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Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma

Jeong Hyun Lee, Woo Kyoung Jeong, Young Kon Kim, Won Jae Lee, Sang Yun Ha, Kyoung Won Kim, Jihun Kim
PURPOSE: To examine the characteristic features of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEH) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using Gd-EOB-DTPA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve patients (mean age, 50 years; male:female = 6:6) who were pathologically confirmed to have HEH in two tertiary institutions were retrospectively investigated. For qualitative analysis, the MRI features of HEH including core pattern were characterized, and lesions were divided into core and non-core groups...
April 1, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
Hanchanale Pavan, Joy Varghese, Kavya Harika, Mukul Vij, Venkataraman Jayanthi, Mohamed Rela
Malignant hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma is a rare, vascular tumor of the liver with peak incidence in the middle age with a female preponderance and of unknown etiology. Majority of the tumors are asymptomatic. The gold standard for diagnosis of the tumor is liver histology showing presence of epithelioid tumor cells on a background of a hyaline stroma. Immunohistochemical positivity for CD31, CD34, Factor VIII, and Podoplanin (D2-40) is confirmatory. The treatment of choice is liver transplantation...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
Nihan Haberal Reyhan
Liver transplant is now an acceptable and effective treatment for specific nonhepatocellular malignancies. Worldwide, hilar cholangiocarcinoma accounts for 3% of all primary gastrointestinal malignancies and for 10% of primary hepatobiliary malignancies. For patients who have early-stage, unresectable cholangiocarcinoma, liver transplant preceded by neoadjuvant radiotherapy can result in tumor-free margins, accomplish a radical resection, and treat the underlying primary sclerosing cholangitis when present...
March 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Quirino Lai, Estelle Feys, Vincent Karam, Rene Adam, Jurgen Klempnauer, Martin Oliverius, Vincenzo Mazzaferro, Andreas Pascher, Piotr Remiszewski, Helena Isoniemi, Jacques Pirenne, Aksel Foss, Bo G Ericzon, Sasa Markovic, Jan P Lerut
BACKGROUND: Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEHE) is a rare vascular tumor which has an intermediate aggressive behavior. Although the value of liver transplantation (LT) is well established, its place in the management of HEHE is still unclear. The aim of this study is to confirm, based on a very large patient cohort, the value of LT in the management of HEHE and to identify risk factors for post-LT recurrence. METHODS: The outcome of 149 transplant recipients with HEHE recorded in the European Liver Transplant Registry during the period November 1984 to May 2014 was analyzed...
2017: Transplantation
Jun-Wu Yang, Yong Li, Kai Xie, Wei Dong, Xian-Tong Cao, Wei-Dong Xiao
Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEH) is a rare tumor of vascular endothelial origin. Spontaneous rupture of HEH is a life-threatening complication and is extremely rare. HEH has variable malignant potential, and the clinical diagnosis remains challenging. Here we report a case of HEH with spontaneous rupture. A 44-year-old man presented with constant cutting pains over the right upper abdomen after eating. He had hemoptysis 11 d previously. Diagnostic abdominal puncture demonstrated active bleeding...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Dong-Hwan Jung, Shin Hwang, Seung-Mo Hong, Ki-Hun Kim, Young-Joo Lee, Chul-Soo Ahn, Deok-Bog Moon, Tae-Yong Ha, Gi-Won Song, Gil-Chun Park, Eunsil Yu, Sung-Gyu Lee
BACKGROUND Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is a rare vascular tumor. We present a single-center study on hepatic EHE cases treated by hepatic resection (HR) or liver transplantation (LT). MATERIAL AND METHODS Six HR patients with hepatic EHE were identified during 5 years from 2010 to 2014; EHE represented 0.13% (6 of 4572) of all primary liver tumors. Two LT recipients were also identified during 12 years from 2003 to 2014, who represented 0.06% (2 of 3576) of all adult LT patients. RESULTS Mean age of the patients was 42...
December 29, 2016: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
Hai-Jie Hu, Yan-Wen Jin, Qiu-Yang Jing, Anuj Shrestha, Nan-Sheng Cheng, Fu-Yu Li
Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEHE) is a rare category of vascular tumor with uncertain malignant potential. It commonly presents nonspecific and variable clinical manifestations, ranging from asymptomatic to hepatic failure. In addition, laboratory measurements and imaging features also lack specificity in the diagnosis of HEHE. The aim of the present study is to highlight the dilemma and challenges in the preoperative diagnosis of HEHE, and to enhance awareness of the range of hepatobiliary surgery available in patients with multiple hepatic nodular lesions on imaging...
November 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Antonello Giardino, Frank H Miller, Bobby Kalb, Miguel Ramalho, Diego R Martin, Karina Rodacki, John T Woosley, Richard C Semelka
OBJECTIVE: To determine common imaging findings of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma on magnetic resonance images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search was made of three institutional databases between January 2000 and August 2012. Seven patients (mean age, 47 years; range, 21-66 years; 6 women) with pathology-confirmed diagnosis of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma who had undergone magnetic resonance imaging were identified. None of the patients had received any treatment for hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma at the time of the initial magnetic resonance imaging examination...
