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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754710/attributional-biases-in-psychiatric-patients-a-religious-and-a-control-group-in-the-assessment-of-a-hallucinatory-experience-the-white-christmas-test
#1
Alejandro Parra, Gianina Maschi
The aim of this study was to evaluate the auditory hallucinatory experience in a clinical sample of patients with psychiatric symptoms (e.g. Schizophrenia), a religious group (eg. Christians) and a "control" group (with no mental disorder and non-religious). The sample consisted of individuals of both sexes. The patient sample was recruited in two psychiatric hospitals of Buenos Aires City, the religious from an evangelical cult, and people with no religious beliefs or previous psychiatric symptoms (control group)...
April 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723701/ritualistic-child-sexual-abuse-in-post-conflict-eastern-drc-factors-associated-with-the-phenomenon-and-implications-for-social-work
#2
Amani Clovis Kasherwa, Janestic Mwende Twikirize
Ritualistic child sexual abuse (RCSA) is a critical and under-recognised form of child maltreatment prevailing in developing countries. In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), children from specific communities suffer complex forms of RCSA perpetrated with extreme brutality by various individuals and groups of conspirators. Although the DRC has achieved significant milestones towards combatting war-related sexual abuse of women and children, disturbing forms of RCSA, notably child kidnapping, rape, child defilement for fetish and superstitious beliefs, child sexual exploitation, and cult-based child marriage persist and affect many victims...
April 30, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651383/influence-of-encoding-instructions-and-response-bias-on-cross-cultural-differences-in-specific-recognition
#3
Laura E Paige, Selen Amado, Angela H Gutchess
Prior cross-cultural research has reported cultural variations in memory. One study revealed that Americans remembered images with more perceptual detail than East Asians (Millar et al. in Cult Brain 1(2-4):138-157, 2013). However, in a later study, this expected pattern was not replicated, possibly due to differences in encoding instructions (Paige et al. in Cortex 91:250-261, 2017). The present study sought to examine when cultural variation in memory-related decisions occur and the role of instructions. American and East Asian participants viewed images of objects while making a Purchase decision or an Approach decision and later completed a surprise recognition test...
October 2017: Culture and Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561857/ptolemaic-military-operations-were-a-dominant-factor-in-the-spread-of-egyptian-cults-across-the-early-hellenistic-aegean-sea
#4
Tomáš Glomb, Adam Mertel, Zdeněk Pospíšil, Zdeněk Stachoň, Aleš Chalupa
Early in the Ptolemaic era, Egyptian cults, particularly those of Isis and Sarapis, spread successfully to ports across the ancient Aegean Sea. Leading researchers in the field claim that the spread of these cults was influenced by multiple factors, ones that were mainly economic or political in character. However, the question of which factors had more weight or impact than others in the process of the early spread of Egyptian cults has not yet been answered in academic discussion. This could be related to the fact that the issue of the spread of religious innovations in the ancient Mediterranean has been addressed mainly by established historiographical methods such as the collection and critical analysis of archaeological and literary sources...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559152/a-century-of-teaching-veterinary-parasitology-in-south-africa-lessons-learnt
#5
Barend L Penzhorn
Finding a healthy balance between classical parasitology and clinical veterinary medicine remains a challenge. Veterinary parasitology, of vital interest in sub-Saharan Africa, has always featured prominently at the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria (founded in 1920). The faculty was initially an integral part of the Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute (OVI), and parasitology was taught by specialist researchers from OVI - a cult of total coverage prevailed. Presenting three separate courses - ectoparasitology, helminthology and protozoology - continued for many decades...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507960/statin-denial-an-internet-driven-cult-with-deadly-consequences
#6
Steven E Nissen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507959/statin-denial-an-internet-driven-cult-with-deadly-consequences
#7
Dena S Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507958/statin-denial-an-internet-driven-cult-with-deadly-consequences
#8
Andrew Bamji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409552/dying-for-the-group-towards-a-general-theory-of-extreme-self-sacrifice
#9
Harvey Whitehouse
Whether upheld as heroic or reviled as terrorism, throughout history people have been willing to lay down their lives for the sake of their groups. Why? Previous theories of extreme self-sacrifice have highlighted a range of seemingly disparate factors such as collective identity, outgroup hostility, and kin psychology. This paper attempts to integrate many of these factors into a single overarching theory based on several decades of collaborative research with a range of special populations, from tribes in Papua New Guinea to Libyan insurgents, and from Muslim fundamentalists in Indonesia to Brazilian football hooligans...
February 7, 2018: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384111/immunogenetics-of-cytokine-genes-in-parthenium-dermatitis-a-review
#10
REVIEW
N Akhtar, K K Verma, A Sharma
Parthenium dermatitis is a chronic immuno-inflammatory, distressing skin disease and is mediated by activated T-lymphocyte which is primarily manifested on the exposed sites of the face, neck, hand and flexures. Parthenium hysterophorus is ubiquitous, hence it is diffi-cult to avoid the aero-allergenic antigen parthenin, responsible for the contact dermatitis. The pathogenesis of parthenium dermatitis is characterized by infiltration of T-lymphocytes into challenged skin sites and the development of a cutaneous inflammation due to altered regulatory network of pro and anti-inflammatory cytokines...
March 2018: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329259/extreme-overvalued-beliefs-how-violent-extremist-beliefs-become-normalized
#11
Tahir Rahman
Extreme overvalued beliefs (EOB) are rigidly held, non-deusional beliefs that are the motive behind most acts of terrorism and mass shootings. EOBs are differentiated from delusions and obsessions. The concept of an overvalued idea was first described by Wernicke and later applied to terrorism by McHugh. Our group of forensic psychiatrists (Rahman, Resnick, Harry) refined the definition as an aid in the differential diagnosis seen in acts of violence. The form and content of EOBs is discussed as well as group effects, conformity, and obedience to authority...
