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age lung cancer gene

Xi Wu, Junling Li, Shulan Chen, Lei Yu, Boyan Yang
BACKGROUND: Adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) is a rare subtype of lung cancer, it is mixed glandular and squamous cell carcinoma with a more aggressive behavior and poor prognosis than the other histologic subtypes. The aim of the study was to explore the clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic factors of ASC. METHODS: A total of 72 patients were enrolled. We investigated clinicalpathological features and prognostic factors retrospectively. RESULTS: The overall 72 ASC patients' median age was 34...
October 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Zekiye Hasbek, Ömer Tamer Doğan, İsmail Sarı, Birsen Yücel, Mehmet Metin Şeker, Bülent Turgut, Serdar Berk, Yavuz Siliğ
OBJECTIVE: Mutations in the p53 gene are the most commonly observed genetic abnormalities in malignancies. The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of serum anti-p53 antibody (Ab) along with the correlation between serum anti-p53 Ab level and quantitative positron emission tomography (PET) parameters such as maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), SUVave, metabolic tumor volume, total lesion glycolysis (TLG) and tumor size. METHODS: Serum anti-p53 Ab level was studied in three groups...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy
Hiroshi Yamazaki
Research over the past 30 years has elucidated the roles of polymorphic human liver cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes associated with toxicological and/or pharmacological actions. Thalidomide exerts its various pharmacological and toxic actions in primates through multiple mechanisms, including nonspecific modification of many protein networks after bioactivation by autoinduced human P450 enzymes. To overcome species-differences between rodents, currently, nonhuman primates and/or mouse models with transplanted human hepatocytes are used...
October 17, 2016: Chemical Research in Toxicology
Jia Lin, Yanyan Zhang, Hongge Wang, Jiang Chang, Lixuan Wei, Lei Cao, Zhi Zhang, Xuemei Zhang
Caspase-3 (CASP3) plays a central role in executing cell apoptosis and thus in carcinogenesis. We previously investigated the relationship between functional polymorphisms in CAPS3 829 A>C and 20541 C>T and risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. However little is known about the role of CASP3 variants in susceptibility to lung cancer. To figure out the contribution of CASP3 polymorphisms to lung cancer risk, genotypes of 1000 lung cancer patients and 1000 controls were conducted by RFLP-PCR (restriction fragment length polymorphism PCR)...
2016: PloS One
Zeng Liu, Jing Zhang, Honggang Kang, Guiming Sun, Baozhong Wang, Yanwen Wang, Mengxiang Yang
The aim of the present study was to analyze the stem cell marker, Nanog gene, for the diagnosis and prognosis of lung cancer cases, and to study its application in the diagnosis of lung cancer. In total, 100 patients diagnosed with lung cancer between April, 2013 and May, 2015 were included in the present study. The patients were randomly divided into group A (lung cancer) and group B (squamous cell lung carcinoma). RT-PCR was used to detect the cancer and adjacent tissues, and Nanog gene expression was detected in groups A and B in cells...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Knud Larsen, Kaja Kjær Kristensen, Jamal Momeni, Leila Farajzadeh, Christian Bendixen
The IGFBP7 gene encodes insulin-like growth factor protein 7. IGFPB7 is involved in diverse biological functions including cell growth regulation, senescence and apoptosis, and also acts as a tumor suppressor in multiple cancers. The IGFBP7 mRNA is subject to A-to-I RNA editing mediated by adenosine deaminases acting on RNA 1 and 2 (ADAR1 and ADAR2). In the current study we have examined molecular characteristics of the porcine IGFBP7 gene, and determined the mRNA editing in different tissues. The A-to-I RNA editing of human IGFBP7 in positions Arg78 and Lys95 was shown to be conserved in the porcine homologue...
October 21, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
TianJun Chen, Hui Ren, Asmitanand Thakur, Tian Yang, Yang Li, Shuo Zhang, Ting Wang, MingWei Chen
Klotho is originally discovered as an anti-aging gene and recently identified as a tumor suppressor in various human cancers. Drug resistance is a major obstacle to affect the treatment of chemotherapy. In the present study, we explore the role of klotho on drug resistance in human lung cancers and investigate the mechanism of klotho on drug resistance in lung cancer cells. First, we detected a panel of six human lung cancer cell lines, including H460, SK-MES-1, cisplatin (DDP)-resistant A549/DDP, its parental subline A549, docetaxel (DTX)-resistant SPC-A-1/DTX, and SPC-A-1 by western blotting analysis...
