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Diabetes prevention program

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729836/an-overview-of-herbal-products-and-secondary-metabolites-used-for-management-of-type-two-diabetes
#1
REVIEW
Ajda Ota, Nataša P Ulrih
Diabetes mellitus is a common effect of uncontrolled high blood sugar and it is associated with long-term damage, dysfunction, and failure of various organs. In the adult population, the global prevalence of diabetes has nearly doubled since 1980. Without effective prevention and management programs, the continuing significant rise in diabetes will have grave consequences on the health and lifespan of the world population, and also on the world economy. Supplements can be used to correct nutritional deficiencies or to maintain an adequate intake of certain nutrients...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729164/antenatal-antipsychotic-exposure-induces-multigenerational-and-gender-specific-programming-of-adiposity-and-glucose-tolerance-in-adult-mouse-offspring
#2
E Courty, P Gobalakichenane, M Garcia, A Muscat, C Kazakian, T Ledent, M Moldes, B Blondeau, D Mitanchez, M Buyse, B Fève
Second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) are well known for their metabolic side effects in humans, including obesity and diabetes. These compounds are maintained during pregnancy to prevent the relapse of psychoses, but they readily diffuse across the placenta to the fetus, as documented with the widely-prescribed drug olanzapine (OLZ). However, observational studies have provided conflicting results on the potential impact of SGAs on fetal growth and body weight, and their effects on metabolic regulation in the offspring...
July 17, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727546/a-formative-evaluation-of-a-diabetes-prevention-program-using-the-re-aim-framework-in-a-learning-health-care-system-utah-2013-2015
#3
Kimberly D Brunisholz, Jaewhan Kim, Lucy A Savitz, Mia Hashibe, Lisa H Gren, Sharon Hamilton, Kelly Huynh, Elizabeth A Joy
INTRODUCTION: Evaluation of interventions can help to close the gap between research and practice but seldom takes place during implementation. Using the RE-AIM framework, we conducted a formative evaluation of the first year of the Intermountain Healthcare Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). METHODS: Adult patients who met the criteria for prediabetes (HbA1c of 5.70%-6.49% or fasting plasma glucose of 100-125 mg/dL) were attributed to a primary care provider from August 1, 2013, through July 31, 2014...
July 20, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721593/public-policies-and-interventions-for-diabetes-in-latin-america-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Elizabeth Kaselitz, Gurpreet K Rana, Michele Heisler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Successful interventions are needed to diagnose and manage type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Latin America, a region that is experiencing a significant rise in rates of T2DM. Complementing an earlier review exploring diabetes prevention efforts in Latin America, this scoping review examines the literature on (1) policies and governmental programs intended to improve diabetes diagnosis and treatment in Latin America and (2) interventions to improve diabetes management in Latin America...
August 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720228/percent-weight-reduction-required-to-achieve-minimal-clinically-important-improvements-in-health-related-quality-of-life-among-african-americans-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-fit-body-and-soul-study
#5
Jane T Garvin, Lovoria B Williams, Thomas V Joshua, Stephen W Looney, Lucy N Marion
OBJECTIVE: To calculate the percent weight reduction required to achieve minimal clinically important improvement (MCII) in health-related quality of life (HRQOL). DESIGN: Secondary data analysis from the longitudinal cohort of a single-blinded, cluster-randomized community trial to test the efficacy of the faith-based adaptation of the Diabetes Prevention Program. SETTING: African-American churches. PARTICIPANTS: This study included 472 congregants with a body mass index of ≥25 and fasting plasma glucose<126mg/dl...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719055/endocrine-toxicity-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-essential-crosstalk-between-endocrinologists-and-oncologists
#6
REVIEW
Frédéric Illouz, Claire Briet, Lucie Cloix, Yannick Le Corre, Nathalie Baize, Thierry Urban, Ludovic Martin, Patrice Rodien
Two types of immune checkpoint inhibitors, both antibodies that target cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 and those that target programmed cell death-protein 1, have been approved for use in melanoma, non-small-cell lung cancer, and renal cell carcinoma as first-line or second-line therapy. Their adverse events are primarily regarded as immune-related adverse events. We felt it was important to pinpoint and discuss certain preconceptions or misconceptions regarding thyroid dysfunction, hypophysitis, and diabetes induced by immune checkpoint inhibitors...
