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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227261/myocardial-ischemic-beat-and-episode-detection-based-on-morphology-and-correcting-window-method
#1
Sung-Nien Yu, Po-Chuan Tsai, Sung-Nien Yu, Po-Chuan Tsai, Sung-Nien Yu, Po-Chuan Tsai
The objective of this study is to develop a simple and high-performance algorithm for detecting myocardial ischemic beats (MI beats) and episodes. We first applied preprocessing algorithms to reduce noises and artifacts coming from the environmental or human movements. Then, we simplified the procedures of identifying the important points and defined these points based only on heart rate and the R peak which is relatively unaffected by the noises. Finally, a correcting window was employed to re-evaluate the results for more accurately identify the MI beats and episodes...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227216/prediction-of-individual-prosthesis-size-for-valve-sparing-aortic-root-reconstruction-based-on-geometric-features
#2
J Hagenah, E Werrmann, M Scharfschwerdt, F Ernst, C Metzner, J Hagenah, E Werrmann, M Scharfschwerdt, F Ernst, C Metzner, C Metzner, E Werrmann, J Hagenah, F Ernst, M Scharfschwerdt
Valve-sparing aortic root reconstruction is an up- and-coming approach for patients suffering from aortic valve insufficiencies which promises to significantly reduce complications. However, the success of the treatment strongly depends on the challenging task of choosing the correct size of the prosthesis, for which, up to now, surgeons solely have to rely on their experience. Here, we present a novel machine learning based approach, which might make it possible to predict the size of the prosthesis from pre-operatively acquired ultrasound images...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224412/antihypertensive-medication-use-and-risk-of-renal-cell-carcinoma
#3
Joanne S Colt, Jonathan N Hofmann, Kendra Schwartz, Wong-Ho Chow, Barry I Graubard, Faith Davis, Julie Ruterbusch, Sonja Berndt, Mark P Purdue
PURPOSE: Use of antihypertensive medications has been associated with renal cell carcinoma (RCC), but it is unclear whether specific types of medications increase RCC risk independent of the effect of hypertension, or whether the association varies by histologic subtype. To address this question, we analyzed data from a U.S. population-based case-control study of RCC. METHODS: We collected information on participants' use of drugs to treat hypertension, heart problems, weight control, and swelling...
February 21, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222493/mobilising-culture-against-domestic-violence-in-migrant-and-ethnic-communities-practitioner-perspectives-from-aotearoa-new-zealand
#4
Rachel Simon-Kumar, Priya A Kurian, Faith Young-Silcock, Nirmala Narasimhan
Studies on domestic violence in ethnic minority communities highlight that social norms, family structures and cultural practices are among the key triggers of violence against women. Not surprisingly, most anti-violence interventions in these communities aim to redeem women from the oppressive features of these cultures. More recently, however, emergent scholarship advocates mobilising, rather than erasing, culture within existing anti-violence strategies. This paper explores the nature of culturally informed interventions used by front-line workers...
February 21, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219993/low-prevalence-of-substandard-and-falsified-antimalarial-and-antibiotic-medicines-in-public-and-faith-based-health-facilities-of-southern-malawi
#5
Felix Khuluza, Stephen Kigera, Lutz Heide
Substandard and falsified antimalarial and antibiotic medicines represent a serious problem for public health, especially in low- and middle-income countries. However, information on the prevalence of poor-quality medicines is limited. In the present study, samples of six antimalarial and six antibiotic medicines were collected from 31 health facilities and drug outlets in southern Malawi. Random sampling was used in the selection of health facilities. For sample collection, an overt approach was used in licensed facilities, and a mystery shopper approach in nonlicensed outlets...
February 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219763/utility-of-japanese-encephalitis-virus-subgenomic-replicon-based-single-round-infectious-particles-as-antigens-in-neutralization-tests-for-zika-virus-and-three-other-flaviviruses
#6
Atsushi Yamanaka, Meng Ling Moi, Tomohiko Takasaki, Ichiro Kurane, Mami Matsuda, Ryosuke Suzuki, Eiji Konishi
The introduction of a foreign virus into an area may cause an outbreak, as with the Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak in the Americas. Preparedness for handling a viral outbreak involves the development of tests for the serodiagnosis of foreign virus infections. We previously established a gene-based technology to generate some flaviviral antigens useful for functional antibody assays. The technology utilizes a Japanese encephalitis virus subgenomic replicon to generate single-round infectious particles (SRIPs) that possess designed surface antigens...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214724/where-biomedicalisation-and-magic-meet-therapeutic-innovations-of-elite-sports-injury-in-british-professional-football-and-cycling
#7
Alex Faulkner, Michael McNamee, Catherine Coveney, Jonathan Gabe
Injury is a conspicuous feature of the practice and public spectacle of contemporary elite sports. The paper argues that the 'biomedicalisation' thesis (medico-industrial nexus, techno-scientific drivers, medical optimisation, biologisation, the rise of evidence and health surveillance) goes some way to capturing the use in elite sports injury of some highly specialised mainstream therapies and some highly maverick biological therapies, which are described. Nevertheless, these main strands of biomedicalisation do not capture the full range of these phenomena in the contexts of sports medicine and athletes' practices in accessing innovative, controversial therapies...
