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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636455/the-role-of-the-healthcare-chaplain-a-literature-review
#1
Fiona Timmins, Sílvia Caldeira, Maryanne Murphy, Nicolas Pujol, Greg Sheaf, Elizabeth Weathers, Jacqueline Whelan, Bernadette Flanagan
Healthcare chaplains operate in many healthcare sites internationally and yet their contribution is not always clearly understood by medical and healthcare staff. This review aims to explore the chaplains' role in healthcare, with a view to informing best practice in future healthcare chaplaincy. Overall the extent of the provision and staffing of chaplaincy service internationally is unclear. From this review, several key spiritual and pastoral roles in healthcare emerge including a potential contribution to ethical decision making at the end of life...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630539/theorizing-time-in-abortion-law-and-human-rights
#2
Joanna N Erdman
The legal regulation of abortion by gestational age, or length of pregnancy, is a relatively undertheorized dimension of abortion and human rights. Yet struggles over time in abortion law, and its competing representations and meanings, are ultimately struggles over ethical and political values, authority and power, the very stakes that human rights on abortion engage. This article focuses on three struggles over time in abortion and human rights law: those related to morality, health, and justice. With respect to morality, the article concludes that collective faith and trust should be placed in the moral judgment of those most affected by the passage of time in pregnancy and by later abortion-pregnant women...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626923/comparative-performance-of-deciduous-and-permanent-dental-morphology-in-detecting-biological-relatives
#3
Kathleen S Paul, Christopher M Stojanowski
OBJECTIVES: Dental morphology plays a key role in reconstructing population history and evolutionary relationships at global, regional, and intracemetery scales. At the inter-individual level, it is assumed that close biological kin exhibit greater phenotypic similarity than non-relatives. Heritability estimates provide one measure of phenotypic resemblance but are not easily incorporated into analyses of archaeological samples. In this study we evaluate the assumption that relatives are more similar phenotypically than non-relatives...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624208/safe-and-efficient-silencing-with-a-pol-ii-but-not-a-pol-lii-promoter-expressing-an-artificial-mirna-targeting-human-huntingtin
#4
Edith L Pfister, Kathryn O Chase, Huaming Sun, Lori A Kennington, Faith Conroy, Emily Johnson, Rachael Miller, Florie Borel, Neil Aronin, Christian Mueller
Huntington's disease is a devastating, incurable neurodegenerative disease affecting up to 12 per 100,000 patients worldwide. The disease is caused by a mutation in the Huntingtin (Htt) gene. There is interest in reducing mutant Huntingtin by targeting it at the mRNA level, but the maximum tolerable dose and long-term effects of such a treatment are unknown. Using a self-complementary AAV9 vector, we delivered a mir-155-based artificial miRNA under the control of the chicken β-actin or human U6 promoter. In mouse brain, the artificial miRNA reduced the human huntingtin mRNA by 50%...
June 16, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622933/evaluating-the-potential-for-tactical-hunting-in-the-middle-stone-age-insights-from-a-bonebed-of-the-extinct-bovid-rusingoryx-atopocranion
#5
Kirsten E Jenkins, Sheila Nightingale, J Tyler Faith, Daniel J Peppe, Lauren A Michel, Steven G Driese, Kieran P McNulty, Christian A Tryon
The foraging behaviors of Middle Stone Age (MSA) early modern humans have largely been based on evidence from well-stratified cave sites in South Africa. Whereas these sites have provided an abundance of data for behavioral reconstruction that are unmatched elsewhere in Africa, they are unlikely to preserve evidence of the diversity of foraging strategies employed by MSA hunters who lived in a variety of ecological and landscape settings across the African continent. Here we describe the results of recent excavations at the open-air site of Bovid Hill at Wakondo, Rusinga Island, Kenya, which yielded 24 in situ MSA artifacts within an assemblage of bones comprised exclusively of the extinct alcelaphin bovid Rusingoryx atopocranion...
July 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616832/-if-it-helps-it-s-worth-a-try-an-investigation-of-perceptions-and-attitudes-about-genetic-counseling-among-southern-manitoba-hutterites
#6
Amber P Gemmell, Patricia McCarthy Veach, Ian MacFarlane, Rachel Riesgraf, Bonnie S LeRoy
Few studies have explored the public's views of genetic counseling services, and even fewer focus on founder populations with high prevalence of genetic disease, such as Hutterites. The Hutterites are an Anabaptist religious group grounded in a strong Christian faith. The primary aim of this study was to assess Hutterites' views of genetic counseling services. A secondary aim was to compare their views to those obtained in a study of rural Midwestern U.S. residents (Riesgraf et al., Journal of Genetic Counseling, 24(4), 565-579, 2015)...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615011/lessons-from-implementing-mass-drug-administration-for-soil-transmitted-helminths-among-pre-school-aged-children-during-school-based-deworming-program-at-the-kenyan-coast
#7
Rosemary M Musuva, Elizabeth Matey, Janet Masaku, Gladys Odhiambo, Faith Mwende, Isaac Thuita, Jimmy Kihara, Doris Njomo
BACKGROUND: The 2012 London declaration which committed to "sustaining, expanding and extending drug access programmes to ensure the necessary supply of drugs and other interventions to help control soil-transmitted helminths (STH) by 2020" has seen many countries in Africa roll out mass drug administration (MDA) especially among school age children. In Kenya, however, during the National school-based deworming exercise, pre-school aged children (PSAC) have to access treatment at primary schools as the pre-school teachers are not trained to carry out deworming...
