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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231541/-effects-of-transcutaneous-electrical-acupoint-stimulation-on-treatment-and-prevention-of-postoperative-sore-throat-after-tracheal-intubation-under-general-anesthesia
#1
Dongdong Wang, Tingting Ma, Guozheng Li, Shanshan Fan
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) at Hegu (LI 4) and Neiguan (PC 6) on treatment and prevention of postoperative sore throat (POST) after tracheal intubation under general anesthesia. METHODS: One hundred patients who received elective thyroid gland lobectomy with gradeⅠand Ⅱ of American Society of Anesthesiologists criteria were randomly assigned into a TEAS group and an anesthesia group according to random number table method, 50 cases in each group...
July 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231482/-optimal-acupoint-combination-of-transcutaneous-electrical-stimulation-in-artificial-abortion-operation
#2
Chong Chen, Wenxia Xie, Zedong Wang, Linchai Zeng, Pei Liu, Chunli Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effects on analgesia, tranquilization and prevention of abortion syndrome of artificial abortion operation treated with transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) with different acupoint combination and explore the optimal acupoint combination of TEAS in artificial abortion operation. METHODS: Two hundred patients intended to artificial operation were randomized into No.1 group[Sanyinjiao (SP 6) + Zusanli (ST 36)], No...
February 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231430/-transcutaneous-electrical-acupoint-stimulation-for-pregnancy-of-in-vitro-fertilization-embryo-transfer
#3
Jing Zhong, Linxin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the impact of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) before and after embryo transfer for the pregnancy of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) patients. METHODS: A total of 1761 IVF-ET patients of natural cycle or hormone replacement cycle were randomly assigned into an observation group (735 cases) and a control group (1026 cases). IVF-ET was applied in the two groups. TEAS was used for 30 min separately in the observation group on 24 h before transfer and within 2 h after transfer...
March 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230104/metformin-sensitizes-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-to-an-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-egcg-treatment-by-suppressing-the-nrf2-ho-1-signaling-pathway
#4
Chenxiao Yu, Yang Jiao, Jiao Xue, Qi Zhang, Hongying Yang, Ligang Xing, Guangxia Chen, Jinchang Wu, Shuyu Zhang, Wei Zhu, Jianping Cao
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer. (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a major polyphenol in green tea, is widely studied as a cancer chemopreventive agent with potential anti-cancer effects. The NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) signaling pathway is considered to mediate cellular resistance to EGCG. Metformin, a classical antidiabetic drug, has been shown to prevent cancer progression. Researchers have not reported whether metformin potentiates the anti-cancer efficacy of EGCG...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228755/long-term-supplementation-of-decaffeinated-green-tea-extract-does-not-modify-body-weight-or-abdominal-obesity-in-a-randomized-trial-of-men-at-high-risk-for-prostate-cancer
#5
Nagi B Kumar, Roshni Patel, Julio Pow-Sang, Philippe E Spiess, Raoul Salup, Christopher R Williams, Michael J Schell
Background: Evidence continues to demonstrate the role of obesity in prostate carcinogenesis and prognosis, underscoring the need to identify and continue to evaluate the effective interventions to reduce obesity in populations at high risk. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of daily consumption of decaffeinated green tea catechins (GTC) formulation (Polyphenon E® (PolyE)) for 1 year on biomarkers of obesity in men who are at high risk for prostate cancer. Materials and Methods: A randomized, double-blinded trial was conducted targeting 97 men diagnosed with HGPIN or ASAP...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227650/molecular-evidence-for-catechin-synthesis-and-accumulation-in-tea-buds-camellia-sinensis
#6
Xinzhen Wang, Lina Guo, Liping Gao, Xingxing Shi, Xuecheng Zhao, Xiubing Ma, Tao Xia, Yunsheng Wang
Early spring buds of the Camellia sinensis variety Shuchazao were separated into two parts, including the shoot tip (ST) and non-expanded young leaves (YL). Then, the synthesis and accumulation of catechins in the two parts were assessed by HPLC, DMACA staining, qRT-PCR and in situ hybridization. HPLC showed that EGCG and ECG amounts in YL were increased significantly by 74.0% and 71.8%, respectively. The results of DMACA staining indicated that catechins in buds accumulated mainly in mesophyll cells and bud shaft of YL...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226083/effects-of-o-methylated-epigallocatechin-gallate-egcg-on-lps-induced-osteoclastogenesis-bone-resorption-and-alveolar-bone-loss-in-mice
#7
Tsukasa Tominari, Ryota Ichimaru, Shosei Yoshinouchi, Chiho Matsumoto, Kenta Watanabe, Michiko Hirata, Florian M W Grundler, Masaki Inada, Chisato Miyaura
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG), present in green tea, exhibits antioxidant and antiallergy effects. EGCG3″Me, a 3-O-methylated derivative of EGCG, has been reported to show similar biological functions; the inhibitory activity of EGCG3″Me in a mouse allergy model was more potent than that of EGCG, probably due to the efficiency of absorption from the intestine. However, the functional potency of these EGCGs is controversial in each disease model. We previously observed that EGCG suppressed inflammatory bone resorption and prevented alveolar bone loss in a mouse model of periodontosis...
