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Vegf trap

G Rossi, M Salerno, D Granchi, E Cenni, G Facchini, N Baldini
Arterial embolization, aimed at the mechanical occlusion of tumor-feeding vessels, represents a satisfactory palliative therapy for bone metastases. In this study, we evaluated if the circulating levels of three factors related to the metastatic process change in response to embolization. Seven patients who underwent embolization of a single skeletal metastasis from carcinomas were analyzed prospectively. Circulating levels of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A (VEGF-A), Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 (FGF-2), and Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase-5b Isoform (TRACP5b) were evaluated before and after embolization at 1, 3, and 6 months...
2018: Neoplasma
Hiroaki Aoyagi, Keisuke Yamashiro, Chiaki Hirata-Yoshihara, Hidetaka Ideguchi, Mutsuyo Yamasaki, Mari Kawamura, Tadashi Yamamoto, Shinsuke Kochi, Hidenori Wake, Masahiro Nishibori, Shogo Takashiba
High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a non-histone DNA-binding protein that is secreted into the extracellular milieu in response to inflammatory stimuli. The secreted HMGB1 has been suggested to mediate various inflammatory diseases. However, it is still unknown whether HMGB1 is involved in a healing process in the tooth extraction socket, the tissue containing gingival epithelium, and alveolar bone that is exposed to oral bacteria. In this study, we constructed a murine tooth extraction model with anti-HMGB1 neutralization antibody administration and observed the inflammatory response and bone healing process in tooth extraction sockets by molecular imaging of myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, histological analysis, and quantitative RT-PCR...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
André Luis da Silva Fabris, Leonardo Perez Faverani, Pedro Henrique Silva Gomes-Ferreira, Tárik Ocon Braga Polo, Joel Ferreira Santiago-Júnior, Roberta Okamoto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the osteoconductive potential of BoneCeramic™ on bone healing in rat calvaria 5-mm defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 5-mm calvaria bone defect was induced in three groups and the defect was not filled with biomaterial [Clot Group (CG)], autogenous bone (AG), or Bone Ceramic Group (BCG). Animals were euthanized after 14 or 28 days and the bone tissue within the central area of the bone defect was evaluated. Results were compared using ANOVA and Tukey test (p<0...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Eliane H Dutra, Mara H O'Brien, Candice Logan, Aditya Tadinada, Ravindra Nanda, Sumit Yadav
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the effects of botulinum neurotoxin (botox) injection into the masseter in the mandibular condylar cartilage (MCC) and subchondral bone could be rescued by compressive loading of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Twenty-four 6-week-old female mice (C57BL/6J) were used. Mice were divided in three groups: (1) Botox (n = 8); (2) Botox plus loading (n = 8); (3) Pure control (n = 8). Bone labels (3 and 1 day before sacrifice) and the proliferation marker EdU (2 and 1 day before sacrifice) were intraperitoneally injected into all groups of mice...
January 11, 2018: Calcified Tissue International
Xian Wei, Ting Zhang, Yuqin Yao, Shaoxue Zeng, Min Li, Haotian Xiang, Chengjian Zhao, Guiqun Cao, Minhui Li, Ran Wan, Ping Yang, Jinliang Yang
Neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of vision loss worldwide. Although intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF antibodies and VEGF Trap have significant clinical benefits, the complications of intravitreal injection, drug resistance and patient compliance still need to be concerned. In this study, the effects of an orally administered multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor (Lenvatinib, E7080) were evaluated in vitro and in vivo on neovascular AMD mouse model. The results showed that E7080 effectively inhibited the proliferation, migration and tubule formation of human choroidal microvascular endothelial cells (HCMECs), and suppressed the angiogenesis of zebrafish subintestinal vessels without causing malformation...
December 25, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
S Sedrakyan, V Villani, S Da Sacco, N Tripuraneni, S Porta, A Achena, M Lavarreda-Pearce, A Petrosyan, H Soloyan, R E De Filippo, B Bussolati, L Perin
Injection of amniotic fluid stem cells (AFSC) delays the course of progression of renal fibrosis in animals with Alport Syndrome, enhancing kidney function and improving survival. The mechanisms responsible for these protective outcomes are still largely unknown. Here, we showed that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling within the glomeruli of Alport mice is strongly elevated early on in the disease, causing glomerular endothelial cell damage. Intraventricular injected AFSC that homed within the glomeruli showed strong modulation of the VEGF activity, particularly in glomerular endothelial cells...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
A Verrastro Neto, R Andrade, M G Corrêa, R C V Casarin, M Z Casati, S P Pimentel, F V Ribeiro, F R Cirano
The aim of this split-mouth, randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the influence of different insertion torque values for dental implants on bone- and angiogenesis-related marker profiles. Eighteen edentulous patients received dental implants and fixed complete-arch mandibular prostheses. The implants (n=36) were assigned randomly to two groups: reduced torque (n=18), with insertion torque <30Ncm; and conventional torque (n=18), with insertion torque ≥30Ncm. Levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), placental growth factor, bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP-9), periostin, osteoprotegerin (OPG), and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) in the peri-implant fluid were quantified at 7, 14, 30, and 120days after implant placement...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Ajiravudh Subarnbhesaj, Mutsumi Miyauchi, Chea Chanbora, Aki Mikuriya, Phuong Thao Nguyen, Hisako Furusho, Nurina Febriyanti Ayuningtyas, Minoru Fujita, Shigeaki Toratani, Masaaki Takechi, Shumpei Niida, Takashi Takata
BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a highly specific signaling protein for vascular endothelial cells that plays a critical role in tumor growth and invasion through angiogenesis, and may contribute to cell migration and activation of pre-osteoclasts, osteoclasts and some tumor cells. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to clarify the detailed roles of VEGF-Flt-1 signaling in bone invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells. RESULTS: Forty-two (42) of 54 cases with gingival SCC (77...
