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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909857/privacy-autonomy-and-public-policy-french-and-north-american-perspectives
#1
Jennifer Merchant
This article raises the question of whether in both the United States and in France, an individual's autonomy and private decision-making right(s) in matters of health care and access to reproductive technologies can be conciliated with the general interest, and more specifically, the role of the State. Can a full-fledged right to privacy, the ability to exercise one's autonomy, exist alongside the general interest, and depend neither on financial resources like in the United States nor on centralised government decisions or the medical hierarchy like in France? The contrast between these two modern democracies justify the importance of comparing them...
December 2, 2016: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905103/subjective-well-being-in-the-new-china-religion-social-capital-and-social-status
#2
Yunsong Chen, Mark Williams
We present the first nationally representative evidence on the relationship between religion and subjective well-being for the case of China. Research on Western societies tends to find a positive association between being religious and level of well-being. China provides an interesting critical case as the religious population is growing rapidly and the religious and socioeconomic environments are profoundly different from Western societies, implying different mechanisms might be at work. We hypothesize to find a positive association between religion and well-being in China too, but argue social capital, for which strong evidence is often found in Western societies, is unlikely to be an important mechanism because religion in China is generally non-congregational...
December 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892699/genetics-of-consanguinity-and-inbreeding-in-health-and-disease
#3
Mohd Fareed, Mohammad Afzal
CONTEXT: Inbreeding increases the level of homozygotes for autosomal recessive disorders and is the major objective in clinical studies. The prevalence of consanguinity and the degree of inbreeding vary from one population to another depending on ethnicity, religion, culture and geography. Global epidemiological studies have revealed that consanguineous unions have been significantly associated with increased susceptibility to various forms of inherited diseases Objective: The study aimed to determine the role of consanguinity in human health and to highlight the associated risks for various diseases or disorders...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880088/lectio-divina-a-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-chaplaincy-program
#4
Marek S Kopacz, Mary S Adams, Robert F Searle
This participant outcome evaluation serves as a preliminary investigation into the effects of lectio divina, a chaplaincy service representing a form of focused Scripture reading. A sample of n = 19 patients who participated in this service at a Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center in upstate New York was screened at baseline and 30-days follow-up using the Duke University Religion Index, Berg Spiritual Injury Scale, and a screening question for thoughts of harming self or others. These measures were used to assess the intended outcomes of enhanced religiosity, ameliorated spiritual injury, and decreased thoughts of violence...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876690/-mommy-blogs-and-the-vaccination-exemption-narrative-results-from-a-machine-learning-approach-for-story-aggregation-on-parenting-social-media-sites
#5
Timothy R Tangherlini, Vwani Roychowdhury, Beth Glenn, Catherine M Crespi, Roja Bandari, Akshay Wadia, Misagh Falahi, Ehsan Ebrahimzadeh, Roshan Bastani
BACKGROUND: Social media offer an unprecedented opportunity to explore how people talk about health care at a very large scale. Numerous studies have shown the importance of websites with user forums for people seeking information related to health. Parents turn to some of these sites, colloquially referred to as "mommy blogs," to share concerns about children's health care, including vaccination. Although substantial work has considered the role of social media, particularly Twitter, in discussions of vaccination and other health care-related issues, there has been little work on describing the underlying structure of these discussions and the role of persuasive storytelling, particularly on sites with no limits on post length...
November 22, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867830/niche-construction-social-cognition-and-language-hypothesizing-the-human-as-the-production-of-place
#6
Oliver Davies
New data is emerging from evolutionary anthropology and the neuroscience of social cognition on our species-specific hyper-cooperation (HC). This paper attempts an integration of third-person archaeological and second-person, neuroscientific perspectives on the structure of HC, through a post-Ricoeurian development in hermeneutical phenomenology. We argue for the relatively late evolution of advanced linguistic consciousness (ALC) (Hiscock in Biological Theory 9:27-41, 2014), as a reflexive system based on the 'in-between' or 'cognitive system' as reported by Vogeley et al...
