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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933638/nursing-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-in-hospitalized-patients-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Z Kazemzadeh, Z S Manzari, Z Pouresmail
AIM: This study aimed to clarify the role of nurses in planning and implementation of nursing interventions related to smoking cessation. BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION: Nearly half of all smokers die from smoking-related illnesses. Quitting smoking can reduce these problems. Smoking cessation interventions include various types helping smokers successfully quit. Studies suggest that hospitalization can be a golden opportunity for nurses helping patients to quit smoking because of No Smoking regulations...
December 9, 2016: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933511/appraisal-of-the-quality-and-contents-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-hypertension-management-in-chinese-medicine-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Ya Yuwen, Xue-Jie Han, Wei-Liang Weng, Xue-Yao Zhao, Yu-Qi Liu, Wei-Qiang Li, Da-Sheng Liu, Yan-Ping Wang, Ai-Ping Lu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality and consistency of recommendations in the clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for hypertension in Chinese medicine (CM). METHODS: CM CPGs were identified from 5 electronic databases and hand searches through related handbooks published from January 1990 to December 2013. Three reviewers independently appraised the CPGs based on the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) instrument, and compared the CPGs' recommendations on CM syndrome pattern classification and treatment...
December 9, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932925/discovery-of-a-new-world-ladybird-beetle-nephaspis-indus-gordon-1996-coleoptera-coccinellidae-scymnini-on-the-island-of-taiwan
#3
Xiaosheng Chen, Xiufeng Xie, Shunxiang Ren, Xingmin Wang
BACKGROUND: Nephaspis indus Gordon, 1996 was imported into Taiwan from Hawaii in 1990 as a biological control agent for the spiralling whitefly, Aleurodicus dispersus Russell, 1965 (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). However, its establishment was not known prior to this study. NEW INFORMATION: Nephaspis indus Gordon, 1996, a natural enemy of Aleurodicus dispersus Russell (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) native to the Neotropical region, is recorded as established in Taiwan for the first time...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932631/dying-in-the-hospital-setting-a-meta-synthesis-identifying-the-elements-of-end-of-life-care-that-patients-and-their-families-describe-as-being-important
#4
REVIEW
Claudia Virdun, Tim Luckett, Karl Lorenz, Patricia M Davidson, Jane Phillips
BACKGROUND: Despite most expected deaths occurring in hospital, optimal end-of-life care is not available for all in this setting. AIM: To gain a richer and deeper understanding of elements of end-of-life care that consumers consider most important within the hospital setting. DESIGN: A meta-synthesis. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of Academic Search Complete, AMED, CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, PubMed, Google, Google Scholar and CareSearch for qualitative studies published between 1990 and April 2015 reporting statements by consumers regarding important elements of end-of-life hospital care...
December 8, 2016: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932153/a-heartbreaking-renal-transplantation-is-norepinephrine-the-culprit-to-blame
#5
M G Vailas, S Vernadakis, K Kakavia, I Paizis, J Bokos, J Boletis, G Zavos
INTRODUCTION: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM), also known as "broken heart syndrome," "apical ballooning syndrome," and "stress-induced cardiomyopathy," was first described in Japanese patients in 1990 by Sato et al. TCM is an increasingly recognized syndrome characterized by transient and reversible systolic dysfunction of the apical and middle segments of the left ventricle. This syndrome resembles acute myocardial infarction in the absence of evident coronary artery occlusion. Herein, we present a case of a 51-year-old male who underwent his second deceased-donor renal transplantation for end-stage-renal-disease due to a work-related accident...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932127/recurrent-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-liver-transplantation-analysis-of-risk-factors
#6
E Perea Del Pozo, C Bernal Bellido, M Sendín Matín, C Cepeda Franco, J M Álamo Martínez, G Suarez Artacho, L M Marín Gómez, J Padillo Ruiz, M Á Gomez Bravo
