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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340488/national-and-sub-national-age-sex-specific-and-cause-specific-mortality-and-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-attributable-to-household-air-pollution-from-solid-cookfuel-use-hap-in-iran-1990-2013
#1
Mehrnoosh Abtahi, Ali Koolivand, Sina Dobaradaran, Kamyar Yaghmaeian, Anoushiravan Mohseni-Bandpei, Shokooh Sadat Khaloo, Sahand Jorfi, Reza Saeedi
National and sub-national mortality, years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs) and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for household air pollution from solid cookfuel use (HAP) in Iran, 1990-2013 were estimated based on the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013). The burden of disease attributable to HAP was quantified by the comparative risk assessment method using four inputs: (1) exposure to HAP, (2) the theoretical minimum risk exposure level (TMREL), (3) exposure-response relationships of related causes (4) disease burden of related causes...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340256/sleep-disturbance-of-adults-with-a-brain-tumor-and-their-family-caregivers-a-systematic-review
#2
Megan Soohwa Jeon, Haryana M Dhillon, Meera R Agar
The high incidence and psychophysiological morbidities of sleep disturbance in cancer have been increasingly recognized. Yet, more detailed understanding of sleep disturbance and options for management have been neglected areas in both clinical care and research. Brain tumor patients have been particularly overlooked. A systematic search of the literature from 1990 to 2015 was performed to review sleep disturbance in adults with primary or secondary brain tumor and their family caregivers. Fifty eligible studies were identified, of which 12 focused on sleep, 37 reported sleep items within a health-related quality of life measure and 1 reported caregivers' sleep...
March 15, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339883/interventions-to-improve-immigrant-health-a-scoping-review
#3
Esperanza Diaz, Gaby Ortiz-Barreda, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Michelle Holdsworth, Bukola Salami, Anu Rammohan, Roger Yat-Nork Chung, Sabu S Padmadas, Thomas Krafft
: Disparities in health between immigrants and their host populations have been described across countries and continents. Hence, interventions for improving health targeting general populations are not necessarily effective for immigrants. To conduct a systematic search of the literature evaluating health interventions for immigrants; to map the characteristics of identified studies including range of interventions, immigrant populations and their host countries, clinical areas targeted and reported evaluations, challenges and limitations of the interventions identified...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339521/effect-of-fibromyalgia-symptoms-on-outcome-of-spinal-surgery
#4
Jacob N Ablin, Mark Berman, Valerie Aloush, Gilad Regev, Khalil Salame, Dan Buskila, Zvi Lidar
Objectives. : To evaluate the effect of presurgical symptoms characteristic of fibromyalgia on the postsurgical outcome of patients undergoing spinal surgery. Methods. : In this observational cohort study, participants were patients scheduled for spinal surgery, including cervical or lumbar laminectomy and foraminectomy. Presurgical evaluation included physical examination and manual dolorimetry. Questionnaires included the widespread pain index (WPI), symptom severity scale (SSS), and SF-36...
October 22, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339434/platelet-rich-plasma-in-musculoskeletal-pathology-a-necessary-rescue-or-a-lost-cause
#5
Annu Navani, Gang Li, Joshua Chrystal
BACKGROUND: Platelet rich plasma (PRP) has been used for decades to facilitate surgical tissue repair; therefore, the current trend of percutaneously injecting PRP to theoretically enhance tissue regeneration and repair is a logical progression. Applications include treatment of osteoarthritis, tendinopathy, chondropathy, acute and chronic soft tissue injuries, muscle or ligament tear, as well as enhancement of healing after bone or tissue reconstruction. However, there is limited evidence to support the use of PRP in the abovementioned conditions...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338905/the-reverse-j-shaped-association-between-serum-total-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentration-and-all-cause-mortality-the-impact-of-assay-standardization
#6
Ramón A Durazo-Arvizu, Bess Dawson-Hughes, Holly Kramer, Guichan Cao, Joyce Merkel, Paul M Coates, Christopher T Sempos
We evaluated the impact of standardizing the originally measured serum total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) values from Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III, 1988-1994) on the association between 25(OH)D and rate of all-cause mortality. Values were standardized to the gold-standard laboratory method. Follow-up from 1990-2006 consisted of 15,099 participants aged at least 20 years at baseline, among whom there were 3,784 deaths. Relative risk of death was adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, and season using Poisson regression...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338879/evidence-for-detection-bias-by-medication-use-in-a-cohort-study-of-breast-cancer-survivors
#7
Heidi S Wirtz, Gregory S Calip, Diana S M Buist, Julie R Gralow, William E Barlow, Shelly Gray, Denise M Boudreau
