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Colin Ross
Individuals in treatment for dissociative identity disorder not uncommonly describe childhood involvement in organized, multi-perpetrator ritual abuse. They described being "programmed" by the perpetrators and feel that the programming is out of their control. The author has developed a set of treatment strategies and interventions for such cases. These are based on the principle of therapeutic neutrality and can be used no matter what assumptions the therapist makes about the historical accuracy of the memories and beliefs...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Richard P Kluft
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Phat Huynh, Trong-Hop Do, Myungsik Yoo
This paper proposes a probability-based algorithm to track the LED in vehicle visible light communication systems using a camera. In this system, the transmitters are the vehicles' front and rear LED lights. The receivers are high speed cameras that take a series of images of the LEDs. ThedataembeddedinthelightisextractedbyfirstdetectingthepositionoftheLEDsintheseimages. Traditionally, LEDs are detected according to pixel intensity. However, when the vehicle is moving, motion blur occurs in the LED images, making it difficult to detect the LEDs...
February 10, 2017: Sensors
Catherine Lavaud, Georges Massiot
Iboga alkaloids are a particular class of indolomonoterpenes most often characterized by an isoquinuclidine nucleus. Their first occurrence was detected in the roots of Tabernanthe iboga, a sacred plant to the people of Gabon, which made it cult object. Ibogaine is the main representative of this class of alkaloids and its psychoactive properties are well documented. It has been proposed as a drug cessation treatment and has a wide range of activities in targeting opioids, cocaine, and alcohol. The purpose of this chapter is to provide a background on this molecule and related compounds and to update knowledge on the most recent advances made...
2017: Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products
Atia Sheereen, Manal Alaamery, Shahad Bawazeer, Yusra Al Yafee, Salam Massadeh, Wafaa Eyaid
BACKGROUND: Autosomal-recessive non-syndromic intellectual disability (ARNS-ID) is an aetiologically heterogeneous disorder. Although little is known about the function of human cereblon (CRBN), its relationship to mild cognitive deficits suggests that it is involved in the basic processes of human memory and learning. OBJECTIVES: We aim to identify the genetic cause of intellectual disability and self-mutilation in a consanguineous Saudi family with five affected members...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
Laura Jordan
BACKGROUND: Occupational irritant contact dermatitis (OICD) is a dif cult and hard to manage condition. It occurs more frequently in certain occupations where contact with harsh chemicals, use of alcohol-based disinfectants, and frequent hand washing heightens the risk. Treatment for OICD includes patient education in addition to physical, topical, and systemic therapies. OBJECTIVE: To review the pathogenesis and treatment options for OICD and evaluate the ef cacy of a selective skin-care regimen involv- ing a hand protectant cream alone as well as combined with a repair cream and speci c cleanser...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Lesley Jo Weaver
The existing literature on Indian ethnopsychology has long asserted that somatization is a key aspect of experiences of distress. The study of idioms of distress arose out of work done in India (Nichter in Cult Med Psychiatry 5(4):379-408, 1981), but ironically, little subsequent work has systematically explored idioms of distress in this part of the world. This ethnographic study focused on the term tension (tenśan) and its relation to a cultural syndrome among women in urban North India. This syndrome appears to involve rapid-onset anger, irritation, rumination, and sleeplessness as key symptoms...
March 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Nathaniel Rodriguez, Johan Bollen, Yong-Yeol Ahn
Human history has been marked by social instability and conflict, often driven by the irreconcilability of opposing sets of beliefs, ideologies, and religious dogmas. The dynamics of belief systems has been studied mainly from two distinct perspectives, namely how cognitive biases lead to individual belief rigidity and how social influence leads to social conformity. Here we propose a unifying framework that connects cognitive and social forces together in order to study the dynamics of societal belief evolution...
2016: PloS One
Victor Grech, Dorota Zammit, Hagen Scherb
Males are usually born in excess of females. The sex ratio at birth (SR) is often expressed as the ratio of male to total births. A wide variety of factors have been shown to influence SR, including terrorist attacks, which have been shown to reduce SR. This paper reviews the effects on SR outcomes of the stressful events in France in 1968 (in association with the student and worker riots) and in Japan following the Aum Shinrikyo religious cult's attack on the Tokyo subway using sarin nerve gas in 1995. Both countries displayed seasonal variation in SR...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
Sarah E Dunn, Nadine J Kaslow, Daniel Cucco, Ann C Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Psychosomatics
Geraint Fuller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Practical Neurology
David M Black
Starting with an outline of Buddhist history from a psychoanalytic perspective, this paper uses ideas from philosophy and psychoanalysis to consider the nature of the psychological effectiveness of religious objects. It suggests that the development of the devotional cult of Buddhas 'without form' such as Amitābha, at-first-glance surprising when juxtaposed with the founding vision of Gautama Siddhartha, tells us a great deal about the psychological needs that impel the evolution of religious thinking. Distinguishing religious objects from mythological ones, it argues that 'religious objects' are, more specifically, allegorical objects that can be encountered in the second person; that these may not always be well described as 'illusion'; and that they may in some cases be better understood as providing opportunities for experience that, like the transference in psychoanalysis, may have far-reaching psychological impacts...
