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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053520/plastic-surgery-management-of-victims-of-terrorist-violence-in-ankara-turkey
#1
Murat İğde, Ahmet Kaplan
Terror attacks have been progressively increasing worldwide through the present era. The management of the consequences of terrorism events is under debate in almost every scientific area. The organization and advancement of health services constitute important components of the crisis management. Similar to other specialty areas in medicine, the medical management of terrorist attacks is becoming important in terms of plastic and reconstructive surgery.Ankara, the capital of Turkey, has been subject to 2 terrorist events in public places within a year...
October 19, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053516/fat-graft-survival-after-recipient-site-pretreatment-with-fractional-carbon-dioxide-laser
#2
Sung-Eun Kim, Jun Ho Lee, Tae Gon Kim, Yong-Ha Kim, Kyu Jin Chung
BACKGROUND: Fat grafting is a commonly performed procedure not only for augmenting the soft tissue but also for regeneration in esthetic and reconstructive plastic surgery.However, unpredictable fat survival rate because of high resorption rate is remained as the main problem. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of pretreatment of the recipient site to the fat survival using fractional carbon dioxide (CO2) laser. METHODS: The rats were divided to 2 groups...
October 19, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051396/facial-transplantation-an-update-of-results-and-perspectives-from-tissue-engineering
#3
Francesco Simonacci, Roberto Toni, Edoardo Raposio
BACKGROUND/AIM: Facial transplantation is a revolutionary procedure developed recently, which is indicated if autologous transfers fail to restore human appearance. More than 30 patients have undergone facial transplantation in different centers worldwide. Here, we provide an update on its main anatomical, surgical, immunological, ethical, and follow- up aspects. We also provide innovative perspectives of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering that could hold promise for this emerging surgical field...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050095/-revisional-radical-mastoidectomy-surgeries-25-cases-experience
#4
L Li, J Xie, Y Liu, S S Gong
Objective: To analyze the risk factors of failure to dry ear after radical mastoidectomy and discuss key points in revisonal surgery. Methods: Clinical data of 25 patients(32 ears) with revisonal mastoidectomy were analyzed. The preoperative temporal bone CT findings, intra-operative findings, surgical procedures, postoperative operating cavities and aural abilities were recorded and analyzed. Results: All patients received preoperative temporal bone CT followed by revisonal radical mastoidectomy under microscope and general anesthesia...
October 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049615/current-trends-in-management-of-submental-liposis-a-pooled-analysis-and-survey
#5
Sagar Patel, Russell Kridel
Importance: Since its approval by the US Food and Drug Administration for treatment of moderate to severe submental liposis in April 2015, deoxycholic acid (Kybella) has received significant media attention as a novel aesthetic treatment. Four phase 3 clinical trials have published data demonstrating the safety and efficacy of the drug compared with placebo; however, no study has juxtaposed the product with submental liposuction. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of injectable deoxycholic acid in the treatment of isolated submental liposis...
October 19, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040358/tissue-expansion-using-hyaluronic-acid-filler-for-single-stage-ear-reconstruction-a-novel-concept-for-difficult-areas
#6
Amir Inbal, Benjamin T Lemelman, Eran Millet, Andrew Greensmith
Background: Auricular reconstruction is one of the most challenging procedures in plastic surgery. An adequate skin envelope is essential for cartilage framework coverage, yet few good options exist without additional surgery. We propose a novel method for minimally invasive tissue expansion, using hyaluronic acid (HA) filler to allow for single-stage ear reconstruction. Objectives: To introduce the novel concept of HA filler for tissue expansion in ear reconstruction, and as an alternative to traditional expansion techniques...
July 20, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039995/preferred-practice-patterns-in-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy-among-oculoplastic-surgeons-in-asia-pacific-region
#7
Tracy Kwok, Mohammad Javed Ali, Hunter Yuen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to report the preferred practice patterns in endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (EnDCR) among oculoplastic surgeons practicing in the Asia-Pacific region. METHODS: A detailed survey with 40 questions was electronically disseminated among oculoplastic surgeons practicing in Asia-Pacific region. The mailing list included targeted members of the Asia Pacific Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and nonmembers from the contact directories of the two senior authors...