January 12, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298745/-animal-ethics-in-the-19th-century-and-swiss-animal-protection-law
#12
I Bloch
The development of animal ethics and animal rights from the antiquity up to modern times is described. The relationship of humans to animals was primarily based on fear and animal cult, developed by the domestication to a partnership. The philosophers of the early modern age denied the animals the reason, what was disadvantageous to the position of the animals in the society and the behavior of humans to the animals. By the end of the 19th century the animal protection concept developed with numerous postulates for legal regulations...
January 2018: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280681/terror-love-and-brainwashing-attachment-in-cults-and-totalitarian-systems
#13
James Cook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276204/the-fat-person-on-the-edgware-road-omnibus-fat-fashion-and-public-shaming-in-the-british-long-eighteenth-century
#14
Sander L Gilman
Dieting as a fashionable undertaking in the public sphere appears in the course of the long eighteenth century. It is part of a shift to an awareness of the public stigma of obesity and marks the rise of a dieting culture focused on psychological rather than a purely somatic phenomenon. It is coterminous with the redefinition of the "reasonable" (rational) person both in law as well as in the public sphere.Reasonableness comes to define the normal within a cult of the rational; obesity comes to mark that state beyond reasonableness...
2017: Literature and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276198/the-fashioning-of-fashionable-diseases-in-the-eighteenth-century
#15
David E Shuttleton
This essay considers why the eighteenth century has particular significance for anyone concerned with the cultural forces necessary to render a disease fashionable. A brief overview of a pervasive cult of sensibility addresses the role of popular medical writing, imaginative literature, and spas in circulating a romanticized model of nervous disorders as signs of intellectual and moral superiority. Attention is drawn to the ambiguity in the term "fashionable" implying "popular," but also something that might be contrived; to what extent were Georgian fashionable diseases merely cultural constructs? Here the medicalization of masturbation suggests a limit-case...
2017: Literature and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135147/-biomarkers-of-renal-injury-in-contact-ureteral-lithotripsy
#16
A I Tarasenko, A M Pushkarev, I G Rakipov, A V Alekseev, Ya V Kondratenko, V N Pavlov
AIM: To optimize the transurethral endoscopic management of patients with ureterolithiasis by measuring biomarkers of renal parenchymal damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred fifty-one patients with solitary ureteral stones were tested for levels of cystatin C, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, 2-microglobulin and interleukin 18. RESULTS: An increase in the levels of markers of renal injury was observed both in the preoperative period and after CULT...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131734/yoga-therapy-in-japan
#17
Keishin Kimura
This perspective piece gives an overview of the current situation of yoga therapy in Japan today. Traditional yoga in Japan suffered a serious setback in 1995 with a nerve gas terrorist attack on the Tokyo subway, which was carried out by a cult that recruited members through yoga classes. But with the increase in popularity with modern forms of yoga such as Iyengar yoga, Ashtanga yoga and hot yoga in the West, the general public in Japan today is forgetting its aversion to yoga and considers it to be something that can contribute to good health...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111013/genotype-phenotype-and-oct-correlations-in-autosomal-dominant-optic-atrophy-related-to-opa1-gene-mutations-report-of-13-italian-families
#18
E Pretegiani, F Rosini, A Rufa, G N Gallus, E Cardaioli, P Da Pozzo, S Bianchi, V Serchi, M Collura, R Franceschini, S Bianchi Marzoli, M T Dotti, A Federico
Mutations in OPA1 are responsible of 32-89% cases of Autosomal Dominant Optic Atrophy (ADOA). OPA1 ADOA usually presents in childhood with bilateral, progressive visual loss due to retinal ganglion cells neurodegeneration, but environmental factors are supposed to influence onset and phenotype. Sixty Italian OPA1 mutations carriers (fifty-two symptomatic), belonging to thirteen families, underwent neuro-ophthalmologic evaluation. Visual acuity (n=60) and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) (n=12) were compared in missense mutations (OPA-M) versus haploinsufficiency-inducing mutations (OPA-H) and correlated with age...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099693/comparative-analysis-of-sperm-selection-methods-before-the-intra-cytoplasmic-sperm-injection-procedure
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
O Lohinova, V Pitko, N Sinilo, Ya Cherkashyna, N Hanzha
In recent years, one of the methods of assisted reproductive technologies has become increasingly widespread, namely the ICSI procedure (ICSI - Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection). This method is based on artificial introduction of the spermatozoon into the cytoplasm of the oocyte. However, the complexity of this method is that the choice of a morphologically and biochemically mature spermatozoon becomes subjective. However, not so long ago, an innovative method for selecting mature, ready-to-fertilize spermatozoa was proposed...
October 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952703/-complications-of-contact-ureteral-lithotripsy
#20
REVIEW
E A Mamedov, V V Dutov, V V Bazaev
Shows the current real time terminology and variants of systematization and grading of complications of contact ureteral lithotripsy (CULT). Research papers related to complications of CULT published over the last three decades were analyzed. Currently there is no clear terminology, classification, systematization and grading of CULT complications. The terms used are deficient because they do not adequately characterize specific complications of CULT. For example, some researchers define a complete ureteral avulsion as a defect at two levels, but others interpret it as a defect of the ureter at only one level...
September 2017: Urologii︠a︡
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