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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351955/mitigating-risk-of-injury-in-alpine-skiing-in-the-pyeongchang-2018-paralympic-winter-games-the-time-is-now
#1
EDITORIAL
Wayne Derman, Cheri Blauwet, Nick Webborn, Martin Schwellnus, Peter Van de Vliet, Dimitrije Lazarovski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340006/the-impact-of-the-progressive-efficiency-test-on-a-rowing-ergometer-on-white-blood-cells-distribution-and-clinical-chemistry-changes-in-paralympic-rowers-during-the-preparatory-stage-before-the-paralympic-games-in-rio-2016-a-case-report
#2
Robert Nowak, Rafał Buryta, Krzysztof Krupecki, Tomasz Zając, Marek Zawartka, Patrizia Proia, Dorota Kostrzewa-Nowak
There is a large gap in knowledge regarding research on post-exercise blood changes in disabled athletes. There are relatively few data on adaptive mechanisms to exercise in disabled athletes, including disabled rowers. Two rowers from a Polish adaptive rowing settle TAMix2x that qualified for the Paralympic Games in Rio, 2016 took part in this study. They performed a progressive test on a rowing ergometer until exhaustion. The cardiorespiratory fitness measures, complete blood count, white blood cells' distribution and 30 clinical chemistry variables describing laboratory diagnostic profiles and general health were determined...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340002/performance-changes-of-elite-paralympic-judo-athletes-during-a-paralympic-games-cycle-a-case-study-with-the-brazilian-national-team
#3
Irineu Loturco, Lucas A Pereira, Ciro Winckler, Jaime R Bragança, Roger A da Fonseca, Ronaldo Kobal, Cesar C Cal Abad, Katia Kitamura, Fabio Y Nakamura, Emerson Franchini
The aim of this study was to describe the variations in power performance of elite Paralympic judo athletes across three consecutive training cycles of preparation for the ParaPan American Games, the World Championship and the Paralympic Games. Eleven Paralympic judokas from the Brazilian National team participated in this study. They were repeatedly assessed using squat and countermovement jumps, mean propulsive power (MPP) in the jump-squat (JS), the bench press and prone bench pull at several moments of the preparation...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340001/neuromuscular-control-during-the-bench-press-movement-in-an-elite-disabled-and-able-bodied-athlete
#4
Artur Gołaś, Anna Zwierzchowska, Adam Maszczyk, Michał Wilk, Petr Stastny, Adam Zając
The disabled population varies significantly in regard to physical fitness, what is conditioned by the damage to the locomotor system. Recently there has been an increased emphasis on the role of competitive sport in enhancing health and the quality of life of individuals with disability. One of the sport disciplines of Paralympics is the flat bench press. The bench press is one of the most popular resistance exercises used for the upper body in healthy individuals. It is used not only by powerlifters, but also by athletes in most strength-speed oriented sport disciplines...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326905/neuromuscular-features-in-sprinters-with-cerebral-palsy-case-studies-based-on-paralympic-classification
#5
Diego Antunes, Mateus Rossato, Rafael Lima Kons, Raphael Luiz Sakugawa, Gabriela Fischer
Despite the evolution of runner performance in athletes with cerebral palsy (CP), little is known about neuromuscular parameters of sprinters from different classes, especially related to power output, muscular imbalances and asymmetry indexes in lower limbs. The aim of this study was to assess muscle power, muscular imbalance and asymmetry in sprinters with CP. Four male sprinters with CP (age, 18 to 27 years; body mass, 58.5 to 72.8 kg; height, 161.5 to 174 cm) classified as T38, T37, T36, T35 according to International Paralympic Committee functional classification, performed vertical counter movement jump and squat jump on force plate and isokinetic torque evaluations in both limbs...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276543/an-investigation-of-home-advantage-in-the-summer-paralympic-games
#6
Darryl Wilson, Girish Ramchandani
Purpose: There is a paucity of home advantage research set in the context of para-sport events. It is this gap in the knowledge that this paper addresses by investigating the prevalence and size of home advantage in the Summer Paralympic Games. Methods: Using a standardised measure of success, we compared the performances of nations when competing at home with their own performances away from home in the competition between 1960 and 2016. Both country-level and individual sport-level analyses were conducted for this time frame...
2017: Sport Sciences for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191982/case-studies-in-physiology-exercise-induced-diaphragm-fatigue-in-a-paralympic-champion-rower-with-spinal-cord-injury
#7
Nicholas B Tiller, Thomas R Aggar, Christopher R West, Lee M Romer
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this case report was to determine whether maximal upper-body exercise was sufficient to induce diaphragm fatigue in a Paralympic champion adaptive rower with low-lesion spinal cord injury (SCI). CASE PRESENTATION: An elite arms-only oarsman (age 28 y, stature 1.89 m, mass 90.4 kg) with motor-complete SCI (T12) performed a 1000 m time-trial on an adapted rowing ergometer. Exercise measurements comprised pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange, diaphragm EMG-derived indices of neural respiratory drive and intrathoracic pressure-derived indices of respiratory mechanics...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187343/an-ehealth-application-of-self-reported-sports-related-injuries-and-illnesses-in-paralympic-sport-pilot-feasibility-and-usability-study
#8
Kristina Fagher, Jenny Jacobsson, Örjan Dahlström, Toomas Timpka, Jan Lexell
BACKGROUND: Sport participation is associated with a risk of sports-related injuries and illnesses, and Paralympic athletes' additional medical issues can be a challenge to health care providers and medical staff. However, few prospective studies have assessed sports-related injuries and illnesses in Paralympic sport (SRIIPS) over time. Advances in mobile phone technology and networking systems offer novel opportunities to develop innovative eHealth applications for collection of athletes' self-reports...
