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Functional Movement Screen

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813968/changes-in-neuromuscular-activity-during-motor-training-with-a-body-machine-interface-after-spinal-cord-injury
#1
C Pierella, A De Luca, E Tasso, F Cervetto, S Gamba, L Losio, E Quinland, A Venegoni, S Mandraccia, I Muller, A Massone, F A Mussa-Ivaldi, M Casadio
Body machine interfaces (BMIs) are used by people with severe motor disabilities to control external devices, but they also offer the opportunity to focus on rehabilitative goals. In this study we introduced in a clinical setting a BMI that was integrated by the therapists in the rehabilitative treatments of 2 spinal cord injured (SCI) subjects for 5 weeks. The BMI mapped the user's residual upper body mobility onto the two coordinates of a cursor on a screen. By controlling the cursor, the user engaged in playing computer games...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813899/the-effects-of-auditory-and-visual-cues-on-timing-synchronicity-for-robotic-rehabilitation
#2
Brittney A English, Ayanna M Howard
In this paper, we explore how the integration of auditory and visual cues can help teach the timing of motor skills for the purpose of motor function rehabilitation. We conducted a study using Amazon's Mechanical Turk in which 106 participants played a virtual therapy game requiring wrist movements. To validate that our results would translate to trends that could also be observed during robotic rehabilitation sessions, we recreated this experiment with 11 participants using a robotic wrist rehabilitation system as means to control the therapy game...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798198/wearable-ballistocardiogram-and-seismocardiogram-systems-for-health-and-performance
#3
Mozziyar Etemadi, Omer T Inan
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are prevalent in the US and many forms of CVDs primarily affect the mechanical aspects of heart function. Wearable technologies for monitoring the mechanical health of the heart and vasculature could enable proactive management of CVDs through titration of care based on physiological status, as well as preventative wellness monitoring to help promote lifestyle choices that reduce the overall risk of developing CVDs. Additionally, such wearable technologies could be used to optimize human performance in austere environments...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783618/performance-of-high-school-male-athletes-on-the-functional-movement-screen%C3%A2
#4
Laura J Smith, James R Creps, Ryan Bean, Becky Rodda, Bara Alsalaheen
OBJECTIVES: (1) Describe the performance of the Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS™) by reporting the proportion of adolescents with a score of ≤14 and the frequency of asymmetries in a cross-sectional sample; (2) explore associations between FMS™ to age and body mass, and explore the construct validity of the FMS™ against common postural stability measures; (3) examine the inter-rater and test-retest reliability of the FMS™ in adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional...
July 11, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772336/the-effect-of-clinical-pilates-on-functional-movement-in-recreational-runners
#5
Anna Laws, Sean Williams, Cassie Wilson
Biomechanical imbalances and inefficient functional movements are considered contributing factors to running-related injuries. Clinical Pilates uses a series of exercises focused on retraining normal movement patterns. This study investigated whether a 6-week course of Clinical Pilates improves functional movement and thereby, potentially, reduces the risk of running-related injuries associated with movement dysfunction. A modified functional movement screen was used to analyze the functional movement ability of forty runners...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768697/a-novel-high-throughput-yeast-genetic-screen-for-factors-modifying-protein-levels-of-the-early-onset-torsion-dystonia-associated-variant-torsina%C3%AE-e
#6
Lucía F Zacchi, John C Dittmar, Michael J Mihalevic, Annette M Shewan, Benjamin L Schulz, Jeffrey L Brodsky, Kara A Bernstein
Dystonia is the third most common movement disorder, but its diagnosis and treatment remain challenging. One of the most severe types of Dystonia is Early-Onset Torsion Dystonia (EOTD). The best studied and validated EOTD-associated mutation, torsinAΔE, is a deletion of a C-terminal glutamate residue in the AAA+ ATPase, torsinA. TorsinA appears to be an Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)/Nuclear Envelope chaperone with multiple roles in the secretory pathway and in determining subcellular architecture. Many functions are disabled in the torsinAΔE variant, and torsinAΔE is also less stable than wild-type torsinA and is a substrate for ER-associated degradation...
August 2, 2017: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759299/international-practice-in-care-provision-for-post-stroke-visual-impairment
#7
Fiona J Rowe
PURPOSE: This study sought to explore the practice of orthoptists internationally in care provision for poststroke visual impairment. METHODS: Survey questions were developed and piloted with clinicians, academics, and users. Questions addressed types of visual problems, how these were identified, treated, and followed up, care pathways in use, links with other professions, and referral options. The survey was approved by the institutional ethical committee. The survey was accessed via a web link that was circulated through the International Orthoptic Association member professional organisations to orthoptists...
