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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022034/mindfulness-a-new-paradigm-of-psychosocial-care-in-the-palliative-care-setting-in-southeast-asia
#1
Seng Beng Tan, David Paul Capelle, Nor Zuraida Zainal, Ee Jane Lim, Ee Chin Loh, Chee Loong Lam
Alleviation of suffering in palliative care needs a combination of good symptom control and psychosocial care. The capacity of mindfulness to promote psychological flexibility opens up possibilities of creating a paradigm shift that can potentially change the landscape of psychosocial care. In this review, we attempt to introduce 4 methods to establish mindfulness based on 'The Discourse on the Foundations of Mindfulness', a core text of Theravada Buddhism, followed by a brief comparison of the concepts and practices of mindfulness in different cultures and religions in Southeast Asia...
September 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960699/the-midwife-woman-relationship-in-a-south-wales-community-experiences-of-midwives-and-migrant-pakistani-women-in-early-pregnancy
#2
Laura Goodwin, Billie Hunter, Aled Jones
BACKGROUND: In 2015, 27.5% of births in England and Wales were to mothers born outside of the UK. Compared to their White British peers, minority ethnic and migrant women are at a significantly higher risk of maternal and perinatal mortality, along with lower maternity care satisfaction. Existing literature highlights the importance of midwife-woman relationships in care satisfaction and pregnancy outcomes; however, little research has explored midwife-woman relationships for migrant and minority ethnic women in the UK...
September 29, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956732/attitudes-towards-homosexuality-in-china-exploring-the-effects-of-religion-modernizing-factors-and-traditional-culture
#3
Xie Ying, Peng Minggang
Using the zero-inflated model and nationally representative sample data from the Chinese General Social Surveys 2013, this study systematically explored the effects of religion, modernizing factors, and traditional culture on attitudes towards homosexuality in China. The findings indicate that most Chinese people generally hold conservative attitudes towards homosexuality, as approximately 78.53% of the respondents believed that "same-sex sexual behavior is always wrong". Modernizing factors (i.e., education, exposure to internet information and liberal inclinations) predicted greater tolerance for homosexuality, whereas Islamic beliefs negatively influenced respondents' attitudes towards homosexuality...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954366/-research-on-hallucinogenic-drugs-used-in-shaman-religious-activities
#4
X Y Fang, P F Fei, J P Zhu, B Yuan
The development of medicine experienced a long history, and the origin of medicine is not appeared overnight. Due to the lack of historical data, the question of the origin of medicine has not been agreed upon. As an ancient primitive religion, Shamanism retains the use of hallucinogenic drugs in its early religious activities rather well, providing a guidance for exploring the cognition on drugs in early human. Through the review of the hallucinogenic plants used by shaman religious activities in different countries and areas, it was found that hallucinogenic drugs can be classified into two categories: single and mixed, which came mainly from plants and fungi, and the origin of hallucinogenic drugs has a high fitting degree with Shaman location...
July 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953825/sexual-freedom-vs-sexual-nemesis-where-is-the-new-morality
#5
Anthony Fry
Sexual practice, attitudes to sex, gender roles and attitudes to power between the sexes are changing rapidly. Here a new free, indulgent, pleasure seeking sexuality, driven mainly by young women is emerging. This new order can be seen in conduct, but is graphically portrayed in popular music, film and the written word. It has travelled as fast as light in digital media, as if there was a new brain- not like the pheromonal brain of ants- but the digitalised brain of new humanity. Across history, the control of sex has usually been located in religion or the state, they have dictated not only conduct, but defined deep rooted feelings about personal anatomy, and intimate activity...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920558/i-shouldn-t-talk-of-medicine-only-biomedical-and-religious-frameworks-for-understanding-antiretroviral-therapies-their-invention-and-their-effects
#6
Angela Kelly-Hanku, Peter Aggleton, Patti Shih
Medical pluralism offers a long-standing means of analysing the different ways in which health and illness can be interpreted and responded to. It is not unusual for multiple health systems and meanings to co-exist at any one moment in time, offering different ways of understanding and responding to illness and disease. In addition to biomedical frameworks, religious beliefs offer another important means of facilitating healing. Based on qualitative interviews with 36 people living with HIV on antiretroviral therapies (ART) in Papua New Guinea (PNG), this paper examines the ways in which people bring together and synthesise religious and biomedical therapeutic approaches to the treatment and management of HIV...