September 2016: Radiologia Brasileira
Chia-Hung Wu, Nai-Chi Chiu, Yi-Chen Yeh, Yu Kuo, Sz-Shian Yu, Ching-Yao Weng, Chien-An Liu, Yi-Hong Chou, Yi-You Chiou
BACKGROUND: Beside hepatocellular carcinoma, metastasis, and cholangiocarcinoma, the imaging findings of other relatively uncommon hepatic lesions are less discussed in the literature. Imaging diagnosis of these lesions is a daily challenge. In this article, we review the imaging characteristics of these neoplasms. METHODS: From January 2003 to December 2014, 4746 patients underwent liver biopsy or hepatic surgical resection in our hospital. We reviewed the pathological database retrospectively...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Arianeb Mehrabi, Katrin Hoffmann, Karl Heinz Weiss, Carolin Mogler, Peter Schemmer, Markus W Büchler, Ingo Alldinger
BACKGROUND: Primary Hepatic Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma is an extremely rare tumor of vascular origin. PATIENTS: In this work we present clinical data and long term results of eight patients who were surgically treated in our institution. Liver transplantation was performed in five patients (four cadaveric and one living related) and major liver resection in three patients. Three patients are alive with recurrent tumor. After a median follow-up of 100 months (48-266) all patients are alive...
November 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
L J Wang, Y M Zhang, Y L Deng, H Zheng, C Pan, Z Y Shen
OBJECTIVE: To analyse and explore the indications and efficacy of liver transplantation for benign liver tumor. METHODS: From Jan.2001 to Dec.2014, 6 patients, incluing 3 males and 3 females, with benign liver tumor underwent liver transplantation in our department.There were 2 cases of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, 1 case of hepatic cavernous hemangioma, 1 case of liver mesenchymal hamartoma, 1 case of hilar bile duct mucinous cystadenoma, and 1 case of hepatic adenoma...
July 12, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Noritoshi Kobayashi, Takeshi Shimamura, Motohiko Tokuhisa, Ayumu Goto, Yasushi Ichikawa
A 49-year-old Japanese man had multiple huge masses (max. size 60 mm diameter) in his liver. These tumors were pathologically diagnosed by tumor biopsy as epithelioid hemangioendotheliomas of the liver. In this case, multiple liver tumors existed in both lobes. Also this patient did not agree to receive surgical resection including liver transplantation. Chemotherapy with sorafenib at a dose of 400 mg/body twice a day was started. About 6 months later, CT findings revealed that these tumors were shrinking slightly; 33 months later, the tumors obviously showed a partial response in accordance with the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST)...
January 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
Yi Dong, Wen-Ping Wang, Vito Cantisani, Mirko D'Onofrio, Andre Ignee, Lorenzo Mulazzani, Adrian Saftoiu, Zeno Sparchez, Ioan Sporea, Christoph F Dietrich
AIM: To analyze contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) features of histologically proven hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEHE) in comparison to other multilocular benign focal liver lesions (FLL). METHODS: Twenty-five patients with histologically proven HEHE and 45 patients with histologically proven multilocular benign FLL were retrospectively reviewed. Four radiologists assessed the CEUS enhancement pattern in consensus. RESULTS: HEHE manifested as a single (n = 3) or multinodular (n = 22) FLL...
May 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Aminder Singh, Neena Sood, Harpreet K Puri, Pavneet K Selhi, Bhavna Garg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
L U Gan, Ruiping Chang, Hualan Jin, L I Yang
To investigate the typical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) features of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEH), the CT and MRI findings of 14 histopathologically confirmed cases of HEH were retrospectively analyzed. Non-contrast and dynamic contrast-enhanced scans were conducted in all cases. A total of 229 lesions were detected in the 14 cases. All cases were classified as one of three types: (i) Solitary nodular type (1 case, 7%); (ii) multifocal nodular type (11 cases, 79%); or (iii) diffuse type (2 cases, 14%)...
March 2016: Oncology Letters
Imène Boukhris, Samira Azzabi, Ines Kéchaou, Eya Chérif, Chékib Kooli, Khaled Ben Romdhane, Souheil Omar, Narjes Khalfallah
Hypercalcemia caused by tumor production of PTH-rp occurs most often in cases of squamous cell carcinoma of the lung, aerodigestive tract cancer, gynecological cancer and lymphoma. We report an exceptional case of PTH-rp related to a hepatic hemangioendothelioma. A 70 years-old male admitted for deterioration of the general state. The laboratory investigations revealed hypercalcemia, related to tumor production of PTH-rp. Imaging revealed tumoral hepatic lesions. Histopathological study and immunohistochemistry showed diffuse response for CD31 marker, CK20 (+) with CK7 (-) and hepatocyt antigen (-)...
January 2016: Annales de Biologie Clinique
Noel Yarze, Joseph C Yarze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Inbal Samuk, Akin Tekin, Panagiotis Tryphonopoulos, Ignacio G Pinto, Jennifer Garcia, Debbie Weppler, David M Levi, Seigo Nishida, Gennaro Selvaggi, Phillip Ruiz, Andreas G Tzakis, Rodrigo Vianna
PURPOSE: To present our experience in abdominal transplantations to manage unresectable abdominal neoplasms in children and to describe the role of extensive surgeries in such cases. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 22 abdominal transplantations in 21 patients for abdominal tumors over 16 years. Transplantation techniques included liver transplant (LT), multivisceral transplant (MVTx), and intestinal autotransplant (IA). Follow-up intervals ranged from 0...
April 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Kun Dong, Xin-Xin Wang, Ji-Liang Feng, Hui Liu, Ke-Jia Zu, Jing Chang, Fu-Dong Lv
We aim to investigate the pathological characteristics of liver biopsies and their implications for the prognosis of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEHE). Clinical data of eight patients (5 male, 3 female) with HEHE were analyzed retrospectively. Expression of CD34, FVIII, AE1/AE3, Hepa-par1, GPC3, CK19 and the proliferation index marker Ki-67 were determined by immunohistochemical staining. The clinical pathological features and effects of treatment on prognosis were investigated. Among the eight patients, four did not exhibit significant symptoms, while four showed symptoms such as abdominal distension, aversion to greasy food and mild fever...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Athena Galletto Pregliasco, Dominique Wendum, Claire Goumard, Lionel Arrivé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
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