BACKGROUND: Survival after orthotopic liver transplantation (LT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is influenced by tumor recurrence. This study examines the survival of patients who underwent LT for HCC and developed recurrence of tumor after transplantation. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of the 200 patients who underwent LT secondary to HCC from 1990 to 2014. We excluded 19 patients from the study owing to early postoperative deaths in the 1st month...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932122/analysis-of-the-first-1000-liver-transplants-in-virgen-del-roc%C3%A3-o-hospital
#7
J Tinoco-González, G Suárez-Artacho, C Bernal-Bellido, C Cepeda-Franco, I Ramallo-Solis, L Marín-Gómez, J M Álamo-Martínez, J Serrano-Díez-Canedo, J Padillo-Ruíz, M A Gómez-Bravo
The goal of this work has been to analyze the first 1000 liver transplantations (LTs) performed in the Virgen del Rocío Hospital of Seville and to evaluate the changes in that time. We included 916 patients who had 1000 LTs. We distinguish 2 stages in the follow-up: the first stage, between 1990 and 2002, and the second, from 2003 to 2013 (Model for End-stage Liver Disease [MELD] stage). We analyzed recipient features, LT indications, donation criteria, surgical technique, complications, and survival both for patients and grafts...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932116/surgical-complications-in-en-bloc-renal-transplantation
#8
M A Moreno de la Higuera Díaz, N Calvo Romero, I Pérez-Flores, M Calvo Arévalo, B Rodríguez Cubillo, A Shabaka, V López de la Manzanara, Á Gómez Vegas, J Blázquez Izquierdo, A I Sánchez-Fructuoso
En bloc pediatric transplantation (EBPT) began with the aim of increasing the donor pool due to the existing high demand for donors. At its inception, it was considered a type of suboptimal transplantation due to its association with a high incidence of vascular, urologic, and immunologic complications. The main objective of this study was to update information on EBPT with the largest case series that exists on a worldwide scale. In a retrospective study, the results obtained from brain-dead donors (BDDs; n = 770) were compared to those of EBPT (n = 100) from January 1990 to December 2012...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932100/more-than-1000-kidney-transplants-performed-in-pamplona-navarra-data-from-the-collaborative-transplant-study
#9
P L Martin Moreno, N Garcia Fernandez, F J Lavilla Royo, J M Mora Gutiérrez, P Errasti Goenaga
INTRODUCTION: The Kidney Transplant Program started at the Clinica Universidad de Navarra (Pamplona, Spain) in September of 1969. The 1000th kidney transplant was performed in September 2015. Data from kidney transplants have been included in the Collaborative Transplant Study since 1983. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on patient and graft survival of the 635 kidney transplants (557 first kidney transplants and 78 second kidney transplants) performed in the Clinica Universidad de Navarra between 1990 and 2014, as well as the estimated average life of the grafts are described and compared with data from the more than 150,000 European kidney transplants included in the Collaborative Transplant Study in the same period...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931520/translational-potential-of-long-term-decreases-in-mitochondrial-lipids-in-a-mouse-model-of-gulf-war-illness
#10
Laila Abdullah, James E Evans, Utsav Joshi, Gogce Crynen, Jon Reed, Benoit Mouzon, Stephan Baumann, Hannah Montague, Zuchra Zakirova, Tanja Emmerich, Corbin Bachmeier, Nancy Klimas, Kimberly Sullivan, Michael Mullan, Ghania Ait-Ghezala, Fiona Crawford
Gulf War Illness (GWI) affects 25% of veterans from the 1990-1991 Gulf War (GW) and is accompanied by damage to the brain regions involved in memory processing. After twenty-five years, the chronic pathobiology of GWI is still unexplained. To address this problem, we examined the long-term consequences of GW exposures in an established GWI mouse model to identify biological processes that are relevant to the chronic symptoms of GWI. Three-month old male C57BL6 mice were exposed for 10days to GW agents (pyridostigmine bromide and permethrin)...
November 30, 2016: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931236/trends-in-self-rated-health-and-association-with-socioeconomic-position-in-estonia-data-from-cross-sectional-studies-in-1996-2014
#11
Mariliis Põld, Kersti Pärna, Inge Ringmets
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health (SRH) and socioeconomic position (SEP) as important determinants of health differences are associated with health and economic changes in society. The objectives of this paper were (1) to describe trends in SRH and (2) to analyze associations between SRH and SEP among adults in Estonia in 1996-2014. METHODS: The study was based on a 25-64-year-old subsample (n = 18757) of postal cross-sectional surveys conducted every second year in Estonia during 1990-2014...
