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Steven E Nissen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Dena S Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Andrew Bamji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Harvey Whitehouse
Whether upheld as heroic or reviled as terrorism, throughout history people have been willing to lay down their lives for the sake of their groups. Why? Previous theories of extreme self-sacrifice have highlighted a range of seemingly disparate factors such as collective identity, outgroup hostility, and kin psychology. This paper attempts to integrate many of these factors into a single overarching theory based on several decades of collaborative research with a range of special populations, from tribes in Papua New Guinea to Libyan insurgents, and from Muslim fundamentalists in Indonesia to Brazilian football hooligans...
February 7, 2018: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
N Akhtar, K K Verma, A Sharma
Parthenium dermatitis is a chronic immuno-inflammatory, distressing skin disease and is mediated by activated T-lymphocyte which is primarily manifested on the exposed sites of the face, neck, hand and flexures. Parthenium hysterophorus is ubiquitous, hence it is diffi-cult to avoid the aero-allergenic antigen parthenin, responsible for the contact dermatitis. The pathogenesis of parthenium dermatitis is characterized by infiltration of T-lymphocytes into challenged skin sites and the development of a cutaneous inflammation due to altered regulatory network of pro and anti-inflammatory cytokines...
November 27, 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Tahir Rahman
Extreme overvalued beliefs (EOB) are rigidly held, non-deusional beliefs that are the motive behind most acts of terrorism and mass shootings. EOBs are differentiated from delusions and obsessions. The concept of an overvalued idea was first described by Wernicke and later applied to terrorism by McHugh. Our group of forensic psychiatrists (Rahman, Resnick, Harry) refined the definition as an aid in the differential diagnosis seen in acts of violence. The form and content of EOBs is discussed as well as group effects, conformity, and obedience to authority...
January 12, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
I Bloch
The development of animal ethics and animal rights from the antiquity up to modern times is described. The relationship of humans to animals was primarily based on fear and animal cult, developed by the domestication to a partnership. The philosophers of the early modern age denied the animals the reason, what was disadvantageous to the position of the animals in the society and the behavior of humans to the animals. By the end of the 19th century the animal protection concept developed with numerous postulates for legal regulations...
January 2018: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
James Cook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Sander L Gilman
Dieting as a fashionable undertaking in the public sphere appears in the course of the long eighteenth century. It is part of a shift to an awareness of the public stigma of obesity and marks the rise of a dieting culture focused on psychological rather than a purely somatic phenomenon. It is coterminous with the redefinition of the "reasonable" (rational) person both in law as well as in the public sphere.Reasonableness comes to define the normal within a cult of the rational; obesity comes to mark that state beyond reasonableness...
2017: Literature and Medicine
David E Shuttleton
This essay considers why the eighteenth century has particular significance for anyone concerned with the cultural forces necessary to render a disease fashionable. A brief overview of a pervasive cult of sensibility addresses the role of popular medical writing, imaginative literature, and spas in circulating a romanticized model of nervous disorders as signs of intellectual and moral superiority. Attention is drawn to the ambiguity in the term "fashionable" implying "popular," but also something that might be contrived; to what extent were Georgian fashionable diseases merely cultural constructs? Here the medicalization of masturbation suggests a limit-case...
