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Diabetes prevention program

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209218/the-changing-landscape-for-stroke%C3%A2-prevention-in-af-findings-from-the-gloria-af-registry-phase-2
#1
Menno V Huisman, Kenneth J Rothman, Miney Paquette, Christine Teutsch, Hans-Christoph Diener, Sergio J Dubner, Jonathan L Halperin, Chang Sheng Ma, Kristina Zint, Amelie Elsaesser, Dorothee B Bartels, Gregory Y H Lip
BACKGROUND: GLORIA-AF (Global Registry on Long-Term Oral Antithrombotic Treatment in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation) is a prospective, global registry program describing antithrombotic treatment patterns in patients with newly diagnosed nonvalvular atrial fibrillation at risk of stroke. Phase 2 began when dabigatran, the first non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC), became available. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to describe phase 2 baseline data and compare these with the pre-NOAC era collected during phase 1...
February 21, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202779/fasting-mimicking-diet-and-markers-risk-factors-for-aging-diabetes-cancer-and-cardiovascular-disease
#2
Min Wei, Sebastian Brandhorst, Mahshid Shelehchi, Hamed Mirzaei, Chia Wei Cheng, Julia Budniak, Susan Groshen, Wendy J Mack, Esra Guen, Stefano Di Biase, Pinchas Cohen, Todd E Morgan, Tanya Dorff, Kurt Hong, Andreas Michalsen, Alessandro Laviano, Valter D Longo
Calorie restriction or changes in dietary composition can enhance healthy aging, but the inability of most subjects to adhere to chronic and extreme diets, as well as potentially adverse effects, limits their application. We randomized 100 generally healthy participants from the United States into two study arms and tested the effects of a fasting-mimicking diet (FMD)-low in calories, sugars, and protein but high in unsaturated fats-on markers/risk factors associated with aging and age-related diseases. We compared subjects who followed 3 months of an unrestricted diet to subjects who consumed the FMD for 5 consecutive days per month for 3 months...
February 15, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198939/compliance-with-the-prescription-of-antihypertensive-medications-and-blood-pressure-control-in-primary-care
#3
Mayra Faria Novello, Maria Luiza Garcia Rosa, Ranier Tagarro Ferreira, Icaro Gusmão Nunes, Antonio José Lagoeiro Jorge, Dayse Mary da Silva Correia, Wolney de Andrade Martins, Evandro Tinoco Mesquita
Background: Hypertension is the most prevalent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and its proper control can prevent the high morbidity and mortality associated with this disease. Objective: To assess the degree of compliance of antihypertensive prescriptions with the VI Brazilian Guidelines on Hypertension and the blood pressure control rate in primary care. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted between August 2011 and November 2012, including 332 adults ≥ 45 years registered in the Family Doctor Program in Niteroi and selected randomly...
February 13, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198729/influence-of-land-or-water-exercise-in-pregnancy-on-outcomes-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ruben Barakat, Maria Perales, Yaiza Cordero, Mariano Bacchi, Michelle F Mottola
PURPOSE: To compare the cross-sectional results from three experimental studies conducted on land, in water, and mixed form (land + water) during pregnancy on maternal and newborn outcomes. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used to analyze the results of three randomized clinical trials in healthy pregnant women from Madrid (Spain) and Buenos Aires (Argentina). Five hundred-sixty-eight pregnant women were recruited. For each of the studies, the number of women in the Exercise Group (EG) totalled 107 for Study I (land), 49 women for Study II (water), and 101 women for Study III (land + water)...
February 15, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194400/eating-the-dead-to-keep-atherosclerosis-at-bay
#5
REVIEW
Megan L Brophy, Yunzhou Dong, Hao Wu, H N Ashiqur Rahman, Kai Song, Hong Chen
Atherosclerosis is the primary cause of coronary heart disease (CHD), ischemic stroke, and peripheral arterial disease. Despite effective lipid-lowering therapies and prevention programs, atherosclerosis is still the leading cause of mortality in the United States. Moreover, the prevalence of CHD in developing countries worldwide is rapidly increasing at a rate expected to overtake those of cancer and diabetes. Prominent risk factors include the hardening of arteries and high levels of cholesterol, which lead to the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192030/medical-care-expenditures-for-individuals-with-prediabetes-the-potential-cost-savings-in-reducing-the-risk-of-developing-diabetes
#6
Tamkeen Khan, Stavros Tsipas, Gregory Wozniak
The United States has 86 million adults with prediabetes. Individuals with prediabetes can prevent or delay the development of type 2 diabetes through lifestyle modifications such as participation in the National Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), thereby mitigating the medical and economic burdens associated with diabetes. A cohort analysis of a commercially insured population was conducted using individual-level claims data from Truven Health MarketScan(®) Lab Database to identify adults with prediabetes, track whether they develop diabetes, and compare medical expenditures for those who are newly diagnosed with diabetes to those who are not...