June 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608949/commentary-studying-and-testing-the-positive-youth-development-model-a-tale-of-two-approaches
#8
Richard M Lerner
Interest in promoting positive development among children and adolescents has always been a focus of developmental science. Historically, many researchers framed this interest using a deficit model that sought to optimize positive development by reducing problems. In the context of the articles in this special section, the author discuss a different conception of positive youth development that has emerged across the past 25 years, one that capitalizes on human plasticity and tests a strength-based model (instead of a deficit one)...
June 13, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605523/retrotransposons-are-specified-as-dna-replication-origins-in-the-gene-poor-regions-of-arabidopsis-heterochromatin
#9
Zaida Vergara, Joana Sequeira-Mendes, Jordi Morata, Ramón Peiró, Elizabeth Hénaff, Celina Costas, Josep M Casacuberta, Crisanto Gutierrez
Genomic stability depends on faithful genome replication. This is achieved by the concerted activity of thousands of DNA replication origins (ORIs) scattered throughout the genome. The DNA and chromatin features determining ORI specification are not presently known. We have generated a high-resolution genome-wide map of 3230 ORIs in cultured Arabidopsis thaliana cells. Here, we focused on defining the features associated with ORIs in heterochromatin. In pericentromeric gene-poor domains ORIs associate almost exclusively with the retrotransposon class of transposable elements (TEs), in particular of the Gypsy family...
June 10, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604228/a-developmental-model-of-clergy-engagement-with-suicide
#10
Karen Mason, Monica Geist, Mollie Clark
Clergy have a key role in suicide prevention but report being undertrained, perhaps because a model that captures the competencies needed to engage suicide in faith communities and how these skills develop has not previously been available. Using grounded theory, this study addressed this gap by generating a developmental rubric based on interviews with 19 Protestant clergy, which were analyzed using a constant comparative method and were checked by interviewees operating at the highest level of development...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603154/community-building-community-the-distinct-benefits-of-community-partners-building-other-communities-capacity-to-conduct-health-research
#11
Jerome Turner, Johnny Smith, Keneshia Bryant, Tiffany Haynes, M Kathryn Stewart, Dennis Z Kuo, Kimberly Harris, Stephanie McCoy, Nakita Lovelady, Greer Sullivan, Karen Hye Yeary
BACKGROUND: Academic partners typically build community capacity for research, but few examples exist whereby community partners build community research capacity. This paper describes the benefits of communities sharing their "best practices" with each other for the purpose of building health research capacity. METHODS: In the context of a grant designed to engage African American communities to address health disparities (Faith Academic Initiatives Transforming Health [FAITH] in the Delta), leaders of two counties exchanged their "best practices" of creating faith-based networks and community health assessment tools to conduct a collective health assessment...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602815/evaluating-fibre-orientation-dispersion-in-white-matter-comparison-of-diffusion-mri-histology-and-polarized-light-imaging
#12
Jeroen Mollink, Michiel Kleinnijenhuis, Anne-Marie van Cappellen van Walsum, Stamatios N Sotiropoulos, Michiel Cottaar, Christopher Mirfin, Mattias P Heinrich, Mark Jenkinson, Menuka Pallebage-Gamarallage, Olaf Ansorge, Saad Jbabdi, Karla L Miller
Diffusion MRI is an exquisitely sensitive probe of tissue microstructure, and is currently the only non-invasive measure of the brain's fibre architecture. As this technique becomes more sophisticated and microstructurally informative, there is increasing value in comparing diffusion MRI with microscopic imaging in the same tissue samples. This study compared estimates of fibre orientation dispersion in white matter derived from diffusion MRI to reference measures of dispersion obtained from polarized light imaging and histology...