July 18, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718382/establishing-clinical-pharmacy-services-with-prescribing-privileges-in-a-federally-qualified-health-center-primary-care-clinic
#7
Jeany K Jun
OBJECTIVES: To describe the process and cost of establishing clinical pharmacy services with prescribing privileges in a federally qualified health center (FQHC) primary care clinic. SETTING: The primary care clinic was located in a low-income area of Southern California and served patients with Medicaid and Medicare. The primary care clinic had preventive medicine and family medicine physicians, a family medicine residency program, behavioral health services, and a registered dietician...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711517/prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Safa Anwar, Nigar Shikalgar
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is recognized as one of the most common endocrinopathies in women of reproductive age, associated with metabolic sequelae which includes increased risk factors for impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The adverse effects of DM2 affects a woman throughout her lifespan. Health care expenditure of DM2 highlights the need for prevention through appropriate screening, diagnosis and intervention. Lifestyle modification (LSM) programs that include diet and/or physical activity are suggested for patients characterized as prediabetic to delay the onset of adult DM2...
July 8, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708479/the-essential-role-of-exercise-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes
#9
REVIEW
John P Kirwan, Jessica Sacks, Stephan Nieuwoudt
Exercise is typically one of the first management strategies advised for patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Together with diet and behavior modification, exercise is an essential component of all diabetes and obesity prevention and lifestyle intervention programs. Exercise training, whether aerobic or resistance training or a combination, facilitates improved glucose regulation. High-intensity interval training is also effective and has the added benefit of being very time-efficient. While the efficacy, scalability, and affordability of exercise for the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes are well established, sustainability of exercise recommendations for patients remains elusive...
July 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707507/marketplace-clinics-complementing-diabetes-care-for-urban-residing-american-indians
#10
Robert Rick, Robert E Hoye, Raymond W Thron, Vibha Kumar
INTRODUCTION: For several decades, the Minneapolis American Indian population has experienced limited health care access and threefold diabetes health disparity. As part of an urban health initiative, the marketplace clinics located in nearby CVS, Target, and Supervalu stores committed financial support, providers, certified educators, and pharmacy staff for a community-based diabetes support group. OBJECTIVES: To measure the extent to which collaborating marketplace clinics and the community-based support group expanded diabetes care and provided self-management education for this largely urban Indian neighborhood...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706406/health-related-factors-associated-with-adherence-to-breast-cancer-screening
#11
Joke Schoofs, Katrien Krijger, Jan Vandevoorde, Dirk Devroey
INTRODUCTION: In Belgium, an effective preventive program for breast cancer exists but as in many countries to few women participates in the screening. This study aims to describe the factors that affect the participation in the national breast cancer screening program. METHODS: The participants were aged between 50 and 69 years and were recruited during an exhibition at the Brussels Exhibition Centre. Medical history and health-related parameters of the participants were recorded...
April 2017: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704405/community-health-workers-for-non-communicable-diseases-prevention-and-control-in-developing-countries-evidence-and-implications
#12
Gursimer Jeet, J S Thakur, Shankar Prinja, Meenu Singh
BACKGROUND: National programs for non-communicable diseases (NCD) prevention and control in different low middle income countries have a strong community component. A community health worker (CHW) delivers NCD preventive services using informational as well as behavioural approaches. Community education and interpersonal communication on lifestyle modifications is imparted with focus on primordial prevention of NCDs and screening is conducted as part of early diagnosis and management...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698749/the-role-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-on-preventing-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Sabri Özdaş, Serdar Olt, Mehmet Şirik
AIM: To investigate the effect of bariatric surgery on HbA1c and serum cortisol levels in morbidly obese patients without type 2 diabetes mellitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine patients who underwent sleeve gastrectomy and whose body mass index was> 40 were included in the present study. Patients' files were reviewed retrospectively. Those with diabetes mellitus and those with age <18 were excluded from the study. Pre-operative and 1-year post operative data were documented...