December 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226023/evaluating-the-whitening-and-microstructural-effects-of-a-novel-whitening-strip-on-porcelain-and-composite-dental-materials
#8
Thair Takesh, Anik Sargsyan, Matthew Lee, Afarin Anbarani, Jessica Ho, Petra Wilder-Smith
Aims: The aim of this project was to evaluate the effects of 2 different whitening strips on color, microstructure and roughness of tea stained porcelain and composite surfaces. Methods: 54 porcelain and 72 composite chips served as samples for timed application of over-the-counter (OTC) test or control dental whitening strips. Chips were divided randomly into three groups of 18 porcelain and 24 composite chips each. Of these groups, 1 porcelain and 1 composite set served as controls...
August 2017: Dentistry: Current Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225484/the-prevalence-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-a-sample-of-female-university-students-in-tabuk-saudi-arabia
#9
Riyadh A Alzaheb, Osama Al-Amer
Background: Prior data on iron deficiency anemia's (IDA) prevalence and associated risk factors among female university students are scarce in the Saudi Arabian context. This study therefore recruited a sample of female students at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia, to investigate IDA prevalence and risk factors and fill the identified research gap. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 200 apparently healthy female students aged between 19 and 25 years was performed between February and June 2016...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225318/caffeine-stimulated-intestinal-epithelial-cells-suppress-lipid-accumulation-in-adipocytes
#10
Takakazu Mitani, Tomoya Nagano, Kiyonari Harada, Yoko Yamashita, Hitoshi Ashida
Caffeine is a methylxanthine derived from plant foods such as coffee beans and tea leaves, and has multiple biological activities against physiological response and several diseases. Although there are some reports about the direct effect of caffeine against anti-lipid accumulation in vitro, the effect of caffeine on lipid accumulation in adipocytes through stimulating intestinal epithelial cells is unknown. Since direct treatment with caffeine to 3T3-L1 cells did not affect lipid accumulation, we determined whether caffeine-stimulated intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells influence the lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225315/comparison-of-the-effects-of-three-tea-cultivars-camellia-sinensis-l-on-nitric-oxide-production-and-aortic-soluble-guanylate-cyclase-expression-in-high-salt-diet-fed-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#11
Sachiko Nomura, Manami Monobe, Kaori Ema, Mari Maeda-Yamamoto, Atsushi Nesumi
Studies have suggested that the consumption of green tea reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Although epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is the best studied active substance characteristic of green tea, previous results on EGCG do not appear sufficient to explain completely the mechanism of cardiovascular protection by green tea. Therefore, we investigated the effect of three different tea cultivars, "Yabukita," "Sofu," and "Sunrouge," which have characteristic flavonoid compositions, on the nitric oxide (NO) production and the related protein expression in the aorta of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) fed a high-salt diet...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224974/evaluation-of-the-potential-of-pelletized-biomass-from-different-municipal-solid-wastes-for-use-as-solid-fuel
#12
Ting Wang, Yuening Li, Jing Zhang, Jingbo Zhao, Yan Liu, Luna Sun, Boyang Liu, Hongjun Mao, Yingchao Lin, Weizun Li, Meiting Ju, Fudong Zhu
Four different municipal solid wastes (dog manure, horse manure, apple pomace waste and tea waste) and an industrial by-product (NovoGro) were used to produce solid fuel pellets. The mixtures followed a raw material to NovoGro ratio of 50:1. The pellets diameters varied between 4 and 5 mm, and the average length was 20 mm. The dog manure, horse manure, apple pomace waste and tea waste pellets were denoted as DN, HN, AN and TN, respectively. The combustion characteristics of the pelletized fuels were investigated, such as total moisture, ash content, calorific value and ash fusion point, etc...
December 7, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224027/a-clinical-scoring-system-for-diagnosis-of-ocular-demodicosis
#13
Oktay Alver, Sertaç Argun Kıvanç, Berna Akova Budak, Nazmiye Ülkü Tüzemen, Beyza Ener, Ahmet Tuncer Özmen
BACKGROUND Demodex may cause chronic and refractory blepharitis with associated ocular surface problems, and its diagnosis and treatment can be quite challenging. In this study, our aim was to assess the efficacy of tea tree oil in Demodex treatment on caucasian patients in an industrialized region of Turkey, and to develop a systematic scoring system for extremely accurate diagnosis in the absence of advanced facilities. MATERIAL AND METHODS Charts of 412 patients with blepharitis were reviewed. A group of 39 out of 412 cases were identified as chronic and treatment-refractory, and therefore were enrolled in this study...
