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Victor Grech, Dorota Zammit, Hagen Scherb
Males are usually born in excess of females. The sex ratio at birth (SR) is often expressed as the ratio of male to total births. A wide variety of factors have been shown to influence SR, including terrorist attacks, which have been shown to reduce SR. This paper reviews the effects on SR outcomes of the stressful events in France in 1968 (in association with the student and worker riots) and in Japan following the Aum Shinrikyo religious cult's attack on the Tokyo subway using sarin nerve gas in 1995. Both countries displayed seasonal variation in SR...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
Sarah E Dunn, Nadine J Kaslow, Daniel Cucco, Ann C Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2016: Psychosomatics
Geraint Fuller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2016: Practical Neurology
David M Black
Starting with an outline of Buddhist history from a psychoanalytic perspective, this paper uses ideas from philosophy and psychoanalysis to consider the nature of the psychological effectiveness of religious objects. It suggests that the development of the devotional cult of Buddhas 'without form' such as Amitābha, at-first-glance surprising when juxtaposed with the founding vision of Gautama Siddhartha, tells us a great deal about the psychological needs that impel the evolution of religious thinking. Distinguishing religious objects from mythological ones, it argues that 'religious objects' are, more specifically, allegorical objects that can be encountered in the second person; that these may not always be well described as 'illusion'; and that they may in some cases be better understood as providing opportunities for experience that, like the transference in psychoanalysis, may have far-reaching psychological impacts...
July 29, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Margaret McCartney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
A Antadze, G Mukhashavria, N Lekvtadze, G Tomadze, G Chikobava
Nonspecific ulcerative colitis is disease with complicated and not fully studied etiology and pathogenesis, and treatment of its complications is very difficult. Especially complicated is disease course with repetitive bleeding, toxic megacolon and perforation. We present a quite rare case of complication with multiple, especially repetitive perforations of transverse colon. After 13 days from the performance of subtotal colectomy, the patient underwent to the relaparotomy because of secondary perforation of sygmoid colon 2-3 cm lower from its cult and iliac intestine 0...
June 2016: Georgian Medical News
Chiara Nardon, Nicolò Pettenuzzo, Dolores Fregona
Gold has always aroused great interest in the history of mankind. It has been used for thousands of years for jewelry, religious cult valuables, durable goods and in the art world. However, few know that such a precious and noble metal was exploited in the past by the ancients also for its therapeutic properties. More recently, in the twentieth century some complexes containing gold centers in the oxidation state +1 were studied for the treatment of the rheumatoid arthritis and the orally-administered drug Auranofin was approved by the FDA in 1985...
May 3, 2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Pat Munday
Our Lady of the Rockies (OLR) is a ninety-foot-tall statue of the Virgin Mary overlooking Butte, Montana, from its perch high atop the Continental Divide. In the popularized account, OLR is a uniquely local undertaking reflecting the community's character and pride. Yet OLR is far more than this, for it taps into a rich vein of cultural and spiritual tradition. As Mircea Eliade pointed out, the notion of the earth as female pervaded early Western civilizations. Mines were like the vagina of the earth, leading to the womb where metallic ores waxed like embryos...
2016: Technology and Culture
Brian Holoyda, William Newman
Cults are charismatic groups defined by members' adherence to a set of beliefs and teachings that differ from those of mainstream religions. Cult beliefs may appear unusual or bizarre to those outside of the organization, which can make it difficult for an outsider to know whether a belief is cult-related or delusional. In accordance with these beliefs, or at the behest of a charismatic leader, some cult members may participate in violent crimes such as murder and later attempt to plead not guilty by reason of insanity (NGRI)...
March 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Jaleal S Sanjak, Anthony D Long, Kevin R Thornton
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have associated many single variants with complex disease, yet the better part of heritable complex disease risk remains unexplained. Analytical tools designed to work under specific population genetic models are needed. Rare variants are increasingly shown to be important in human complex disease, but most existing GWAS data do not cover rare variants. Explicit population genetic models predict that genes contributing to complex traits and experiencing recurrent, unconditionally deleterious, mutation will harbor multiple rare, causative mutations of subtle effect...
2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Eirini Kostopoulou, Stamos Katsigiannis, Dimitris Maroulis
This work introduces a novel method for the detection and segmentation of protein spots in 2D-gel images. A multi-thresholding approach is utilized for the detection of protein spots, while a custom grow-cult algorithm combined with region growing and morphological operators is used for the segmentation process. The experimental evaluation against four state-of-the-art 2D-gel image segmentation algorithms demonstrates the superiority of the proposed approach and indicates that it constitutes an advantageous and reliable solution for 2D-gel image analysis...
