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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811739/a-fem-experimental-approach-for-the-development-of-a-conceptual-linear-actuator-based-on-tendril-s-free-coiling
#1
Luca Cortese, Selena Milanovic, Renato Vidoni
Within the vastness of the plant species, certain living systems show tendril structures whose motion is of particular interest for biomimetic engineers. Tendrils sense and coil around suitable grips, and by shortening in length, they erect the remaining plant body. To achieve contraction, tendrils rotate along their main axis and shift from a linear to a double-spring geometry. This phenomenon is denoted as the free-coiling phase. In this work, with the aim of understanding the fundamentals of the mechanics behind the free coiling, a reverse-engineering approach based on the finite element method was firstly applied...
2017: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811737/learning-and-developing-individual-exercise-skills-l-a-d-i-e-s-for-a-better-life-a-church-based-physical-activity-intervention-baseline-participant-characteristics
#2
Melicia C Whitt-Glover, Moses V Goldmon, Ziya Gizlice, Daniel P Heil, Njeri Karanja
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) is beneficial for health, yet most African American women do not achieve recommended levels. Successful, sustainable strategies could help to address disparities in health outcomes associated with low levels of PA. The Learning and Developing Individual Exercise Skills (L.A.D.I.E.S.) for a Better Life study compared a faith-based and a secular intervention for increasing PA with a self-guided control group. DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This cluster randomized, controlled trial was conducted from 2010 - 2011 in African American churches (n=31) in suburban North Carolina...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811733/community-partners-in-care-6-month-outcomes-of-two-quality-improvement-depression-care-interventions-in-male-participants
#3
Pratik Mehta, Anthony Brown, Bowen Chung, Felica Jones, Lingqi Tang, James Gilmore, Jeanne Miranda, Kenneth Wells
OBJECTIVE: Limited data exist on approaches to improve depression services for men in under-resourced communities. This article explores this issue using a sub-analysis of male participants in Community Partners in Care (CPIC). DESIGN: Community partnered, cluster, randomized trial. SETTING: Hollywood-Metropolitan and South Los Angeles, California. PARTICIPANTS: 423 adult male clients with modified depression (PHQ-8 score≥10)...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807739/community-based-participatory-research-to-design-a-faith-enhanced-diabetes-prevention-program-the-better-me-within-randomized-trial
#4
Heather Kitzman, Leilani Dodgen, Abdullah Mamun, J Lee Slater, George King, Donna Slater, Alene King, Surendra Mandapati, Mark DeHaven
Reducing obesity positively impacts diabetes and cardiovascular risk; however, evidence-based lifestyle programs, such as the diabetes prevention program (DPP), show reduced effectiveness in African American (AA) women. In addition to an attenuated response to lifestyle programs, AA women also demonstrate high rates of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. To address these disparities, enhancements to evidence-based lifestyle programs for AA women need to be developed and evaluated with culturally relevant and rigorous study designs...
August 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799851/the-role-of-internalized-homonegativity-in-the-faith-and-psychological-health-of-lesbians
#5
Dane R Whicker, Ed de St Aubin, Kim Skerven
Among lesbians, faith-based beliefs and behaviors may be associated with negative psychological health due to the interplay between religious and sexual identities. The present study examined health outcomes, faith-based beliefs (views of God as loving and controlling), faith-based behaviors (personal spiritual practices, religious activities), and internalized homonegativity in a sample of 225 self-identified lesbians. We hypothesized that internalized homonegativity would moderate the relationship between health outcomes and faith-based beliefs and behaviors among lesbians...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799821/a-review-of-palliative-and-hospice-care-in-the-context-of-islam-dying-with-faith-and-family
#6
Maximiliano Mendieta, Robert W Buckingham
BACKGROUND: By starting to understand Muslim culture, we can seek common ground with Islamic culture within the American experience and bridge opportunities for better palliative and hospice care here and in Middle Eastern countries. The United States, Canada, and Europe are education hubs for Middle Eastern students, creating an opportunity for the palliative and hospice care philosophy to gain access by proxy to populations of terminally ill patients who can benefit from end-of-life care...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793835/culturally-tailoring-a-patient-empowerment-and-diabetes-education-curriculum-for-the-african-american-church
#7
Eric Whitney, Elijah Kindred, Abdullah Pratt, Yolanda O'Neal, Rev Chauncey P Harrison, Monica E Peek
Purpose The African American church has long been recognized as a valuable partner for health interventions in the community. While an extensive literature exists documenting the potential efficacy of diabetes education programs in church settings, there has yet to be an effort to leverage spiritual beliefs and practices to promote diabetes self-management and shared decision making within a faith-based framework that is culturally tailored to the African American church. The purpose of this article is to describe the translation of a clinic-based diabetes education program into faith-based education curriculum tailored for use in the African American church...
