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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684938/female-sexual-homicide-offenders-a-descriptive-and-comparative-study
#1
Sara Skott, Eric Beauregard, Rajan Darjee
Research on female sexual homicide has been very scarce. In Europe, it has rarely been examined, and in Scotland, it has never previously been studied. This exploratory study aims to examine the characteristics of sexual homicides involving female offenders between 1990 and 2015 in Scotland. Using data from the Scottish Homicide Database between 1990 and 2015, female sexual homicides (n = 7) were compared to nonsexual homicides committed by females (n = 106) and to sexual homicides committed by men (n = 89) using Fisher's exact tests...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684650/the-social-network-of-international-health-aid
#2
Lu Han, Mathias Koenig-Archibugi, Tore Opsahl
International development assistance for health generates an emergent social network in which policy makers in recipient countries are connected to numerous bilateral and multilateral aid agencies and to other aid recipients. Ties in this global network are channels for the transmission of knowledge, norms and influence in addition to material resources, and policy makers in centrally situated governments receive information faster and are exposed to a more diverse range of sources and perspectives. Since diversity of perspectives improves problem-solving capacity, the structural position of aid-receiving governments in the health aid network can affect the health outcomes that those governments are able to attain...
April 7, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684214/new-perspectives-on-chloroplast-protein-import
#3
Masato Nakai
Virtually all chloroplasts in extant photosynthetic eukaryotes derive from a single endosymbiotic event that likely occurred more than a billion years ago between a host eukaryotic cell and a cyanobacterium-like ancestor. Many endosymbiont genes were subsequently transferred to the host nuclear genome, concomitant with the establishment of a system for protein transport through the chloroplast double-membrane envelope. Presently, 2000-3000 different nucleus-encoded chloroplast proteins must be imported into the chloroplast following their synthesis in the cytosol...
April 19, 2018: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684200/ultrasound-for-assessing-disease-activity-in-ibd-patients-a-systematic-review-of-activity-scores
#4
S Bots, K Nylund, M Löwenberg, K Gecse, O H Gilja, G D'Haens
Background and aims: Ultrasound (US) indices for assessing disease activity in IBD patients have never been critically reviewed. We aimed to systematically review the quality and reliability of available ultrasound (US) indices compared with reference standards for grading disease activity in IBD patients. Methods: Pubmed, Embase and Medline were searched from 1990 until June 2017. Relevant publications were identified through full text review after initial screening by 2 investigators...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682791/prevalence-of-refractive-errors-in-children-in-india-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Sethu Sheeladevi, Bharani Seelam, Phanindra B Nukella, Aditi Modi, Rahul Ali, Lisa Keay
Uncorrected refractive error is an avoidable cause of visual impairment which affects children in India. The objective of this review is to estimate the prevalence of refractive errors in children ≤ 15 years of age. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed in this review. A detailed literature search was performed to include all population and school-based studies published from India between January 1990 and January 2017, using the Cochrane Library, Medline and Embase...
April 22, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682763/differential-expression-of-annexin-2-spink1-and-hsp60-predict-progression-of-prostate-cancer-through-bifurcated-who-gleason-score-categories-in-african-american-men
#6
Desta A Beyene, Tammey J Naab, Norma F Kanarek, Victor Apprey, Ashwini Esnakula, Farahan A Khan, Marc R Blackman, Collis A Brown, Tamaro S Hudson
BACKGROUND: Although studies have observed several markers correlate with progression of prostate cancer (PCa), no specific markers have been identified that accurately predict the progression of this disease, even in African American (AA) men who are generally at higher risk than other ethnic groups. The primary goal of this study was to explore whether three markers could predict the progression of PCa. METHOD: We investigated protein expression of Annexin 2 (ANX2), serine peptidase inhibitor, kazal type 1(SPINK1)/tumor-associated trypsin inhibitor (TATI), and heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60) in 79 archival human prostate trans-rectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsy tissues according to a modified World Health Organization (WHO) classification: normal (WHO1a), Gleason Score (GS6 (WHO1b), GS7 subgroups (WHO2 = 3 + 4, WHO3 = 4 + 3), GS8 (WHO4), and GS9-10 (WHO5)...
April 22, 2018: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682318/-rosmarinus-officinalis-l-an-update-review-of-its-phytochemistry-and-biological-activity
#7
REVIEW
Joana M Andrade, Célia Faustino, Catarina Garcia, Diogo Ladeiras, Catarina P Reis, Patrícia Rijo
The worldwide interest in the use of medicinal plants has been growing, and its beneficial effects being rediscovered for the development of new drugs. Based on their vast ethnopharmacological applications, which inspired current research in drug discovery, natural products can provide new and important leads against various pharmacological targets. This work pioneers an extensive and an updated literature review on the current state of research on Rosmarinus officinalis L., elucidating which compounds and biological activities are the most relevant...
