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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452388/structural-and-functional-changes-in-coffee-trees-after-4-years-under-free-air-co2-enrichment
#1
Miroslava Rakocevic, Rafael Vasconcelos Ribeiro, Paulo Eduardo Ribeiro Marchiori, Heloisa Ferreira Filizola, Eunice Reis Batista
Background and Aims: Climate forecasts suggest that [CO2] in the atmosphere will continue to increase. Structural and ecophysiological responses to elevated air [CO2] (e[CO2]) in tree species are contradictory due to species-dependent responses and relatively short-term experiments. It was hypothesized that long-term exposure (4 year) to e[CO2] would change canopy structure and function of Coffea arabica trees. Methods: Coffee plants were grown in a FACE (free air CO2 enrichment) facility under two air [CO2]: actual and elevated (actual + approx...
February 13, 2018: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452189/roasted-and-green-coffee-extracts-show-antioxidant-and-cytotoxic-activity-in-myoblast-and-endothelial-cell-lines-in-a-cell-specific-manner
#2
Alexandros Priftis, Eleftheria-Maria Panagiotou, Konstantinos Lakis, Christina Plika, Maria Halabalaki, Georgia Ntasi, Aristidis S Veskoukis, Dimitrios Stagos, Leandros A Skaltsounis, Dimitrios Kouretas
Coffee is one of the most highly consumed beverages with potential beneficial health implications, however its molecular mechanism of action has not been completely elucidated yet. To that cause, the polyphenolic composition of different coffee extracts (from Light, Medium and Dark roasts as well as green beans) was examined by UHPLC-HRMS analysis, indicating chlorogenic acids isomers as the main constituents. In the following step, the toxicity of the extracts was tested in myoblasts and endothelial cells and differential toxicity of green and roasted samples was displayed as the myoblasts were more sensitive to green coffee extracts, in contrast to the endothelial cells...
February 13, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449885/deep-eutectic-solvents-pretreatment-of-agro-industrial-food-waste
#3
Alessandra Procentese, Francesca Raganati, Giuseppe Olivieri, Maria Elena Russo, Lars Rehmann, Antonio Marzocchella
Background: Waste biomass from agro-food industries are a reliable and readily exploitable resource. From the circular economy point of view, direct residues from these industries exploited for production of fuel/chemicals is a winning issue, because it reduces the environmental/cost impact and improves the eco-sustainability of productions. Results: The present paper reports recent results of deep eutectic solvent (DES) pretreatment on a selected group of the agro-industrial food wastes (AFWs) produced in Europe...
2018: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449185/association-of-coffee-consumption-and-non-motor-symptoms-in-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-early-stage-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Bang-Hoon Cho, Seong-Min Choi, Joon-Tae Kim, Byeong C Kim
OBJECTIVE: Coffee consumption has an inverse association with the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between coffee consumption and non-motor symptoms (NMSs) in patients with PD. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included 196 early-stage, treatment-naïve PD patients. Coffee consumption history was obtained via semi-structured interviews. NMSs were assessed using the Non-Motor Symptom assessment scale (NMSS)...
February 9, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446077/coffee-drinking-and-colorectal-cancer-and-its-subsites-a-pooled-analysis-of-8-cohort-studies-in-japan
#5
Ikuko Kashino, Shamima Akter, Tetsuya Mizoue, Norie Sawada, Ayaka Kotemori, Keitaro Matsuo, Isao Oze, Hidemi Ito, Mariko Naito, Tomio Nakayama, Yuri Kitamura, Akiko Tamakoshi, Ichiro Tsuji, Yumi Sugawara, Manami Inoue, Chisato Nagata, Atsuko Sadakane, Keitaro Tanaka, Shoichiro Tsugane, Taichi Shimazu
Coffee is a rich source of bioactive compounds that have potential anti-carcinogenic effects. However, it remains unclear whether coffee drinking is associated with colorectal cancer. Also, despite different etiological factors involved in gut physiology, few studies have investigated this association by anatomical site of the lesion. To address these issues, this study examined the association between coffee drinking and colorectal cancer in a pooled analysis from 8 cohort studies conducted in Japan. Among 320,322 participants followed up for 4,503,276 person-years, 6,711 incident colorectal cancer cases were identified...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438954/dietary-intake-and-urinary-metals-among-pregnant-women-in-the-pacific-northwest
#6
Citlalli Osorio-Yáñez, Bizu Gelaye, Daniel A Enquobahrie, Chunfang Qiu, Michelle A Williams
Pregnancy is a period when the mother and her offspring are susceptible to the toxic effects of metals. We investigated associations of intake of frequently consumed foods with urinary metals concentrations among pregnant women in the Pacific Northwest. We measured urinary cadmium (U-Cd), arsenic (U-As) and molybdenum (U-Mo) concentrations from spot urine samples in early pregnancy (15 weeks of gestation, on average) among 558 women from Seattle and Tacoma, Washington. We assessed periconceptional dietary intake using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
February 10, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438164/the-autoimmune-ecology-an-update
#7
Juan-Manuel Anaya, Paula Restrepo-Jiménez, Carolina Ramírez-Santana
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The autoimmune ecology refers to the interactions between individuals and their environment leading to a breakdown in immune tolerance and, therefore, to the development of one or more autoimmune diseases in such an individual. Herein, an update is offered on four specific factors associated with autoimmune diseases, namely, vitamin D, smoking, alcohol and coffee consumption from the perspective of exposome and metabolomics. RECENT FINDINGS: Smoking is associated with an increased risk for most of the autoimmune diseases...
