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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036177/dietary-patterns-in-internal-migrants-in-a-continental-country-a-population-based-study
#1
Antonio Augusto Ferreira Carioca, Bartira Gorgulho, Juliana Araujo Teixeira, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the differences and similarities in dietary patterns among migrants and natives. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of São Paulo. The study population included internal migrants, defined as individuals born outside São Paulo city who had lived in the city for ten years or longer. The final population (n = 999) was divided into three groups: natives of São Paulo (n = 354), migrants from the Southeast (n = 349) and migrants from the Northeast (n = 296)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033382/clinical-pathological-correlations-in-three-patients-with-fibrodysplasia-ossificans-progressiva
#2
Kelly L Wentworth, Katherine Bigay, Tea V Chan, Jennifer P Ho, Blanca M Morales, Joseph Connor, Erin Brooks, M Shahriar Salamat, Henry Charles Sanchez, Geoffrey Wool, Robert J Pignolo, Frederick S Kaplan, Edward C Hsiao
OBJECTIVE: Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is an ultra-rare genetic disorder in which heterotopic bone forms in the soft tissues. This often occurs in response to injury or inflammation, leading to joint immobilization and significant disability. There are currently no definitive treatment options for this devastating disease. Although the most dramatic phenotype in FOP is the episodic and progressive heterotopic ossification, patients report a number of symptoms that affect other organ systems...
October 12, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032403/mate-tea-ilex-paraguariensis-improves-bone-formation-in-the-alveolar-socket-healing-after-tooth-extraction-in-rats
#3
Matheus da Silva Brasilino, Camila Tami Stringhetta-Garcia, Camila Scacco Pereira, Ariana Aparecida Ferreira Pereira, Karina Stringhetta, Andréia Machado Leopoldino, Marcelo Macedo Crivelini, Edilson Ervolino, Rita Cássia Menegati Dornelles, Ana Cláudia de Melo Stevanato Nakamune, Antonio Hernandes Chaves-Neto
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of mate tea (MT) [Ilex paraguariensis] on alveolar socket healing after tooth extraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen male rats were divided into MT and control groups. MT was administered by intragastric gavage at a dose of 20 mg/kg/day for 28 days before and 28 days after right maxillary incisor extraction. The control group received an equal volume of water. Histopathological and histometric analysis of the neoformed bone area and osteocyte density were performed, as well as immunohistochemical analysis of osteocalcin (OCN), receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) in the alveolar socket...
October 14, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032085/fabrication-and-characterization-of-tea-polyphenols-loaded-pullulan-cmc-electrospun-nanofiber-for-fruit-preservation
#4
Ping Shao, Ben Niu, Hangjun Chen, Peilong Sun
Edible packaging films using polymer for food preservation have been developed for a long time. In this study, the effects of different concentrations (0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, w/v) of tea polyphenols incorporated into pullulan-Carboxymethylcellulose sodium (Pul-CMC) solutions on electrospun nanofiber films were evaluated. The fiber size distribution was characterized by scanning electron microscopy. The morphological features of nanofibers were modulated through adjusting process parameters (e.g. concentration of polymer solution, applied voltage and feeding rate)...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031748/association-of-sleep-duration-and-incidence-of-diabetes-modified-by-tea-consumption-a-report-from-the-shanghai-men-s-health-study
#5
Fei Dai, Hui Cai, Honglan Li, Gong Yang, Bu-Tian Ji, Wei Zheng, Yong-Bing Xiang, Xiao-Ou Shu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between sleep duration and the incidence of diabetes stratified by sleep-related factors among Chinese men. METHODS: This study included 34,825 men who provided information on sleep-related questions in the Shanghai Men's Health Study, a population-based cohort study conducted in Shanghai, China from 2002 to 2011. Participants were excluded who had a history of diabetes or who were diagnosed with diabetes within 2 years of recruitment...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031548/green-tea-protects-against-memory-deficits-related-to-maternal-deprivation
#6
Jefferson Menezes, Ben-Hur Neves, Mauren Souza, Pâmela Billig Mello-Carpes
Maternal deprivation (MD) in early life affects the development of the brain, causing cognitive losses in adulthood. Oxidative imbalance may be one of the factors that trigger these deficits. Therapies with antioxidant components, like green tea from Camellia sinensis (GT) has been used to treat or prevent memory deficits in a variety of conditions related to oxidative stress. Here we demonstrate that memory deficits caused by MD can be prevented by GT antioxidant activity in hippocampus. Pregnant female rats were used...