April 2018: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681368/outcomes-after-balloon-pulmonary-valvuloplasty-for-critical-pulmonary-stenosis-and-incidence-of-coronary-artery-fistulas
#8
Varun Aggarwal, Venkatachalam Mulukutla, Shiraz Maskatia, Henri Justino, Charles E Mullins, Athar M Qureshi
Outcome data for neonates with critical pulmonary stenosis (PS) is limited. We aimed to review the outcomes after balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty (BPV) for neonates with critical PS at our institution. All neonates with critical PS who underwent BPV from 1990 to 2017 were included. A total of 44 neonates underwent BPV for critical PS. Nonright ventricular dependent coronary artery fistulas was seen in 6/44 (13.6%) patients. Tricuspid valve z-scores were -1.9 (interquartile range [IQR] -3.04, -0.48) in those with coronary artery fistulas as compared with -0...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680162/baseline-patient-reported-outcomes-are-more-consistent-predictors-of-long-term-functional-disability-than-laboratory-imaging-or-joint-count-data-in-patients-with-early-inflammatory-arthritis-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
James M Gwinnutt, Charlotte A Sharp, Deborah P M Symmons, Mark Lunt, Suzanne M M Verstappen
OBJECTIVE: To assess baseline predictors of long-term functional disability in patients with inflammatory arthritis (IA). METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the literature from 1990 to 2017 using MEDLINE and EMBASE. Studies were included if (i) they were prospective observational studies, (ii) all patients had IA with symptom duration ≤2 years at baseline, (iii) follow-up was at least 5 years, and (iv) baseline predictors of HAQ score at long-term follow-up (i...
March 15, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680106/cost-of-tuberculosis-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-patients-with-hiv-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Noemia Teixeira de Siqueira-Filha, Rosa Legood, Aracele Cavalcanti, Andreia Costa Santos
OBJECTIVES: To summarize the costs of tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and treatment in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients and to assess the methodological quality of these studies. METHODS: We included cost, cost-effectiveness, and cost-utility studies that reported primary costing data, conducted worldwide and published between 1990 and August 2016. We retrieved articles in PubMed, Embase, EconLit, CINAHL plus, and LILACS databases. The quality assessment was performed using two guidelines-the Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards and the Tool to Estimate Patient's Costs...
April 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679935/the-role-of-adsorbate-size-on-adsorption-of-ne-and-xe-on-graphite
#11
Luisa Prasetyo, Quang K Loi, Shiliang Johnathan Tan, D D Do, D Nicholson
We have carried out an extensive grand canonical Monte Carlo simulation to investigate the adsorption of neon and xenon on graphite. The adsorbate collision diameters of neon and xenon are smaller and greater respectively, than the commensurate graphite lattice spacing λ=3×3R300 of 0.426 nm. Simulated isotherms and isosteric heats were obtained using a graphite model that has been shown to describe successfully the adsorbate transitions for krypton, methane and nitrogen by Prasetyo et al. (2017), which have collision diameters close to λ...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678342/spending-on-health-and-hiv-aids-domestic-health-spending-and-development-assistance-in-188-countries-1995-2015
#12
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Comparable estimates of health spending are crucial for the assessment of health systems and to optimally deploy health resources. The methods used to track health spending continue to evolve, but little is known about the distribution of spending across diseases. We developed improved estimates of health spending by source, including development assistance for health, and, for the first time, estimated HIV/AIDS spending on prevention and treatment and by source of funding, for 188 countries...
April 17, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677092/current-publication-rates-of-abstracts-presented-at-the-orthopaedic-trauma-association-annual-meetings-2005-2010
#13
Ryan Lee, Ishwarya S Mamidi, Alex Gu, Jordan S Cohen, William Probasco, James DeBritz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the publication rate of abstracts presented at the 2005-2010 Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA) Annual Meetings. METHODS: All abstracts from the 2005 to 2010 OTA meetings were identified through the OTA's official website. Each abstract was searched across PubMed and Google to determine its publication status. The overall publication rate of abstracts was determined, along with the first authors' sex, number of authors, time and journal of publication, and analyzed with statistical testing...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676219/application-of-the-modified-erikson-psychosocial-stage-inventory-25-years-in-review
#14
Cynthia S Darling-Fisher
The Modified Erikson Psychosocial Stage Inventory (MEPSI) is an 80-item, comprehensive measure of psychosocial development based on Erikson's theory with published reliability and validity data. Although designed as a comprehensive measure, some researchers have used individual subscales for specific developmental stages as a measure; however, these subscale reliability scores have not been generally shared. This article reviewed the literature to evaluate the use of the MEPSI: the major research questions, samples/populations studied, and individual subscale and total reliability and validity data...
