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Diabetes prevention program

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095137/diabetes-mellitus-and-obesity-in-the-french-caribbean-a-special-vulnerability-for-women
#1
Philippe Carrère, Cédric Fagour, Dan Sportouch, Franciane Gane-Troplent, Jeannie Hélène-Pelage, Thierry Lang, Jocelyn Inamo
The objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of diabetes and its risk factors among French Caribbean adults. This cross-sectional study included 18-74-year-olds (N = 2252; 56.5% women) who underwent a heath examination in Guadeloupe during July-December 2014. Diabetes was defined as using antidiabetic treatment, or fasting glucose ≥7 mmol/l, and HbA1c ≥6.5%; diabetes control was defined as HbA1c <7%. Multilevel logistic regression was used. Diabetes prevalence was 8...
January 17, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094135/diabetes-prevention-program-translation-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#2
Tannaz Moin, Laura J Damschroder, Mona AuYoung, Matthew L Maciejewski, Santanu K Datta, Jane E Weinreb, Nanette I Steinle, Charles Billington, Maria Hughes, Fatima Makki, Robert G Holleman, H Myra Kim, Amy S Jeffreys, Linda S Kinsinger, Jennifer A Burns, Caroline R Richardson
INTRODUCTION: This clinical demonstration trial compared the effectiveness of the Veterans Affairs Diabetes Prevention Program (VA-DPP) with an evidence-based usual care weight management program (MOVE!(®)) in the Veterans Health Administration health system. DESIGN: Prospective, pragmatic, non-randomized comparative effectiveness study of two behavioral weight management interventions. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Obese/overweight Veterans with prediabetes were recruited from three geographically diverse VA sites between 2012 and 2014...
January 13, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088843/evaluating-surrogate-marker-information-using-censored-data
#3
Layla Parast, Tianxi Cai, Lu Tian
Given the long follow-up periods that are often required for treatment or intervention studies, the potential to use surrogate markers to decrease the required follow-up time is a very attractive goal. However, previous studies have shown that using inadequate markers or making inappropriate assumptions about the relationship between the primary outcome and surrogate marker can lead to inaccurate conclusions regarding the treatment effect. Currently available methods for identifying and validating surrogate markers tend to rely on restrictive model assumptions and/or focus on uncensored outcomes...
January 15, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086850/the-prevalence-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-and-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#4
Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong, Jin-Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s; however, no data on the recent trends of MS prevalence are available. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MS, the five components of MS, and the related risk factors in Korean adults by using recent data. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2008 and 2013 were used...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076587/-interventions-to-improve-access-to-health-services-by-indigenous-peoples-in-the-americas
#5
Miguel Araujo, Cecilia Moraga, Evelina Chapman, Jorge Barreto, Eduardo Illanes
Objective: Synthesize evidence on effectiveness of interventions designed to improve access to health services by indigenous populations. Methods: Review of systematic reviews published as of July 2015, selecting and analyzing only studies in the Region of the Americas. The bibliographic search encompassed MEDLINE, Lilacs, SciELO, EMBASE, DARE, HTA, The Cochrane Library, and organization websites. Two independent reviewers selected studies and analyzed their methodological quality...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075695/lessons-from-launching-the-diabetes-prevention-program-in-a-large-integrated-health-care-delivery-system-a-case-study
#6
Colin D Rehm, Melinda E Marquez, Elizabeth Spurrell-Huss, Nicole Hollingsworth, Amanda S Parsons
There is urgent need for health systems to prevent diabetes. To date, few health systems have implemented the evidence-based Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), and the few that have mostly partnered with community-based organizations to implement the program. Given the recent decision by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to reimburse for diabetes prevention, there is likely much interest in how such programs can be implemented within large health systems or how community partnerships can be expanded to support DPP implementation...
January 11, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071010/the-role-of-intestinal-microbiota-in-the-pathogenesis-of-metabolic-diseases
#7
Iwona Węgielska, Joanna Suliburska
The incidence of metabolic diseases is increasing rapidly all over the world. This situation has led researchers to attempt to explain the pathomechanisms of these disorders and to develop specific recommendations for the prevention and treatment of diseases such as obesity, type-2 diabetes, and atherosclerosis. Recent studies show clear evidence of the role of human intestinal microbiota in health and in predispositions to diseases. Gut microbiota affect a number of complex metabolic reactions, significantly altering the functioning of the human body...
