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fracture joint spine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409288/temporary-fusionless-posterior-occipitocervical-fixation-for-a-proximal-junctional-type-ii-odontoid-fracture-after-previous-c2-pelvis-fusion-case-report-description-of-a-new-surgical-technique-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Alexander A Theologis, Vedat Deviren, Bobby Tay
PURPOSE: Axial fractures in patients with a previous C2-pelvis posterior instrumented fusion are rare and may be challenging to manage. Motion preservation in the axial spine for these patients is important, as the C1-2 and Occipit-C1 joints are their only remaining mobile spinal segments. In this unique report, we present for the first time the use of a fusionless occipitocervical operation for the treatment of a type II odontoid fracture and unilateral C2 pars fracture adjacent to a previous C2-pelvis posterior instrumented fusion...
April 13, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392717/effects-of-water-based-exercise-on-bone-health-of-middle-aged-and-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Vini Simas, Wayne Hing, Rodney Pope, Mike Climstein
BACKGROUND: Age-related bone loss is a major health concern. Only exercises associated with high-impact and mechanical loading have been linked to a positive effect on bone turnover; however, these types of exercises may not always be appropriate for middle-aged and older adults due to physical decline or chronic disorders such as osteoarthritis. Water-based exercise (WBE) has been shown to affect different components of physical fitness, has lower risks of traumatic fracture, and applies less stress to joints...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382238/evaluation-and-interventional-management-of-pain-after-vertebral-augmentation-procedures
#3
Jesse Hatgis, Michelle Granville, Robert E Jacobson
INTRODUCTION: A small subset of patients who underwent successful vertebral compression fracture (VCF) augmentation procedures may develop subsequent pain requiring spinal injections. In a retrospective analysis, we determined whether the pain was related to the original fracture site or to another area within the lumbar or thoracic spine. The pain occurred either at the same/adjacent level and/or non-adjacent level as the VCF. Interventional treatments primarily targeted the facet joints, specifically in the form of facet joint blocks and/or radiofrequency ablation to the medial branches...
February 28, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364146/bundled-payments-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-and-spine-surgery
#4
REVIEW
Rashad Sullivan, Landry D Jarvis, Tadhg O'Gara, Maxwell Langfitt, Cynthia Emory
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this manuscript is to provide an overview and analysis of bundled payment models for joint replacement and select spine procedures. Advantages and disadvantages of bundled payment models will be discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: In select populations, bundled payment models have been shown to reduce costs while maintaining satisfactory outcomes. These models have not been tested with complex patient cohorts, such as older adults with fragility hip fractures, and limited data exist with bundled payment analysis in spine procedures...
March 31, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256741/osteoporosis-is-the-most-important-risk-factor-for-odontoid-fractures-in-the-elderly
#5
Johannes Kaesmacher, Claudia Schweizer, Alexander Valentinitsch, Thomas Baum, Anna Rienmüller, Bernhard Meyer, Jan S Kirschke, Yu-Mi Ryang
Traumatic odontoid fractures (TOFs) have been described as the most common injury affecting the C-spine in the elderly. Previous studies have identified degenerative changes and bone loss as important predisposing factors. However, their interaction and respective age-adjusted impact needs further clarification. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 5303 patients (aged ≥60 years) admitted to a level I trauma center between January 2008 and January 2016 who underwent CT imaging of the C-spine. Ninety-two patients with TOF and 80 patients with other cervical spine fractures (OCSF) were identified and a respective 3:1 age- and sex-matched control group without fractures after trauma was built...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254420/comparison-of-the-technique-of-anterior-cervical-distraction-and-screw-elevating-pulling-reduction-and-conventional-anterior-cervical-reduction-technique-for-traumatic-cervical-spine-fractures-and-dislocations
#6
REVIEW
Haoxi Li, Yufeng Huang, Changzhi Cheng, Zhoudan Lin, Desheng Wu
INTRODUCTION: To analyze and confirm the advantages of anterior cervical distraction and screw elevating-pulling reduction which are absent in conventional anterior cervical reduction for traumatic cervical spine fractures and dislocations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 86 patients with traumatic cervical spine fractures and dislocations who received one-stage anterior approach treatment for a distraction-flexion injury with bilateral locked facet joints between January 2010 and June 2015...