June 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691461/oral-manifestations-of-selective-iga-deficiency-review-and-case-report
#14
L Azzi, F Croveri, R Vinci, V Maurino, A Boggio, D Mantegazza, D Farronato, A Tagliabue, J Silvestre-Rangil, L Tettamanti
Immunoglobulin A deficiency is the most common primary immunodeficiency defined as decreased serum level of IgA (less than 7 mg/dl) in the presence of normal levels of other immunoglobulin isotypes. Most individuals with IgA deficiency are asymptomatic and identified coincidentally. However, some patients may present with recurrent infections, allergic disorders and autoimmune manifestations, such as diabetes mellitus, Graves disease and celiac disease. The international literature has not produced any kind of review yet about intra-oral manifestations of selective IgA-deficiency...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689339/longitudinal-impact-of-a-park-based-afterschool-healthy-weight-program-on-modifiable-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-youth
#15
Sarah E Messiah, Emily M D'Agostino, Eric Hansen, M Sunil Mathew, Deidre Okeke, Maria Nardi, Jack Kardys, Kristopher L Arheart
Community-based programs hold significant potential to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in youth. We describe here the longitudinal change in several modifiable CVD risk factors after participation in up to 3 years of Fit2Play™, a park-based afterschool program. Children ages 6-15 years old (N = 2261, mean age 9.0 years, 50% Hispanic, 47% non-Hispanic black, 54% male) who participated in Fit2Play™ for either 1-3 school years between 2010 and 2016 had height, weight, 4-site skinfold thicknesses, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, the progressive aerobic cardiovascular endurance run test, and health/wellness knowledge and behavior scores collected at the beginning and end of the school year(s)...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688727/prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-in-u-s-hispanic-youth-a-systematic-review-of-lifestyle-interventions
#16
REVIEW
Jessica L McCurley, Margaret A Crawford, Linda C Gallo
CONTEXT: Prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in youth has increased rapidly in recent decades along with rises in childhood obesity. Disparities in risk and prevalence of T2DM are evident in Hispanic youth when compared with non-Hispanic whites. Targeted diabetes prevention programs have been recommended to reduce risk prior to adulthood in this population. This systematic review explores the effectiveness of lifestyle-based diabetes prevention interventions for Hispanic youth...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679012/rural-religious-leaders-perspectives-on-their-communities-health-priorities-and-health
#17
Nancy E Schoenberg, Mark Swanson
OBJECTIVES: In traditionally underserved communities, faith-based interventions have been shown to be effective for health promotion. Religious leaders-generally the major partner in such interventions-however, are seldom are consulted about community health priorities and health promotion preferences. These insights are critical to ensure productive partnerships, effective programming, and sustainability. METHODS: Mixed-methods surveys were administered in one of the nation's most under-resourced regions: rural Appalachia...
July 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673901/implications-of-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-acc-aha-cholesterol-guidelines-on-statin-underutilization-for-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-diabetes-mellitus-among-several-us-networks-of-community-health-centers
#18
Ehimare Akhabue, Sarah S Rittner, Joseph E Carroll, Phillip M Crawford, Lydia Dant, Reesa Laws, Michael C Leo, Jon Puro, Stephen D Persell
BACKGROUND: Little is known about statin underutilization among diabetes mellitus patients cared for in community health centers, which tend to serve socioeconomically disadvantaged populations. Implications of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines on preexisting gaps in statin treatment in this population are unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 32 440 adults (45% male, 63% nonwhite, 29% uninsured/Medicaid) aged 40 to 75 years with diabetes mellitus who received care within 16 community health center groups in 11 states in the Community Health Applied Research Network during 2013...
July 3, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673089/rural-collaborative-model-for-diabetes-prevention-and-management-a-case-study
#19
Susan Kunz, Maia Ingram, Rosalinda Piper, Tianne Wu, Nina Litton, Joanne Brady, Alana Knudson
Diabetes disproportionately affects racial and ethnic minorities, rural, and impoverished populations. This case study describes the program components and key lessons learned from implementing Vivir Mejor! (Live Better!), a diabetes prevention and management program tailored for the rural, Mexican American population. The program used workforce innovations and multisector partnerships to engage and activate a rural, mostly Hispanic population. Community health worker (CHW) roles were designed to reach and support distinct populations...
June 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668364/-health-benefits-of-aerobic-training-programs-in-adults-aged-70%C3%A2-or-over-a-systematic-review
#20
Walid Bouaziz, Thomas Vogel, Elise Schmitt, Georges Kaltenbach, Bernard Geny, Pierre Olivier Lang
CONTEXT: Seniors represent the population where sedentary is the highest. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate of the exact health benefits of regular aerobic training (AT) in seniors aged 70 years or older. DOCUMENTARY SOURCE: Systematic review in CINAHL Plus, Embase, Medline, PubMed Central, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Sport Discus and Web of Science with a keyword search. SELECTION OF STUDIES: Two independent readers have selected randomized controlled and quasi-controlled studies and observational cohort studies published in English...
June 28, 2017: La Presse Médicale
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