October 17, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029959/ldt-classification-and-therapeutic-strategy-of-congenital-body-wall-defects
#8
Shun Wu, Ke Guo, Peng Xiao, Jiaming Sun
BACKGROUND: Repairing body wall defects is a critical step in the treatment of some congenital deformities, and this procedure may need the help from plastic surgeons. Although there are many articles about congenital deformities, body wall defects of these malformations are rarely studied as independent targets. METHODS: In this article, the authors present an LDT classification for congenital body wall defects according to the position of the defects, the tissue layers involved, and the surgical urgency, each of which is represented by letters L, D, and T, respectively...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026820/a-qualitative-assessment-of-the-journey-to-delayed-breast-reconstruction
#9
Ho Man Cheng, Catherine McMillan, Joan E Lipa, Laura Snell
BACKGROUND: Canada has low immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) rates compared to the United States and Europe. Breast cancer survivors live with mastectomy defects sometimes for years, and this represents an area for improvement in cancer care. PURPOSE: This study qualitatively assessed (1) information provided about breast reconstruction at the time of cancer diagnosis among women seeking delayed breast reconstruction (DBR) and (2) referral practices for plastic surgery consultation for DBR...
August 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025213/the-future-of-fat-grafting
#10
Farooq Shahzad, Babak J Mehrara
Fat grafting has emerged as an important tool in the armamentarium of plastic surgeons. Its applications in aesthetic and reconstructive surgery continue to expand. However, its limitations (such as inconsistent survival) remain problematic. Recent research efforts have focused on tacking these issues with the use of platelet rich plasma, hypoxic preconditioning, hyperbaric oxygen, and the tissue engineering of scaffolds. In the future, as these laboratory discoveries are translated to clinical application, the beneficial uses of fat grafting will continue to increase...
July 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989237/lipofilling-effects-after-breast-cancer-surgery-in-post-radiation-patients-an-analysis-of-results-and-algorithm-proposal
#11
Manuel Debald, Thomas Pech, Christina Kaiser, Mignon-Denise Keyver-Paik, Gisela Walgenbach-Bruenagel, Joerg C Kalff, Walther Kuhn, Klaus J Walgenbach
BACKGROUND: Lipofilling or autologous fat transfer is an established technique in plastic surgery. Herein, we describe the lipofilling effects after implant-based breast reconstruction in post-radiation patients and propose an algorithm for indication of lipofilling. METHODS: Forty patients with a history of breast cancer were included in this retrospective analysis. Patients had undergone either breast conserving therapy or mastectomy. Twenty-six patients underwent additional radiation therapy...
2017: European Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983575/association-of-anesthesia-duration-with-complications-after-microvascular-reconstruction-of-the-head-and-neck
#12
Jacob S Brady, Stuti V Desai, Meghan M Crippen, Jean Anderson Eloy, Yuriy Gubenko, Soly Baredes, Richard Chan Woo Park
Importance: Prolonged anesthesia and operative times have deleterious effects on surgical outcomes in a variety of procedures. However, data regarding the influence of anesthesia duration on microvascular reconstruction of the head and neck are lacking. Objective: To examine the association of anesthesia duration with complications after microvascular reconstruction of the head and neck. Design, Setting, and Participants: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was used to collect data...
October 5, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982848/lipofilling-outcomes-mimicking-breast-cancer-recurrence-case-report-and-update-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Silvia Gigli, Maria Ida Amabile, Francesca DI Pastena, Alessandro DE Luca, Caterina Gulia, Lucia Manganaro, Massimo Monti, Laura Ballesio
Breast lipofilling uses autologous fat grafting to correct breast defects after radical or conservative surgery. After early concerns regarding its application in reconstruction after breast cancer (BC), in 2009 the American Society of Plastic Surgeons formed a task force to assess the indications, safety and efficacy of autologous fat grafting. We report the case of a woman who came to our attention for a painful swelling of the left breast. She had undergone breast-conserving therapy for BC, followed by lipofilling...
October 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979690/multifaceted-effects-of-astragaloside-iv-on-promotion-of-random-pattern-skin-flap-survival-in-rats
#14
Renjin Lin, Huanwen Chen, Daniel Callow, Shihen Li, Lei Wang, Shi Li, Long Chen, Jian Ding, Weiyang Gao, Huazi Xu, Jianzhong Kong, Kailiang Zhou
Random pattern skin flap transplantation is frequently applied in plastic and reconstructive surgery, but the distal part of skin flaps often suffers necrosis due to ischemia. Astragaloside IV (AS-IV), a natural saponin purified from Astragalus membranaceus, may have beneficial functions for flap survival. In this study, rats were divided into a control group and an AS-IV treatment group, and underwent surgery using a modified "McFarlane flap" model. After intragastric administration of vehicle control or AS-IV for their respective groups, flap survival area and water content were measured 7 days after surgery...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976893/palmaris-longus-muscle-variations-clinical-significance-and-proposal-of-new-classifications
#15
Georgi P Georgiev, Alexandar A Iliev, Iva N Dimitrova, Georgi N Kotov, Lina G Malinova, Boycho V Landzhov
BACKGROUND: The palmaris longus muscle is one of the most variable muscles in the human body and there have been numerous variations reported. The different palmaris longus variations are interesting not only from an anatomical point of view, but they could also have definite clinical significance. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the different types of variations of palmaris longus muscle in the Bulgarian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a period of 15 years, 56 formol-carbol fixed human cadavers were studied to investigate the different variations of palmaris longus muscle (PLM)...
