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Diabetes prevention program

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346678/case-study-of-an-adaptation-and-implementation-of-a-diabetes-prevention-program-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness
#1
Maria M Quiñones, Judy Lombard-Newell, Daryl Sharp, Valerie Way, Wendi Cross
The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) is an evidence-based lifestyle intervention developed to decrease the risk for type 2 diabetes and promote weight loss in individuals at risk for diabetes. Individuals with serious mental illness have a greater risk for developing diabetes compared with the general population. In this article, the authors provide a detailed description of the adaptation process of the DPP for individuals with serious mental illness (DPP-SMI). The adaptation process was based on a cultural adaptation framework for modifying evidence-based interventions...
January 16, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346340/disparities-in-preconception-health-indicators-%C3%A2-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2013-2015-and-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system-2013-2014
#2
Cheryl Robbins, Sheree L Boulet, Isabel Morgan, Denise V D'Angelo, Lauren B Zapata, Brian Morrow, Andrea Sharma, Charlan D Kroelinger
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Preconception health is a broad term that encompasses the overall health of nonpregnant women during their reproductive years (defined here as aged 18-44 years). Improvement of both birth outcomes and the woman's health occurs when preconception health is optimized. Improving preconception health before and between pregnancies is critical for reducing maternal and infant mortality and pregnancy-related complications. The National Preconception Health and Health Care Initiative's Surveillance and Research work group suggests ten prioritized indicators that states can use to monitor programs or activities for improving the preconception health status of women of reproductive age...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345215/relationship-of-weekend-warrior-and-regular-physical-activity-patterns-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-associated-diseases-among-chinese-rural-adults
#3
Jing Xiao, Minjie Chu, Huan Shen, Wenlong Ren, Zhou Li, Tianqi Hua, Hong Xu, Yuanyuan Liang, Yuexia Gao, Xun Zhuang
Little is known about the "weekend warrior" pattern of physical activity (PA) where people perform all their PA in 1 or 2 sessions per week. We investigated the relationship of weekend warrior and other PA patterns with metabolic syndrome (MS) and its associated diseases. Data on sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics were collected from the Nantong Metabolic Syndrome Study that included 13,505 women and 6,997 men between 2007 and 2008. Compared with inactive participants, weekend warriors were at lower risk of MS, diabetes, and hypertension; respective odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for men and women were 0...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340678/lifestyle-intervention-and-medical-management-with-vs-without-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-and-control-of-hemoglobin-a1c-ldl-cholesterol-and-systolic-blood-pressure-at-5-years-in-the-diabetes-surgery-study
#4
COMMENT
Sayeed Ikramuddin, Judith Korner, Wei-Jei Lee, Avis J Thomas, John E Connett, John P Bantle, Daniel B Leslie, Qi Wang, William B Inabnet, Robert W Jeffery, Keong Chong, Lee-Ming Chuang, Michael D Jensen, Adrian Vella, Leaque Ahmed, Kumar Belani, Charles J Billington
Importance: The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is effective in achieving established diabetes treatment targets, but durability is unknown. Objective: To compare durability of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass added to intensive lifestyle and medical management in achieving diabetes control targets. Design, Setting, and Participants: Observational follow-up of a randomized clinical trial at 4 sites in the United States and Taiwan, involving 120 participants who had a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level of 8...
January 16, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339040/effectiveness-of-workplace-diabetes-prevention-programs-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#5
REVIEW
Sharon A Brown, Alexandra A García, Julie A Zuñiga, Kimberly A Lewis
PURPOSE: The primary purpose is to review diabetes workplace interventions and the degree to which they improve diabetes-related outcomes in employees diagnosed with or at risk for T2DM. METHODS: Three electronic databases and ancestry searches were used to identify peer reviewed articles published in English from 2000 to June 2017. RESULTS: The number of participants represented by the 22 selected studies, excluding one large outlier, was 4243...