2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Syed Raza Shah, Areeba Altaf, Mohammad Hussham Arshad, Anum Mari, Sahir Noorani, Eraj Saeed, Areesh Amir Mevawalla, Zaiyn Ul Haq, Muhammad Ehsan Faquih
A chronic, progressive disorder Steroid Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome (SRNS) accounts for 10-20% of all children with Nephrotic Syndrome. It is a heterogeneous disorder comprised of persistent edema, proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia and hyperlipidemia. Treatment for steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) is challenging and children who suffer from SRNS require aggressive treatment to achieve remission. Calcineurin inhibitors have been used more in an empirical manner than on the basis of clear rationale. It was in 1984 when cyclosporine was first considered for the treatment of steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
I Grattagliano, D Tangari
Psychological cults are of particular interest to criminologists due to their complex and multi-faceted structures. They may come in the form of organizations, movements, and training centers that make promises to their victims of developing or strengthening their psycho-relational capacities, thus resulting in improvements in their social, professional, and personal lives. Starting from the complex and delicate story of a professional couple who join a cult, the authors describe one case of a organization that are referred to as "psycho-sects", and with a significant number of followers...
2015: La Clinica Terapeutica
Mark Radcliffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 16, 2015: Nursing Times
C Bes, Ü Dağlı, F Yılmaz, M Soy
Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome is a rare benign disorder that has a wide range of clinical presentations and variable endoscopic findings which makes it difficult to diagnose and treat. The clinical and endoscopic picture in this condition can also mimic malign ulceration, malignancy or Crohn's disease. Behçet's disease can affect the gastrointestinal tract. However to the best of our knowledge, no case with solitary rectal ulceration has been reported so far in literature. We herein present a patient diagnosed with Behçet's disease admitted to our clinic with rectal bleeding due to solitary rectal ulceration...
2015: Reumatismo
Grace J Young, Wenya Linda Bi, Timothy R Smith, Ryan Brewster, William B Gormley, Ian F Dunn, Edward R Laws, Daniel E Nijensohn
For 60 years, the details about Eva Perón's illness and lobotomy at the end of her life have been obscured from the public. Here, we examine the sociopolitical factors that may have contributed to this secrecy. The first involves Eva Perón's political status and the personality cult surrounding her image, including partisan efforts to present her as a patron saint of Peronism. The second involves the social perceptions, which are often stigmatizing, regarding disease in political or public figures. Notably, neuropsychiatric illness and associated indications for treatment were viewed as oligarchic by the Perón regime, and admission to a lobotomy may have been perceived as anti-Peronist...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
G Froehlich, J Schulz
Sant'Ippazio (St. Hypatius of Gangra) is a saint, martyr, and advocate in cases of impotency, inguinal hernia, and other abdominal disorders. In Tiggiano, a small town at the southernmost point of Italy, Sant'Ippazio, bishop of Gangra, is venerated as a patron saint. According to legend, during an excited dispute on the question of the Arian heresy at the synod of Nicaea (325 AD), Bishop Ippazio was kicked in the lower abdominal region by an Arian presbyter, which caused an inguinal hernia. Therefore, his help is sought for relief and cure of hernia or impotency...
December 2015: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Pinar Caglar Aytac, Esra Bulgan Kilicdag, Bulent Haydardedeoglu, Erhan Simsek, Tayfun Cok, Huriye Ayse Parlakgumus
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether calcium ionophore solution can improve the fertilization rate in patients with diminished ovarian reserve whose partners have normal sperm parameters. DESIGN: Between January 2014 and August 2014, patients with diminished ovarian reserve were randomized to make artificial oocyte activation with calcium ionophore solution. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A total of 296 patients who had diminished ovarian reserve and partners with normal sperm parameters were included in the study...
November 2015: Fertility and Sterility
Cristina Resende, Catarina Araújo, Rui Santos, Teresa Pereira, Celeste Brito
Syringoma is a benign, adnexal tumor of the eccrine sweat gland ducts. Eruptive syringomas are a rare variant, occurring before or during puberty in most cases. A 57-year-old man was observed in our department, with a 10-year history of multiple brownish papules (1-4mm in diameter), localized on the neck, shoulders, trunk and axillae. The clinical diagnosis was cutaneous mastocytosis. Histopathological examination from a papule in the trunk was compatible with the diagnosis of syringoma. The patient was treated with isotretinoin, without any improvement...
May 2015: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Jeane Jeong Hoon Yang, Karine Valentim Cade, Flavia Cury Rezende, José Marcos Pereira, José Roberto Pereira Pegas
Pili torti also known as 'twisted hairs' (Latin: pili=hair; torti=twisted) is a rare, congenital or acquired clinical presentation, in which the hair shaft is flattened at irregular intervals and twisted 180º along its axis. It is clinically characterized by fragile, brittle, coarse and lusterless hairs, due to uneven light reflection on the twisted hair surface. Pili torti may be associated with neurological abnormalities and ectodermal dysplasias. There is no specific treatment for this condition, but it may improve spontaneously after puberty...
May 2015: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
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