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Functional Movement Screen

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443905/a-comparison-of-military-and-law-enforcement-body-armour
#1
Robin Orr, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope
Law-enforcement officers increasingly wear body armour for protection; wearing body armour is common practice in military populations. Law-enforcement and military occupational demands are vastly different and military-styled body armour may not be suitable for law-enforcement. This study investigated differences between selected military body armour (MBA: 6.4 kg) and law-enforcement body armour (LEBA: 2.1 kg) in impacts on postural sway, vertical jump, agility, a functional movement screen (FMS), task simulations (vehicle exit; victim recovery), and subjective measures...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443024/battery-of-behavioral-tests-assessing-general-locomotion-muscular-strength-and-coordination-in-mice
#2
Karlaina Jl Osmon, Meera Vyas, Evan Woodley, Patrick Thompson, Jagdeep S Walia
Behavioral testing is used in pre-clinical trials to assess the phenotypic effects and outcomes that a particular disease or treatment has on the animal's wellbeing and health. There are numerous behavioral tests that may be applied. We selected a test for general locomotion, the open field test (OFT); a test for muscular strength, the mesh test (MT); and a test for coordination, the rotarod test (RR). Testing can be accomplished on a weekly or monthly basis. As a test for general locomotion, the OFT works by objectively monitoring movement parameters while the mouse is in an open field apparatus...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429078/transmembrane-signal-transduction-in-bacterial-chemosensing
#3
Michael D Manson
Like all living organisms, bacteria must communicate with the world around them. As they typically live as single cells, the communication with their environment must occur at the cell membrane, both in moving molecules in and out and in transmitting information about their surroundings to response elements within the cell. This volume is devoted primarily to methods used to study either the behavior of bacteria in response to their environment or methods used to study events that involve signaling pathways that are initiated by events at the cell membrane...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428504/examining-the-association-of-injury-with-the-functional-movement-screen-and-landing-error-scoring-system-in-military-recruits-undergoing-16-weeks-of-introductory-fitness-training
#4
Eoin Everard, Mark Lyons, Andrew J Harrison
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of injury with the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) and Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) in military recruits undergoing an intensive 16-week training block. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-two entry-level male soldiers (18-25years) were tested using the FMS and LESS. The participants underwent an intensive 16-week training program with injury data recorded daily. Chi-squared statistics were used to examine associations between injury risk and (1) poor LESS scores, (2) any score of 1 on the FMS and (3) composite FMS score of ≤14...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409688/classification-and-molecular-pathogenesis-of-nbia-syndromes
#5
REVIEW
Ivano Di Meo, Valeria Tiranti
Brain iron accumulation is the hallmark of a group of seriously invalidating and progressive rare diseases collectively denominated Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation (NBIA), characterized by movement disorder, painful dystonia, parkinsonism, mental disability and early death. Currently there is no established therapy available to slow down or reverse the progression of these conditions. Several genes have been identified as responsible for NBIA but only two encode for proteins playing a direct role in iron metabolism...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406579/intraoperative-interventions-for-preventing-surgical-site-infection-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#6
REVIEW
Zhenmi Liu, Jo C Dumville, Gill Norman, Maggie J Westby, Jane Blazeby, Emma McFarlane, Nicky J Welton, Louise O'Connor, Julie Cawthorne, Ryan P George, Emma J Crosbie, Amber D Rithalia, Hung-Yuan Cheng
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) rates vary from 1% to 5% in the month following surgery. Due to the large number of surgical procedures conducted annually, the costs of these SSIs can be considerable in financial and social terms. Many interventions are used with the aim of reducing the risk of SSI in people undergoing surgery. These interventions can be broadly delivered at three stages: preoperatively, intraoperatively and postoperatively. The intraoperative interventions are largely focused on decontamination of skin using soap and antiseptics; the use of barriers to prevent movement of micro-organisms into incisions; and optimising the patient's own bodily functions to promote best recovery...
February 6, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405798/the-effect-of-core-stability-training-on-functional-movement-patterns-in-collegiate-athletes
#7
Sajad Bagherian, Khodayar Ghasempoor, Nader Rahnama, Erik A Wikstrom
CONTEXT: Pre-participation examinations are the standard approach for assessing poor movement quality that would increase musculoskeletal injury risk. However, little is known about how core stability influences functional movement patterns. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an 8-week core stability program on functional movement patterns in collegiate athletes. The secondary purpose was to determine if the core stability training program would be more effective in those with worse movement quality (i...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380503/oral-function-as-an-indexing-parameter-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-older-adults
#8
Yutaka Watanabe, Hidenori Arai, Hirohiko Hirano, Shiho Morishita, Yuki Ohara, Ayako Edahiro, Masaharu Murakami, Hiroyuki Shimada, Takeshi Kikutani, Takao Suzuki
AIM: To investigate the association between mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and oral status, and to develop an oral-based screening index for MCI. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a total of 5104 community-dwelling adults (aged ≥65 years) from the Obu Study of Health Promotion for the Elderly. Screening for MCI included a standardized personal interview, Mini-Mental State Examination, Geriatrics and Gerontology-Functional Assessment Tool (which included 8 tasks used to assess logical memory, word list memory, attention and executive function, processing speed, and visuospatial skill) and oral status...