2017: PloS One
Salli Antila, Sinem Karaman, Harri Nurmi, Mikko Airavaara, Merja H Voutilainen, Thomas Mathivet, Dmitri Chilov, Zhilin Li, Tapani Koppinen, Jun-Hee Park, Shentong Fang, Aleksanteri Aspelund, Mart Saarma, Anne Eichmann, Jean-Léon Thomas, Kari Alitalo
The recent discovery of meningeal lymphatic vessels (LVs) has raised interest in their possible involvement in neuropathological processes, yet little is known about their development or maintenance. We show here that meningeal LVs develop postnatally, appearing first around the foramina in the basal parts of the skull and spinal canal, sprouting along the blood vessels and cranial and spinal nerves to various parts of the meninges surrounding the central nervous system (CNS). VEGF-C, expressed mainly in vascular smooth muscle cells, and VEGFR3 in lymphatic endothelial cells were essential for their development, whereas VEGF-D deletion had no effect...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Jie Liu, Nikos Mattheos, Cheng Su, Chuanxi Deng, Nanyu Luo, Zekun Wang, Hua Tang
OBJECTIVE: This study was intended to investigate the effects of icariin on the healing of tooth extraction sites under the systemic administration of zoledronic and dexamethasone. METHOD: Thirty female rats underwent bilateral ovariectomy and were randomly assigned to 5 groups: SS group received a weekly injection of saline, while ZD, ZD + LICA, ZD + MICA, and ZD + HICA groups received zoledronic with dexamethasone for 8 weeks. One week later, mandibular first molars were extracted in all groups...
February 2018: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
Sumit Randhir Singh, Avantika Dogra, Michael Stewart, Taraprasad Das, Jay Chhablani
During the past decade, drugs that inhibit the actions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) have become standard-of-care treatment for a variety of chorioretinal vascular conditions. The off-label, intravitreal use of ziv-aflibercept (Zaltrap) has provided clinicians with an additional cost-effective drug. The commercial preparation of ziv-aflibercept contains the same aflibercept (VEGF-trap) molecule as Eylea but has a much higher osmolarity (1000 mOsm/kg vs 300 mOsm/kg). Initial concerns regarding cytotoxicity and long-term safety of intravitreal ziv-aflibercept have been largely negated after a series of publications failed to identify adverse ocular and systemic side effects...
November 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
Tine Van Bergen, Tjing-Tjing Hu, Isabelle Etienne, Geert E Reyns, Lieve Moons, Jean H M Feyen
The current standard of care in clinical practice for diabetic retinopathy (DR), anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy, has shown a significant improvement in visual acuity. However, treatment response can be variable and might be associated with potential side effects. This study was designed to investigate inhibition of placental growth factor (PlGF) as a possible alternative therapy for DR. The effect of the anti-PlGF antibody (PL5D11D4) was preclinically evaluated in various animal models by investigating different DR hallmarks, including inflammation, neurodegeneration, vascular leakage and fibrosis...
December 2017: Experimental Eye Research
Huai-Hsuan Chiu, I-Lin Tsai, Yen-Shen Lu, Ching-Hung Lin, Ching-Hua Kuo
Biopharmaceutical products such as protein drugs and monoclonal antibodies (mAb) are currently of great interest with monoclonal antibody drugs being one of the fastest growing categories of biopharmaceutical products. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) has gained high interest for measuring mAb drugs in biological samples in recent years due to its high selectivity. Bevacizumab is a humanized immunoglobulin G (IgG) mAb drug against human vascular endothelial cell growth factor A (VEGF-A)...
