiber posts bonded to root dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The roots of 96 extracted human canines were treated endodontically, and the fiber posts were cemented according to the combination of the following factors: dentin moisture (dry and wet), cementation system [Single Bond Universal/RelyX ARC (SBU) and Prime&Bond elect/Enforce (PBE)], and adhesive application [active (A) and passive (P)] in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939817/extreme-magneto-transport-of-bulk-carbon-nanotubes-in-sorted-electronic-concentrations-and-aligned-high-performance-fiber
#3
John S Bulmer, Agnieszka Lekawa-Raus, Dwight G Rickel, Fedor F Balakirev, Krzysztof K Koziol
We explored high-field (60 T) magneto-resistance (MR) with two carbon nanotube (CNT) material classes: (1) unaligned single-wall CNTs (SWCNT) films with controlled metallic SWCNT concentrations and doping degree and (2) CNT fiber with aligned, long-length microstructure. All unaligned SWCNT films showed localized hopping transport where high-field MR saturation definitively supports spin polarization instead of a more prevalent wave function shrinking mechanism. Nitric acid exposure induced an insulator to metal transition and reduced the positive MR component...
September 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937307/weight-of-evidence-analysis-for-assessing-the-genotoxic-potential-of-carbon-nanotubes
#4
Peter Møller, Nicklas Raun Jacobsen
Carbon nanotube (CNT) is a nanomaterial that has received interest because of its high-tensile strength and low weight. Although CNTs differ substantially in physico-chemical properties, they share high aspect ratio which resembles that of asbestos and other fibers causing lung cancer and mesothelioma. One type of multi-walled CNTs (i.e. MWCNT-7) has been classified as possibly carcinogenic to humans by IARC (Group 2B) based on experimental animal data, whereas other types of MWCNTs and single-walled CNTs (SWCNT) could not be classified due to lack of data from epidemiologic studies and insufficient mechanistic evidence...
September 22, 2017: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932151/influence-of-irrigating-agents-on-fiber-postpush-out-bond-strength-to-radicular-dentin-sections-with-the-different-adhesive-system
#5
Satheesh B Haralur, Asim Nasser A Alasabi, Sultan A Abohathrah Al Qahtani, Saeed Musleh S Alqahtani
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of irrigating agents on push-out bond strength of resin postcemented with various adhesive systems at different radicular dentin sections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty single-rooted premolar teeth were root canal treated, subsequently decorated at cementoenamel junction. The endodontic postspace was irrigated with 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) for Group A (n = 30) and Group B (n = 30), respectively...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931284/one-step-synthesis-of-fluorescent-boron-nitride-quantum-dots-via-a-hydrothermal-strategy-using-melamine-as-nitrogen-source-for-the-detection-of-ferric-ions
#6
Bingbing Huo, Bingping Liu, Tao Chen, Liang Cui, Gengfang Xu, Mengli Liu, Jingquan Liu
A facile and effective approach for the preparation of functionalized born nitride quantum dots (BNQDs) with blue fluorescence was explored by the hydrothermal treatment of the mixture of boric acid and melamine at 200 oC for 15 h. The as-prepared BNQDs were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution TEM (HRTEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-vis spectroscopy and fluorescence spectroscopy. The single layered BNQDs with the average size of 3 nm showed a blue light emission under the illumination of the UV light...
September 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928764/exploring-and-harnessing-haplotype-diversity-to-improve-yield-stability-in-crops
#7
REVIEW
Lunwen Qian, Lee T Hickey, Andreas Stahl, Christian R Werner, Ben Hayes, Rod J Snowdon, Kai P Voss-Fels
In order to meet future food, feed, fiber, and bioenergy demands, global yields of all major crops need to be increased significantly. At the same time, the increasing frequency of extreme weather events such as heat and drought necessitates improvements in the environmental resilience of modern crop cultivars. Achieving sustainably increase yields implies rapid improvement of quantitative traits with a very complex genetic architecture and strong environmental interaction. Latest advances in genome analysis technologies today provide molecular information at an ultrahigh resolution, revolutionizing crop genomic research, and paving the way for advanced quantitative genetic approaches...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928484/highly-sensitive-fiber-optic-accelerometer-by-grating-inscription-in-specific-core-dip-fiber
#8
Qiangzhou Rong, Tuan Guo, Weijia Bao, Zhihua Shao, Gang-Ding Peng, Xueguang Qiao
A highly sensitive fiber-optic accelerometer based on detecting the power output of resonances from the core dip is demonstrated. The sensing probe comprises a compact structure, hereby a short section of specific core (with a significant core dip) fiber stub containing a straight fiber Bragg grating is spliced to another single-mode fiber via a core self-alignment process. The femtosecond laser side-illumination technique was utilized to ensure that the grating inscription region is precisely positioned and compact in size...