September 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973708/early-postoperative-complications-after-oncoplastic-reduction
#16
Anne E Mattingly, Zhenjun Ma, Paul D Smith, John V Kiluk, Nazanin Khakpour, Susan J Hoover, Christine Laronga, M Catherine Lee
BACKGROUND: Breast-conserving surgery with adjuvant radiation therapy (BCT) has been established as safe oncologically. Oncoplastic breast surgery uses both oncologic and plastic surgery techniques for breast conservation to improve cosmetic outcomes. We evaluated the risk factors associated with complications after oncoplastic breast reduction. METHODS: A single-institution, institutional review board-approved, retrospective review of electronic medical records of female patients with breast cancer who underwent oncoplastic breast reduction from 2008 to 2014...
October 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969194/evaluation-of-use-of-adipose-cells-in-various-procedures-of-plastic-surgery-and-its-volumetric-quantification-using-high-resolution-ultrasound
#17
Somashekar Gejje, Arun K Singh, P K Srivastava, Madhumati Goel, Vijay Kumar, Amrita Hongal
INTRODUCTION: Autologous fat transfer is based on one of the principles of plastic surgery, replace like with like. It is used in wide variety of aesthetic procedures such as lip, facial augmentation and reconstructive procedures such as involutional disorders, post traumatic defects etc. AIM: This prospective study was on the use of adipose cells in various procedures of plastic surgery, the role of high resolution ultrasound in estimating the volume of the grafted fat, comparison of the results based on the different donor sites of the harvested fat and comparison of the effectiveness of grafted fat in extremities and craniofacial region...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969190/groin-flap-in-paediatric-age-group-to-salvage-hand-after-electric-contact-burn-challenges-and-experience
#18
Pradeep Gupta, Rakesh Singh Tawar, Manohar Malviya
INTRODUCTION: Electric contact burn is characterised by multiple wounds produced by entrance and exit of the current. Hand is most commonly involved in the same and children are particularly susceptible to such accidents. AIM: To document effectiveness and challenges associated with the use of groin flap as an initial definitive treatment of electric contact burn in paediatric age group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2015 to December 2016, 25 children up to 12 years of age, who were admitted at SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, after electric burn injury with hand defect and who were treated by pedicled groin flap at the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, were included in the study...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968323/-internet-of-things-real-time-free-flap-monitoring
#19
Sang Hun Kim, Ho Seong Shin, Sang Hwan Lee
BACKGROUND: Free flaps are a common treatment option for head and neck reconstruction in plastic reconstructive surgery, and monitoring of the free flap is the most important factor for flap survival. In this study, the authors performed real-time free flap monitoring based on an implanted Doppler system and "internet of things" (IoT)/wireless Wi-Fi, which is a convenient, accurate, and efficient approach for surgeons to monitor a free flap. METHODS: Implanted Doppler signals were checked continuously until the patient was discharged by the surgeon and residents using their own cellular phone or personal computer...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962175/application-of-adipose-derived-stromal-cells-in-fat-grafting-basic-science-and-literature-review
#20
Margarita Moustaki, Othon Papadopoulos, Christos Verikokos, Dimitrios Karypidis, Dhalia Masud, Alkiviadis Kostakis, Florentia Papastefanaki, Maria G Roubelakis, Despoina Perrea
Autologous fat is considered the ideal material for soft-tissue augmentation in plastic and reconstructive surgery. The primary drawback of autologous fat grafting is the high resorption rate. The isolation of mesenchymal stem cells from adipose tissue inevitably led to research focusing on the study of combined transplantation of autologous fat and adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs) and introduced the theory of 'cell-assisted lipotransfer'. Transplantation of ADSCs is a promising strategy, due to the high proliferative capacity of stem cells, their potential to induce paracrine signalling and ability to differentiate into adipocytes and vascular cells...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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