April 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067891/an-interactive-web-based-intervention-on-nutritional-status-physical-activity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patient-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial-the-red-ruby-study
#8
L Jahangiry, A Montazeri, M Najafi, M Yaseri, M A Farhangi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Physical inactivity and unhealthy nutritional behaviors are recognized as the key factors in the cause and management of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The effectiveness of interactive web-based interventions on dietary intakes, physical activity and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among people with MetS is currently unknown. METHODS: The two-arm randomized-controlled trial was conducted for patients with MetS from June through December 2012 in Tehran, Iran...
January 9, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065437/erratum-to-change-in-adiponectin-explains-most-of-the-change-in-hdl-particles-induced-by-lifestyle-intervention-but-not-metformin-treatment-in-the-diabetes-prevention-program-metabolism-2016-65-764-775
#9
Ronald B Goldberg, Marinella Temprosa, Lisa Mele, Trevor Orchard, Kieren Mather, George Bray, Edward Horton, Abbas Kitabchi, Jonathan Krakoff, Santica Marcovina, Leigh Perreault, Neil White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056873/chronic-kidney-disease-and-risk-factor-prevalence-in-saint-kitts-and-nevis-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Deidra C Crews, Kirk N Campbell, Yang Liu, Odell Bussue, Ingrid Dawkins, Bessie A Young
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in St. Kitts and Nevis, islands of the West Indies, is unknown. We sought to determine estimates of CKD and its risk factors (e.g. diabetes, hypertension and obesity) in St. Kitts and Nevis. METHODS: This was a chronic disease screening program. Three community-based locations in St. Kitts and Nevis were included in the program. Participants were adult community residents aged ≥18 years. The main outcome measures were estimated CKD prevalence (by serum creatinine-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and dipstick urine albumin); and estimated prevalence of CKD risk factors (diabetes, hypertension and obesity)...
January 5, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051979/barriers-and-health-beliefs-related-to-weight-management-among-veterans-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#11
Shannon Munro, Emily Dinatale, Sarah Hartley, Monica St Jacques, Kris Ann Oursler
INTRODUCTION: The success of antiretroviral therapy has led to dramatic changes in causes of morbidity and mortality among U.S. Veterans with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Among the 25,000 Veterans treated for HIV, 70% are over age 50 and the rate of obesity has doubled in this population. Veterans with HIV have a 50% increased risk of myocardial infarction yet have limited presence in prevention-related programs designed to lower cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS: This mixed methods study (focus groups, Schwarzer and Renner physical activity, and nutrition self-efficacy questionnaires) was used to explore factors related to health behavior and identify barriers that overweight Veterans with HIV face in enrolling in the MOVE weight management program...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049753/behavioral-lifestyle-interventions-for-the-primary-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-and-translation-to-hispanic-latino-communities-in-the-united-states-and-mexico
#12
Elizabeth M Venditti
Lifestyle behaviors in overweight and obese individuals are closely linked to the development, course, and outcomes of type 2 diabetes and multiple comorbid health conditions. Behavior change theory and many randomized controlled studies offer strong support for screening and identifying adults at increased cardiometabolic risk and for providing early intervention to mitigate risk factors to prevent or delay the onset of disease. The current article reviews key lifestyle intervention efficacy and dissemination trials conducted with individuals deemed to be at increased risk for diabetes and describes the rationale for training teams of professionals and community health workers (e...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042400/incidence-and-etiology-of-surgical-site-infections-in-appendectomies-a-3-year-prospective-study
#13
Humberto Guanche Garcell, Ariadna Villanueva Arias, Cristobal A Pancorbo Sandoval, Elias Guilarte García, Moraima E Valle Gamboa, Adam Bode Sado, Ramón N Alfonso Serrano
OBJECTIVES: Surgical site infections (SSIs) constitute a threat, especially in complicated appendicitis, and are commonly due to gram-negative organisms. We sought to describe the incidence of SSIs in appendectomies performed during a three-year period (January 2013 to December 2015) in a community hospital in Qatar, and compare this with external benchmarks. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal study at The Cuban Hospital, Qatar. We used the standardized surveillance criteria to define SSI developed by the Centers for Disease Control...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034783/cerebellar-insulin-igf-1-signaling-in-diabetic-rats-effects-of-exercise-training
#14
Mariana Eiras Borges, Alessandra Mussi Ribeiro, José Rodrigo Pauli, Luciana Mendonça Arantes, Eliete Luciano, Leandro Pereira de Moura, José Alexandre Curiacos de Almeida Leme, Alessandra Medeiros, Natália Oliveira Bertolini, Clarice Yoshiko Sibuya, Ricardo José Gomes
The Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease associated with loss of brain regions such as the cerebellum, increasing the risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD). In the brain of diabetic and PD organisms the insulin/IGF-1 signaling is altered. Exercise training is an effective intervention for the prevention of neurodegerative diseases since it release neurotrophic factors and regulating insulin/IGF-1 signaling in the brain. This study aimed to evaluate the proteins involved in the insulin/IGF-1 pathway in the cerebellum of diabetic rats subjected to exercise training protocol...