September 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926998/a-new-hydrogen-sensor-based-on-sns-fiber-interferometer-with-pd-wo%C3%A2-coating
#9
Jinxin Shao, Wenge Xie, Xi Song, Yanan Zhang
This paper presents a new hydrogen sensor based on a single mode-no core-single mode (SNS) fiber interferometer structure. The surface of the no core fiber (NCF) was coated by Pd/WO₃ film to detect the variation of hydrogen concentration. If the hydrogen concentration changes, the refractive index of the Pd/WO₃ film as well as the boundary condition for light propagating in the NCF will all be changed, which will then cause a shift into the resonant wavelength of interferometer. Therefore, the hydrogen concentration can be deduced by measuring the shift of the resonant wavelength...
September 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924657/diffraction-unlimited-fluorescence-imaging-with-an-easysted-retrofitted-confocal-microscope
#10
André Klauss, Carsten Hille
The easySTED technology provides the means to retrofit a confocal microscope to a diffraction-unlimited stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscope.Although commercial STED systems are available today, for many users of confocal laser scanning microscopes the option of retrofitting their confocal system to a STED system ready for diffraction-unlimited imaging may present an attractive option. The easySTED principle allowing for a joint beam path of excitation and depletion light promises some advantages concerning technical complexity and alignment effort for such an STED upgrade...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924224/analytic-model-for-the-complex-effective-index-of-the-leaky-modes-of-tube-type-anti-resonant-hollow-core-fibers
#11
Matthias Zeisberger, Markus A Schmidt
Due to their promising applications, hollow-core fibers, in particular, their anti-resonant versions, have recently attracted the attention of the photonics community. Here, we introduce a model that approximates, using the reflection of a wave on a single planar film, modal guidance in tube-type anti-resonant waveguides whose core diameters are large compared to the wavelength. The model yields analytic expressions for the real and imaginary parts of the complex effective index of the leaky modes supported, and is valid in all practically relevant situations, excellently matching all the important dispersion and loss parameters...
September 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923503/in-vivo-confocal-microscopy-detects-bilateral-changes-of-corneal-immune-cells-and-nerves-in-unilateral-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus
#12
Bernardo M Cavalcanti, Andrea Cruzat, Afsun Sahin, Deborah Pavan-Langston, Eric Samayoa, Pedram Hamrah
PURPOSE: To analyze bilateral corneal immune cell and nerve alterations in patients with unilateral herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) by laser in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) and their correlation with corneal sensation and clinical findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective, cross-sectional, controlled single-center study. Twenty-four eyes of 24 HZO patients and their contralateral clinically unaffected eyes and normal controls (n = 24) were included...
September 15, 2017: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920632/acute-cardiotoxicity-induced-by-doxorubicin-in-right-ventricle-is-associated-with-increase-of-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-in-rats
#13
N Anghel, H Herman, C Balta, M Rosu, M S Stan, D Nita, A Ivan, Z Galajda, A Ardelean, A Dinischiotu, A Hermenean
Doxorubicin (DOX) is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents, but its efficiency is seriously limited by the risk of developing cardiomyopathy. The most recognized cardiotoxic effect is left ventricular (LF) dysfunction, but MRI and echocardiography data demonstrated significant right ventricle (RV) function impairment. In order to clarify this aspect, the present study investigated the potential of DOX to induce acute RV cardiotoxicity at the same time as LV impairment. Rats were intraperitoneally (i...
September 18, 2017: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919466/intrastriatally-injected-botulinum-neurotoxin-a-differently-effects-cholinergic-and-dopaminergic-fibers-in-c57bl-6-mice
#14
Alexander Hawlitschka, Carsten Holzmann, Sarah Witt, Juliane Spiewok, Anne-Marie Neumann, Oliver Schmitt, Andreas Wree, Veronica Antipova
Unilateral intrastriatal BoNT-A injection abolished apomorphine-induced rotational behavior in a rat model of hemiparkinsonism (hemi-PD) up to 6 months. It was hypothesized that the beneficial effect of botulinum neurotoxin-A (BoNT-A) grounded on the reduction of the Parkinson's diseases (PD) associated striatal hypercholinism. Intrastriatal injection of BoNT-A was not cytotoxic in rat brain, but neuronal fiber swellings in the BoNT-A infiltrated striata appeared and named BoNT-A-induced varicosities (BiVs)...
September 14, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918935/dense-intra-adipose-sympathetic-arborizations-are-essential-for-cold-induced-beiging-of-mouse-white-adipose-tissue
#15
Haochen Jiang, Xiaofan Ding, Ying Cao, Huanhuan Wang, Wenwen Zeng
Efferent signals from the central nervous system represent a key layer of regulation of white adipose tissue (WAT). However, the mechanism by which efferent neural signals control WAT metabolism remains to be better understood. Here, we exploit the volume fluorescence-imaging technique to visualize the neural arborizations in mouse inguinal WAT at single-fiber resolution. The imaging reveals a dense network of sympathetic arborizations that had been previously undetected by conventional methods, with sympathetic fibers being in close apposition to > 90% of adipocytes...