October 12, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030403/new-blood-pressure-associated-loci-identified-in-meta-analyses-of-475%C3%A2-000-individuals
#7
Aldi T Kraja, James P Cook, Helen R Warren, Praveen Surendran, Chunyu Liu, Evangelos Evangelou, Alisa K Manning, Niels Grarup, Fotios Drenos, Xueling Sim, Albert Vernon Smith, Najaf Amin, Alexandra I F Blakemore, Jette Bork-Jensen, Ivan Brandslund, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, Cristiano Fava, Teresa Ferreira, Karl-Heinz Herzig, Ayush Giri, Franco Giulianini, Megan L Grove, Xiuqing Guo, Sarah E Harris, Christian T Have, Aki S Havulinna, He Zhang, Marit E Jørgensen, AnneMari Käräjämäki, Charles Kooperberg, Allan Linneberg, Louis Little, Yongmei Liu, Lori L Bonnycastle, Yingchang Lu, Reedik Mägi, Anubha Mahajan, Giovanni Malerba, Riccardo E Marioni, Hao Mei, Cristina Menni, Alanna C Morrison, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Walter Palmas, Alaitz Poveda, Rainer Rauramaa, Nigel William Rayner, Muhammad Riaz, Ken Rice, Melissa A Richard, Jennifer A Smith, Lorraine Southam, Alena Stančáková, Kathleen E Stirrups, Vinicius Tragante, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Ioanna Tzoulaki, Tibor V Varga, Stefan Weiss, Andrianos M Yiorkas, Robin Young, Weihua Zhang, Michael R Barnes, Claudia P Cabrera, He Gao, Michael Boehnke, Eric Boerwinkle, John C Chambers, John M Connell, Cramer K Christensen, Rudolf A de Boer, Ian J Deary, George Dedoussis, Panos Deloukas, Anna F Dominiczak, Marcus Dörr, Roby Joehanes, Todd L Edwards, Tõnu Esko, Myriam Fornage, Nora Franceschini, Paul W Franks, Giovanni Gambaro, Leif Groop, Göran Hallmans, Torben Hansen, Caroline Hayward, Oksa Heikki, Erik Ingelsson, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Sharon L R Kardia, Fredrik Karpe, Jaspal S Kooner, Timo A Lakka, Claudia Langenberg, Lars Lind, Ruth J F Loos, Markku Laakso, Mark I McCarthy, Olle Melander, Karen L Mohlke, Andrew P Morris, Colin N A Palmer, Oluf Pedersen, Ozren Polasek, Neil R Poulter, Michael A Province, Bruce M Psaty, Paul M Ridker, Jerome I Rotter, Igor Rudan, Veikko Salomaa, Nilesh J Samani, Peter J Sever, Tea Skaaby, Jeanette M Stafford, John M Starr, Pim van der Harst, Peter van der Meer, Cornelia M van Duijn, Anne-Claire Vergnaud, Vilmundur Gudnason, Nicholas J Wareham, James G Wilson, Cristen J Willer, Daniel R Witte, Eleftheria Zeggini, Danish Saleheen, Adam S Butterworth, John Danesh, Folkert W Asselbergs, Louise V Wain, Georg B Ehret, Daniel I Chasman, Mark J Caulfield, Paul Elliott, Cecilia M Lindgren, Daniel Levy, Christopher Newton-Cheh, Patricia B Munroe, Joanna M M Howson
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies have recently identified >400 loci that harbor DNA sequence variants that influence blood pressure (BP). Our earlier studies identified and validated 56 single nucleotide variants (SNVs) associated with BP from meta-analyses of exome chip genotype data. An additional 100 variants yielded suggestive evidence of association. METHODS AND RESULTS: Here, we augment the sample with 140 886 European individuals from the UK Biobank, in whom 77 of the 100 suggestive SNVs were available for association analysis with systolic BP or diastolic BP or pulse pressure...
October 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030039/effect-of-acidic-and-enzymatic-pretreatment-on-the-analysis-of-mountain-tea-sideritis-spp-volatiles-via-distillation-and-ultrasound-assisted-extraction
#8
Virginia D Dimaki, Gregoris Iatrou, Fotini N Lamari
A number of beneficial medicinal properties are attributed to the extract and essential oil of the aerial parts of Sideritis species (Lamiaceae). Hydrodistillation of the aerial parts of wild Sideritis clandestina ssp. peloponnesiaca (an endemic taxon in northern Peloponnesus, Greece) gave a low essential oil yield (<0.12%); about 65 components, mainly α-pinene, β-caryophyllene, β-pinene, globulol, caryophyllene oxide, were identified via GC-MS. Internal and external standards were used for quantification...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027933/dpph-radical-scavenging-and-postprandial-hyperglycemia-inhibition-activities-and-flavonoid-composition-analysis-of-hawk-tea-by-uplc-dad-and-uplc-q-tof-ms-e
#9
Xuan Xiao, Lijia Xu, Huagang Hu, Yinjun Yang, Xinyao Zhang, Yong Peng, Peigen Xiao
Hawk tea (Litsea coreana Lévl. var. Lanuginosa (Migo) Yen C. Yang & P.H. Huang), a very popular herbal tea material, has attracted more and more attention due to its high antioxidant properties and possible therapeutic effect on type II diabetes mellitus. The raw materials of Hawk tea are usually divided into three kinds: bud tea (BT), primary leaf tea (PLT) and mature leaf tea (MLT). In this study, the DPPH radical scavenging activity and the antimicrobial properties of these three kinds of Hawk tea from different regions were comparatively investigated, and a ultra-high performance liquid chromatographic coupled with a photodiode array detector (UPLC-DAD) method was employed for comparison of the three major flavonoid constituents, including hyperoside, isoquercitrin and astragalin, in different samples of Hawk tea...
