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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216570/an-electromagnetic-sensor-for-the-autonomous-running-of-visually-impaired-and-blind-athletes-part-i-the-fixed-infrastructure
#1
Marco Pieralisi, Valentina Di Mattia, Valerio Petrini, Alfredo De Leo, Giovanni Manfredi, Paola Russo, Lorenzo Scalise, Graziano Cerri
Sport is one of the best ways to promote the social integration of people affected by physical disability, because it helps them to increase their self-esteem by facing difficulties and overcoming their disabilities. Nowadays, a large number of sports can be easily played by visually impaired and blind athletes without any special supports, but, there are some disciplines that require the presence of a sighted guide. In this work, the attention will be focused on marathons, during which athletes with visual disorders have to be linked to the sighted guide by means of a non-stretchable elbow tether, with an evident reduction of their performance and autonomy...
February 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149405/zika-virus-infection-summer-olympic-and-paralympic-games-in-rio-2016-and-sports-performance
#2
Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Marília Santos Andrade, Càssia Regina Vancini-Campanharo, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139351/preparation-and-organization-of-brazilian-physical-therapy-for-the-rio-2016-olympic-and-paralympic-games
#3
EDITORIAL
Luciana D Mendonça, Christiane S G Macedo, Marcio C Antonelo, Marco Antônio F Alves, Leonardo T Medeiros, Felipe F Tadiello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 24, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122826/uncoupling-between-cerebral-perfusion-and-oxygenation-during-incremental-exercise-in-an-athlete-with-postconcussion-syndrome-a-case-report
#4
Sarah Imhoff, Simon Malenfant, Éric Nadreau, Paul Poirier, Damian M Bailey, Patrice Brassard
High-intensity exercise may pose a risk to patients with postconcussion syndrome (PCS) when symptomatic during exertion. The case of a paralympic athlete with PCS who experienced a succession of convulsion-awakening periods and reported a marked increase in postconcussion symptoms after undergoing a graded symptom-limited aerobic exercise protocol is presented. Potential mechanisms of cerebrovascular function failure are then discussed.
January 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104752/reduced-prosthetic-stiffness-lowers-the-metabolic-cost-of-running-for-athletes-with-bilateral-transtibial-amputations
#5
Owen N Beck, Paolo Taboga, Alena Marie Grabowski
Inspired by the spring-like action of biological legs, running-specific prostheses are designed to enable athletes with lower-limb amputations to run. Yet, manufacturer recommendations for prosthetic stiffness and height may not optimize running performance. Therefore, we investigated the effects of using different prosthetic configurations on the metabolic cost and biomechanics of running. Five athletes with bilateral transtibial amputations each performed fifteen trials on a force-measuring treadmill at 2...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998237/paralympic-medicine-the-road-to-rio
#6
Aaron A Phillips, Jordan W Squair, Andrei V Krassioukov
Over the past 10 years, our team has attended numerous Paralympic games and International Paralympic Committee (IPC)-sanctioned events where we have accumulated the largest data set to date from elite athletes with spinal cord injury (SCI). This empirical evidence has allowed us to address critical questions related to health and athletic performance in these incredibly medically complex individuals. Namely, does autonomic function influence performance? Can we account for this with the present sport classification? How can we prevent the doping practice of self-inducing life-threatening episodes of hypertension to improve performance (termed "boosting")? How does extremely high participation in routine upper-body wheelchair exercise impact cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease risk? Is it possible to improve the sport classification to level the playing field between athletes with and without autonomic dysfunction? Herein, we will narratively address these questions, and provide our perspective on future directions and recommendations moving forward...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967276/the-impact-of-an-assistive-pole-seat-configuration-and-strength-in-paralympic-seated-throwing
#7
Alysha Hyde, Luke Hogarth, Mark Sayers, Emma Beckman, Mark J Connick, Sean Tweedy, Brendan Burkett
PURPOSE: This study quantified the influence of (i) the assistive pole, (ii) seat configuration, and (iii) upper-body and trunk strength, on seated throwing performance in athletes with a spinal cord injury. METHODS: Ten Paralympic athletes competing in wheelchair rugby, wheelchair basketball or athletics (seated throws) participated in two randomised sessions; seated throwing and strength tests. Participants threw a club from a custom-built throwing chair, with and without a pole...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965597/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-effects-on-athletes-cognitive-performance-an-exploratory-proof-of-concept-trial
#8
Davimar M M Borducchi, July Silveira Gomes, Henrique Akiba, Quirino Cordeiro, José Henrique M Borducchi, Lívia Stocco Sanches Valentin, Gabrielle M Borducchi, Álvaro Machado Dias