July 29, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Margaret McCartney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
A Antadze, G Mukhashavria, N Lekvtadze, G Tomadze, G Chikobava
Nonspecific ulcerative colitis is disease with complicated and not fully studied etiology and pathogenesis, and treatment of its complications is very difficult. Especially complicated is disease course with repetitive bleeding, toxic megacolon and perforation. We present a quite rare case of complication with multiple, especially repetitive perforations of transverse colon. After 13 days from the performance of subtotal colectomy, the patient underwent to the relaparotomy because of secondary perforation of sygmoid colon 2-3 cm lower from its cult and iliac intestine 0...
June 2016: Georgian Medical News
Chiara Nardon, Nicolò Pettenuzzo, Dolores Fregona
Gold has always aroused great interest in the history of mankind. It has been used for thousands of years for jewelry, religious cult valuables, durable goods and in the art world. However, few know that such a precious and noble metal was exploited in the past by the ancients also for its therapeutic properties. More recently, in the twentieth century some complexes containing gold centers in the oxidation state +1 were studied for the treatment of the rheumatoid arthritis and the orally-administered drug Auranofin was approved by the FDA in 1985...
2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Pat Munday
Our Lady of the Rockies (OLR) is a ninety-foot-tall statue of the Virgin Mary overlooking Butte, Montana, from its perch high atop the Continental Divide. In the popularized account, OLR is a uniquely local undertaking reflecting the community's character and pride. Yet OLR is far more than this, for it taps into a rich vein of cultural and spiritual tradition. As Mircea Eliade pointed out, the notion of the earth as female pervaded early Western civilizations. Mines were like the vagina of the earth, leading to the womb where metallic ores waxed like embryos...
2016: Technology and Culture
Brian Holoyda, William Newman
Cults are charismatic groups defined by members' adherence to a set of beliefs and teachings that differ from those of mainstream religions. Cult beliefs may appear unusual or bizarre to those outside of the organization, which can make it difficult for an outsider to know whether a belief is cult-related or delusional. In accordance with these beliefs, or at the behest of a charismatic leader, some cult members may participate in violent crimes such as murder and later attempt to plead not guilty by reason of insanity (NGRI)...
March 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Jaleal S Sanjak, Anthony D Long, Kevin R Thornton
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have associated many single variants with complex disease, yet the better part of heritable complex disease risk remains unexplained. Analytical tools designed to work under specific population genetic models are needed. Rare variants are increasingly shown to be important in human complex disease, but most existing GWAS data do not cover rare variants. Explicit population genetic models predict that genes contributing to complex traits and experiencing recurrent, unconditionally deleterious, mutation will harbor multiple rare, causative mutations of subtle effect...
2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Eirini Kostopoulou, Stamos Katsigiannis, Dimitris Maroulis
This work introduces a novel method for the detection and segmentation of protein spots in 2D-gel images. A multi-thresholding approach is utilized for the detection of protein spots, while a custom grow-cult algorithm combined with region growing and morphological operators is used for the segmentation process. The experimental evaluation against four state-of-the-art 2D-gel image segmentation algorithms demonstrates the superiority of the proposed approach and indicates that it constitutes an advantageous and reliable solution for 2D-gel image analysis...
2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Syed Raza Shah, Areeba Altaf, Mohammad Hussham Arshad, Anum Mari, Sahir Noorani, Eraj Saeed, Areesh Amir Mevawalla, Zaiyn Ul Haq, Muhammad Ehsan Faquih
A chronic, progressive disorder Steroid Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome (SRNS) accounts for 10-20% of all children with Nephrotic Syndrome. It is a heterogeneous disorder comprised of persistent edema, proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia and hyperlipidemia. Treatment for steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) is challenging and children who suffer from SRNS require aggressive treatment to achieve remission. Calcineurin inhibitors have been used more in an empirical manner than on the basis of clear rationale. It was in 1984 when cyclosporine was first considered for the treatment of steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome...
August 6, 2015: Global Journal of Health Science
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