October 13, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027276/natural-medicines-for-acute-renal-failure-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Motahareh Boozari, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
Acute renal failure (ARF) is a life-threating disease with high mortality percentage. Two important mechanisms of ARF are inflammation and oxidative stress. Plants are rich source of antioxidant compounds and have a strong anti-inflammatory activity, so they may be useful for the treatment of ARF. Some herbal medicines are effective against different models of experimentally induced ARF such as cisplatin, gentamicin, glycerol, and ischemia-reperfusion injury. Some of these plants such as ginseng, black seed, ginger, garlic, grape, pomegranate, saffron, and green tea are so famous and are effective against various models of ARF...
October 13, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027270/the-yerba-mate-intake-has-a-neutral-effect-on-bone-a-case-control-study-in-postmenopausal-women
#11
Denise T A da Veiga, Raísa Bringhenti, Aline A Bolignon, Etiane Tatsh, Rafael N Moresco, Fabio V Comim, Melissa O Premaor
Nutritional factors have been associated with osteoporosis and fractures. The intake of coffee may increase the risk of fracture whereas the intake of black and green tea is associated with its reduction. Recently, consumption of yerba mate was associated with increased bone mineral density in postmenopausal women. Nonetheless, its influence on fracture is not known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of yerba mate tea intake on fractures, bone markers, calcium homeostasis, and oxidative stress in postmenopausal women...
October 13, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025033/heavier-smoking-increases-coffee-consumption-findings-from-a-mendelian-randomization-analysis
#12
Johan H Bjørngaard, Ask Tybjærg Nordestgaard, Amy E Taylor, Jorien L Treur, Maiken E Gabrielsen, Marcus R Munafò, Børge Grønne Nordestgaard, Bjørn Olav Åsvold, Pål Romundstad, George Davey Smith
Background: There is evidence for a positive relationship between cigarette and coffee consumption in smokers. Cigarette smoke increases metabolism of caffeine, so this may represent a causal effect of smoking on caffeine intake. Methods: We performed Mendelian randomization analyses in the UK Biobank ( N  = 114 029), the Norwegian HUNT study ( N  = 56 664) and the Copenhagen General Population Study (CGPS) ( N  = 78 650). We used the rs16969968 genetic variant as a proxy for smoking heaviness in all studies and rs4410790 and rs2472297 as proxies for coffee consumption in UK Biobank and CGPS...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024813/a-prodrug-of-green-tea-polyphenol-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-pro-egcg-serves-as-a-novel-angiogenesis-inhibitor-in-endometrial-cancer
#13
Jianzhang Wang, Gene Chi Wai Man, Tak Hang Chan, Joseph Kwong, Chi Chiu Wang
Anti-angiogenesis effect of a prodrug of green tea polyphenol (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (Pro-EGCG) in malignant tumors is not well studied. Here, we investigated how the treatment with Pro-EGCG inhibited tumor angiogenesis in endometrial cancer. Tumor xenografts of human endometrial cancer were established and subjected to microarray analysis after Pro-EGCG treatment. First, we showed Pro-EGCG inhibited tumor angiogenesis in xenograft models through down-regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) and hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF1α) in tumor cells and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 12 (CXCL12) in host stroma by immunohistochemical staining...
October 9, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022073/the-contribution-of-cell-wall-composition-in-the-expansion-of-camellia-sinensis-seedlings-roots-in-response-to-aluminum
#14
Masoumeh Safari, Faezeh Ghanati, Mohammad Reza Safarnejad, Najmeh Ahmadian Chashmi
Treatment with aluminum triggers a unique response in tea seedlings resulting in biochemical modification of the cell wall, regulation of the activity of the loosening agents, and elongation of root. Unlike most terrestrial plants, tea (Camellia sinensis L.) responds to aluminum (Al) through the promotion of its root elongation; but the real mechanism(s) behind this phenomenon is not well understood. A plausible relationship between the modifications of the cell wall and the promotion of root elongation was examined in tea seedlings treated for 8 days with 400 µM Al...