Among the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games' unforgettable moments, one could not overlook performances by Phelps and Bolt, which challenge old premises about the maximum extension of individual supremacism in ultracompetitive modalities and the doping scandals. Different media channels resonated these two trends, with an unseen rise on discussions about traits and practices that may set ultrahigh performance athletes apart from the more ordinary ones. Yet, some key issues remain undebated. This paper aims to add to this debate, with a proof of concept trial, which investigates whether transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) may serve as an aid for professional athletes...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941981/-a-more-equitable-society-the-politics-of-global-fairness-in-paralympic-sport
#9
Leslie Swartz, Jason Bantjes, Divan Rall, Suzanne Ferreira, Cheri Blauwet, Wayne Derman
The Paralympic Movement explicitly sets out to create a more equitable society and promote participation for all and fairness in disability sport. This is primarily achieved through the use of a range of interventions with less attention given to how economic factors may hinder access and achievement in Paralympic sport. We investigated how country-level economic variables influence the level of participation and achievement in the 2015 International Paralympic Committee (IPC) Athletics Championships held in Doha...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918675/biomechanics-in-paralympics-implications-for-performance
#10
Floor Morriën, Matthew J D Taylor, Florentina J Hettinga
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of biomechanical studies in Paralympic research and their relevance for performance in Paralympic sports. METHODS: Search terms ' Paralympic Biomechanics', 'Paralympic Sport Performance', 'Paralympic Athlete Performance', and Paralympic Athlete' were entered into the electronic database PubMed. RESULTS: Thirty-four studies were included. Biomechanical studies in Paralympics mainly contributed to performance enhancement by technical optimization (n=32) and/or injury prevention (n=6)...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900197/research-priorities-of-international-sporting-federations-and-the-ioc-research-centres
#11
Caroline F Finch, Scott Talpey, Ashley Bradshaw, Torbjorn Soligard, Lars Engebretsen
BACKGROUND/AIM: To be fully effective, the prevention of injury in sport and promotion of athlete's health needs to be both targeted and underpinned by scientific evidence. This study aimed to identify the research priorities of International Sporting Federation (ISFs) compared to the current research focus of the International Olympic Committee Research Centres (IOC-RCs). METHODS: Online survey of ISF Medical Chairpersons (n=22, 69% response) and IOC-RC Directors (n=7, 78% response)...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900160/the-relationship-between-visual-function-and-performance-in-rifle-shooting-for-athletes-with-vision-impairment
#12
Joy Myint, Keziah Latham, David Mann, Phil Gomersall, Arnold J Wilkins, Peter M Allen
BACKGROUND: Paralympic sports provide opportunities for those who have an impairment that might otherwise be a barrier to participation in regular sporting competition. Rifle shooting represents an ideal sport for persons with vision impairment (VI) because the direction of the rifle can be guided by auditory information when vision is impaired. However, it is unknown whether those with some remaining vision when shooting with auditory guidance would be at an advantage when compared with those with no vision at all...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877150/the-level-of-vision-necessary-for-competitive-performance-in-rifle-shooting-setting-the-standards-for-paralympic-shooting-with-vision-impairment
#13
Peter M Allen, Keziah Latham, David L Mann, Rianne H J C Ravensbergen, Joy Myint
The aim of this study was to investigate the level of vision impairment (VI) that would reduce performance in shooting; to guide development of entry criteria to visually impaired (VI) shooting. Nineteen international-level shooters without VI took part in the study. Participants shot an air rifle, while standing, toward a regulation target placed at the end of a 10 m shooting range. Cambridge simulation glasses were used to simulate six different levels of VI. Visual acuity (VA) and contrast sensitivity (CS) were assessed along with shooting performance in each of seven conditions of simulated impairment and compared to that with habitual vision...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874306/power-and-speed-differences-between-brazilian-paralympic-sprinters-with-visual-impairment-and-their-guides
#14
Lucas Pereira, Ciro Winckler, Cesar C Cal Abad, Ronaldo Kobal, Katia Kitamura, Amaury Veríssimo, Fabio Y Nakamura, Irineu Loturco
This study compared the physical performance of Paralympic sprinters with visual impairments (PSVI) and their guides in jump and sprint tests. Ten PSVI and guides executed squat jumps (SJ), countermovement jumps (CMJ), horizontal quintuple right/left-leg jumps (QR/QL), decuple jumps (DEC), and 50-m-sprint tests. The guides were superior to the PSVI in SJ (35.9 ± 6.3 vs 45.6 ± 3.2 cm), CMJ (38.5 ± 6.2 vs 46.7 ± 4.0 cm), QR (9.2 ± 1.9 vs 12.7 ± 1.0 m), QL (9.4 ± 1.9 vs 13.1 ± 0.8 m), DEC (21.0 ± 3.3 vs...
