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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318357/comparison-of-government-and-non-government-alcohol-and-other-drug-aod-treatment-service-delivery-for-the-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-community
#1
Amy B Mullens, Jane Fischer, Mary Stewart, Kathryn Kenny, Shane Garvey, Joseph Debattista
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) populations are more likely to misuse alcohol and other drugs (AOD), compared to the general population. However, LGBT engagement with AOD treatment is often precluded by insensitivity and misunderstanding of LGBT issues. These treatment barriers may be a consequence of either worker attitudes, organizational factors or a combination of both. Few studies have compared service context as an impediment to AOD treatment. OBJECTIVES: This pilot study sought to examine and compare staff attitudes, knowledge and awareness of LGBT issues in two state-wide AOD services within Australia...
March 20, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317385/does-perceived-safety-modify-the-effectiveness-of-a-walking-group-intervention-designed-to-promote-physical-activity
#2
Jamila L Kwarteng, Amy J Schulz, Graciela B Mentz, Barbara A Israel, Trina R Shanks, Denise White Perkins
PURPOSE: To examine whether perceived safety modified the effectiveness of the Walk Your Heart to Health (WYHH) intervention in promoting physical activity and reducing central adiposity in predominantly non-Latino black (henceforth black) and Latino communities. DESIGN: Generalized estimation equations were used to assess modifying effects of perceived safety on the route and perceived neighborhood safety on (1) WYHH participation at 8 weeks and 32 weeks, (2) associations between participation and physical activity, and (3) associations between physical activity and central adiposity...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316908/exploring-childhood-obesity-prevention-among-diverse-ethnic-groups-in-schools-and-places-of-worship-recruitment-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-data-collection-and-intervention-components
#3
Maria Maynard, Graham Baker, Seeromanie Harding
Small-scale, detailed exploration of the recruitment, assessment, and evaluation processes of obesity intervention among minority ethnic children. The study took place in schools and places of worship during 2008-2010 in London, UK. Measures included 3-day food diaries, 24 h dietary recalls, the Youth Physical Activity Questionnaire, accelerometry, and diet and physical activity self-efficacy questionnaires. Potential intervention components were evaluated via observation, questionnaires, and focus group discussions...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316903/network-guided-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-depression
#4
Marc J Dubin, Conor Liston, Michael A Avissar, Irena Llieva, Faith M Gunning
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: First, we will identify candidate predictive biomarkers of antidepressant response of TMS based on the neuroimaging literature. Next, we will review the effects of TMS on networks involved in depression. Finally, we will discuss ways in which our current understanding of network engagement by TMS may be used to optimize its antidepressant effect. RECENT FINDINGS: The past few years has seen significant interest in the antidepressant mechanisms of TMS...
March 2017: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314500/achieving-sustainable-community-based-health-in-detroit-through-adaptation-of-the-unsdgs
#5
Alexander Plum, Linda Kaljee
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the Rio+20 meeting initiated the concept of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as a continuation of the Millennium Development Goals. The resulting document "The Future We Want" is best conceived as a roadmap toward poverty eradication and sustainable development. Although the SDGs were developed for low- and middle-income countries, many of these same issues face low-resource cities and communities in higher-income countries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to use the SDGs as a platform to develop health-related goals for the city of Detroit...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314065/construction-safety-risk-modeling-and-simulation
#6
Antoine J-P Tixier, Matthew R Hallowell, Balaji Rajagopalan
By building on a genetic-inspired attribute-based conceptual framework for safety risk analysis, we propose a novel approach to define, model, and simulate univariate and bivariate construction safety risk at the situational level. Our fully data-driven techniques provide construction practitioners and academicians with an easy and automated way of getting valuable empirical insights from attribute-based data extracted from unstructured textual injury reports. By applying our methodology on a data set of 814 injury reports, we first show the frequency-magnitude distribution of construction safety risk to be very similar to that of many natural phenomena such as precipitation or earthquakes...
March 17, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306173/investigation-of-the-role-of-template-features-on-the-electrically-induced-structure-formation-eisf-for-a-faithful-duplication
#7
Hongmiao Tian, Jinyou Shao, Xiaoliang Chen, Wei Jiang, Li Wang, Yucheng Ding
Electrically induced structure formation (EISF), as a physical approach to fabricate micro/nano-structures, has attracted much attention because of the simple process, low cost, high efficiency and wide applications on electronics, microfluidics, and so forth. Hitherto, the influence of some process parameters, such as voltage, air gap, film thickness, polymer properties, on the polymeric behavior and the structure formation has been explored, neglecting the effects of the template features, which affect the polymer deformation...