July 31, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758189/task-oriented-interventions-for-children-with-developmental-co-ordination-disorder
#8
REVIEW
Motohide Miyahara, Susan L Hillier, Liz Pridham, Shinichi Nakagawa
BACKGROUND: Developmental co-ordination disorder (DCD) is a common childhood disorder, which can persist into adolescence and adulthood. Children with DCD have difficulties in performing the essential motor tasks required for self-care, academic, social and recreational activities. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of task-oriented interventions on movement performance, psychosocial functions, activity, and participation for children with DCD and to examine differential intervention effects as a factor of age, sex, severity of DCD, intervention intensity, and type of intervention...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742937/models-for-discovery-of-targeted-therapy-in-genetic-epileptic-encephalopathies
#9
REVIEW
Snezana Maljevic, Christopher A Reid, Steven Petrou
Epileptic encephalopathies are severe disorders emerging in the first days to years of life that commonly include refractory seizures, various types of movement disorders, and different levels of developmental delay. In recent years, many de novo occurring variants have been identified in individuals with these devastating disorders. To unravel disease mechanisms the functional impact of detected variants associated with epileptic encephalopathies is investigated in a range of cellular and animal models. This review addresses efforts to advance and use such models to identify specific molecular and cellular targets for the development of novel therapies...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742606/functional-movement-screening-and-injury-rates-in-high-school-and-collegiate-runners-a-retrospective-analysis-of-3-prospective-observational-studies
#10
Benjamin V Bring, Miriam Chan, Robin C Devine, Christy L Collins, Jason Diehl, Benjamin Burkam
OBJECTIVE: Determine if the Functional Movement Screening (FMS) can be used to predict injury in high school and collegiate cross-country and track runners. DESIGN: Prospective Observational, Cohort Study, Level of Evidence, 2. SETTING: High schools and colleges in the Central Ohio area. PATIENTS: Inclusion: (1) cross-country or track runners at participating schools; (2) full participation without restrictions; and (3) signed informed assent or consent...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742602/is-there-a-relationship-between-the-functional-movement-screen-star-excursion-balance-test-and-balance-error-scoring-system
#11
Nicole D Harshbarger, Barton E Anderson, Kenneth C Lam
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between the Functional Movement Screen (FMS), Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT), and Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) scores. DESIGN: Correlational. SETTING: College athletic training facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-two intercollegiate athletes (men = 36 and women = 16) representing 8 sports and cleared for unrestricted sport participation. INTERVENTIONS: Participants completed the FMS, SEBT, and BESS, in random order, during 1 testing session...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727641/decreased-average-power-of-the-hip-external-muscles-as-a-predictive-parameter-for-lower-extremity-injury-in-women-a-prospective-study
#12
Ruth Verrelst, Damien Van Tiggelen, Roel De Ridder, Erik Witvrouw
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively identify hip strength associated risk factors contributing to the development of lower extremity (LE) injury. DESIGN: Data were prospectively collected on healthy female physical education students. SETTING: This study was conducted in the institution of the University of Ghent. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-nine female physical education students aged 19.53 ± 1.07 years. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: Testing included isokinetic hip strength measurements of abductors, adductors, internal rotators, and external rotators (ERs)...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720075/physical-activity-body-functions-and-disability-among-middle-aged-and-older-spanish-adults
#13
Alexandre Caron, Alba Ayala, Javier Damián, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Javier Almazán, Juan Manuel Castellote, Madgalena Comin, Maria João Forjaz, Jesús de Pedro
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is a health determinant among middle-aged and older adults. In contrast, poor health is expected to have a negative impact on PA. This study sought to assess to what extent specific International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) health components were associated with PA among older adults. METHODS: We used a sample of 864 persons aged ≥50 years, positively screened for disability or cognition in a cross-sectional community survey in Spain...
