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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929778/direct-percutaneous-endoscopic-jejunostomy-should-we-move-on-to-single-and-double-balloon-enteroscopy-techniques
#1
Klaus Mönkemüller, Carolina Olano, Steffen Rickes
Direct percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (DPEJ) is a useful technique to access the jejunum in order to a) provide enteral nutrition to individuals when the gastric route is absent or contraindicated, and b) to decompress the jejunum in patients with malignant small bowel obstruction. Traditionally, DPEJ is performed using a colonoscope or enteroscope, which is advanced as deep as possible into the jejunum. The insertion technique of the feeding tube is identical to the one used for a gastrostomy tube (Ponsky-Gauderer method)...
September 18, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919979/reversal-of-fibrosis-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-steatohepatosis-after-gastric-bypass-surgery
#2
Brian M Parker, Jiang Wu, Jing You, David S Barnes, Lisa Yerian, John P Kirwan, Philip R Schauer, Daniel I Sessler
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) improves the pathophysiology that contributes to obesity-related nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Whether obesity-related fibrosis improves is unclear. We hypothesized that RYGB reverses NASH and fibrosis, and indocyanine green (ICG) clearance provides a sensitive measure for detecting asymptomatic fatty liver disease. METHODS: One hundred six obese adults scheduled for RYGB had preoperative liver function assessed using standard tests and ICG clearance and core liver biopsies obtained during RYGB...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918806/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-gastrojejunostomy
#3
REVIEW
Sunil Amin, Amrita Sethi
Gastric outlet obstruction is a common complication of advanced upper gastrointestinal and pancreatic malignancies. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided gastrojejunostomy is a new option that may provide a more durable solution than enteral stenting with shorter recovery time and less cost than surgical gastrojejunostomy. Techniques to perform this procedure include direct EUS-guided puncture and balloon-assisted and free-hand methods. Use of cautery-tipped lumen-apposing metal stent results in higher rates of technical success and shorter procedure times...
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893712/single-session-percutaneous-endovascular-mesocaval-shunt-creation-and-balloon-occluded-retrograde-transvenous-obliteration-for-the-treatment-of-gastric-varices
#4
Ravi Nara Srinivasa, Bill S Majdalany, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, J Matthew Meadows, Jordan Bruce Fenlon, Charles Brewerton, Wael E Saad
In the setting of portal hypertension, the body responds by creating portosystemic venous shunts which may lead to the development of varices. Endoscopic treatment of these varices is often warranted to prevent catastrophic bleeding. During the course of variceal treatment, one or more portosystemic shunts may be sacrificed which may acutely exacerbate portal hypertension and reduce systemic venous return. This report describes percutaneous creation of a mesocaval shunt and balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) in a patient with cavernous transformation of the portal vein...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881892/influence-of-esophagectomy-on-the-gastroesophageal-reflux-in-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#5
D Kim, Y W Min, J G Park, H Lee, B-H Min, J H Lee, P-L Rhee, J J Kim, J I Zo
This study aims to assess the influence of esophagectomy with gastric transposition on the gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and gastric acidity in patients with esophageal cancer. Data on 53 esophageal cancer patients who underwent 24-hour impedance-pH monitoring after esophagectomy were retrospectively analyzed. We used a solid-state esophageal pH probe in which the esophageal pH sensor is placed 1.5 cm distal to the upper esophageal sphincter and the gastric pH sensor is located 15 cm distal to the esophageal pH channel...
December 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881875/efficacy-safety-and-long-term-outcome-of-serial-endoscopic-balloon-dilation-for-upper-gastrointestinal-crohn-s-disease-associated-strictures-a-cohort-study
#6
Amandeep Singh, Neha Agrawal, Satya Kurada, Rocio Lopez, Hermann Kessler, Jessica Philpott, Bo Shen, Bret Lashner, Florian Rieder
Background: Gastric and duodenal Crohn's disease [CD]-associated strictures are rare. Evidence on endoscopic balloon dilation [EBD] of upper gastrointestinal [GI] CD strictures is limited, in particular in respect to serial dilations. Methods: Prospective short- and long-term outcome data as well as complication rates on a cohort of upper GI CD-associated stricture dilations [stomach and duodenum] were collected from 1999 to 2015. Factors linked with clinical and technical success, long-term efficacy and complication rates were investigated...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875380/balloon-occluded-retrograde-transvenous-obliteration-of-varices-focusing-on-the-portal-hemodynamics-and-the-recent-techniques
#7
REVIEW
Shozo Hirota, Kaoru Kobayashi, Yasukazu Kako, Haruyuki Takaki, Koichiro Yamakado
PURPOSE: To evaluate the recent topics of Ballloon-occluded retrograde trasnvenous obliteration(B-RTO). METHOD: We overviewed the recent scientific papers regarding B-RTO. RESULT: B-RTO is a treatment method for occluding varices retrogradely using a sclerosing agent under balloon occlusion of a major draining vein. It has been recognized as an effective treatment method for gastric varices. Hepatic function reserve is improved and liver volume is increased after B-RTO...