April 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253948/-long-term-outcomes-of-the-treatment-of-pediatric-femoral-shaft-fractures-treated-with-bryant-s-vertical-traction
#7
J Urban, P Toufar, M Kloub
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The paper aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of the treatment of diaphyseal femur fractures in children treated with Bryant's vertical traction. Moreover, we also assessed the size of overgrowth in the injured femur. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included 23 patients with 23 femoral shaft fractures treated with Bryant's vertical traction at our department in 2009-2014. The following parameters were assessed: sex, ïnjured side, weight, age, mechanism of injury, potential abuse, type of fracture, duration of traction, and total length of hospital stay...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253944/-management-of-odontoid-fractures-with-compression-screw-and-anterior-transarticular-screw-fixation-in-elderly-patients
#8
J Kočiš, M Kelbl, R Veselý, T Kočiš
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY In the management of dens axis fractures in patients older than 65 years of age the posterior approach is preferred due to osteoporosis and the risk of a failure of anterior osteosynthesis. The posterior approach, however, is associated with a higher incidence of complications. A combination of anterior transarticular fixation of C1/2 (ATS) with compression osteosynthesis of dens axis significantly increases the stability of osteosynthesis. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the period from 2009 to 2015 our hospital admitted 13 patients older than 65 years of age with a diagnosed type III dens axis fracture based on AO classification...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252933/lightweight-open-cell-scaffolds-from-sea-urchin-spines-with-superior-material-properties-for-bone-defect-repair
#9
Lei Cao, Xiaokang Li, Xiaoshu Zhou, Yong Li, Kenneth S Vecchio, Lina Yang, Wei Cui, Rui Yang, Yue Zhu, Zheng Guo, Xing Zhang
Sea urchin spines (Heterocentrotus mammillatus), with a hierarchical open-cell structure similar to that of human trabecular bone and superior mechanical property (compressive strength ∼43.4 MPa) suitable for machining to shape, were explored for potential applications of bone defect repair. Finite element analyses reveal that the compressive stress concentrates along the dense growth rings and dissipates through strut structures of the stereoms, indicating that the exquisite mesostructures play an important role in high strength-to-weight ratios...
March 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243364/biomechanical-assessment-of-stabilization-of-simulated-type-ii-odontoid-fracture-with-case-study
#10
Roy T Daniel, Mir M Hussain, Noelle Klocke, Soumya S Yandamuri, Lukas Bobinski, John M Duff, Brandon S Bucklen
STUDY DESIGN: Researchers created a proper type II dens fracture (DF) and quantified a novel current posterior fixation technique with spacers at C1-C2. A clinical case study supplements this biomechanical analysis. PURPOSE: Researchers explored their hypothesis that spacers combined with posterior instrumentation (PI) reduce range of motion significantly, possibly leading to better fusion outcomes. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Literature shows that the atlantoaxial joint is unique in allowing segmental rotary motion, enabling head turning...
February 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158156/percutaneous-sacroplasty-for-non-neoplastic-osteoporotic-sacral-insufficiency-fractures
#11
Dong-Hwa Heo, Choon-Keun Park
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is an important problem in those of advanced age. Osteoporosis can induce sacral insufficiency fractures (SIFs). As average life expectancy increases, the number of patients with osteoporotic SIFs also increases. Osteoporotic SIFs cause severe low back pain and immobilization. Treatment of SIFs varies from analgesia to surgery. OBJECTIVES: To describe our experience and assess the safety and effectiveness of minimally invasive percutaneous sacroplasty in patients with osteoporotic SIFs...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130572/long-term-effects-of-neridronate-in-adults-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-an-observational-three-year-italian-study
#12
O Viapiana, L Idolazzi, A Fassio, G Orsolini, M Rossini, G Adami, F Bertoldo, D Gatti
The aim of this study was to assess the long-term efficacy and safety of i.v. neridronate in the treatment of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). One hundred and fourteen patients affected by OI were included in the study. Neridronate was administered by i.v. infusion at the dosage of 2 mg/kg, up to a maximum of 100 mg at three-month intervals for 3 years. Dual X-ray absorptiometry of the lumbar spine, hip, and ultradistal and proximal radius were evaluated every 6 months. Blood calcium, phosphate, albumin, fasting urinary calcium/creatinine ratio, total serum alkaline phosphatase, and bone alkaline phosphatase were obtained at baseline and every 3 months...
