keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vaginosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913230/effects-of-combined-oral-contraceptives-depot-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-and-the-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system-on-the-vaginal-microbiome
#1
J Paul Brooks, David J Edwards, Diana L Blithe, Jennifer M Fettweis, Myrna G Serrano, Nihar U Sheth, Jerome F Strauss, Gregory A Buck, Kimberly K Jefferson
OBJECTIVES: Prior studies suggest that the composition of the vaginal microbiome may positively or negatively affect susceptibility to sexually transmitted infections (STI) and bacterial vaginosis (BV). Some female hormonal contraceptive methods also appear to positively or negatively influence STI transmission and BV. Therefore changes in the vaginal microbiome that are associated with different contraceptive methods may explain, in part, effects on STI transmission and BV. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective study of 16S rRNA gene survey data of vaginal samples from a subset of participants from the Human Vaginal Microbiome Project at Virginia Commonwealth University...
November 29, 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904548/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-gestational-diabetes-in-high-risk-women-results-from-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#2
Shole Shahgheibi, Fariba Farhadifar, Bahar Pouya
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is common in pregnancy, leading to increase in the frequency of preeclampsia, cesarean delivery, neonatal bacterial vaginosis, and gestational diabetes. The current study was designed and implemented to investigate the effect of vitamin D during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy in reducing the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in women who are at high risk [history of GDM, birth macrosomia, family history, and high body mass index (BMI)]...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897054/high-levels-of-inflammatory-cytokines-in-the-reproductive-tract-of-women-with-bv-and-engaging-in-intravaginal-douching-a-cross-sectional-study-of-participants-in-the-women-interagency-hiv-study-wihs
#3
Maria Luisa Alcaide, Violeta J Rodriguez, Megan R Brown, Suresh Pallikkuth, Kristopher Arheart, Octavio Martinez, Margaret Roach, Raina Fichorova, Deborah L Jones, Savita Pahwa, Margaret A Fischl
High levels of inflammatory cytokines in the genital tract suggest mucosal vulnerability and increased risk of HIV and STI acquisition. Intravaginal douching is associated with bacterial vaginosis (BV) in women in the US, and both douching and BV are linked to HIV and STI acquisition. This study evaluates inflammatory cytokines in the genital tract to increase understanding of the effects of both BV and intravaginal douching to the vaginal mucosa. A cross-sectional study of participants in the Miami WIHS investigated 72 reproductive age women (45 HIV+ and 27 high-risk HIV-) who completed intravaginal douching questionnaires and underwent collection of vaginal swabs and cervicovaginal lavages (CVL)...
November 29, 2016: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893600/prevalence-and-correlates-of-genital-infections-among-newly-diagnosed-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-adults-entering-human-immunodeficiency-virus-care-in-windhoek-namibia
#4
Gaston Djomand, Madeleine Schlefer, Steve Gutreuter, Sarah Tobias, Roopal Patel, Nickolas DeLuca, Julia Hood, Souleymane Sawadogo, Cheng Chen, Alexinah Muadinohamba, David W Lowrance, Naomi Bock
BACKGROUND: Identifying and treating genital infections, including sexually transmitted infections (STI), among newly diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals may benefit both public and individual health. We assessed prevalence of genital infections and their correlates among newly diagnosed HIV-infected individuals enrolling in HIV care services in Namibia. METHODS: Newly diagnosed HIV-infected adults entering HIV care at 2 health facilities in Windhoek, Namibia, were recruited from December 2012 to March 2014...