2016: Culture and Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833570/phenotypic-dimensions-of-spirituality-implications-for-mental-health-in-china-india-and-the-united-states
#7
Clayton H McClintock, Elsa Lau, Lisa Miller
While the field of empirical study on religion and spirituality in relation to mental health has rapidly expanded over the past decade, little is known about underlying dimensions of spirituality cross-culturally conceived. We aimed to bridge this gap by inductively deriving potential universal dimensions of spirituality through a large-scale, multi-national data collection, and examining the relationships of these dimensions with common psychiatric conditions. Five-thousand five-hundred and twelve participants from China, India, and the United States completed a two-hour online survey consisting of wide-ranging measures of the lived experience of spirituality, as well as clinical assessments...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812844/-for-they-knew-not-what-it-was-rethinking-the-tacit-narrative-history-of-religion-and-health-research
#8
Jeff Levin
Over the past couple of decades, research on religion and health has grown into a thriving field. Misperceptions about the history and scope of this field, however, continue to exist, especially among new investigators and commentators on this research. Contrary to the tacit narrative, published research and writing date to the nineteenth century, programmatic research to the 1950s, and NIH funding to 1990; elite medical journals have embraced this topic for over 100 years; study populations are religiously and sociodemographically diverse; and published findings are mostly positive, consistent with psychosocial theories of health and confirmed by comprehensive reviews and expert panels...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764647/capturing-religious-identity-during-hospital-admission-a-valid-practice-in-our-increasingly-secular-society
#9
David Glenister, Martin Prewer
Objective Most major Victorian hospitals include religious identity in routine admission demographic questions. However, approximately 20% of admissions do not have their religious identity recorded. At the Royal Melbourne Hospital this missing 20% was surveyed throughout 2014-15 for two reasons: (1) to enable patient care; and (2) to provide an insight into the significance of religious identity for patients. There is scarce literature on this subject, so the present mixed-methods study, including a qualitative component, will start to bridge the gap...
October 21, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760206/measuring-cross-cultural-supernatural-beliefs-with-self-and-peer-reports
#10
Matthias Bluemke, Jonathan Jong, Dennis Grevenstein, Igor Mikloušić, Jamin Halberstadt
Despite claims about the universality of religious belief, whether religiosity scales have the same meaning when administered inter-subjectively-or translated and applied cross-culturally-is currently unknown. Using the recent "Supernatural Belief Scale" (SBS), we present a primer on how to verify the strong assumptions of measurement invariance required in research on religion. A comparison of two independent samples, Croatians and New Zealanders, showed that, despite a sophisticated psychometric model, measurement invariance could be demonstrated for the SBS except for two noninvariant intercepts...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681906/staphylococcus-aureus-in-animals-and-food-methicillin-resistance-prevalence-and-population-structure-a-review-in-the-african-continent
#11
REVIEW
Carmen Lozano, Haythem Gharsa, Karim Ben Slama, Myriam Zarazaga, Carmen Torres
The interest about Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in livestock, and domestic and wild animals has significantly increased. The spread of different clonal complexes related to livestock animals, mainly CC398, and the recent description of the new mecC gene, make it necessary to know more about the epidemiology and population structure of this microorganism all over the world. Nowadays, there are several descriptions about the presence of S. aureus and/or MRSA in different animal species (dogs, sheep, donkeys, bats, pigs, and monkeys), and in food of animal origin in African countries...
February 4, 2016: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628683/-this-method-i-think-can-shed-new-light-haitian-american-women-s-reflections-on-risk-culture-and-family-planning-decisions-from-a-short-term-trial-of-a-cervical-barrier-femcap%C3%A2
#12
Erica L Gollub, Jessy Dévieux, Jean-Gilles Michele, Suzette Pierre Ste-Rose, Sandra Neptune, Valerie Pelletier
Improving the reproductive health of immigrant populations requires understanding the specific context of risk and need. As part of a field trial of the FemCap™, a woman-initiated cervical barrier contraceptive, we conducted postintervention focus group discussions (FGDs) with 20 women (five FGDs) of Haitian background, the majority of whom were born in Haiti and spoke Haitian Créole at home, at a community health center in south Florida. Participants discussed the role of religion and inequitable gender norms in Haitian traditions about family planning decisions and provided important insights into the gender-power nuances of their partnership dynamics vis à vis the use of female barrier methods...
September 14, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619550/ethnic-racial-religious-and-demographic-predictors-of-organ-donor-registration-status-among-young-adults-in-the-southwestern-united-states
#13
Tamar Ginossar, Julian Benavidez, Zachary D Gillooly, Aarti Kanwal Attreya, Hieu Nguyen, Joshua Bentley
CONTEXT AND SETTING: New Mexico (NM) is a minority-majority state. Despite its unique cultural characteristics and documented ethnic/racial disparities in deceased organ donation (DOD), past studies did not explore predictors of organ donor registration status (ODRS) in this state. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at identifying demographic, cultural, and religious predictors of ODRS among a diverse sample of young adults in NM. DESIGN: This study focused on recruitment of American Indian, Hispanic, and Asian American participants through online social network sites and university listservs...
