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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642885/neuroanatomical-correlates-of-familial-risk-for-depression-and-religiosity-spirituality
#1
Connie Svob, Jie Liu, Priya Wickramaratne, Xuejun Hao, Ardesheer Talati, Jürgen Kayser, Craig Tenke, Virginia Warner, Jie Yang, Micheline Anderson, Myrna M Weissman
OBJECTIVE: To examine potential neural substrates that underlie the interplay between religiosity/spirituality and risk-for-depression. A new wave of data from a longitudinal, three generation study of individuals at high risk for depression is presented. In addition to providing new longitudinal data, we extend previous findings by employing additional (surface-based) methods for examining cortical volume. MEASURES PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were collected on 106 second and third generation family members at high or low risk for major depression defined by the presence or absence of depression in the first generation...
March 2017: Spirituality in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619033/social-representations-of-malaria-in-the-guna-indigenous-population-of-comarca-guna-de-madungandi-panama
#2
Lorenzo Cáceres, José E Calzada, Amanda Gabster, Josue Young, Ricardo Márquez, Rolando Torres, Margarita Griffith
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to recognize the social representation of the Guna indigenous population by identifying cultural elements related to malaria, in order to create an intercultural approach to any health intervention to control and prevent the disease. METHODS: This qualitative study has an anthropological focus that used participant observation, informal conversations, focus groups, interviews, in-depth interviews with key actors. Analyses included review, classification and categorization of interviews...
June 15, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618248/effect-of-attitudes-towards-patients-on-sexual-history-taking-a-survey-of-iranian-american-physicians-in-california-usa
#3
Mitra Rashidian, Victor Minichiello, Synnove F Knutsen, Mark Ghamsary
Background: Although obtaining sexual history from patients is essential, the attitudes of physicians can become a barrier to sexual health care. Iranian-American physicians may face particular challenges because talking about sexuality is considered a taboo within their culture. Our study examined these physicians' attitudes when taking a sexual history from their patients. Methods: In 2013, a self-administrated questionnaire was sent to 1550 Iranian-American physicians in California, USA. Using factor analysis, the principal components approach with a Varimax rotation was used on a set of 12-item questions (five-point Likert scales) to detect latent factors that explain attitudes affecting sexual history taking...
June 16, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609264/supporting-muslim-patients-during-advanced-illness
#4
REVIEW
Nathan A Boucher, Ejaz A Siddiqui, Harold G Koenig
Religion is an important part of many patients' cultural perspectives and value systems that influence them during advanced illness and toward the end of life when they directly face mortality. Worldwide violence perpetrated by people identifying as Muslim has been a growing fear for people living in the US and elsewhere. This fear has further increased by the tense rhetoric heard from the recent US presidential campaign and the new presidential administration. For many, this includes fear of all Muslims, the second-largest religious group in the world with 1...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595441/healing-spirituality-and-integrative-medicine
#5
David M Steinhorn, Jana Din, Angela Johnson
Spirituality plays a prominent role in the lives of most palliative patients whether or not they formally adhere to a specific religion and belief. As a result, the palliative care team is frequently called upon to support families who are experiencing their "dark night of the soul" and struggling to make sense of their lives during a healthcare crisis. While conventional religious practices provide a source of comfort and guidance for many of our patients, a significant number of our patients do not have a strong religious community to which to turn...
May 22, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587502/ethical-values-in-nurse-education-perceived-by-students-and-educators
#6
Mahsa Boozaripour, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Mohsen Shahriari, Fariba Borhani
BACKGROUND: Education is considered the first function and mission of the university, and observing educational ethics guarantees the health of the teaching-learning process in the university. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore ethical values in nursing education from the perspective of Iranian nursing students and educators. RESEARCH DESIGN: This qualitative study was conducted using the Thematic Content Analyses method. The data were collected from seven semi-structured individual interviews and three focus group discussions from July to November 2015...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569416/applying-cultural-safety-beyond-indigenous-contexts-insights-from-health-research-with-amish-and-low-german-mennonites
#7
Amélie Blanchet Garneau, Helen Farrar, HaiYan Fan, Judith Kulig
People who identify as members of religious communities, such as the Amish and Low German Mennonites, face challenges obtaining quality health care and engagement in research due in part to stereotypes that are conveyed through media and popular discourses. There is also a growing concern that even when these groups are engaged in research, the guiding frameworks of the research fail to consider the sociocultural or historical relations of power, further skewing power imbalances inherent in the research relationship...