November 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890946/prevalence-of-asymptomatic-infections-in-sexually-transmitted-diseases-attendees-diagnosed-with-bacterial-vaginosis-vaginal-candidiasis-and-trichomoniasis
#5
R Rajalakshmi, S Kalaivani
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are a major health problem affecting mostly young people in both developing and developed countries. STD in women causes both acute morbidity and complications such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy, low-birth weight, and prematurity. AIMS: The aim of the study is to assess the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis, vaginal candidiasis, and trichomoniasis among asymptomatic females attending STD outpatient department in a tertiary care hospital in South India...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881530/menstrual-cups-and-sanitary-pads-to-reduce-school-attrition-and-sexually-transmitted-and-reproductive-tract-infections-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-feasibility-study-in-rural-western-kenya
#6
Penelope A Phillips-Howard, Elizabeth Nyothach, Feiko O Ter Kuile, Jackton Omoto, Duolao Wang, Clement Zeh, Clayton Onyango, Linda Mason, Kelly T Alexander, Frank O Odhiambo, Alie Eleveld, Aisha Mohammed, Anna M van Eijk, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, John Vulule, Brian Faragher, Kayla F Laserson
OBJECTIVES: Conduct a feasibility study on the effect of menstrual hygiene on schoolgirls' school and health (reproductive/sexual) outcomes. DESIGN: 3-arm single-site open cluster randomised controlled pilot study. SETTING: 30 primary schools in rural western Kenya, within a Health and Demographic Surveillance System. PARTICIPANTS: Primary schoolgirls 14-16 years, experienced 3 menses, no precluding disability, and resident in the study area...
November 23, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881151/gentamicin-versus-ceftriaxone-for-the-treatment-of-gonorrhoea-g-tog-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-trial
#7
Clare Brittain, Margaret Childs, Lelia Duley, Jan Harding, Trish Hepburn, Garry Meakin, Alan A Montgomery, Wei Tan, Jonathan D C Ross
BACKGROUND: Gonorrhoea is a common sexually transmitted infection which causes genital pain and discomfort; in women it can also lead to pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility, and in men to epididymo-orchitis. Current treatment is with ceftriaxone, but there is increasing evidence of antimicrobial resistance which is reducing its effectiveness against gonorrhoea. A small, but increasing, number of patients have already been found to have highly resistant strains of gonorrhoea which has been associated with clinical failure...
November 24, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874978/the-treatment-of-bacterial-vaginosis-in-pregnancy-with-clindamycin-to-reduce-the-risk-of-infection-related-preterm-birth-a-response-to-the-danish-society-of-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-guideline-group-s-clinical-recommendations
#8
Ronald F Lamont, Jeffrey A Keelan, Per Goran Larsson, Jan Stener Jørgensen
Preterm birth is the major cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity worldwide. Infection/inflammation is responsible for a significant percentage of preterm birth, particularly at early gestations. A recent clinical recommendation by a guidelines group of the Danish Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (DSOG) advised against the use of clindamycin for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy to reduce the risk of spontaneous preterm birth based on lack of evidence of efficacy. We believe that the evidence for the use of clindamycin for this indication is robust and that this recommendation was reached erroneously on the basis of flawed inclusion criteria: the inclusion of an unpublished study with poorly diagnosed bacterial vaginosis and the exclusion of an important pivotal study on the use of clindamycin in early pregnancy for the prevention of preterm birth...
November 22, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856152/-use-of-probiotics-in-bacterial-vaginosis
#9
A M Mur Pérez, Z Mateo Segura, N Ramírez Domínguez, P Vela Condón
INTRODUCTION: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a change in the vaginal microbiota due to bacterial overgrowth of normal microorganisms, which produces symptoms of vaginal discomfort, increased malodorous vaginal discharge, etc. Although they been seen to improve recurrence rates in clinical practice, the role of probiotics is questioned in these situations. A literature review on BV is presented in order to evaluate the effectiveness of using probiotics as adjuvant therapy in BV. METHOD: PubMed, Cochrane and SCOPUS review of the last 5 years publications using probiotics to treat women diagnosed with BV...