December 8, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930859/a-meta-synthesis-of-children-s-experiences-of-postoperative-pain-management
#12
Qian Wen Sng, Hong-Gu He, Wenru Wang, Beverley Taylor, Aloysius Chow, Piyanee Klainin-Yobas, Lixia Zhu
BACKGROUND: Ineffective management of postoperative pain in children has been reported widely. To improve the effectiveness of postoperative pain management for children, it was necessary to conduct a systematic review to better understand the current knowledge of children's experiences of their postoperative pain management. AIMS: The aim of this review was to update and synthesize current qualitative research of postoperative pain management based on children's experiences...
December 8, 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930399/practical-discourse-revisited-hermeneutics-at-the-intersection-of-philosophy-and-nursing
#13
Stephen M Padgett
Three early papers by Janice Thompson-Practical Discourse, Critical Scholarship, and Hermeneutic Inquiry-are examined in reference to the historical context of the time (1985-1990), and implications for current scholarship. Hermeneutic philosophy has been neglected in recent years, overshadowed by its weaker cousin phenomenology. I argue that renewed attention to hermeneutics would help us focus on the "situatedness" of nursing scholars, the class politics of academia, and a better balance in interpretative work between faith and suspicion...
December 6, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930398/thinking-upstream-a-25-year-retrospective-and-conceptual-model-aimed-at-reducing-health-inequities
#14
Patricia G Butterfield
Thinking upstream was first introduced into the nursing vernacular in 1990 with the goal of advancing broad and context-rich perspectives of health. Initially invoked as conceptual framing language, upstream precepts were subsequently adopted and adapted by a generation of thoughtful nursing scholars. Their work reduced health inequities by redirecting actions further up etiologic pathways and by emphasizing economic, political, and environmental health determinants. US health care reform has fostered a much broader adoption of upstream language in policy documents...
December 6, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929423/plant-responses-to-climate-change-the-case-study-of-betulaceae-and-poaceae-pollen-seasons-northern-italy-vignola-emilia-romagna
#15
Anna Maria Mercuri, Paola Torri, Rita Fornaciari, Assunta Florenzano
Aerobiological data have especially demonstrated that there is correlation between climate warming and the pollination season of plants. This paper focuses on airborne pollen monitoring of Betulaceae and Poaceae, two of the main plant groups with anemophilous pollen and allergenic proprieties in Northern Italy. The aim is to investigate plant responses to temperature variations by considering long-term pollen series. The 15-year aerobiological analysis is reported from the monitoring station of Vignola (located near Modena, in the Emilia-Romagna region) that had operated in the years 1990-2004 with a Hirst spore trap...
December 6, 2016: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928990/list-of-new-names-and-new-combinations-previously-effectively-but-not-validly-published
#16
Aharon Oren, George M Garrity
The purpose of this announcement is to effect the valid publication of the following effectively published new names and new combinations under the procedure described in the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision). Authors and other individuals wishing to have new names and/or combinations included in future lists should send an electronic copy of the published paper to the IJSEM Editorial Office for confirmation that all of the other requirements for valid publication have been met. It is also a requirement of IJSEM and the ICSP that authors of new species, new subspecies and new combinations provide evidence that types are deposited in two recognized culture collections in two different countries...
November 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928892/is-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-soft-drinks-during-pregnancy-associated-with-birth-weight
#17
Jacob H Grundt, Geir Egil Eide, Anne-Lise Brantsaeter, Margaretha Haugen, Trond Markestad
In Norway, there were parallel increases and subsequent decreases in birth weight (BW) and consumption of sugar-sweetened carbonated soft drinks (SSC) during the period 1990-2010, and by an ecological approach, we have suggested that the relationship was causal. The objective of this study was to examine if such a relationship was present in a prospectively followed cohort of pregnant women. The study population included 62,494 term singleton mother-infant dyads in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa), a national prospective cohort study in Norway from 1999 to 2008...