January 30, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379881/biallelic-chp1-mutation-causes-human-autosomal-recessive-ataxia-by-impairing-nhe1-function
#9
Natalia Mendoza-Ferreira, Marie Coutelier, Eva Janzen, Seyyedmohsen Hosseinibarkooie, Heiko Löhr, Svenja Schneider, Janine Milbradt, Mert Karakaya, Markus Riessland, Christian Pichlo, Laura Torres-Benito, Andrew Singleton, Stephan Zuchner, Alexis Brice, Alexandra Durr, Matthias Hammerschmidt, Giovanni Stevanin, Brunhilde Wirth
Objective: To ascertain the genetic and functional basis of complex autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia (ARCA) presented by 2 siblings of a consanguineous family characterized by motor neuropathy, cerebellar atrophy, spastic paraparesis, intellectual disability, and slow ocular saccades. Methods: Combined whole-genome linkage analysis, whole-exome sequencing, and focused screening for identification of potential causative genes were performed. Assessment of the functional consequences of the mutation on protein function via subcellular fractionation, size-exclusion chromatography, and fluorescence microscopy were done...
February 2018: Neurology. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376869/establishing-a-new-screening-system-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease-with-mental-rotation-tasks-that-evaluate-visuospatial-function
#10
Ayuko Suzuki, Jun Shinozaki, Shogo Yazawa, Yoshino Ueki, Noriyuki Matsukawa, Shun Shimohama, Takashi Nagamine
BACKGROUND: The mental rotation task is well-known for the assessment of visuospatial function; however, it has not been used for screening of dementia patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to create a simple screening test for patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) by focusing on non-amnestic symptoms. METHODS: Age-matched healthy controls (age 75.3±6.8), patients with MCI (76.5±5.5), and AD (78...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374671/measurement-properties-of-instruments-assessing-permanent-functional-impairment-of-the-spine-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Suelen Meira Goes, Catherine M Trask, Catherine Boden, Brenna Bath, Daniel Cury Ribeiro, Paul Hendrick, Lynne Clay, Xiaoke Zeng, Stephan Milosavljevic
INTRODUCTION: Permanent functional impairment (PFI) of the spine is a rating system used by compensation authorities, such as workers compensation boards, to establish an appropriate level of financial compensation for persistent loss of function. Determination of PFI of the spine is commonly based on the assessment of spinal movement combined with other measures of physical and functional impairments; however, the reliability and validity of the measurement instruments used for these evaluations have yet to be established...
January 27, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372533/visual-attention-shift-to-printed-words-during-spoken-word-recognition-in-chinese-the-role-of-phonological-information
#12
Wei Shen, Qingqing Qu, Xiuhong Tong
The aim of this study was to investigate the extent to which phonological information mediates the visual attention shift to printed Chinese words in spoken word recognition by using an eye-movement technique with a printed-word paradigm. In this paradigm, participants are visually presented with four printed words on a computer screen, which include a target word, a phonological competitor, and two distractors. Participants are then required to select the target word using a computer mouse, and the eye movements are recorded...