September 5, 2017: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871150/intragastric-balloon-as-an-adjunct-to-lifestyle-programme-in-severely-obese-adolescents-impact-on-biomedical-outcomes-and-skeletal-health
#8
P Sachdev, L Reece, M Thomson, A Natarajan, R J Copeland, J K Wales, N P Wright
Intragastric Balloons are a temporary, reversible, and safer option compared to bariatric surgery to promote significant weight loss leading to improved metabolic outcomes. However due to subsequent weight regain, alternative procedures are now preferred in adults. In adolescents, more amenable to lifestyle change, balloons may be an alternative to less reversible procedures. Our aim was to assess the tolerability and efficacy of the intragastric balloon in severely obese adolescents and the impact of associated weight loss on biomedical outcomes (glucose metabolism, blood pressure, lipid profiles) and bone density...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854775/gastrocolocutaneous-fistula-an-unusual-case-of-gastrostomy-tube-malfunction-with-diarrhea
#9
Junghwan Lee, Jinyoung Kim, Ha Il Kim, Chung Ryul Oh, Sungim Choi, Soomin Noh, Hee Kyong Na, Hwoon-Yong Jung
A gastrocolocutaneous fistula is a rare complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). We report a case of a gastrocolocutaneous fistula presenting with intractable diarrhea and gastrostomy tube malfunction. A 62-year-old woman with a history of multiple system atrophy was referred to us because of PEG tube malfunction. Twenty days prior to presentation, the patient started developing sudden diarrhea within minutes after starting PEG feeding. Fluoroscopy revealed that the balloon of the PEG tube was located in the lumen of the transverse colon with the contrast material filling the colon...
August 31, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836246/-clinical-experience-of-combined-laparoscopic-endoscopic-heller-myotomy-and-modified-dor-fundoplication-for-cardiochalasia
#10
Xiaofang Qiao, Jinlong Li, Hua Xu, Xin Wan, Jiaming Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of combined laparoscopic-endoscopic lower esophageal sphincterotomy and modified Dor fundoplication for cardiochalasia patients. METHODS: Clinical data of 11 cardiochalasia patients who underwent combined laparoscopic-endoscopic lower esophageal sphincterotomy and modified Dor fundoplication by the same medical team from January 2015 to December 2016 at The Second Hospital of Jilin University were retrospectively analyzed. The procedure was as follows: an incision was made in the anterior wall of esophagus and dissection of esophageal muscular layer was performed, then the bulged esophageal mucosa was covered by the fundus after 180 degrees fold to the right (fundoplication), finally the gastric fundus was joined to the right diaphragmatic foot by 3 to 5 knotted suture...
August 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820145/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-gastroenterostomy-are-we-ready-for-prime-time
#11
REVIEW
Mihai Rimbas, Alberto Larghi, Guido Costamagna
Interventional endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is currently becoming the less invasive therapeutic approach for the drainage of pancreatic fluid collections, of acute cholecystitis in patients unfit for surgery and for biliary drainage after failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. In addition, EUS-guided gastroenterostomy (EUS-GE) has recently emerged as a feasible procedure to treat patients with gastric outlet obstruction, as an alternative to surgery or to standard endoscopy when endoscopic stent placement is not possible...
July 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806492/evaluation-of-gastric-and-bladder-tonometry-as-indicators-of-tissue-perfusion-in-induced-hypotension-in-dogs
#12
Juan Morgaz, Lidia Espigares-Rodríguez, Pilar Muñoz-Rascón, Rocío Navarrete, Jose Andrés Fernández-Sarmiento, María Del Mar Granados Machuca
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of gastric (PgCO2 ) and bladder (PbCO2 ) tonometry for assessing tissue hypoperfusion in dogs during sevoflurane-induced hypotension, and to compare these measurements with delivery of oxygen, arterial oxygen content, and plasma lactate concentration. DESIGN: Prospective experimental trial. SETTING: University veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Fourteen adult Beagle dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Anesthetic induction was performed by mask with sevoflurane and oxygen...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801510/therapeutic-options-for-bleeding-oesophageal-varices-cyanoacrylate-and-balloon-occluded-retrograde-obliteration-brto
#13
Helena L Frischtak, Jessica P Davis, Neeral L Shah
A 56-year-old male with cirrhosis presented with acute bleeding from cardiofundal gastroesophageal varices (GOV) and was treated with endoscopic cyanoacrylate glue. Glue therapy achieved stabilisation of the patient in the emergent setting. Three months later, the patient suffered rebleeding. At that time, he underwent retreatment with balloon-occluded retrograde obliteration (BRTO), with no recurrence at a follow-up of 14 months.Available treatments for bleeding GOV include methods to (a) directly obstruct the varices (endoscopic variceal ligation , sclerotherapy and cyanoacrylate glue, BRTO) or to (b) decrease portal pressure (surgical portacaval shunts; transportal intrahepatic portosystemic shunt)...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783521/paraduodenal-pancreatitis-as-an-uncommon-cause-of-gastric-outlet-obstruction-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Soroush Larjani, Vanessa R Bruckschwaiger, Leslie A Stephens, Paul D James, Guillaume Martel, Richard Mimeault, Fady K Balaa, Kimberly A Bertens
INTRODUCTION: Paraduodenal pancreatitis (PP) is an under-recognized form of focal chronic or recurrent pancreatitis. Since PP presents with non-specific symptoms and shares radiological and histopathological features with other entities, it can be challenging to diagnose. PRESENTATION OF CASE REPORT: Herein, a case of a 64 year-old Caucasian male with PP presenting with recurrent gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) is detailed. Over the course of two years, he underwent multiple balloon dilatations for symptom management...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750837/eus-guided-gastroenterostomy-a-multicenter-study-comparing-the-direct-and-balloon-assisted-techniques
#15
Yen-I Chen, Rastislav Kunda, Andrew C Storm, Hanaa Dakour Aridi, Christopher C Thompson, Jose Nieto, Ali A Siddiqui, Theodore James, Shayan Irani, Majidah Bukhari, Olaya Brewer Gutierrez, Amol Agarwal, Lea Fayad, Robert Moran, Nuha Alammar, Omid Sanaei, Marcia I Canto, Vikesh K Singh, Todd H Baron, Mouen A Khashab
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided gastroenterostomy (EUS-GE) is a developing modality in the management of gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) with several technical approaches including the direct and balloon-assisted techniques. The aim of this study is to compare the direct with the balloon-assisted modality while further defining the role of EUS-GE in GOO. METHODS: Multicenter, retrospective study involving consecutive patients who underwent EUS gastroenterostomy with the direct or balloon-assisted technique for GOO (January 2014-October 2016)...
