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fracture joint spine

Benjamin Wang, Florian J Fintelmann, Ravi S Kamath, Susan V Kattapuram, Daniel I Rosenthal
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine how a limited protocol MR examination compares to a full conventional MR examination for the detection of non-degenerative pathology such as acute fracture, infection, and malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 349 non-contrast MR exams was selected retrospectively containing a 3:1:1:1 distribution of negative/degenerative change only, acute fracture, infection, and malignancy. This resulted in an even distribution of pathology and non-pathology...
October 10, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
David Dreizin, Jason Nascone, Derik L Davis, Daniel Mascarenhas, Nikki Tirada, Haoxing Chen, Uttam K Bodanapally
OBJECTIVE: Pelvic binders may hinder radiologic assessment of pelvic instability after trauma, and avulsive injuries can potentially unmask instability in this setting. We compare the performance of MDCT for the detection of pelvic disruptions in patients with binders to a matched cohort without binders, and we assess the utility of avulsive injuries as signs of pelvic instability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MDCT examinations of 56 patients with binders were compared with MDCT examinations of 54 patients without binders...
September 28, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Babar Kayani, Mathew David Sewell, Johnson Platinum, Andre Olivier, Timothy W R Briggs, Deborah M Eastwood
BACKGROUND: Congenital indifference to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA) is a rare hereditary neuropathy, which is associated with defective sensation to noxious stimuli and autonomic dysfunction. The objective of the study was to report on the orthopaedic manifestations of this condition and provide an evidence-based approach for management. METHODS: Retrospective review of 14 consecutive patients with CIPA referred to a single tertiary centre. Mean age of diagnosis was 2...
September 6, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Rhianna M Little, Matthew D Milewski
While some fractures may be managed similarly in adults and children, physeal fractures are uniquely limited to the pediatric population and require special consideration. Although physeal fractures about the knee are relatively rare, they are occurring more frequently due to increasing youth participation in sports and high-energy recreational activities. The evaluation and management of distal femoral and proximal tibial physeal fractures are similar to one another, but fractures of the tibial spine and tibial tubercle are approached somewhat differently...
September 7, 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
H M Yu, K Malhotra, J S Butler, A Patel, M D Sewell, Y Z Li, S Molloy
AIMS: Patients with multiple myeloma (MM) develop deposits in the spine which may lead to vertebral compression fractures (VCFs). Our aim was to establish which spinopelvic parameters are associated with the greatest disability in patients with spinal myeloma and VCFs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cross-sectional review of 148 consecutive patients (87 male, 61 female) with spinal myeloma and analysed correlations between spinopelvic parameters and patient-reported outcome scores...
September 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Nan-Ping Yang, Dinh-Van Phan, Yi-Hui Lee, Jin-Chyr Hsu, Ren-Hao Pan, Chien-Lung Chan, Nien-Tzu Chang, Dachen Chu
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological study was needed to evaluate trends in emergency department (ED) utilization that could be taken into account when making policy decisions regarding the delivery and distribution of medical resources. METHODS: A retrospective fixed-cohort study of emergency medical utilization from 2001 to 2010 was performed based on one-million people sampled in 2010 in Taiwan. Focusing on traumatic cases, the annual incidences in various groups split according to sex and age were calculated, and further information regarding location of trauma and type of trauma was obtained...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Xin Rong, Beiyu Wang, Hua Chen, Chen Ding, Yuxiao Deng, Lipeng Ma, Yanzhao Ma, Hao Liu
OBJECTIVE: Trough preparation is a technically demanding yet critical procedure for successful expansive open door laminoplasty (EOLP), requiring both proper position and appropriate bone removal. We aimed to use the specific rapid prototyping drill template to achieve such requirement. METHODS: The 3D model of the cadaveric cervical spine was reconstructed using the Mimics 17.0 and Geomagic Studio 12.0 software. The drilling template was designed in the 3-Matic software...
November 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
A Gänsslen, S Grechenig, M Nerlich, M Müller
Historically, standard approaches for surgical treatment of displaced acetabular fractures were the KocherLangenbeck approach, the ilioinguinal approach and the extended iliofemoral approach (12). Presently, several modifications of these approaches are accepted alternatives, especially anterior modifications based on the intrapelvic approach described by Hirvensalo (8). Single access approaches allowing visualization of one acetabular column are the posterior Kocher-Langenbeck approach and the anterior ilioinguinal approach (12) and the use of a single approach is favoured (9, 24)...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
Lovro Suhodolčan, Marko Mihelak, Janez Brecelj, Rok Vengust
We describe a case of a 19-year-old young man with oligoarthritis type of juvenile idiopathic arthritis, who presented with several month duration of lower neck pain and progressive muscular weakness of all four limbs. X-rays of the cervical spine demonstrated spontaneous apophyseal joint fusion from the occipital condyle to C6 and from C7 to Th2 with marked instability between C6 and C7. Surgical intervention began with anterolateral approach to the cervical spine performing decompression, insertion of cage and anterior vertebral plate and screws, followed by posterior approach and fixation...