January 5, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323604/preconception-health-indicators-for-public-health-surveillance
#6
Cheryl L Robbins, Denise D'Angelo, Lauren Zapata, Sheree L Boulet, Andrea J Sharma, Alys Adamski, Jennifer Farfalla, Caroline Stampfel, Sarah Verbiest, Charlan Kroelinger
OBJECTIVES: In response to an expressed need for more focused measurement of preconception health (PCH), we identify a condensed set of PCH indicators for state and national surveillance. METHODS: We used a systematic process to evaluate, prioritize, and select 10 PCH indicators that maternal and child health programs can use for surveillance. For each indicator, we assessed prevalence, whether it was addressed by professional recommendations, Healthy People 2020 objectives, or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention winnable battles, measurement simplicity, data completeness, and stakeholders' input...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320380/reducing-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-nonselected-outpatients-with-schizophrenia-a-30-month-program
#7
Peter Hjorth, Caroline H Espensen, Nikolaj J Madsen, Anne G Viuff, Povl Munk-Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is 2- to 3-fold more common in patients with schizophrenia than in the general population. A lifestyle with a focus on diet, exercise, and medication is required to prevent complications from type 2 diabetes, but patients with schizophrenia frequently have trouble maintaining such a lifestyle because of factors related to their illness, such as cognitive disturbances, negative and positive symptoms, and side effects of psychotropic medications. OBJECTIVE: To measure and reduce risk factors for type 2 diabetes in patients with schizophrenia and examine characteristics associated with positive outcomes...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304527/is-there-a-preferred-stroke-prevention-strategy-for-diabetic-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-comparing-warfarin-dabigatran-and-rivaroxaban
#8
Chih-Cheng Hsu, Pai-Feng Hsu, Shih-Hsien Sung, Shih-Te Tu, Ben-Hui Yu, Chi-Jung Huang, Hao-Min Cheng
BACKGROUND:  The prevalence of diabetes is growing, and diabetes is an independent risk factor for both atrial fibrillation (AF) and stroke. However, the relative effectiveness and safety of different oral anticoagulants for diabetic patients with non-valvular AF remain unclear. We aimed to compare thromboembolic events, bleeding and mortality in diabetic AF patients treated with rivaroxaban, dabigatran and warfarin. METHODS AND RESULTS:  Diabetic AF patients taking dabigatran (n = 322), rivaroxaban (n = 320) or warfarin (n = 1,899) were identified from the nationwide diabetes pay-for-performance program (n = 814,465) in Taiwan...
January 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298703/cultural-adaptation-of-a-peer-led-lifestyle-intervention-program-for-diabetes-prevention-in-india-the-kerala-diabetes-prevention-program-k-dpp
#9
Elezebeth Mathews, Emma Thomas, Pilvikki Absetz, Fabrizio D'Esposito, Zahra Aziz, Sajitha Balachandran, Meena Daivadanam, Kavumpurathu Raman Thankappan, Brian Oldenburg
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is now one of the leading causes of disease-related deaths globally. India has the world's second largest number of individuals living with diabetes. Lifestyle change has been proven to be an effective means by which to reduce risk of T2DM and a number of "real world" diabetes prevention trials have been undertaken in high income countries. However, systematic efforts to adapt such interventions for T2DM prevention in low- and middle-income countries have been very limited to date...
January 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297356/should-pregnant-women-be-excluded-from-a-community-based-lifestyle-intervention-trial-a-case-study
#10
Elezebeth Mathews
Kerala, the southernmost Indian state, is known as the diabetes capital of the country. A community-based lifestyle modification program was implemented in the rural areas of Kerala, India, to assess effectiveness in reducing the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among individuals at high risk. High-risk individuals for T2DM were identified through home screening and enrolled into the program after an oral glucose tolerance test to rule out T2DM. Pregnant women were excluded from participation in the trial without justification...
December 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294585/-trend-of-premature-mortality-from-chronic-and-non-communicable-diseases-in-tianjin-1999-2015
#11
D Z Wang, H Zhang, Z L Xu, G D Song, Y Zhang, C F Shen, S Zhang, X D Xue, C Wang, G H Jiang
Objective: To explore the trends and distribution of premature mortality caused by four main non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory disease and diabetes in different sex and residential areas in Tianjin so as to provide basis for setting up prevention and control programs on premature mortality. Methods: Population data on premature mortality in 1999-2015 were from the 'Tianjin population based mortality surveillance system' maintained by Tianjin Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289537/early-postpartum-metabolic-syndrome-in-women-with-or-without-gestational-diabetes-results-from-life-after-gestational-diabetes-ahvaz-cohort-study
#12
Sedigheh Nouhjah, Hajieh Shahbazian, Nahid Shahbazian, Shayesteh Jahanfar, Alireza Jahanshahi, Bahman Cheraghian, Zeinab Dehghan Mohammadi, Niloofar Ghodrati, Sousan Houshmandi
AIMS: This study aimed to determine the prevalence rate of metabolic syndrome and its potential risk factors, 6-12 weeks postpartum in women with GDM compared to women with normal glucose tolerance. METHODS: LAGAs is an ongoing population-based prospective cohort study that started in March 2015 in Ahvaz, Iran. During 11 months of study progression, 176 women with GDM pregnancy and 86 healthy women underwent a fasting glucose test, 75-g OGTT and fasting lipid tests at 6-12 weeks postpartum...
December 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288406/does-a-history-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-affect-key-outcomes-in-women-participating-in-a-diabetes-prevention-program
#13
Sarah M Brokaw, Dorota Carpenedo, Paul Campbell, Marcene K Butcher, Steven D Helgerson, Todd S Harwell
Objectives To evaluate lifestyle change outcomes among women with and without a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) enrolled in the Montana Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). Methods Participation, self-monitoring behavior, weight loss, and cardiometabolic risk reduction were compared among 5091 women at high-risk for type 2 diabetes, with and without a history of GDM, enrolled in the Montana DPP between 2008 and 2015. Results Women with a history of GDM (6% of enrolled women, n = 283) were significantly younger than women without GDM...