November 14, 2016: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847193/extremely-low-gestational-age-and-very-low-birthweight-for-gestational-age-are-risk-factors-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-a-large-cohort-study-of-10-year-old-children-born-at-23-27-weeks-gestation
#10
Robert M Joseph, Steven J Korzeniewski, Elizabeth N Allred, T Michael O'Shea, Tim Heeren, Jean A Frazier, Janice Ware, Deborah Hirtz, Alan Leviton, Karl Kuban
BACKGROUND: No prospective cohort study of high-risk children has used rigorous exposure assessment and optimal diagnostic procedures to examine the perinatal antecedents of autism spectrum disorder separately among those with and without cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify perinatal factors associated with increased risk for autism spectrum disorder with and without intellectual disability (intelligence quotient <70) in children born extremely preterm...
November 12, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845497/lysozyme-as-a-cotreatment-during-antibiotics-use-against-vaginal-infections-an-in-vitro-study-on-gardnerella-vaginalis-biofilm-models
#11
Olivier Thellin, Willy Zorzi, Danièle Zorzi, Philippe Delvenne, Ernst Heinen, Benaïssa ElMoualij, Pascale Quatresooz
Bacterial vaginoses are frequent in women, most of them involving Gardnerella vaginalis. In more than 50% of the cases, usual antibiotic treatments are not capable of eliminating completely the infection, leading to recurrent vaginosis. In addition to the appearance of antibiotic resistance, recurrence can be due to the development of a biofilm by G. vaginalis. In vitro experiments on G. vaginalis biofilms showed that the biofilm protected bacteria from the antibiotic clindamycin. Also, recombinant human lysozyme (rhLys) was able to both degrade biofilms and prevent their formation...
June 2016: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843546/-ezakiella-massiliensis-sp-nov-a-new-bacterial-species-isolated-from-human-female-genital-tract
#12
K Diop, D Raoult, F Bretelle, F Fenollar
We report the primary characteristics of "Ezakiella massiliensis" strain Marseille P2951 (= DSM 103122 = CSUR P2951), a new member of the Ezakiella genus. Strain Marseille P2951 was isolated from a vaginal sample taken from an asymptomatic 20-year-old woman who had sex with another woman who had bacterial vaginosis.
January 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836494/associations-between-vaginal-infections-and-potential-high-risk-and-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-genotypes-in-female-sex-workers-in-western-kenya
#13
Sonia Menon, Davy Vanden Broeck, Rodolfo Rossi, Emiliono Ogbe, Stacy Harmon, Hillary Mabeya
PURPOSE: Infection with and persistence of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR HPV) are the strongest risk factors for cervical cancer. Little is known about the prevalence and role of concurrent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) found in HPV-infected female sex workers (FSW) in Africa. This study purports to test our a priori hypotheses that STIs are associated with genotypes pertaining to the α-group species 9. The objectives were to determine the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV), Trichomonas vaginalis, and Candida spp in FSW, the association between these STIs and the prevalence of any potential HR and HR HPV genotypes in FSWs...
November 8, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835627/intravaginal-practices-and-prevalence-of-sexual-and-reproductive-tract-infections-among-women-in-rural-malawi
#14
Allahna Esber, Nisha Rao, Alison Norris, Patricia Carr Reese, Jonathan Kandodo, Patrick Nampandeni, Enock Jumbe, Abigail Norris Turner
BACKGROUND: Many women engage in intravaginal practices (IVP) with a goal of improving genital hygiene and increasing sexual pleasure. Intravaginal practices can disrupt the genital mucosa, and some studies have found that IVP increases risk of acquisition of HIV and bacterial vaginosis (BV). Limited prior research also suggests significant associations between IVP, herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), and high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV). METHODS: We examined associations between IVP and HPV, BV, and HSV-2 among 200 women in rural Malawi participating in a clinic-based study on sexual and reproductive tract infections...
