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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822263/the-most-important-factor-in-producing-clubhead-speed-in-golf
#1
Christopher Joyce
Substantial experiential research into x-factor, and to a lesser extent crunch-factor has been undertaken with the aim of increasing clubhead speed. However, a direct comparison of the golf swing kinematics associated with each 'factor' has not, and possible differences when using a driver compared to an iron. Fifteen low handicap male golfers who displayed a modern swing had their golf swing kinematic data measured when hitting their own driver and five-iron, using a 10-camera motion analysis system operating at 250Hz...
August 16, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820185/can-lester-jones-tubes-be-tolerated-for-decades
#2
R L Scawn, D H Verity, G E Rose
PurposeLester Jones described canalicular bypass tubes 50 years ago. We present a cohort of patients with Jones' tubes first placed between 1969 and 1989, and who were reviewed within the last 15 years.Patients and methodsRetrospective case-note review for living patients identified as having had Jones' tube placement prior to 1990. The duration of Jones' tube usage was noted and the number of replacements recorded.ResultsTwenty-nine patients (33 eyes) had maintenance of their Jones' tube(s) within the last 15 years, and had first tube placement before 1990...
August 18, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820030/epidemiology-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-united-states-implications-for-the-perfusion-profession-a-2017-update
#3
Joseph J Sistino, David C Fitzgerald
INTRODUCTION: By analyzing epidemiological trends in cardiovascular disease (CVD), key stakeholders can make informed decisions on the future of disease burden and treatment. Accordingly, the cardiovascular perfusion community would benefit from data that would help predict future professional resource utilization. METHODS: In 2003, the changes in the number of hospital discharges for CVD from 1990 to 2000 were published, based on data from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)...
September 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818961/an-analogy-between-socioeconomic-deprivation-level-and-loss-of-health-from-adverse-effects-of-medical-treatment-in-england
#4
Raimundas Lunevicius, Juanita A Haagsma
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to show whether and how levels, trends and patterns obtained from estimates of premature deaths from adverse effects (AEs) of medical treatment depended on the deprivation level in England over the 24-year period, 1990-2013. We provide a report to inform decision-making strategies to reduce the burden of disease arising from AEs of medical treatment in the most deprived areas of the country. METHODS: Comparative analysis was driven by a single cause-of-injury category-AEs of medical treatment-from the Global Burden of Disease 2013 study...
August 17, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818090/trends-in-maternal-and-neonatal-mortality-in-south-africa-a-systematic-review-protocol
#5
Damian J Damian, Bernard Njau, Ester Lisasi, Sia E Msuya, Andrew Boulle
BACKGROUND: Measuring and monitoring progress towards Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5 requires valid and reliable estimates of maternal and neonatal mortality. In South Africa, there are conflicting reports on the estimates of maternal and neonatal mortality, derived from both direct and indirect estimation techniques. This study aims to systematically review the estimates made of maternal and neonatal mortality in the period from 1990 to 2015 in South Africa and determine trends over this period...
August 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817409/trest-as-a-new-diagnostic-variable-for-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-of-the-forearm-a-prospective-cohort-analysis-of-124-athletes
#6
Sergi Barrera-Ochoa, Eva Correa-Vazquez, Irene Gallardo-Calero, Sleiman Haddad, Andrea Sallent, Francisco Soldado, David Campillo-Recio, Xavier Mir-Bullo
OBJECTIVES: To measure the accuracy of currently used intracompartmental pressure (ICP) diagnostic variables for forearm chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) and a new ICP diagnostic variable, TRest, the recovery time between the maximum ICP and return to resting pressure. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. Level evidence IV. SETTING: University-affiliated tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with suspected forearm CECS, 1990 to 2014...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816137/high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-in-the-management-of-operable-rectal-cancer-a-systematic-review
#7
Hannah Buckley, Charles Wilson, Thankamma Ajithkumar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of high-dose-rate endorectal brachytherapy (HDREBT) in the preoperative and definitive management of operable rectal cancer in terms of clinical outcomes and toxicities using a systematic review. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A review of published articles from January 1990 to December 2016 was conducted using the PubMed, Embase, and Scopus databases using the search terms "rectal" or "rectum" in combination with "brachytherapy," "high dose rate," "HDR," and "endorectal...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816093/vascular-complications-following-intra-aortic-balloon-pump-implantation-an-updated-review
#8
Monique M de Jong, Roberto Lorusso, Fatima Al Awami, Francesco Matteuci, Orlando Parise, Pieter Lozekoot, Massimo Bonacchi, Jos G Maessen, Daniel M Johnson, Sandro Gelsomino
BACKGROUND: The use of the intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) as a support device remains controversial due to the fact that a number of studies have shown no benefit in end mortality whilst using this device. One of the reasons for this could be the increase in vascular complications when using the pump. Therefore, the aim of the present review was to assess the current literature available with regards to IABP vascular complications during the clinical situation. METHODS: A literature search was performed, searching for IABP complications in adult human studies between 1990 and 2016...