February 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208890/operational-assessment-of-icds-scheme-at-grass-root-level-in-a-rural-area-of-eastern-india-time-to-introspect
#8
Jyotiranjan Sahoo, Preetam B Mahajan, Sourabh Paul, Vikas Bhatia, Abhinash K Patra, Dilip Kumar Hembram
INTRODUCTION: Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS), a flagship program of Government of India (GoI) for early childhood development hasn't delivered the desired results since its inception four decades ago. This could be due to infrastructural problems, lack of awareness and proper utilization by the local people, inadequate program monitoring and corruption in food supplies, etc. This study is an audit of 36 Anganwadi centres at Khordha district, Odisha, to evaluate the implementation of the ICDS...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207395/video-vectorization-via-tetrahedral-remeshing
#9
Chuan Wang, Jie Zhu, Yanwen Guo, Wenping Wang
We present a video vectorization method that generates a video in vector representation from an input video in raster representation. A vector-based video representation offers the benefits of vector graphics, such as compactness and scalability. The vector video we generate is represented by a simplified tetrahedral control mesh over the spatial-temporal video volume, with color attributes defined at the mesh vertices. We present novel techniques for simplification and subdivision of a tetrahedral mesh to achieve high simplification ratio while preserving features and ensuring color fidelity...
February 9, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193744/impact-of-the-integration-of-water-treatment-hygiene-nutrition-and-clean-delivery-interventions-on-maternal-health-service-use
#10
Kirsten Fagerli, Katherine O'Connor, Sunkyung Kim, Maureen Kelley, Aloyce Odhiambo, Sitnah Faith, Ronald Otieno, Benjamin Nygren, Mary Kamb, Robert Quick
Reducing barriers associated with maternal health service use, household water treatment, and improved hygiene is important for maternal and neonatal health outcomes. We surveyed a sample of 201 pregnant women who participated in a clinic-based intervention in Kenya to increase maternal health service use and improve household hygiene and nutrition through the distribution of water treatment products, soap, protein-fortified flour, and clean delivery kits. From multivariable logistic regression analyses, the adjusted odds of ≥ 4 antenatal care (ANC4+) visits (odds ratio [OR] = 3...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187136/candidate-genes-and-molecular-markers-associated-with-heat-tolerance-in-colonial-bentgrass
#11
David Jespersen, Faith C Belanger, Bingru Huang
Elevated temperature is a major abiotic stress limiting the growth of cool-season grasses during the summer months. The objectives of this study were to determine the genetic variation in the expression patterns of selected genes involved in several major metabolic pathways regulating heat tolerance for two genotypes contrasting in heat tolerance to confirm their status as potential candidate genes, and to identify PCR-based markers associated with candidate genes related to heat tolerance in a colonial (Agrostis capillaris L...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186888/gamut-extension-for-cinema
#12
Syed Waqas Zamir, Javier Vazquez-Corral, Marcelo Bertalmio
Emerging display technologies are able to produce images with a much wider color gamut than those of conventional distribution gamuts for cinema and TV, creating an opportunity for the development of gamut extension algorithms (GEAs) that exploit the full color potential of these new systems. In this paper we present a novel GEA, implemented as a PDE-based optimization procedure related to visual perception models, that performs gamut extension by taking into account the analysis of distortions in hue, chroma and saturation...
February 7, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185863/offspring-mortality-was-a-determinant-factor-in-the-evolution-of-paternal-investment-in-humans-an-evolutionary-game-approach
#13
Diego López Alonso, Isabel M Ortiz-Rodríguez
Some researchers support the belief that man evolved philandering behavior because of the greater reproductive success of promiscuous males. According to this idea, deserting behavior from the man should be expected along with null paternal involvement in offspring care. Paradoxically however, the average offspring investment in the human male is far higher than that of any other male mammal, including other primates. In our work, we have addressed this conundrum by employing evolutionary game theory, using objective payoffs instead of, as are commonly used, arbitrary payoffs...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166640/what-matters-most-a-mixed-methods-study-of-critical-aspects-of-a-home-based-palliative-program
#14
Claire K Ankuda, Kaileen Kersting, Timothy C Guetterman, Jessica Haefner, Evan Fonger, Michael Paletta, Faith Hopp
BACKGROUND: Home-based palliative care programs have shown value in improving quality of care and lowering costs for seriously ill patients. It is unknown what specific elements of these programs matter most to patients and caregivers. AIM: To identify what services are critical and why they matter to patients in a home-based palliative program. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A mixed methods study of 18 participants in the At Home Support (AHS) program in Southeast Michigan...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165368/reducing-low-birth-weight-among-african-americans-in-the-midwest-a-look-at-how-faith-based-organizations-are-poised-to-inform-and-influence-health-communication-on-the-developmental-origins-of-health-and-disease-dohad
#15
Crystal Y Lumpkins, Jarron M Saint Onge
Low birth weight (LBW) rates remain the highest among African Americans despite public health efforts to address these disparities; with some of the highest racial disparities in the Midwest (Kansas). The Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) perspective offers an explanation for how LBW contributes to racial health disparities among African Americans and informs a community directed health communication framework for creating sustainable programs to address these disparities. Trusted community organizations such as faith-based organizations are well situated to explain health communication gaps that may occur over the life course...