2017: Literature and Medicine
A I Tarasenko, A M Pushkarev, I G Rakipov, A V Alekseev, Ya V Kondratenko, V N Pavlov
AIM: To optimize the transurethral endoscopic management of patients with ureterolithiasis by measuring biomarkers of renal parenchymal damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred fifty-one patients with solitary ureteral stones were tested for levels of cystatin C, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, 2-microglobulin and interleukin 18. RESULTS: An increase in the levels of markers of renal injury was observed both in the preoperative period and after CULT...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
Keishin Kimura
This perspective piece gives an overview of the current situation of yoga therapy in Japan today. Traditional yoga in Japan suffered a serious setback in 1995 with a nerve gas terrorist attack on the Tokyo subway, which was carried out by a cult that recruited members through yoga classes. But with the increase in popularity with modern forms of yoga such as Iyengar yoga, Ashtanga yoga and hot yoga in the West, the general public in Japan today is forgetting its aversion to yoga and considers it to be something that can contribute to good health...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
E Pretegiani, F Rosini, A Rufa, G N Gallus, E Cardaioli, P Da Pozzo, S Bianchi, V Serchi, M Collura, R Franceschini, S Bianchi Marzoli, M T Dotti, A Federico
Mutations in OPA1 are responsible of 32-89% cases of Autosomal Dominant Optic Atrophy (ADOA). OPA1 ADOA usually presents in childhood with bilateral, progressive visual loss due to retinal ganglion cells neurodegeneration, but environmental factors are supposed to influence onset and phenotype. Sixty Italian OPA1 mutations carriers (fifty-two symptomatic), belonging to thirteen families, underwent neuro-ophthalmologic evaluation. Visual acuity (n=60) and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) (n=12) were compared in missense mutations (OPA-M) versus haploinsufficiency-inducing mutations (OPA-H) and correlated with age...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
O Lohinova, V Pitko, N Sinilo, Ya Cherkashyna, N Hanzha
In recent years, one of the methods of assisted reproductive technologies has become increasingly widespread, namely the ICSI procedure (ICSI - Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection). This method is based on artificial introduction of the spermatozoon into the cytoplasm of the oocyte. However, the complexity of this method is that the choice of a morphologically and biochemically mature spermatozoon becomes subjective. However, not so long ago, an innovative method for selecting mature, ready-to-fertilize spermatozoa was proposed...
October 2017: Georgian Medical News
E A Mamedov, V V Dutov, V V Bazaev
Shows the current real time terminology and variants of systematization and grading of complications of contact ureteral lithotripsy (CULT). Research papers related to complications of CULT published over the last three decades were analyzed. Currently there is no clear terminology, classification, systematization and grading of CULT complications. The terms used are deficient because they do not adequately characterize specific complications of CULT. For example, some researchers define a complete ureteral avulsion as a defect at two levels, but others interpret it as a defect of the ureter at only one level...
September 2017: Urologii︠a︡
Mark McClelland, James Bena, Nancy M Albert, Jesse M Pines
BACKGROUND: Ineffective or inefficient transitions threaten patient safety, hinder communication, and worsen patient outcomes. The Hospital Culture of Transitions (H-CulT) survey was designed to assess a hospital's organizational culture related to within-hospital transitions in care involving patient movement. In this article, psychometric properties of the H-CulT survey were examined to assess and refine the hospital culture of transitions. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multicenter, multidisciplinary correlational design and survey methods were used to examine the psychometric properties of the H-CulT survey...
October 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
V V Dutov, V V Bazaev, E A Mamedov, S B Urenkov, A A Podoinitsyn
AIM: To investigate the advantages and disadvantages of the current variants of systematization and grading of complications of contact ureteral lithotripsy (CULT) and develop a working classification of CULT complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study analyzed results of 545 fluoroscopy-guided endoscopic procedures performed at the MRRCI Clinic of Urology from 2008 to 2015 in 506 patients with ureterolithiasis. RESULTS: The proposed and implemented classification and terminology of CULT complications unifies the diagnostic and management algorithm...
July 2017: Urologii︠a︡
In-Sok Yeo
History of hospital is one of main fields of researches in medical history. Besides writing a history of an individual hospital, considerable efforts have been made to trace the origin of hospital. Those who quest for the origin of hospital are faced with an inevitable problem of defining hospital. As the different definition can lead to a different outcome, it is important to make a clear definition. In this article, the hospital was defined as an institution in which patients are housed and given medical treatments...
April 2017: Ŭi Sahak
Margaret McCartney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Roger Griffin
The psychiatrist Robert Lifton developed his model of 'doubling' to account for the capacity of some human beings to commit atrocities in one compartment of their lives, while continuing to maintain normal social relations in their domestic sphere, a phenomenon which he encountered both in interviews with former Nazi doctors working in concentration camps, and with terrorists belonging to the Japanese Aum Shinrikyo cult. By supplementing this model with a theory of heroization based on existential anthropology and Jung's concept of the Shadow, a composite heuristic explanatory paradigm is formed, 'heroic doubling', which may contribute to the empathetic understanding of acts of extreme violence being carried out by individuals who do not present symptoms of psychiatric disorder and maintain normal existences, yet are prepared to kill and be killed for a cause that confers on their lives a sense of transcendent purpose and sacrality...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
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