October 2016: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874305/paralympic-legacy-exploring-the-impact-of-the-games-on-the-perceptions-of-young-people-with-disabilities
#15
Janine Coates, Philip B Vickerman
The London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games aimed to deliver a legacy to citizens of the United Kingdom, which included inspiring a generation of young people to participate in sport. This study aimed to understand the legacy of the Paralympic Games for children with disabilities. Eight adolescents (11-16 yr) with physical disabilities were interviewed about their perceptions of the Paralympic Games. Thematic analysis found 3 key themes that further our understanding of the Paralympic legacy. These were Paralympians as role models, changing perceptions of disability, and the motivating nature of the Paralympics...
October 2016: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874304/improving-paralympic-development-programs-athlete-and-institutional-pathways-and-organizational-quality-indicators
#16
Yeshayahu Hutzler, Colin Higgs, David Legg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874301/cognitive-predictors-of-performance-in-well-trained-table-tennis-players-with-intellectual-disability
#17
Debbie Van Biesen, Jennifer Mactavish, Janne Kerremans, Yves C Vanlandewijck
Evidence-based classification systems in Paralympic sport require knowledge of the underlying effect of impairment in a specific sport. This study investigated the relationship between cognition and tactical proficiency in 88 well-trained table tennis players with intellectual disability (ID; 29 women, 59 men, M ± SD IQ 59.9 ± 9.6). Data were collected at 3 competitions sanctioned by the International Federation for Para-Athletes with Intellectual Disabilities (INAS). A generic cognitive test consisting of 8 neuropsychological subtests was used to assess cognitive abilities relevant to sport (reaction time, processing speed, and decision speed; spatial visualization; fluid reasoning; memory; executive functioning; and visual processing)...
October 2016: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865425/zika-virus-infection-during-the-olympic-games-in-rio-a-fear-or-an-actual-risk
#18
M Díaz-Menéndez, E Trigo, F de la Calle-Prieto, M Arsuaga
The recent outbreak of Zika virus infection in Brazil has aroused considerable media interest due to its association with neurological malformations in children born from mothers infected by the virus and to its association with Guillain-Barre syndrome in adults. This relationship has led to the World Health Organisation declaring the current epidemic as a "Public Health Emergency of International Concern". Controversy also emerged on the advisability of delaying or changing the location of the Olympic and Paralympic Games, which were held in August at various locations in Brazil...
November 16, 2016: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857844/analysis-of-the-pushing-phase-in-paralympic-cross-country-sit-skiers-class-lw10
#19
Laura Gastaldi, Stefano Mauro, Stefano Pastorelli
Paralympic Cross-Country sit-skiers use adaptive equipment, with a resulting gesture similar to double poling techniques adopted by able-bodied skiers. Despite the similarity, a specific attention on the gesture performed by sit-skiers is needed. The paper focuses on the sledge kinematic and on inertia effect of upper body motion which is translated in a propulsive effect in the early stage of the pushing cycle. In particular a group of 7 elite sit skiers of class LW10 were recorded with a video-based markerless motion capture technique during 1 km sprint Paralympic race...
November 2016: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826257/editorial-rio-tokyo-paralympic-games-and-beyond-how-to-prepare-athletes-with-motor-disabilities-for-peaking
#20
EDITORIAL
Pierre-Marie Leprêtre, Victoria L Goosey-Tolfrey, Thomas W J Janssen, Claudio Perret
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
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