September 16, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916918/mixed-blessings-religion-spirituality-predicts-better-and-worse-screening-behaviours
#7
David Speed
Some health research suggests that religious and spiritual variables positively predict health-screening behaviours. However, much of the literature on this topic has utilized exclusively religious samples, or has sampled from populations without uniform access to health care. Either of these issues may have artificially inflated the relationship between religion/spirituality and health-screening behaviours. The current study used data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey to examine a general sample of women from New Brunswick and Manitoba (N > 1200)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903672/cognitive-and-interpersonal-features-of-intellectual-humility
#8
Mark R Leary, Kate J Diebels, Erin K Davisson, Katrina P Jongman-Sereno, Jennifer C Isherwood, Kaitlin T Raimi, Samantha A Deffler, Rick H Hoyle
Four studies examined intellectual humility-the degree to which people recognize that their beliefs might be wrong. Using a new Intellectual Humility (IH) Scale, Study 1 showed that intellectual humility was associated with variables related to openness, curiosity, tolerance of ambiguity, and low dogmatism. Study 2 revealed that participants high in intellectual humility were less certain that their beliefs about religion were correct and judged people less on the basis of their religious opinions. In Study 3, participants high in intellectual humility were less inclined to think that politicians who changed their attitudes were "flip-flopping," and Study 4 showed that people high in intellectual humility were more attuned to the strength of persuasive arguments than those who were low...
June 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899101/retention-of-qualified-healthcare-workers-in-rural-senegal-lessons-learned-from-a-qualitative-study
#9
Mari Nagai, Noriko Fujita, Ibrahima S Diouf, Malick Salla
INTRODUCTION: Deployment and retention of a sufficient number of skilled and motivated human resources for health (HRH) at the right place and at the right time are critical to ensure people's right to access a universal quality of health care. Vision Tokyo 2010 Network, an international network of HRH managers at the ministry of health (MoH) level in nine Francophone African countries, identified maldistribution of a limited number of healthcare personnel and their retention in rural areas as overarching problems in the member countries...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893170/recent-progress-in-chaplaincy-related-research
#10
George Fitchett
In light of the continued growth of chaplaincy-related research this paper presents an overview of important findings. The review summarizes research in six broad areas: what chaplains do; the importance of religion and spiritual care to patients and families; the impact of chaplains' spiritual care on the patient experience; the impact of chaplain care on other patient outcomes; spiritual needs and chaplain care in palliative and end of life care; and chaplain care for staff colleagues. It concludes with a description of several innovative and important new studies of chaplain care and notes areas for future investigation...
September 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884418/altruism-and-religion-a-new-paradigm-for-organ-donation
#11
Aviad Rabinowich, Alan Jotkowitz
Activity of NGO's supporting living donor kidney donations can affect the shortage of kidneys. Matnat Chaim is a Jewish orthodox organization active in Israel since 2009. This is a voluntary organization with aims to shorten and eliminate the waiting list for kidneys. Since the beginning of its activity, it has said to play a key role in 379 kidney transplantations. In 2015, out of 174 live donor kidney transplantations that took place in Israel, Matnat Chaim had a key role in 88 of them (50.6%). We found some ethical issues concerning the organization's activity...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880807/-my-heart-is-in-his-hands-the-lived-spiritual-experiences-of-congolese-refugee-women-survivors-of-sexual-violence
#12
Melissa A Smigelsky, Alison R Gill, Deb Foshager, Jamie D Aten, Hannah Im
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has experienced widespread violence, including sexual violence. Sexual violence toward women includes rape, genital mutilation, and sexual slavery. Many Congolese have sought to escape such conditions as refugees in the USA. In the present study, we examined lived spiritual experiences of nine Congolese refugee women survivors of sexual violence. Overall, this study provides new insights into participants' experiences of spirituality in the aftermath of sexual trauma and in living as a refugees...
October 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880101/incorporating-the-cultural-diversity-of-family-and-close-relationships-into-the-study-of-health
#13
Belinda Campos, Heejung S Kim
Relationships are at the center of the human social environment, and their quality and longevity are now recognized to have particular relevance for health. The goal of this article is to bring attention to the role of culture in how relationships, particularly close relationships and family relationships, influence health. To this end, 2 contexts that are characterized by 2 distinct forms of cultural collectivism (East Asian and Latino) are spotlighted to highlight the unique patterns that underlie broader cultural categories (e...