June 1, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553758/hpv-vaccine-acceptance-among-african-american-mothers-and-their-daughters-an-inquiry-grounded-in-culture
#8
Kayoll V Galbraith-Gyan, Julia Lechuga, Coretta M Jenerette, Mary H Palmer, Angelo D Moore, Jill B Hamilton
BACKGROUND: Much of the research on African-Americans' HPV vaccine acceptance has largely focused on racial/ethnic differences related to cognitive, socio-economical, and structural factors that contribute to differences in HPV vaccine acceptance and completion. A growing body of literature suggest that cultural factors, such as mistrust of healthcare providers (HCPs) and the healthcare system, religion, and social norms related to appropriate sexual behaviors, also plays a prominent role in their HPV vaccine acceptance...
May 29, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532490/prevalence-and-determinants-of-childhood-mortality-in-nigeria
#9
Sanni Yaya, Michael Ekholuenetale, Godson Tudeme, Shah Vaibhav, Ghose Bishwajit, Bernard Kadio
BACKGROUND: Childhood mortality has remained a major challenge to public health amongst families in Nigeria and other developing countries. The menace of incessant childhood mortality has been a major concern and this calls for studies to generate new scientific evidence to determine its prevalence and explore predisposing factors associated with it in Nigeria. METHOD: Data was obtained from Nigeria DHS, 2013. The study outcome variable was the total number of children lost by male partners and female partners respectively who were married...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503641/the-role-of-a-nurse-specialist-in-palliative-care-an-israeli-experience
#10
Suzanne Csorba
Given the severe shortage of physicians in Israel, the Ministry of Health issued a decree that offered advanced authority and responsibilities to experienced nurses; thus, the status of the nurse specialist (NS) was created. The role of NS in Israel is truly varied, incorporating many different facets that range from stabilizing to changing the existing palliative care (PC) orders, including those involving dosages and methods of care provision, issuing of repeat prescriptions, suspending drug treatment, and prescribing new drugs for a patient according to a protocol issued by a physician...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492456/calmer-life-a-hybrid-effectiveness-implementation-trial-for-late-life-anxiety-conducted-in-low-income-mental-health-underserved-communities
#11
Srijana Shrestha, Nancy Wilson, Mark E Kunik, Paula Wagener, Amber B Amspoker, Terri Barrera, Jessica Freshour, Cynthia Kraus-Schuman, Jane Bavineau, Maria Turner, Melinda A Stanley
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety is common among older adults and is associated with multiple negative outcomes. Late-life anxiety is usually unrecognized by providers and undertreated, although evidence supports the effectiveness of psychosocial treatment. Access to mental health care is especially poor among African American seniors. New treatment models are needed to expand the reach of mental health care to minority elders. METHODS: Our article outlines a study designed to test the effectiveness and implementation potential of Calmer Life (CL), a community-based, person-centered, flexible and culturally tailored intervention for late-life anxiety and worry, offered in low-income, mental health-underserved and predominantly African American communities...
May 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385112/influence-of-religion-on-later-burden-and-health-of-new-black-and-white-caregivers
#12
Carla R A Fider, Jerry W Lee, Peter C Gleason, Patricia Jones
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the relationship between positive aspects of religiosity and reduced stress in caregivers, and negative aspects of religiosity and increased caregiver burden. METHOD: Using data from the Biopsychosocial Religion and Health Study, we performed multiple linear regression analysis on 584 caregivers. RESULTS: Mental health, but not physical health, was predicted by caregiver burden. Caregivers who viewed God as loving and not controlling and felt a sense of community with their church family had less burden...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350843/high-hiv-prevalence-and-incidence-among-women-in-southern-mozambique-evidence-from-the-mdp-microbicide-feasibility-study
#13
Sibone Mocumbi, Mitzy Gafos, Khatia Munguambe, Ruth Goodall, Sheena McCormack
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to assess the feasibility of conducting large scale HIV prevention clinical trials in Mozambique by measuring HIV prevalence and incidence among women of reproductive age. This paper describes the baseline socio-demographic characteristics of the Mozambique Microbicides Development Programme (MDP) feasibility cohort, baseline prevalence of HIV and other STIs, and HIV incidence. METHODS: The Mozambique MDP feasibility study was conducted from September 2007 to August 2009 in urban Mavalane and rural Manhiça, in Southern Mozambique...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325245/south-east-asia-differing-socioeconomic-factors-differing-access-to-radiotherapy-the-philippines-a-microcosm
#14
REVIEW
Miriam Joy C Calaguas, Johannes A Gubat
The accessibility of radiotherapy in Southeast Asia, a region characterized by diversity in both economy and culture, differ widely among its member countries. In most countries, access is not universal and is generally limited by radiotherapy resources and the health-seeking behavior of patients. This in turn relates to the current health policy in place, the practice of radiation oncology, and cultural factors such as religion and family dynamics. Although it is clear that radiotherapy access parallel economic development, it is also affected by different social factors that work to facilitate or impede its improvement...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281154/using-surplus-embryos-and-research-embryos-in-stem-cell-research-ethical-viewpoints-of-buddhist-hindu-and-catholic-leaders-in-malaysia-on-the-permissibility-of-research
#15
Mathana Amaris Fiona Sivaraman
The sources of embryos for Embryonic Stem Cell Research (ESCR) include surplus embryos from infertility treatments, and research embryos which are created solely for an ESCR purpose. The latter raises more ethical concerns. In a multi-religious country like Malaysia, ethical discussions on the permissibility of ESCR with regard to the use surplus and research embryos are diversified. Malaysia has formulated guidelines influenced by the national fatwa ruling which allows the use of surplus embryos in ESCR. Input from other main religions is yet to be documented...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119066/association-of-posterior-eeg-alpha-with-prioritization-of-religion-or-spirituality-a-replication-and-extension-at-20-year-follow-up
#16
Craig E Tenke, Jürgen Kayser, Connie Svob, Lisa Miller, Jorge E Alvarenga, Karen Abraham, Virginia Warner, Priya Wickramaratne, Myrna M Weissman, Gerard E Bruder
A prior report (Tenke et al., 2013 Biol. Psychol. 94:426-432) found that participants who rated religion or spirituality (R/S) highly important had greater posterior alpha after 10 years compared to those who did not. Participants who subsequently lowered their rating also had prominent alpha, while those who increased their rating did not. Here we report EEG findings 20 years after initial assessment. Clinical evaluations and R/S ratings were obtained from 73 (52 new) participants in a longitudinal study of family risk for depression...