March 17, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303532/enhancing-the-role-of-faith-based-organizations-to-improve-health-a-commentary
#8
Nancy E Schoenberg
Researchers, policymakers, and community members increasingly recognize the potential to leverage faith-based organizations (FBOs) to improve health. This commentary complements Leyva and colleagues' article on whether and how members of FBOs view such a role. The commentary draws on our 13+ years operating a faith-based and community-based research organization, Faith Moves Mountains, in the Appalachian context. Issues to be addressed in the further development of faith-based health promotion include sustainability; adherence to the evidence-based operations of interventions, training, and privacy and protection protocols; and understanding the changing landscape of American public life...
March 16, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293864/using-probabilistic-record-linkage-of-structured-and-unstructured-data-to-identify-duplicate-cases-in-spontaneous-adverse-event-reporting-systems
#9
Kory Kreimeyer, David Menschik, Scott Winiecki, Wendy Paul, Faith Barash, Emily Jane Woo, Meghna Alimchandani, Deepa Arya, Craig Zinderman, Richard Forshee, Taxiarchis Botsis
INTRODUCTION: Duplicate case reports in spontaneous adverse event reporting systems pose a challenge for medical reviewers to efficiently perform individual and aggregate safety analyses. Duplicate cases can bias data mining by generating spurious signals of disproportional reporting of product-adverse event pairs. OBJECTIVE: We have developed a probabilistic record linkage algorithm for identifying duplicate cases in the US Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) and the US Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS)...
March 14, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292563/hiv-task-sharing-between-nurses-and-physicians-in-nigeria-examining-the-correlates-of-nurse-self-efficacy-and-job-satisfaction
#10
Emilia Ngozi Iwu, William L Holzemer
A global shortfall of 12.9 million health care workers has been predicted to occur in the next two decades. Task sharing between physicians and nurses, a method used to help compensate for provider shortages, was shown to improve access to antiretroviral therapy in Africa, but led to nurses performing beyond their scopes of practice. We surveyed 508 nurses in task-shifted roles in Nigeria. Respondents (n = 399) provided information on age, years in practice, gender, registration status, employment site, and access to task-sharing training and mentoring...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292299/adoption-reach-and-implementation-of-a-cancer-education-intervention-in-african-american-churches
#11
Sherie Lou Zara Santos, Erin K Tagai, Mary Ann Scheirer, Janice Bowie, Muhiuddin Haider, Jimmie Slade, Min Qi Wang, Cheryl L Holt
BACKGROUND: Use of technology is increasing in health promotion and has continued growth potential in intervention research. Guided by the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework, this paper reports on the adoption, reach, and implementation of Project HEAL (Health through Early Awareness and Learning)-a community-based implementation trial of a cancer educational intervention in 14 African American churches. We compare adoption, reach, and implementation at the organizational and participant level for churches in which lay peer community health advisors (CHAs) were trained using traditional classroom didactic methods compared with a new online system...
March 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286581/church-based-exchanges-of-informal-social-support-among-african-americans
#12
Robert Joseph Taylor, Linda M Chatters, Karen Lincoln, Amanda Toler Woodward
This study examines the correlates of the types of instrumental support exchanges that occur between church members among African Americans. Exchanges of four types of instrumental support are examined: transportation assistance, help with chores, financial assistance and help during illness. Data for this study are from the National Survey of American Life Re-Interview, the follow-up survey to the National Survey of American Life which is a nationally representative sample of the African American population...
March 2017: Race and Social Problems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282541/measures-of-economic-advantage-associated-with-hpv-positive-head-and-neck-cancers-among-non-hispanic-black-and-white-males-identified-through-the-national-cancer-database
#13
Caryn E Peterson, Shaveta Khosla, Gina D Jefferson, Faith G Davis, Marian L Fitzgibbon, Sally Freels, Timothy P Johnson, Kent Hoskins, Charlotte E Joslin
BACKGROUND: National trends show dramatic increases in the incidence of HPV-related head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) among black and white males. Using cases identified through the National Cancer Data Base, we assessed factors associated with HPV 16- or 16/18 positive HNSCCs among non-Hispanic black and white males diagnosed in the U.S. between 2009 and 2013. METHODS: This sample included 21,524 HNSCCs with known HPV status. Adjusted relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using log-binomial regression...
March 7, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281409/hipsc-disease-modeling-of-rare-hereditary-cerebellar-ataxias
#14
Dunja Lukovic, Victoria Moreno-Manzano, Francisco Javier Rodriguez-Jimenez, Angel Vilches, Eva Sykova, Pavla Jendelova, Miodrag Stojkovic, Slaven Erceg
Cerebellar ataxias are clinically and genetically heterogeneous diseases affecting primary cerebellar cells. The lack of availability of affected tissue from cerebellar ataxias patients is the main obstacle in investigating the pathogenicity of these diseases. The landmark discovery of human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC) has permitted the derivation of patient-specific cells with an unlimited self-renewing capacity. Additionally, their potential to differentiate into virtually any cell type of the human organism allows for large amounts of affected cells to be generated in culture, converting this hiPSC technology into a revolutionary tool in the study of the mechanisms of disease, drug discovery, and gene correction...
