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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458192/magnetic-resonance-imaging-safety-in-non-conditional-pacemaker-and-defibrillator-recipients-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#1
Anand D Shah, Mike A Morris, David S Hirsh, Megan Warnock, Yijian Huang, Mike Mollerus, Faisal M Merchant, Anshul M Patel, David B Delurgio, Adarsh U Patel, Michael H Hoskins, Mikhael F El Chami, Angel R Leon, Jonathan J Langberg, Michael S Lloyd
BACKGROUND: Recommendations regarding performance of MRI in non-MRI conditional pacemaker and defibrillator recipients are evolving. Previous studies suggest low adverse event rates with MRI in non-conditional CIED recipients, but low power limits optimal characterization of risk. OBJECTIVE: In order to improve power, a systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to characterize the clinical risk associated with MRI in CIED recipients. METHODS: PUBMED and CINAHL indexed articles from 1990-2017 were queried...
February 16, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458153/eus-guided-transluminal-interventions
#2
Uzma D Siddiqui, Michael J Levy
The role of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has transitioned from a diagnostic to a therapeutic one over the past 40 years. With the advent of curvilinear array echoendoscopes in the 1990's with an accessory channel, multiple tools and devices have been developed and utilized for a variety of transluminal interventions. EUS provides a viable option and is becoming the procedure of choice for many interventions including bile and pancreatic duct drainage, guiding angiotherapy, pancreatic fluid collection management, gallbladder drainage, and creating a gastrojejunostomy...
February 16, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455939/strategies-to-facilitate-shared-decision-making-about-pediatric-oncology-clinical-trial-enrollment-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Eden G Robertson, Claire E Wakefield, Christina Signorelli, Richard J Cohn, Andrea Patenaude, Claire Foster, Tristan Pettit, Joanna E Fardell
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review to identify the strategies that have been recommended in the literature to facilitate shared decision-making regarding enrolment in pediatric oncology clinical trials. METHODS: We searched seven databases for peer-reviewed literature, published 1990-2017. Of 924 articles identified, 17 studies were eligible for the review. We assessed study quality using the 'Mixed-Methods Appraisal Tool'. We coded the results and discussions of papers line-by-line using nVivo software...
February 11, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455701/estimating-the-pathways-through-which-maternal-education-affects-stunting-evidence-from-an-urban-cohort-in-south-africa
#4
Daniela Casale, Gabriel Espi, Shane A Norris
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the determinants of stunting using rich data from a birth cohort study from urban South Africa and to examine the various mechanisms, both proximate and distal, through which maternal education affects stunting. DESIGN: Multivariate regression analysis using birth cohort data, where the outcome variable was stunting at age 2 years, and multiple mediator analysis to identify pathways from maternal education to stunting. SETTING: South Africa's largest metropolitan area, Soweto-Johannesburg...
February 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455153/the-recovery-of-estuarine-quality-and-the-perceived-increase-of-cultural-ecosystem-services-by-beach-users-a-case-study-from-northern-spain
#5
Sarai Pouso, María C Uyarra, Ángel Borja
In Europe, the quality of coastal bathing waters improved considerably in the last decades, mainly due to the more demanding legislation and the adoption of water sanitation plans. In the Nerbioi estuary (North Spain), the Wastewater Treatment Plan implemented between 1990 and 2001 resulted on an abrupt decrease in microbial concentration; thus, complying with bathing waters legislation and allowing recreational activities again in the three beaches of the estuary. However, little is known about how improvements in bathing waters influences the provision of cultural ecosystem services and human well-being...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454737/adjuvant-radiotherapy-for-positive-lymph-nodes-of-oesophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-can-it-earn-promising-benefits-at-long-term-follow-up
#6
Y Ren, J Ye, W Xiong, J Zuo, Y He, M Tan, Y Yuan
PURPOSE: The value of adjuvant radiotherapy for patients with positive lymph nodes after curative resection of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma is controversial. This study aims to investigate its long-term benefits in a specific cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The charts between 1990 and 2003 from patients with positive lymph nodes were retrospectively reviewed. Those subjects were divided into adjuvant radiotherapy and surgery alone groups, with two subgroups defined by radiation dose (cutoff value: 50Gy)...
February 14, 2018: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454606/psychosocial-outcome-in-epilepsy-after-extratemporal-surgery
#7
Katrin Walther, Müjgan Dogan Onugoren, Michael Buchfelder, Stephanie Gollwitzer, Wolfgang Graf, Burkhard S Kasper, Peter Kriwy, Katrin Kurzbuch, Johannes Lang, Karl Rössler, Stefan Schwab, Michael Schwarz, Hermann Stefan, Hajo M Hamer
OBJECTIVE: Only limited data exist on psychosocial long-term outcome after epilepsy surgery in patients with extratemporal epilepsy. The aim of this study was to investigate psychosocial outcome after extratemporal epilepsy surgery and to assess factors predicting favorable outcome. METHOD: Sixty-five out of 104 eligible patients who had undergone extratemporal epilepsy surgery at our epilepsy center between 1990 and 2015 (mean age: 42.2. years; 75% of the resections in the frontal lobe) completed a questionnaire asking about seizure status, employment status, marital and living situation, driving status, depressive symptoms, and quality of life (QOL)...