January 27, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053267/assessment-of-resuscitation-as-measured-by-markers-of-metabolic-acidosis-and-features-of-injury
#13
D S Weinberg, A S Narayanan, T A Moore, H A Vallier
AIMS: The best time for definitive orthopaedic care is often unclear in patients with multiple injuries. The objective of this study was make a prospective assessment of the safety of our early appropriate care (EAC) strategy and to evaluate the potential benefit of additional laboratory data to determine readiness for surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of 335 patients with fractures of the pelvis, acetabulum, femur, or spine were included. Patients underwent definitive fixation within 36 hours if one of the following three parameters were met: lactate < 4...
January 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042725/stepwise-illustration-of-teeth-fixation-semi-constrained-cervical-disc-arthroplasty
#14
Chih-Chang Chang, Jau-Ching Wu, Peng-Yuan Chang, Mei-Yin Yeh, Yi-Hsuan Kuo, Li-Yu Fay, Tsung-Hsi Tu, Wen-Cheng Huang, Henrich Cheng
There are many kinds of artificial discs available for cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA), with various designs of fixation and articulation mechanisms. Each of these designs has different features and theoretically fits most optimally in selected types of patients. However, there has been insufficient literature to guide individualized selection among these CDA devices. Since CDA aims to restore the joint function rather than arthrodesis, tailor-made size, shape, and mechanical properties should be taken into account for each candidate's target disc...
January 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906437/vitamin-d-receptor-polymorphisms-as-tool-for-early-screening-of-severe-bone-loss-in-women-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#15
G Di Spigna, A Del Puente, B Covelli, E Abete, E Varriale, S Salzano, L Postiglione
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune inflammatory disease that leads to local and systemic arthritis and bone loss. Exploring genetic markers of candidate genes in osteoporosis and inflammatory cytokine genes could be a useful tool for the early identification of bone loss and fracture risk in RA patients. The target of this study is the evaluation and correlation between of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) of Vitamin D Receptor (VDR) and possible effects on bone loss in RA...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726015/limited-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-lumbar-spine-has-high-sensitivity-for-detection-of-acute-fractures-infection-and-malignancy
#16
Benjamin Wang, Florian J Fintelmann, Ravi S Kamath, Susan V Kattapuram, Daniel I Rosenthal
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine how a limited protocol MR examination compares to a full conventional MR examination for the detection of non-degenerative pathology such as acute fracture, infection, and malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 349 non-contrast MR exams was selected retrospectively containing a 3:1:1:1 distribution of negative/degenerative change only, acute fracture, infection, and malignancy. This resulted in an even distribution of pathology and non-pathology...
December 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680196/can-mdct-unmask-instability-in-binder-stabilized-pelvic-ring-disruptions
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
David Dreizin, Jason Nascone, Derik L Davis, Daniel Mascarenhas, Nikki Tirada, Haoxing Chen, Uttam K Bodanapally
OBJECTIVE: Pelvic binders may hinder radiologic assessment of pelvic instability after trauma, and avulsive injuries can potentially unmask instability in this setting. We compare the performance of MDCT for the detection of pelvic disruptions in patients with binders to a matched cohort without binders, and we assess the utility of avulsive injuries as signs of pelvic instability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MDCT examinations of 56 patients with binders were compared with MDCT examinations of 54 patients without binders...
December 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637569/orthopaedic-manifestations-of-congenital-indifference-to-pain-with-anhidrosis-hereditary-sensory-and-autonomic-neuropathy-type-iv
#18
Babar Kayani, Mathew David Sewell, Johnson Platinum, Andre Olivier, Timothy W R Briggs, Deborah M Eastwood
BACKGROUND: Congenital indifference to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA) is a rare hereditary neuropathy, which is associated with defective sensation to noxious stimuli and autonomic dysfunction. The objective of the study was to report on the orthopaedic manifestations of this condition and provide an evidence-based approach for management. METHODS: Retrospective review of 14 consecutive patients with CIPA referred to a single tertiary centre. Mean age of diagnosis was 2...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604617/12th-winfocus-world-congress-on-ultrasound-in-emergency-and-critical-care
#19
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604531/physeal-fractures-about-the-knee
#20
REVIEW
Rhianna M Little, Matthew D Milewski
While some fractures may be managed similarly in adults and children, physeal fractures are uniquely limited to the pediatric population and require special consideration. Although physeal fractures about the knee are relatively rare, they are occurring more frequently due to increasing youth participation in sports and high-energy recreational activities. The evaluation and management of distal femoral and proximal tibial physeal fractures are similar to one another, but fractures of the tibial spine and tibial tubercle are approached somewhat differently...
December 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
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