March 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116351/impending-extinction-crisis-of-the-world-s-primates-why-primates-matter
#17
REVIEW
Alejandro Estrada, Paul A Garber, Anthony B Rylands, Christian Roos, Eduardo Fernandez-Duque, Anthony Di Fiore, K Anne-Isola Nekaris, Vincent Nijman, Eckhard W Heymann, Joanna E Lambert, Francesco Rovero, Claudia Barelli, Joanna M Setchell, Thomas R Gillespie, Russell A Mittermeier, Luis Verde Arregoitia, Miguel de Guinea, Sidney Gouveia, Ricardo Dobrovolski, Sam Shanee, Noga Shanee, Sarah A Boyle, Agustin Fuentes, Katherine C MacKinnon, Katherine R Amato, Andreas L S Meyer, Serge Wich, Robert W Sussman, Ruliang Pan, Inza Kone, Baoguo Li
Nonhuman primates, our closest biological relatives, play important roles in the livelihoods, cultures, and religions of many societies and offer unique insights into human evolution, biology, behavior, and the threat of emerging diseases. They are an essential component of tropical biodiversity, contributing to forest regeneration and ecosystem health. Current information shows the existence of 504 species in 79 genera distributed in the Neotropics, mainland Africa, Madagascar, and Asia. Alarmingly, ~60% of primate species are now threatened with extinction and ~75% have declining populations...
January 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074706/christians-cut-popular-religion-and-the-global-health-campaign-for-medical-male-circumcision-in-swaziland
#18
Casey Golomski, Sonene Nyawo
Swaziland faces one of the worst HIV epidemics in the world and is a site for the current global health campaign in sub-Saharan Africa to medically circumcise the majority of the male population. Given that Swaziland is also majority Christian, how does the most popular religion influence acceptance, rejection or understandings of medical male circumcision? This article considers interpretive differences by Christians across the Kingdom's three ecumenical organisations, showing how a diverse group people singly glossed as 'Christian' in most public health acceptability studies critically rejected the procedure in unity, but not uniformly...
January 11, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006988/the-use-of-spirituality-and-religiosity-in-coping-with-colorectal-cancer
#19
Nazi Nejat, Lisa Whitehead, Marie Crowe
BACKGROUND: Spirituality and religiosity are reported as important in coping with cancer but rarely explored across cultures. OBJECTIVES: To explore and compare the use of spirituality and religiosity in coping with colorectal cancer in New Zealand and Iran. METHODS: A cross-sectional qualitative approach involving interviews conducted in New Zealand (n = 20) and Iran (n = 20). The data were analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: The majority of participants interviewed used religion as a resource in coping with cancer...
February 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966019/fear-of-clowns-in-hospitalized-children-prospective-experience
#20
Noam Meiri, Zeev Schnapp, Amichi Ankri, Itay Nahmias, Amnon Raviv, Omer Sagi, Mohamad Hamad Saied, Muriel Konopnicki, Giora Pillar
Medical clowns (MC) have become an integral part of the pediatric staff of hospital wards. While several studies have demonstrated the huge benefits of MC, there are almost no data regarding fear of clowns, a known phenomenon that means an irrational fear of clowns. In the current study, we sought to examine the prevalence of fear of clowns in pediatrics wards, and to characterize the affected children. The clinical work of three certified MCs was prospectively assessed. Every child with fear of clowns was noted, data were retrieved from the medical records, and the parents/child completed a specific questionnaire with a research assistant...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
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