February 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433288/impact-of-oil-droplet-concentration-on-the-optical-rheological-and-stability-characteristics-of-o-w-emulsions-stabilized-with-plant-based-surfactant-potential-application-as-non-dairy-creamers
#8
Cheryl Chung, Alexander Sher, Philippe Rousset, David Julian McClements
The development of plant-based foods and beverages is becoming increasingly popular because of growing consumer concerns about perceived ethical, health, and environmental issues. The current study examined the influence of oil droplet concentration on the physicochemical properties of oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions stabilized with a plant-based surfactant. Emulsions were utilized as model creamers, which consisted of medium chain triglycerides (MCT) as the oil phase and quillaja saponin as a plant-based surfactant...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433228/steam-pressure-treatment-of-defective-coffea-canephora-beans-improves-the-volatile-profile-and-sensory-acceptance-of-roasted-coffee-blends
#9
Daneysa Lahis Kalschne, Marcelo Caldeira Viegas, Antonio José De Conti, Marinês Paula Corso, Marta de Toledo Benassi
Between 15 and 20% of Brazilian coffee production corresponds to defective beans (PVA), which decreases the quality of the coffee brew. Steam treatment has been reported as an alternative to improve the volatile profile and cup quality of coffee. The aim of this study was to propose a steam treatment of defective Coffea canephora beans to improve the volatile profile of the roasted coffee. The sensory impacts of adding steamed coffee (SC) in Coffea arabica blends were evaluated. The steam treatments studied modified the volatile profile of roasted SCs, increasing the contents of acetoin, benzyl alcohol, maltol, 2,6-dimethylpyrazine, 2-furfurylthiol, and 5-methylfurfural and decreasing the contents of 4-ethylguaiacol, isovaleric acid, methional, 2,3-diethyl-5-methylpyrazine, and 3-methoxy-3-methylpyrazine...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433216/effect-of-altitude-on-biochemical-composition-and-quality-of-green-arabica-coffee-beans-can-be-affected-by-shade-and-postharvest-processing-method
#10
Mohammed Worku, Bruno de Meulenaer, Luc Duchateau, Pascal Boeckx
Although various studies have assessed altitude, shade and postharvest processing effects on biochemical content and quality of coffee beans, data on their interactions are scarce. The individual and interactive effects of these factors on the caffeine, chlorogenic acids (CGA) and sucrose contents as well as physical and sensory qualities of green coffee beans from large plantations in southwestern Ethiopia were evaluated. Caffeine and CGA contents decreased with increasing altitude; they respectively declined 0...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433044/spent-coffee-enhanced-biomethane-potential-via-an-integrated-hydrothermal-carbonization-anaerobic-digestion-process
#11
Fábio Codignole Luz, Maurizio Volpe, Luca Fiori, Alessandro Manni, Stefano Cordiner, Vincenzo Mulone, Vittorio Rocco
This study reports the implications of using spent coffee hydrochar as substrate for anaerobic digestion (AD) processes. Three different spent coffee hydrochars produced at 180, 220 and 250 °C, 1 h residence time, were investigated for their biomethane potential in AD process inoculated with cow manure. Spent coffee hydrochars were characterized in terms of ultimate, proximate and higher heating value (HHV), and their theoretical bio-methane yield evaluated using Boyle-Buswell equation and compared to the experimental values...
February 7, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432211/inkjet-printing-and-electrical-characterisation-of-dna-templated-cadmium-sulphide-nanowires
#12
R N Nurdillayeva, A B Oshido, T A Bamford, O El-Zubir, A Houlton, J Hedley, A R Pike, B R Horrocks
Cadmium sulphide can be templated on λ-DNA molecules to form an aqueous dispersion of CdS/λ-DNA nanowires. Subsequent addition of ethylene glycol to 50% v/v is sufficient to formulate an ink suitable for printing using piezoelectric drop-on-demand technology. Printed droplet arrays show a coffee-ring morphology of individual deposits by fluorescence and Raman microscopy, but upon increasing the number of layers of printed material by repeated printing over each droplet, the dry deposit approaches closer to a disc shape...
February 12, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430598/simultaneous-quantification-of-caffeine-and-chlorogenic-acid-in-coffee-green-beans-and-varietal-classification-of-the-samples-by-hplc-dad-coupled-with-chemometrics
#13
Silvia De Luca, Eleonora Ciotoli, Alessandra Biancolillo, Remo Bucci, Andrea D Magrì, Federico Marini
A chromatographic procedure (HPLC-DAD) using a relatively rapid gradient has been combined with a chemometric curve deconvolution method, multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS), in order to quantify caffeine and chlorogenic acid in green coffee beans. Despite that the HPLC analysis (at these specific operating conditions) presents some coeluting peaks, MCR-ALS allowed their resolution and, consequently, the creation of a calibration curve to be used for the quantification of the analytes of interest; this procedure led to a high accuracy in the quantification of caffeine and chlorogenic acid present in the samples...