September 23, 2016: DNA and Cell Biology
Y Huang, C Y Wu, W Wu, L K Hou, L P Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathological features and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutation of primary pulmonary mucoepidermoid carcinoma (PMC). METHODS: Fifth-five cases of PMC were included in the study; their clinicopathological, immunohistochemical features were evaluated, and in 31 cases, paraffin embedded specimens were subjected to mutation analysis of exons 18, 19, 20 and 21 of the EGFR gene by ARMS method. RESULTS: There were 32 females and 23 males...
September 8, 2016: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Zhengbo Song, Xinmin Yu, Yiping Zhang
BACKGROUND: ALK, ROS1 and RET rearrangements represent three most frequent fusion genes in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Rearrangements of these three genes exist predominantly in lung adenocarcinoma while rarely in non-adenocarcinoma. Our objective was to explore the frequency, clinicopathological characteristics and survival of ALK, ROS1 and RET rearrangements in non-adenocarcinoma NSCLC patients. METHODS: ALK, ROS1 and RET rearrangements were screened by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in patients with completely resected non-adenocarcinoma NSCLC...
September 16, 2016: Cancer Biology & Therapy
Joanne Kotsopoulos, Victoria Sopik, Barry Rosen, Isabel Fan, John R McLaughlin, Harvey Risch, Ping Sun, Steven A Narod, Mohammad R Akbari
Recent studies suggest that mutations in the partner and localizer of BRCA2 (PALB2) gene may predispose to ovarian cancer. It is of importance to clarify the prevalence and penetrance of PALB2 mutations in an unselected population so that clinical recommendations for prevention can be implemented. We evaluated the prevalence of germline mutations in PALB2 among 1421 epithelial ovarian cancer patients and 4300 European controls from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Exome Sequencing Project dataset...
September 8, 2016: Familial Cancer
Minehiko Inomata, Kazuki Shimokawa, Kotaro Tokui, Chihiro Taka, Seisuke Okazawa, Kenta Kambara, Toru Yamada, Toshiro Miwa, Ryuji Hayashi, Tatsuhiko Kashii, Shoko Matsui, Kazuyuki Tobe
AIM: We conducted a retrospective study to investigate the frequency of appetite loss during treatment with epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) in elderly patients, aged 75 years or older, with non-small cell lung cancer harboring EGFR gene mutations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of a total of 64 patients, including 39 relatively young (hereinafter, younger) patients and 25 elderly patients were analyzed. RESULTS: Appetite loss of all grades (p=0...
September 2016: Anticancer Research
Karolina H Czarnecka, Monika Migdalska-Sęk, Daria Domańska, Dorota Pastuszak-Lewandoska, Agata Dutkowska, Jacek Kordiak, Ewa Nawrot, Justyna Kiszałkiewicz, Adam Antczak, Ewa Brzeziańska-Lasota
FHIT is a tumor suppressor gene that is frequently silenced in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and also in preneoplastic lesions. Promoter hypermethylation was previously observed in NSCLC, and its epigenetic silencing, observed on mRNA or protein level, was proposed to predict NSCLC outcome. In the present study we evaluated the relationship between FHIT expression on mRNA level and promoter methylation, or immunoexpression level. The aim of this study was to analyze the usefulness of FHIT as early differentiating biomarker in NSCLC patients...
September 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Birgitte Sandfeld-Paulsen, Birgitte Holst Folkersen, Torben Riis Rasmussen, Peter Meldgaard, Boe S Sorensen
OBJECTIVES: Contradicting results have been demonstrated for the expression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) as a prognostic marker in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The complexity of the EGF system with four interacting receptors and more than a dozen activating ligands is a likely explanation. The aim of this study is to demonstrate that the combined network of receptors and ligands from the EGF system is a prognostic marker. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Gene expression of the receptors EGFR, HER2, HER3, HER4, and the ligands AREG, HB-EGF, EPI, TGF-α, and EGF was measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction in tumor samples from 100 NSCLC patients without EGFR activating mutations...
