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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913486/prognostic-implications-of-single-sample-confirmatory-testing-for-undiagnosed-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Elizabeth Selvin, Dan Wang, Kunihiro Matsushita, Morgan E Grams, Josef Coresh
Background: Current clinical definitions of diabetes require repeated blood work to confirm elevated levels of glucose or hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) to reduce the possibility of a false-positive diagnosis. Whether 2 different tests from a single blood sample provide adequate confirmation is uncertain. Objective: To examine the prognostic performance of a single-sample confirmatory definition of undiagnosed diabetes. Design: Prospective cohort study...
June 19, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913325/mucosal-disease-like-lesions-caused-by-hobi-like-pestivirus-in-brazilian-calves-in-2010-2011-clinical-pathological-immunohistochemical-and-virological-characterization
#2
Raquel A S Cruz, Wagner B Rodrigues, Simone Silveira, Victor H S Oliveira, Camila Gonçalves Campos, Ronaldo V Leite Filho, Fabiana M Boabaid, David Driemeier, Cláudio W Canal, Amauri A Alfieri, Caroline A Pescador, Edson M Colodel
A HoBi-like pestivirus was first described in 2004 in a Brazilian fetal bovine serum that was exported to Germany. Nevertheless, it is believed that the virus had been present since the 1990's, when it was detected in buffalos of Brazilian origin. Reproductive and respiratory diseases have been reported since 2001 in cattle, and more recently, diseases accompanied by a clinical presentation of mucosal disease-like (MD-like lesions have been reported as well. In the present study, the authors reported the oldest case of MD--like in cattle, associated with a HoBi-like pestivirus infection...
June 11, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912691/epidemiology-and-geographic-distribution-of-blastomycosis-histoplasmosis-and-coccidioidomycosis-ontario-canada-1990-2015
#3
Elizabeth M Brown, Lisa R McTaggart, Deirdre Dunn, Elizabeth Pszczolko, Kar George Tsui, Shaun K Morris, Derek Stephens, Julianne V Kus, Susan E Richardson
Endemic mycoses represent a growing public health challenge in North America. We describe the epidemiology of 1,392 microbiology laboratory-confirmed cases of blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, and coccidioidomycosis in Ontario during 1990-2015. Blastomycosis was the most common infection (1,092 cases; incidence of 0.41 cases/100,000 population), followed by histoplasmosis (211 cases) and coccidioidomycosis (89 cases). Incidence of blastomycosis increased from 1995 to 2001 and has remained elevated, especially in the northwest region, incorporating several localized hotspots where disease incidence (10...
July 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912602/comparing-immunoglobulin-a-vasculitis-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-in-children-and-adults-a-single-centre-study-from-turkey
#4
E D Batu, A Sarı, A Erden, H E Sönmez, B Armağan, U Kalyoncu, Ö Karadağ, Y Bilginer, A Akdoğan, S Kiraz, S Özen
OBJECTIVE: Immunoglobulin A vasculitis/Henoch-Schönlein purpura (IgAV/HSP) is a systemic vasculitis involving small vessels with the deposition of immune complexes containing IgA. It is the most common primary systemic vasculitis of childhood and is much less common in adults. Our aim was to investigate the differences and similarities between adult and paediatric patients with IgAV/HSP. METHOD: We retrospectively evaluated the medical records of 35 adult and 159 paediatric (˂ 18 years old) patients with a clinical diagnosis of IgAV/HSP who were seen at the Departments of Rheumatology and Pediatric Rheumatology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey...
June 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912303/early-juvenile-htlv-1-associated-myelopathy-tropical-spastic-paraparesis-ham-tsp-study-of-25-patients
#5
Cinthya Maria Neves Varandas, José Lucas Sena da Silva, Janeusa Rita L Primo, Maria de Fátima S P de Oliveira, Otávio Moreno-Carvalho, Lourdes Farre, Achiléa L Bittencourt
Background: HTLV-1 may cause severe diseases such as HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) and infective dermatitis associated to HTLV-1 (IDH). The clinical characteristics and progression of 25 early onset HAM/TSP associated or not to IDH were described. Methods: Following-up 37 IDH patients with neurological examinations, 54% developed HAM/TSP. To these cases were added five cases of juvenile HAM/TSP. The patients were HTLV-1+ and were submitted to dermatological and neurological examinations...
April 18, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912058/a-systematic-review-of-the-operational-definitions-for-antipsychotic-response-in-delusional-disorder
#6
Alexandre González-Rodríguez, Francesc Estrada, José A Monreal, Diego Palao, Javier Labad
This review aimed to examine and analyse the definitions used for antipsychotic response in delusional disorder (DD) and to provide a discussion of the methodology used. A systematic review was performed using the PubMed, Scopus and PsycINFO databases (1990-October 2017) according to the PRISMA statement. In addition, reference searches were performed manually through identified studies to obtain other relevant articles. The search terms included 'antipsychotic response', 'antipsychotics', 'treatment response' and 'delusional disorder'...