December 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833516/utility-of-laboratory-diagnosis-for-confirmation-of-the-syndromic-case-management-in-married-indian-women-with-vaginal-discharge
#15
Prabhav Aggarwal, Sonali Bhattar, Satyendra Kumar Sahani, Preena Bhalla
OBJECTIVE: WHO and NACO recommend treatment of STIs/RTIs on the basis syndromic case management (SCM), even without laboratory confirmation, which may lead to over-treatment. Thus, this study was conducted to evaluate the utility of laboratory diagnosis for confirmation of patients with vaginal discharge diagnosed on the basis of SCM. METHODOLOGY: 234 married women in reproductive age group, diagnosed as having vaginal discharge syndrome were included. Normal saline wet-mount slide preparations were made for detection of motile trichomonads...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831607/-prevalence-of-bacterial-vaginosis-and-associated-factors-in-twenty-peruvian-cities
#16
Lorena López-Torres, Marina Chiappe, César Cárcamo, Geoff Garnett, King Holmes, Patricia García
Objetives.: To determine the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) and associated factors among 18-29-year-old women in 20 Peruvian cities using PREVEN project data. Materials and Methods.: In this cross-sectional study, BV was defined using previously provided vaginal discharge samples on slides, which were Gram stained and observed under a microscope to determine the Nugent scores. A BV diagnosis was applied to samples with scores of 7-10. Prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated using generalized linear models...
July 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818966/sexually-transmitted-infections-among-hospitalized-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-and-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-hiv-aids-in-zahedan-southeastern-iran
#17
Seyed Mohammad Hashemi-Shahri, Batool Sharifi-Mood, Hamid-Reza Kouhpayeh, Javad Moazen, Mohsen Farrokhian, Masoud Salehi
BACKGROUND: Studies show that nearly 40 million people are living with human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) around the world and since the beginning of the epidemic, about 35 million have died from AIDS. Heterosexual intercourse is the most common route for transmission of HIV infection (85%). People with a sexually transmitted infection (STI), such as syphilis, genital herpes, chancroid, or bacterial vaginosis, are more likely to obtain HIV infection during sex...
September 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816380/association-of-bacterial-vaginosis-with-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-among-women-in-the-u-s-army
#18
Christian T Bautista, Eyako K Wurapa, Warren B Sateren, Sara M Morris, Bruce P Hollingsworth, Jose L Sanchez
INTRODUCTION: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common vaginal condition in women of reproductive age, which has been associated with Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae among commercial sex workers and women attending sexually transmitted infection clinics. Pathogen-specific associations between BV and other sexually transmitted infections among U.S. military women have not been investigated. METHODS: A population-based, nested case-control study was conducted of all incident chlamydia and gonorrhea cases reported to the Defense Medical Surveillance System during 2006-2012...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815549/pregnant-women-s-attitudes-about-topical-microbicides-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-bacterial-vaginosis-during-pregnancy
#19
Marina Catallozzi, Lauren Dapena Fraiz, Katharine M Hargreaves, Gregory D Zimet, Lawrence R Stanberry, Adam J Ratner, Shari E Gelber, Susan L Rosenthal
We sought to understand pregnant women's product preference and likelihood of use of topical microbicides for bacterial vaginosis (BV) prevention and treatment. Pregnant women (N = 196) in a obstetrics clinic completed a survey between June 2014 and January 2015 about vaginal product use for BV. This cross-sectional study explored product preferences, likelihood of product use for BV management and father of the baby (FOB) involvement. Most participants were under 30 (68%) and underrepresented minorities (47% Hispanic, 21% African-American)...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793493/-bacterial-vaginosis-and-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#20
G Brabant
OBJECTIVE: To determine if bacterial vaginosis is a marker for risk of spontaneous preterm delivery and if its detection and treatment can reduce this risk. METHODS: Consultation of the database Pubmed/Medline, Science Direct, and international guidelines of medical societies. RESULTS: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a dysbiosis resulting in an imbalance in the vaginal flora through the multiplication of anaerobic bacteria and jointly of a disappearance of well-known protective Lactobacilli...
October 26, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
keyword
keyword
17634
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"