December 29, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285793/application-of-a-modified-diabetes-prevention-program-with-adolescents
#14
Kimberly Geria, Janice M Beitz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to increase type 2 diabetes (T2DM) awareness and decrease T2DM risk factors by examining effectiveness of a modified version of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) with adolescents. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A quasi-experimental one-group, pretest/posttest design was used to determine impact of the modified DPP on adolescents. Study intervention was incorporated into the health education curriculum at a public charter school and implemented over 11 weeks...
December 29, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278986/reach-and-effectiveness-of-the-heartbeat-connections-telemedicine-pilot-program
#15
Gretchen A Benson, Abbey Sidebottom, Arthur Sillah, Jackie L Boucher, Michael D Miedema, Thomas Knickelbine, Jeffrey J VanWormer
Introduction Innovative care delivery programs that support primary care providers are needed to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD). HeartBeat Connections (HBC) is a primary prevention telemedicine program utilizing registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) and registered nurses (RNs) to deliver health coaching and medication therapy protocols for dyslipidaemia and hypertension among patients at high risk for developing CVD. Methods This retrospective cohort study documents the reach and six-month effectiveness of the HBC program for improving CVD risk factors...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277549/the-mtor-promotes-oxidative-stress-induced-apoptosis-of-mesangial-cells-in-diabetic-nephropathy
#16
Qian Lu, Yuexian Zhou, Meng Hao, Chengcheng Li, Jin Wang, Fanglin Shu, Lei Du, Xia Zhu, Qiaoli Zhang, Xiaoxing Yin
Glomerular mesangial cell (MC) apoptosis is one of the important mechanisms of glomerulosclerosis, which induces an increased severity of albuminuria and promotes the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, the mechanism by which high glucose (HG) induces MCs apoptosis is not fully understood. In the present study, we investigated the effects of mTOR signalling on apoptosis in cultured MCs exposed to HG and in type I diabetes, and tried to clarify the specific mechanisms underlying these effects...
December 22, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273044/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-exercise-during-pregnancy-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-results-from-the-pamela-study
#17
Shana Ginar da Silva, Pedro Curi Hallal, Marlos Rodrigues Domingues, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Mariângela Freitas da Silveira, Diego Bassani, Inácio Crochemore Mohnsam da Silva, Bruna Gonçalves Cordeiro da Silva, Carolina de Vargas Nunes Coll, Kelly Evenson
BACKGROUND: Women are encouraged to be physically active during pregnancy. Despite available evidence supporting antenatal physical activity to bring health benefits for both the mother and child, the most effective way to prevent some maternal and fetal outcomes is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an exercise intervention to prevent negative maternal and newborn health outcomes. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) nested into the 2015 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study was carried-out with 639 healthy pregnant women, 213 in the intervention group (IG) and 426 in the control (CG) group...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258212/dietary-patterns-in-relation-to-metabolic-syndrome-among-adults-in-poland-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Edyta Suliga, Dorota Kozieł, Elżbieta Cieśla, Dorota Rębak, Stanisław Głuszek
In several populations the associations between diet and the risk of metabolic syndrome have not been fully examined yet. The aim of the study is to identify the main dietary patterns among Polish adults and the evaluation of the relationships of these patterns with metabolic syndrome and its components. The study was conducted on a group of 7997 participants, aged between 37 and 66 years old. Dietary patterns were identified by factor analysis. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the International Diabetes Federation...
December 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249776/-diseases-requiring-severe-level-care-certification-for-long-term-care-insurance
#19
Kyoko Takahashi, Eri Tsukishima
Objectives Extending health expectancy is important; however, health and welfare programs in local areas and communities present their own issues. This study aimed to identify main diseases requiring severe-level care certification for long-term care insurance based on information gathered from opinion papers prepared by primary doctors.Methods Data were obtained for 4,089 patients aged ≧65 years who were certified for long-term care insurance for the first time between April 1, 2013, and March 31, 2015...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249672/prevalence-of-diabetes-in-three-regions-of-venezuela-the-vemsols-study-results
#20
Ramfis Nieto-Martínez, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Imperia Brajkovich, Eunice Ugel, Alejandro Risques, Hermes Florez, Juan Pablo González-Rivas
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of diabetes in multiple regions of Venezuela is unknown. To determine the prevalence of diabetes in five populations from three regions of Venezuela. METHODS: During 2006-2010, 1334 subjects ≥20years were selected by multistage stratified random sampling from all households from 3 regions of Venezuela. Anthropometric measurements and biochemical analysis were obtained. Statistical methods were calculated using SPSS 20 software. FINDINGS: Mean (SE) age was 44...
December 14, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
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