October 11, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021371/consumption-of-a-double-fortified-salt-affects-perceptual-attentional-and-mnemonic-functioning-in-women-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-india
#15
Michael J Wenger, Laura E Murray-Kolb, Julie Eh Nevins, Sudha Venkatramanan, Gregory A Reinhart, Annie Wesley, Jere D Haas
Background: Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia have been shown to have negative effects on aspects of perception, attention, and memory.Objective: The purpose of this investigation was to assess the extent to which increases in dietary iron consumption are related to improvements in behavioral measures of perceptual, attentional, and mnemonic function.Methods: Women were selected from a randomized, double-blind, controlled food-fortification trial involving ad libitum consumption of either a double-fortified salt (DFS) containing 47 mg potassium iodate/kg and 3...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020770/csgogat-is-important-in-dynamic-changes-of-theanine-content-in-post-harvest-tea-plant-leaves-under-different-temperature-and-shading-spreadings
#16
Zhi-Wei Liu, Hui Li, Wen-Li Wang, Zhi-Jun Wu, Xin Cui, Jing Zhuang
We analyzed the changes of theanine content in post-harvest tea leaves under high temperature (38 °C), low temperature (4 °C), and shading spreadings by using the ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography. The differentially expressed proteins (DEPs), CsFd-GOGAT and CsNADH-GOGAT, which are involved in theanine biosynthesis pathway, were identified from the corresponding proteome data. The protein-protein interactions of CsFd-GOGAT and CsNADH-GOGAT, CsTS1, or CsNiR were verified by yeast two-hybrid technology...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020109/evaluation-of-repetitive-pcr-and-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-maldi-tof-ms-for-rapid-strain-typing-of-bacillus-coagulans
#17
Jun Sato, Motokazu Nakayama, Ayumi Tomita, Takumi Sonoda, Motomitsu Hasumi, Takahisa Miyamoto
In order to establish rapid and accurate typing method for Bacillus coagulans strains which is important for controlling in some canned foods and tea-based beverages manufacturing because of the high-heat resistance of the spores and high tolerance of the vegetative cells to catechins and chemicals, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and repetitive-PCR (rep-PCR) were evaluated. For this purpose, 28 strains of B. coagulans obtained from various culture collections were tested...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018944/-nonautonomous-effects-of-oncogenic-yap-in-hepatocarcinogenesis
#18
REVIEW
S Marquard, S Thomann, S M E Weiler, C Sticht, N Gretz, P Schirmacher, K Breuhahn
BACKGROUND: The transcriptional coactivator yes-associated protein (YAP) is a strong oncogene in liver cancer development. OBJECTIVES: To investigate if and how YAP-induced paracrine-acting factors are regulated in hepatocytes and liver cancer cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Transcriptome analysis and proteomics of murine wildtype and YAP-transgenic hepatocytes were performed to identify paracrine-acting proteins. Molecular and biochemical techniques were used to examine the mechanisms of YAP-dependent gene regulation...
October 10, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018867/changes-in-working-conditions-and-major-weight-gain-among-normal-and-overweight-midlife-employees
#19
Riikka Niskanen, Ansku Holstila, Ossi Rahkonen, Tea Lallukka
Objectives We aimed to examine the association between changes in psychosocial working conditions and major weight gain among midlife women and men. Furthermore, we examined the associations separately among normal- and overweight participants. Methods We used survey data among employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland, from 2000-2002 (phase 1, N=8960), 2007 (phase 2, N=7332), and 2012 (phase 3, N=6814), with a final study sample of 4369 participants. We examined changes in job strain, job demands, and job control from phase 1 to 2...
October 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018779/differential-tissue-specific-and-pathway-specific-anti-obesity-effects-of-green-tea-and-taeumjowitang-a-traditional-korean-medicine-in-mice
#20
Junil Kim, Sujin Park, Haein An, Ji-Young Choi, Myung-Sook Choi, Sang-Woon Choi, Seong-Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: Traditional medicines have been leveraged for the treatment and prevention of obesity, one of the fastest growing diseases in the world. However, the exact mechanisms underlying the effects of traditional medicine on obesity are not yet fully understood. METHODS: We produced the transcriptomes of epididymal white adipose tissue (eWAT), liver, muscle, and hypothalamus harvested from mice fed a normal diet, high-fat-diet alone, high-fat-diet together with green tea, or a high-fat-diet together with Taeumjowitang, a traditional Korean medicine...
September 2017: Journal of Cancer Prevention
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