February 13, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173688/meeting-recommended-levels-of-physical-activity-in-relation-to-preventive-health-behavior-and-health-status-among-adults
#7
Peter D Hart, Gabriel Benavidez, James Erickson
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of meeting the recommended levels of physical activity (PA) with health status and preventive health behavior in adults. Methods: A total of 5630 adults 18 years of age or older were included in this study. PA was assessed using a series of questions that categorized activities based on their metabolic equivalent values and then categorized individuals based on the reported frequency and duration of such activities...
January 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168201/effectiveness-of-a-group-based-culturally-tailored-lifestyle-intervention-program-on-changes-in-risk-factors-for-type-2-diabetes-among-asian-indians-in-the-united-states
#8
Rupal M Patel, Ranjita Misra, Sudha Raj, Ashok Balasubramanyam
This study used an experimental, pretest-posttest control group repeated measures design to evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based culturally appropriate lifestyle intervention program to reduce the risk for type 2 diabetes (T2DM) among Gujarati Asian Indians (AIs) in an urban community in the US. Participants included 70 adult AIs in the greater Houston metropolitan area. The primary outcomes were reduction in weight and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and improvement in physical activity. Participants were screened for risk factors and randomly assigned to a 12-week group-based lifestyle intervention program (n = 34) or a control group (n = 36) that received standard print material on diabetes prevention...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166816/the-achru-cpp-versus-usual-care-for-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-and-multiple-chronic-conditions-and-their-family-caregivers-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Maureen Markle-Reid, Jenny Ploeg, Kimberly D Fraser, Kathryn Ann Fisher, Noori Akhtar-Danesh, Amy Bartholomew, Amiram Gafni, Andrea Gruneir, Sandra P Hirst, Sharon Kaasalainen, Caralyn Kelly Stradiotto, John Miklavcic, Carlos Rojas-Fernandez, Cheryl A Sadowski, Lehana Thabane, Jean A C Triscott, Ross Upshur
BACKGROUND: Many community-based self-management programs have been developed for older adults with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), bolstered by evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that T2DM can be prevented and managed through lifestyle modifications. However, the evidence for their effectiveness is contradictory and weakened by reliance on single-group designs and/or small samples. Additionally, older adults with multiple chronic conditions (MCC) are often excluded because of recruiting and retention challenges...
February 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163857/perceived-needs-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-a-qualitative-study
#10
Taraneh Emamgoli Khooshehchin, Zohre Keshavarz, Maryam Afrakhteh, Elham Shakibazadeh, Soghrat Faghihzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is the most common medical complication of pregnancy. It can be associated with many complications for mother and fetus. Gestational diabetes is also one of the main health issues in Iran. Therefore, the present study is aimed at a deeper understanding of women's experiences of gestational diabetes and their perceived needs to inform future lifestyle interventions. METHODS: This qualitative content analysis study was carried out in 2015. Participants were pregnant women diagnosed with gestational diabetes in the 24(th) to 36(th) week of pregnancy, who were referred to the clinics affiliated with Shahid Beheshti Medical Science University in Tehran, Iran...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161306/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-exercise-during-pregnancy-to-prevent-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-improve-pregnancy-outcome-in-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women
#11
Chen Wang, Yumei Wei, Xiaoming Zhang, Yue Zhang, Qianqian Xu, Yiying Sun, Shiping Su, Li Zhang, Chunhong Liu, Yaru Feng, Chong Shou, Kym J Guelfi, John P Newnham, Huixia Yang
BACKGROUND: Obesity and being overweight are becoming epidemic, and indeed, the proportion of such women of reproductive age has increased in recent times. Being overweight or obese prior to pregnancy is a risk factor for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome for both mothers and their offspring. Furthermore, the combination of GDM with obesity/overweight status may increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome attributable to either factor alone...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161137/incidence-risk-factors-and-clinical-implications-of-pneumonia-following-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#12
Daniel D Bohl, Bryan M Saltzman, Robert A Sershon, Brian Darrith, Kamil T Okroj, Craig J Della Valle
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence, risk factors, and clinical implications of pneumonia following total joint arthroplasty (TJA). METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program was used to conduct a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing TJA. Independent risk factors for the development of pneumonia within 30 days of TJA were identified using multivariate regression. Mortality and readmission rates were compared between patients who did and did not develop pneumonia...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159193/screening-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-the-assessment-of-coronary-risk
#13
Yan-Yi Cheung, Bee-Choo Tai, Germaine Loo, See-Meng Khoo, Karen Yin-Phoon Cheong, Ferran Barbe, Chi-Hang Lee
There is increasing awareness that health screening may prevent some acute coronary events. Yet, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is seldom screened for and its relation with coronary risk markers is not well established. Consecutive adults (n = 696) enrolled in a cardiovascular health screening program were approached to determine the feasibility of incorporating OSA screening. Screening included questionnaires and a home-based sleep study. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein was the primary coronary risk marker, and other laboratory- and exercise treadmill-based markers were also reported...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154584/temporal-trends-of-hospitalized-patients-with-heart-failure-in-korea
#14
REVIEW
Jong-Chan Youn, Seongwoo Han, Kyu-Hyung Ryu
Heart failure (HF) is an important cardiovascular disease because of its increasing prevalence, significant morbidity, high mortality and rapidly expanding health care costs. The number of HF patients is increasing worldwide and Korea is no exception. Temporal trends of four representative Korean hospitalized HF registries-the Hallym HF study, the Korean Multicenter HF study, the Korean Heart Failure (KorHF) registry and the Korean Acute Heart Failure (KorAHF) registry showed mild survival improvement reflecting overall HF patient care development in Korea despite the increased severity of enrolled patients with higher incidence of multiple comorbidities...