November 29, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182422/salivary-biomarkers-and-training-load-during-training-and-competition-in-paralympic-swimmers
#9
Ciara Sinnott-O'Connor, Tom Comyns, Alan M Nevill, Giles Warrington
PURPOSE: Stress responses in athletes can be attributed to training and also competition, where increased physiological and psychological stress may negatively impact on performance and recovery. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between training load and salivary biomarkers IgA, alpha-amylase (AA) and cortisol across a 16-week preparation phase and 10-day competition phase in Paralympic swimmers. METHODS: Four Paralympic swimmers provided bi-weekly saliva samples during three training phases - 1) normal training, 2) intensified training and 3) taper as well as daily saliva samples in the 10 day Paralympic competition (2016 Paralympic Games)...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182365/career-development-and-learning-pathways-of-paralympic-coaches-with-a-disability
#10
Scott Douglas, William R Falcão, Gordon A Bloom
The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the career development and learning pathways of Paralympic head coaches who previously competed as Paralympic athletes. Each coach participated in a semistructured interview. A thematic analysis of the data revealed three higher order themes, which were called becoming a coach, learning to coach, and lifelong learning and teaching. Across these themes, participants discussed interactions with other coaches and athletes with a disability, learning from mentors and coaching clinics, as well as limited formal educational opportunities they experienced transitioning from athlete to head coach...
November 28, 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176957/manual-dexterity-and-intralimb-coordination-assessment-to-distinguish-different-levels-of-impairment-in-boccia-players-with-cerebral-palsy
#11
Alba Roldan, Rafael Sabido, David Barbado, Carla Caballero, Raúl Reina
Background: Boccia is a paralympic sport played by athletes with severe neurological impairments affecting all four limbs. Impaired manual dexterity (MD) and intralimb coordination (ILC) may limit individuals' ability to perform certain activities such as grasping, releasing, or manipulating objects, which are essential tasks for daily life or to participate in para sports such as boccia. However, there are currently no specific instruments available to assess hand-arm coordination in boccia players with severe cerebral palsy (CP)...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167568/elite-long-jumpers-with-below-the-knee-prostheses-approach-the-board-slower-but-take-off-more-effectively-than-non-amputee-athletes
#12
Steffen Willwacher, Johannes Funken, Kai Heinrich, Ralf Müller, Hiroaki Hobara, Alena M Grabowski, Gert-Peter Brüggemann, Wolfgang Potthast
The use of technological aids to improve sport performance ('techno doping') and inclusion of Paralympic athletes in Olympic events are matters of ongoing debate. Recently, a long jumper with a below the knee amputation (BKA) achieved jump distances similar to world-class athletes without amputations, using a carbon fibre running-specific prosthesis (RSP). We show that athletes with BKA utilize a different, more effective take-off technique in the long jump, which provided the best athlete with BKA a performance advantage of at least 0...
November 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160809/evaluation-of-dietary-intakes-and-supplement-use-in-paralympic-athletes
#13
Robyn F Madden, Jane Shearer, Jill A Parnell
Dietary intakes and supplement use in Paralympic athletes remains largely unexplored, and specialized recommendations are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate nutrient intakes and supplement use in high-performance athletes with physical disabilities using three-day food records and a validated dietary supplement use questionnaire. A secondary aim examined gender differences in nutrient and supplement intakes. Male (n = 18) and female (n = 22) athletes were recruited from nine Paralympic sports through sporting organizations, coaches, and social media...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148129/development-of-functional-electrical-stimulation-rowing-the-rowstim-series
#14
Brian Andrews, Robin Gibbons, Garry Wheeler
Potentially, functional electrical stimulation (FES)-assisted exercise may have an important therapeutic role in reducing comorbidities associated with spinal cord injury (SCI). Here, we present an overview of these secondary life-threatening conditions, discuss the rationale behind the development of a hybrid exercise called FES rowing, and describe our experience in developing FES rowing technology. FES rowing and sculling are unique forms of adaptive rowing for those with SCI. The paralyzed leg musculature is activated by multiple channels of electrical pulses delivered via self-adhesive electrodes attached to the skin...