January 25, 2018: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364897/slower-saccadic-reading-in-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Naz Jehangir, Caroline Yizhu Yu, Jeehey Song, Mohammad Ali Shariati, Steven Binder, Jill Beyer, Veronica Santini, Kathleen Poston, Yaping Joyce Liao
Idiopathic Parkinson's Disease (PD) is characterized by degeneration of dopaminergic and other neurons, leading to motor and non-motor deficits. Abnormal eye movements in PD, including fixations, saccades, and convergence, are well described. However, saccadic reading, which requires serial and alternating saccades and fixations, is not well studied, despite its obvious impact on the quality of life. In this study, we assessed saccadic reading using variations of the King-Devick (KD) test, a rapid single digit number naming test, as a way to assess the ability to make serial left-to-right ocular motor movements necessary for reading...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350110/construct-validity-of-the-resistance-training-skills-battery-in-children-aged-7-10-years
#14
Michael J Duncan, Chelsey Lawson, Josh Hurst, Jason Tallis, Victoria Jones, Emma L J Eyre
The current study sought to examine the construct validity of the Resistance Training Skills Battery for Children (RTSBc), a movement screen purported to assess resistance training skill in children. Children aged 7-10 years (n = 27, 21 males, 6 females) undertook measures of resistance training skill via the RTSBc, motor competence and muscular fitness. Using a median split for RTSBc scores, children were categorised as high or low resistance training competence. Univariate ANCOVAs, controlling for maturation, were used to examine whether measures of muscular fitness and motor competence scores differed as a function of RTSBc competence...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330612/analysis-of-the-stomatognathic-system-of-children-according-orthodontic-treatment-needs
#15
Simone Cecílio Hallak Regalo, Bárbara de Lima Lucas, Kranya Victoria Díaz-Serrano, Nicolly Parente Ribeiro Frota, Isabela Hallak Regalo, Mariângela Salles Pereira Nassar, Mariah Acioli Righetti, Lígia Franco Oliveira, Lígia Maria Napolitano Gonçalves, Selma Siéssere, Marcelo Palinkas
PURPOSE: The present study evaluated electromyographic activity (EMG), masticatory performance, and tongue strength in children without and with orthodontic treatment needs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 90 children were screened and divided into the following groups: Group I (no treatment needed; mean age: 8.00 ± 0.43 years; n = 26), Group II (few malocclusions, treatment needed; mean age: 8.89 ± 0.43 years; n = 28), and Group III (slight-to-borderline treatment needed; mean age: 8...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316781/quantitative-assessment-of-hand-dysfunction-in-patients-with-early-parkinson-s-disease-and-focal-hand-dystonia
#16
Deepa Kandaswamy, MuthuKumar M, Mathew Alexander, Krishna Prabhu, Mahasampath Gowri S, Srinivasa Babu Krothapalli
OBJECTIVE: Motor impairments related to hand function are common symptoms in patients with movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease (PD) and focal hand dystonia (FHD). However, hand dysfunction has not been quantitatively assessed as a clinical tool for screening patient groups from healthy controls (HCs). The aim of our study was 1) to quantitatively assess hand dysfunction in patients with PD and FHD and its usefulness as a screening tool 2) to grade disease severity in PD and FHD based on hand dysfunction...
January 2018: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313315/eye-movement-patterns-in-face-recognition-are-associated-with-cognitive-decline-in-older-adults
#17
Cynthia Y H Chan, Antoni B Chan, Tatia M C Lee, Janet H Hsiao
The Hidden Markov Modeling approach for eye-movement data analysis is able to quantitatively assess differences and similarities among individual patterns. Here we applied this approach to examine the relationships between eye-movement patterns in face recognition and age-related cognitive decline. We found that significantly more older than young adults adopted "holistic" patterns, in which most eye fixations landed around the face center, as opposed to "analytic" patterns, in which eye movements switched among the two eyes and the face center...
January 8, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312875/functional-dynamic-radiography-with-computer-analysis-for-physiological-chest-imaging-and-kinematic-joint-imaging
#18
Shigeru Sanada
We developed a functional digital radiography system that provides physiological and functional information of the chest and/or joints using an X-ray flat-panel detector (FPD) system. During chest examination, sequential chest radiographs are taken from inspiration to expiration in order to analyze diaphragmatic movements. Pixel value changes in localized areas of the lung are then assessed to analyze ventilation and circulation. For limb joints, such as the wrist, shoulder, and knee, sequential radiographs during flexion and extension or rotational movement are considered, and movement angles are analyzed...
December 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291230/identification-of-host-cellular-targets-of-ac4-and-av2-proteins-of-tomato-leaf-curl-palampur-virus-and-their-sub-cellular-localization-studies
#19
Poonam Roshan, Aditya Kulshreshtha, Vipin Hallan
Tomato leaf curl palampur virus (ToLCPalV) is a bipartite begomovirus with genome organization typical of old world begomoviruses. It infects commercially important crops and weeds in the Asian subcontinent. Apart from other proteins, the DNA-A of the virus encodes AV2 and AC4 proteins of approximately 13.73 and 6.7 kDa, respectively. In case of other begomoviruses, previous studies have shown the role of AV2 and AC4 proteins in virus movement, pathogenesis and suppression of gene silencing. However, the ToLCPalV proteins are significantly variable in comparison to closest relative and hence there is a need to work out their functions...
December 2017: Virusdisease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281259/development-of-arrayed-colonic-organoids-for-screening-of-secretagogues-associated-with-enterotoxins
#20
Dulan B Gunasekara, Matthew Disalvo, Yuli Wang, Daniel Nguyen, Mark I Reed, Jennifer Speer, Christopher E Sims, Scott T Magness, Nancy L Allbritton
Enterotoxins increase intestinal fluid secretion through the modulation of ion channels as well as activating the enteric nervous and immune systems. Colonic organoids, also known as colonoids, are functionally and phenotypically similar to in vivo colonic epithelium, and have been used to study intestinal ion transport and subsequent water flux in physiology and disease models. In conventional cultures, organoids exist as spheroids embedded within a hydrogel patty of extracellular matrix, and form at multiple depths impairing efficient imaging which is necessary to capture data from statistically relevant sample sizes...
December 27, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
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