January 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151819/epidemiology-of-cardiac-arrest-during-hospitalization-for-delivery-in-canada-a-nationwide-study
#15
Mrinalini Balki, Shiliang Liu, Juan Andrés León, Leyla Baghirzada
BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrest in pregnancy is a rare and devastating condition with high mortality and morbidity. The objective of this study was to generate information about maternal cardiac arrest in Canada by examining the frequency, temporal incidence, associated conditions, potential etiologies, and survival rates. METHODS: This retrospective population-based study used hospitalization data from the discharge abstract database of the Canadian Institute for Health Information relating to obstetric deliveries in Canada from April 1, 2002, to March 31, 2015...
March 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150162/workplace-interventions-to-prevent-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-narrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Dina Hafez, Allison Fedewa, Margaret Moran, Matthew O'Brien, Ronald Ackermann, Jeffrey T Kullgren
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study aims to summarize the recent peer-reviewed literature on workplace interventions for prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), including studies that translate the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) curriculum to workplace settings (n = 10) and those that use different intervention approaches to achieve the specific objective of T2DM prevention among employees (n = 3). RECENT FINDINGS: Weight reduction was achieved through workplace interventions to prevent T2DM, though such interventions varied substantially in their effectiveness...
February 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149314/transition-in-public-knowledge-of-risk-factors-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-an-iranian-general-population-a-latent-transition-analysis-lta-on-a-longitudinal-large-community-based-educational-prevention-program
#17
Mahsa Rafiee Alhossaini, Akbar Hassanzadeh, Awat Feizi, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the second leading cause of death, after accidents, in Iran. This study was performed to assess the change in levels of knowledge about 8 risk factors of CVD and its associated determinants the Iranian general population. METHODS: The current repeated cross-sectional study included 3014 people in 2004, 3012 in 2005, and 4719 in 2007, aged older than 19 years. Knowledge about 8 risk factors (high blood pressure, nutrition, physical inactivity, smoking, diabetes, heredity, stress, and obesity) as the major causes of CVD was evaluated using latent transition analysis (LTA)...
July 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144834/society-for-health-psychology-apa-division-38-and-society-of-behavioral-medicine-joint-position-statement-on-the-medicare-diabetes-prevention-program
#18
Stephanie L Fitzpatrick, Dawn K Wilson, Sherry L Pagoto
Beginning in January 2018, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) plans to cover the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), also referred to as Medicare DPP. The American Psychological Association Society for Health Psychology (SfHP) and the Society for Behavioral Medicine (SBM) reviewed the proposed plan. SfHP and SBM are in support of the CMS decision to cover DPP for Medicare beneficiaries but have a significant concern that aspects of the proposal will limit the public health impact. Concerns include the emphasis on weight outcomes to determine continued coverage and the lack of details regarding requirements for coaches...
January 31, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134226/-the-evaluation-of-the-ventricular-arrhythmias-and-interventions-of-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices-in-patients-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy-for-primary-prevention-of-sudden-cardiac-death-in-ambulatory-and-telemetric-follow-up
#19
Jacek Lelakowski, Anna Rydlewska, Maria Lelakowska, Joanna Pudło, Justyna Piekarz
: Telemetric follow-up (RM) after cardiac devices implantation is not inferior to classic follow-up and enables earlier clinical complications detection. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluation of the ventricular arrhythmias and interventions of ICD/CRTD in ambulatory and telemetric follow-up in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Group A (CRT-D+ICD) - retrospective, patients followed-up in outpatient clinic - was consisted with 273 patients (mean age 65±11 years, 230M)...
January 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130199/dynamics-of-diabetes-and-obesity-epidemiological-perspective
#20
REVIEW
Annette Boles, Ramesh Kandimalla, P Hemachandra Reddy
The purpose of this review article is to understand the current literature on obesity, diabetes and therapeutic avenues across the world. Diabetes is a chronic lifestyle condition that affects millions of people worldwide and it is a major health concern in our society. Diabetes and obesity are associated with various conditions, including non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors. Early detectable markers are not well established to detect pre-diabetes and as a result, it becomes diabetes. Several published epidemiological studies were assessed and the findings were summarized...
January 24, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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