July 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715271/comparison-of-trunk-impairment-scale-versions-1-0-and-2-0-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-validation-study
#14
Ylva Nilsagård, Anna Carling, Oskar Davidsson, Lisbeth Franzén, Anette Forsberg
BACKGROUND: Trunk control impairment often accompanies multiple sclerosis (MS). Trunk stability is necessary for movements of extremities, as are selective trunk movements for normal gait. Measuring trunk function is thus of interest. METHODS: We examined the relationships between the Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS1.0 and TIS2.0) and the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), 5 sit-to-stand test (5STS), Timed Up and Go test (TUG), 10-m timed walk test (10TW), 2-min walk test (2MWT), Falls Efficacy Scale - International, and 12-item MS Walking Scale (MSWS-12) in 47 outpatients...
July 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714791/influence-of-body-composition-on-functional-movement-screen%C3%A2-scores-in-collegiate-football-players
#15
Constantine P Nicolozakes, Daniel K Schneider, Ben Rower, James Borchers, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) is used to identify movement asymmetries and deficiencies. While obesity has been reported to impede movement, the correlation between body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage (BF%), and FMS™ in athletes is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is a relationship between BMI, BF%, and FMS™ scores in a sample of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I football athletes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705044/the-genetics-of-hair-cell-function-in-zebrafish
#16
Teresa Nicolson
Our ears are remarkable sensory organs, providing the important senses of balance and hearing. The complex structure of the inner ear, or 'labyrinth', along with the assorted neuroepithelia, have evolved to detect head movements and sounds with impressive sensitivity. The rub is that the inner ear is highly vulnerable to genetic lesions and environmental insults. According to National Institute of Health estimates, hearing loss is one of the most commonly inherited or acquired sensorineural diseases. To understand the causes of deafness and balance disorders, it is imperative to understand the underlying biology of the inner ear, especially the inner workings of the sensory receptors...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Neurogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696012/inhibition-of-snk-spar-signaling-pathway-promotes-the-restoration-of-motor-function-in-a-rat-model-of-ischemic-stroke
#17
Qing-Yu Fan, Jing-Jie Liu, Gui-Lian Zhang, Hai-Qin Wu, Ru Zhang, Shu-Qin Zhan, Na Liu
This study aimed to investigate the effects of SPAR signaling pathway on the restoration of motor function in ischemic stroke (IS). Sprague-Dawley male rats were separated into the control and sham groups, as well as the group for middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model establishment. Successfully established rat ischemic models were randomly divided into model, SNK(MCAO-del) and pcDNA3.1-SNK groups. The evaluation of motor function among the rats in each group was assessed using a balance beam, a screen test and the Garcia scoring method...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692958/grift-a-device-for-quantifying-physiological-and-pathological-mirror-movements-in-children
#18
E Jaspers, K Klingels, C Simon-Martinez, H Feys, D G Woolley, N Wenderoth
Mirror movements (MM) typically occur during unilateral actions and manifest as involuntary muscle activity of the passive limb, which "mirror" voluntary actions executed by the contralateral homologous body part. They are a normal motor feature in young children and gradually disappear during the first decade of life. In children suffering from neurological disorders, e.g. due to an early brain lesion as in unilateral cerebral palsy, the amplitude and occurrence of MM has been proposed to yield relevant information for diagnosis and therapy...
July 5, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680701/finger-and-foot-tapping-as-alternative-outcomes-of-upper-and-lower-extremity-function-in-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Makoto Tanigawa, Jason Stein, John Park, Peter Kosa, Irene Cortese, Bibiana Bielekova
BACKGROUND: While magnetic resonance imaging contrast-enhancing lesions represent an excellent screening tool for disease-modifying treatments in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), this biomarker is insensitive for testing therapies against compartmentalized inflammation in progressive multiple sclerosis (MS). Therefore, alternative sensitive outcomes are needed. Using machine learning, clinician-acquired disability scales can be combined with timed measures of neurological functions such as walking speed (e...
January 2017: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674492/aberrant-intrinsic-activity-and-connectivity-in-cognitively-normal-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Deborah L Harrington, Qian Shen, Gabriel N Castillo, J Vincent Filoteo, Irene Litvan, Colleen Takahashi, Chelsea French
Disturbances in intrinsic activity during resting-state functional MRI (rsfMRI) are common in Parkinson's disease (PD), but have largely been studied in a priori defined subnetworks. The cognitive significance of abnormal intrinsic activity is also poorly understood, as are abnormalities that precede the onset of mild cognitive impairment. To address these limitations, we leveraged three different analytic approaches to identify disturbances in rsfMRI metrics in 31 cognitively normal PD patients (PD-CN) and 30 healthy adults...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
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