February 14, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453362/long-term-bladder-and-bowel-management-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-20-year-longitudinal-study
#8
Gordana Savic, Hans L Frankel, Mohamed Ali Jamous, Bakulesh M Soni, Susan Charlifue
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational. AIM: The aim of this study was to analyse changes in bladder and bowel management methods in persons with long-standing spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Two spinal centres in UK. METHOD: Data were collected through interviews and examinations between 1990 and 2010 in a sample of persons injured more than 20 years prior to 1990. RESULTS: For the 85 participants who completed the 2010 follow-up, the mean age was 67...
February 16, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451828/the-effect-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-epa-and-or-dha-on-male-infertility-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Banafshe Hosseini, Mahdieh Nourmohamadi, Shima Hajipour, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Zatollah Asemi, Seyed Ali Keshavarz, Sadegh Jafarnejad
The objective was to evaluate the effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on sperm parameters including total sperm concentration, sperm motility, sperm DHA, and seminal plasma DHA concentration in infertile men. The literature search was conducted in PubMed, Google Scholar, and Scopus from January 1, 1990 to December 20, 2017. The systematic review and meta-analysis were based on randomized controlled trials in infertile men with DHA or EPA treatments, either alone or in combination with other micronutrients...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447711/no-355-physiologic-basis-of-pain-in-labour-and-delivery-an-evidence-based-approach-to-its-management
#10
Julie Bonapace, Guy-Paul Gagné, Nils Chaillet, Raymonde Gagnon, Emmanuelle Hébert, Sarah Buckley
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence relating to nonpharmacological approaches in the management of pain during labour and delivery. To formulate recommendations for the usage of nonpharmacological approaches to pain management. OPTIONS: Nonpharmacological methods available for pain management during labour and delivery exist. These should be included in the counselling and care of women. EVIDENCE: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles in French and English on subjects related to "breastfeeding," "pain," "epidural," "anaesthesia," "analgesia," "labour," "labor," and combined with "gate control theory," "alternative therapies," "massage," "position," "mobility," "TENS," "bathing," "DNIC," "acupuncture," "acupressure," "sterile water injection," "higher center," "control mind," "cognitive structuring," "holistic health," "complementary therapy(ies)," "breathing," "relaxation," "mental imagery," "visualization," "mind focusing," "hypnosis," "auto-hypnosis," "sophrology," "mind and body interventions," "music," "odors," "biofeedback," "Lamaze," "Bonapace," "prenatal training," "gymnastic," "chanting," "haptonomy," "environment," "transcutaneous electrical stimulus-stimulation," "antenatal education," "support," "continuous support," "psychosocial support," "psychosomatic medicine," "supportive care," "companion," "intrapartum care," "nurse," "midwife(ves)," "father," "doula," "caregiver," " hormones," "oxytocin," "endorphin," "prolactin," "catecholamine," "adrenaline," and "noradrenaline" from 1990 to December 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447382/randomized-controlled-trial-of-acupuncture-for-women-with-fibromyalgia-group-acupuncture-with-traditional-chinese-medicine-diagnosis-based-point-selection
#11
Scott D Mist, Kim Dupree Jones
Background: Group acupuncture is a growing and cost-effective method for delivering acupuncture in the United States and is the practice model in China. However, group acupuncture has not been tested in a research setting. Objective: To test the treatment effect of group acupuncture vs group education in persons with fibromyalgia. Design: Random allocation two-group study with repeated measures. Setting: Group clinic in an academic health center in Portland, Oregon...
February 13, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447358/factors-associated-with-maternal-utilization-of-health-facilities-for-delivery-in-ethiopia
#12
Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Michael Ekholuenetale, Vaibhav Shah, Bernard Kadio, Ogochukwu Udenigwe
Background: As a signatory of the Millennium Development Goals, Ethiopia has made significant achievements towards meeting the maternal mortality related goals since 1990. Despite that, the country is still experiencing unacceptably high maternal mortality rates, and challenges to improving the coverage and utilisation of health facility delivery services which represent a key strategy to combat maternal mortality. Currently, there is limited evidence on the factors associated with health facility delivery in Ethiopia...