September 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799292/profits-and-prophets-derrida-on-linguistic-bereavement-and-im-possibility-in-nursing
#14
Barbara Pesut
The work of Jacques Derrida has received relatively little attention within nursing philosophy. Perhaps this is because Derrida is known best for deconstructing philosophy itself, a task he performed by making language unintelligible to make a point. This in itself makes his work daunting for nurses who do applied philosophy. Despite these difficulties, Derrida's focus on holding open a space for ideas, particularly those ideas that are invisible or unpopular, holds potential for enhancing the diversity of ideas within nursing...
August 11, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795309/religious-identity-and-health-inequalities-in-canada
#15
Maryam Dilmaghani
In the past few decades, most new immigrants to Canada have originated from non-Christian countries. During the same period, the unaffiliation rates have sharply increased in Canada. This paper investigates whether there are any health inequalities associated with religious identity, including also the individuals who do not identify with organized religion in the analysis. The study uses the Canadian General Social Survey of 2012 (N = 23,093), focused on Caregiving and Care-receiving. Employing multivariate regression analysis and controlling for a large set of characteristics inclusive of the degree of religious commitment, individuals who identify as Protestant are found at a physical and mental health advantage, compared with Roman Catholics and most other groups...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792354/death-anxiety-among-new-zealanders-the-predictive-roles-of-religion-spirituality-and-family-connection
#16
Rod MacLeod, Donna M Wilson, Jackie Crandall, Phil Austin
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate attitudes of New Zealanders toward death and dying. We administered an online version of Collett-Lester Fear of Death Scale and Concerns about Dying Instrument subscales to a representative sample of the New Zealand population. One thousand one people responded to the survey, where the largest age-group lay between 30 and 39 years. Respondents with strong religious beliefs showed strongest agreement to being anxious about their own death compared to those who have no religious beliefs ( p = ...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776784/the-international-phase-4-validation-study-of-the-eortc-qlq-swb32-a-stand-alone-measure-of-spiritual-well-being-for%C3%A2-people-receiving-palliative-care-for-cancer
#17
B Vivat, T E Young, J Winstanley, J I Arraras, K Black, F Boyle, A Bredart, A Costantini, J Guo, M E Irarrazaval, K Kobayashi, R Kruizinga, M Navarro, S Omidvari, G E Rohde, S Serpentini, N Spry, H W M Van Laarhoven, G M Yang
The EORTC Quality of Life Group has just completed the final phase (field-testing and validation) of an international project to develop a stand-alone measure of spiritual well-being (SWB) for palliative cancer patients. Participants (n = 451)-from 14 countries on four continents; 54% female; 188 Christian; 50 Muslim; 156 with no religion-completed a provisional 36-item measure of SWB plus the EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL (PAL), then took part in a structured debriefing interview. All items showed good score distribution across response categories...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776651/ferrer-jorge-n-participation-and-the-mystery-transpersonal-essays-in-psychology-education-and-religion-albany-ny-state-university-of-new-york-press-2017-pp-ix%C3%A2-%C3%A2-376-hbk-95
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755777/dispositional-and-situational-coping-among-individuals-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#19
Silvia Cerea, Gioia Bottesi, Jessica R Grisham, Alessio Vieno, Marta Ghisi
Previous research has documented that patients referred for problems related to alcohol use rely primary on maladaptive coping and are deficient in adaptive coping skills. However, the relation between dispositional and situational coping in these patients is not yet fully understood. Therefore, the first aim of the present study was to assess dispositional and situational coping among individuals with alcohol use disorder compared to matched healthy controls. Furthermore, we aimed at assessing gender differences in dispositional and situational coping among individuals with alcohol use disorder...
September 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716130/psychometric-properties-and-relations-with-coping-and-family-strain-of-the-health-services-and-caregiver-experience-questionnaire-hsce-an-outcome-measure-of-informal-caregivers-experience-for-inpatient-care-in-italy
#20
Anna Coluccia, Fabio Ferretti, Andrea Fagiolini, Andrea Pozza
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, the number of patients supported by informal caregivers has substantially increased. In the Italian healthcare context, informal caregivers' experience of care is a new under-recognized construct, and no assessment tool is available. Measuring caregivers' experience is important since in Italy the relationship between doctors and patients/relatives is still considered asymmetrical. The current study presented development and initial psychometric properties of the Health Services and Caregiver Experience questionnaire (HSCE), a self-report tool of caregivers' global experience for inpatient clinical care, including factor structure, reliability and its relations with measures of coping strategies and family strain...
July 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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