September 5, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917775/fabrication-of-bi-monomer-copolymer-of-pyrrole-indole-for-highly-efficient-solid-phase-microextraction-of-benzene-derivatives
#16
Jie Zhang, Baizhao Zeng, Faqiong Zhao
A procedure for direct electrochemical deposition of poly(pyrrole-indole) on gold nanoparticles coated stainless steel wire was established, and the formation of copolymer was confirmed by infrared spectroscopy. The synthesized coating showed unique microstructure, excellent extraction efficiency (2-10 times of corresponding single-component coating), high thermal stability (up to 280°C) and good durability (could be used for more than 200 times). As a novel and promising extraction coating, it was used for the headspace solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography detection of some benzene derivatives, including chlorobenzene, bromobenzene, p-bromotoluene, m-nitrotoluene and p-nitrotoluene...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916811/an-enu-induced-splice-site-mutation-of-mouse-col1a1-causing-recessive-osteogenesis-imperfecta-and-revealing-a-novel-splicing-rescue
#17
Koichi Tabeta, Xin Du, Kei Arimatsu, Mai Yokoji, Naoki Takahashi, Norio Amizuka, Tomoka Hasegawa, Karine Crozat, Tomoki Maekawa, Sayuri Miyauchi, Yumi Matsuda, Takako Ida, Masaru Kaku, Kasper Hoebe, Kinji Ohno, Hiromasa Yoshie, Kazuhisa Yamazaki, Eva Marie Y Moresco, Bruce Beutler
GU-AG consensus sequences are used for intron recognition in the majority of cases of pre-mRNA splicing in eukaryotes. Mutations at splice junctions often cause exon skipping, short deletions, or insertions in the mature mRNA, underlying one common molecular mechanism of genetic diseases. Using N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea, a novel recessive mutation named seal was produced, associated with fragile bones and susceptibility to fractures (spine and limbs). A single nucleotide transversion (T → A) at the second position of intron 36 of the Col1a1 gene, encoding the type I collagen, α1 chain, was responsible for the phenotype...
September 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916179/a-comparison-of-inhomogeneous-magnetization-transfer-myelin-volume-fraction-and-diffusion-tensor-imaging-measures-in-healthy-children
#18
REVIEW
Bryce L Geeraert, R Marc Lebel, Alyssa C Mah, Sean C Deoni, David C Alsop, Gopal Varma, Catherine Lebel
Sensitive and specific biomarkers of myelin can help define baseline brain health and development, identify and monitor disease pathology, and evaluate response to treatment where myelin content is affected. Diffusion measures such as radial diffusivity (RD) are commonly used to assess myelin content, but are not specific to myelin. Inhomogeneous magnetization transfer (ihMT) and multicomponent driven equilibrium single-pulse observation of T1 and T2 (mcDESPOT) offer quantitative parameters (qihMT and myelin volume fraction/VFm, respectively) which are suggested to have improved sensitivity to myelin...
September 12, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916038/a-tri-metal-centered-metal-organic-framework-for-solid-phase-microextraction-of-environmental-contaminants-with-enhanced-extraction-efficiency
#19
Shuqin Liu, Lijun Xie, Qingkun Hu, Huangsheng Yang, Guanrui Pan, Fang Zhu, Shenghong Yang, Gangfeng Ouyang
This study presents the preparation and the characterizations of six tri-metal centered metal-organic frameworks (tM-MOFs) as solid-phase microextraction (SPME) adsorbents. Possessing different proportions of Al, Ga and In atoms in their frameworks, the tM-MOF-based SPME coatings exhibited different extraction performance towards the organic pollutants. Extraction results showed that the M4 (Al0.593Ga0.167In0.240(O2C2H4)(h2fipbb)) coating exhibited the best enrichment ability among six tM-MOFs. In addition, it showed better extraction efficiency towards the analytes than three single-metal centered MOFs coatings and a commercial polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) coating...
September 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914939/multicore-fiber-bragg-grating-based-directional-curvature-sensor-interrogated-by-a-broadband-source-with-a-sinusoidal-spectrum
#20
Di Zheng, Javier Madrigal, Hailan Chen, David Barrera, Salvador Sales
A simple, spectral-drift-insensitive interrogation scheme for a multicore fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-based directional curvature sensor is proposed. The basic principle is to transform the wavelength shift of FBGs into the reflected power variation, which is accomplished by utilizing a broadband source with a sinusoidal spectrum. The closed-form expression of the relationship between the reflected power of the FBG and the corresponding peak wavelength is derived for the first time, to the best of our knowledge; therefore, the peak wavelength of the FBG can be precisely interrogated by using a single photodiode...
September 15, 2017: Optics Letters
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