In previous studies, we found modestly decreased and increased risks of second breast cancer events with the use of statins and antibiotics, respectively, after adjustment for surveillance mammography. We evaluated detection bias by comparing receipt of surveillance mammography among users of these 2 disparate classes of medication. Adult women diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer during 1990-2008 (n = 3,965) while enrolled in an integrated health-care plan (Group Health Cooperative; Washington State) were followed for up to 10 years in the Commonly Used Medications and Breast Cancer Outcomes (COMBO) Study...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338817/risk-factor-models-for-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-children-born-very-preterm-or-with-very-low-birth-weight-a-systematic-review-of-methodology-and-reporting
#8
Louise Linsell, Reem Malouf, Joan Morris, Jennifer J Kurinczuk, Neil Marlow
The prediction of long-term outcomes in surviving infants born very preterm (VPT) or with very low birth weight (VLBW) is necessary to guide clinical management, provide information to parents, and help target and evaluate interventions. There is a large body of literature describing risk factor models for neurodevelopmental outcomes in VPT/VLBW children, yet few, if any, have been developed for use in routine clinical practice or adopted for use in research studies or policy evaluation. We sought to systematically review the methods and reporting of studies that have developed a multivariable risk factor model for neurodevelopment in surviving VPT/VLBW children...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338497/using-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-and-serotonin-norepinephrine-reuptake-inhibitors-in-critical-care-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-for-benefit-or-harm
#9
John M Kelly, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Neil Masson, Arimie Min, Neill K J Adhikari
OBJECTIVE: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor/serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors are among the most commonly prescribed drugs in patients admitted to the ICU. Our objective was to systematically review available literature for evidence of benefit or harm in ICU patients resulting from chronic effects, continued use, or withdrawal. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (1990 to November 2014). STUDY SELECTION: We searched for studies of ICU patients with recorded selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor/serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor prescription before or during admission, and reporting morbidity, mortality, adverse events, and resource measures like ICU length of stay...
March 23, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338351/worldwide-impact-of-warmer-seasons-on-the-on-the-incidence-of-renal-colic-and-kidney-stone-disease-ksd-evidence-from-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#10
Robert Geraghty, Silvia Proietti, Olivier Traxer, Matthew Archer, Bhaskar K Somani
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have examined the link between temperature or monthly-seasonal variations and urolithiasis. The majority of these studies have demonstrated a link between higher ambient monthly temperatures and the incidence of renal colic and kidney stone disease (KSD). However a worldwide trend on this association has not been explored and we perform a systematic review to examine the effect of seasonal variations on renal colic and KSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of literature over a 26-year period (1990-2017) was conducted on all studies reporting on the effect of seasonal variations and its link to KSD...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338242/what-can-community-pharmacy-learn-from-the-experiences-of-transition-to-practice-for-novice-doctors-and-nurses-a-narrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Esnath Magola, Sarah C Willis, Ellen I Schafheutle
OBJECTIVES: In the absence of literature reporting the transition experiences of novice community pharmacists, peer-reviewed evidence on the transition experiences of novice doctors and nurses was identified and reviewed. Specific objectives included identifying the challenges to transition and their perceived impact, before considering the implications for novice community pharmacists. METHODS: The electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and ScienceDirect were searched for full peer-reviewed original research papers published 1990-March 2015, reporting the transition experiences of novice doctors and nurses...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337942/is-fetal-analgesia-necessary-during-prenatal-surgery
#12
C V Bellieni, S Vannuccini, F Petraglia
Fetal anesthesia is still matter of debate: some authors hypothesize that several intrauterine endogenous neuroinhibitors (ENIn) anesthetize the fetus, keeping it in a constant state of sleep, and making pharmacological fetal anaesthesia useless for fetal surgery. AIM: To retrieve evidences about fetal pain, fetal arousability and about the level of sedation induced by the ENIn, in order to assess the necessity of direct fetal anesthesia during prenatal fetal surgery. METHODS: We performed a careful literature review (1990-2016) on fetal arousability, and on the possibility that ENIn at the average fetal blood levels induce actual anesthesia...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337230/health-related-quality-of-life-assessment-among-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-after-surgery-review
#13
REVIEW
Grażyna Bączyk, Dorota Formanowicz, Łukasz Gmerek, Piotr Krokowicz
Aim of the work was to review systematically the published literature addressing whether quality of life (QoL) and health-related QoL (HRQoL) are influenced by surgery among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Electronic databases and published articles were searched to identify relevant studies published in the years 1990-2015. Then, a multistep selection was undertaken to identify articles that met specific selection criteria, such us specific key-words (IBD, HRQoL, ulcerative colitis (UC), Crohn's disease (CD), and surgery), and the population was assessed (studies concerning patients < 18 years old were excluded)...