September 12, 2016: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598212/why-do-we-find-it-so-hard-to-discuss-spirituality-a-qualitative-exploration-of-attitudinal-barriers
#14
Megan Best, Phyllis Butow, Ian Olver
BACKGROUND: Despite known health benefits of spiritual care and high patient interest in discussing spirituality with their physicians, the frequency of spiritual discussions in the medical consultation is low. We investigated spiritual conversations for doctors caring for patients with advanced cancer; why these conversations so difficult; and what the underlying challenges are for discussing spirituality with patients; METHODS: Participants were contacted through the Australian and New Zealand Society of Palliative Medicine and the Medical Oncology Group of Australia, including physicians from two secular countries...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579841/understanding-spirituality-from-the-perspective-of-patients-with-mental-disorders-contributions-to-nursing-care
#15
Anna Maria de Oliveira Salimena, Roberta Rocha Belligoli Ferrugini, Maria Carmen Simões Cardoso de Melo, Thais Vasconselos Amorim
OBJECTIVE: To understand the meanings of spirituality from the perspective of patients with mental disorders. METHOD: Qualitative phenomenological research conducted with nine users of a centre for psychosocial care in a city in the interior of Minas Gerais, Brazil, in February 2014. RESULTS: Two units of meaning emerged from the comprehensive analysis: Spirituality is a therapeutic support for mental health; The temple is the religious manifestation of spirituality...
September 2016: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549328/attitudes-towards-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-among-african-parents-in-a-city-in-the-north-of-england-a-qualitative-study
#16
Edith T Mupandawana, Ruth Cross
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is sexually transmitted and has been conclusively linked to cervical cancer and genital warts. Cervical cancer is attributed to approximately 1100 deaths annually in UK, and is the second most common female cancer globally. It has been suggested that black African women are more predisposed to HPV infection and cervical cancer. A vaccine has been developed to reduce HPV infection, and in the UK, has been offered to 12-13 year old adolescent girls through schools as part of their childhood immunization programme since 2008...
2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543855/perceived-uncivil-behaviour-in-indonesian-nursing-education
#17
Ni Gusti Ayu Eka, Derek Chambers, Aru Narayanasamy
Uncivil behaviour is a phenomenon that has attracted a growing number of investigations, particularly in Western based nurse education. Unlike the West, uncivil behaviour is a relatively new field of study to Indonesia. However, with the incidence of incivility becoming a growing problem within Indonesian nurse education it is one that warrants investigation. This study investigated; the construct of uncivil behaviour and how it is perceived by students and faculty within the Indonesia context. The impact that socio economic status may play in its manifestation is also explored...
September 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529263/barriers-to-hospital-deliveries-among-ethnic-minority-women-with-religious-beliefs-in-china-a-descriptive-study-using-interviews-and-survey-data
#18
Peige Song, Chuyun Kang, Evropi Theodoratou, Neneh Rowa-Dewar, Xuebei Liu, Lin An
BACKGROUND: China has made great progress in improving hospital delivery-the coverage of hospital delivery has increased to above 95% in most regions- some regions lag behind owing to geographic and economic inequality, particularly the poor ethnic minority areas of the Sichuan Province. This study explores factors which may influence hospital delivery from multiple perspectives, with implications for practice and policy. METHODS: A framework analysis approach was used to identify and categorize the main barriers and levers to hospital delivery...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501961/beyond-the-drama-the-beautiful-life-in-news-feeds-on-cancer
#19
Luisa Picanço, Priscila Biancovilli, Claudia Jurberg
Facebook is one of the main communication tools in the world nowadays. In Brazil, it is used for almost half of the population. Knowing what is conveyed about cancer by this social network can be an important step for the development of efficient health communication strategies. We evaluate Facebook user's comments on pages about cancer; verify if there is a pattern of public awareness on the disease and compare it with results from other studies. Three pages about cancer on Facebook were selected among those with more followers in Brazil...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439738/mindfulness-a-positive-spirituality-for-ageing
#20
Bruce Allen Stevens
Research indicates that the religious faith of people in aged care contributes to their well-being. A more general spirituality, involving no established religion, is also likely to be of benefit, but will require new forms of expression that appeal to the next generation, many of whom reject established religions. The practice of mindfulness also has research support as a contributor to well-being and may be a suitable and easily accepted form of spirituality for non-religious people.
September 2016: Australasian Journal on Ageing
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