April 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676031/treatment-of-recurrent-focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis-post-kidney-transplantation-in-australian-and-new-zealand-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Anna Francis, Madeleine Didsbury, Hugh McCarthy, Tonya Kara
Disease recurrence affects around a third of renal transplants for children with FSGS and is associated with poor graft outcomes. Unfortunately, there are no large trials guiding treatment for recurrent FSGS. We aimed to describe current therapies and treatment response for recurrent FSGS in 4 centres in Australia and New Zealand. Data were collected on children (age <18 years) with recurrent FSGS (1990-2015). We reviewed patient charts to obtain clinical information. Ethics approval was obtained from the relevant boards...
April 19, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675688/everyone-has-a-donor-contribution-of-the-chinese-experience-to-global-practice-of-haploidentical-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#16
REVIEW
Meng Lv, Yingjun Chang, Xiaojun Huang
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched donors for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) have long been scarce in China. Haploidentical (haplo) donors are available for the vast majority of patients, but toxicity has limited this approach. Three new approaches for haplo-HSCT originated from Italy, China, and USA in 1990 and have been developed to world-renowned system up to now. The Chinese approach have been greatly improved by implementing new individualized conditioning regimens, donor selection based on non-HLA systems, risk-directed strategies for graft-versus-host disease and relapse, and infection management...
April 19, 2018: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675112/patterns-of-failure-and-survival-trends-of-720-patients-with-stage-i-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-diagnosed-from-1990-2012-a-large-scale-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Lin-Quan Tang, Tong-Yu Lu, Yang Li, Shao-Yan Guo, Qi-Yu Zhong, Meng-Sha Zou, Bo-Lin Chen, Qing-Nan Tang, Wen-Hui Chen, Shan-Shan Guo, Li-Ting Liu, Qiu-Yan Chen, Ling Guo, Hao-Yuan Mo, Rui Sun, Dong-Hua Luo, Chong Zhao, Chao-Nan Qian, Xiang Guo, Mu-Sheng Zeng, Hai-Qiang Mai
Objectives: To evaluate the patterns of failure and survival trends of patients with stage I nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with radiotherapy alone over the last 20 years. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 720 patients with stage I NPC who were treated with curative two-dimensional radiotherapy (2DRT), three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DRT), or intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) between January 1990 and December 2012. The patients were categorized into four calendar periods (1990-1996, 1997-2002, 2003-2007, and 2008-2012) and four age subgroups (18-39, 40-49, 50-59, and >60)...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674792/militarism-and-globalization-is-there-an-empirical-link
#18
Manuchehr Irandoust
Despite the fact that previous studies have extensively investigated the causal nexus between military expenditure and economic growth in both developed and developing countries, those studies have not considered the role of globalization. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between militarism and globalization for the top 15 military expenditure spenders over the period 1990-2012. The bootstrap panel Granger causality approach is utilized to detect the direction of causality. The results show that military expenditure and overall globalization are causally related in most of the countries under review...
2018: Quality & Quantity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674008/applying-systems-ergonomics-methods-in-sport-a-systematic-review
#19
Adam Hulme, Jason Thompson, Katherine L Plant, Gemma J M Read, Scott Mclean, Amanda Clacy, Paul M Salmon
INTRODUCTION: As sports systems become increasingly more complex, competitive, and technology-centric, there is a greater need for systems ergonomics methods to consider the performance, health, and safety of athletes in context with the wider settings in which they operate. Therefore, the purpose of this systematic review was to identify and critically evaluate studies which have applied a systems ergonomics research approach in the context of sports performance and injury management...
April 16, 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673989/persisting-inequalities-in-survival-patterns-of-childhood-neuroblastoma-in-southern-and-eastern-europe-and-the-effect-of-socio-economic-development-compared-with-those-of-the-us
#20
Paraskevi Panagopoulou, Marios K Georgakis, Margarita Baka, Maria Moschovi, Vassilios Papadakis, Sophia Polychronopoulou, Maria Kourti, Emmanuel Hatzipantelis, Eftichia Stiakaki, Helen Dana, Athanasios Tragiannidis, Evdoxia Bouka, Luis Antunes, Joana Bastos, Daniela Coza, Anna Demetriou, Domenic Agius, Sultan Eser, Raluca Gheorghiu, Mario Šekerija, Maciej Trojanowski, Tina Žagar, Anna Zborovskaya, Anton Ryzhov, Nick Dessypris, Daniel Morgenstern, Eleni Th Petridou
AIM: Neuroblastoma outcomes vary with disease characteristics, healthcare delivery and socio-economic indicators. We assessed survival patterns and prognostic factors for patients with neuroblastoma in 11 Southern and Eastern European (SEE) countries versus those in the US, including-for the first time-the Nationwide Registry for Childhood Hematological Malignancies and Solid Tumours (NARECHEM-ST)/Greece. METHODS: Overall survival (OS) was calculated in 13 collaborating SEE childhood cancer registries (1829 cases, ∼1990-2016) and Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER), US (3072 cases, 1990-2012); Kaplan-Meier curves were used along with multivariable Cox regression models assessing the effect of age, gender, primary tumour site, histology, Human Development Index (HDI) and place of residence (urban/rural) on survival...
April 16, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
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