October 1, 2016: Neuroscientist: a Review Journal Bringing Neurobiology, Neurology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279973/three-dimensional-cardiac-microtissues-composed-of-cardiomyocytes-and-endothelial-cells-co-differentiated-from-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#15
Elisa Giacomelli, Milena Bellin, Luca Sala, Berend J van Meer, Leon G J Tertoolen, Valeria V Orlova, Christine L Mummery
Cardiomyocytes and endothelial cells in the heart are in close proximity and in constant dialogue. Endothelium regulates the size of the heart, supplies oxygen to the myocardium and secretes factors that support cardiomyocyte function. Robust and predictive cardiac disease models that faithfully recapitulate native human physiology in vitro would therefore ideally incorporate this cardiomyocyte-endothelium crosstalk. Here, we have generated and characterized human cardiac microtissues in vitro that integrate both cell types in complex 3D structures...
March 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277942/hitchhiking-vesicular-transport-routes-to-the-vacuole-amyloid-recruitment-to-the-insoluble-protein-deposit-ipod
#16
Rajesh Kumar, Nicole Neuser, Jens Tyedmers
Sequestration of aggregates into specialized deposition sites occurs in many species across all kingdoms of life ranging from bacteria to mammals and is commonly believed to have a cytoprotective function. Yeast cells possess at least three different spatially separated deposition sites, one of which is termed "Insoluble Protein Deposit (IPOD)" and harbors amyloid aggregates. We have recently discovered that recruitment of amyloid aggregates to the IPOD employs an actin cable based recruitment machinery that also involves vesicular transport (1) ...
March 9, 2017: Prion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277649/development-of-liver-decellularized-extracellular-matrix-bioink-for-3d-cell-printing-based-liver-tissue-engineering
#17
Hyungseok Lee, Wonil Han, Hyeonji Kim, Dong-Heon Ha, Jinah Jang, Byoung Soo Kim, Dong-Woo Cho
The liver is an important organ and plays major roles in the human body. Due to the lack of liver donors after liver failure and drug-induced liver injury, much research has focused on developing liver alternatives and liver in vitro models for transplantation and drug screening. Although numerous studies have been conducted, these systems cannot faithfully mimic the complexity of the liver. Recently, three-dimensional (3D) cell printing technology has emerged as one of a number of innovative technologies that may help to overcome this limitation...
March 9, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277014/-you-are-labelled-by-your-children-s-disability-a-community-based-participatory-study-of-stigma-among-somali-parents-of-children-with-autism-living-in-the-united-kingdom
#18
Lucy Ellen Selman, Fiona Fox, Nura Aabe, Katrina Turner, Dheeraj Rai, Sabi Redwood
OBJECTIVES: Social stigma is commonly experienced by parents of children with autism. Our aim was to understand the nature of stigma experienced by Somali parents of children with autism in the United Kingdom (UK), and to consider how they coped with or resisted such stigma. DESIGN: We used a community-based participatory research approach, collaborating with a community organisation of Somali parents. In-depth interviews with simultaneous translation were conducted with 15 Somali parents of children with autism living in Bristol, UK, in 2015...
March 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275121/functional-identification-of-islet-cell-types-by-electrophysiological-fingerprinting
#19
Linford J B Briant, Quan Zhang, Elisa Vergari, Joely A Kellard, Blanca Rodriguez, Frances M Ashcroft, Patrik Rorsman
The α-, β- and δ-cells of the pancreatic islet exhibit different electrophysiological features. We used a large dataset of whole-cell patch-clamp recordings from cells in intact mouse islets (N = 288 recordings) to investigate whether it is possible to reliably identify cell type (α, β or δ) based on their electrophysiological characteristics. We quantified 15 electrophysiological variables in each recorded cell. Individually, none of the variables could reliably distinguish the cell types. We therefore constructed a logistic regression model that included all quantified variables, to determine whether they could together identify cell type...
March 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274333/smoking-and-common-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-chronic-conditions-an-analysis-of-data-collected-via-a-web-based-screening-system
#20
Faith Matcham, Amy Carroll, Natali Chung, Victoria Crawford, James Galloway, Anna Hames, Karina Jackson, Clare Jacobson, Dulka Manawadu, Lance McCracken, John Moxham, Lauren Rayner, Deborah Robson, Anna Simpson, Nicky Wilson, Matthew Hotopf
OBJECTIVE: Smoking is the largest preventable cause of death and disability in the UK and remains pervasive in people with mental disorders and in general hospital patients. We aimed to quantify the prevalence of mental disorders and smoking, examining associations between mental disorders and smoking in patients with chronic physical conditions. METHOD: Data were collected via routine screening systems implemented across two London NHS Foundation Trusts. The prevalence of mental disorder, current smoking, nicotine dependence and wanting help with quitting smoking were quantified, and the relationships between mental disorder and smoking were examined, adjusting for age, gender and physical illness, with multiple regression models...
March 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
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