December 7, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928080/burden-of-diarrhea-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2013-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#18
Ibrahim Khalil, Danny V Colombara, Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar, Christopher Troeger, Farah Daoud, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Puja C Rao, Ashkan Afshin, Raghid Charara, Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Mohammed Magdy Abd El Razek, Foad Abd-Allah, Remon Abu-Elyazeed, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Ali Shafqat Akanda, Nadia Akseer, Khurshid Alam, Deena Alasfoor, Raghib Ali, Mohammad A AlMazroa, Mahmoud A Alomari, Rajaa Mohammad Salem Al-Raddadi, Ubai Alsharif, Shirina Alsowaidi, Khalid A Altirkawi, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Walid Ammar, Carl Abelardo T Antonio, Hamid Asayesh, Rana Jawad Asghar, Suleman Atique, Ashish Awasthi, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Aleksandra Barac, Neeraj Bedi, Tolesa Bekele, Isabela M Bensenor, Balem Demtsu Betsu, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Aref A Bin Abdulhak, Zahid A Butt, Hadi Danawi, Manisha Dubey, Aman Yesuf Endries, Imad D A Faghmous, Talha Farid, Maryam S Farvid, Farshad Farzadfar, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Florian Fischer, Joseph Robert Anderson Fitchett, Katherine B Gibney, Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed Ginawi, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Harish Chander Gugnani, Rahul Gupta, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Samer Hamidi, Hilda L Harb, Mohammad T Hedayati, Mohamed Hsairi, Abdullatif Husseini, Nader Jahanmehr, Mehdi Javanbakht, Tariku Jibat, Jost B Jonas, Amir Kasaeian, Yousef Saleh Khader, Abdur Rahman Khan, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Gulfaraz Khan, Tawfik Ahmed Muthafer Khoja, Yohannes Kinfu, Niranjan Kissoon, Ai Koyanagi, Aparna Lal, Asma Abdul Abdul Latif, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Azeem Majeed, Reza Malekzadeh, Alem Mehari, Alemayehu B Mekonnen, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Ziad A Memish, Walter Mendoza, Awoke Misganaw, Layla Abdalla Ibrahim Mohamed, Jean B Nachega, Quyen Le Nguyen, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Emmanuel Kwame Peprah, James A Platts-Mills, Farshad Pourmalek, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Saleem M Rana, Chhabi L Ranabhat, Sowmya R Rao, Amany H Refaat, Mark Riddle, Gholamreza Roshandel, George Mugambage Ruhago, Muhammad Muhammad Saleh, Juan R Sanabria, Monika Sawhney, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Tesfaye Setegn, Karen Sliwa, Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, Bryan L Sykes, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Bemnet Amare Tedla, Abdullah S Terkawi, Kingsley Ukwaja, Olalekan A Uthman, Ronny Westerman, Mamo Wubshet, Muluken A Yenesew, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Z Younis, Zoubida Zaidi, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Abdullah A Al Rabeeah, Haidong Wang, Mohsen Naghavi, Theo Vos, Alan D Lopez, Christopher J L Murray, Ali H Mokdad
Diarrheal diseases (DD) are leading causes of disease burden, death, and disability, especially in children in low-income settings. DD can also impact a child's potential livelihood through stunted physical growth, cognitive impairment, and other sequelae. As part of the Global Burden of Disease Study, we estimated DD burden, and the burden attributable to specific risk factors and particular etiologies, in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 1990 and 2013. For both sexes and all ages, we calculated disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), which are the sum of years of life lost and years lived with disability...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926925/dengue-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-a-systematic-review
#19
John M Humphrey, Natalie B Cleton, Chantal B E M Reusken, Marshall J Glesby, Marion P G Koopmans, Laith J Abu-Raddad
BACKGROUND: Dengue virus (DENV) infection is widespread and its disease burden has increased in past decades. However, little is known about the epidemiology of dengue in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). METHODOLOGY / PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Following Cochrane Collaboration guidelines and reporting our findings following PRISMA guidelines, we systematically reviewed available records across MENA describing dengue occurrence in humans (prevalence studies, incidence studies, and outbreak reports), occurrence of suitable vectors (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus), and DENV vector infection rates...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926893/erratum-global-estimates-on-the-number-of-people-blind-or-visually-impaired-by-diabetic-retinopathy-a-meta-analysis-from-1990-2010-diabetes-care-2016-39-1643-1649
#20
Janet L Leasher, Rupert R A Bourne, Seth R Flaxman, Jost B Jonas, Jill Keeffe, Novin Naidoo, Konrad Pesudovs, Holly Price, Richard A White, Tien Y Wong, Serge Resnikoff, Hugh R Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Diabetes Care
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