August 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815801/chronic-widespread-pain-prevalence-in-the-general-population-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
P Andrews, M Steultjens, J Riskowski
Chronic widespread pain (CWP) is a significant burden in communities. Understanding the impact of population-dependent (e.g., age, gender) and contextual-dependent (e.g. survey method, region, inequality level) factors have on CWP prevalence may provide a foundation for population-based strategies to address CWP. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to estimate the global prevalence of CWP and evaluate the population and contextual factors associated with CWP. A systematic review of CWP prevalence studies (1990-2017) in the general population was undertaken...
August 17, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815780/prognostic-significance-of-e-cadherin-and-%C3%AE-catenin-expression-in-hpv-negative-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinomas
#10
Juana M García-Pedrero, Patricia García-Cabo, M Ángeles Villaronga, Francisco Hermida-Prado, Rocío Granda-Díaz, Eva Allonca, Juan P Rodrigo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this work was to investigate the prognostic significance of E-cadherin and β-catenin expression in surgically treated human papillomavirus (HPV)-negative patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS: Consecutive patients with oropharyngeal SCC who underwent surgical treatment between 1990 and 2009 were retrospectively collected. Immunohistochemical analysis of E-cadherin and β-catenin expression was performed on tissue microarrays...
August 17, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815519/over-six-decades-of-discovery-and-characterization-of-the-architecture-at-mitochondria-associated-membranes-mams
#11
Maria Sol Herrera-Cruz, Thomas Simmen
The discovery of proteins regulating ER-mitochondria tethering including phosphofurin acidic cluster sorting protein 2 (PACS-2) and mitofusin-2 has pushed contact sites between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria into the spotlight of cell biology. While the field is developing rapidly and controversies have come and gone multiple times during its history, it is sometimes overlooked that significant research has been done decades ago with the original discovery of these structures in the 1950s and the first characterization of their function (and coining of the term mitochondria-associated membrane, MAM) in 1990...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814845/texture-modified-food-and-fluids-in-dementia-and-residential-aged-care-facilities
#12
REVIEW
Virginia Painter, David G Le Couteur, Louise M Waite
INTRODUCTION: Dysphagia is common in people living with dementia and associated with increased risk of aspiration pneumonia, dehydration, malnutrition, and death. Treatment options are limited and the use of texture-modified food and fluids (TMF) is a widespread clinical practice. This review aimed to evaluate the evidence for TMF in dementia. METHODS: A literature search using terms "dysphagia," "texture-modified food and fluids," "dementia," and "aged care" was performed by using three electronic databases from 1990 to March 2017...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814534/clinician-attitudes-to-pain-and-use-of-analgesia-in-cattle-where-are-we-10-years-on
#13
John G Remnant, Alex Tremlett, Jon N Huxley, Chris D Hudson
Pain in cattle can arise though disease or injury or may result from veterinary or husbandry procedures. Controlling pain is important to safeguard animal welfare. Previous studies indicated that the use of analgesics in cattle has lagged behind use in companion animals. Over the last decade, more analgesic products have become available for use in cattle and there have been increased efforts to communicate the importance and benefits of analgesia. A questionnaire (based on that used in a similar study published in 2006) was sent to UK cattle practitioners asking them to score pain severity for several conditions of cattle and asking about their attitudes towards and use of analgesic medicines...
August 16, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812835/impact-of-health-research-systems-on-under-5-mortality-rate-a-trend-analysis
#14
Bahareh Yazdizadeh, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Reza Majdzadeh, Sima Nikooee
BACKGROUND: Between 1990 and 2015, under-5 mortality rate (U5MR) declined by 53%, from an estimated rate of 91 deaths per 1000 live births to 43, globally. The aim of this study was to determine the share of health research systems in this decrease alongside other influential factors. METHODS: We used random effect regression models including the 'random intercept' and 'random intercept and random slope' models to analyze the panel data from 1990 to 2010. We selected the countries with U5MRs falling between the first and third quartiles in 1990...