July 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
Michelle S Yau, Serkalem Demissie, Yanhua Zhou, Dennis E Anderson, Amanda L Lorbergs, Douglas P Kiel, Brett T Allaire, Laiji Yang, L Adrienne Cupples, Thomas G Travison, Mary L Bouxsein, David Karasik, Elizabeth J Samelson
Hyperkyphosis is a common spinal disorder in older adults, characterized by excessive forward curvature of the thoracic spine and adverse health outcomes. The etiology of hyperkyphosis has not been firmly established, but may be related to changes that occur with aging in the vertebrae, discs, joints, and muscles, which function as a unit to support the spine. Determining the contribution of genetics to thoracic spine curvature and the degree of genetic sharing among co-occurring measures of spine health may provide insight into the etiology of hyperkyphosis...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Umesh Srikantha, Kiran S Khanapure, Aniruddha T Jagannatha, Krishna C Joshi, Ravi G Varma, Alangar S Hegde
OBJECTIVE Minimally invasive techniques are being increasingly used to treat disorders of the cervical spine. They have a potential to reduce the postoperative neck discomfort subsequent to extensive muscle dissection associated with conventional atlantoaxial fusion procedures. The aim of this paper was to elaborate on the technique and results of minimally invasive atlantoaxial fusion. MATERIALS Minimally invasive atlantoaxial fusion was done initially in 4 fresh-frozen cadavers and subsequently in 5 clinical cases...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Maria Cecília de Souza Minayo, Adalgisa Peixoto Ribeiro
We present the results of a quantitative and qualitative study on the living conditions and health of prisoners in the state of Rio de Janeiro. The goal was to produce strategic information to support the action of public officials who work in prisons. The results show that prisoners are young (average age: 30 years), poor, mostly black and brown (70.5%), have little education (only 1.5% of them have a higher education), and have been in prison for less than four years. Among the problems that indirectly affect their health, we emphasize: overcrowding (1...
June 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Lukas Konstantinidis, Peter Helwig, Anja Hirschmüller, Elia Langenmair, Norbert P Südkamp, Peter Augat
This article is concerned with the search for threshold values for bone quality beyond which the risk of fixation failure increased. For trochanteric fractures we recognized a BMD lower than 250mg/cm(3) as an additional risk for cut out. For medial femoral neck fractures since joint replacement surgery is available and produces excellent functional results, we see no indication for further differentiation or analysis of bone quality in relation to fracture fixation. In the area of osteoporotic vertebral body fractures, there are many experimental studies that try to identify BMD limits of screw fixation in the cancellous bone on the basis of QCT analysis...
June 2016: Injury
Jennica J Tucker, James M Cirone, Tyler R Morris, Courtney A Nuss, Julianne Huegel, Erik I Waldorff, Nianli Zhang, James T Ryaby, Louis J Soslowsky
Rotator cuff tears are common musculoskeletal injuries often requiring surgical intervention with high failure rates. Currently, pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) are used for treatment of long-bone fracture and lumbar and cervical spine fusion surgery. Clinical studies examining the effects of PEMF on soft tissue healing show promising results. Therefore, we investigated the role of PEMF on rotator cuff healing using a rat rotator cuff repair model. We hypothesized that PEMF exposure following rotator cuff repair would improve tendon mechanical properties, tissue morphology, and alter in vivo joint function...
June 10, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Igor Frangez, Tea Kasnik, Matej Cimerman, Dragica Maja Smrke
BACKGROUND: Calcaneal fractures are relatively rare and difficult to treat. Treatment options vary based on the type of fracture and the surgeon's experiences. In recent years, surgical procedures have increasingly been used due to the better long-term results. We present a case where guided tissue regeneration was performed in a calcaneal fracture that needed primary subtalar arthrodesis. We used the principles of guided tissue regeneration from oral surgery to perform primary subtalar arthrodesis and minimize the risk of non-union...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Matthew J Goldstein, James Bruffey, Robert K Eastlack
STUDY DESIGN: Case report OBJECTIVE.: To report a case of direct pars osteosynthesis using computed topography (CT) navigation, image guided cortically-placed screws with curvilinear subspinous modular link. SUMMARY OFBACKGROUND DATA: Spondylolysis fracture is commonly encountered in athletes who subject their spines to repetitive hyperextension stress. Initial treatment is non-operative, consisting of rest, activity modification, physical therapy, and/or bracing...
April 19, 2016: Spine
Sina Frei, Anton E Fürst, Murielle Sacks, Andrea S Bischofberger
Three horses that were presented with supraglenoid tubercle fractures were treated with open reduction and internal fixation using distal femoral locking plates (DFLP). Placing the DFLP caudal to the scapular spine in order to preserve the suprascapular nerve led to a stable fixation, however, it resulted in infraspinatus muscle atrophy and mild scapulohumeral joint instability (case 1). Placing the DFLP cranial to the scapular spine and under the suprascapular nerve resulted in a stable fixation, however, it resulted in severe atrophy of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles and scapulohumeral joint instability (case 2)...
May 18, 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
Narayan Yoganandan, Frank A Pintar, John R Humm, Dennis J Maiman, Liming Voo, Andrew Merkle
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine injuries to osteo-ligamentous structures of cervical column, mechanisms, forces, severities and AIS scores from vertical accelerative loading. METHODS: Seven human cadaver head-neck complexes (56.9 ± 9.5 years) were aligned based on seated the posture of military soldiers. Army combat helmets were used. Specimens were attached to a vertical accelerator to apply caudo-cephalad g-forces. They were accelerated with increasing insults...
July 2016: European Spine Journal
Hans-Joachim Wilke
Spine research has advanced substantially over the past 25 years through a highly multidisciplinary process. Through early work on fracture healing, osteosynthesis, tissue engineering, and joint biomechanics, researchers discerned 2 main areas of study: musculoskeletal biomechanics and musculoskeletal regeneration. Investigations of the spine continually move from the research bench-through endeavors that incorporate basic science, biology, biomaterials, mechanical testing, finite element analysis, and mathematical modeling-to the bedside-through treatments, devices, and procedures designed to improve patient health while safeguarding quality of life...
April 2016: Spine
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