August 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792207/toward-reservoir-on-a-chip-fabricating-reservoir-micromodels-by-in-situ-growing-calcium-carbonate-nanocrystals-in-microfluidic-channels
#8
Wei Wang, Sehoon Chang, Ayrat Gizzatov
We introduce a novel and simple method to fabricate calcium carbonate (CaCO3) micromodels by in situ growing a thin layer of CaCO3 nanocrystals with thickness of 1-2 µm in microfluidic channels. This approach enables us to fabricate synthetic CaCO3 reservoir micromodels having surfaces fully covered with calcite, while the dimension and geometries of the micromodels are controllable based on the original microfluidic channels. We have tuned the wettability of the CaCO3 coated microchannels at simulated oil reservoir conditions without introducing any chemical additives to the system; and thus the resulting oil-wet surface makes the micromodel more faithfully resemble a natural carbonate reservoir rock...
August 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783623/kronecker-basis-representation-based-tensor-sparsity-and-its-applications-to-tensor-recovery
#9
Qi Xie, Qian Zhao, Deyu Meng, Zongben Xu
It is well known that the sparsity/low-rank of a vector/matrix can be rationally measured by nonzero-entries-number ($l_0$ norm)/nonzero- singular-values-number (rank), respectively. However, data from real applications are often generated by the interaction of multiple factors, which obviously cannot be sufficiently represented by a vector/matrix, while a high order tensor is expected to provide more faithful representation to deliver the intrinsic structure underlying such data ensembles. Unlike the vector/matrix case, constructing a rational high order sparsity measure for tensor is a relatively harder task...
August 2, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776192/role-of-religious-social-support-in-longitudinal-relationships-between-religiosity-and-health-related-outcomes-in-african-americans
#10
Cheryl L Holt, David L Roth, Jin Huang, Eddie M Clark
This study tested a longitudinal model of religious social support as a potential mediator of the relationship between religious beliefs and behaviors, and multiple health-related outcomes (e.g., depressive symptoms, functioning, diet, alcohol use, cancer screening). A national probability sample of African Americans enrolled in the religion and health in African Americans study completed three waves of telephone interviews over a 5-year period (N = 766). Longitudinal structural equation models indicated that religious behaviors, but not beliefs, predicted the slowing of a modest overall decline in positive religious social support, while negative interactions with congregational members were stable...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767368/model-based-referenceless-quality-metric-of-3d-synthesized-images-using-local-image-description
#11
Ke Gu, Vinit Jakhetiya, Jun-Fei Qiao, Xiaoli Li, Weisi Lin, Daniel Thalmann
New challenges have been brought out along with the emerging of 3D-related technologies such as virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), and mixed reality (MR). Free viewpoint video (FVV), due to its applications in remote surveillance, remote education, etc, based on the flexible selection of direction and viewpoint, has been perceived as the development direction of next-generation video technologies and has drawn a wide range of researchers' attention. Since FVV images are synthesized via a depth image-based rendering (DIBR) procedure in the "blind" environment (without reference images), a reliable real-time blind quality evaluation and monitoring system is urgently required...
July 28, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761599/factors-associated-with-severe-malaria-among-children-below-ten-years-in-mutasa-and-nyanga-districts-zimbabwe-2014-2015
#12
Faith Mutsigiri-Murewanhema, Patron Trish Mafaune, Gerald Shambira, Tsitsi Juru, Donewell Bangure, More Mungati, Notion Tafara Gombe, Mufuta Tshimanga
INTRODUCTION: Severe malaria is a rare life threatening illness. Only a small proportion of patients with clinical malaria progress to this medical emergency. On reviewing 61 malaria death investigation forms submitted to the provincial office in 2014, 22(36%) were children below ten years who succumbed to severe malaria. Mutasa and Nyanga Districts reported 73% of these deaths. This study was conducted to determine factors associated with severe malaria so as to come up with evidence based interventions to prevent severe malaria and associated mortality...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759312/wanted-and-unwanted-care-the-double-edged-sword-of-partial-do-not-resuscitate-orders
#13
Nobuhiro Ariyoshi, Masayuki Nogi, Damon Sakai, Eiji Hiraoka, Daniel Fischberg
BACKGROUND: The interpretation of do-not-resuscitate orders (DNRs) may vary in nonarrest situations. To reduce ambiguity, many hospitals allow patients to elect partial DNRs. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of partial DNRs on physicians' willingness to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and nonarrest procedures. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using scenario-based questionnaires between October 2015 and March 2016. A partial DNR was identified as a DNR with Adult Emergency Protocols (AEP) order...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757936/three-point-bending-test-simulation-on-implant-fpds-with-a-bio-faithful-model
#14
V Vertucci, M Montani, C Arcuri, P Cardelli
AIM OF THE STUDY: It is well known by previous important studies that mandible flexes during different jaw movements. According to this assumption it is very important to know how implant supported fixed partial dentures could restrict mandibular movements and, could lead to excess strain accumulation that could modify the resolution of implant treatment. The aim of our project is to create a bio-faithful model able to recreate mandibular movements, during three point bending test methods of (FIXED -PARTIAL -DENTURES) FPDs, to avoid a not flexible metal base, where models' properties doesn't allow to obtain a bio-faithful simulation during testing phases...