November 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144392/design-and-development-of-a-novel-upper-limb-cycling-prosthesis
#15
Akira Tiele, Shivam Soni-Sadar, Jack Rowbottom, Shilen Patel, Edward Mathewson, Samuel Pearson, David Hutchins, John Head, Stephen Hutchins
The rise in popularity of the Paralympics in recent years has created a need for effective, low-cost sports-prosthetic devices for upper-limb amputees. There are various opportunities for lower-limb amputees to participate in cycling; however, there are only few options for those with upper-limb amputations. If the individual previously participated in cycling, a cycling-specific prosthesis could allow these activities to be integrated into rehabilitation methods. This article describes the processes involved with designing, developing and manufacturing such a prosthesis...
November 16, 2017: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132378/protocol-for-the-study-of-self-perceived-psychological-and-emotional-well-being-of-young-paralympic-athletes
#16
Luca Puce, Lucio Marinelli, Laura Mori, Ilaria Pallecchi, Carlo Trompetto
BACKGROUND: We present the detailed protocol set up to investigate how agonistic sport affects the self-perceived psychological and emotional well-being of disabled young people. METHODS: The study will be carried out on a number of subjects as large as 800-1200, using well-established indices that give a quantitative measure of such well-being, namely SF-12 and PGWBI. The related questionnaires will be administered to the participants to a forthcoming international event, the European Para-Youth Games, 9-15 October 2017, Liguria, Italy, as well as to a reference population of a similar number of subjects, made up of young disabled people that do not practice agonistic sport...
November 13, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132264/leg-amputation-side-determines-performance-in-curve-sprinting-a-case-study-on-a-paralympic-medalist
#17
Johannes Funken, Kai Heinrich, Steffen Willwacher, Ralf Müller, Jonas Böcker, Hiroaki Hobara, Gert-Peter Brüggemann, Wolfgang Potthast
The lower limb kinetics of curve sprinting in amputees are not well described in the literature, particularly with respect to the effect of the side of amputation. This is an issue due to the importance of the knowledge for prosthetic design and classification of athletes. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of side of amputation on curve sprinting performance in athletes with a unilateral leg amputation. A three-dimensional motion analysis system (Vicon), four force plates (Kistler) and a modified mathematical human model (ALASKA) were used to compare clockwise and counter clockwise curve sprinting lower limb kinematics and kinetics of a Paralympic medalist with a left-sided knee exarticular amputation...
November 13, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124974/media-portrayal-of-elite-athletes-with-disability-a-systematic-review
#18
Leanne Rees, Priscilla Robinson, Nora Shields
BACKGROUND: The media plays an important role in shaping society's beliefs about disability and sport. The aim of this systematic review is to identify how elite athletes with disability are portrayed in the media. METHOD: Six electronic databases were searched from 2001 to March 2017 for quantitative or qualitative content analysis of media coverage of elite athletes with disability: SportsDiscus, CINAHL, PsychInfo, Medline 1996-, Embase, and Proquest. Quality assessment and data extraction were performed by two independent assessors...
November 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107585/changing-identity-through-sport-the-paralympic-sport-club-experience-among-adolescents-with-mobility-impairments
#19
Jennifer Piatt, Sangguk Kang, Mary Sara Wells, Shinichi Nagata, Jamie Hoffman, Jennifer Taylor
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with mobility impairments have fewer opportunities to challenge identity as an athlete through sport participation. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: This study examined athletic identity impact of adolescent athletes with mobility impairments who participate in Paralympic Sport Clubs. METHODS: This cross-sectional web-survey design examined demographics (gender, academic level, hours of time spent in sports participation, and preferred amount of time in sport participation) and athletic identity through the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS)...
October 23, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078043/doping-control-analysis-at-the-rio-2016-olympic-and-paralympic-games
#20
Henrique Marcelo Gualberto Pereira, Vinicius Figueiredo Sardela, Monica Costa Padilha, Luciana Mirotti, Alessandro Casilli, Fabio Azamor de Oliveira, Gustavo de Albuquerque Cavalcanti, Lucas Martins Lisandro Rodrigues, Amanda Lessa Dutra de Araujo, Rachel Santos Levy, Pedro Antonio Castelo Teixeira, Felipe Alves Gomes de Oliveira, Ana Carolina Giordani Duarte, Ana Carolina Dudenhoeffer Carneiro, Joseph Albert Medeiros Evaristo, Gustavo Ramalho Cardoso Dos Santos, Giovanni Carlo Verissimo da Costa, Fernando de Lima Castro, Fabio Cesar Sousa Nogueira, Fernanda Bertão Scalco, Luciana Pizzatti, Francisco Radler de Aquino Neto
This paper summarizes the results obtained from the doping control analyses performed during the Summer XXXI Olympic Games (from 03 to 21 August 2016) and XV Paralympic Games (from 07 to 18 September 2016). The analyses of all doping control samples were performed at the Brazilian Doping Control Laboratory (LBCD), a World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)-accredited laboratory located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A new facility at Rio de Janeiro Federal University (UFRJ) was built and fully operated by over seven hundred professionals, including Brazilian and international scientists, administrative staff and volunteers...
October 27, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
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