December 10, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223753/preparation-and-characterization-of-biocomposite-film-based-on-chitosan-and-kombucha-tea-as-active-food-packaging
#14
Azam Ashrafi, Maryam Jokar, Abdorreza Mohammadi Nafchi
An active film composed of chitosan and kombucha tea (KT) was successfully prepared using the solvent casting technique. The effect of incorporation of KT at the levels 1%-3% w/w on the physical and functional properties of chitosan film was investigated. The antimicrobial activity of chitosan/KT film against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus was evaluated using agar diffusion test, and its antioxidant activity was determined using DPpH assay. The results revealed that incorporation of KT into chitosan films improved the water vapor permeability (from 256...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222108/illicit-cigarette-sales-in-indian-cities-findings-from-a-retail-survey
#15
Rijo M John, Hana Ross
OBJECTIVE: To estimate illicit cigarette consumption in India using a modified and replicable method and compare it with estimates generated by the tobacco industry and by a commercial entity. METHODS: The study employed a modified approach to cigarette pack analysis suitable for countries with prevalent single-cigarette sales. Empty cigarette packs generated by 1 day's single-cigarette sales were collected directly from cigarette vendors in four large and four small cities covering the length and breadth of India...
December 8, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219744/n-nitrosamines-migrating-from-food-contact-materials-into-food-simulants-analysis-and-quantification-by-means-of-hplc-apci-ms-ms
#16
Friederike Kühne, Oliver Kappenstein, Samira Straβgütl, Florian Weese, Jürgen Weyer, Karla Pfaff, Andreas Luch
It was the aim of the work described here to develop a validated analytical method for the determination N-nitrosamines in food simulants. Here, we present the validation of a liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-APCI-MS/MS) method for the determination of thirteen N-nitrosamines in the food simulants deionised water, 3 % acetic acid and 10 % ethanol. Method validation encompassed linearity, limit of detection (LOD), limit of quantification (LOQ), recovery, precision and stability of the N-nitrosamines...
December 8, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219182/the-emerging-role-of-hippo-signaling-pathway-in-regulating-osteoclast-formation
#17
REVIEW
Wanlei Yang, Weiqi Han, An Qin, Ziyi Wang, Jiake Xu, Yu Qian
A delicate balance between osteoblastic bone formation and osteoclastic bone resorption is crucial for bone homeostasis. This process is regulated by the Hippo signaling pathway including key regulatory molecules RASSF2, NF2, MST1/2, SAV1, LATS1/2, MOB1, YAP and TAZ. It is well established that the Hippo signaling pathway plays an important part in regulating osteoblast differentiation, but its role in osteoclast formation and activation remains poorly understood. In this review, we discuss the emerging role of Hippo-signaling pathway in osteoclast formation and bone homeostasis...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218583/promising-antibacterial-effects-of-silver-nanoparticle-loaded-tea-tree-oil-nanoemulsion-a-synergistic-combination-against-resistance-threat
#18
Roqya Najafi-Taher, Behnaz Ghaemi, Sharmin Kharazi, Samira Rasoulikoohi, Amir Amani
Highly resistant pathogens may be developed in patients with immune disorders after prolonged exposure to antibiotics, a growing threat worldwide. In order to overcome these problems, this study introduces a new class of engineered nanosystems comprising of tea tree oil nanoemulsion (TTO NE) loaded with Ag nanoparticles (NPs). Silver shows a strong toxicity towards a wide range of microorganisms. Also, TTO NE could be employed as a promising and safe antimicrobial agent for local therapies of bacterial infections...
December 7, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216948/-tea-polyphenols-down-regulate-jnk-phosphorylation-to-inhibit-neuron-apoptosis-in-rats-with-cardiac-arrest
#19
Yumei Liu, Thi Phuong Anh Nguyen, Menghua Chen, Lu Xie
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of tea polyphenols (TP) on c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1/2 (JNK1/2) phosphorylation and cell apoptosis in brain tissues in rats with cardiac arrest (CA) following cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). METHODS: Healthy male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into sham group (n = 6), CA group (n = 12), and TP group (n = 12). The rats in CA and TP groups were induced ventricular fibrillation (VF) via esophagus stimulation with alternating current...
December 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216563/synthesis-and-antimicrobial-activity-of-amino-acid-and-peptide-derivatives-of-mycophenolic-acid
#20
Agnieszka Siebert, Magdalena Wysocka, Beata Krawczyk, Grzegorz Cholewiński, Janusz Rachoń
The series of 16 novel amino acid and peptide mycophenolic acid (MPA) derivatives was obtained as potential antibacterial agents. Coupling of MPA with respective amines was optimized with condensing reagents such as EDCI/DMAP and T3P/TEA. Amino acid analogs were received both as methyl esters and also with the free carboxylic group. The biological activity of the products was tested on five references bacterial strains: Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 700603 (ESBL), Escherichia coli ATCC 8739, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853, Staphylococcus aureus MRSA ATCC 43300, Staphylococcus aureus MSSA ATCC 25923...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
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