September 29, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Nara L T Nunes, Michel R Messora, Luiz Fernando Oliveira, Mario Lisboa, Marina Costa Barcellos Garcia, Rodrigo O C C Rêgo, Arthur Belém Novaes, Sérgio Luís Scombatti de Souza, Edilson Ervolino, Flávia A C Furlaneto
BACKGROUND: Tiludronic acid (TIL) presents antiresorptive and anti-inflammatory properties and it has not been evaluated in the association periodontitis-diabetes mellitus (DM) to date. This study evaluated the effects of local administration of TIL on experimental periodontitis (EP) in rats with streptozotocin-induced DM. METHODS: Thirty-two animals (Rattus norvegicus, albinus, Wistar) were divided into groups DM/C (Control), DM/EP, DM/EP/TIL1 and DM/EP/TIL3. In groups EP, a ligature was placed around mandibular molars (MM)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Kwangsic Joo, Sang Jun Park, Yewon Choi, Jung Eun Lee, Young Mi Na, Hye Kyoung Hong, Kyu Hyung Park, Ho Min Kim, Jae-Yong Chung, Se Joon Woo
Purpose: To identify the role of the fragment crystallizable (Fc) region in determining intraocular protein drug pharmacokinetics. Methods: We generated a new VEGF-Trap lacking the Fc region (FcfVEGF-Trap, MWt = 100 kDa) by replacing the Fc region of native VEGF-Trap (MWt = 145 kDa) with a dimerized coiled-coil domain. Forty-two rabbits were injected intravitreally with VEGF-Trap or FcfVEGF-Trap (n = 21 each) in one of the eyes, harvested at six time points (1 hour and 1, 2, 4, 14, and 30 days after injections)...
August 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Rodrigo Dos Santos Pereira, Fernanda Brasil Boos, Luis Fernado Gorla, Idelmo Rangel Garcia, Roberta Okamoto, Eduardo Hochuli-Vieira
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a composite graft of ChronOS, a beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP), mixed 1:1 with an autogenous bone graft in human maxillary sinus augmentation. A total of 12 maxillary sinuses were grafted with an autogenous bone graft (control group), and 9 maxillary sinuses were grafted with ChronOS mixed 1:1 with an autogenous bone graft (test group). After 6 months, biopsy samples were obtained concurrent to the placement of dental implants and were subjected to histomorphometric and immunohistochemical analyses for Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, and osteocalcin...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Matteo Santoni, Federico Guerra, Alessandro Conti, Alessandra Lucarelli, Silvia Rinaldi, Laura Belvederesi, Alessandro Capucci, Rossana Berardi
BACKGROUND: Cardiotoxicityis a serious side effect of molecularly targeted agents. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and Relative Risk (RR) of developing all-grade and high-grade cardiotoxicity in patients with solid tumors receiving targeted agents through a revised meta-analysis of available clinical trials. METHODS: The scientific literature regarding cardiotoxicity was extensively analyzed using MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL)...
September 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Lixia Mao, Lunguo Xia, Jiang Chang, Jiaqiang Liu, Lingyong Jiang, Chengtie Wu, Bing Fang
Bioactive ions released from bioceramics play important roles in bone regeneration; however, it is unclear how each ionic composition in complex bioceramics exerts its specific effect on bone regeneration. The aim of this study is to elucidate the functional effects of Sr and Si ions in bioceramics on the regeneration of osteoporotic bone. A model bioceramic with Sr- and Si-containing components (SMS) was successfully fabricated and the effects of ionic products from SMS bioceramics on the osteogenic, osteoclastic and angiogenic differentiation of rBMSCs-OVX and RANKL-induced osteoclasts were investigated...
August 12, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
Basel Sitohy, Sunghee Chang, Tracey E Sciuto, Elizabeth Masse, Mei Shen, Peter M Kang, Shou-Ching Jaminet, Laura E Benjamin, Rupal S Bhatt, Ann M Dvorak, Janice A Nagy, Harold F Dvorak
Tumors induce their heterogeneous vasculature by secreting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A. Anti-VEGF/VEGF receptor (VEGFR) drugs treat cancer, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. An adenovirus expressing VEGF-A (Ad-VEGF-A(164)) replicates the tumor vasculature in mice without tumor cells. Mother vessels (MV) are the first angiogenic vessel type to form in tumors and after Ad-VEGF-A(164). Multiday treatments with a VEGF trap reverted MV back to normal microvessels. We now show that, within hours, a single dose of several anti-VEGF drugs collapsed MV to form glomeruloid microvascular proliferations (GMP), accompanied by only modest endothelial cell death...
October 2017: American Journal of Pathology
Khalid A Mohamedali, Michael G Rosenblum
Angiogenesis is a critical process in numerous diseases, and intervention in neovascularization has therapeutic value in several disease settings, including ocular diseases, arthritis, and in tumor progression and metastatic spread. Various vascular targeting agents have been developed, including those that inhibit growth factor receptor tyrosine kinases, blocking antibodies that interfere with receptor signal transduction, and strategies that trap growth factor ligands. Limited anti-tumor efficacy studies have suggested that the targeted delivery of the human pro-apoptotic molecule Granzyme B to tumor cells has significant potential for cancer treatment...
July 17, 2017: Biomedicines
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