February 13, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447229/hiv-epidemics-in-shenzhen-and-chongqing-china
#13
Shu Yang, Alice P Y Chiu, Qianying Lin, Ziqian Zeng, Yafei Li, Yao Zhang, Zhengrong Yang, Lin Yang, Daihai He
OBJECTIVE: Men who have sex with men (MSM) and heterosexuals are the populations with the fastest growing HIV infection rates in China. We characterize the epidemic growth and age patterns between these two routes from 2004 to 2015 in Chongqing and Shenzhen, China. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were downloaded from the National HIV/ AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System. For the new HIV diagnoses of heterosexuals and MSM in both cities, we estimated the growth rates by fitting different sub-exponential models...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446079/dietary-intake-of-nutrients-involved-in-one-carbon-metabolism-and-risk-of-urothelial-cell-carcinoma-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Pierre-Antoine Dugué, Maree T Brinkman, Allison M Hodge, Julie K Bassett, Damien Bolton, Anthony Longano, John L Hopper, Melissa C Southey, Dallas R English, Roger L Milne, Graham G Giles
Nutrients involved in one-carbon metabolism may play a role in carcinogenesis through DNA replication, repair and methylation mechanisms. Most studies on urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) have focused on folate. We sought to examine the association between B-group vitamins and methionine intake and UCC risk, overall and by subtype, and to test whether these associations are different for population subgroups whose nutritional status may be compromised. We followed participants in the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study (N=41,513) for over 20 years, and observed 500 UCC cases (89% originating in the bladder; superficial: 279, invasive: 221)...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445527/drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-its-role-in-evaluation-of-the-upper-airway-obstruction-and-patient-selection-for-surgical-and-non-surgical-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Bhik Kotecha, Andrea De Vito
Sleep related breathing disorders cause obstruction of the upper airway which can be alleviated by continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, oral devices or surgical intervention. Non-surgical treatment modalities are not always accepted by patients and in order to attain successful surgical outcomes, evaluation of the upper airway is necessary to carefully select the patients who would benefit from surgery. There are numerous techniques available to assess the upper airway obstruction and these include imaging, acoustic analysis, pressure transducer recording and endoscopic evaluation...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445275/burden-of-copd-in-nepal
#16
Tara Ballav Adhikari, Dinesh Neupane, Per Kallestrup
Background: COPD is a globally significant public health problem and is the second leading cause of mortality. This study presents the health burden of COPD in Nepal using the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study 2016 dataset. Methods: This study used the data from the GBD repository presenting morbidity and mortality attributed to COPD, by sex and age. In GBD 2016, due to a lack of the primary source of data in Nepal, estimations on morbidity and mortality of COPD were based on its predictive covariates...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445194/spatially-explicit-valuation-of-coastal-wetlands-for-cyclone-mitigation-in-australia-and-china
#17
Xiaoguang Ouyang, Shing Yip Lee, Rod M Connolly, Martin J Kainz
Coastal wetlands are increasingly recognised for their pivotal role in mitigating the growing threats from cyclones (including hurricanes) in a changing climate. There is, however, insufficient information about the economic value of coastal wetlands for cyclone mitigation, particularly at regional scales. Analysis of data from 1990-2012 shows that the variation of cyclone frequencies is related to EI Niño strength in the Pacific Ocean adjacent to Australia, but not China. Among the cyclones hitting the two countries, there are significant relationships between the ratio of total economic damage to gross domestic production (TD/GDP) and wetland area within cyclone swaths in Australia, and wetland area plus minimum cyclone pressure despite a weak relationship in China...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444722/an-event-semantic-account-of-spatial-modification-in-the-acquisition-of-mandarin
#18
Xiangjun Deng, Virginia Yip
This study investigates Mandarin-speaking children's knowledge of event semantics in interpreting spatial modifiers with zai 'at' after a posture verb or before a placement verb. The event-semantic principles investigated include subevent modification (Parsons, 1990) and aspect shift (Fong, 1997). We conducted an experimental study using modified forced choice, video choice, and elicited production techniques with five groups of children (two- to six-year-olds) and an adult control group. Three-year-olds were sensitive to the ambiguity of zai-PPs with placement verbs and posture verbs, suggesting guidance from principles of aspect shift and subevent modification...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444280/prevalence-of-dementia-in-mainland-china-hong-kong-and-taiwan-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Yu-Tzu Wu, Gemma-Claire Ali, Maëlenn Guerchet, A Matthew Prina, Kit Yee Chan, Martin Prince, Carol Brayne
Background: There are several existing systematic reviews of prevalence of dementia for mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan, but several studies have been newly reported. The aim of this study is to update prevalence data in this region and test for variation across geographical areas and time periods using the new dataset. Methods: Twenty prevalence studies identified from World Alzheimer Report 2015 (January 2011-March 2015) and an updated search (March 2015-February 2017) were added to the original dataset (N = 76)...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443850/does-an-algorithmic-approach-to-using-brachytherapy-and-external-beam-radiation-result-in-good-function-local-control-rates-and-low-morbidity-in-patients-with-extremity-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#20
Jason Klein, Alex Ghasem, Samuel Huntley, Nathan Donaldson, Martin Keisch, Sheila Conway
BACKGROUND: High-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT) and external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT) are two modalities used in the treatment of soft tissue sarcoma. Previous work at our institution showed early complications and outcomes for patients treated with HDR-BT, EBRT, or a combination of both radiation therapy modalities. As the general indications for each of these approaches to radiation therapy differ, it is important to evaluate the use of each in an algorithmic way, reflecting how they are used in contemporary practice at sites that use these treatments...
March 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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