August 2016: Translational Oncology
Changjun He, Dawei Sun, Xue Bai, Yingbin Li, Hai Xu, Shidong Xu
AIM: The clinical implications of transforming growth factor-beta-induced gene-h3 (beta-IGH3) protein expression in lung cancer remain unclear. This study investigated beta-IGH3 protein expression levels and biological function, as well as lung cancer prognosis. METHODS: Beta-IGH3 protein expression levels were measured in 236 lung cancers and were matched with adjacent noncancerous tissues by immunohistochemical staining. Subsequently, the relationship between beta-IGH3 protein expression, clinical-pathological parameters, and lung cancer prognosis was evaluated...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Naila Rabbani, Mingzhan Xue, Paul J Thornalley
Dicarbonyl stress is the abnormal accumulation of dicarbonyl metabolites leading to increased protein and DNA modification contributing to cell and tissue dysfunction in aging and disease. It is produced by increased formation and/or decreased metabolism of dicarbonyl metabolites. MG (methylglyoxal) is a dicarbonyl metabolite of relatively high flux of formation and precursor of the most quantitatively and functionally important spontaneous modifications of protein and DNA clinically. Major MG-derived adducts are arginine-derived hydroimidazolones of protein and deoxyguanosine-derived imidazopurinones of DNA...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Science (1979-)
Z H Li, Y Z Wang, J Liu, M Zhu, J B Du, J Yuan, W H Chen, Z D Zhang, Z B Hu, T C Wu, H B Shen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between DNA damage-related genetic variants and lung cancer susceptibility in a Han Chinese population. METHODS: This case-control study enrolled patients from the Cancer Hospital of Jiangsu Province and Jiangsu Province Hospital from 2003 to 2009. Controls were randomly selected from individuals who visited the same hospital or a community-based health examination program during the same time period. A 5 ml venous blood sample was obtained from each participant and epidemiological information was collected on a standard questionnaire...
August 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
X M Ma, Y Z Cao, W L Ji, F Zhao, X Z Fang
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the relationship between epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations and the clinicopathologic features of primary lung adenocarcinomas in Xinjiang. METHODS: The mutations of EGFR gene at exons 18-21 in 59 cases (including 15 cases of Uighur and 44 cases of Han) of lung adenocarcinoma tissues, which were obtained from surgical resection, were detected by amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) method. And the relationships among mutations, race and clinicopathologic features were analyzed...
February 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
H M Li, P Yuan, D K Yu, F Ma, W W Tan, T Feng, J Yang, Y Huang, D X Lin, B H Xu, W Tan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the associations between genetic variations of DNA repair gene RAD52 and response to platinum-based chemotherapy of small cell lung cancer (SCLC), and to analyze the influencing factors on survival. METHODS: Nine haplotype-tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (htSNPs) of RAD52 were genotyped by Sequenom Mass ARRAY technology in 939 SCLC patients who received platinum-based chemotherapy, and had different response and survival time. The associations between genotypes and platinum-based chemotherapy response were analyzed by odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), adjusted for sex, age, smoking, KPS, staging and chemotherapy regimens, by unconditional logistic regression model...
July 2016: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
Fumiyasu Igata, Junji Uchino, Masaki Fujita, Akinori Iwasaki, Kentaro Watanabe
The proportion of lung cancer patients under 50 years old is small at approximately 510%, but as with patients older than 50, the number is on the rise. Although lung cancer treatment strategies have undergone extensive transformation in recent years based on the presence or absence of oncogenic driver mutations, there are few reports regarding these mutations in the young or the relationship between clinical setting and prognosis. Therefore, we conducted a study of clinical features in 36 patients under the age of 50 who were diagnosed with primary lung cancer from October 2008 to November 2015...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Mandy L Ballinger, David L Goode, Isabelle Ray-Coquard, Paul A James, Gillian Mitchell, Eveline Niedermayr, Ajay Puri, Joshua D Schiffman, Gillian S Dite, Arcadi Cipponi, Robert G Maki, Andrew S Brohl, Ola Myklebost, Eva W Stratford, Susanne Lorenz, Sung-Min Ahn, Jin-Hee Ahn, Jeong Eun Kim, Sue Shanley, Victoria Beshay, Robert Lor Randall, Ian Judson, Beatrice Seddon, Ian G Campbell, Mary-Anne Young, Rajiv Sarin, Jean-Yves Blay, Seán I O'Donoghue, David M Thomas
BACKGROUND: Sarcomas are rare, phenotypically heterogeneous cancers that disproportionately affect the young. Outside rare syndromes, the nature, extent, and clinical significance of their genetic origins are not known. We aimed to investigate the genetic basis for bone and soft-tissue sarcoma seen in routine clinical practice. METHODS: In this genetic study, we included 1162 patients with sarcoma from four cohorts (the International Sarcoma Kindred Study [ISKS], 966 probands; Project GENESIS, 48 probands; Asan Bio-Resource Center, 138 probands; and kConFab, ten probands), who were older than 15 years at the time of consent and had a histologically confirmed diagnosis of sarcoma, recruited from specialist sarcoma clinics without regard to family history...
September 2016: Lancet Oncology
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