July 24, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733736/effects-of-steroid-use-for-stenosis-prevention-after-wide-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-gastric-neoplasm
#16
Yoshihiro Kishida, Naomi Kakushima, Kohei Takizawa, Masaki Tanaka, Noboru Kawata, Masao Yoshida, Sayo Ito, Kenichiro Imai, Hirotoshi Ishiwatari, Kinichi Hotta, Hiroyuki Matsubayashi, Hiroyuki Ono
BACKGROUND: Stenosis is a troublesome complication after wide endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). As steroids are known to prevent post-ESD esophageal stenosis, this study aimed to clarify the gastric effects. METHODS: This was a retrospective single-institution study. Between September 2002 and June 2015, 132 patients with a post-ESD mucosal defect exceeding three-fourths of the circumference were identified. Among them, 107 patients who did not undergo additional surgery for non-curative resection were reviewed...
July 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726143/endoscopic-management-of-post-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-stenosis
#17
Valérie Deslauriers, Amélie Beauchamp, Fabio Garofalo, Henri Atlas, Ronald Denis, Pierre Garneau, Radu Pescarus
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is the most popular bariatric surgery worldwide. Gastric sleeve stenosis is the most common postoperative complication, occurring in up to 3.9% of the cases. Current treatment options include endoscopic treatments, such as dilatations and stent placement as well as surgical revisions such as laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), wedge gastrectomy or seromyotomy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of our prospectively collected therapeutical endoscopy database was performed between January 2014 and February 2017...
July 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724303/direct-percutaneous-endoscopic-jejunostomy-using-single-balloon-enteroscopy-without-fluoroscopy-a-case-series
#18
Carlos Bernardes, Rolando Pinho, Adélia Rodrigues, Luísa Proença, João Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Direct percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (DPEJ) is a useful method to provide enteral nutrition to individuals when gastric feeding is not possible or contraindicated. The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy and safety of DPEJ tube placement with the Gauderer-Ponsky technique by the pull method, using single-balloon enteroscopy (SBE) without fluoroscopy. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of patients undergoing SBE for DPEJ placement in a referral hospital between January 2010 and March 2016...
July 14, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723752/full-covered-self-expandable-metal-stents-for-the-treatment-of-anastomotic-leak-using-a-silk-thread
#19
Cheol Woong Choi, Dae Hwan Kang, Hyung Wook Kim, Su Bum Park, Su Jin Kim, Sun Hwi Hwang, Si Hak Lee
To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of fixation of the fully covered self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) placement using a silk thread for complete closure of an anastomotic leak. An anastomotic leak is a life-threatening complication after gastrectomy. Although the traditional treatment of choice was surgical re-intervention, an endoscopic SEMS can be used alternatively.During the study period, we retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients who received a modified covered SEMS capable of being fixed using a silk thread (Shim technique) due to an anastomotic leak after gastrectomy to prevent stent migration...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707286/intragastric-balloon-treatment-for-obesity-review-of-recent-studies
#20
REVIEW
Chinara M Tate, Allan Geliebter
INTRODUCTION: The FDA recently approved three intragastric balloon (IGB) devices, ReShape, ORBERA™, and Obalon for treatment of obesity. Given the high cost, complication risk, and invasiveness of bariatric surgery, IGB treatment may present a safer and lower cost option for weight reduction. IGBs are generally placed in the stomach endoscopically for up to 6 months to reduce gastric capacity, enhance feelings of fullness, and induce weight loss. The mechanism of action likely involves stimulation of gastric mechanoreceptors triggering short-acting vagal signals to brain regions implicated in satiety...
July 13, 2017: Advances in Therapy
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