November 26, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812330/black-and-minority-ethnic-group-involvement-in-health-and-social-care-research-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Shoba Dawson, Stephen M Campbell, Sally J Giles, Rebecca L Morris, Sudeh Cheraghi-Sohi
BACKGROUND: Patient and public involvement (PPI) in research is growing internationally, but little is known about black and minority ethnic (BME) involvement and the factors influencing their involvement in health and social care research. OBJECTIVES: To characterize and critique the empirical literature on BME-PPI involvement in health and social care research. SEARCH STRATEGY: Systematic searches of six electronic bibliographic databases were undertaken, utilizing both MeSH and free-text terms to identify international empirical literature published between 1990 and 2016...
August 15, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812238/women-s-progress-for-men-s-gain-gender-specific-changes-in-the-return-to-education-as-measured-by-family-standard-of-living-1990-to-2009-2011
#16
ChangHwan Kim, Arthur Sakamoto
This study investigates gender-specific changes in the total financial return to education among persons of prime working ages (35-44 years) using U.S. Census data from 1990 and 2000, and the 2009-2011 American Community Survey. We define the total financial return to education as the family standard of living as measured by family income adjusted for family size. Our results indicate that women experienced significant progress in educational attainment and labor market outcomes over this time period. Ironically, married women's progress in education and personal earnings has led to greater improvement in the family standard of living for married men than for women themselves...
August 15, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811221/is-the-hype-around-the-reproductive-health-claims-of-maca-lepidium-meyenii-walp-justified
#17
REVIEW
Shruti Beharry, Michael Heinrich
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Maca - Lepidium meyenii Walp has been cultivated and used by Andean people for over 1,300 to 2000 years in Peru as food and medicine. Starting in the late 1990's it has developed into an important herbal medicine in China and is now cultivated there widely, too. AIM OF STUDY: This study aims to provide an insight into the emergence of maca on the global market as an alternative remedy to treat reproductive health related problems in both men and women and to critically assess these health claims...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811081/prognostic-value-of-who-grade-in-pancreatic-neuro-endocrine-tumors-in-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-1-results-from-the-dutchmen1-study-group
#18
Elfi B Conemans, Lodewijk A A Brosens, Gabriela M Raicu-Ionita, Carolina R C Pieterman, Wouter W de Herder, Olaf M Dekkers, Ad R Hermus, Anouk N van der Horst-Schrivers, Peter H Bisschop, Bas Havekes, Madeleine L Drent, H Th Marc Timmers, G Johan Offerhaus, Gerlof D Valk, Menno R Vriens
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of WHO grade in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs) in patients with Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (MEN1) is unknown. METHODS: We performed a cohort study using the Dutch National MEN1 database, which includes >90% of the Dutch MEN1 population with data collected between 1990 and 2014. Formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue blocks from the largest resected PanNET per patient were collected. MIB1 staining was performed and KI67 labeling index (LI) was determined by manual eye-counting under a microscope and by digital image analysis...
July 31, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811078/mentoring-models-in-neurosurgical-training-review-of-literature
#19
REVIEW
Taiwo Akhigbe, Ardalan Zolnourian, Diederik Bulters
BACKGROUND: Effective mentoring is an invaluable element in the development of next generation of neurosurgeons. A mentor helps to develop professional core values, technical and non-technical skills, attitudes and disposition required to be qualified and competent neurosurgeon. Giving the invaluable significance of mentoring in neurosurgery, we undertook this literature review to identify mentoring models evaluating its success and relative benefit. METHODS: Literature search identified using MeSH word 'mentor', mentoring, mentorship, mentoring model, neurosurgery' in MEDLINE, EMBASE and Scopus databases from 1990 to 2016...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810511/estimation-of-the-proximity-of-private-domestic-wells-to-underground-storage-tanks-oklahoma-pilot-study
#20
James W Weaver, Andrew R Murray, Fran V Kremer
For protecting drinking water supplies, the locations of areas with reliance on private domestic wells (hereafter referred to as "wells") and their relationship to contaminant sources need to be determined. A key resource in the U.S. was the 1990 Census where the source of domestic drinking water was a survey question. Two methods are developed to update estimates of the areal density of well use using readily accessible data. The first uses well logs reported to the states and the addition of housing units reported to the Census Bureau at the county, census tract and census block group scales...
August 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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