January 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757892/maintaining-treatment-fidelity-of-mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-intervention-for-alcohol-dependence-a-randomized-controlled-trial-experience
#15
Aleksandra E Zgierska, Joshua Shapiro, Cindy A Burzinski, Faith Lerner, Victoria Goodman-Strenski
BACKGROUND: Treatment fidelity is essential to methodological rigor of clinical trials evaluating behavioral interventions such as Mindfulness Meditation (MM). However, procedures for monitoring and maintenance of treatment fidelity are inconsistently applied, limiting the strength of such research. OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation and findings related to fidelity monitoring of the Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention for Alcohol Dependence (MBRP-A) intervention in a 26-week randomized controlled trial...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755143/relational-autonomy-in-informed-consent-raic-as-an-ethics-of-care-approach-to-the-concept-of-informed-consent
#16
Peter I Osuji
The perspectives of the dominant Western ethical theories, have dominated the concepts of autonomy and informed consent for many years. Recently this dominant understanding has been challenged by ethics of care which, although, also emanates from the West presents a more nuanced concept: relational autonomy, which is more faithful to our human experience. By paying particular attention to relational autonomy, particularity and Process approach to ethical deliberations in ethics of care, this paper seeks to construct a concept of informed consent from the perspective of ethics of care which is here called relational autonomy-in-informed consent (RAIC)...
July 28, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753657/evolution-of-aortic-pressure-during-normal-ageing-a-model-based-study
#17
Stamatia Pagoulatou, Nikolaos Stergiopulos
BACKGROUND: The age-related increase in pulse pressure (PP) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) is often attributed to alterations in the wave reflection profile and augmented contributions of the reflected waves. However, clinical evidence shows that the stiffening of the proximal aorta with age and the consequent augmentation of the forward pressure wave plays an equally important role. The relative importance of the forward and reflected wave components in essential hypertension has not yet been fully elucidated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752814/a-matter-of-scale-and-dimensions-chromatin-of-chromosome-landmarks-in-the-fungi
#18
Allyson A Erlendson, Steven Friedman, Michael Freitag
Chromatin and chromosomes of fungi are highly diverse and dynamic, even within species. Much of what we know about histone modification enzymes, RNA interference, DNA methylation, and cell cycle control was first addressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Aspergillus nidulans, and Neurospora crassa. Here, we examine the three landmark regions that are required for maintenance of stable chromosomes and their faithful inheritance, namely, origins of DNA replication, telomeres and centromeres...
July 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750071/rising-tones-and-rustling-noises-metaphors-in-gestural-depictions-of-sounds
#19
Guillaume Lemaitre, Hugo Scurto, Jules Françoise, Frédéric Bevilacqua, Olivier Houix, Patrick Susini
Communicating an auditory experience with words is a difficult task and, in consequence, people often rely on imitative non-verbal vocalizations and gestures. This work explored the combination of such vocalizations and gestures to communicate auditory sensations and representations elicited by non-vocal everyday sounds. Whereas our previous studies have analyzed vocal imitations, the present research focused on gestural depictions of sounds. To this end, two studies investigated the combination of gestures and non-verbal vocalizations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747645/quantum-parametric-mode-sorting-beating-the-time-frequency-filtering
#20
Amin Shahverdi, Yong Meng Sua, Lubna Tumeh, Yu-Ping Huang
Selective detection of signal over noise is essential to measurement and signal processing. Time-frequency filtering has been the standard approach for the optimal detection of non-stationary signals. However, there is a fundamental tradeoff between the signal detection efficiency and the amount of undesirable noise detected simultaneously, which restricts its uses under weak signal yet strong noise conditions. Here, we demonstrate quantum parametric mode sorting based on nonlinear optics at the edge of phase matching to improve the tradeoff...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
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