June 8, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601961/basal-ganglia-movement-disorders-and-deep-brain-stimulation-advances-made-through-non-human-primate-research
#13
REVIEW
Thomas Wichmann, Hagai Bergman, Mahlon R DeLong
Studies in non-human primates (NHPs) have led to major advances in our understanding of the function of the basal ganglia and of the pathophysiologic mechanisms of hypokinetic movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease and hyperkinetic disorders such as chorea and dystonia. Since the brains of NHPs are anatomically very close to those of humans, disease states and the effects of medical and surgical approaches, such as deep brain stimulation (DBS), can be more faithfully modeled in NHPs than in other species...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600160/family-based-obesity-prevention-for-infants-design-of-the-mothers-others-randomized-trial
#14
Heather M Wasser, Amanda L Thompson, Chirayath M Suchindran, Eric A Hodges, Barbara D Goldman, Eliana M Perrin, Myles S Faith, Cynthia M Bulik, M Jane Heinig, Margaret E Bentley
OBJECTIVE: Our goal is to test the efficacy of a family-based, multi-component intervention focused on infants of African-American (AA) mothers and families, a minority population at elevated risk for pediatric obesity, versus a child safety attention-control group to promote healthy weight gain patterns during the first two years of life. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, AND METHODS: The design is a two-group randomized controlled trial among 468 AA pregnant women in central North Carolina...
June 6, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586630/engaging-community-and-faith-based-organizations-in-the-zika-response-united-states-2016
#15
Scott Santibañez, Jonathan Lynch, Y Peter Paye, Haley McCalla, Joanna Gaines, Kimberly Konkel, Luis J Ocasio Torres, Wayne A North, Anna Likos, Katherine Lyon Daniel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585456/potential-conflicts-in-midwifery-practice-regarding-conscientious-objection-to-abortions-in-scotland
#16
Valerie Fleming, Yvonne Robb
BACKGROUND: This study was developed as a result of a court case involving conflicts between midwives' professional practice and their faith when caring for women undergoing abortions in Scotland. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: What are practising Roman Catholics' perspectives of potential conflicts between midwives' professional practice in Scotland with regard to involvement in abortions and their faith? How relevant is the 'conscience clause' to midwifery practice today? and What are participants' understandings of Canon 1398 in relation to midwifery practice? RESEARCH DESIGN: The theoretical underpinning of this study was Gadamer's hermeneutic out of which the method developed by Fleming et al...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583544/experiences-of-living-donors-for-small-bowel-transplantation
#17
H S Kim, Y S Yoo, M-D Lee, J I Kim
INTRODUCTION: Along with developments in surgical and immunosuppression techniques, the success rate of small bowel transplantation has increased. In Korea, the incidence of small bowel transplantations has increased, and the longest surviving living donor recipient has now survived for over 12 years postsurgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the experiences of living donors for small bowel transplantation before, during, and after the transplantation. METHODS: In one hospital, we conducted interviews, based on open-ended questions, with three small bowel donors...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583024/reach-out-churches-a-community-based-participatory-research-pilot-trial-to-assess-the-feasibility-of-a-mobile-health-technology-intervention-to-reduce-blood-pressure-among-african-americans
#18
Lesli E Skolarus, Joan Cowdery, Mackenzie Dome, Sarah Bailey, Jonggyu Baek, James Brian Byrd, Sarah E Hartley, Staci C Valley, Sima Saberi, Natalie C Wheeler, Mollie McDermott, Rebecca Hughes, Krithika Shanmugasundaram, Lewis B Morgenstern, Devin L Brown
Innovative strategies are needed to reduce the hypertension epidemic among African Americans. Reach Out was a faith-collaborative, mobile health, randomized, pilot intervention trial of four mobile health components to reduce high blood pressure (BP) compared to usual care. It was designed and tested within a community-based participatory research framework among African Americans recruited and randomized from churches in Flint, Michigan. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility of the Reach Out processes...
June 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569423/probing-human-telomeric-dna-and-rna-topology-and-ligand-binding-in-a-cellular-model-using-responsive-fluorescent-nucleoside-probes
#19
Seergazhi G Srivatsan, Sudeshna Manna, Cornelia H Panse, Vyankat A Sontakke, Sarangamath Sangamesh
Development of biophysical systems that enable the understanding of the structure and ligand-binding properties of G-quadruplex forming nucleic acid sequences in cells or models mimicking cellular environment would be highly beneficial in advancing GQ-directed therapeutic strategies. Here, we describe the establishment of a biophysical platform to investigate the structure and recognition properties of human telomeric (H-Telo) DNA and RNA repeats in a cell-like confined environment using conformation-sensitive fluorescent nucleoside probes and a widely used cellular model, AOT (aerosol OT, bis(2-ethylhexyl) sodium sulfosuccinate) reverse micelles (RM)...
June 1, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551503/a-profile-of-child-branding-cases-in-kashmir-valley
#20
Arsalaan F Rashid, Kaiser Ahmed, Farida Noor
The article deals with child branding cases that were researched over a period of two years. Child branding practice is a common occurrence in the rural areas of the Kashmir valley where it is often practiced by faith healers [quacks] having no knowledge of underlying disease processes or the possible differentials of the same; leaving treatment protocols a distant possibility for the same. These illiterate so called healers possibly relieve the initial stigmata of the disease process that is pain by many procedures including burning the affected population with hot coals; embers; and various other pain inducing processes...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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