February 11, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430298/macronutrient-manipulations-of-cheese-resulted-in-lower-energy-content-without-compromising-its-satiating-capacity
#14
Thea Toft Hansen, Anders Sjödin, Christian Ritz, Simon Bonnet, Sanne Kellebjerg Korndal
Manipulation of food's macronutrient composition in order to reduce energy content without compromising satiating capacity may be helpful in body weight control. For cheeses, substituting fat with protein may provide such opportunity. We aimed at examining the acute effect of cheeses with different macronutrient compositions on accumulated energy intake and subjective appetite sensation. A total of thirty-nine normal-weight (average BMI 24·4 kg/m2) men and women completed the partly double-blind, randomised crossover study with high-protein/low-fat (HP/LF, 696 kJ), high-protein/high-fat (HP/HF, 976 kJ) and low-protein/high-fat (LP/HF, 771 kJ) cheeses...
2018: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428613/impact-of-temperature-and-substrate-concentration-on-degradation-rates-of-acetate-propionate-and-hydrogen-and-their-links-to-microbial-community-structure
#15
Jing Zhao, Maria Westerholm, Wei Qiao, Dongmin Yin, Shaojie Bi, Mengmeng Jiang, Renjie Dong
The present study investigates the conversion of acetate, propionate and hydrogen consumption linked to the microbial community structure and related to temperature and substrate concentration. Biogas reactors were continuously fed with coffee powder (20 g-COD/L) or acetate (20, 40, and 60 g-COD/L) and operated for 193 days at 37 °C or 55 °C conditions. Starting HRT was 23 days which was then reduced to 7 days. The kinetics of acetate and propionate degradation and hydrogen consumption rates were measured in batch assays...
February 2, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428579/brain-activations-supporting-linking-of-action-phases-in-a-sequential-manual-task
#16
Daniel Säfström, Erik Domellöf
Most everyday manual tasks, like grabbing a cup of coffee to drink, are comprised of a sequence of action phases. Efficient phase transitions, or linking, are achieved using a predictive control policy where motor commands for the next phase are specified and released in anticipation of sensory confirmation of goal completion of the current phase. If there is a discrepancy between predicted and actual sensory feedback about goal completion, corrective actions are employed to complete the current action phase before proceeding to the next...
February 8, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427269/preparation-characterization-and-application-of-ti-tio2-nts-sb-sno2-electrode-in-photo-electrochemical-treatment-of-industrial-effluents-under-mild-conditions
#17
Anantha N Subba Rao, Venkatesha T Venkatarangaiah
Ti/TiO2-NTs/Sb-SnO2 electrode was prepared by gradient pulsed electrodeposition, and its electrochemical properties were evaluated. The catalytic activity and reusability of the electrode were tested by electrochemical oxidation (EO) and photoelectrochemical oxidation (PEO) of organics present in textile industry wastewater (TWW) and coffee bean processing industry wastewater (CWW). COD removal of ~ 41% was achieved after 5-h electrolysis under a constant applied current density of 30 mA cm-2 for TWW and 50 mA cm-2 for CWW...
February 9, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425921/coffee-and-colorectal-cancer-grounds-for-prevention
#18
EDITORIAL
Amanda J Cross, Marc J Gunter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425657/urine-metabolomics-shows-an-induction-of-fatty-acids-metabolism-in-healthy-adult-volunteers-after-supplementation-with-green-coffee-coffea-robusta-l-bean-extract
#19
Gregorio Peron, Davide Santarossa, Dario Voinovich, Stefano Dall'Acqua, Stefania Sut
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Green coffee bean extract is used as herbal medicine or supplement for weight reduction and obesity. The active constituents are considered caffeine and chlorogenic acid (CGA) derivatives. The mode of action of CGA is still unclear and can be related to peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPAR-α) and liver X receptor Rα (LXR-α). Metabolomics may be an innovative tool for the description and discovery of the multiple target nature of such phytocomplex...
January 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421941/zinc-dependent-and-independent-actions-of-hydroxyhydroquinone-on-rat-thymic-lymphocytes
#20
Honoka Wada, Keisuke Oyama, Risa Kamae, Toshiya Masuda, Kaori Kanemaru, Kumio Yokoigawa, Yasuo Oyama
Coffee contains hydroxyhydroquinone (HHQ). HHQ is one of the by-products released during bean roasting. Therefore, it is important to elucidate the bioactivity of HHQ to predict its beneficial or adverse effects on humans. We studied zinc-dependent and independent actions of commercially procured synthetic HHQ in rat thymocytes using flow cytometric techniques with propidium iodide, FluoZin-3-AM, 5-chloromethylfluorescein diacetate, and annexin V-FITC. HHQ at 1050 µM elevated intracellular Zn2+ levels by releasing intracellular Zn2+...
February 9, 2018: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
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