December 26, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034489/health-promotion-wellness-and-prevention-in-hand-therapy-a%C3%A2-survey-study
#15
Ann M Lucado, David W Taylor, Deborah M Wendland, Brian Connors
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. INTRODUCTION: Noncommunicable diseases including diabetes and cardiovascular disease are associated with increased complications and cost of health care. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To describe beliefs and extent to which hand therapists include health promotion, wellness, and prevention (HPWP) in practice and to elucidate barriers to the incorporation of HPWP. METHODS: A 38-question survey evaluating hand therapists' beliefs, practice of HPWP, and barriers was sent to American Society of Hand Therapists members...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031324/overweight-and-obese-but-not-normal-weight-women-with-pcos-are-at-increased-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study
#16
M-M E Ollila, S West, S Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, J Jokelainen, J Auvinen, K Puukka, A Ruokonen, M-R Järvelin, J S Tapanainen, S Franks, T T Piltonen, L C Morin-Papunen
STUDY QUESTION: What are the respective roles of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), long-term weight gain and obesity for the development of prediabetes or Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by age 46 years? SUMMARY ANSWER: The risk of T2DM in women with PCOS is mainly due to overweight and obesity, although these two factors have a synergistic effect on the development of T2DM. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: PCOS is associated with an increased risk of prediabetes and T2DM...
December 28, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024850/volume-of-subclinical-embolic-infarct-correlates-to-long-term-cognitive-changes-after-carotid-revascularization
#17
Wei Zhou, Brittanie D Baughman, Salil Soman, Max Wintermark, Laura C Lazzeroni, Elizabeth Hitchner, Jyoti Bhat, Allyson Rosen
OBJECTIVE: Carotid intervention is safe and effective in stroke prevention in appropriately selected patients. Despite minimal neurologic complications, procedure-related subclinical microemboli are common and their cognitive effects are largely unknown. In this prospective longitudinal study, we sought to determine long-term cognitive effects of embolic infarcts. METHODS: The study recruited 119 patients including 46% symptomatic patients who underwent carotid revascularization...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024454/awareness-and-perceptions-of-type-2-diabetes-risk-factors-preventability-and-complications-among-college-students-in-visakhapatnam-india
#18
Randy M Page, Elizabeth Stones, Oliver Taylor, Kendra Braudt
In India, often referred to as the "diabetes capital of the world," it is imperative to establish the level of knowledge among Asian Indians of Type 2 Diabetes (DM2) in order to plan effective public health programs aimed at prevention of DM2. Using an original survey of 983 college students in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, we evaluated individuals' knowledge of DM2 including prevalence, risk factors, and prevention. To date, there are only a few studies that look at awareness of diabetes on the community level, and no previous studies have involved sampling college students...
January 1, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011992/appl1-prevents-pancreatic-beta-cell-death-and-inflammation-by-dampening-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-in-a-mouse-model-of-type-1-diabetes
#19
Xue Jiang, Yawen Zhou, Kelvin K L Wu, Zhanrui Chen, Aimin Xu, Kenneth K Y Cheng
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Beta cell inflammation and demise is a feature of type 1 diabetes. The insulin-sensitising molecule 'adaptor protein, phosphotyrosine interacting with PH domain and leucine zipper 1' (APPL1), which contains an NH2-terminal Bin/Amphiphysin/Rvs domain, a central pleckstrin homology domain and a COOH-terminal phosphotyrosine-binding domain, has been shown to modulate inflammatory response in various cell types but its role in regulating beta cell mass and inflammation in type 1 diabetes remains unknown...
December 23, 2016: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004335/self-determination-theory-and-weight-loss-in-a-diabetes-prevention-program-translation-trial
#20
Paula M Trief, Donald Cibula, Linda M Delahanty, Ruth S Weinstock
We examined self-determination theory (SDT) and weight loss, and hypothesized that the Diabetes Prevention Program's (DPP) intervention would result in an increase in autonomous regulation of motivation (AR) in participants. Further, that those with higher AR, and those who perceived educators as supporting SDT-defined needs, would lose more weight. Support, Health Information, Nutrition and Exercise (SHINE) Study data (N = 257) were analyzed. SHINE was a randomized, controlled DPP translation trial (2-years, telephonic, primary care staff)...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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