June 14, 2018: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911880/re-examining-dominance-of-categories-in-impression-formation-a-test-of-dual-process-models
#7
Brian M Monroe, Bryan L Koenig, Kum Seong Wan, Tei Laine, Swati Gupta, Andrew Ortony
We carried out tests of the first 2 premises of the Continuum Model (CM) of impression formation (Fiske & Neuberg, 1990). These premises predict that category information will in general be more influential than noncategory information, and that the fit of noncategorical attributes with the category is a major determinant of the relative influence of these types of information. Using stimuli that included sets of (a) text items only, and (b) combinations of photos and text items, we found no support for these claims, even using alternative tests...
July 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911819/canadian-trends-in-opioid-related-mortality-and-disability-from-opioid-use-disorder-from-1990-to-2014-through-the-lens-of-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#8
Heather M Orpana, Justin J Lang, Maulik Baxi, Jessica Halverson, Nicole Kozloff, Leah Cahill, Samiah Alam, Scott Patten, Howard Morrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911514/patterns-of-diagnostic-transition-in-eating-disorders-a-longitudinal-population-study-in-sweden
#9
Katherine Schaumberg, Andreas Jangmo, Laura M Thornton, Andreas Birgegård, Catarina Almqvist, Claes Norring, Henrik Larsson, Cynthia M Bulik
BACKGROUND: Transition across eating disorder diagnoses is common, reflecting instability of specific eating disorder presentations. Previous studies have examined temporal stability of diagnoses in adult treatment-seeking samples but have not uniformly captured initial presentation for treatment. The current study examines transitions across eating disorder diagnostic categories in a large, treatment-seeking sample of individuals born in Sweden and compares these transitions across two birth cohorts and from initial diagnosis...
June 18, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907923/how-durable-are-ethnoracial-segregation-and-spatial-disadvantage-intergenerational-contextual-mobility-in-france
#10
Haley McAvay
Building on emerging research into intergenerational contextual mobility, I use longitudinal data from France (1990-2008) to investigate the extent to which second-generation immigrants and the French majority continue to live in similar neighborhood environments during childhood and adulthood. To explore the persistence of ethnoracial segregation and spatial disadvantage, I draw on two measures of neighborhood composition: the immigrant share and the unemployment rate. The analysis explores the individual and contextual factors underpinning intergenerational contextual mobility and variation across immigrant-origin groups...
June 15, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907668/longterm-outcomes-of-188-japanese-patients-with-eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis
#11
Aiko Saku, Shunsuke Furuta, Masaki Hiraguri, Kei Ikeda, Yoshihisa Kobayashi, Shin-Ichiro Kagami, Kazuhiro Kurasawa, Ryutaro Matsumura, Daiki Nakagomi, Takao Sugiyama, Takeshi Umibe, Norihiko Watanabe, Hiroshi Nakajima
OBJECTIVE: Patients with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) frequently experience relapses, which lead to cumulative organ damage. In this retrospective observational study, we aimed to reveal the risk factors for relapse in EGPA. METHODS: A total of 188 Japanese patients with EGPA diagnosed between 1996 and 2015 were identified from medical records in 10 hospitals. The diagnosis was based on the American College of Rheumatology 1990 criteria or Lanham's criteria...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906934/positional-ordering-of-hard-adsorbate-particles-in-tubular-nanopores
#12
Péter Gurin, Szabolcs Varga, Yuri Martínez-Ratón, Enrique Velasco
The phase behavior and structural properties of a monolayer of hard particles is examined in such a confinement where the adsorbed particles are constrained to the surface of a narrow hard cylindrical pore. The diameter of the pore is chosen such that only first- and second-neighbor interactions occur between the hard particles. The transfer operator method of [Percus and Zhang, Mol. Phys. 69, 347 (1990)MOPHAM0026-897610.1080/00268979000100241] is reformulated to obtain information about the structure of the monolayer...