February 4, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155056/nutrient-status-9%C3%A2-years-after-biliopancreatic-diversion-with-duodenal-switch-bpd-ds-an-observational-study
#16
Gladys Witt Strain, Mehyar Hefazi Torghabeh, Michel Gagner, Faith Ebel, Gregory F Dakin, Daniel Connolly, Elizabeth Goldenberg, Alfons Pomp
BACKGROUND: Since biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS) produces hypoabsorption, evaluation of long-term nutrient changes is appropriate. METHODS: Measurements of micronutrients, trace elements, PTH, iron studies, and protein were completed for consented patients at baseline prior to surgery and at yearly intervals. The patients were advised and supplements were adjusted by blood studies with compliance checks. Independent t tests and ANOVAs compared changes between cross-sectional cohorts based on follow-up time from surgery...
February 2, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152932/national-comprehensive-cancer-network-petitions-submissions-and-outcomes
#17
Dinah Faith Huff, William J Hrushesky, Charles Lee Bennett, Kevin Knopf, Michael Baum
: 248 Background: The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) invites petitions to its scientific panels. Most ( > 95%) are from the pharmaceutical industry lobbying to include their products in the NCCN Guidelines. Rarely, physicians request scientific scrutiny of the guidelines. We report the experience of Oncology Analytics (OA) with petition submissions and the possible impact on guidelines. METHODS: From 2011-2015, OA made 7 petitions to NCCN. The content of each was tracked into subsequent NCCN Guidelines to ascertain whether any changes resulted...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152926/cancer-care-decision-support-for-wbc-growth-factors-gf-geographic-differences-in-utilization-and-provider-malleability
#18
Kenneth Sherman Wurtz, Anna DiMarco, Lourdes Feliciano, Dinah Faith Q Huff, Kevin B Knopf, William J Hrushesky, Michael Baum
: 128 Background: Growth factor use is the largest single category of drug expenditure for US cancer patients. Oncology Analytics is a decision support company that assists physicians in determining the appropriate use of GF based on the NCCN, ASCO, and ASH guidelines and the level one data that underlies these guidelines. We hypothesized that there would be geographic variation among GF preference and in the malleability of those practice patterns after OA entered a market. We determined the proportion of initial pegfilgrastim requests for preauthorization over other types of GF as well as the review outcomes and final drug of choice after OA intervention of inappropriate GF requests across three specific jurisdictions: Florida, Puerto Rico, Georgia and Texas...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152362/shared-use-of-physical-activity-facilities-among-north-carolina-faith-communities-2013
#19
Annie Hardison-Moody, Michael B Edwards, Jason N Bocarro, Anna Stein, Michael A Kanters, Danielle Marie Sherman, Lori K Rhew, Willona Marie Stallings, Sarah K Bowen
INTRODUCTION: Shared use of recreational facilities is a promising strategy for increasing access to places for physical activity. Little is known about shared use in faith-based settings. This study examined shared use practices and barriers in faith communities in North Carolina. METHODS: Faith communities in North Carolina (n = 234) completed an online survey (October-December 2013) designed to provide information about the extent and nature of shared use of recreational facilities...
February 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142389/addressing-mental-health-needs-perspectives-of-african-americans-living-in-the-rural-south
#20
Tiffany F Haynes, Ann M Cheney, J Greer Sullivan, Keneshia Bryant, Geoffrey M Curran, Mary Olson, Naomi Cottoms, Christina Reaves
OBJECTIVE: Rural African Americans are disproportionately affected by social stressors that place them at risk of developing psychiatric disorders. This study aimed to understand mental health, mental health treatment, and barriers to treatment from the perspective of rural African-American residents and other stakeholders in order to devise culturally acceptable treatment approaches. METHODS: Seven focus groups (N=50) were conducted with four stakeholder groups: primary care providers, faith community representatives, college students and administrators, and individuals living with mental illness...
February 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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