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336466/global-trends-and-predictions-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-mortality
#14
Paola Bertuccio, Federica Turati, Greta Carioli, Teresa Rodriguez, Carlo La Vecchia, Matteo Malvezzi, Eva Negri
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been one of the few cancers showing upward trends over recent decades in most countries, and is the third cause of cancer death worldwide. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We updated global trends in HCC mortality to 2014, and predicted trends in rates in the EU, USA and Japan to 2020, using data from the World Health Organization database. RESULTS: In EU men, mortality rates were stable in the last decade around 3...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336380/risk-prediction-models-for-incident-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-of-methodology-and-model-performance
#15
REVIEW
Berhe W Sahle, Alice J Owen, Ken Lee Chin, Christopher M Reid
BACKGROUND: Numerous models predicting the risk of incident heart failure (HF) have been developed, however evidence of their methodological rigour and reporting remains unclear. This study critically appraises the methods underpinning incident HF risk prediction models. METHODS AND RESULTS: EMBASE and PubMed were searched for articles published between 1990 and June 2016 that reported at least one multivariable model for prediction of HF. Model development information, including study design, variable coding, missing data, and predictor selection, was extracted...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334970/expenditure-tracking-and-review-of-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-policy-in-pakistan
#16
Muhammad Ashar Malik, Abdul Sattar Nahyoun, Arjumand Rizvi, Zaid Ahmad Bhatti, Zulfiqar Ahmad Bhutta
Since 2001 substantial resources have been allocated to the reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health sector (RMNCH) in Pakistan. Many new programmes have been started and coverage of some existing programmes has been extended to un-served and rural areas. Despite these efforts the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5 were not achieved (2000-15). Maternal Mortality Ratio was reduced to 170 per 100 000 live births (target 100) by 2013 at an annual reduction rate of 3.6% (1990-2013). Against the target of 46 per 1000 live births, the Under Five Mortality Rate was reduced to 81 per 1000 live births by 2015 at an annual reduction rate of 2...
March 15, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334411/first-report-of-mating-disruption-with-an-aggregation-pheromone-a-case-study-with-tetropium-fuscum-coleoptera-cerambycidae
#17
Jon Sweeney, Peter J Silk, Marc Rhainds, Wayne MacKay, Cory Hughes, Kate Van Rooyen, Wayne MacKinnon, Gaetan Leclair, Steve Holmes, Edward G Kettela
Tetropium fuscum (F.), native to Europe and established in Nova Scotia, Canada, since at least 1990, is considered a low-to-moderate threat to spruce (Picea spp.) forests in North America and regulated as a quarantine pest by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency. We tested broadcast applications of the aggregation pheromone racemic (5E)-6,10-dimethyl-5,9-undecadien-2-ol (fuscumol), formulated at 10% concentration in Hercon Bio-Flakes (Hercon International, Emigsville, PA), for efficacy in disrupting T. fuscum mating and suppressing populations...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333013/the-risk-of-radiation-induced-tumors-or-malignant-transformation-after-single-fraction-intracranial-radiosurgery-results-based-on-a-25-year-experience
#18
Bruce E Pollock, Michael J Link, Scott L Stafford, Ian F Parney, Yolanda I Garces, Robert L Foote
PURPOSE: To determine the risk of radiation-induced tumors or malignant transformation after single-fraction intracranial stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). METHODS AND MATERIALS: We performed a retrospective review of 1837 patients who received single-fraction SRS for arteriovenous malformation or benign tumor (meningioma, vestibular schwannoma, pituitary adenoma, glomus tumor) at a single center between 1990 and 2009. Patients were excluded if they refused research authorization (n=31), had a genetic predisposition to tumor development (n=84), received prior or concurrent radiation therapy (n=79), or had less than 5 years of imaging follow-up after SRS (n=501)...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332559/the-immunogenetics-of-narcolepsy-associated-with-a-h1n1-pdm09-vaccination-pandemrix-supports-a-potent-gene-environment-interaction
#19
I L Bomfim, F Lamb, K Fink, A Szakács, A Silveira, L Franzén, V Azhary, M Maeurer, N Feltelius, N Darin, T Hallböök, L Arnheim-Dahlström, I Kockum, T Olsson
The influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccination campaign from 2009 to 2010 was associated with a sudden increase in the incidence of narcolepsy in several countries. Narcolepsy with cataplexy is strongly associated with the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II DQB1*06:02 allele, and protective associations with the DQB1*06:03 allele have been reported. Several non-HLA gene loci are also associated, such as common variants of the T-cell receptor-α (TRA), the purinergic receptor P2RY11, cathepsin H (CTSH) and TNFSF4/OX40L/CD252...
March 23, 2017: Genes and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332463/development-assistance-for-health-critiques-proposals-and-prospects-for-change
#20
Suerie Moon, Oluwatosin Omole
After a 'golden age' of extraordinary growth in the level of development assistance for health (DAH) since 1990, funding seems to have reached a plateau. With the launch of the Sustainable Development Goals, debate has intensified regarding what international financing for health should look like in the post-2015 era. In this review paper, we offer a systematic overview of problems and proposals for change. Major critiques of the current DAH system include: that the total volume of financing is inadequate; financial flows are volatile and uncertain; DAH may not result in additional resources for health; too small a proportion of DAH is transferred to recipient countries; inappropriate priority setting; inadequate coordination; weak mechanisms for accountability; and disagreement on the rationale for DAH...
April 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
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