May 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905986/bibliometric-analysis-of-100-most-cited-articles-on-oral-submucous-fibrosis
#13
Shailesh M Gondivkar, Sachin C Sarode, Amol R Gadbail, Rima S Gondivkar, Revant Chole, Gargi S Sarode
BACKGROUND: Citation analysis reflects the scientific recognition and influential performance of an article in the scientific community. The objective of this study was to identify and characterize the 100 most cited articles on oral submucous fibrosis (OSF). METHODS: A list of 100 most cited articles related to OSF was retrieved from the Science Citation Index-Expanded tool of Scopus database in May 2018.The articles were further reviewed, and basic information was recorded including the number of citations, citation density, journals, with its impact factor, category and quartile, publication year, authors, institution and country of origin, article type and level of evidence...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905514/epidemiology-of-central-nervous-system-infectious-diseases-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-with-implications-for-neurosurgeons-worldwide
#14
Faith C Robertson, Jacob R Lepard, Rania A Mekary, Matthew C Davis, Ismaeel Yunusa, William B Gormley, Ronnie E Baticulon, Muhammad Raji Mahmud, Basant K Misra, Abbas Rattani, Michael C Dewan, Kee B Park
OBJECTIVE Central nervous system (CNS) infections cause significant morbidity and mortality and often require neurosurgical intervention for proper diagnosis and treatment. However, neither the international burden of CNS infection, nor the current capacity of the neurosurgical workforce to treat these diseases is well characterized. The objective of this study was to elucidate the global incidence of surgically relevant CNS infection, highlighting geographic areas for targeted improvement in neurosurgical capacity...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905401/monitoring-pulmonary-health-in-swiss-childhood-cancer-survivors
#15
Rahel Kasteler, Linda M H Kam, Annette Weiss, Nicolas Waespe, Grit Sommer, Florian Singer, Nicolas X von der Weid, Marc Ansari, Claudia E Kuehni
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors are at increased risk for pulmonary morbidity and mortality. International guidelines recommend pulmonary function tests (PFT) during follow-up care. This nationwide study assessed how many children received PFT within 5 years after pulmotoxic treatment in Switzerland, types of tests, and predictors for testing. METHODS: We included all children from the Swiss Childhood Cancer Registry who were diagnosed with cancer from 1990 to 2013 at age 0-16 years, survived for ≥2 years from diagnosis, and had pulmotoxic chemotherapy with bleomycin, busulfan, nitrosoureas, and/or chest radiotherapy...
June 15, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905399/my-twenty-years-in-microwave-chemistry-from-kitchen-ovens-to-microwaves-that-aren-t-microwaves
#16
REVIEW
C Oliver Kappe
This Personal Account describes the author's involvement in the field of microwave-assisted organic synthesis (MAOS) from the late 1990's starting out with kitchen microwave ovens right through to the development of a reactor in 2016 that - although not using microwave technology - in many ways mimics the performance of a modern laboratory microwave. The reader is taken along a journey that has spanned two decades of intense research on various aspects of microwave chemistry, and, at the same time, was intimately linked to key innovations regarding equipment design and development...
June 15, 2018: Chemical Record: An Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903509/the-impact-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-among-patients-with-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma
#17
Stefan Buettner, Gaya Spolverato, Charles W Kimbrough, Sorin Alexandrescu, Hugo P Marques, Jorge Lamelas, Luca Aldrighetti, T Clark Gamblin, Shishir K Maithel, Carlo Pulitano, Matthew Weiss, Todd W Bauer, Feng Shen, George A Poultsides, J Wallis Marsh, Jan N M IJzermans, Bas Groot Koerkamp, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelets-to-lymphocyte ratio may be host factors associated with prognosis. We sought to determine whether neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelets-to-lymphocyte ratio were associated with overall survival among patients undergoing surgery for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS: Patients who underwent resection for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma between 1990 and 2015 were identified from 12 major centers. Clinicopathologic factors and overall survival were compared among patients stratified by neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelets-to-lymphocyte ratio...
June 11, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902989/adversities-and-mental-health-needs-of-pregnant-adolescents-in-kenya-identifying-interpersonal-practical-and-cultural-barriers-to-care
#18
Judith Osok, Pius Kigamwa, Keng-Yen Huang, Nancy Grote, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancies present a great public health burden in Kenya and Sub-Saharan Africa (UNFPA, Motherhood in Childhood: Facing the challenge of Adolescent Pregnancy, 2013). The disenfranchisement from public institutions and services is further compounded by cultural stigma and gender inequality creating emotional, psychosocial, health, and educational problems in the lives of vulnerable pregnant adolescents (Int J Adolesc Med Health 15(4):321-9, 2003; BMC Public Health 8:83, 2008)...
June 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902821/lithium-clinics-in-berlin-and-dresden-a-50-year-experience
#19
Werner Felber, Michael Bauer, Ute Lewitzka, Bruno Müller-Oerlinghausen
Although lithium's serendipitous discovery as a medication for depression dates back more than 200 years, the first scientific evidence that it prevents mania and depression arose only in the 1960s. However, at that time there was a lack of knowledge about how to administer and monitor lithium therapy safely and properly. The lithium clinics in Dresden and Berlin were remarkably similar in their beginnings in the late 1960s regarding patient numbers and scientific expertise without being aware of one another due to the Iron Curtain separating Germany into a western and eastern part until 1990...
June 14, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902411/population-attributable-fractions-of-perinatal-outcomes-for-nulliparous-women-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity-1990-2014
#20
Jodie Bailie, Jacqueline A Boyle, Ross S Bailie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
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